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  • Mediterranean climate

    Mediterranean climate

    • Valencia
      Climate chart ()
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      37
       
       
      17
      7
       
       
      36
       
       
      17
      8
       
       
      33
       
       
      19
      10
       
       
      38
       
       
      21
      12
       
       
      39
       
       
      23
      15
       
       
      22
       
       
      27
      19
       
       
      8
       
       
      30
      22
       
       
      20
       
       
      30
      22
       
       
      70
       
       
      28
      19
       
       
      77
       
       
      24
      15
       
       
      47
       
       
      20
      11
       
       
      48
       
       
      17
      8
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      37
       
       
      17
      7
       
       
      36
       
       
      17
      8
       
       
      33
       
       
      19
      10
       
       
      38
       
       
      21
      12
       
       
      39
       
       
      23
      15
       
       
      22
       
       
      27
      19
       
       
      8
       
       
      30
      22
       
       
      20
       
       
      30
      22
       
       
      70
       
       
      28
      19
       
       
      77
       
       
      24
      15
       
       
      47
       
       
      20
      11
       
       
      48
       
       
      17
      8
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología
      Los Angeles
      Climate chart ()
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      79
       
       
      20
      9
       
       
      97
       
       
      20
      10
       
       
      62
       
       
      21
      11
       
       
      23
       
       
      23
      12
       
       
      6.6
       
       
      24
      14
       
       
      2.3
       
       
      26
      16
       
       
      0.3
       
       
      28
      18
       
       
      1
       
       
      29
      18
       
       
      6.1
       
       
      28
      17
       
       
      17
       
       
      26
      15
       
       
      26
       
       
      23
      11
       
       
      59
       
       
      20
      9
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: NOAA [2]
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      79
       
       
      20
      9
       
       
      97
       
       
      20
      10
       
       
      62
       
       
      21
      11
       
       
      23
       
       
      23
      12
       
       
      6.6
       
       
      24
      14
       
       
      2.3
       
       
      26
      16
       
       
      0.3
       
       
      28
      18
       
       
      1
       
       
      29
      18
       
       
      6.1
       
       
      28
      17
       
       
      17
       
       
      26
      15
       
       
      26
       
       
      23
      11
       
       
      59
       
       
      20
      9
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: NOAA [2]
      Perth
      Climate chart ()
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      9.5
       
       
      31
      18
       
       
      13
       
       
      31
      18
       
       
      19
       
       
      30
      16
       
       
      44
       
       
      26
      14
       
       
      118
       
       
      22
      11
       
       
      177
       
       
      19
      9
       
       
      170
       
       
      18
      8
       
       
      134
       
       
      19
      8
       
       
      81
       
       
      20
      10
       
       
      52
       
       
      23
      11
       
       
      22
       
       
      26
      14
       
       
      13
       
       
      29
      16
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: BoM
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      9.5
       
       
      31
      18
       
       
      13
       
       
      31
      18
       
       
      19
       
       
      30
      16
       
       
      44
       
       
      26
      14
       
       
      118
       
       
      22
      11
       
       
      177
       
       
      19
      9
       
       
      170
       
       
      18
      8
       
       
      134
       
       
      19
      8
       
       
      81
       
       
      20
      10
       
       
      52
       
       
      23
      11
       
       
      22
       
       
      26
      14
       
       
      13
       
       
      29
      16
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: BoM
      Porto
      Climate chart ()
      J F M A M J J A S O N D
       
       
      158
       
       
      14
      5
       
       
      140
       
       
      15
      6
       
       
      90
       
       
      17
      7
       
       
      116
       
       
      18
      9
       
       
      98
       
       
      20
      11
       
       
      46
       
       
      23
      14
       
       
      18
       
       
      25
      16
       
       
      27
       
       
      25
      15
       
       
      71
       
       
      24
      15
       
       
      138
       
       
      20
      12
       
       
      158
       
       
      17
      8
       
       
      195
       
       
      15
      7
      Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
      Precipitation totals in mm
      Source: Instituto de Meteorologia

      A mediterranean climate /ˌmɛdɪtəˈrniən/ or dry summer climate is the climate typical of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. The lands around the Mediterranean Sea form the largest area where this climate type is found, but it also is found in most of coastal California, in parts of Western and South Australia, in southwestern South Africa, sections of Central Asia, and in central Chile.

      The Mediterranean climate is characterised by dry summers and mild, moist winters. Mediterranean climate zones are associated with the five large subtropical high pressure cells of the oceans: the Azores High, South Atlantic High, North Pacific High, South Pacific High, and Indian Ocean High.These climatological high pressure cells shift towards the poles in the summer and towards the equator in the winter, playing a major role in the formation of the world's subtropical and tropical deserts as well as the Mediterranean Basin's climate.

      The Azores High is associated with the Mediterranean climate found in southern Europe and north Africa and the Sahara Desert (as well as that of the Azores, Canary Islands, and other western Atlantic islands) with France and England both bordering this climate, France especially. The South Atlantic High is similarly associated with the Namib Desert and the Mediterranean climate of the western part of South Africa. The North Pacific High is related to the Sonoran Desert and California's climate, while the South Pacific High is related to the Atacama Desert and central Chile's climate, and the Indian Ocean High is related to the deserts of Western Australia (Great Sandy Desert, Great Victoria Desert, and Gibson Desert) and the Mediterranean climate of southwest and south-central Australia.



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