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    • Acceptable loss

    • An acceptable loss, also known as acceptable damage, is a military euphemism used to indicate casualties or destruction inflicted by the enemy that is considered minor or tolerable. In combat situations, leaders have to often choose between options where no one solution is perfect and all choices will lead to casualtie ... Read »


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    • Alliance

    • An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alliance are called allies. Alliances form in many settings, including political alliances, milita ... Read »


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    • Alternative civilian service

    • Alternative civilian service is a form of national service performed in lieu of conscription for various reasons, such as conscientious objection, inadequate health, or political reasons. See "labour battalion" for examples of the latter case. Alternative service usually involves some kind of labor. Alternative ci ... Read »


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    • AM 50

    • AM 50 is an automatically launched assault bridge used by combat engineers for crossing obstacles, especially bodies of water like rivers or canals. It is mounted on heavy vehicles, and can bridge a gap up to 53 meters (173 feet 11 inches). ... Read »


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    • Ankle breakers

    • Ankle breakers are small but deep holes drilled into drawbridges, stone bridges, and other defensive fortifications, in order to allow a slow moving party to cross easily, while causing a running person to twist their ankle and fall. ... Read »


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    • ANNUALEX

    • ANNUALEX (AE) is a military exercise by the United States Navy and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. It is annually held in the Sea of Japan south of the islands of Japan. The first ANNUALEX was held between November 5 and 15, 1996. The latest was ANNUALEX 13g (Nov. 4–11, 2016) had an attendance of 750 Amer ... Read »


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    • Anomaly Detection at Multiple Scales

    • Anomaly Detection at Multiple Scales, or ADAMS, is a $35 million DARPA project designed to identify patterns and anomalies in very large data sets. It is under DARPA's Information Innovation office and began in 2011. The project is intended to detect and prevent insider threats such as "a soldier in good mental health ... Read »


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    • Anti-tank trench

    • Anti-tank trenches, also called anti-tank ditches, are ditches dug into and around fortified positions to hold up the advance of enemy tanks. Anti-tank ditches were first used in World War I by Germany in an effort to protect their trenches against the newly developed British tanks. An anti-tank ditch has to be wide en ... Read »


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    • Arab Army


    • Area of operations

    • In U.S. armed forces parlance, an area of operations (AO) is an operational area defined by the force commander for land, air, and naval forces conduct of combat and non-combat activities. Areas of operations do not typically encompass the entire operational area of the force commander, but should be large enough for s ... Read »


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    • Armed Forces Christian Union

    • The Armed Forces Christian Union —formerly Officers' Christian Union— is a British Christian organisation with origins in the mid-19th century Army Prayer Union. As of 2007 General Sir Richard Dannatt is its vice-president. As a member of the Association of Military Christian Fellowships it is in contact with ... Read »


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    • Armed-forces artificer

    • An Artificer is an appointment held by a member of an armed-forces service who is skilled at working on mechanical devices in the field. The specific term "artificer" for this function is typical of the armed forces of countries that are or have been in the British Commonwealth and refers to a Senior Non-Commissioned O ... Read »


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    • Assembly (bugle call)

    • Assembly is a bugle call that signals troops to assemble at a designated place. "Assembly and "Adjutant's Call" are the two bugle calls that make up the "formation" category of bugle call. ... Read »


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    • At attention

    • The position of at attention, or standing at attention, is a military posture which involves the following general postures: The above stance position is common in most military organizations throughout the world. It may also be adopted by paramilitary organizations, law enforcement, and other organizations requiring ... Read »


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    • Backshop

    • A backshop or back-shop is a specialized store or workshop found in service industries, such as locomotive and aircraft repair. Most repairs are carried out in small workshops, except where an industrial service is needed. In the military, backshops repair parts known as shop-replaceable units (SRUs). These are common ... Read »


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    • Base defense operations center

    • A base defense operations center (BDOC) is a command and control facility established by the base commander to serve as the focal point for base security and defense. It plans, directs, integrates, coordinates, and controls all base defense efforts, and coordinates and integrates into area security operations with the ... Read »


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    • Base of fire

    • In military terminology, a base of fire is a supporting force that provides overwatch and covering fire to other advancing units while they are executing fire and movement tactics. A base of fire can be a platoon during company fire and movement, by individual armoured fighting vehicles (esp. tanks) or infantry section ... Read »


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    • Basilic (cannon)

    • The Basilic, or The Ottoman Cannon was a supercannon designed by Urban, a Wallachian cannon engineer, Saruca Usta and architect Muslihiddin Usta at a time when cannons were still new. It was horribly inaccurate, but when it hit, it caused massive damage to Constantinople's walls. Additionally, due to the material the c ... Read »


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    • Basra War Cemetery

    • The Basra War Cemetery is a military cemetery in Basra, Iraq, built for soldiers killed during the Mesopotamian campaign in the First World War. It is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Those buried at the cemetery include Victoria Cross recipient George Godfrey Massy Wheeler, and Henry Howard, 19th ... Read »


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    • Battalia (formation)

    • From the late 16th century into the 18th century battalia, was a description used both for the positioning of units in an army (or navy) on a battle field and the formation in which individual units deployed for battle (battle array or battle order). Sometimes it was used to describe the main body of an army deploy for ... Read »


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    • Battle drill

    • An Infantry battle drill describes how platoons and squads apply fire and maneuver to commonly encountered situations. They require leaders to make decisions rapidly and to issue brief oral orders quickly. "Battle Drill", according to the manual Fieldcraft and Battle Drill, means the reduction of military tactics to b ... Read »


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    • Battlefield management system

    • Battlefield management system (BMS) is a system meant to integrate information acquisition and processing to enhance command and control of a military unit. As an example of modern combat force Pakistan Army has been using integrated battlefield management system called PAK-IBMS (Rehbar). ... Read »


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    • Bayano Wars

    • The Bayano Wars were armed conflicts in the Isthmus of Panama that occurred between the Bayano of Panama and the Spanish crown. The First War of the Bayano took place from 1548 to 1558, while the Second War took place from 1579 and 1582.Slavery, practiced since the early sixteenth century in Panama, brought many enslav ... Read »


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    • Behind-armor debris

    • Behind-armor debris is debris particles eroded from the penetrator of armor as well as spalled material ejected from the target itself. Behind-armor debris characterisctics can be described by the number, position, and size range of debris particles. ... Read »


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    • Black budget

    • A black budget is a budget that is allocated for classified and other secret operations of a nation, a corporation, a society of any form, a national department, and so on. A black budget usually covers expenses related to military research and covert operations. The black budget is mostly classified due to security re ... Read »


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    • Blanket party

    • A blanket party is a form of corporal punishment or hazing conducted within a peer group, most frequently within the military or military academies. The victim (usually asleep in bed) is restrained by having a blanket flung over him and held down, while other members of the group strike the victim repeatedly with impro ... Read »


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    • Bold (decoy)

    • Bold (a term derived from kobold) was a German sonar decoy, used by U-boats during the Second World War from 1942 onwards. It consisted of a metal canister about 10 cm (3.9 in) in diameter filled with calcium hydride. It was launched by an ejector system colloquially referred to as Pillenwerfer (English: "pill th ... Read »


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    • Bomb Alarm System

    • The Bomb Alarm System (also known as the Bomb Alarm Display System) was a US and UK network of optical Bhangmeter sensors intended to confirm the detonation of an enemy nuclear weapon near cities or military installations within the US or at US operated early warning radar sites in the UK or Greenland. The BAS was des ... Read »


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    • Bread bag

    • Bread bags or ration bags are small to medium-sized bags issued to soldiers to carry their rations. Often, such as in the case of Swiss and World War II German designs, they will have straps for attaching to belts and/or bikes. They can be commonly found in the military surplus market and are often bought by collectors ... Read »


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    • Breakthrough (military)

    • A breakthrough occurs when an offensive force has broken an opponent's defensive line, and rapidly exploits the gap. Usually, large force is employed on a relatively small portion of the front to achieve this. While the line may have held for a long while prior to the breakthrough, the breakthrough marks a relatively ... Read »


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    • Broken square

    • Broken square usually refers to an infantry square collapsing or breaking up in battle. Specific incidents that this expression may refer to are both in the Mahdist War in the Sudan: Frank Richards, a soldier in the Royal Welch Fusiliers circa 1901, stated in his memoir entitled 'Soldier Sahib': "If a Welshman went i ... Read »


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    • Buddy aid

    • Buddy Aid is first aid training given to Soldiers and Marines in Basic Training to help heal a fallen comrade. {Note this is based on World War II Buddy Aid} One Assault First Aid Packet or M-1942 First Aid Pouch held a Carlisle Bandage Tin. This tin included one packet of sulfa powder, one Bandage, and one Tourniqu ... Read »


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    • Bull polishing

    • Bull polishing, bulling, spit polishing or spit shining refers to a method for polishing leather products in such a way as to give an extremely high shine effect. It is commonly used in the military as a traditional method of presenting leather accessories (such as a Sam Browne belt) and boots for inspection. The finis ... Read »


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    • Bullying in the military

    • In 2000, the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) defined bullying as: "...the use of physical strength or the abuse of authority to intimidate or victimise others, or to give unlawful punishments." A review of a number of deaths, supposedly by suicide, at Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut by Nicholas Blake QC indicated that wh ... Read »


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    • 1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate

    • 1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate

      1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN), also called butanetriol trinitrate, is an important military propellant. It is a colorless to brown explosive liquid. BTTN is used as a propellant in virtually all single-stage missiles used by the United States, including the Hellfire. It is less volatile, less sensitive to shock, ... Read »


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    • Cadre (military)

    • A cadre (UK: /ˈkɑːdər/ or US: /ˈkædreɪ/) is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit. The cadre may be the permanent skeleton establishment of a unit, around which the full unit can be built if needed. In ... Read »


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    • Camp Enari

    • Camp Enari

      Camp Enari (also known as Dragon Mountain Base Camp and Hensel Airfield) is a former U.S. Army base east of Pleiku in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Camp Enari was established near Dragon Mountain (Núi Hàm Rồng) and Highway 19, 12 km southeast of Pleiku. The base was named for 1st Lieutenant Mark Enar ... Read »


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    • Campaign plan

    • Campaign plan is a plan to achieve an objective, usually of a large-scale over an extended period of time. It usually coordinates many activities and uses of resources involving multiple organizations. A campaign plan could also have subordinate objectives or intermediate milestones and is often broken down by phases. ... Read »


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    • Cantabrian circle

    • The Cantabrian circle (Latin: circulus cantabricus) was a military tactic employed by ancient and to a lesser extent medieval horse archers. As Flavius Arrianus and Hadrian relate, this was the most habitual form to appear in combat of the Cantabri tribes, and Rome adopted it after the Cantabrian Wars. A group of hors ... Read »


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    • Capabilities exercise

    • A capabilities exercise (CAPEX) is a form of military or emergency response exercise. Examples include capabilities exercises conducted for the low-altitude parachute-extraction system, the VMA-542 fixed wing attack squadron, or to demonstrate a capability such as deployment of emergency response assets, and so on. ... Read »


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    • Caribbean Peace Force

    • The Caribbean Peace Force (CPF), also known as the Eastern Caribbean Peace Force (ECPF), was an OECS mandated 350-member peacekeeping force operating in Grenada, from October 1983 to June 1985, after the Invasion of Grenada, codenamed Operation Urgent Fury, by the United States of America and several other nations in r ... Read »


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    • Caspian Guard Initiative

    • The Caspian Guard Initiative is a United States Department of Defense regional security program. The program is designed to coordinate activities in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan with those of U.S. Central Command and other U.S government agencies to enhance Caspian Sea security. The program is officially described as assi ... Read »


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    • Catastrophic kill

    • A catastrophic kill, K-Kill or complete kill is damage inflicted on an armored vehicle that amounts to complete destruction of the vehicle, rendering it both permanently non-functional and irreparable. The term knocked out refers to a vehicle which has been damaged to the point of inoperability and abandoned by its cr ... Read »


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    • Catholic War Veterans

    • Catholic War Veterans (officially called the Catholic War Veterans of the United States of America) is a national veterans service organization established in 1935. In 1935, Monsignor Edward J. Higgins a World War I veteran saw the need for an organization to serve veterans and uphold the Catholic faith. Monsignor ... Read »


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    • Center of gravity (military)

    • The center of gravity (CoG) is a concept developed by Carl Von Clausewitz, a Prussian military theorist, in his work On War. The definition of a CoG is "the source of power that provides moral or physical strength, freedom of action, or will to act." Thus, the center of gravity is usually seen as the "source of streng ... Read »


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    • Chamade

    • In war, a chamade was a certain beat of a drum, or sound of a trumpet, which was addressed to the enemy as a kind of signal, to inform them of some proposition to be made to the commander; either to capitulate, to have leave to bury their dead, make a truce, etc. Gilles Ménage derives the word from the Italian chiam ... Read »


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    • Charles Anthony Brigade

    • The Charles Anthony Brigade, was the first conventional fighting formation created by the LTTE. It was founded on 10 April 1991, and was initially trained under the leadership of Col. Balraj. It was one of the oldest and most highly trained infantry units of the Tamil Tigers. It participated in many conventional battle ... Read »


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    • Chequered retreat

    • A Chequered retreat, (retraite en échiquier, Fr.) is so called from the several component parts of a pre-mechanised line or battalion, which alternately retreat and face about in the presence of an enemy, exhibiting the figure of the chequered squares upon a chess board. ... Read »


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    • Close operations

    • Close operations are operations that are within the commander's area of operation (AO) in his battlespace (see: Area of responsibility). Most operations that are projected in close areas are usually against hostile forces in immediate contact and are often the decisive actions. It requires speed and mobility to rapidly ... Read »


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    • Coast Guard of Grenada

    • The Grenadian Coast Guard is one of two military branches in Grenada. The Coast Guard's role is search and rescue as well as drug interdiction. The Coast Guard falls under the command of the Commissioner of Police and has a total of 60 personnel in service operating 4 craft. The branches headquarters is located at Pric ... Read »


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    • Coatee

    • A coatee was a type of tight fitting uniform coat or jacket, which was waist length at the front and had short tails behind. The coatee began to replace the long tail coat in western armies at the end of the eighteenth century, but was itself superseded by the tunic in the mid nineteenth century. A coatee, worn with a ... Read »


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    • Combat assessment

    • The objective of combat assessment is to identify recommendations for the course of military operations. The determination of the overall effectiveness of force employment during military operations. Combat assessment is composed of three major components: The GS-3 is normally the single point of contact for combat a ... Read »


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    • Combat endurance

    • Combat endurance is the time that a military system or unit can remain in combat before having to withdraw due to depleted resources. The definition is not precise; for example the combat endurance of an aircraft, without qualification, is usually the time the aircraft can remain at an altitude suitable for combat, but ... Read »


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    • Combat operations process

    • Combat operations area - process is undertaken by armed forces during military campaigns, major operations, battles, and engagements to facilitate the setting of objectives, direction of combat, and assessment of the operation plan's success. The basic model of the combat operations area process includes five phases t ... Read »


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    • Combined Communications Electronics Board

    • The Combined Communications Electronics Board (CCEB) is a military communications-electronics organisation established among five nations: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States. It is closely associated with the naval cooperation arrangement known as AUSCANNZUKUS. One purpose of the CCE ... Read »


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    • Combined Joint Task Force Paladin

    • Combined Joint Task Force Paladin

      International Security Assistance Force Global War on Terrorism Combined Joint Task Force Paladin (‘’’CJTF Paladin’’’) was the International Security Assistance Force command responsible for Counter-IED efforts and Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) during the War in Afghanistan (2001â ... Read »


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    • Commissariat

    • A commissariat is a department or organization commanded by a commissary or by a corps of commissaries. In many countries, commissary is a police rank. In those countries, a commissariat is a police station commanded by a commissary. In some armies, commissaries are logistic officers. In those countries, a commissari ... Read »


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    • Commissary (store)

    • A commissary is a for . The United States Defense Commissary Agency operates commissaries that are similar to supermarkets, providing service members with most of the same available in the United States regardless of where they are stationed abroad. Commissaries sell primarily grocery articles; other items can be purc ... Read »


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    • Common operational picture

    • A common operational picture (COP) is a single identical display of relevant (operational) information (e.g. position of own troops and enemy troops, position and status of important infrastructure such as bridges, roads, etc.) shared by more than one Command. A COP facilitates collaborative planning and combined execu ... Read »


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    • Compound (fortification)

    • In military science, a compound is a type of fortification made up of walls or fences surrounding several buildings in the center of a large piece of land. The walls can either serve the purpose of being tall, thick, and impenetrable, in which case they would be made of wood, stone, or some other like substance; or dan ... Read »


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    • Concept of operations

    • A concept of operations (abbreviated CONOPS, CONOPs, or ConOps) is a document describing the characteristics of a proposed system from the viewpoint of an individual who will use that system. It is used to communicate the quantitative and qualitative system characteristics to all stakeholders. CONOPS are widely used in ... Read »


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    • Connections (journal)

    • Connections is a quarterly peer-reviewed open access academic journal covering security, defense, armed forces, conflict, intelligence, history, war, and related issues. It was established in 2002 by the Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes and is published in English in ... Read »


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    • Constantly computed impact point

    • A Constantly Computed Impact Point (CCIP) related to the Continually Computed Release Point (CCRP) is a calculation provided by a weapon's sighting system. It is a predicted point of impact found from the launch platform's movement, the target's movement, gravity, projectile launch velocity, projectile drag, and other ... Read »


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    • Cooperative 09

    • Cooperative 09 or more commonly Cooperative Longbow/Cooperative Lancer 09 is the name of NATO military exercise held in Georgia within the framework of Partnership for Peace, Mediterranean Dialogue and Istanbul Cooperation Initiative programmes from May 6 until June 3, 2009. Exercises were conducted 30 km from Tbilisi ... Read »


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    • Correaje boliviano de cuero

    • Correaje boliviano de cuero (English: Bolivian leather harness) is the webbing equipment used by the Bolivian Army. The webbing is in black leather and comes with leather magazine pouches. ... Read »


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    • Council of South American Defense

    • The Council of South American Defense (Spanish: Consejo de Defensa Suramericano, Portuguese: Conselho de Defesa Sul-Americano, Dutch: Zuid-Amerikaanse Defensie Raad) is a mechanism that aims to promote the exchange of safety among the countries that make up the Union of South American Nations, such as military exchange ... Read »


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    • Council of war

    • A council of war is a term in military science that describes a meeting held to decide on a course of action, usually in the midst of a battle. Under normal circumstances, decisions are made by a commanding officer, optionally communicated and coordinated by staff officers, and then implemented by subordinate officers. ... Read »


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    • Counter-offensive

    • A counter-offensive is the term used by the military to describe large-scale, usually strategic offensive operations by forces that had successfully halted the enemy's offensive, while occupying defensive positions. The counter-offensive is executed after exhausting the enemy's front line troops and after the enemy re ... Read »


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    • Counterattack

    • A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in "war games". The general objective is to negate or thwart the advantage gained by the enemy during attack, while the specific objectives typically seek to regain lost ground or destroy the attacking enemy (this may take the form ... Read »


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    • Cover (military)

    • In military combat, the concept of cover refers to anything which is capable of physically protecting an individual from enemy fire. This differentiates it from the similar concept of , in that an object or area of concealment only affords the benefit of stealth, not actual protection from small arms fire or artillery ... Read »


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    • Culminating point

    • The culminating point in military strategy is the point at which a military force no longer is able to perform its operations. On the offensive, the culminating point marks the time when the attacking force can no longer continue its advance, because of supply problems, the opposing force, or the need for rest. The ta ... Read »


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    • Cyber force

    • A cyber force is a military branch devoted to cyberwarfare, cybersecurity and counter-cyberwarfare. An example of a cyber force is the Norwegian Cyber Defence Force. A Cyber force can be part of a military branch or a combined command. Retired United States Navy Admiral and Supreme Allied Commander Europe James G. Sta ... Read »


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    • Defence Planning Committee

    • The Defence Planning Committee was a former senior decision-making body on matters relating to the integrated military structure of NATO. It was dissolved following a major committee review in June 2010 and its responsibilities absorbed by the North Atlantic Council. The Defence Planning Committee (DPC) was the ultima ... Read »


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    • Defense industrial base

    • The term defense industrial base (or DIB), also known as the defense industrial and technological base, is used in political science to refer to a government's industrial assets that are of direct or indirect importance for the production of equipment for a country's armed forces. It is loosely associated with realism, ... Read »


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    • Defense line

    • Defense line or fortification line is a geographically-recognizable line of troops and armament, fortified and set up to protect a high-value location during an armed conflict. A defense line may be based on natural difficult terrain features, such as rivers or marshes, mountain ranges, or coastlines; temporary field ... Read »


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    • Defensive war

    • A defensive war (German: Verteidigungskrieg) is one of the causes that justify war by the criteria of the Just War tradition. It means a war where at least one nation is mainly trying to defend itself from another, as opposed to a war where both sides are trying to invade and conquer each other. American supporter ... Read »


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    • Demilitarisation

    • Demilitarisation or demilitarization may mean the reduction of state armed forces. Demilitarisation in this sense is usually the result of a peace treaty ending a war or a major conflict. A drastic voluntary reduction in size of a victorious army is called demobilization. Demilitarisation was a policy in a number of co ... Read »


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    • Demilitarization Protective Ensemble

    • The Demilitarization Protective Ensemble (DPE) is a heat-sealed, one-time-use positive pressure personnel suit. These airtight suits are used by the U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency to provide the highest level of protection against chemical agent exposure for workers accessing areas of chemical weapon disposal pla ... Read »


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    • Demobilization

    • Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status. This may be as a result of victory in war, or because a crisis has been peacefully resolved and military force will not be necessary. The opposite of demobilization is mobilizati ... Read »


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    • Desert Crossing 1999

    • "Desert Crossing" 1999 was a series of war games known simply as Desert Crossing that were conducted in late April 1999 by the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), in order to assess potential outcomes of an invasion of Iraq aimed at unseating Saddam Hussein. The games were led by Marine General Anthony Zinni (ret. ... Read »


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    • Detachment (military)

    • A detachment (from the French détachement) is a military unit. It can either be detached from a larger unit for a specific function or (particularly in United States Military usage) be a permanent unit smaller than a battalion. The term is often used to refer to a unit that is assigned to a different base from the p ... Read »


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    • Detachment left in contact

    • Detachment left in contact (DLIC) is a military maneuver. A portion of the main force is left in contact position while the rest of the unit maneuvers to another attacking position. "Detachment left in contact" maintains the appearance of a full unit in contact until ordered otherwise. ... Read »


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    • Dignified transfer

    • In the United States Armed Forces, a dignified transfer is a procedure honoring the return of the remains of a servicemember from the theater of operations where they have died in the service of the United States. The transfer is conducted upon arrival at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, from the arriving aircraft to a ... Read »


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    • Military Counterintelligence Directorate

    • Dirección de Contra-Inteligencia Militar is the military intelligence department of the Ministry of Revolutionary Armed Forces of Cuba. The non-military intelligence agency of Cuba is the Dirección de Inteligencia. ... Read »


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    • Dirección General de Contrainteligencia Militar


    • Drill hall

    • A drill hall is a place such as a building or a hangar where soldiers practice and perform military drill. In the United Kingdom and Commonwealth, the term was also used for the whole headquarters building of a military reserve unit, which usually incorporated such a hall. Many of these drill halls were built through p ... Read »


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    • Duffel bag

    • A duffel bag (duffle bag, kit bag or gym bag.) is a large cylindrical bag made of cloth (or other fabric) historically with a top closure. The name comes from Duffel, a town in Belgium where the thick cloth used to make the bag originated. More recently, a duffel bag typically refers to the specific style of bag, thou ... Read »


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    • Dumb insolence

    • Dumb insolence is an offence against military discipline in which a subordinate displays an attitude of towards a superior without open disagreement. It is also found in settings such as education in which obedience and deference to a teacher is expected but may be refused by unruly pupils. For example, a pupil may su ... Read »


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    • Dummy round

    • A dummy round or drill round is a round that is completely inert, i.e., contains no primer, propellant, or explosive charge. It is used to check weapon function, and for crew training. Dummy ammunition is distinct from "practice" ammunition, which may contain smaller than normal amounts of propellant and/or explosive. ... Read »


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    • Dwekh Nawsha

    • Dwekh Nawsha

      Nineveh GovernorateNineveh plains Iraqi Armed Forces The Dwekh Nawsha (Syriac: ܕܒܝܚ ܢܦܫܐ‎; literally "one who sacrifices") is a military organization created in June 2014 in order to defend Iraq's Assyrian population from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and possibly reta ... Read »


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    • Dynamic Armor

    • Dynamic Armor or Electric Armour is a type of armour which has been proposed for the protection of ships from shaped charge weapons. The idea is that the system uses a strong electric field to disrupt the jet of ionized gas produced by the warhead. The system has been proposed as an upgrade to the Gerald R. Ford-class ... Read »


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    • Dynamic Weather


    • Eastern Force

    • Eastern Force was a component in 1916, of the British Empire's Egyptian Expeditionary Force which took part in the early Sinai campaign of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War. Commanded by the Canadian Lieutenant-General Charles Macpherson Dobell, it included a mobile arm called the Desert Column, ... Read »


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    • Eastern Humanitarian Operations Medal

    • Eastern Humanitarian Operations Medal

      The Eastern Humanitarian Operations Medal is presented to: East Humanitarian Operation Clasp The clasp shall be awarded to i. The minister of Defence, the deputy Minister of Defence, the Secretary Defence, Service Commanders and the Inspector General of Police by virtue of their appointments. ii. All military perso ... Read »


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    • Economic militarism

    • Economic militarism is the ideology surrounding the use of military expenditure to prop up an economy, or the use of military power to gain control or access to territory or other economic resources. The first important use dates from 1939 with Germany Rampant: A Study in Economic Militarism by Ernest Hambloch, a long ... Read »


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    • Economic warfare

    • The Oxford English Dictionary defines economic warfare or economic war as involving "an economic strategy based on the use of measures (e.g. blockade) of which the primary effect is to weaken the economy of another state". In military operations, economic warfare may reflect economic policy followed as a part of open o ... Read »


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    • Electronic warfare support measures

    • In military telecommunications, the terms Electronic Support (ES) or Electronic Support Measures (ESM) describe the division of electronic warfare involving actions taken under direct control of an operational commander to detect, intercept, identify, locate, record, and/or analyze sources of radiated electromagnetic e ... Read »


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    • Electronics Technician

    • Electronics technicians help design, develop, test, manufacture, install, and repair electrical and electronic equipment such as communication equipment, medical monitoring devices, navigational equipment, and computers. They may be employed in product evaluation and testing, using measuring and diagnostic devices to a ... Read »


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    • Emergency War Plan

    • Emergency War Plan refers to a nation's policy for after an emergency such as an outbreak of war or a natural disaster. ... Read »


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    • End Of Active Service

    • End of Active Service (EAS) is the conclusion of the period of active duty commitment for a member of the United States military. This date can be changed by reenlistment, extension, retirement, renewal of active orders, and administrative separation, among other things. This is not to be confused with Expiration of C ... Read »


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    • End of day

    • End of day (EOD), end of business (EOB), close of business (COB), close of play (COP) or end of play (EOP) is the end of the trading day in financial markets, the point when trading ceases. In some markets it is actually defined as the point in time a few minutes prior to the actual cessation of trading, when the regul ... Read »


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    • Engagement (military)

    • A military engagement is a combat between two forces, neither larger than a division and not smaller than a company, in which each has an assigned or perceived mission. An engagement begins when the attacking force initiates combat in pursuit of its mission, and ends when the attacker has accomplished the mission, or c ... Read »


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    • Envelopment

    • Envelopment is the military tactic of seizing objectives in the enemy's rear with the goal of destroying specific enemy forces and denying them the ability to withdraw. Rather than attacking an enemy head-on as in a frontal assault an envelopment seeks to exploit the enemy's flanks, attacking them from multiple directi ... Read »


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    • Escuela Superior de Guerra (Colombia)

    • The Escuela Superior de Guerra (founded 1909) is a military college under the Military Forces of Colombia. It was founded during the reforms of President Rafael Reyes, himself a former general. Alumni include President Gabriel París Gordillo. ... Read »


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    • Extraction (military)

    • In military tactics, extraction (also exfiltration or exfil), is the process of removing personnel when it is considered imperative that they be immediately relocated out of a hostile environment and taken to a secure area. There are primarily two kinds of extraction: An example of a hostile extraction was the captur ... Read »


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    • Fatigue duty

    • Fatigue duty is the labor assigned to military men that does not require the use of armament. Parties sent on fatigue duty were known in English by the French term "detachemens" according to an 1805 military dictionary. The term is recorded in America in 1776, and in an 1805 British military dictionary. In the United ... Read »


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    • Feigned retreat

    • A feigned retreat is a military tactic whereby an army will pretend to withdraw or that they have been routed in order to lure an enemy into a position of vulnerability. Feigned retreats are one of the more difficult tactics for an army to undertake, and require well-disciplined soldiers. This is because if the enemy p ... Read »


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    • Field shower

    • A field shower is equipment used to provide sanitation and decontamination facilities to military personnel, equipment and vehicles using various liquids, including water in the field of operations. Usually the showering facility is provided by the combat service support elements or decontamination units to combat unit ... Read »


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    • Fieldcraft

    • Fieldcraft is the tactical skill to operate stealthily and the methods used to do so, which can differ during day or night and due to weather or terrain. These skills include camouflage, land and water navigation, understanding the difference between concealment from view and cover from small arms' fire, using the ter ... Read »


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    • Fifer

    • A fifer is a non-combatant military occupation of a foot soldier who originally played the fife during combat. The practice was instituted during the period of Early Modern warfare to sound signals during changes in formation, such as the line, and were also members of the regiment's military band during marches. Thes ... Read »


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    • Final protective fire

    • Final protective fire refers to a tactical plan for a military unit, set up by the forward observer in support of the infantry, to protect itself against overwhelming attack. A final protective fire is an immediately available preplanned barrier of direct and indirect fire designed to provide close protection to friend ... Read »


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    • Firebase Neville

    • Firebase Neville

      Firebase Neville (also known as FSB Neville and LZ Neville) is a former U.S. Marine Corps base north of Khe Sanh in Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam. The base was originally established in December 1968 by the 1st Battalion 4th Marines on Hill 1103 approximately 15 km north of Khe Sanh and just south of th ... Read »


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    • Firebase Nông SÆ¡n


    • Firebase Russell

    • Firebase Russell

      Firebase Russell (also known as FSB Russell and LZ Russell) is a former U.S. Marine Corps base northwest of The Rockpile in Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam. The base was originally established in December 1968 by the 1st Battalion 4th Marines approximately 3 km northwest of The Rockpile and just south of ... Read »


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    • Firing points

    • A firing point is a prepared fighting position from which infantry can defend territory with minimal exposure to return fire. Construction ranges from simple sandbag walls to sophisticated, permanent fortifications. Large artillery emplacements, for example, are vulnerable to attack by lightly armed and mobile troops w ... Read »


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    • Fiscal-military state

    • A fiscal-military state is a state that bases its economic model on the sustainment of its armed forces, usually in times of prolonged or severe conflict. Characteristically, fiscal-military states will subject citizens to high taxation for this purpose. In the past, states such as Spain, the Netherlands and Sweden, w ... Read »


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    • Flushing (military tactic)

    • Flushing (or Flush) is a military tactic whereby grenades, smoke, gunfire, riot control agent, chemical weapons, or various other methods can be used to flush opponents out from cover. Flushing can cause opponents to leave their cover, possibly making them vulnerable to further action, or force them to take up a new p ... Read »


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    • Flying camp

    • A Flying Camp was a military formation employed by the Continental Army in the second half of 1776, during the American Revolutionary War. After the British evacuation of Boston in March 1776, General George Washington met with members of the Continental Congress to determine future military strategy. Faced with defen ... Read »


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    • Flypaper theory (strategy)

    • In military strategy, the flypaper theory is the idea that it is desirable to draw enemies to a single area, where it is easier to kill them and they are far from one's own vulnerabilities. Perhaps the best description of the benefits of the strategy was given by U.S. Army General Ricardo Sanchez, who was commander of ... Read »


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    • Force protection

    • Force protection (FP): Preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense and U.S. Coast Guard personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information. The concept of Force Protection was initially created after the Beirut barrack bombings in Lebanon in 19 ... Read »


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    • Fort Apache (hostile place)

    • Fort Apache is, metaphorically, a building, complex, or defensive site providing shelter from hostile action in the form of crime (in police drama) or native insurrection or enemy attack (in John Ford movies). The metaphor is now used by military and police to refer to a post which is beset/besieged. Recent examples m ... Read »


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    • Fort Leclerc

    • Fort Leclerc is a military fort at the town of Sebha, Libya. The fort was originally built by the Italians. It came under control of the French Foreign Legion during World War Two when General Leclerc and Free French Forces invaded Italian Libya in 1943. In June 1949 the fort was attacked by local rebels. ... Read »


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    • Frog Skin

    • Frog Skin is a battledress camouflage pattern with mottle and disruptive coloration to blend into the environment similar to a frog's crypsis skin. The M1942 Frog Skin pattern was the United States military's first attempt at disruptive coloration camouflage. In 1942, the Marine Raiders were the first issued the F ... Read »


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    • Front (military)

    • A military front or battlefront is a contested armed frontier between opposing forces. It can be a local or tactical front, or it can range to a theater. A typical front was the Western Front in France and Belgium in World War I. ... Read »


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    • Front line

    • A front line (alternative forms: front-line or frontline) in military terminology is the position(s) closest to the area of conflict of an armed force's personnel and equipment, generally referring to maritime or land forces. When a front (an intentional or unintentional boundary) between opposing sides form, the front ... Read »


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    • Fugleman

    • Fugleman (from the German Flügelmann, the man on the Flügel or wing; wingman), properly a military term for a soldier who is selected to act as guide, and posted generally on the flanks with the duty of directing the march in the required line, or of giving the time, etc., to the remainder of the unit, which conf ... Read »


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    • Garras International Antinarcotics Training School

    • The Garras International Antinarcotics Training School (Escuela Garras del Valor) is a military training facility located in Bolivia, which trains military and law enforcement personnel from Bolivia and other Latin American countries in counternarcotics, intelligence, and counterinsurgency techniques. ... Read »


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    • Gender norming

    • 'Gender norming' is the practice of judging female by less stringent standards than their male counterparts, particularly in the workforce. This serves as an affirmative action policy to increase the proportion of women in male-dominated professions. In the US military, fitness,in particular, is determined in relation ... Read »


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    • Geospatial information officer

    • A Geospatial Information Officer (GIO) is the head of geospatial information technology within a civilian, business, government and/or military organization. The high demand for efficient geospatial data requires dedicated leadership in data collection, production and analysis. In March 2008, the U.S. Army Geospat ... Read »


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    • Graphic training aids

    • Graphic training aids (GTAs) are publications that assist during the conduct of training and the process of learning. Current Training Aids come in different forms, including models, displays, slides, books, pictures and media presentations. During World War II, Graphic Training Aids were in high demand. Large quanti ... Read »


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    • Grazing fire

    • Grazing fire is a term used in military science and defined by NATO and the US Department Of Defense as “Fire approximately parallel to the ground where the center of the cone of fire does not rise above one meter from the ground.” Grazing fire is often performed by machine guns. It is tactically advantageous ... Read »


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    • Ground Equipment Facility

    • A Ground Equipment Facility of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is a radar station or other designated Air Traffic Control site of the United States. Several of the facilities originated as Cold War SAGE radar stations, including some facilities of the joint-use site system (JUSS) (e.g., San Pedro Hill Air For ... Read »


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    • Ground Parachute Extraction System

    • Ground Parachute Extraction System (GPES) refers to a method by which ground forces are resupplied by low altitude air drops. It has also been referred to as Ground Proximity Extraction System. The system, developed jointly by the United States Air Force and Army, is similar to the arrester technique used on aircraft c ... Read »


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    • Ground-Based Radar Prototype

    • The Ground-Based Radar Prototype (GBR-P) is an X-band mechanically slewed phased array radar system. It functions primarily as a fire control radar for ballistic missile defence. The radar is used for surveillance (autonomously or by cue from other sensors), and is designed to acquire, track, discriminate targets and p ... Read »


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    • Gun camera

    • Gun cameras are cameras used primarily in aircraft to help measure tactical effectiveness. These cameras are triggered by the firing of a weapon, hence the name. The use of gun cameras first became common for gunnery training in the 1920s though examples were used during World War I by the British Royal Flying Corps. ... Read »


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    • Helicopter Rope Suspension Technique

    • Helicopter Rope Suspension Technique (HRST) is a military term for techniques and methods of rappelling, fast roping, Special Patrol Insertion/Extraction (SPIE) and Jacob’s Ladder operations. Helicopter Rope Suspension was developed as a means to insert and/or extract, by helicopter, ground forces (primarily recon ... Read »


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    • Helocast

    • Helocasting is an airborne technique used by small unit, special operations forces to insert into a military area of operations. The small unit is flown, by helicopter, to a maritime insertion point. Once there, the aircraft assumes an altitude just above the water's surface and an airspeed of 10 knots (19 km/h) or ... Read »


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    • HIMAD

    • HIgh to Medium Air Defense (HIMAD) is a group of anti-aircraft weapons and tactics that have to do with defense against high to medium altitude air threats, primarily aircraft and missiles. HIMAD and its complements, SHORAD (Short Range Air Defense) and THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) divide air defense of ... Read »


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    • Hors de combat

    • Hors de combat, literally meaning "outside the fight", is a French term used in diplomacy and international law to refer to persons who are incapable of performing their ability to wage war. Examples include fighter pilots or aircrews parachuting from their disabled aircraft, as well as the sick, wounded, detained, or ... Read »


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    • Humanitarian corridor

    • A humanitarian corridor is a type of temporary demilitarized zone intended to allow the safe transit of humanitarian aid in, and/or refugees out of a crisis region. Such a corridor can also be associated with a no-fly zone or no-drive zone. In practice "humanitarian corridors" have also been suggested as a means of sup ... Read »


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    • Hunter-killer team

    • A hunter-killer team is one that separates the tasks of finding targets and attacking them, for handling by separate components of the team. Examples include: ... Read »


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    • IBSAMAR

    • IBSAMAR are a series of naval exercises between the navies of India, Brazil, South Africa. The name IBSAMAR is an abbreviation of India-Brazil-South Africa Maritime. The first exercise took place in 2008. IBSAMAR IV took place off the coast of South Africa in October 2014. IBSMAR V was held off the West-coast of Ind ... Read »


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    • Inactive Duty Training

    • Inactive Duty Training (IDT) is authorized training performed by a reservist while not on EAD or an AD tour. The types of IDTs are Training Period (TP), Unit Training Assembly (UTA), and Equivalent Training (ET). ... Read »


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    • Indirect approach

    • The Indirect approach is a military strategy described and chronicled by B. H. Liddell Hart after World War I. It was an attempt to find a solution to the problem of high casualty rates in conflict zones with high force to space ratios, such as the Western Front on which he served. The strategy calls for armies to adva ... Read »


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    • Inland Petroleum Distribution System

    • Inland Petroleum Distribution System (IPDS) a rapid deployment, general support, bulk fuel storage and pipeline system designed to move bulk fuel forward in a theater of operations. The system has a design throughput of 720,000 US gallons (2,700,000 L) per day based on 600 US gallons (2,300 L) per minute at 20 ho ... Read »


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    • Inspectorate

    • An Inspectorate or Inspectorate-General (or General Inspectorate) is a civil or military body charged with inspecting and reporting on some institution or institutions in its field of competence. Inspectorates cover a broad spectrum of organizations which vary in a number of terms, notably whether and to the degree to ... Read »


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    • Interdiction

    • Interdiction is a military term for the act of delaying, disrupting, or destroying enemy forces or supplies en route to the battle area. A distinction is often made between strategic and tactical interdiction. The former refers to operations whose effects are broad and long-term; tactical operations are designed to aff ... Read »


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    • Interposing tactics

    • Interposing Tactics is tactical concept, developed under Terrorist Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures, to explain a tactical action where a small-scale action takes place between two combatants, where one manoeuvres into interposition or interjection within a tactical situation, and disrupts the action or activity, of ... Read »


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    • Inverted wedge

    • The inverted wedge is a military formation resembling a "V" or inverted triangle, and is sometimes known as a "V-formation". In the inverted wedge, two units advance abreast of each other, and a third unit follows behind and between the two, in reserve. It is roughly the reverse of the flying wedge formation. The inve ... Read »


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    • IWar

    • iWar is the term used by NATO to describe a form of Internet-based warfare. iWar is distinct in that, information warfare pertains to issues of intelligence. Whereas cyber-warfare and cyber-terrorism, pertain to issues of extelligence. These refer to degrees of sensitivity in military and infrastructure assets, ba ... Read »


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    • Jack-in-the-box effect

    • The jack-in-the-box effect refers to a specific effect of a catastrophic kill on a tank or other turreted armored vehicle in which an ammunition explosion causes the tank's turret to be violently blown off the chassis and into the air. It is named after the child's toy, the jack-in-the-box, in which a puppet pops up. ... Read »


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    • Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre

    • Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre

      The Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC) is a NATO body located in Monsanto (Lisbon), Portugal. The Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre was commissioned on 2 September 2002. Its mission is to serve as NATO’s centre for performing joint analysis of operations, training, exercises and experimenta ... Read »


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    • Joint Interface Control Officer

    • The Joint Interface Control Officer (JICO) is the senior multi-tactical data link interface control officer in support of joint task force operations. The JICO is responsible for effecting planning and management of the joint tactical data link network within a theater of operations. ... Read »


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    • Joint warfare

    • Joint warfare is a military doctrine which places priority on the integration of the various service branches of a state's armed forces into one unified command. Joint warfare is in essence a form of combined arms warfare on a larger, national scale, in which complementary forces from a state's army, navy, air, and spe ... Read »


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    • Joint Warfare Centre

    • Insignia
      Active 23 October 2003– Country
    • Joint Warfare Centre

      The Joint Warfare Centre (JWC) is a NATO establishment headquartered in Stavanger, Norway. It was established at JÃ¥ttÃ¥ on 23 October 2003 as a subordinate command of Headquarters Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (HQ SACT). The purpose of this was to have a command with responsibility for training and exer ... Read »


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    • The Journal of Slavic Military Studies

    • The Journal of Slavic Military Studies  

      The Journal of Slavic Military Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes articles relating to military affairs of Central and Eastern European Slavic nations, including their history and geopolitics, as well as book reviews. It is published by Routledge and the editor-in-chief is David Glantz ... Read »


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    • Jump smock

    • Jump Smocks are combat jackets especially made for paratroopers or any member of the military involved in parachute deployment. They usually have the wraps around the lower half or sometimes crotch flaps that prevent the smock from 'bellowing' during a parachute descent. Jump Smocks can be found worn by many militaries ... Read »


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    • Junior grade

    • A junior grade is a subdivision of a military rank, lower than the corresponding rank without that qualification. In the U.S. armed forces, the Army formerly appointed warrant officers (junior grade), and the Navy's lieutenants, junior grade are commissioned officers. ... Read »


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    • Juniper Cobra

    • Exercise Juniper Cobra is a five-day combined military exercise between Israel and the United States. The exercise exists to strengthen American-Israeli military cooperation against regional threats, and promote long-term security. In recent years, it has had the additional effect of providing training in the case of a ... Read »


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    • Kearny air pump

    • The Kearny air pump is an expedient air pump used to ventilate a shelter. The design is such that a person with normal mechanical skills can construct and operate one. It is usually human-powered and designed to be employed during a time of crisis. It was designed to be used in a fallout shelter, but can be used in any ... Read »


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    • Killed in action

    • Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces. The United States Department of Defense, for example, says that those declared KIA need not have fired their weapons but have been killed due to hostile attack. ... Read »


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    • Killing field

    • A killing field, in military science, is an area in front of a defensive position that the enemy must cross during an assault and is specifically intended to allow the defending troops to incapacitate a large number of the enemy. Defensive emplacements such as anti-tank obstacles, barbed wire and minefields are often u ... Read »


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    • Kočevski Rog massacre


    • Kurram incident

    • Kurram incident

      On 30 September 2010, U.S. helicopters entered Pakistani airspace after ground troops determined that a mortar attack by militants in Pakistan was imminent, according to the Coalition. Pakistani Frontier Corps troops manning the Mandata Kadaho border post fired warning shots, and the helicopters responded by firing two ... Read »


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    • La Orchila

    • La Orchila

      La Orchila is an island and a military base off the coast of Venezuela, north of Caracas. It has numerous beaches, including one where the sand is markedly pink (Arena Rosada). There is a presidential retreat on this island, and the residential complex reserved for the military houses consists mainly of elevated house ... Read »


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    • Land navigation (military)

    • Land navigation, or orienteering, is the military term for the study of traversing through unfamiliar terrain by foot or in a land vehicle. Land navigation includes the ability to read maps, use a compass, and other navigational skills. Land navigation courses are an essential part of military training. Often, these c ... Read »


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    • Landing operation

    • A landing operation is a military action aimed at a bringing the landing force usually via landing craft to a shore or to land with the purpose of power projection ashore by forces coming usually from ships and also aircraft and able to fight. Landing may refer to bringing of either seafaring (naval landing forces, i. ... Read »


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    • Laser warning receiver

    • A laser warning receiver is a type of warning system used as a passive military defence. It detects, analyzes, and locates directions of laser emissions from laser guidance systems and laser rangefinders. Then it alerts the crew and can start various countermeasures, like smoke screen, aerosol screen (e.g. Shtora), act ... Read »


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    • Leave (military)

    • In military forces, leave is a permission to be away from one's unit, either for a specified or unspecified period of time. The term AWOL, standing for absent without leave, is a term for desertion used in armed forces of many English speaking countries. Various militaries have specific rules that regulate leaves. B ... Read »


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    • Lieutenants Protection Association

    • In military terms, a Lieutenants Protection Association (sometimes also called a "Lieutenants Protection Agency" or "LPA") is an informal group of junior officers. Many young offers find the Lieutenant Protection Association/Agency community is the best way to make an impact and a successful start to their military car ... Read »


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    • Line of Departure

    • In the military, a Line of Departure or Start Line is the starting position for an attack on enemy positions. ... Read »


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    • List of accidents and incidents involving transport or storage of ammunition

    • Accidents and incidents involving transport or storage of ammunition include: ... Read »


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    • Littoral (military)

    • Littoral combat is a term in military and naval warfare. It refers to operations in and around the littoral zone, within a certain distance of shore, including surveillance, mine-clearing and support for landing operations and other types of combat shifting from water to ground, and back. The Littoral combat ship is b ... Read »


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    • Littoral Airborne Sensor/Hyperspectral


    • Local operational picture

    • A local operational picture (LOP) is a single identical display of relevant (operational) information of the battlespace (e.g. position of own troops and enemy troops, position and status of important infrastructure such as bridges, roads, etc.) constructed for local use. A LOP is an emerging military concept. Althoug ... Read »


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    • Lodgement

    • A lodgement is an enclave taken by and defended by force of arms against determined opposition made by increasing the size of a bridgehead, beachhead or airhead into a substantial defended area, the rear parts of which—at the least— are out of direct line of fire. Example: ... Read »


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    • Loss exchange ratio

    • Loss exchange ratio is a figure of merit in attrition warfare. It is usually relevant to a condition or state of war where one side depletes the resources of another through attrition. Specifically and most often used as a comparator in aerial combat, where it is known as a kill-ratio. For example, during the Korean Wa ... Read »


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    • Loss of Strength Gradient

    • The Loss of Strength Gradient (LSG) is a military concept devised by Kenneth E. Boulding in his 1962 book Conflict and Defense: A General Theory. He argued that the amount of a nation's military power that could be brought to bear in any part of the world depended on geographic distance. The Loss of Strength Gradient d ... Read »


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    • Mahishmati-Kalkeya War

    • Amrendra 'Bahubali' Bhallal Deva Mahishmati-Kalkeya War or simply Kalkeya War was a war portrayed in film Bahubali. The war was fought between Mahishmati Kingdom and the tyrant tribal warriors Kalkeyas. ... Read »


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    • Main supply route

    • A main supply route (MSR) is the route or routes designated within an area of operations upon which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations. ... Read »


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    • Malek Military Center

    • The Malek Military Center is a military training camp described in the allegations against some Guantanamo Bay detainees. ` ... Read »


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    • McGuire rig

    • The “McGuire Rig” was used to extract soldiers from the jungles of Vietnam. It would be suspended from a helicopter and used to extract soldiers from areas without a suitable pick-up zone. It was simple, inexpensive, and effective. Although less comfortable than the STABO (Short Tactical Air Borne Operations) ... Read »


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    • Melee

    • Melee (/ˈmeɪleɪ/ or /ˈmɛleɪ/, French: mêlée [mɛle]; the French spelling is also quite frequent in English writing) generally refers to disorganized close combat in battles fought at abnormally close range with little central control once it starts. The French term was first used in English i ... Read »


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    • Memorial square

    • A memorial square is an intersection dedicated in memory of someone, usually someone who was killed in a war. It is not the same as a town square. While the name of a town square is used to describe where something is located, the name of a memorial square is not used in the same manner. ... Read »


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    • MGARJS

    • The Mobile Ground-to-Air Radar Jamming System (MGARJS) provides electronic warfare field support capability to protect high-value targets and installations. The MGARJS consists of mobile stations placed strategically about high-value installations. The exact complement of station types and quantities is tailored to th ... Read »


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    • Mid-life update

    • A mid-life update, particularly in the context of defence, is maintenance or renovation designed to extend the usefulness and capability of an item. ... Read »


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    • Militarism heritage tourism

    • Militarism heritage tourism is a type of tourism, when people are visiting places of former military sites. For example, visiting former military sites and facilities. Interesting reminders of former military sites are in the Baltic States, which used to be occupied by the USSR. ... Read »


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    • Military administration

    • Military administration identifies both the techniques and systems used by military departments, agencies, and Armed Services involved in the management of the armed forces. It describes the processes that take place within military organisations outside of combat, particularly in managing military personnel, their tra ... Read »


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    • Military aid

    • Military aid is aid which is used to assist a country or its people in its defense efforts, or to assist a poor country in maintaining control over its own territory. Many countries receive military aid to help with counter-insurgency efforts. Military aid can also be given to a rebellion to help fight another country. ... Read »


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    • Military airspace

    • Military airspace is any area in which military aircraft are present and participate in a variety of activities. There are many kinds of airspace. Military Operating Areas (MOA) are zones in which military aircraft conduct non-hazardous exercises. It is highly recommended that pilots check for information on the M ... Read »


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    • Military asset

    • In military usage, a military asset is a weapon or means of production of weapons or other defensive or offensive devices or capabilities. Whether a military asset is considered a capital asset, or part of a public infrastructure, is a matter of definition. War planners may deem individuals and other items in war zone ... Read »


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    • Military brace

    • The military brace is a body posture, sometimes known as scapular posterior depression or the costoclavicular maneuver. It is a modification of standing at attention that is primarily used in military schools. It is also used in the diagnosis of and thoracic outlet syndrome. The position is described as first standin ... Read »


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    • Military camp

    • A military camp or bivouac (see Bivouac shelter) is a semi-permanent facility for the lodging of an army. Camps are erected when a military force travels away from a major installation or fort during training or operations, and often have the form of large campsites. In the Roman era the military camp had highly styli ... Read »


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    • Military deployment

    • Military deployment is the movement of armed forces and their logistical support infrastructure around the world. The United States Military defines the term as follows: Deployment encompasses all activities from origin or home station through destination, specifically including intra-continental United States, ... Read »


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    • Military drums

    • Military drums or war drums are all kinds of drums and membranophones that have been used for martial music, including military communications, as well as drill, honors music and military ceremonies. Among ancient war drums that can be mentioned, junjung was used by the Serer people in West Africa. The Rigveda des ... Read »


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    • Military exclusion zone

    • A military exclusion zone (MEZ) is an area in the immediate vicinity of a military action established by a country to prevent the unauthorized entry of civilian personnel/equipment for their own safety or to protect natural assets already in place in the zone. It is also established to prevent an enemy from acquiring a ... Read »


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    • Military humanism

    • Military humanism is the use of force and violence to further a humanitarian cause. Although it can easily be disputed whether or not furthering a humanitarian cause is the real intention behind such an action, the theoretical descriptive guideline still applies. The U.S.-led North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) i ... Read »


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    • Military night

    • A military night or Prussian night refers to the custom of allowing complaints and the like only the day later in order to ensure a rethinking of the occasion overnight. This custom originated from the Prussian and British Armies and, as set out in the Military Complaints Regulations of the German Armed Forces or the G ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Military stubs

Extras