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|Alternative names||gaejangguk, dangogiguk, gaejang, gujang, jiyangtang|
|Place of origin||Korea|
|Main ingredients||Dog meat, vegetables|
|Korean name (South Korea)|
|Korean name (North Korea)|
Bosintang (보신탕; 補身湯) or gaejangguk (개장국), called dangogiguk (단고기국) in North Korea, is a Korean soup that includes dog meat as its primary ingredient. The soup has been claimed to provide increased virility. The meat is boiled with vegetables such as green onions, perilla leaves, and dandelions, and spices such as Doenjang (된장), Gochujang (고추장), and perilla seed powder. It is seasoned with Agastache rugosa before eating. The dish, one of the most common Korean foods made from dog meat, has a long history in Korean culture, but has in recent years been criticized both inside and outside Korea by people with a food taboo on dog meat.
The consumption of dog meat can be traced back to antiquity. Dog bones were excavated in a neolithic settlement in Changnyeong (창녕), South Gyeongsang Province. A wall painting in the Goguryeo tombs complex (고구려 고분군; 高句麗 古墳群) in South Hwanghae Province, a UNESCO World Heritage site which dates from 4th century AD, depicts a slaughtered dog in a storehouse (Ahn, 2000).
Approximately in 1816, Jeong Hak Yu (정학유; 丁學遊), the second son of Jeong Yak-yong (정약용; 丁若鏞), a prominent politician and scholar of Choseon dynasty at the time, wrote a poem called Nongawollyeonga (농가월령가; 農家月令歌). This poem, an important source of Korean folk history, describes what ordinary Korean farmer families did in each month of a year. In the description of August, the poem tells of a married woman visiting her birth parents with boiled dog meat, rice cake, and rice wine, thus showing the popularity of dog meat at the time (Ahn, 2000; Seo, 2002).
or mixed script
|gaejang(guk)||개장(국)||개醬(국)||"dog soy bean paste soup"|
|sacheoltang||사철탕||四철湯||"soup for all seasons"|
|dangogitang||단고기탕||단고기湯||"sweet meat soup(traditional recipe of the North Korea)"|
|gujang||구장||狗醬||"dog soy bean paste soup"|
|jiyangtang||지양탕||地羊湯||"land sheep soup"|
|meongmeongtang||멍멍탕||멍멍湯||"woof woof soup"|
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