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  • Sertão

    Sertão

    • Sertão Brasileiro
      Sertão in northeastern Brazil
      Sertão in northeastern Brazil
      The Subregions of Northeast Brazil1 • Meio-norte, 2 • Sertão, 3 • Agreste, 4 • Zona da Mata
      The Subregions of Northeast Brazil
      1 Meio-norte, 2 Sertão, 3 Agreste, 4 Zona da Mata
      Country Brazil
      Quixeramobim
      Climate chart ()
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      The Sertão (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɛʁˈtɐ̃w̃], "outback" or "backcountry") is one of the four sub-regions of the northeast of Brazil.

      Originally the term referred to the vast hinterlands of Asia and South America that Lusitanian explorers encountered. In Brazil it referred to backlands away from the Atlantic coastal regions where the Portuguese first settled in South America in the early sixteenth century. A Brazilian historian once referred to colonial life in Brazil as a "civilization of crabs", as most settlers clung to the shoreline, with few trying to make inroads into the sertão. In modern terms, "sertão" refers to the semi-arid region in Northeastern Brazil comprising parts of the states of Alagoas, Bahia, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará, Maranhão, Piauí, and parts of northern Minas Gerais. The term Vaqueiro is similar to the generic use of "cowboy" in the United States.

      Geographically, the sertão consists mainly of low uplands that form part of the Brazilian Highlands. Most parts of the sertão are between 200 and 500 meters above sea level, with higher elevations found on the eastern edge in the Planalto da Borborema, where it merges into a sub-humid region known as agreste, in the Serra da Ibiapaba in western Ceará and in the Serro do Periquito of central Pernambuco. In the north, the sertão extends to the northern coastal plains of Rio Grande do Norte state, whilst in the south it fades out in the northern fringe of Minas Gerais.



      • Michael H. Glantz; Currents of Change : El Niño's Impact on Climate and Society; published 1996 by Cambridge University Press.
      • Michael H. Glantz (editor); Drought Follows The Plow: Cultivating Marginal Areas; published 1994 by Cambridge University Press.
      • Fagan, Brian; Floods, Famines, and Emperors: El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations; published 2000 by Basic Books.
      • Nicholas G. Arons; Waiting for Rain: The Politics and Poetry of Drought in Northeast Brazil; published 2004 by University of Arizona Press.
      • Euclides da Cunha, Rebellion in the Backlands
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