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  • Extinct languages

    Extinct languages

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    • Extinct languages by continent

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Extinct languages by continent


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    • Extinct languages by time

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Extinct languages by time


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    • Lists of extinct languages

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Lists of extinct languages


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    • Ancient languages

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient languages


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    • Last known speakers of a language

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Last known speakers of a language


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    • Medieval languages

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Medieval languages


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    • List of last known speakers of languages

    • Any language is determined to be an extinct language when the last native or fluent speaker of that language dies. Out of the nearly 7,000 living languages, there are some 500 classified as nearly extinct because "only a few elderly speakers are still living". ... Read »


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    • Aegean languages

    • Aegean languages

      Tyrsenian (also Tyrrhenian), named after the Tyrrhenians (Ancient Greek, Ionic: Τυρσηνοί, Tursēnoi), is a hypothetical extinct family of closely related ancient languages proposed by Helmut Rix (1998), that consists of the Etruscan language of central Italy, the Raetic of the Alps, and the Le ... Read »


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    • Apingi language

    • Apingi, also known as Apiaká (of Tocantins), is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Arara branch. ... Read »


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    • Arakajú language


    • Old Aramaic language

    • Old Aramaic refers to the earliest stage of the Aramaic language, taken to give way to Middle Aramaic by the 3rd century (a conventional date is the rise of the Sassanid Empire in 224 CE). Emerging as the language of the Aramaean city-states of the Levant in the Early Iron Age, Old Aramaic was adopted as a lingua fran ... Read »


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    • Baenan language

    • Baenan (Baenã, Baenán, Baena) is a poorly attested language of Brazil. The last remaining speaker lived in Bahia, Brazil in 1940. The language of this speaker was associated with the Baenan language as the last members of the Baenan tribe lived in Paragaçú, Bahia, near where the language was attested. There ... Read »


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    • Bidau Creole Portuguese

    • Bidau Creole Portuguese (Português de Bidau) was a Portuguese-based creole language that was spoken in Bidau, an eastern suburb of Dili, East Timor until the 1960s, when the speakers shifted to standard Portuguese. Bidau Creole Portuguese grew out of the Portuguese spoken by settlers and Mestiços from Flores Isl ... Read »


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    • Boanarí language


    • Cayuse language

    • The Cayuse language (Cailloux, Willetpoos) is an extinct unclassified language formerly spoken by the Cayuse Native American tribe in the U.S. state of Oregon. The Cayuse name for themselves was Liksiyu (see Aoki 1998). Similarities to Molala, the language of people to the south of them in central Oregon, are thought ... Read »


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    • Extinct language

    • An extinct language or dead language is a language that no longer has any speakers, especially if it has no living descendants. In the modern period, language death has typically resulted from the process of cultural assimilation leading to language shift, and the gradual abandonment of a native language in favour of ... Read »


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    • Frankish language

    • Frankish (reconstructed Frankish: *Frenkisk), Old Franconian, or Old Frankish was the West Germanic language spoken by the Franks between the 4th and 8th century. The language itself is poorly attested, but it gave rise to numerous loanwords in Old French. Old Dutch is the term for the Old Franconian dialects spoken in ... Read »


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    • Isaurian language

    • Isaurian is an extinct language spoken in the area of Isaura, Asia Minor. The personal names of its users appear to be derived from Luwian and thus Indo-European. Epigraphic evidence, including funerary inscriptions, is found into the 5th century AD. ... Read »


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    • Juma language (Carib)

    • Juma is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Arara branch. ... Read »


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    • Kilit dialect

    • Kilit is an extinct Iranian dialect of Azerbaijan that is closely related to Talysh. It is probably a dialect of Iranian Tati, otherwise found only in Iran. It was spoken in the villages around Kilit, located 12 kilometers southwest from the city of Ordubad in a district with the same name of Nakhchivan in Azerbaijan. ... Read »


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    • Manangkari language

    • Manangkari (Maung language), also known as Naragani, is an extinct Australian aboriginal language once spoken in the Cobourg Peninsula, Northern Territory. Manangkari belongs to the Iwaidjan family of languages, and may be a dialect of Maung. Like most Iwaidjan languages, but unlike Marrgu, Manangkari does not have ... Read »


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    • Matanawi language

    • Matanawi (Matanauí, Mitandua, Moutoniway) was a divergent Amazonian language that appears to be distantly related to the Muran languages. ... Read »


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    • Morique language

    • Morique (Morike) is an extinct, poorly attested, and unclassified Arawakan language. ... Read »


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    • Mucuchí language


    • Old Anatolian Turkish

    • Old Anatolian Turkish

      Old Anatolian Turkish (Modern Turkish: Eski Anadolu Türkçesi) is the stage in the history of the Turkish language spoken in Anatolia from the 11th to 15th centuries. It developed into Early Ottoman Turkish. It was written in the Arabic script. Unlike in later Ottoman Turkish, short-vowel diacritics were used. De ... Read »


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    • Palmela language

    • Palmela is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) notes that it was phonologically divergent. ... Read »


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    • Paravilyana language

    • Paravilyana (Paravilhana) is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Kaufman (2007) placed it in his Pawishiana branch. ... Read »


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    • Pimenteira language

    • Pimenteira is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. ... Read »


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    • Pre-Indo-European languages

    • Pre-Indo-European languages are any of several old languages, not necessarily related to one another, that existed in prehistoric Europe and South Asia before the arrival of speakers of Indo-European languages. The oldest Indo-European language texts date from 19th century BC in Kültepe in modern-day Turkey, and whi ... Read »


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    • Samaritan Aramaic language

    • Samaritan Aramaic, or Samaritan, is the dialect of Aramaic used by the Samaritans in their sacred and scholarly literature. This should not be confused with the Samaritan Hebrew language of the Scriptures. Samaritan Aramaic ceased to be a spoken language some time between the 10th and the 12th centuries. In form it re ... Read »


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    • Sapará language


    • Śāradā script


    • Strand Frisian

    • Strand Frisian was a dialect of the North Frisian language which was originally spoken on Strand island, Duchy of Schleswig. Strand was destroyed in the Burchardi flood of 1634 with its remnants forming the islands Pellworm and Nordstrand which are now part of Germany. Strand Frisian is counted among the mainland group ... Read »


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    • Tehotitachsae

    • The Tehotitachsae were an indigenous people of North America originally from Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Their principal village, Gohontoto, was on the site of the present Borough of Wyalusing. Moravian Bishop John F. Cammerhoff wrote of a visit in 1750, "Here, they tell me, was in early times an Indian town, trac ... Read »


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    • Tiverikoto language

    • Tiverikoto (Tivericoto) is an extinct and poorly attested Cariban language. Terrence Kaufman placed it with Yao in his Yao group. ... Read »


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    • Trojan language

    • The language spoken by the Trojans in the Iliad is Homeric Greek. However, there has been some scholarly debate on what language the historical Trojans would have spoken at the time of the Trojan War, identified with the site Troy VIIa. The language likely to have been prevalent in the historical city is Luwian, althou ... Read »


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    • Waikuri language

    • Waikuri language

      Waikuri (Guaycura, Waicura) is an extinct language of southern Baja California spoken by the Waikuri or Guaycura people. The Jesuit priest Baegert documented words, sentences and texts in the language between 1751 and 1768. Waikuri may be, along with the Yukian and Chumashan languages and other languages of southern B ... Read »


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    • Wajumará language


    • Ware language

    • Ware is an extinct Bantu language near Lake Victoria in East Africa. When an SIL team failed to find any speakers, Ethnologue retired the ISO code, apparently not realizing the language was known to be extinct. ... Read »


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    • Wursten Frisian

    • Wursten Frisian was a dialect of the East Frisian language that is thought to have been spoken until the early 18th century in the landscape of Wursten between Bremerhaven and Cuxhaven, Germany. Together with Harlingen Frisian and Wangerooge Frisian it belonged to the Weser Frisian group of dialects. The last East Fris ... Read »


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    • Yarumá language (Carib)


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  • What Else?

    • Extinct languages

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