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Indian Cinema

Indian cinema
Number of screens 12,000 single screens (2013)
1200 multiplex screens (2013)
 • Per capita 0.9 per 100,000 (2010)
Produced feature films (2014)
Total 1,969
Number of admissions (2013)
Total 1,978,000,000
Gross box office (2015)
Total US$1.6 billion

The cinema of India consists of films produced across India. Cinema as a medium has gained immense popularity in the country and as many as 1,600 films in various languages of India are produced annually. Indian films have also come to be followed throughout South Asia, the Greater Middle East, Southeast Asia and other countries. Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the "father of Indian cinema". The Dadasaheb Phalke Award, for lifetime contribution to cinema, was instituted in his honour, by the Government of India in 1969, and is the most prestigious and coveted award in Indian cinema.

In the 20th century, Indian cinema, along with the Hollywood and Chinese film industries, became a global enterprise. As of 2013, in terms of annual film output, India ranks first, followed by Nollywood,Hollywood and China. In 2012, India produced 1,602 feature films. The Indian film industry reached overall revenues of $1.86 billion (93 billion) in 2011. This is projected to rise to $3 billion (200 billion) in 2016. In 2015, India had a total box office of US$1.6 billion, the fourth largest in the world outside North America. Enhanced technology paved the way for upgrading from established cinematic norms of delivering product, altering the manner in which content reached the target audience. Visual effects based, super hero science fiction, and epic films like Enthiran, Baahubali, Krrish emerged as blockbusters. Indian cinema found markets in over 90 countries where films from India are screened. The Indian government extended film delegations to foreign countries such as the United States of America and Japan while the country's Film Producers Guild sent similar missions through Europe. The 2015 epic film Rudhramadevi starring Anushka Shetty is the first Indian 3D historical film.

Table: Breakdown by languages
Breakdown of 2016 Indian feature films certified by the Central Board of Film Certification sorted by languages.
Note: This table indicates the number of films certified by the CBFC's regional offices in nine cities. The actual number of films produced may be less.
Language No. of films
Hindi 340 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 340
Tamil 291 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 291
Telugu 275 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 275
Kannada 204 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 204
Marathi 180 (digital) and 1 (celluloid), total of 181
Malayalam 168 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 168
Bengali 149 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 149
Bhojpuri 67 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 67
Punjabi 45 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 45
Gujarati 45 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 45
Odia 41 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 41
Assamese 20 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 20
Rajasthani 10 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 10
Chhattisgarhi 10 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 10
Tulu 10 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 10
Konkani 6 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 6
English 5 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 5
Haryanvi 4 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 4
Maithali 3 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 3
Sindhi 3 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 3
Urdu 3 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 3
Bodo 2 (digital) and 0 (celluloid), total of 2
Others 1 each
Total 1902 (digital) and 1 (celluloid), total of 1903
Award Year of
Awarded by
Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards 1937 Government of West Bengal
National Film Awards 1954 Directorate of Film Festivals,
Government of India
Maharashtra State Film Awards 1963 Government of Maharashtra
Nandi Awards 1964 Governments of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Punjab Rattan Awards 1940 Government of Punjab
Tamil Nadu State Film Awards 1967 Government of Tamil Nadu
Karnataka State Film Awards 1967 Government of Karnataka
Orissa State Film Awards 1968 Government of Odisha
Kerala State Film Awards 1969 Government of Kerala
Award Year of
Awarded by
Filmfare Awards
Filmfare Awards South
1954 Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd.
Screen Awards 1994 Screen Weekly
Zee Cine Awards 1998 Zee Entertainment Enterprises
Asianet Film Awards 1998 Asianet
IIFA Awards 2000 Wizcraft International Entertainment Pvt Ltd
Stardust Awards 2003 Stardust
Zee Gaurav Puraskar 2003 Zee Entertainment Enterprises
Apsara Awards 2004 Apsara Producers Guild
Vijay Awards 2006 Vijay TV
Marathi International Film and Theatre Awards 2010 Marathi Film Industry
South Indian International Movie Awards 2012 South Indian Film Industry
Punjabi International Film Academy Awards 2012 Parvasi Media Inc.
Filmfare Awards East 2014 Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd.

  • The first Tulu film was Enna Thangadi, released in 1971.
  • Dareda Budedi produced by K.N. Taylor was the second feature film, released in 1971.
  • Koti Chennaya (1973) directed by Vishu Kumar was the first history-based Tulu film.
  • The first Tulu colour film Kariyani Kattandi Kandani was produced in 1978 by Aroor Bhimarao.
  • Bisatti Babu produced in 1972 was the first recipient of the state government award for the best Tulu film.
  • Bangar Patler produced in 1993 by Richard Castelino won the highest national and international awards.
  • September 8, directed by Richard Castelino, starring Kannada actor Sunil and Kannada writer, K Shivaram Karanth was shot in 24 hours entirely in Mangalore, a record in the world cinema.
  • Sudda won the award for the best Indian film at the eighth Asian Film Festival "Ocean - Cinefan".
  • Nirel directed by Ranjith Bajpe, produced by Shodhan Prasad and co-produced by San Poojary will be the first Tulu movie totally produced overseas.
  • Rambarooti is an upcoming Tulu language film directed by Prajwal Kumar Attavar. It stars Vj Vineeth,Chirashri Anchan in lead roles and Shruthi Kotyan, Sandesh Shetty Saanu, Shanil Guru, Shabharish Hebbar, Harish Shetty, Nagaraj Attavar, Ananth Upadhyaya, Arpith Adyar, Vivek Gowda, Santhosh Shenoy, Trishanth, Vidya, and Saumya Poojary in supporting roles. It is produced by Prakash Kabettu and Srinivas Ujire under the banner of Opera Dream movies. "Yenchi Saav Ya" is the first Tulu rap song. The film also features the catchy song "Yenchi Saav Ya" ("What the Heck").
  • Suresh Chabria; Paolo Cherchi Usai (1994). Light of Asia: Indian Silent Cinema, 1912–1934. Wiley Eastern. ISBN . 
  • Stanley A. Wolpert (2006). Encyclopedia of India. ISBN . 
  • Desai, Jigna (2004). Beyond Bollywood: The Cultural Politics of South Asian Diasporic Film. Psychology Press. ISBN . 
  • K. Moti Gokulsing; Wimal Dissanyake (2004). Indian Popular Cinema: A Narrative of Cultural Change. Trentham Books Limited. ISBN . 
  • Gulzar, Govin Nihalanni, & Saibel Chatterjee. Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema New Delhi: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2003. .
  • Khanna, Amit (2003), "The Business of Hindi Films", Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema: historical record, the business and its future, narrative forms, analysis of the medium, milestones, biographies, Encyclopædia Britannica (India) Private Limited, .
  • Gopal, Sangita; Moorti, Sujata (2008). Global Bollywood: Travels of Hindi Song and Dance. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN . 
  • Narweker, Sanjit, ed. Directory of Indian Film-Makers and Films. Flicks Books, 1994.
  • Stanley A. Wolpert (2006). Encyclopedia of India. ISBN . 
  • Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey (1996). The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford University Press, US. ISBN . 
  • Passek, Jean-Loup, ed. (1983). Le cinéma indien. Paris: Centre national d'art et de culture Georges Pompidou. ISBN . OCLC 10696565. 
  • Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (1999). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. ISBN . 
  • Stanley A. Wolpert (2006). Encyclopedia of India. ISBN . 
  • Velayutham, Selvaraj (2008). Tamil Cinema: The Cultural Politics of India's Other Film Industry. Psychology Press. ISBN . 
  • Watson, James L. (2009), Globalization, Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • Gopal, Sangita; Moorti, Sujata (2008). Global Bollywood: Travels of Hindi Song and Dance. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN . 


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