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  • Ancient Greek geography

    Ancient Greek geography

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Greek geography

    • Geography

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Classical geography


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    • Ancient Greece

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Greece


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    • Ancient Greek geography by region

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Greek geography by region


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    • Ancient Greek cities

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Greek cities


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    • Delos

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Delos


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    • Ancient Greek explorers


    • Herodotus

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Herodotus


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    • Kingdoms in Greek Antiquity

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Kingdoms in Greek Antiquity


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    • Locations in Greek mythology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Locations in Greek mythology


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    • Thrace

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Thrace


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    • Achaea (ancient region)

    • Achaea (ancient region)

      Achaea or Achaia (/əˈkiːə/, Ancient Greek: [akÊ°aía], Ἀχαΐα) was (and is) the northernmost region of the Peloponnese, occupying the coastal strip north of Arcadia. Its approximate boundaries were to the south the mountain range of Erymanthus, to the south-east the range of Cyllene, ... Read »


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    • Acherusia

    • In Greek mythology, Acherusia (Greek: 'Αχερουσια λιμνη or 'Αχερουσις), was a name given by the ancients to several lakes or swamps, which, like the various rivers called Acheron, were at some time believed to be connected with the lower world, until a ... Read »


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    • Adrasteia (Mysia)

    • Adrasteia or Adrastea (Ancient Greek: Ἀδράστεια, Homeric Ἀδρήστεια) was the name of a region, city, and valley of Mysia, which was watered by the Granicus River. In the eponymous city was an oracle of Apollo and Artemis. The temple had been destroyed by the t ... Read »


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    • Aeolis

    • Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís) or Aeolia (/iːˈoʊli.ə/; Αἰολία, Aiolía) was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek cit ... Read »


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    • Aethiopia

    • Ancient Aethiopia (Greek: Αἰθιοπία) first appears as a geographical term in classical documents in reference to the upper Nile region, as well as all certain areas south of the Sahara desert and south of the Atlantic Ocean. Its earliest mention is in the works of Homer: twice in the Iliad, and ... Read »


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    • Aethiopian Sea

    • Aethiopian Sea

      Aethiopian Sea, Æthiopian Ocean or Æthiopic Ocean (Latin: Æthiopicum Mare or Oceanus Æthiopicus; Arabic: البحر الأثيوبي‎‎) was the name given to the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean in classical geographical works. The name appeared in maps from ancient ti ... Read »


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    • Aetolia

    • Aetolia

      Aetolia (Greek: Αιτωλία) is a mountainous region of Greece on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, forming the eastern part of the modern regional unit of Aetolia-Acarnania. The Achelous River separates Aetolia from Acarnania to the west; on the north it had boundaries with Epirus and Thess ... Read »


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    • Anatolia

    • Coordinates: 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35 Anatolia (from Greek Ἀνατολή, Anatolḗ – "east" or "(sun)rise"; in modern Turkish: Anadolu), in geography known as Asia Minor (from Greek: Μικρὰ Ἀσία MÄ«krá Asía – "smal ... Read »


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    • Aracynthus

    • Aracynthus (Ancient Greek: Ἀράκυνθος) was a range of mountains in Aetolia, the exact position of which is uncertain. It was said to run in a south-easterly direction from the Achelous River to the Evenos, and separating the lower plain of Aetolia near the sea from the upper plain above t ... Read »


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    • Areopagus

    • The Areopagus (/ˌæriˈɒpəɡəs/) is a prominent rock outcropping located northwest of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Its English name is the composite form of the Greek name Areios Pagos, translated "Ares Rock" (Ancient Greek: Ἄρειος Πάγος). In classical times, ... Read »


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    • Ariana

    • Ariana, the Latinized form of the Ancient Greek Ἀρ(ε)ιανή Ar(e)ianē (inhabitants: Ariani; Ἀρ(ε)ιανοί Ar(e)ianoi), was a general geographical term used by some Greek and Roman authors of the ancient period for a district of wide extent between Central Asia and the Indu ... Read »


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    • Borysthenes

    • Borysthenes (Ancient Greek: Βορυσθένης) is a geographical name from classical antiquity. The term usually refers to the Dnieper River and its eponymous river god, but also seems to have been an alternative name for Pontic Olbia, a town situated near the mouth of the same river on the Bl ... Read »


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    • Calpe (Bithynia)

    • Calpe (, Kalpē in Greek) also known "Kerpe" (Kerpe Limanı) is a location in Asia Minor, on the shore of the Black Sea, that was mentioned in Xenophon's Anabasis. A river of Bithynia, the Chalpas of Strabo. It lies between the Psilis, from which it is 210 stadia distant, and the Sangarius. There was also a port c ... Read »


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    • Caria

    • Caria

      Caria (/ˈkɛəriə/; from Luwian: Karuwa, "steep country"; Ancient Greek: Καρία, Karia, Turkish: Karya) was a region of western Anatolia extending along the coast from mid-Ionia (Mycale) south to Lycia and east to Phrygia. The Ionian and Dorian Greeks colonized the west of it and joined the Cari ... Read »


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    • Cebrenia

    • Cebrenia was an ancient country in the Troad, the hinterland of Troy beside the Dardanelles in what is now Turkey. The location of Cebrenia was described by Strabo (c. 64 BCE–24 CE) in section 13.1.33 of his Geography: "Above them [the coastal cities near Troy] lies the plain of Troy, extending as far a ... Read »


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    • Cilicia

    • Cilicia

      In antiquity, Cilicia (/sɪˈlɪʃiə/) was the south coastal region of Asia Minor and existed as a political entity from Hittite times into the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the late Byzantine Empire. Extending inland from the southeastern coast of modern Turkey, Cilicia is due north and northeast of th ... Read »


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    • Cimiatene

    • Cimiatene (/ˌsɪmiəˈtiːni/; Greek: Kιμιατηνή) was an ancient division of Paphlagonia, which took its name from a hill fort, Cimiata, at the foot of the range of Olgassys. Mithridates Ktistes slightly after 302 BC made this his first stronghold, and so became master of the Pontus. T ... Read »


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    • Delos

    • Delos

      The island of Delos (/ˈdiːlɒs/; Greek: Δήλος [ˈðilos]; Attic: Δῆλος, Doric: Δᾶλος), near Mykonos, near the centre of the Cyclades archipelago, is one of the most important mythological, historical and archaeological sites in Greece. The excavations in the ... Read »


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    • Diacria

    • Diacria (Διακρία) is an ancient name for the highlands in the north-east of Attica in Greece, surrounding the Plain of Marathon. Attica may be divided into five natural parts: "North-east of the Athenian plain, between Parnes, Pentelicus, and the sea, is a mountain district, known by the name of ... Read »


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    • Dolopia

    • Dolopia

      Dolopia (Greek: Δολοπία) is a mountainous region of Greece, located north of Aetolia. Dolopia was located between Epirus and Thessaly. Some of their cities were, Angeia, Ctimene (polis) and Dolopeis, close to lake Xynius. The Dolopes (Greek: Δόλοπες) were considered Thess ... Read »


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    • Doric Hexapolis

    • Doric Hexapolis

      The Doric or Dorian Hexapolis (Δωρικὴ Ἑξάπολις or Δωριέων Ἑξάπολις) was a federation of six cities of Dorian foundation in southwest Asia Minor and adjacent islands, largely coextensive with the region known as Doris or Doris i ... Read »


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    • Drangiana

    • Drangiana or Zarangiana (Greek: Δραγγιανή, Drangianē; also attested in Old Western Iranian as Zranka was a historical region and administrative division of the Achaemenid Empire. This region comprises territory around Hamun Lake, wetlands in endorheic Sistan Basin on the Irano-Afghan-Pakis ... Read »


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    • Erythraean Sea

    • Erythraean Sea

      The Erythraean Sea (Greek: Ἐρυθρὰ Θάλασσα, Erythra Thalassa, "Red Sea") is the name in ancient cartography for a body of water located between the Horn of Africa and the Arabian peninsula. The name is now obsolete. This appellation may have derived from the seasonal bloom ... Read »


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    • Galatia

    • Galatia

      Ancient Galatia (/ɡəˈleɪʃə/; Greek: Γαλατία, Turkish: Galatlar) was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia (Ankara, Çorum, Yozgat Province) in modern Turkey. Galatia was named for the immigrant Gauls from Thrace (cf. Tylis), who settled here and became its ruling caste in ... Read »


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    • Gedrosia

    • Gedrosia (/dʒᵻˈdroʊʒə/; Greek: Γεδρωσία) is the Hellenized name of the part of coastal Baluchistan that roughly corresponds to today's Makran. The area which is named Gedrosia, in books about Alexander the Great and his successors, runs from the Indus River to the southern ed ... Read »


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    • Golden Horn

    • The Golden Horn (Turkish: Altın Boynuz; Ancient Greek: Χρυσόκερας, Chrysókeras; Latin: Sinus Ceratinus), also known by its modern Turkish name as Haliç, is a major urban waterway and the primary inlet of the Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey. This prominent body of water is a horn ... Read »


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    • Iardanus

    • The River Iardanus or Iardanes (Ancient Greek: Ἰάρδανος or Ἰαρδάνης) denoted two or three small rivers in classical antiquity. A Iardanus in Elis is referred to in passing in Iliad (Book VII.135), where Nestor remembers Pylians and Arcadians gathered in fight by t ... Read »


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    • Ilisos

    • Ilisos

      The Ilisos or Ilisus (Greek: Ιλισός) is a river in Athens, Greece. Originally a tributary of the Kifissos River, it is now largely channeled underground. Its name is in all probability Pre-Greek: it features the -sós/-ssós/-ttós ending, which it shares with many other toponyms in Attica ... Read »


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    • Katakekaumene

    • Katakekaumene

      Katakekaumene or Catacecaumene (Greek: Κατακεκαυμένη) was a name for a district in Lydia (modern western Turkey), and a in the area, during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The name means "burnt land" or "burnt country", referring to the pitch-black color of the lava and the d ... Read »


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    • Lake Copais

    • Lake Copais, also spelled Kopais or Kopaida (Ancient Greek: Κωπαΐς; Modern Greek: Κωπαΐδα), was a lake in the centre of Boeotia, Greece, west of Thebes. It was drained in the late 19th century. The area where it was located, though now a plain, is still known as Kopaida. W ... Read »


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    • Lelantine Plain

    • The Lelantine Plain (Ancient Greek Ληλάντου πεδίον or Λήλαντον πεδίον) is a fertile plain on the Greek island of Euboea, between Chalcis and Eretria. In the late eighth century BC a dispute over its possession was the cause of the Lelan ... Read »


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    • Lower Macedonia

    • Lower Macedonia (Greek: Κάτω Μακεδονία, Kato Makedonia) or Macedonia proper or Emathia is a geographical term used in Antiquity referring to the coastal plain watered by the rivers Haliacmon, Axius on the west and bounded by Strymon on the east. Its districts were: Pieria, Bottiae ... Read »


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    • Upper Macedonia

    • Upper Macedonia (Greek: Ἄνω Μακεδονία, Ánō Makedonía) is a geographical and tribal term to describe the upper/western of the two parts in which, together with Lower Macedonia, the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon was roughly divided. Upper Macedonia became part of the king ... Read »


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    • Marmara Island

    • Marmara Island (Turkish: Marmara Adası) is a Turkish island in the Sea of Marmara. With an area of 117.8 km2 (45.5 sq mi) it is the largest island in the Sea of Marmara and is the second largest island of Turkey after Gökçeada (older name in Turkish: Ä°mroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros). ... Read »


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    • Massaliote Periplus

    • The Massaliote Periplus or Massiliote Periplus is a theoretical reconstruction of a sixth century BC periplus, or sailing manual, proposed by Adolf Schulten. Schulten believed a Massiliote Periplus had been versified in the lines of the Ora Maritima by Avienus. Schulten dated it to the 6th century BC. It describes a vo ... Read »


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    • Megaris

    • Megaris

      Megaris (Ancient Greek: Μεγαρίς) was a small but populous state of ancient Greece, west of Attica and north of Corinthia, whose inhabitants were adventurous seafarers, credited with deceitful propensities. The capital, Megara, famous for white marble and fine clay, was the birthplace of Euclid. ... Read »


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    • Menouthias

    • Menouthias (Μενουθιάς in Ancient Greek) is ancient trading town most commonly identified with either Pemba Island, Mafia Island or Zanzibar in Tanzania or east Africa, that existed from at least 50 B.C. Along with Rhapta and Azania, the settlement is mentioned in early Greek writings, such as ... Read »


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    • Messenia (ancient region)

    • Messenia (ancient region)

      Messenia or Messinia (Greek: Μεσσηνία) was an ancient district of the southwestern Peloponnese more or less overlapping the modern Messenia region of Greece. To the north it had a border with Elis along the Neda river. From there the border with Arcadia ran along the tops of Mount Elaeum and Mou ... Read »


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    • Mount Lykaion

    • Mount Lykaion

      Mount Lykaion (Ancient Greek: Λύκαιον ὄρος, Lýkaion Óros; Latin: Mons Lycaeus) is a mountain in Arcadia, Greece. Lykaion has two peaks: Stefani to the north and St. Ilias (Άγιος Ηλίας, Agios Īlías) to the south where the altar of Zeus is lo ... Read »


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    • Mountains of the Moon (Africa)

    • Mountains of the Moon (Latin: Montes Lunae, Arabic: Jibbel el Kumri) is an ancient term referring to a legendary mountain or mountain range in east Africa at the source of the Nile River. Various identifications have been made in modern times, the Rwenzori Mountains of Uganda being the most celebrated. People of t ... Read »


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    • Mygdonia

    • Mygdonia (/mɪɡˈdoʊniə/; Greek: Μυγδονία / Μygdonia) was an ancient territory, part of Ancient Thrace, later conquered by Macedon, which comprised the plains around Therma (Thessalonica) together with the valleys of Klisali and Besikia, including the area of the Axios river mout ... Read »


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    • Mysia

    • Mysia

      Mysia (UK /ˈmɪsɪə/, US /ˈmɪʒə/ or /ˈmiːʒə/; Greek: Μυσία, Latin: Mysia, Turkish: Misya) was a region in the northwest of ancient Asia Minor or Anatolia (part of modern Turkey). It was located on the south coast of the Sea of Marmara. It was bounded by Bithynia on the e ... Read »


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    • Neaethus

    • Neaethus was a river falling into what is now the Gulf of Taranto, where the ships of the Greeks were burned by the women of Troy whom they had led captive. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/6A*.html ... Read »


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    • Odysseus Unbound

    • Odysseus Unbound (2005), by Robert Bittlestone with the assistance of Professor James Diggle of Cambridge University and Professor John Underhill of the University of Edinburgh, Paliki, puts forth a premise that a peninsula of Kefalonia is the location of Homer's Ithaca, the home of Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey. Th ... Read »


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    • Geography of the Odyssey

    • Events in the main sequence of the Odyssey (excluding the narrative of Odysseus's adventures) take place in the Peloponnese and in what are now called the Ionian Islands (Ithaca and its neighbours). Incidental mentions of Troy and its house Phoenicia, Egypt and Crete hint at geographical knowledge equal to, or perhaps ... Read »


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    • Pamphylia

    • Pamphylia

      Pamphylia (Greek: Παμφυλία, /pæmˈfɪliə/) was a former region in the south of Asia Minor, between Lycia and Cilicia, extending from the Mediterranean to Mount Taurus (modern-day Antalya province, Turkey). It was bounded on the north by Pisidia and was therefore a country of small exte ... Read »


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    • Parauaea

    • Parauaea (Greek: Παραυαία) was an ancient Greek region in Epirus. The area was incorporated into Macedon in 350 BC as part of Upper Macedonia. The Thesprotian tribe inhabiting it was called Parauaioi (Greek: Παραυαῖοι). Parauaei under king Oroedus (Greek: Ὄρ ... Read »


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    • Paropamisadae

    • The Paropamisadae, also known by other names, were a people who lived in the area of Afghanistan and northern Pakistan during classical antiquity. The name was also used to refer to the lands these people inhabited, properly known as Paropamisus. Paropamisadae is the latinized form of the Greek name Paropamisà ... Read »


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    • Pelasgia

    • Pelasgia (land of Pelasgians) in ancient Greek historical geography may be an earlier toponym of ... Read »


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    • Peraia

    • Peraia, and Peraea or Peræa (from Ancient Greek: ἡ περαία, hē peraia, "land across") in the Classical Antiquity referred to "a community's territory lying 'opposite', predominantly (but not exclusively) a mainland possession of an island state" (Karl-Wilhelm Welwei). Notable examples inc ... Read »


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    • Phocis (ancient region)

    • Phocis (ancient region)

      Phocis was an ancient region in the central part of Ancient Greece, which included Delphi. A modern administrative unit, also called Phocis, is named after the ancient region, although the modern region is substantially larger than the ancient one. Ancient Phocis was about 1,619 km² (625 mi²) in area, boun ... Read »


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    • Pisidia

    • Pisidia

      Pisidia (/pᵻˈsɪdiə/, Greek: Πισιδία, Turkish: Pisidya) was a region of ancient Asia Minor located north of Lycia, bordering Caria, Lydia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, and corresponding roughly to the modern-day province of Antalya in Turkey. Among Pisidia's settlements were Termessus, Selge ... Read »


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    • Pitane (Aeolis)

    • Pitane

      Pitane (Greek: Πιτάνη), near Çandarlı, Turkey, was an ancient Greek town of the ancient region of Aeolis, in Asia Minor. Excavations in the necropolis of Pitane revealed ceramic finds from the Mycenaean, protogeometric, geometric, orientalizing and the Archaic Greece periods. Pitane is bel ... Read »


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    • Pontus (region)

    • Pontus (region)

      Pontus (/ˈpɒntəs/; Greek: Πόντος, "sea") is a historical Greek designation for a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. The name was applied to the coastal region and its mountainous hinterland (rising to the Pontic Alps in the ... Read »


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    • Puranda

    • Puranda was a Bronze Age city in Arzawa near the Astarpa river, in western Anatolia. After Mursili II took over Apasa during his invasion of Arzawa in 1322 BC, the Hursanassan, Surudan, and Attarimman refugees who had fled there moved into Puranda. The prince of Arzawa Tapalazunauli, who had fled to the islands during ... Read »


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    • Salmacis (fountain)

    • Salmacis was a fountain, located near the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. In classical times, it had: "the slanderous repute, for what reason I do not know, of making effeminate all who drink from it. It seems that the effeminacy of man is laid to the charge of the air or of the water; yet it is not these, but rather rich ... Read »


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    • Sea of Marmara

    • Sea of Marmara

      The Sea of Marmara /ˈmɑːrmərə/ (Turkish: Marmara Denizi, Greek: Θάλασσα του Μαρμαρά), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis (Greek: Προποντίς), is the in ... Read »


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    • Taphians

    • In Homeric Greece, the islands of Taphos (Τάφος) lay in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Acarnania in northwestern Greece, home of seagoing and piratical inhabitants, the Taphians (Τάφιοι). Penelope mentions the Taphian sea-robbers when she rebukes the chief of her suitors, and it is dis ... Read »


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    • Tetrapolis (Attica)

    • Tetrapolis (Greek: Τετράπολις) comprised one of the twelve districts into which Attica was divided before the time of Theseus. The district was on a plain in the northeastern part of Attica and contained four cities: Marathon (Μαραθών), Probalinthus (ΠροβΠ... Read »


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    • Thrace

    • Thrace (/ˈθreɪs/; Modern Greek: Θράκη, Thráke; Bulgarian: Тракия, Trakiya; Turkish: Trakya) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe, centered on the modern borders of Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey. In antiquity, it was also referred to as Europe, prior to the ... Read »


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    • Thraco-Macedonian

    • Thraco-Macedonian is a conventional name in the study of ancient history to describe the political geography of Macedonia (region) in antiquity. It may refer to: ... Read »


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    • Trachis

    • Trachis (Ancient Greek: ) was a region in ancient Greece. Situated south of the river Spercheios, it was populated by the Malians. Its main town was also called Trachis until 426 BC, when it was refounded as a Spartan colony and became Heraclea Trachinia. It is located to the west of Thermopylae. Trachis is located ... Read »


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    • Triakontaschoinos

    • The Triakontaschoinos (Greek: Τριακοντάσχοινος, "Land of the Thirty "Schoinoi"), Latinized as Triacontaschoenus, was a term used in the Greco-Roman world for the part of Lower Nubia between the First and Second Cataracts of the Nile. In the Ptolemaic and Roman periods, al ... Read »


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    • Tripolis (Perrhaebia)

    • Tripolis (Greek: Τρίπολις; meaning "three cities") was a district in ancient Perrhaebia, Thessaly, Greece, containing the three cities of Azorus, Pythion (Pythium), and Doliche. (Livy, xlii. 53.) ... Read »


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    • Tripolis (region of Arcadia)

    • Tripolis (Greek: Τρίπολις; meaning "three cities") was a district in ancient Arcadia, Greece consisting of the three cities of Calliae (Calliæ), Dipoena (Dipœna), and Nonacris. ... Read »


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    • Troad

    • Troad

      The Troad (/ˈtroʊˌæd/ or /ˈtroʊəd/) or Troas /ˈtroʊəs/ is the historical name of the Biga Peninsula (modern Turkish: Biga Yarımadası, Ancient Greek: Τρῳάς) in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey. This region now is part of the Çanakkale province of Turkey ... Read »


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    • Troy

    • Troy

      Troy (Ancient Greek: Τροία, Troia and Ἴλιον, Ilion, or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Latin: Trōia and Īlium;Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha;Turkish: Truva or Troya) was a city situated in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as ... Read »


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    • Tymphaea

    • Tymphaea or Tymphaia (Greek: Τυμφαία) was a region in Ancient Greece, specifically Epirus, inhabited by the Tymphaioi, a northwestern Greek tribe that belonged to the Molossian tribal state, or koinon. The region was annexed by and became a province of the Kingdom of Macedon, specifically Upper Mac ... Read »


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    • Yumurtalık


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  • What Else?

    • Ancient Greek geography

Extras