• Singe


    • A singe is a slight scorching, burn or treatment with flame. This may be due to an accident, such as scorching one's hair when lighting a gas fire, or a deliberate method of treatment or removal of hair or other fibres.

      A singe is a treatment available at a barber's. A lit taper (candle) or other device is used to lightly burn and shrivel the hair. The practice of singeing was popular approximately a century ago; it was believed that hair had "fluid" in it and singeing would trap the fluid in. Singeing is supposed to have beneficial effects – sealing cut ends, closing up the follicles, preventing the hair from bleeding (This belief has since been debunked.) and encouraging it to grow. Singeing is still sometimes used to bond natural hair to hair extensions.

      Primitive cultures have also used singeing as a means to trim scalp or body hair, as a part of normal grooming or during ritual activity.

      Sir Francis Drake was famously said to have singed the King of Spain's beard when he raided Cadiz and burnt the Spanish fleet.

      In the agricultural industry, poultry and pork is singed to remove stub feathers and bristles. Kiwifruit vine leaders and canes are sometimes cauterised as a treatment for PSA V bacterial infection.

      In the textile industry, loose fibres protruding on the surface of textile goods are singed to remove them. When done to fabrics containing cotton, this results in increased wettability, better dyeing characteristics, improved reflection, no "frosty" appearance, a smoother surface, better clarity in printing, improved visibility of the fabric structure, less pilling and decreased contamination through removal of fluff and lint.

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    • Singe