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  • Reading (process)

    Reading (process)

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    • Alexia (condition)

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    • Bibliotherapy

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    • Dyslexia

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    • Graphemes

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    • Kids' Lit Quiz winners


    • Learning to read

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    • Literacy

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    • Note-taking

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    • Phonics

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    • Radio reading services

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    • Readability tests

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    • Reading skill advocates

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    • Works about reading

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    • Reading (process)

    • Reading is a complex "cognitive process" of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension). Reading is a means of language acquisition, communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like all languages, it is a complex interaction between the text and the reader which is shaped b ... Read »


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    • Aliteracy

    • Aliteracy (sometimes spelled alliteracy) is the state of being able to read but being uninterested in doing so. This phenomenon has been reported on as a problem occurring separately from illiteracy, which is more common in the developing world, while aliteracy is primarily a problem in the developed world. In 2002, Jo ... Read »


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    • Alphabetic principle

    • According to the alphabetic principle, letters and combinations of letters are the symbols used to represent the speech sounds of a language based on systematic and predictable relationships between written letters, symbols, and spoken words. The alphabetic principle is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system ( ... Read »


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    • America's Children's Museum on Wheels: StoryBus


    • Analytical phonics

    • Analytical phonics refers to an approach to the teaching of reading in which the phonemes associated with particular graphemes are not pronounced in isolation. Children identify (analyse) the common phoneme in a set of words in which each word contains the phoneme under study. For example, teacher and pupils discuss ho ... Read »


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    • Bibliophilia

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      Bibliophilia or bibliophilism is the love of books, and a bibliophile or bookworm is an individual who loves books. The classic bibliophile is one who loves to read, admire and collect books, often amassing a large and specialized collection. Bibliophiles do not necessarily want to possess the books that they love ... Read »


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    • Book desert

    • A book desert is a geographic area (country, state, county, city, neighborhood, home) where printed books and other reading material are allegedly hard to obtain, particularly without access to an automobile or other form of transportation. Some researchers have defined book deserts by linking them to poverty and low i ... Read »


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    • Book discussion club

    • A book discussion club is a group of people who meet to discuss a book or books that they have read and express their opinions, likes, dislikes, etc. It is more often called simply a book club, a term that is also used to describe a book sales club, which can cause confusion. Other frequently used terms to describe a b ... Read »


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    • Book rental service

    • Libraries have been lending books to the public for thousands of years. First libraries date back to 2600 BC during Sumerian Civilization. In the modern era lending books largely happens by Public Libraries. Generally worldwide public libraries are non-profit organizations offering book lending services free to their p ... Read »


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    • Bookwheel

    • The bookwheel (also written book wheel and sometimes called a reading wheel) is a type of rotating bookcase designed to allow one person to read a variety of heavy books in one location with ease. The books are rotated vertically similar to the motion of a water wheel, as opposed to rotating on a flat table surface. Th ... Read »


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    • Center for Research, Evaluation and Awareness of Dyslexia

    • The Center for Research, Evaluation and Awareness of Dyslexia (Center for READing) is a university-based program at Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, Kansas. It was established in 1996 to: The Identification and Intervention Program (IIP) is based on two decades worth of research and is the oldest of the prog ... Read »


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    • Chalcography

    • Chalcography (from Greek chalcos, copper and graphia, to write), are engravings on copper plates used for printmaking and for illustrations in the production of books. The Monte dei Santi di Dio by Antonio Bettini is the most ancient book bearing chalcographies, printed in Florence on September 10, 1477 from Nicolo di ... Read »


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    • Close reading

    • In literary criticism, close reading is the careful, sustained interpretation of a brief passage of a text. A close reading emphasizes the single and the particular over the general, effected by close attention to individual words, the syntax, and the order in which the sentences unfold ideas, as the reader scans the l ... Read »


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    • Coh-Metrix

    • Coh-Metrix is a computational tool that produces indices of the linguistic and discourse representations of a text. Developed by Arthur C. Graesser and Danielle McNamara, Coh-Metrix calculates the coherence of texts on many different measures. Coh-Metrix can be used in many different ways to investigate the cohesion o ... Read »


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    • Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction

    • Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) was developed in 1993 by Dr. John T. Guthrie with a team of elementary teachers and graduate students. The project designed and implemented a framework of conceptually oriented reading instruction to improve students' amount and breadth of reading, intrinsic motivations for r ... Read »


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    • Deep dyslexia

    • Deep dyslexia is a form of dyslexia that disrupts reading processes. Deep dyslexia may occur as a result of a head injury, stroke, disease, or operation. This injury results in the occurrence of semantic errors during reading and the impairment of nonword reading. The term dyslexia comes from the Greek words 'dys' mea ... Read »


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    • Beverly Derewianka

    • Beverly Derewianka (born 1946) is a professor at the University of Wollongong, Australia who has studied how to teach reading to students. In 1990 she authored "Rocks in the Head, Children and the Language of Geology" using a conceptual snail to describe a process of studying a topic, then reading and finally writing a ... Read »


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    • Directed listening and thinking activity

    • The directed listening and thinking activity (DLTA) is a strategy that was first identified by Stauffer (1980). It is used with early childhood students or students who are not yet successful independent readers. Teachers use this strategy to establish a purpose for reading with their students. With the use of this str ... Read »


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    • Dolch word list

    • The Dolch word list is a list of frequently used English words compiled by Edward William Dolch, a major proponent of the "whole-word" method of beginning reading instruction. The list was prepared in 1936 and was originally published in his book Problems in Reading in 1948. Dolch compiled the list based on children's ... Read »


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    • Dual-route hypothesis to reading aloud

    • The dual-route theory of reading aloud was first described in the early 1970s. This theory suggests that two separate mental mechanisms, or cognitive routes, are involved in reading aloud, with output of both mechanisms contributing to the pronunciation of a written stimulus. One mechanism, termed the lexical route, i ... Read »


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    • Dyslexia

    • Dyslexia

      Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence. Different people are affected to varying degrees. Problems may include difficulties in spelling words, reading quickly, writing words, "sounding out" words in the head, pronouncing words when reading aloud an ... Read »


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    • Dyslexia research

    • Dyslexia is about having problems with a culture's visual notation of speech. The form of the notation varies according to the writing system adopted and developed by each culture. Much of the early dyslexia research was based in cultures that adopted a Latin Alphabetic writing systems. The Orthography of language ... Read »


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    • Ecocomposition

    • Ecocomposition is a way of looking at literacy using concepts from ecology. It is a postprocess theory of writing instruction that tries to account for factors beyond hierarchically defined goals within social settings; however, it doesn't dismiss these goals. Rather, it incorporates them within an ecological view that ... Read »


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    • Emergent literacies

    • Emergent literacy is a term that is used to explain a child's knowledge of reading and writing skills before they learn how to read and write words. It signals a belief that, in literate society, young children—even one- and two-year-olds—are in the process of becoming literate. Through the support of parents ... Read »


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    • English Phonotypic Alphabet

    • The English Phonotypic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet developed by Sir Isaac Pitman and Alexander John Ellis to simplify the English spelling. It was originally published in June 1845. The same year another version was extended to German, Arabic, Spanish, Tuscan, French, Welsh, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese and ... Read »


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    • Ergodic literature

    • Ergodic literature is a term coined by Espen J. Aarseth in his book Cybertext—Perspectives on Ergodic Literature, and is derived from the Greek words ergon, meaning "work", and hodos, meaning "path". Aarseth's book contains the most commonly cited definition: In ergodic literature, nontrivial effort is required t ... Read »


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    • Extensive reading

    • Extensive reading, free reading, book flood, or reading for pleasure is a way of language learning, including foreign language learning, through large amounts of reading. As well as facilitating acquisition and learning of vocabulary, it is believed to increase motivation through positive affective benefits. It is beli ... Read »


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    • Eye movement in music reading

    • Eye movement in music reading is the scanning of a musical score by a musician's eyes. This usually occurs as the music is read during performance, although musicians sometimes scan music silently to study it. The phenomenon has been studied by researchers from a range of backgrounds, including cognitive psychology and ... Read »


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    • Eye movement in reading

    • Eye movement in reading involves the visual processing of written text. This was described by the French ophthalmologist Louis Émile Javal in the late 19th century. He reported that eyes do not move continuously along a line of text, but make short, rapid movements (saccades) intermingled with short stops (fixations ... Read »


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    • Eye–hand span


    • Family literacy

    • Family literacy is a method of education. Relatively new, family literacy is being put into practice in the United States, Canada, and South Africa. The roots of family literacy as an educational method come from the belief that “the parent is the child’s first teacher.” Studies have demonstrated th ... Read »


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    • Federation of Children's Book Groups


    • Fountas and Pinnell reading levels

    • Fountas & Pinnell reading levels (commonly referred to as "Fountas & Pinnell") are a system of reading levels developed by Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell to support their guided reading method. Reading text is classified according to various parameters, such as word count, number of different words, number of high-fr ... Read »


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    • Functional illiteracy

    • Functional illiteracy is reading and writing skills that are inadequate "to manage daily living and employment tasks that require reading skills beyond a basic level". Functional illiteracy is contrasted with illiteracy in the strict sense, meaning the inability to read or write simple sentences in any language. Forei ... Read »


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    • Genreflecting

    • Genreflecting is the process of examining and analyzing the patterns and characteristics of literary genres—both fiction and recreational nonfiction—and using that analysis to identify titles with similar appeals to readers (i.e., read-alikes), in order to make reading suggestions to individuals who are looki ... Read »


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    • Graded reader

    • Graded readers are "easy reading" books used to support the extensive reading approach to teaching English as a second or foreign language, and other languages. While many graded readers are written for native speaker children, more often they are targeted at young adults and above, since children's books are already w ... Read »


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    • Guided reading

    • Guided reading is 'small-group reading instruction designed to provide differentiated teaching that supports students in developing reading proficiency'. The small group model allows children to be taught in a way that is intended to be more focused on their specific needs, accelerating their progress. Guided read ... Read »


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    • Incremental reading

    • Incremental reading is a method for learning and retaining information from reading that might otherwise be forgotten. It is particularly targeted to people who are trying to learn a large amount of information at once, particularly if that information is varied. Incremental reading works by breaking up key points of ... Read »


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    • Independent reading

    • Independent reading is a term used in educational settings, where students are involved in choosing and reading material (fiction books, non-fiction, magazine, other media) for their independent consumption and enjoyment. Students that read independently have an emphasized creative choice in what they want to read and ... Read »


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    • Initial sound table

    • An initial sound table is a table, list or chart which shows the initial sound letter of a word together with its picture (pictured words). The initial sound table can assist students to recognise initial sounds and to get first reading and writing skills. In 1658 John Amos Comenius created an initial sound table in Or ... Read »


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    • Initial Teaching Alphabet

    • The Initial Teaching Alphabet (I.T.A. or i.t.a.) is a variant of the Latin alphabet developed by Sir James Pitman (the grandson of Sir Isaac Pitman, inventor of a system of shorthand) in the early 1960s. It was not intended to be a strictly phonetic transcription of English sounds, or a spelling reform for English as s ... Read »


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    • Intensive reading

    • Extensive reading, free reading, book flood, or reading for pleasure is a way of language learning, including foreign language learning, through large amounts of reading. As well as facilitating acquisition and learning of vocabulary, it is believed to increase motivation through positive affective benefits. It is beli ... Read »


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    • International Dyslexia Association

    • The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) is a non-profit education and advocacy organization devoted to issues surrounding dyslexia. It is based in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. The International Dyslexia Association serves individuals with dyslexia, their families, and professionals in the field. It has 9,0 ... Read »


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    • Kids' Lit Quiz


    • KWL table

    • A KWL table, or KWL chart, is a graphical organizer designed to help in learning. The letters KWL are an acronym, for what students, in the course of a lesson, already know, want to know, and ultimately learn. It is a part of the constructivist teaching method where students move away from what are considered tradition ... Read »


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    • Language acquisition by deaf children

    • In the United States, one in a thousand children is born profoundly deaf. Despite their inability to hear at birth, communication and language acquisition are fundamental to their general cognitive development and their engagement with their surroundings. While most deaf children in the developed world receive hearing ... Read »


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    • Learning to read

    • Learning to read is the process of acquiring the skills necessary for reading; that is, the ability to acquire meaning from print. Learning to read is paradoxical in some ways. For an adult who is a fairly good reader, reading seems like a simple, effortless and automatic skill but the process builds on cognitive, ling ... Read »


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    • Letter frequency effect

    • Letter frequency effect - the effect of letter frequency according to which the frequency with which the letter is encountered influences the recognition time of a letter. Letters of high frequency show a significant advantage over letters of low frequency in letter naming, same-different matching, and visual search. L ... Read »


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    • List of World Book Day books

    • This is a list of books released for the UK World Book Day. In 1998 and 1999 a specially created WBD anthology priced at £1 (€1.50 in Ireland) was published. In 2000, instead of a single £1 special anthology, four separate £1 books were published, covering a wider age-range. Since then, each year has seen ... Read »


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    • Literacy

    • Literacy is traditionally understood as the ability to read, write, and use arithmetic. The modern term's meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use language, numbers, images, computers, and other basic means to understand, communicate, gain useful knowledge and use the dominant symbol systems of a culture ... Read »


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    • Literature circle

    • A literature circle is equivalent of an adult book club, but with greater structure, expectation and rigor. The aim is to encourage thoughtful discussion and a love of reading in young people. The true intent of literature circles is "to allow students to practice and develop the skills and strategies of good readers" ... Read »


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    • Marathon Reading

    • Marathon Reading is a yearly program put on by the UCLA department of English, where a group of students, faculty, community members, alumni, and often even celebrities read a novel (or two) out loud non-stop for a 24-hour period. Texas Tech University also hosts an annual marathon reading, coordinated by Dr. Rich Ric ... Read »


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    • Mean length of utterance

    • Mean length of utterance (or MLU) is a measure of linguistic productivity in children. It is traditionally calculated by collecting 100 utterances spoken by a child and dividing the number of morphemes by the number of utterances. A higher MLU is taken to indicate a higher level of language proficiency. Mean length of ... Read »


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    • Media consumption

    • Media consumption or media diet is the sum of information and entertainment media taken in by an individual or group. It includes activities such as interacting with new media, reading books and magazines, watching television and film, and listening to radio. An active media consumer must have the capacity for skeptici ... Read »


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    • Metacomprehension

    • A type of metacognition that involves knowledge of which version of the perceived information is correct or incorrect. If while reading a book about baseball you see the word "bat", you wouldn't think of the animal, but the object used to hit the baseballs. See also metamemory. ... Read »


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    • Mind map

    • A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is hierarchical and shows relationships among pieces of the whole. It is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words ... Read »


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    • Missing letter effect

    • In cognitive psychology, the missing letter effect refers to the finding that, when people are asked to consciously detect target letters while reading text, they miss more letters in frequent, function words (e.g. the letter "h" in "the") than in less frequent, content words. The missing letter effect has also been re ... Read »


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    • National Non-Fiction Day

    • National Non-Fiction Day (NNFD) is annual celebration of children's non-fiction in the UK. It was initiated by The Federation of Children's Book Groups in partnership with Scholastic Children’s Books and is celebrated across the UK each year on the first Thursday in November (at approximately the same time as the ... Read »


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    • National Share-a-Story Month

    • National Share-a-Story Month (NSSM) is an annual event in the United Kingdom that is used to promote reading to children. It is used by librarians, schools, the book industry, bloggers and parents as a way to focus on storytelling in the broadest of senses. Local groups of The Federation of Children's Book Groups ofte ... Read »


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    • Phonemic awareness

    • Phonemic awareness is a subset of phonological awareness in which listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word "cat" into three distinct phonemes, /k/, /æ/, and /t/, requires phonemic awareness. The National Readi ... Read »


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    • Phonetically Intuitive English

    • Phonetically Intuitive English (PIE) is a scheme and a Chrome browser extension that automatically adds diacritics to English words on Web pages to show pronunciation, intended for English-as-a-second-language (ESL) learners to learn correct pronunciations as they browse the Web, and for children in English-speaking co ... Read »


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    • Phonological dyslexia

    • Phonological dyslexia is a reading disability that is a form of alexia (acquired dyslexia), resulting from brain injury, stroke, or progressive illness and that affects previously acquired reading abilities. The major distinguishing symptom of acquired phonological dyslexia is that a selective impairment of the ability ... Read »


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    • Post literacy

    • Post literacy or post literacy education is a concept used in continuing education and adult education programs aimed at recently illiterate or "neo-literate" adults and communities, largely in the developing world. Unlike continuing education or further education, which covers secondary or vocational topics for adult ... Read »


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    • Premier's Reading Challenge


    • Progress in International Reading Literacy Study

    • The IEA's Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is an international study of reading achievement in fourth graders. It is conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). It is designed to measure children’s reading literacy achievement, to provide ... Read »


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    • ProLiteracy

    • ProLiteracy, also known as ProLiteracy Worldwide, is an international nonprofit organization based in Syracuse, N.Y., that supports the people and programs that help adults learn to read and write. ProLiteracy, the largest adult literacy and basic education membership organization in the nation, believes that a safer, ... Read »


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    • Pure alexia

    • Pure alexia, also known as agnosic alexia or alexia without agraphia or pure word blindness, is one form of alexia which makes up "the peripheral dyslexia" group. Individuals who have pure alexia suffer from severe reading problems while other language-related skills such as naming, oral repetition, auditory comprehens ... Read »


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    • Radio reading service

    • A radio reading service or reading service for the blind is a service of many universities, community groups and public radio stations, where a narrator reads books, newspapers and magazines aloud for the benefit of the blind and vision-impaired. It is most often carried on a subcarrier, with radio receivers permanentl ... Read »


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    • Rapid automatized naming

    • Rapid automatized naming (RAN) is a task that measures how quickly individuals can name aloud objects, pictures, colors, or symbols (letters or digits). Variations in rapid automatized naming time in children provide a strong predictor of their later ability to read, and is independent from other predictors such as pho ... Read »


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    • Rapid serial visual presentation

    • Rapid serial visual presentation is an experimental model frequently used to examine the temporal characteristics of attention. The RSVP paradigm requires participants to look at a continuous presentation of visual items which is around 10 items per second. They are all shown in the same place. The targets are implante ... Read »


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    • Read More About It

    • Read More About It was a public service announcement campaign created as a joint venture between CBS and the Library of Congress that ran from 1980 to 1999 on CBS. The campaign, which usually aired one at the end of a special primetime program, was famous for its opening title sequence, which originally showed a live a ... Read »


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    • Reading comprehension

    • Reading comprehension is the ability to read text, process it, and understand its meaning. Although this definition may seem simple, it is not necessarily simple to teach, learn or practice (K12 Publishing, LLC, 2015.) An individual's ability to comprehend text is influenced by their traits and skills, one of which is ... Read »


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    • Reading education in the United States

    • Reading education is the process by which individuals are taught to derive meaning from text. Government-funded research on reading and reading instruction in the U.s. began in the 1960s. In the 1970s and 1980s, researchers began publishing findings based on converging evidence from multiple studies. However, these fi ... Read »


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    • Reading for special needs

    • Reading for special needs has become an area of interest as the understanding of reading has improved. Teaching children with special needs how to read was not historically pursued due to perspectives of a Reading Readiness model. This model assumes that a reader must learn to read in a hierarchical manner such that on ... Read »


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    • Reading for the Future

    • Reading for the Future (RFF) is an international group which encourages literacy and reading through the use of speculative fiction. Some regional groups collect new and used books which are then distributed free of charge to schools and libraries. For many rural schools, this is the only way they get new books. RFF d ... Read »


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    • Reading readiness in the United States

    • Reading readiness has been defined as the point at which a person is ready to learn to read and the time during which a person transitions from being a non-reader into a reader. Other terms for reading readiness include early literacy and emergent reading. Children begin to learn pre-reading skills at birth while they ... Read »


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    • Reading span task

    • The reading span task (RST) is a common memory span task widely cited in, and adapted for, investigations of working memory, cognitive processing, and reading comprehension that was first published by Meredyth Daneman and Patricia Carpenter in 1980. The original RST required participants to read series of unconnec ... Read »


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    • ReadSpeaker

    • ReadSpeaker is a suite of web-based applications that uses the latest text-to-speech technology to speech-enable web sites, mobile sites, RSS feeds, mobile apps like iPhone, Android or Blackberry apps, as well as online documents and forms. ReadSpeaker products help people that suffer from reading difficulties, dyslexi ... Read »


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    • Reciprocal teaching

    • Reciprocal teaching is an instructional activity that takes the form of a dialogue between teachers and students regarding segments of text for the purpose of constructing the meaning of text. Reciprocal teaching is a reading technique which is thought to promote students' reading comprehension. A reciprocal approach p ... Read »


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    • Science Research Associates

    • SRA or Science Research Associates Inc. is a Chicago-based publisher of educational materials and schoolroom reading comprehension products. Science Research Associates Inc. was founded in 1938. Early on, it had a trade and occupational focus. In 1957, it moved into individualized classroom instruction with the ic ... Read »


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    • Screen reading

    • Screen reading is the act of reading a text on a computer screen, smartphone, e-book reader, etc. It is often contrasted with the act of reading a text on paper, in particular a printed text. Louis Émile Javal, a French ophthalmologist and founder of an ophthalmology laboratory in Paris is credited with the int ... Read »


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    • Shallow reading

    • Shallow reading refers to social practices in which people acquire information or entertainment quickly from texts, images or other meaningful forms, individual or combination, by using various modern media. Shallow reading as a representational form of post-modern mass culture reflects a transition of expense principl ... Read »


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    • Sight-reading

    • Sight-reading, also called a prima vista (Italian meaning "at first sight"), is the reading and performing of a piece of music or song in music notation that the performer has not seen before. Sight-singing is used to describe a singer who is sight-reading. Both activities require the musician to play or sing the notat ... Read »


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    • Slow reading

    • Slow reading is the intentional reduction in the speed of reading, carried out to increase comprehension or pleasure. The concept appears to have originated in the study of philosophy and literature as a technique to more fully comprehend and appreciate a complex text. More recently, there has been increased interest i ... Read »


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    • Society for the Scientific Study of Reading

    • The Society for the Scientific Study of Reading was created in 1993 by Ronald P. Carver. The purpose of SSSR is to promote the scientific study of reading and to disseminate information about reading and related areas such as language and literacy. The society sponsors conferences and a peer-reviewed academic journal, ... Read »


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    • Speed learning

    • Speed learning is a collection of methods of learning which attempt to attain higher rates of learning without unacceptable reduction of comprehension or retention. It is closely related to speed reading, but encompasses other methods of learning, such as observation, listening, conversation, questioning, and reflectio ... Read »


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    • Speed reading

    • Speed reading is any of several techniques used to improve one's ability to read quickly. Speed reading methods include chunking and minimizing subvocalization. The many available speed reading training programs include books, videos, software, and seminars. Psychologists and educational specialists working on vis ... Read »


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    • SQ3R

    • SQRRR or "SQ3R" is a reading comprehension method named for its five steps: survey, question, read, recite, and review . The method was introduced by Francis Pleasant Robinson, an American education philosopher in his 1946 book Effective Study. The method offers a more efficient and active approach to reading textbook ... Read »


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    • Start Making A Reader Today

    • Start Making A Reader Today (SMART) is a non-profit, volunteer-driven tutoring program local to Oregon for at-risk K-3 readers. SMART was developed by Neil Goldschmidt in 1992. It has grown from serving 585 children at 8 schools at its inception to serving 7,244 children at 204 sites in 2009, and 223 sites in 2011. As ... Read »


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    • Stiftung Lesen

    • Stiftung Lesen (Reading Foundation) is a non-profit organization based in Mainz, Germany under the patronage of Joachim Gauck. Stiftung Lesen acts as a stakeholder for reading promotion on a national and international level. It contributes to reading promotion and reading education through programmes, scientific resear ... Read »


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    • Subvocalization

    • Subvocalization, or silent speech, is the internal speech typically made when reading; it provides the sound of the word as it is read. This is a natural process when reading and it helps the mind to access meanings to comprehend and remember what is read, potentially reducing cognitive load. This inner speech is chara ... Read »


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    • Sustained silent reading

    • Sustained silent reading (SSR) is a form of school-based recreational reading, or free voluntary reading, where students read silently in a designated time period every day in school. An underlying assumption of SSR is that students learn to read by reading constantly. Successful models of SSR typically allow students ... Read »


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    • Synthetic phonics

    • Synthetic phonics (UK) or blended phonics (US), also known as inductive phonics, is a method of teaching reading which first teaches the letter sounds and then builds up to blending these sounds together to achieve full pronunciation of whole words. This article relates to the English language only. Synthetic phonics ... Read »


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    • Thorbjørn Egners lesebøker


    • Time Enough at Last

    • "Time Enough at Last" is the eighth episode of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. The episode was adapted from a short story written by Lynn Venable (pen name of Marilyn Venable). The short story appeared in the January 1953 edition of the science fiction magazine If: Worlds of Science Fiction ... Read »


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    • Transliteracy

    • Transliteracy is about 'a fluidity of movement across a range of technologies, media and contexts'. A more detailed definition is the following: 'Transliteracy is an ability to use diverse analog and digital technologies, techniques, modes, and protocols to search for and work with a variety of resources; to collaborat ... Read »


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    • UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning

    • The UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (formerly: UNESCO Institute for Education) is one of six educational institutes of UNESCO. It is a non-profit international research, training, information, documentation and publishing centre on literacy, non-formal education, adult and lifelong learning. By linking education ... Read »


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    • Vision span

    • Vision span or perceptual span is a controversial concept in speed reading referring to the angular span (vertically and horizontally), within which the human eye has sharp enough vision to read text. The visual field of the human eye spans approximately 120(?)  degrees of arc. However, most of that arc is periphera ... Read »


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    • Whole language

    • Whole language describes a literacy philosophy which emphasizes that children should focus on meaning and strategy instruction. It is often contrasted with phonics-based methods of teaching reading and writing which emphasize instruction for decoding and spelling. However, from whole language practitioners' perspective ... Read »


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    • Word guessing

    • Word guessing refers to a method of reading where a beginner reader doesn't know what a word is in a sentence, so he/she guesses what the word is and reads the rest of the sentence to confirm their guess, e.g. The fox jumped over the dog. If you didn't know the word "jumped" then you might read it as: "joo-mp-ed" then ... Read »


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    • Word recognition

    • Word recognition, according to Literacy Information and Communication System (LINCS) is "the ability of a reader to recognize written words correctly and virtually effortlessly". It is sometimes referred to as "isolated word recognition" because it involves a reader's ability to recognize words individually from a list ... Read »


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    • Word superiority effect

    • In cognitive psychology, the word superiority effect (WSE) refers to the phenomenon that people have better recognition of letters presented within words as compared to isolated letters and to letters presented within nonword (orthographically illegal, unpronounceable letter array) strings. Studies have also found a WS ... Read »


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    • Words per minute

    • Words per minute, commonly abbreviated WPM, is a measure of words processed in a minute, often used as a measurement of typing speed or reading speed. For the purpose of typing measurement, each word is standardized to be five characters or keystrokes long in English, including spaces and punctuation. For example, the ... Read »


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    • World Book Capital

    • . The success of World Book and Copyright Day, launched in 1996, encouraged UNESCO to develop the concept of World Book Capital City, selecting Madrid as the Capital for 2001. This was again a success, and so UNESCO's General Conference resolved to make the designation of a World Book Capital City an annual event. ... Read »


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    • World Book Day

    • World Book Day

      World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day (also known as International Day of the Book or World Book Days) is a yearly event on April 23rd, organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to promote reading, publishing and copyright. In the United Kingdom, the day is rec ... Read »


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    • World Book Day (UK and Ireland)

    • World Book Day is a charity event held annually in the United Kingdom and Ireland on the first Thursday in March. It is the local manifestation of World Book and Copyright Day (also known as International Day of the Book or World Book Days) organized by UNESCO to promote reading, publishing and copyright. On World Book ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Reading (process)

Extras