Abuse is the improper usage or treatment of an entity, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit. Abuse can come in many forms, such as: physical or verbal maltreatment, injury, assault, violation, rape, unjust practices; crimes, or other types of aggression.
Abuse of authority, in the form of political corruption, is the use of legislated or otherwise authorised powers by government officials, for illegitimate private gain. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is not considered political corruption. Neither are illegal acts by private persons or corporations not directly involved with the government. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties.
Abuse of authority is separated from abuse of power in that the act is originally condoned, but is extended beyond that initially conceived and is in not all cases
An abuse of discretion is a failure to take into proper consideration, the facts and laws relating to a particular matter; an arbitrary or unreasonable departure from precedent and settled judicial custom.
Abuse of information typically involves a breach of confidence or plagiarism, or extending the confidence of information beyond those authorised.
In the financial world, Insider trading can also be considered a misuse of internal information that gives an unfair advantage in investment.
Abuse of power, in the form of "malfeasance in office" or "official misconduct," is the commission of an unlawful act, done in an official capacity, which affects the performance of official duties. Malfeasance in office is often grounds for a for cause removal of an elected official by statute or recall election.
A cause of action in tort arising from one party making a malicious and deliberate misuse or perversion of regularly issued court process (civil or criminal) not justified by the underlying legal action.
- See: Abuse of corpse
- See: Abuse of dominance
- See: Abuse of indulgences
- See: Abuse of statistics
- See: Abuse#Gaming the system
- See: Position of trust
- See: Academic abuse
- See: Anti-social behaviour, Juvenile delinquency, Parental abuse by adolescents, Parental abuse of adolescents
- See: Abuse#Child abuse
- See: Abuse#Spiritual abuse
- See: Catholic sex abuse cases
- See: Abuse#Prison abuse or prisoner abuse
- See: Abuse#Medical abuse, Bullying in medicine, Patient abuse
- See: Abuse#Substance abuse
- See: Psychological abuse
- See: Workplace abuse or workplace bullying
- See: Gay abuse or gay bashing
- See: Negligence
- See: Financial abuse
- See: Psychological abuse
- See: Abuse#Cyber abuse or cyber bullying
- See: Abuse#Ad hominem abuse
- See: Resident abuse
- See: Abuse#Structural abuse
- See: Abuse#Domestic abuse or domestic violence
- See: Teacher abuse
- See: Nuisance call
- physical aggression (hitting, kicking, biting, shoving, restraining, throwing objects), or threats thereof
- sexual abuse
- emotional abuse
- financial abuse (withholding money or controlling all money, including that of other family members)
- social abuse (restricting access to friends and/or family, insulting or threatening friends and/or family), controlling or domineering
- passive/covert abuse (e.g., neglect)
- economic deprivation
- Baumhoefner, Arlen (2006). Financial Abuse of the Deaf And Hard of Hearing Exposed.
- Bechthold, Henry L (2003). Blowing the Whistle on the Christian Church in America: The Political Hypocrisy, Double Standards and Financial Abuse Exposed.
- Carnot, Edward J (2003). Is Your Parent in Good Hands?: Protecting Your Aging Parent from Financial Abuse and Neglect (Capital Cares).
- Roubicek, Joe (2008). Financial Abuse of the Elderly; A Detective's Case Files Of Exploitation Crimes.
- Barter, Christine (1998). Investigating Institutional Abuse of Children (Policy, Practice, Research). National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC).
- Beker, Jerome (1982). Institutional Abuse of Children and Youth (Child & Youth Services). Routledge.
- Manthorpe J, Penhale B, Stanley N (1999). Institutional Abuse: Perspectives Across the Life Course. Routledge.
- Westcott, Helen L (1991). Institutional Abuse of Children – From Research to Policy: A Review (Policy, Practice, Research S.) National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC).
- have used information which is not publicly available (insider dealing)
- have distorted the price-setting mechanism of financial instruments
- have disseminated false or misleading information.
- Behera, Navnita Chadha Perpetuating the divide: Political abuse of history in South Asia journal Contemporary South Asia, Volume 5, Issue 2 July 1996, Pages 191–205
- Birley, J. Political abuse of psychiatry Psychiatry, Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 22–25
- Bonnie, Richard J. Political Abuse of Psychiatry in the Soviet Union and in China: Complexities and Controversies J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:136–44, 2002
- Zwi, AB. The political abuse of medicine and the challenge of opposing it. Soc Sci Med. 1987;25(6):649-57.
Physical abuse: hitting, beating, or other unauthorised corporal punishment.
Psychological abuse: taunting, sleep deprivation, or other forms of psychological abuse, occasionally white noise
Sexual abuse: forced intercourse, genital mutilation, or other forms of sexual abuse.
Other abuse: refusal of essential medication, humiliation, etc.
Enhanced interrogation: methods implemented in the War on Terror purportedly needed to extract information since other techniques would not yield results.
Torture: any act by which severe pain, whether physical or psychological, is intentionally inflicted
- Dorpat, Theodore L (1996). Gaslighting, the Double Whammy, Interrogation and Other Methods of Covert Control in Psychotherapy and Analysis. Jason Aronson, Incorporated.
- Penfold, P. Susan (1998). Sexual Abuse by Health Professionals: A Personal Search for Meaning and Healing. University of Toronto Press.
- Macpherson, Michael Colin The psychology of abuse (1985) Search for this book: (Amazon | gwp g)