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    Standards

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    • Standards by country

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    • Standards by organization

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    • Standards by type

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    • Economic classification systems

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    • EN standards

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    • GOST standards

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    • International standards

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    • Lists of standards

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    • Open standards

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    • Software engineering standards

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    • Standards organizations

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    • Technical specifications

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    • Test items

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    • Standards and measurement stubs

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    • 4-digit UNESCO Nomenclature

    • UNESCO Nomenclature (more properly UNESCO nomenclature for fields of science and technology) is a system developed by UNESCO for classification of research papers and doctoral dissertations. There are three versions of the system, offering different levels of refinement through 2-, 4-, and 6-digit codes. This article d ... Read »


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    • 6-digit UNESCO nomenclature

    • UNESCO Nomenclature (more properly UNESCO nomenclature for fields of science and technology) is a system developed by UNESCO for classification of research papers and doctoral dissertations. There are three versions of the system, offering different levels of refinement through 2-, 4-, and 6-digit codes. The follo ... Read »


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    • Advanced Distributed Learning

    • The Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Initiative is a US government program that conducts research and development on distributed learning and coordinates related efforts broadly across public and private organizations. ADL reports to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Education and Training (DASD(FE ... Read »


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    • Advanced Train Control System

    • An Advanced Train Control System (ATCS) is a system of railroad equipment designed to ensure safety by monitoring locomotive and train locations, providing analysis and reporting, and automating track warrants and similar orders. ATCS specifications are published by the Association of American Railroads (AAR), and are ... Read »


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    • AEP meter label format

    • The California Direct Access Standards setting process in 1997 identified the need to standardize the electric meter label identifier so as to create a unique identifier for every electric meter in the United States. The AEP meter label format is a recommended solution for this need. AEP meter label format follows ANS ... Read »


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    • Agricultural Information Management Standards

    • Agricultural Information Management Standards (AIMS)

      Agricultural Information Management Standards, abbreviated to AIMS is a space for accessing and discussing agricultural information management standards, tools and methodologies connecting information workers worldwide to build a global community of practice. Information management standards, tools and good practices c ... Read »


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    • Allied Standards Avionics Architecture Council

    • Allied Standards Avionics Architecture Council, or ASAAC, is an effort to define and validate a set of Open Architecture Standards for Avionics Architecture, particularly in the field of Integrated Modular Avionics. ASAAC is managed by the UK Ministry of Defence, and many major European Avionics companies participate ... Read »


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    • ANSI/ISEA 110-2003


    • APHA color

    • APHA color, also referred to as the Hazen scale, and more appropriately as the Platinum Cobalt(Pt/Co) scale, is a color standard named for the American Public Health Association and defined by ASTM D1209. It was originally intended to describe the color of waste water, but its usage has expanded to include other indust ... Read »


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    • Appellation d'origine contrôlée


    • ARINC 424

    • ARINC 424 or ARINC 424 Navigation System Data Base Standard is an international standard file format for aircraft navigation data maintained by Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee and published by Aeronautical Radio, Inc.. The ARINC 424 specifications are not a database, but a "standard for the preparation and tr ... Read »


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    • ARINC 429

    • ARINC 429, "Mark33 Digital Information Transfer System (DITS)," also known as Aeronautical Radio INC. (ARINC) is the technical standard for the predominant avionics data bus used on most higher-end commercial and transport aircraft. It defines the physical and electrical interfaces of a two-wire data bus and a data pro ... Read »


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    • ARINC 653

    • ARINC 653 (Avionics Application Standard Software Interface) is a software specification for space and time partitioning in safety-critical avionics real-time operating systems (RTOS). It allows the hosting of multiple applications of different software levels on the same hardware in the context of an Integrated Modula ... Read »


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    • ARINC 661

    • ARINC 661 is a standard which aims to normalize the definition of a Cockpit Display System (CDS), and the communication between the CDS and User Applications (UA) which manage aircraft avionics functions. The GUI definition is completely defined in binary Definition Files (DF). The CDS software is constituted of a ker ... Read »


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    • AS3959

    • AS3959 is an Australian Standard for construction of homes in bushfire prone zones. The latest version AS3959:2009 was hurried into release after the devastation of "Black Saturday" bushfires, which killed 173 people and destroyed over 2,000 homes. The latest release of AS3959 has significant changes, bringing major c ... Read »


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    • ASME B5

    • ASME B5 refers to a technical committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the standard they maintain which deals with machine tools. As a Standards Development Organization, ASME continues to develop and maintains nearly 600 codes and standards in a wide range of disciplines including pressure te ... Read »


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    • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)

    • The ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) is an American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standard that regulates the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. The document is written and maintained by volunteers chosen for their technical expertise . The American Society of Mechanical Engineer ... Read »


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    • ATEX directive

    • The ATEX directive consists of two EU directives describing what equipment and work environment is allowed in an environment with an explosive atmosphere. ATEX derives its name from the French title of the 94/9/EC directive: Appareils destinés à être utilisés en ATmosphères EXplosibles. As of July 2 ... Read »


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    • Augmented Reality Markup Language

    • The Augmented Reality Markup Language (ARML) is a data standard to describe and interact with augmented reality (AR) scenes. It has been developed within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) by a dedicated ARML 2.0 Standards Working Group. ARML consists of both an XML grammar to describe the location and appearance of ... Read »


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    • Automotive Industry Standards

    • The Automotive Industry Standards are the automotive technical specifications of India. They are based on the UNECE norms. The automotive regulations in India are governed by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRT&H) which is the nodal ministry for regulation of the automotive sector in India. In India ... Read »


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    • B16 Standardization of Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Gaskets

    • ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) is a non-profit organization that continues to develop and maintains nearly 600 codes and standards in a wide range of disciplines. Some of which includes the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC), Elevators and Escalators (A17 Series), Piping and Pipelines (B31 Series), ... Read »


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    • Best current practice

    • A Best Current Practice (BCP) is a de facto level of performance in engineering and information technology. It is more flexible than a standard, since techniques and tools are continually evolving. The Internet Engineering Task Force publishes Best Current Practice documents in a numbered document series. Each documen ... Read »


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    • Biodiesel standard

    • Biodiesel has a number of standards for its quality. The European standard for biodiesel is EN 14214, which is translated into the respective national standards for each country that forms the CEN (European Committee for Standardization) area e.g., for the United Kingdom, BS EN 14214 and for Germany DIN EN 14214. It m ... Read »


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    • Broadcast Exchange Format

    • Broadcast Exchange Format (BXF) is an SMPTE standard for data exchange in the broadcasting industry. BXF was developed to replace various archaic types of exchange for playlists, record lists and other data in broadcasting. Version 1.0 (SMPTE standard 2021) was published in 2008. Over 150 SMPTE members have been i ... Read »


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    • BS ISO 20022-1

    • BS ISO 20022-1 is a standard about financial services. Overall methodology and format specifications for inputs to and outputs from the ISO 20022 repository. There are some key words related to this norm: Securities, Messages, Dictionaries, Databases, Data layout, Data organization, Data processing, banking documents, ... Read »


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    • BSI PAS 2060

    • PAS 2060 is a specification detailing how to demonstrate carbon neutrality produced and published by the British Standards Institution. The British Standards Institution announced the development of the PAS 2060 Standard for Carbon Neutrality in October 2009 with the objective of increasing transparency of carbon ... Read »


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    • Business Process Framework (eTOM)

    • The Business Process Framework is a operating model framework for telecom service providers in the telecommunications industry. The model describes the required business processes of service providers, and defines key elements and how they should interact. The Business Process Framework (eTOM) is a standard maintained ... Read »


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    • Calibration

    • Calibration in measurement technology and metrology is the comparison of measurement values delivered by a device under test with those of a calibration standard of known accuracy. Such a standard could be another measurement device of known accuracy, a device generating the quantity to be measured such as a voltage, o ... Read »


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    • Canadian Reference Materials

    • Canadian Reference Materials (CRM) are certified reference materials of high-quality and reliability produced by the National Metrology Institute of Canada – the National Research Council Canada. The NRC Certified Reference Materials program is operated by the Measurement Science and Standards portfolio and provid ... Read »


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    • CANaerospace

    • CANaerospace is a higher layer protocol based on Controller Area Network (CAN) which has been developed by Stock Flight Systems in 1998 for aeronautical applications. CANaerospace supports airborne systems employing the Line-replaceable unit (LRU) concept to share data across CAN and ensures interoperability betwe ... Read »


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    • Capability Maturity Model Integration

    • Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) is a process level improvement training and appraisal program. Administered by the CMMI Institute, a subsidiary of ISACA, it was developed at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). It is required by many DoD and U.S. Government contracts, especially in software development. CMU c ... Read »


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    • CEA 2030

    • CEA 2030 Multi-Room Audio Cabling Standard defines cabling and connectors for use in distributing analog and digital audio signals throughout a home. It is developed by the R3 Audio Systems Committee of the Consumer Electronics Association or CEA. The Electronic Industries Alliance or EIA now known as the Consumer Ele ... Read »


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    • Certification mark

    • A certification mark on a commercial product often indicates the existence of an accepted product standard and a claim that the manufacturer has tested the product to verify compliance with that standard. The specific specification, test methods, and frequency of testing are published by the standards organization. Cer ... Read »


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    • Certified reference materials

    • Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) are ‘controls’ or standards used to check the quality and metrological traceability of products, to validate analytical measurement methods, or for the calibration of instruments. A certified reference material is a particular form of measurement standard. Reference mater ... Read »


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    • Chinese National Standards

    • The national standards of the Republic of China administering Taiwan, Penghu, Quemoy and Matsu are titled National Standards of the Republic of China (CNS) (中華民國國家標準). They are administered by the Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection of the Ministry of Economic Affairs. ... Read »


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    • COEKG

    • COEKG is the Colorado EKG Repository, Inc. This non profit corporation was established in 2005 by a concerned group of volunteer physicians, patients, lawyers, lawmakers and internet professionals. COEKG is an independent project supervised by the Colorado Medical Society to provide unbiased, nonprofit oversight and g ... Read »


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    • Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information

    • The Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information (CGI), usually referred to by the unofficial "Commission for Geoscience Information" is a daughter or major subcommittee grade scientific daughter organization that concerns itself with geological standard, information management and interopera ... Read »


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    • Common Building Block

    • Common Building Block (CBB) was a set of technical standards for laptop components introduced by Intel in 2005, and adopted by some manufacturers. In 2004, the Common Building Block program promoted the use of industry-accepted mechanical and electrical specifications for three notebook components: 14.1-inch, 15-inch, ... Read »


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    • Common Reporting Standard

    • The Common Reporting Standard (CRS) is an information standard for the automatic exchange of tax and financial information on a global level, which the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) developed in 2014. Its purpose is to combat tax evasion. The idea was based on the USA Foreign Account Tax ... Read »


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    • Community Identification Number

    • The Official Municipality Key, formerly also known as the Official Municipality Characteristic Number or Municipality Code Number, is a number sequence for the identification of politically independent municipalities or unincorporated areas. Other classifications for the identification of areas include postal codes, NU ... Read »


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    • CompactPCI

    • CompactPCI is a computer bus interconnect for industrial computers, combining a Eurocard-type connector and PCI signaling and protocols. Boards are standardized to 3U or 6U sizes, and are typically interconnected via a passive backplane. The connector pin assignments are standardized by the PICMG US and PICMG Europe or ... Read »


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    • Conformance testing

    • Conformance testing or type testing is testing to determine whether a product or system or just a medium complies with the requirements of a specification, contract or regulation. This may apply to various technical terms as well as to pure formal terms with respect to obligations of the contractors. Conformity assessm ... Read »


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    • Consistency (suspension)

    • Consistency is a term used in the pulp and paper making industry. The consistency of a suspension is defined as: C=x/(x+y){\displaystyle C=x/(x+y)} Where C is consistency, x is the mass of pulp, and y is the mass of the rest of the suspension (usually mainly composed of water). ... Read »


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    • Consumer Electronics Control

    • Consumer Electronics Control (CEC) is a feature of HDMI designed to allow users to command and control devices connected through HDMI by using only one remote control. For example by using the remote control of a television set to control a set-top box and or DVD player. Up to 15 devices can be controlled. CEC also all ... Read »


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    • Content Management Interoperability Services

    • CMIS

      Content Management Interoperability Services (CMIS) is an open standard that allows different content management systems to inter-operate over the Internet. Specifically, CMIS defines an abstraction layer for controlling diverse document management systems and repositories using web . CMIS defines a domain model p ... Read »


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    • Context management

    • Context management is a dynamic computer process that uses 'subjects' of data in one application, to point to data resident in a separate application also containing the same subject. Context management allows users to choose a subject once in one application, and have all other applications containing information on ... Read »


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    • CSA Z299

    • CSA CAN3-Z299 is a series of quality assurance standards developed by the Canadian Standards Association in the 1970s. It is an alternative to the ISO 9000 series of standards. The stated objectives of the Z299 series of standards are: (a) “To provide customers with assurance that products or services of the requ ... Read »


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    • Datex2

    • DATEX II is a standard developed for information exchange between traffic management centres developed in line with the ITS Action Plan. ... Read »


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    • De facto standard

    • A de facto standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (such as early entrance to the market). De facto is a Latin phrase in fact (literally by or from fact) in the sense of "in practice but not necessarily ordained by law" or "in practice or actuality ... Read »


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    • Digital Standards Organization

    • An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage. The terms open and standard have a wide range of meanings assoc ... Read »


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    • Drug reference standard

    • A drug reference standard is a standardized substance which is used as a measurement base for similar substances. Where the exact active substances of a new drug are not known, a reference standard provides a calibrated level of biological effects against which new preparations of the drug can be compared. drug referen ... Read »


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    • Electrical system design

    • Electrical system design is the design of electrical systems. This can be as simple as a flashlight cell connected through two wires to a light bulb or as involved as the space shuttle. Electrical systems are groups of electrical components connected to carry out some operation. Often the systems are combined with othe ... Read »


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    • EMVA1288

    • EMVA1288 is an electronic measurement standard developed by the European Machine Vision Association (EMVA). Its purpose is to define the methods to measure and characterize image sensors and cameras that are used in machine vision. It also provides rules and guidelines on how to report results and how to write device d ... Read »


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    • ETSI Satellite Digital Radio

    • ETSI Satellite Digital Radio (SDR or ETSI SDR) describes a standard of satellite digital radio. It is an activity of the European standardisation organisation ETSI. It addresses systems where a satellite broadcast directly to mobile and handheld receivers in L band or S band and is complemented by terrestrial transmit ... Read »


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    • European Certification Body

    • „European Certification Body“ (ECB) is a since 7 July 1992 accredited (ISO/IEC 17065) and neutral certification body for physical security products. It certifies according to (European Standards) – without any national additional requirements. ECB issues the ECB•S certification mark. Certified ... Read »


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    • European grid

    • The European grid is a proposed, multipurpose Pan-European mapping standard. It is based on the ETRS89 Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection coordinate reference system, with the centre of the projection at the point 52o N, 10o E and false easting: x0 = 4321000 m, false northing: y0 = 3210000 m (CRS identifier in Ins ... Read »


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    • Excavator controls

    • Excavator controls specifies ways of how a human operator controls the digging components (i.e. swing, boom, stick, bucket) of a piece of heavy machinery, such as a backhoe or an excavator. The most commonly used control pattern throughout the world is the ISO controls. In the ISO control pattern, the left hand jo ... Read »


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    • Extended Data Services

    • Extended Data Services (now XDS, previously EDS), is an American standard classified under Electronic Industries Alliance standard CEA-608-E[1] for the delivery of any ancillary data (metadata) to be sent with an analog television program, or any other NTSC video signal. XDS is used by TV stations, TV networks, and TV ... Read »


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    • Fair Tax Mark

    • The Fair Tax Mark is an independent accreditation awarded after an assessment based on "Transparency [and] tax rate, disclosure and avoidance"... As of January 2016, it is applicable to UK businesses. The process of assessing a company for the mark is intended to be initiated by the company that wants the mark. The ma ... Read »


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    • Federal Information Processing Standard state code

    • FIPS state codes were numeric and two-letter alphabetic codes defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard Publication ("FIPS PUB") 5-2 to identify U.S. states and certain other associated areas. The standard superseded FIPS PUB 5-1 on May 28, 1987, and was superseded on September 2, 2008, by ANSI standard I ... Read »


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    • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

    • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) are U.S. federal regulations specifying design, construction, performance, and durability requirements for motor vehicles and regulated Automobile safety-related components, systems, and design features. They are the U.S. counterpart to the UN Regulations developed by the ... Read »


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    • FIPS 201

    • FIPS 201 (Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 201) is a United States federal government standard that specifies Personal Identity Verification (PIV) requirements for Federal employees and contractors. In response to HSPD-12, the NIST Computer Security Division initiated a new program for improving the ... Read »


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    • FIPS county code

    • The FIPS county code is a five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code (FIPS 6-4) which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States, certain U.S. possessions, and certain freely associated states. The first two digits are the FIPS state code and the last three are the coun ... Read »


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    • FitSM

    • FitSM is the name for a family of standards for lightweight IT service management (ITSM). FitSM calls itself a standard, but is not published or managed by an established standards organisation like ISO. However, in a way very similar to that of many ISO and ISO/IEC standard families, it structures its documents i ... Read »


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    • Genealogical Proof Standard

    • The Genealogical Proof Standard (GPS) is a guideline for establishing the reliability ("proof") of a genealogical conclusion with reasonable certainty. It is important within the genealogical community for clearly communicating the quality of research performed, such as by a professional genealogist. It is also useful ... Read »


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    • General Exchange Format

    • General eXchange Format (GXF), is a file exchange format for the transfer of simple and compound clips between television program storage systems. It is a container format that can contain Motion JPEG (M-JPEG), MPEG, or DV-based video compression standards, with associated audio, time code, and user data that may inclu ... Read »


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    • Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles

    • The Generally Accepted Recordkeeping Principles (The Principles), were created by ARMA International as a common set of principles that describe the conditions under which business records and related information should be maintained. The eight principles are designed to identify the major hallmarks of effective I ... Read »


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    • German state railway norms

    • In German railway engineering, norms (Normalien) are standards for the design and production of railway vehicles. In the 1880s and 1890s, Prussian norms were developed for the locomotives, tenders and wagons of the Prussian state railways under the direction of the railway director responsible for railway engineering, ... Read »


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    • Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile

    • The Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile (GOSIP) was a specification that profiles open networking products for procurement by governments in the late 1980s and early 1990s. In practice, from 1995 interest in OSI implementations declined, and worldwide the deployment of standards-based networking services s ... Read »


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    • GS1 EDI

    • GS1 EDI is a set of global electronic messaging standards for business documents used in Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). The standards are developed and maintained by GS1. GS1 EDI is part of the overall GS1 system, fully integrated with other GS1 standards, increasing the speed and accuracy of the supply chain. Exam ... Read »


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    • HABU equivalent

    • The HABU equivalent is a unit of measurement used by United States Department of Defense's High Performance Computing Modernization Program to evaluate the performance of large computers systems. "The [HPCMP method for measuring system performance] is as follows: the ratio of time [for a given benchmark application] a ... Read »


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    • Harmonization (standards)

    • In standards, harmonization is the process of minimizing redundant or conflicting standards which may have evolved independently. The concept borrows from the process to harmonize discordant music. The goal is to find commonalities, identify critical requirements that need to be retained, and provide a common standar ... Read »


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    • Harmonized System

    • The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, also known as the Harmonized System (HS) of tariff nomenclature is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers to classify traded products. It came into effect in 1988 and has since been developed and maintained by the World Customs Organization (W ... Read »


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    • HDMI

    • HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface)

      HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digi ... Read »


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    • High-resolution high-definition

    • HRHD (high-resolution high-definition) (also HR, HRHDTV, or HR.HDTV) is an initialism referring to an image resolution derived from high-definition video, often seen as part of the filename of TV shows shared on the Internet. HRHD is an unofficial standard of encoding video, meaning that the video signal was ripped dir ... Read »


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    • Technical standards in Hong Kong

    • As a former British colony and territory, technical standards in Hong Kong of today has been largely influenced by that of the United Kingdom, with some exceptions due to local and practical considerations. Before the legislation of the Electrical Products Regulation (a few years prior to the handover in 1997), Britis ... Read »


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    • IBM TSM HSM for Windows

    • "IBM Tivoli Storage Manager HSM for Windows" is an HSM product for Microsoft Windows which allows policy based archival of files out of NTFS and into IBM Tivoli Storage Manager. In its place is left a stub file with offline bit set and a matching reparse point. Access to the file is transparently provided by DMAPI driv ... Read »


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    • IDEF

    • IDEF, initially abbreviation of ICAM Definition, renamed in 1999 as Integration DEFinition, refers to a family of modeling languages in the field of systems and software engineering. They cover a wide range of uses, from functional modeling to data, simulation, object-oriented analysis/design and knowledge acquisition. ... Read »


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    • IEEE P1906.1

    • The IEEE P1906.1 - Recommended Practice for Nanoscale and Molecular Communication Framework is a standards working group sponsored by the IEEE Communications Society Standards Development Board whose goal is to develop a common framework for nanoscale and molecular communication. Because this is an emerging technology, ... Read »


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    • IEST-STD-CC1246D

    • IEST-STD-CC1246D, published in 2002,is the latest revision of MIL-STD-1246D. This all came about in 1997, the Army Missile Command commissioned the Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST) to revise and adopt MIL-STD-1246 as an industry standard as its usefulness had expanded far beyond military applic ... Read »


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    • Image and Scanner Interface Specification

    • Image and Scanner Interface Specification (ISIS) is an industry standard interface for image scanning technologies, developed by Pixel Translations in 1990 (today: EMC captiva). ISIS is an open standard for scanner control and a complete image-processing framework. It is currently supported by a number of application ... Read »


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    • Implementation Rule

    • The Implementation Rules are regulations of the PRC, which set the framework of the valid product standards. For each product group there is a specific implementation rule, which is set by the Chinese authorities. The Implementation Rules include 12 or 13 chapters, which determine the scope of the product certific ... Read »


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    • IMS VDEX

    • IMS VDEX, which stands for IMS Vocabulary Definition Exchange, is a mark-up language – or grammar – for controlled vocabularies developed by IMS Global as an open specification, with the Final Specification being approved in February 2004. IMS VDEX allows the exchange and expression of simple machine-readabl ... Read »


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    • Index of standards articles

    • Articles related to standards include: ... Read »


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    • Information Criteria

    • Information Criteria are a core component of the COBIT Framework that describes the intent of the objectives, namely the control of: Effectiveness deals with information being relevant and pertinent to the business process as well as being delivered in a timely, correct, consistent and usable manner. Efficiency conce ... Read »


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    • Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology

    • The Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST) is a non-profit, technical society. Information on ISO 14644 and ISO 14698 standards can be found through this organization. Founded in 1953, the organization is headquartered in Arlington Heights, Illinois. Its members are internationally recognized in the ... Read »


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    • Integrated Software Dependent System

    • Integrated Software Dependent Systems (ISDS) is an offshore standard (DNV-OS-D203) and recommended practice guideline (DNV-RP-D201) covering systems and software verifications and classification of any integrated system that utilizes extensive software control. The ISDS Recommended Practice (DNV-RP-D201) was launched i ... Read »


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    • Inter-Range Instrumentation Group

    • The Inter-Range Instrumentation Group (IRIG) is the standards body of the Range Commanders Council (RCC). The group publishes standards through the RCC Secretariat at White Sands Missile Range. The best known IRIG standard is the IRIG timecode used to timestamp video, film, telemetry, radar, and other data collected a ... Read »


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    • Interaction Flow Modeling Language

    • The Interaction Flow Modeling Language (IFML) is a standardized modeling language in the field of software engineering. IFML includes a set of graphic notations to create visual models of user interactions and front-end behavior in software systems. The Interaction Flow Modeling Language was developed in 2012 and 2013 ... Read »


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    • International Classification for Standards

    • International Classification for Standards (ICS) is an international classification system for technical standards. It is designed to cover every economic sector and virtually every activity of the humankind where technical standards may be used. Developed and maintained by the International Organization for Standardi ... Read »


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    • International Register of Certificated Auditors

    • The International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA) was formed in London in 1984 as part of the British government's enterprise initiative, designed to make industry and business more competitive through the implementation of quality principles and practices. Over 30,000 auditors have been awarded professional c ... Read »


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    • International Standards on Auditing

    • International Standards on Auditing (ISA) are professional standards for the performance of financial audit of financial information. These standards are issued by International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) through the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB). According to Olung M (CAO - L) ISA ... Read »


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    • International Terrestrial Reference System

    • The International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS) describes procedures for creating reference frames suitable for use with measurements on or near the Earth's surface. This is done in much the same way that a physical standard might be described as a set of procedures for creating a realization of that standard. Th ... Read »


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    • Interprovincial Standards

    • The Red Seal Interprovincial Standards Program, also known as Red Seal or simply IP, is a set of trade qualifications in Canada, jointly administered by the Federal, Provincial and Territorial governments. The program has run since 1959. The 1995 Agreement on Internal Trade, agreed upon by all provinces and territorie ... Read »


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    • ISAE 3000

    • ISAE 3000 is the standard for assurance over non-financial information. ISAE 3000 is issued by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC). The standard consists of guidelines for the ethical behavior, quality management and performance of an ISAE 3000 engagement. Generally ISAE 3000 is applied for ... Read »


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    • ISAE 3402

    • ISAE 3402 is an assurance standard. The title is "Assurance Reports on Controls at a Service Organization". It was published in June 2011 as a standard for documenting that a service organisation has adequate internal controls; although often approached from a financial reporting perspective, such as Sarbanes-Oxley, it ... Read »


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    • ISM Mastery Model

    • The ISM Mastery Model is a comprehensive set of competency-based standards of excellence for supply management practitioners and executives worldwide. It was created by Institute for Supply Management® (ISM), the oldest and one of the largest supply management associations in the world. The perception of supply ... Read »


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    • ISO 55000

    • ISO 55000 is an international standard covering management of physical assets. Initially a Publicly Available Specification (PAS 55) published by the British Standards Institution in 2004, the ISO 55000 series of Asset Management standards was launched in January 2014. PAS 55 was originally produced in 2004 by a numbe ... Read »


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    • ISO/TC 251


    • ITU-R 468 noise weighting

    • ITU-R 468 (originally defined in CCIR recommendation 468-4; sometimes referred to as CCIR-1k) is a standard relating to noise measurement, widely used when measuring noise in audio systems. The standard, now referred to as ITU-R BS.468-4, defines a weighting filter curve, together with a quasi-peak rectifier having spe ... Read »


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    • ITU-R P.525

    • ITU-R P.525 is the International Telecommunications Union radiocommunications standard for the calculation of free-space attenuation. ... Read »


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    • JavaPOS

    • JavaPOS (short for Java for Point of Sale Devices), is a standard for interfacing point of sale (POS) software, written in Java, with the specialized hardware peripherals typically used to create a point-of-sale system. The advantages are reduced POS terminal costs, platform independence, and reduced administrative cos ... Read »


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    • JWL standard

    • The JWL standard (Japan Light Alloy Wheel standard) is a set of requirements for alloy wheels set by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (Japan) that must be met for all passenger cars in Japan. The JWL mark, cast or forged into the wheel, indicates that the wheel has been self-certified by its ... Read »


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    • Kauri-butanol value

    • The Kauri-butanol value ("Kb value") is an international, standardized measure of solvent power for a hydrocarbon solvent, and is governed by an ASTM standardized test, ASTM D1133. The result of this test is a scaleless index, usually referred to as the "Kb value". A higher Kb value means the solvent is more aggressive ... Read »


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    • Learning object metadata

    • Learning Object Metadata is a data model, usually encoded in XML, used to describe a learning object and similar digital resources used to support learning. The purpose of learning object metadata is to support the reusability of learning objects, to aid discoverability, and to facilitate their interoperability, usuall ... Read »


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    • Letter and digit code

    • The letter and digit code for resistance and capacitance values and tolerances, which is also known as RKM code or "R notation", is a notation to specify resistor and capacitor values defined in the international standard IEC 60062 (formerly IEC 62) since 1952. It is also adopted by various other standards including DI ... Read »


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    • Link 4

    • Link 4 is a non-secure data link used for providing vector commands to USAF and other NATO fighter aircraft. It is a netted, time division link operating in the UHF band at 5,000 bits per second. There are 2 separate "Link 4s": Link 4A and Link 4C. Link 4A TADIL C is one of several Tactical Data Links now in operation ... Read »


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    • MIL-DTL-13486

    • M13486 (MIL-C-13486 or MIL-DTL-13486) is a frequently used MIL-SPEC wire and a heavy duty vehicle and aircraft electrical cable. The MIL-DTL-13486 military specification was last revised in May 2006 and was originally created by the Department of Defense. The specification typically covers special purpose electrical c ... Read »


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    • Military Load Classification

    • The Military Load Classification (MLC) is a system of standards used by NATO to classify the safe amount of load a surface can withstand. Load-carrying capacity is shown in whole numbers for vehicles, bridges, roads, and routes. Vehicles are classified by weight, type, and effect on routes. Bridges, roads, and routes a ... Read »


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    • Mobile High-Definition Link

    • MHL (Mobile High-Definition Link)

      Mobile High-Definition Link (MHL) is an industry standard for a mobile audio/video interface that allows the connection of mobile phones, tablets, and other portable consumer electronics (CE) devices to high-definition televisions (HDTVs) and audio receivers. MHL-enabled products include adapters, automotive accessorie ... Read »


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    • Molecular reference standards

    • Molecular/Genomic reference standards are a class of ‘controls’ or standards used to check the performance of molecular diagnostic assays. Molecular/Genomic Reference Materials (RMs) are selected or engineered to model a specific genetic biomarker as it occurs in a patient biopsy. Reference materials (RM) are ... Read »


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    • Multi-source agreement

    • A multi-source agreement (MSA) is an agreement between multiple manufacturers to make products which are compatible across vendors, acting as de facto standards, establishing a competitive market for interoperable products. Products that adhere to multi-source agreements (MSAs) include: optical transceivers, such as t ... Read »


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    • NATO Interoperability Standards and Profiles

    • NATO, through its interoperability directive, has recognized that widespread interoperability is a key component in achieving effective and efficient operations. In many of the operations world-wide in which NATO nations are engaged, they participate together with a wide variety of other organizations on the ground. Su ... Read »


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    • Nexus (data format)

    • NeXus is a common data format for neutron, x-ray, and muon science. It is being developed as an international standard by scientists and programmers representing major scientific facilities in Europe, Asia, Australia, and North America in order to facilitate greater cooperation in the analysis and visualization of neut ... Read »


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    • NIST Special Publication 800-37

    • NIST Special Publication 800-37, "Guide for Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems" was developed by the Joint Task Force Transformation Initiative Working Group. It aims to transform the traditional Certification and Accreditation (C&A) process into the six-step Risk management framework ... Read »


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    • Nordic Institute of Dental Materials

    • Nordic Institute of Dental Materials AS

      The Nordic Institute of Dental Materials AS (NIOM AS) is the Nordic Cooperative Body for dental biomaterials. The Institute’s activities in research, materials testing, standardisation and research-based consulting are directed towards dental health services and health authorities in the Nordic countries. The Inst ... Read »


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    • Norma Oficial Mexicana

    • The Norma Oficial Mexicana (Official Mexican Standard), abbreviated NOM, is the name of each of a series of official, compulsory standards and regulations for diverse activities in Mexico. They are more commonly referred to as NOMs or normas. The standards are prepared by the Dirección General de Normas (DGN) (Gene ... Read »


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    • OBIX

    • oBIX (for Open Building Information Exchange) is a standard for RESTful Web Services-based interfaces to building control systems. oBIX is about reading and writing data over a network of devices using XML and URIs, within a framework specifically designed for building automation. Building control systems include thos ... Read »


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    • OEmbed

    • oEmbed is an open format designed to allow embedding content from a website into another page. An oEmbed exchange occurs between a consumer and a provider. A consumer wishes to show an embedded representation of a third-party resource on their own website, such as a photo or an embedded video. A provider implements th ... Read »


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    • OGC Reference Model

    • The OGC Reference Model describes a framework for the ongoing work of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and their specifications and implementing interoperable solutions and applications for geospatial services, data, and applications. It is not an OGC standard. It has the following purposes: ... Read »


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    • Open standard

    • An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage. The terms open and standard have a wide range of meanings assoc ... Read »


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    • Open-source model

    • The open-source model is a decentralized development model that encourages open collaboration. A main principle of open-source software development is peer production, with products such as source code, blueprints, and documentation freely available to the public. The open-source movement in software began as a respons ... Read »


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    • OpenACC

    • OpenACC (for open accelerators) is a programming standard for parallel computing developed by Cray, CAPS, Nvidia and PGI. The standard is designed to simplify parallel programming of heterogeneous CPU/GPU systems. Like in OpenMP, the programmer can annotate C, C++ and Fortran source code to identify the areas that sho ... Read »


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    • OPOS

    • OPOS, full name OLE for Retail POS, a platform specific implementation of UnifiedPOS, is a point of sale device standard for Microsoft Windows operating systems that was initiated by Microsoft, NCR, Epson, and Fujitsu-ICL and is managed by the Association for Retail Technology Standards. The OPOS API was first publishe ... Read »


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    • Orange-Book-Standard

    • Orange-Book-Standard (Az. KZR 39/06) is a decision issued on May 6, 2009 by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany (German: Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) on the interaction between patent law and standards, and more generally between intellectual property law and competition law. The Court held that a defendant, accused of ... Read »


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    • OSEK

    • OSEK (Offene Systeme und deren Schnittstellen für die Elektronik in Kraftfahrzeugen; English: "Open Systems and their Interfaces for the Electronics in Motor Vehicles") is a standards body that has produced specifications for an embedded operating system, a communications stack, and a network management protocol for ... Read »


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    • PAS 78

    • PAS 78: Guide to good practice in commissioning accessible websites is a Publicly Available Specification published on March 8, 2006 by the British Standards Institution (BSI) in collaboration with the Disability Rights Commission (DRC). It provides guidance to organisations in how to go about commissioning an accessib ... Read »


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    • PAS 79

    • PAS 79 (Fire risk assessment – Guidance and a recommended methodology) is a Publicly Available Specification published by the British Standards Institution. This PAS gives guidance and corresponding examples of documentation for undertaking, and recording the significant findings of, fire risk assessments in buil ... Read »


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    • BSI PAS 100

    • The British Composting Association worked to establish an industry standard for composts, the BSI PAS 100 certified by the British Standards Institution. The specification covers the entire process; from raw materials and production methods, through quality control and lab testing ensuring certified composts are quali ... Read »


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    • PAS 777

    • PAS 777:2013 is a Publicly Available Specification published by the British Standards Institution in October 2013 entitled “Specification for the qualification and labelling of used automotive engines and any related transmission units”. The PAS777 uses a five-level assessment for six items of a used engine ... Read »


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    • PAS 2010

    • PAS 2010 is a Publicly Available Specification published by the British Standards Institution. It is particularly relevant to land use and spatial planning in terrestrial, coastal and freshwater environments, but its principles can also be applied to planning in the marine environment. It shows where and how competent ... Read »


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    • PC System Design Guide

    • The PC System Design Guide (also known as the PC 97, PC 98, PC 99, or PC 2001 specification) is a series of hardware design requirements and recommendations for IBM PC compatible personal computers, compiled by Microsoft and Intel Corporation during 1997–2001. They were aimed at helping manufacturers provide hardw ... Read »


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    • Personnel certification body

    • A Personnel Certification Body is an organization that awards credentials to individuals meeting specific competence requirements relating to a profession, an occupation, a job or a portion of a job. A personnel certification body develops criteria against which an individual needs to demonstrate competencies and ensur ... Read »


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    • Pipeline Open Data Standard

    • Since its inception, the PODS Association has supported continued development of the PODS Data Model in order to meet the needs of the pipeline industry. Government regulation and technological advancement of integrity and risk management applications have driven much of this progress. PODS 2.0, released in 2001, with ... Read »


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    • Portland Orange

    • Portland Orange

      Portland Orange is the color of light emitted by the dont walk phase of pedestrian crossing signals in the United States and Canada. The color was chosen to avoid confusion in poor visibility with regular traffic lights. Its chromaticity is specified by the Institute of Transportation Engineers in that body's technica ... Read »


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    • PP 7312

    • PP 7312:2002 Structural Design comprises extracts from British Standards for students of structural design. The study guide and reference used in the United Kingdom by Civil Engineering students to learn structural design. Currently it is being replaced by the Eurocodes as the UK comes in line with the EU. Essentiall ... Read »


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    • Primary Atomic Reference Clock in Space

    • The Primary Atomic Reference Clock in Space or PARCS was an atomic-clock mission scheduled to fly on the International Space Station (ISS) in 2008, but cancelled to make way for the Vision for Space Exploration. The mission, to have been funded by NASA, involved a laser-cooled caesium atomic clock, and a time-transfer ... Read »


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    • PRODML

    • PRODML is a family of XML and Web Services based upstream oil and natural gas industry standards from Energistics and its PRODML Special Interest Group (PRODML SIG). PRODML Standards support automated production data acquisition, operations monitoring, optimization, reporting, and configuration management business pro ... Read »


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    • Professional certification

    • Professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation, often called simply certification or qualification, is a designation earned by a person to assure qualification to perform a job or task. Not all certifications that use post-nominal letters are an acknowledgement of educational achievement, ... Read »


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    • Professional certification (business)

    • A professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation (often called simply certification or qualification) is a designation earned by a person to assure that he/she is qualified to perform a job or task. Certifications, generally, need to be renewed periodically, or may be valid for a specific ... Read »


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    • Professional Evaluation and Certification Board


    • Profile (engineering)

    • In standardization, a profile is a subset internal to a specification. Aspects of a complex technical specification may necessarily have more than one interpretation, and there are probably many optional features. These aspects constitute a profile of the standard. Two implementations engineered from the same descripti ... Read »


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    • PTCRB

    • PTCRB

      The PTCRB was established in 1997 as the certification forum by select North American cellular operators. Now a pseudo-acronym, it no longer stands for its original meaning of the PCS Type Certification Review Board (then named after the GSM1900 MHz band in North America). The purpose of the PTCRB is to provide the fr ... Read »


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    • Publicly Available Specification

    • A Publicly Available Specification or PAS is a standardization document that closely resembles a formal standard in structure and format but which has a different development model. The objective of a Publicly Available Specification is to speed up standardization. PASs are often produced in response to an urgent marke ... Read »


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    • Qualimetry

    • Qualimetry is a scientific discipline which concerns itself with the methods and problems of quantification of the quality of any object: things or processes, whether natural or man-made, products of labour or nature, whether living or inanimate, etc. It is a scientific theory of the quantitative determination of qual ... Read »


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    • Quality infrastructure

    • Quality infrastructure relates to all fields of metrology, standardization and testing, of quality management and conformity assessment, including certification and accreditation. In the past, the abbreviation MSTQ (Metrology, Standardization, Testing and Quality Assurance) was used for this combination of single eleme ... Read »


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    • RAL colour standard

    • RAL is a colour matching system used in Europe that is created and administrated by the German RAL gGmbH (RAL non-profit LLC), which is a subsidiary of the German RAL Institute. In colloquial speech RAL refers to the RAL Classic system, mainly used for varnish and powder coating but nowadays there are reference panels ... Read »


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    • Reasonable and non-discriminatory licensing

    • Reasonable and non-discriminatory terms (RAND), also known as fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory terms (FRAND), denote a voluntary licensing commitment that standards organizations often request from the owner of an intellectual property right (usually a patent) that is, or may become, essential to practice a tec ... Read »


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    • Reference implementation

    • In the software development process, a reference implementation (or, less frequently, sample implementation or model implementation) is the standard from which all other implementations and corresponding customizations are derived. An improvement to a reference implementation reflects an unchanging specification. Conve ... Read »


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    • Registration authority

    • Registration Authorities exist for many standards organizations, such as the Object Management Group, W3C, IEEE and others. In general, Registration Authorities all perform a similar function, in promoting the use of a particular standard through facilitating its use. This may be by applying the standard, where appropr ... Read »


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    • Reusable Asset Specification

    • Reusable Asset Specification is an Object Management Group standard to package digital artifacts. The specification is a set of guidelines and recommendations about the structure, content, and descriptions of reusable software assets. The main purpose of RAS is to increase the reusability of the software assets by enco ... Read »


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    • SA8000

    • SA8000 is an auditable certification standard that encourages organizations to develop, maintain, and apply socially acceptable practices in the workplace. It was developed in 1997 by Social Accountability International, formerly the Council on Economic Priorities, by an advisory board consisting of trade unions, NGOs, ... Read »


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    • SAE JA1002

    • Known as the "Software Reliability Program Standard", SAE JA1002 was published in January 2004 by the Society of Automotive Engineers. It is a standard that provides a framework for the management of software reliability within system reliability requirements. It is intended to serve the needs of industry organizations ... Read »


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    • School bus yellow

    • School bus yellow

      School bus yellow is a color which was especially formulated for use on school buses in North America in 1939. The color is now officially known in Canada and the U.S. as National School Bus Glossy Yellow and was originally called National School Bus Chrome. The pigment used for this color was, for a long time, the lea ... Read »


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    • Lisa Seeman

    • Lisa Seeman is an inventor and an entrepreneur and has been instrumental in creating standards for interoperability and accessibility. She currently works for Athena ICT. Seeman headed a government funded incubator project that culminated into an independent company (UB Access). In 2006, UB Access was sold to Aeq ... Read »


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    • Service catalog

    • A service catalog (or catalogue), is an organized and curated collection of any and all business and information technology related services that can be performed by, for, or within an enterprise. Service catalogs act as knowledge management tools for the employees and consultants of an enterprise, allowing them to ro ... Read »


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    • Service Interface for Real Time Information

    • The Service Interface for Real Time Information or SIRI is an XML protocol to allow distributed computers to exchange real time information about public transport services and vehicles. The protocol is a CEN technical specification, developed with initial participation by France, Germany (Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunt ... Read »


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    • Specification (technical standard)

    • There are different types of specifications, which generally are mostly types of documents, forms or orders or relates to information in databases. The word specification is defined as "to state explicitly or in detail" or "to be specific". A specification may refer to a type of technical standard (the main topic of th ... Read »


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    • SSAE 16

    • Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements (SSAE) 16 is an auditing standard for service organizations, superseding SAS 70. The latter's "service auditor’s examination" is replaced by a "Service Organization Controls" (SOC) report. SSAE 16 was issued in April 2010, and became effective in June 2011; many o ... Read »


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    • Standard (warez)

    • Standards in the warez scene are defined by groups of people who have been involved in its activities for several years and have established connections to large groups. These people form a committee, which creates drafts for approval of the large groups. Outside the warez scene, often referred to as p2p, there are no ... Read »


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    • Standard conditions for temperature and pressure

    • Standard conditions for temperature and pressure are standard sets of conditions for experimental measurements to be established to allow comparisons to be made between different sets of data. The most used standards are those of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and the National Institute o ... Read »


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    • Standard time and frequency signal

    • The Standard Time and Frequency Signal (STFS) is a Radiocommunication service providing the transmission of specified frequency and time signal, of stated high precision, intended for general reception in the United States and beyond. The radio signals are broadcast on very precise carrier frequencies by the U.S. Naval ... Read »


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    • Standardization in oil industry

    • Purpose This site seeks to promote deeper standardization within the oil and energy industry by highlighting areas where standardization has worked very well and where it has not and why, and provoking discussions on the path forward for better standardization. The overall purpose of the document is to issue a guideli ... Read »


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    • Standardization

    • Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize , interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality. ... Read »


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    • Statistical interference

    • When two probability distributions overlap, statistical interference exists. Knowledge of the distributions can be used to determine the likelihood that one parameter exceeds another, and by how much. This technique can be used for dimensioning of mechanical parts, determining when an applied load exceeds the strength ... Read »


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    • SuperMHL

    • MHL (Mobile High-Definition Link)

      Mobile High-Definition Link (MHL) is an industry standard for a mobile audio/video interface that allows the connection of smartphones, tablets, and other portable consumer electronics devices to high-definition televisions (HDTVs) and audio receivers. The standard was designed to share existing mobile device connector ... Read »


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    • Symbols and conventions used in welding documentation

    • The symbols and conventions used in welding documentation are specified in national and international standards such as ISO 2553 Welded, brazed and soldered joints -- Symbolic representation on drawings and ISO 4063 Welding and allied processes -- Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers. The US standard symbols ... Read »


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    • System for Cross-domain Identity Management

    • System for Cross-domain Identity Management (SCIM) is an open standard for automating the exchange of user identity information between identity domains, or IT systems. For example, as a company hires and fires employees, they are added and removed from the company's electronic employee directory. SCIM could be used t ... Read »


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    • TARIC code

    • The TARIC code (TARif Intégré Communautaire; Integrated Tariff of the European Communities) is designed to show the various rules applying to specific products when imported into the EU. This includes the provisions of the harmonised system and the combined nomenclature but also additional provisions specified in ... Read »


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    • Technical standard

    • A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems. It is usually a formal document that establishes uniform engineering or technical criteria, methods, processes and practices. In contrast, a custom, convention, company product, corporate standard, and so forth that becomes gener ... Read »


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    • Trusted execution environment

    • The Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) is a secure area of the main processor. It guarantees code and data loaded inside to be protected with respect to confidentiality and integrity. The TEE as an isolated execution environment provides security features such as isolated execution, integrity of Trusted Applications a ... Read »


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    • UNESCO nomenclature

    • UNESCO Nomenclature (more properly UNESCO nomenclature for fields of science and technology) is a system developed by UNESCO for classification of research papers and doctoral dissertations. There are three versions of the system, offering different levels of refinement through 2-, 4-, and 6-digit codes. 11 Logic 12 M ... Read »


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    • UnifiedPOS

    • UnifiedPOS or UPOS is a world wide vendor- and retailer-driven Open Standard's initiative under the National Retail Federation, Association of Retail Technology Standards (NRF-ARTS) to provide vendor-neutral software application interfaces (APIs) for numerous (as of 2011, thirty-six) point of sale (POS) peripherals (PO ... Read »


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    • Uniform Tire Quality Grading

    • Uniform Tire Quality Grading, commonly abbreviated as UTQG, is the term encompassing a set of standards for passenger car tires that measures a tire's treadwear, temperature resistance and traction. The UTQG was created by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in 1978, a branch of the United States Departm ... Read »


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    • United States government safe and vault door specifications

    • General Services Administration-approved safes and vaults are certified high-security safes and vault doors for military and embassy applications. Each vault door under this specification meets stringent criteria and has passed the qualification tests and inspections performed at a Government test facility for the Gene ... Read »


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    • V-by-One HS

    • V-by-One HS is an electrical digital signaling standard that can run at faster speeds over inexpensive twisted-pair copper cables than Low-voltage differential signaling, or LVDS. It was originally developed by THine Electronics, Inc. in 2007 for high-definition televisions but since 2010 V-by-One HS has been widely ad ... Read »


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    • Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water

    • Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (VSMOW) is a water standard defining the isotopic composition of fresh water. It was promulgated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (based in Vienna) in 1968, and, since 1993, continues to be evaluated and studied by the IAEA along with the European Institute for Reference Materi ... Read »


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    • Volume (thermodynamics)

    • In thermodynamics, the volume of a system is an important extensive parameter for describing its thermodynamic state. The specific volume, an intensive property, is the system's volume per unit of mass. Volume is a function of state and is interdependent with other thermodynamic properties such as pressure and temperat ... Read »


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    • World Standards Day

    • World Standards Day (or International Standards Day) is celebrated internationally each year on 14 October. The day honours the efforts of the thousands of experts who develop voluntary standards within standards development organizations such as the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Organi ... Read »


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    • X3J13

    • X3J13 is the name of a technical committee which was part of INCITS (known at the time as X3). The X3J13 committee was formed in 1986 to draw up an ANSI Common Lisp standard based on the first edition of the book Common Lisp the Language (also known as "CLtL", or "CLtL1"), by Guy L. Steele, Jr., which was previously a ... Read »


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