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  • Temuco

    Temuco

    • Temuco
      City and Commune
      View of Temuco from Cerro Ñielol
      View of Temuco from Cerro Ñielol
      Flag
      Flag
      Coat of arms
      Coat of arms
      Map of Temuco commune in Araucanía Region
      Map of Temuco commune in Araucanía Region
      Temuco is located in Chile
      Temuco
      Temuco
      Location in Chile
      Coordinates: 38°44′S 72°40′W / 38.733°S 72.667°W / -38.733; -72.667
      Country Chile
      Region Araucanía
      Province Cautín
      Founded 24 February 1881
      Government
       • Type Municipality
       • Alcalde Miguel Becker Alvear (RN)
      Area
       • Total 464.0 km2 (179.2 sq mi)
      Elevation 360 m (1,180 ft)
      Population (2012 Census)
       • Total 262,530
       • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
       • Urban 232,528
       • Rural 12,819
      Demonym(s) Temucan
      Sex
       • Men 117,071
       • Women 128,276
      Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
       • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
      Area code(s) 56 + 45
      Climate Csb
      Website Official website (Spanish)

      Temuco is a city and commune, capital of the Cautín Province and of the Araucanía Region in southern Chile. The city is located 670 kilometres (416 miles) south of Santiago at the heart of the modern Araucanía Region and historic Araucanía—the land of the Mapuche who resisted Spanish conquest.

      Temuco was founded in 1881 during the occupation of Araucanía and grew quickly into one of Chile's main cities. Temuco's central place in Araucanía with easy access to the Andean valleys, lakes and coastal areas makes it a hub for tourism, agricultural, livestock and forestry operations as well as a communication and trade centre for the numerous small towns of Araucanía. Temuco has recently been regarded as a university city as it houses two main universities: University of the Frontier (Spanish: Universidad de La Frontera) and Temuco Catholic University (Spanish: Universidad Católica de Temuco). Nobel laureates Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda both lived in Temuco for some time.

      The word Temuco comes from the Mapudungun language, meaning "temu water"; "temu" is the common name of two native trees of the family Myrtaceae, Luma apiculata (also known as arrayán in Spanish) and Blepharocalyx cruckschankii. Both species are characterized by their orange-reddish bark and by having aromatic fruits and leaves which are commonly used by the Mapuche for medicinal purposes. While Blepharocalyx cruckschankii is endangered, Luma apiculata is relatively common and in Temuco it is possible to see it in the Cerro Ñielol Natural Monument (in its natural state) as well as in city gardens and sidewalks. The blend between the words "temu" and "co" (water), probably reflects the fact that these trees frequently grow beside water bodies.


      Climate data for Temuco (Maquehue Airport) 1970–2000, extremes 1952–present
      Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
      Record high °C (°F) 38.0
      (100.4)
      42.0
      (107.6)
      35.1
      (95.2)
      32.0
      (89.6)
      24.1
      (75.4)
      20.8
      (69.4)
      20.7
      (69.3)
      23.1
      (73.6)
      26.8
      (80.2)
      30.2
      (86.4)
      34.4
      (93.9)
      36.1
      (97)
      42.0
      (107.6)
      Average high °C (°F) 23.4
      (74.1)
      23.8
      (74.8)
      21.7
      (71.1)
      17.8
      (64)
      14.3
      (57.7)
      11.6
      (52.9)
      11.3
      (52.3)
      12.8
      (55)
      14.9
      (58.8)
      17.0
      (62.6)
      19.0
      (66.2)
      21.5
      (70.7)
      17.4
      (63.3)
      Daily mean °C (°F) 16.7
      (62.1)
      16.5
      (61.7)
      14.5
      (58.1)
      11.8
      (53.2)
      10.0
      (50)
      7.9
      (46.2)
      7.4
      (45.3)
      8.2
      (46.8)
      9.5
      (49.1)
      11.3
      (52.3)
      13.1
      (55.6)
      15.2
      (59.4)
      11.8
      (53.2)
      Average low °C (°F) 9.6
      (49.3)
      9.2
      (48.6)
      8.0
      (46.4)
      6.4
      (43.5)
      6.2
      (43.2)
      4.7
      (40.5)
      4.0
      (39.2)
      4.1
      (39.4)
      4.7
      (40.5)
      5.9
      (42.6)
      7.4
      (45.3)
      8.9
      (48)
      6.6
      (43.9)
      Record low °C (°F) 0.0
      (32)
      −1.9
      (28.6)
      −2.0
      (28.4)
      −4.0
      (24.8)
      −5.4
      (22.3)
      −6.9
      (19.6)
      −8.1
      (17.4)
      −6.7
      (19.9)
      −4.0
      (24.8)
      −3.0
      (26.6)
      −2.4
      (27.7)
      −0.2
      (31.6)
      −8.1
      (17.4)
      Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.9
      (1.571)
      40.2
      (1.583)
      48.3
      (1.902)
      90.1
      (3.547)
      185.8
      (7.315)
      209.0
      (8.228)
      173.1
      (6.815)
      131.4
      (5.173)
      101.1
      (3.98)
      83.9
      (3.303)
      58.2
      (2.291)
      51.2
      (2.016)
      1,212.2
      (47.724)
      Average precipitation days 6 6 8 12 18 19 18 17 15 12 10 8 149
      Average relative humidity (%) 71 72 77 82 86 87 86 84 80 79 77 74 79.6
      Mean monthly sunshine hours 303.8 265.6 226.3 147.0 111.6 75.0 89.9 124.0 171.0 179.8 210.0 272.8 2,176.8
      Mean daily sunshine hours 9.8 9.4 7.3 4.9 3.6 2.5 2.9 4.0 5.7 5.8 7.0 8.8 5.98
      Source #1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile
      Source #2: Universidad de Chile (sunshine hours only)

      • Cerro Ñielol
      • Central market
      • Feria Pinto
      • Alemania Avenue
      • Anibal Pinto Square
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