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    Household chemicals

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Household chemicals

    • Bleaches

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Bleaches


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    • Cleaning product components

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Cleaning product components


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    • Cosmetics chemicals

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Cosmetics chemicals


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    • Household chemicals

    • Household chemicals are non-food chemicals that are commonly found and used in and around the average household. They are a type of consumer goods, designed particularly to assist cleaning, pest control and general hygiene purposes. Food additives generally do not fall under this category, unless they have a use other ... Read »


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    • Acetic acid

    • Acetic acid

      AcetamideAcetic anhydrideAcetonitrileAcetyl chlorideEthanolEthyl acetatePotassium acetateSodium acetateThioacetic acid Acetic acid /əˈsiːtáµ»k/, systematically named ethanoic acid /ˌɛθəˈnoʊᵻk/, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as ... Read »


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    • Acetone

    • Acetone

      Acetone (systematically named 2-propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. It is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, and is the simplest ketone. Acetone is miscible with water and serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically for cleaning purposes in the laboratory. About 6.7 milli ... Read »


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    • Ammonia

    • Ammonia

      Trihydrogen nitride 0.769  kg/m3 (STP) 0.73 kg/m3 (1.013 bar at 15 °C) 681.9 kg/m3 at −33.3 °C (liquid) 817 kg/m3 at −80 °C (transparent solid) Ammonia or azane is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. The simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless ... Read »


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    • Ammonium lauryl sulfate

    • Ammonium lauryl sulfate

      Ammonium lauryl sulfate (ALS) is the common name for ammonium dodecyl sulfate (CH3(CH2)10CH2OSO3NH4). The molecule consists of a long nonpolar hydrocarbon chain and a polar sulfate end group, the combination of which make the material a surfactant. These two components allow the compound to dissolve among both polar an ... Read »


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    • Antifreeze

    • An antifreeze is an additive which lowers the freezing point of a water-based liquid. An antifreeze mixture is used to achieve freezing-point depression for cold environments and also achieves boiling-point elevation ("anti-boil") to allow higher coolant temperature. Freezing and boiling points are colligative properti ... Read »


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    • Bleach

    • Bleach is a chemical that whitens clothing. The bleaching process has been known for millennia, but the chemicals currently used for bleaching resulted from the work of several 18th century scientists. Chlorine is the basis for the most common bleaches: for example, the solution of sodium hypochlorite, which is so ubi ... Read »


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    • Borax

    • Borax

      Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid. Powdered borax is white, consisting of soft colorless crystals that dissolve easily in water. Borax has a wide variety of uses. It is a component of many detergents, cos ... Read »


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    • 2-Butoxyethanol

    • 2-Butoxyethanol

      2-Butoxyethanol is an organic compound with the chemical formula BuOC2H4OH (Bu = CH3CH2CH2CH2). This colorless liquid has a sweet, ether-like odor, as it derives from the family of glycol ethers, and is a butyl ether of ethylene glycol. As a relatively nonvolatile, inexpensive solvent of low toxicity, it is used in man ... Read »


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    • Camphine

    • Camphine was the trade name of a purified spirit of turpentine formerly used for lamps, generally prepared by distilling turpentine with quicklime. Camphine gives a very brilliant light when burned in a lamp, but, to prevent smoking, the lamp must have a very strong draught. To achieve this special lamps were construct ... Read »


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    • Carbon dioxide

    • Carbon dioxide

      Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless and odorless gas that is vital to life on Earth. This naturally occurring chemical compound is made up of a carbon atom covalently double bonded to two oxygen atoms. Carbon dioxide exists in Earth's atmosphere as a trace gas at a concentration of about 0.04 percent ( ... Read »


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    • Cetrimonium bromide

    • Cetrimonium bromide

      Cetrimonium bromide [(C16H33)N(CH3)3]Br; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide; hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide; CTAB] is a quaternary ammonium surfactant. It is one of the components of the topical antiseptic cetrimide. The cetrimonium (hexadecyltrimethylammonium) cation is an effective antiseptic agent against bacteria ... Read »


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    • Citric acid

    • Citric acid

      Citric acid is a weak organic tricarboxylic acid having the chemical formula C6H8O7. It occurs naturally in citrus fruits. In biochemistry, it is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, which occurs in the metabolism of all aerobic organisms. More than a million tons of citric acid are manufactured every year. It is ... Read »


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    • DEET

    • DEET

      N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide, also called DEET (/diːt/) or diethyltoluamide, is the most common active ingredient in insect repellents. It is a slightly yellow oil intended to be applied to the skin or to clothing, and provides protection against mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, chiggers, leeches, and many biting insects. ... Read »


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    • Dibasic ester

    • In chemistry, a dibasic ester or DBE is an ester of a dicarboxylic acid. Depending on the application, the alcohol may be methanol or higher molecular weight monoalcohols. Mixtures of different methyl dibasic esters are commercially produced from short-chain acids such as adipic acid, glutaric acid, and succinic acid. ... Read »


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    • Dimethyldioctadecylammonium chloride

    • Dimethyldioctadecylammonium chloride

      Dimethyldioctadecylammonium chloride also commonly distearyl dimethyl ammonium chloride is an organic compound classified as quaternary ammonium salt. The nitrogen center substituted with two methyl groups and two stearyl groups. The combination of long-chain hydrocarbon groups and the cationic ammonium confers surfact ... Read »


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    • Dioxalin

    • Dioxalin is a reaction product of glycerol with oxalic acid at 533 Kelvin. Its IUPAC name is 5-(hydroxymethyl)-1,4-dioxane-2,3-dione. Dioxalin readily loses two molecules of carbon dioxide at this high temperature to form allyl alcohol and therefore offers an important method for conversion of glycerol to allyl alcohol ... Read »


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    • Ethanol

    • Ethanol

      Ethanol (EtOH), also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts. It is a neurotoxic,psychoactive drug, and one of the oldest recreational drugs. It can cause alcohol intoxication when consumed in su ... Read »


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    • Ethylene glycol

    • Ethylene glycol

      Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting syrup. Ethylene glycol is moderately toxic. Ethyl ... Read »


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    • Glass Plus

    • Glass Plus is a popular glass and multi-surface cleaner. Glass Plus is currently manufactured by Reckitt Benckiser, who purchased the brand from S. C. Johnson. SC Johnson had purchased it from Dow Chemical. Dow Chemical acquired it through its 1986 purchase of Texize. This product does not contain the chemical amm ... Read »


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    • Glycerol

    • Glycerol

      Glycerol /ˈɡlɪsərɒl/ (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic. The glycerol backbone is found in all lipids known as triglycerides. It is widely used in the food industry as a ... Read »


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    • Guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride

    • Guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride is an organic compound that is a water-soluble quaternary ammonium derivative of guar gum. It gives conditioning properties to shampoos and after-shampoo hair care products. The effects of the cationic charge density, guar concentration in aqueous solution, and treatment time on ble ... Read »


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    • Hydrated silica

    • Hydrated silica is a form of silicon dioxide, which has a variable amount of water in the formula. It is also known as silicic acid, a term usually used for its form dissolved in water. It is found in nature, as opal (which has been mined as a gemstone for centuries), and in the cell walls of diatoms. It is also manufa ... Read »


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    • Hydrogen peroxide

    • Hydrogen peroxide

      Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula H 2O 2. In its pure form, it is a colourless liquid, slightly more viscous than water. Hydrogen peroxide is the simplest peroxide (a compound with an oxygen–oxygen single bond). It is used as an oxidizer, bleaching agent and disinfectant. Concentrated hydro ... Read »


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    • Hydroxysultaine

    • Hydroxysultaines are chemical compounds used in high-foaming shampoos, bath products and shower gels especially in conjunction with ether sulfates and alkyl sulfates. They are also used in industrial applications where high, stable foam is required. Chemically, hydroxysultaines are zwitterionic, typically containing co ... Read »


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    • Icaridin

    • Icaridin

      Icaridin, also known as picaridin, KBR 3023, under the INCI name hydroxyethyl isobutyl piperidine carboxylate, and the trade names Bayrepel and Saltidin, is an insect repellent. It has broad efficacy against various insects and is almost colorless and odorless. The name picaridin was proposed as an International Nonpr ... Read »


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    • Insect repellent

    • An insect repellent (also commonly called "bug spray") is a substance applied to skin, clothing, or other surfaces which discourages insects (and arthropods in general) from landing or climbing on that surface. Insect repellents help prevent and control the outbreak of insect-borne (and other arthropod-bourne) diseases ... Read »


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    • Liquid-Plumr

    • Liquid-Plumr is a chemical drain opener made of 0.5–2% sodium hydroxide and 5–10% sodium hypochlorite, and a surfactant, produced by Clorox. The product is safe for septic systems, PVC, plastic, and copper pipes, although is not recommended and can damage rubber piping. The Liquid-Plumr products have a child ... Read »


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    • Lye

    • A lye is a liquid metal hydroxide obtained by leaching ashes (containing largely potassium carbonate or "potash"), or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions. "Lye" is commonly an alternative name of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or historically potassium hydroxide (KOH), though the ... Read »


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    • Mothball

    • Mothballs are small balls of chemical pesticide and deodorant, sometimes used when storing clothing and other articles susceptible to damage from mold or moth larvae (especially clothes moths like Tineola bisselliella). Use of mothballs when clothing is stored out-of-season has given rise to the colloquial usage of the ... Read »


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    • Oxalic acid

    • Oxalic acid

      Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4. It is a colorless crystalline solid that forms a colorless solution in water. Its condensed formula is HOOCCOOH, reflecting its classification as the simplest dicarboxylic acid. Its acid strength is much greater than that of acetic acid. Oxalic acid is a reduc ... Read »


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    • Oxyper

    • Oxyper is a Solvay coated and stabilised sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate (or sodium percarbonate) which combines the properties of sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide. It is an odorless, crystalline, white powder used, when dissolved in water, in cleaning and bleaching applications and as a beer keg and line cleaner. ... Read »


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    • Paint stripper

    • Paint stripper, or paint remover, is a product designed to remove paint and other finishes and also to clean the underlying surface. The removal of paint containing lead may lead to lead poisoning and is regulated in the United States. Other paint removal methods involve mechanical (scraping or sanding) or heat (hot ai ... Read »


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    • Permethrin

    • Permethrin

      Permethrin, sold under the brand name Nix among others, is a medication and insecticide. As a medication it is used to treat scabies and lice. It is applied to the skin as a cream or lotion. As an insecticide it can be sprayed on clothing or mosquito nets such that the insects that touch them die. Side effects include ... Read »


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    • Phenoxyethanol

    • Phenoxyethanol

      Phenoxyethanol is a germicidal and germistatic glycol ether, phenol ether, and aromatic alcohol often used together with quaternary ammonium compounds. Phenoxyethanol is used as a perfume fixative; an insect repellent; an antiseptic; a solvent for cellulose acetate, dyes, inks, and resins; a preservative for pharm ... Read »


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    • 2-Phenylphenol

    • 2-Phenylphenol

      2-Phenylphenol, or o-phenylphenol, is an organic compound that consists of two linked benzene rings and a phenolic hydroxyl group. It is a white or buff-colored, flaky crystalline solid with a melting point of about 57 °C. It is a biocide used as a preservative under the trade names Dowicide, Torsite, Fungal, Pre ... Read »


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    • Piperonyl butoxide

    • Piperonyl butoxide

      Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is an organic compound used as a component of pesticide formulations. It is a waxy white solid. It is a synergist. That is, despite having no pesticidal activity of its own, it enhances the potency of certain pesticides such as carbamates, pyrethrins, pyrethroids, and rotenone. It is a semisynt ... Read »


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    • Polyethylene terephthalate

    • Polyethylene terephthalate

      Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibers for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in ... Read »


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    • Polymethylpentene

    • Poly(4-methyl-1-pentene)

      Polymethylpentene (PMP), also known as Poly(4-methyl-1-pentene), is a thermoplastic polymer of 4-methyl-1-pentene. It is used for gas permeable packaging, medical and laboratory equipment, microwave components, and cookware. It is commonly called TPX, which is a trademark of Mitsui Chemicals. Polymethylpentene is ... Read »


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    • Polyvinyl acetate

    • Polyvinyl acetate

      Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVA, PVAc, poly(ethenyl ethanoate): commonly referred to as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, Elmer's glue in the US, or PVA glue) is an aliphatic rubbery synthetic polymer with the formula (C4H6O2)n. It belongs to the polyvinyl esters family with the general formula -[RCOOCHCH2 ... Read »


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    • Propylene glycol

    • Propylene glycol

      Propylene glycol, also called propane-1,2-diol, is a synthetic organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2. It is a viscous colorless liquid which is nearly odorless but possesses a faintly sweet taste. Chemically it is classed as a diol and is miscible with a broad range of solvents, including water, acetone, an ... Read »


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    • Pyrethroid

    • A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum). Pyrethroids now constitute the majority of commercial household insecticides. In the concentrations used in such products, they may also have insect repellent pr ... Read »


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    • Pyrethrum

    • Pyrethrum was a genus of several Old World plants now classified as Chrysanthemum or Tanacetum (e.g., C. coccineum) which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy flower heads. Pyrethrum continues to be used as a common name for plants formerly included in the genus Pyrethrum. Pyrethrum is also the name of a natur ... Read »


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    • Sodium bicarbonate

    • Sodium bicarbonate

      1.1 to 1.3 as a powder 96 g/L (20 °C) 165 g/L (60 °C) 236 g/L (100 °C) 6.351 (carbonic acid) Potassium bicarbonate Sodium hydrogen phosphate Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate) is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. It is a salt composed of sodium ions and bicarbon ... Read »


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    • Sodium carbonate

    • Sodium carbonate

      Sodium carbonate (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate), Na2CO3, is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid. It most commonly occurs as a crystalline decahydrate, which readily effloresces to form a white powder, the monohydrate. Pure sodium ca ... Read »


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    • Sodium chloride

    • Sodium chloride

      Sodium chloride /ˌsoʊdiəm ˈklɔːraɪd/, also known as salt or halite, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of seawater and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellul ... Read »


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    • Sodium hydroxide

    • Sodium hydroxide

      Lye Ascarite White caustic Lithium hydroxidePotassium hydroxideRubidium hydroxide Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound. It is a white solid and highly caustic metallic base and alkali of sodium which is available in pellets, flakes, granules, and as prepared solutions ... Read »


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    • Sodium laureth sulfate

    • Sodium laureth sulfate

      Sodium laureth sulfate (SLES), an accepted contraction of sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), is an anionic detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products (soaps, shampoos, toothpaste etc.). SLES is an inexpensive and very effective foaming agent. SLES, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), ammonium lauryl sulfat ... Read »


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    • Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate

    • Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate

      Sodium lauroyl sarcosinate (INCI), also known as sarkosyl, is an ionic surfactant derived from sarcosine used as a foaming and cleansing agent in shampoo, shaving foam, toothpaste, and foam wash products. In molecular biology experiments, sarkosyl is used to inhibit the initiation of DNA transcription. This surfactant ... Read »


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    • Sodium myreth sulfate

    • Sodium myreth sulfate

      Sodium myreth sulfate is a mixture of organic compounds with both detergent and surfactant properties. It is found in many personal care products such as soaps, shampoos, and toothpaste. It is an inexpensive and effective foaming agent. Typical of many detergents, sodium myreth sulfate consists of several closely relat ... Read »


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    • Stain removal

    • Stain removal is the process of removing a mark or spot left by one substance on a specific surface like a fabric. A solvent or detergent is generally used to conduct stain removal and many of these are available over the counter. If a stain has "set", it has become chemically bonded to the material that it has st ... Read »


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    • Styrene-acrylonitrile resin

    • Styrene acrylonitrile

      Styrene acrylonitrile resin is a copolymer plastic consisting of styrene and acrylonitrile. It is also known as SAN. It is widely used in place of polystyrene owing to its greater thermal resistance. The chains of the polymer show alternating repeat units of styrene and acrylonitrile, and it is a copolymer. The relati ... Read »


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    • Sulfamic acid

    • Sulfamic acid

      Sulfamic acid, also known as amidosulfonic acid, amidosulfuric acid, aminosulfonic acid, and sulfamidic acid, is a molecular compound with the formula H3NSO3. This colorless, water-soluble compound finds many applications. Sulfamic acid melts at 205 °C before decomposing at higher temperatures to H2O, SO3, SO2, a ... Read »


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    • Tetramethrin

    • Tetramethrin

      Tetramethrin is a potent synthetic insecticide in the pyrethroid family. It is a white crystalline solid with a melting point of 65-80 °C. The commercial product is a mixture of stereoisomers. It is commonly used as an insecticide, and affects the insect's nervous system. It is found in many household insecticide p ... Read »


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    • Turpentine

    • Turpentine

      Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines. It is mainly used as a solvent and as a source of materials for organic synthesis. Turpentine is composed of terpenes, mainly ... Read »


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    • V-Bor

    • V-Bor is a commercially packaged form of borax pentahydrate (Na2B4O7·5H2O). It is produced by the Searles Valley Minerals company from minerals mined at Searles Lake. It has most of the same uses as borax. It is also used to neutralize skins/hides in leather tanning, corrects boron deficiency in plants, reduces melt ... Read »


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    • Vanish (brand)

    • Vanish is a brand of toilet bowl cleaner produced by S. C. Johnson in North America. They obtained the brand through the purchase of The Drackett Company in 1992. The Vanish name has since accompanied S. C. Johnson's Scrubbing Bubbles brand as a sub-brand. Drackett purchased the product from inventor Judson Dunaway o ... Read »


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    • Vinegar

    • Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water, and other trace chemicals, which may include flavorings. The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Vinegar is now mainly used as a cooking ingredient, or in pickling. As the most easily manufacture ... Read »


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    • White spirit

    • White spirit (UK) or mineral spirits (US, Canada), also known as mineral turpentine (AU/NZ), turpentine substitute, petroleum spirits, solvent naphtha (petroleum), varsol, Stoddard solvent, or, generically, "paint thinner", is a petroleum-derived clear liquid used as a common organic solvent in painting and decorating. ... Read »


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    • Windex

    • Windex

      Windex is the brand name of a glass and hard-surface cleaner manufactured since 1933. S. C. Johnson acquired Windex in 1993 and has been manufacturing it since. The product was reformulated in 2006. When Windex was invented in 1933 by Harry R. Drackett, it was almost 100% solvent and highly flammable, and had to be so ... Read »


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