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  • Speech and language pathology

    Speech and language pathology

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    • Audiology journals

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    • Communication disorders

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Communication disorders


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    • Language disorders

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Language disorders


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    • Speech and language pathologists

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    • Speech impediments

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    • Speech-language pathology

    • Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also called speech and language therapist, or speech therapist, who specializes in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of communication disorders, cognition, voice disorders, and swallowing diso ... Read »


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    • American Institute for Stuttering

    • The American Institute for Stuttering is an American nonprofit organization that provides universally affordable speech therapy to people who stutter. The organization, legally known as The American Institute for Stuttering Treatment and Professional Training, was founded in 1998 by speech-language pathologist Catherin ... Read »


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    • American Speech–Language–Hearing Association


    • Anomic aphasia

    • Anomic aphasia

      Anomic aphasia (also known as dysnomia, nominal aphasia, and amnesic aphasia) is a mild, fluent type of aphasia where an individual has word retrieval failures and cannot express the words they want to say (particularly nouns and verbs). Anomia is a deficit of expressive language. The most pervasive deficit in the apha ... Read »


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    • Aprosody

    • Aprosody (literally, without prosody) refers to the lack of variations in normal speech characteristics, such as speed, tone, and varied emphasis. It is mentioned in the context of medical diagnosis, similar to ataxia and aphasia. Aprosody can be seen in schizophrenia as well as a non dominant Broca lesion. ... Read »


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    • Assistive Technology Industry Association

    • The Assistive Technology Industry Association (ATIA) is a not-for-profit membership organization of manufacturers, sellers and providers of technology-based assistive devices and/or services, for people with disabilities. ATIA represents the interests of its members to business, government, education, and the many agen ... Read »


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    • Augmentative and alternative communication

    • Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is an umbrella term that encompasses the communication methods used to supplement or replace speech or writing for those with impairments in the production or comprehension of spoken or written language. AAC is used by those with a wide range of speech and language impai ... Read »


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    • Cluttering

    • Cluttering (also called tachyphemia or tachyphrasia) is a speech and communication disorder characterized by a rapid rate of speech, erratic rhythm, and poor syntax or grammar, making speech difficult to understand. Cluttering is a speech and communication disorder that has also been described as a fluency disorde ... Read »


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    • Communication disorder

    • A communication disorder is any disorder that affects an individual's ability to comprehend, detect, or apply language and speech to engage in discourse effectively with others. The delays and disorders can range from simple sound substitution to the inability to understand or use one's native language. Disorders ... Read »


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    • Compulsive talking

    • Compulsive talking (also known astalkaholism) goes beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking. The two main factors in determining if someone is a compulsive talker are talking in a continuous manner, only stopping when the other person starts talking, and others perceiving th ... Read »


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    • Dyslalia

    • Dyslalia means difficulties in talking due to structural defects in speech organs. It does not include speech impairment due to neurological or other factors. ... Read »


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    • FOXP2

    • FOXP2

      2AS5, 2A07 93986 n/a ENSG00000128573 n/a O15409Q75MZ5Q0PRL4Q8N6B6 n/a NM_148900 n/a NP_683698NP_001166237.1NP_683697.2 n/a Forkhead box protein P2 (FOXP2) is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the FOXP2 gene, also known as CAGH44, SPCH1 or TNRC10, and is required for proper development of speech and la ... Read »


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    • Hyperlexia

    • Hyperlexia is a syndrome characterized by a child's precocious ability to read, combined with difficulty in understanding and using verbal language, and problems with social interactions. It was initially identified by Norman E. Silberberg and Margaret C. Silberberg (1967), who defined it as the precocious ability to r ... Read »


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    • International Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication

    • The International Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication (ISAAC) was founded in May 1983 in East Lansing, Michigan, United States. Its stated purpose is to improve the communication abilities and quality of life of individuals with complex communication needs who use augmentative and alternative communi ... Read »


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    • KE family

    • The KE family is a medical name designated for a British family, about half of whom exhibit a severe speech disorder called developmental verbal dyspraxia. It is the first family with speech disorder to be investigated using genetic analyses, by which the speech impediment is discovered to be due to genetic mutation, a ... Read »


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    • Language delay

    • Language delay is a failure in children to develop language abilities on the usual age appropriate for their developmental timetable. Language delay is distinct from speech delay, in which the development of the mechanical and motor aspects of speech production is delayed. Oral communication is a two-stage process. Th ... Read »


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    • Language deprivation

    • Language deprivation is associated with the lack of linguistic stimuli that are necessary for the language acquisition processes in an individual, usually in a very impoverished environment. Experiments involving language deprivation are very scarce due to the ethical controversy associated with it. Roger Shattuck, an ... Read »


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    • Language disorder

    • Language disorders or language impairments are disorders that involve the processing of linguistic information. Problems that may be experienced can involve grammar (syntax and/or morphology), semantics (meaning), or other aspects of language. These problems may be receptive (involving impaired language comprehension), ... Read »


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    • Makaton

    • Makaton is a language programme designed to provide a means of communication to individuals who cannot communicate efficiently by speaking. The Makaton language programme has been used with individuals who have cognitive impairments, autism, Down syndrome, specific language impairment, multisensory impairment and acqui ... Read »


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    • Melodic Intonation Therapy

    • Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a therapeutic process used by music therapists and speech-language pathologists to help patients with communication disorders caused by damage to the left hemisphere of the brain. This method of therapy uses musical elements, including melody and rhythm, to improve expressive languag ... Read »


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    • Nasoendoscopy

    • In speech pathology and medicine, nasoendoscopy is the endoscopic examination of the velopharynx, or the nose, often with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the nostril. It can provide information to evaluate speech and velopharyngeal function or dysfunction, as in diseases such as s ... Read »


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    • National Center for Voice and Speech

    • The National Center for Voice and Speech (NCVS), is a multi-site research and teaching organization dedicated to studying the characteristics, limitations and enhancement of human voice and speech. The NCVS is located in Salt Lake City, Utah with the Lead Institution located at the University of Utah. NCVS is also a Ce ... Read »


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    • Online Speech Therapy

    • Online Speech Therapy or Telepractice is the use of technology to provide speech therapy via high speed internet, webcam, headset with microphone or any other form of communication. Online therapy is a clinical arrangement where the patient and a speech-language certified pathologist communicate and interact face-to-fa ... Read »


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    • Oral myology

    • Oral myology is the postural training of the tongue, lips and cheeks. This technique is used to retrain swallowing patterns or in speech therapy. It is important branch of educational psychology. ... Read »


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    • Partner-assisted scanning

    • Partner-assisted scanning or listener-assisted scanning is an augmentative and alternative communication technique used to enable a person with severe speech impairments to communicate. The approach is used with individuals who, due to sickness or disability, have severe motor impairments and good memory and attention ... Read »


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    • Phonological Awareness for Literacy

    • The Phonological Awareness for Literacy (PAL) Program (Burrows, Allison, Barnett, and Savina, 2007) is a commercial literacy therapy program for use by speech therapists designed to improve phonological awareness skills required for literacy in children aged 8 – 12. It aims to create/strengthen awareness of the re ... Read »


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    • Pragmatic language impairment

    • Pragmatic language impairment (PLI), or social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SCD), is an impairment in understanding pragmatic aspects of language. This type of impairment was previously called semantic-pragmatic disorder (SPD). Pragmatic language impairments are related to autism and Asperger syndrome, but also ... Read »


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    • Pulmonic sounds

    • In phonetics, the airstream mechanism is the method by which airflow is created in the vocal tract. Along with phonation and articulation, it is one of three main components of speech production. The airstream mechanism is mandatory for sound production and constitutes the first part of this process, which is called in ... Read »


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    • Signalong

    • Signalong is an alternative and augmentative key-word signing communication method used by those individuals with a speech, language and communication need. The Signalong methodology has been effectively used with individuals who have cognitive impairments, autism, Down’s Syndrome, specific language impairment, mu ... Read »


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    • Specific language impairment

    • Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child's language does not develop normally and the difficulties cannot be accounted for by generally slow development, physical abnormality of the speech apparatus, autism spectrum disorder, acquired brain damage or hearing loss. Twin studies have shown that it is ... Read »


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    • Speech acquisition

    • Speech acquisition focuses on the development of spoken language by a child. Speech consists of an organized set of sounds or phonemes that are used to convey meaning while language is an arbitrary association of symbols used according to prescribed rules to convey meaning. While grammatical and syntactic learning can ... Read »


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    • Speech and language assessment

    • Common speech and language therapy assessments include: Many assessments exist for investigating children's language. Here is a selection of commonly used assessments by speech and language therapy services in the UK: ... Read »


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    • Speech and language impairment

    • Speech and language impairment are basic categories that might be drawn in issues of communication involve hearing, speech, language, and fluency. A speech impairment is characterized by difficulty in articulation of words. Examples include stuttering or problems producing particular sounds. Articulation refers to the ... Read »


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    • Speech and language pathology in school settings

    • Speech-language pathology, also known as communication sciences and disorders in the United States, is a fast-growing profession that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, offers about 120,000 jobs in the United States alone. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) has 166,000 members, who are a ... Read »


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    • Speech Buddies

    • Speech Buddies are a series of speech therapy tools that are used to remediate articulation and speech sound disorders using the widely accepted teaching method of tactile feedback. Articulation, or speech sound disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing a sound correctly. Sounds may be left off, substitute ... Read »


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    • Speech disfluency

    • A speech disfluency, also spelled speech dysfluency, is any of various breaks, irregularities (within the English language, similar speech dysfluency occurs in different forms in other languages), or non-lexical vocables that occurs within the flow of otherwise fluent speech. These include false starts, i.e. words and ... Read »


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    • Speech disorder

    • Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type of communication disorder where 'normal' speech is disrupted. This can mean stuttering, lisps, etc. Someone who is unable to speak due to a speech disorder is considered mute. Classifying speech into normal and disordered is more problematic than it first seems. By ... Read »


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    • Speech error

    • A speech error, commonly referred to as a slip of the tongue (Latin: lapsus linguae, or occasionally self-demonstratingly, lipsus languae) or misspeaking, is a deviation (conscious or unconscious) from the apparently intended form of an utterance. They can be subdivided into spontaneously and inadvertently produced spe ... Read »


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    • Speech-generating device

    • Speech-generating devices (SGDs), also known as voice output communication aids, are electronic augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems used to supplement or replace speech or writing for individuals with severe speech impairments, enabling them to verbally communicate. SGDs are important for people wh ... Read »


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    • Speech Pathology Australia

    • Speech Pathology Australia (SPA) is the national peak body for the speech pathology profession in Australia. Established in 1949, SPA began as the Australian College of Speech Therapists, set up to regulate and maintain the qualifications and standards of the profession. The Australian Branch of the British Medica ... Read »


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    • Speech repetition

    • Speech repetition is the saying by one individual of the spoken vocalizations made by another individual. This requires the ability in the person making the copy to map the sensory input they hear from the other person's vocal pronunciation into a similar motor output with their own vocal tract. Such speech input outp ... Read »


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    • Speech science

    • Speech science refers to the study of production, transmission and perception of speech. Speech science involves anatomy, in particular the anatomy of the oro-facial region and neuroanatomy, physiology, and acoustics. The production of speech is a highly complex motor task that involves approximately 100 orofacial ... Read »


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    • Speech sound disorder

    • Speech sound disorders are speech disorders in which some speech sounds (called phonemes) in a child's (or, sometimes, an adult's) language are either not produced, not produced correctly, or are not used correctly. The term protracted phonological development is sometimes preferred when describing children's speech to ... Read »


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    • Tangible symbol systems

    • Tangible symbols are a type of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) that uses objects or pictures that share a perceptual relationship with the items they represent as symbols. A tangible symbol's relation to the item it represents is perceptually obvious and concrete - the visual or tactile properties of t ... Read »


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    • Tongue thrust

    • Tongue thrust (also called reverse swallow or immature swallow) is the common name of orofacial muscular imbalance, a human behavioral pattern in which the tongue protrudes through the anterior incisors during swallowing, speech, and while the tongue is at rest. Nearly all infants exhibit a swallowing pattern involving ... Read »


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    • Velotrace

    • The Velotrace, first described in 1987, is a mechanical device that monitors and records analogue data on the position of the soft palate, or velum. The device comprises two levels connected through a "push rod" that carried on a "support rod", which itself rests on the floor of the nasal cavity. The internal lever res ... Read »


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    • Draft:Ventricular dysphonia


    • Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program

    • The Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP) is an assessment and skills-tracking system to assess the language, learning and social skills of children with autism or other developmental disabilities. A strong focus of the VB-MAPP is language and social interaction, which are the predominan ... Read »


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    • Vocology

    • Vocology is the science and practice of vocal habilitation. Its concerns include the nature of speech and language pathology, the defects of the vocal tract (laryngology), the remediation of speech therapy, and the voice training (voice therapy) and voice pedagogy of song and speech for actors and public speakers. In ... Read »


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