• List of textile fibres

    List of textile fibres

    • Textile fibres can be created from many natural sources (animal hair or fur, insect cocoons as with silk worm cocoons), as well as semisynthetic methods that use naturally occurring polymers, and synthetic methods that use polymer-based materials, and even minerals such as metals to make foils and wires. The textile industry requires that fibre content be provided on content labels. These labels are used to test textiles under different conditions to meet safety standards (for example, for flame-resistance), and to determine whether or not a textile is machine washable or must be dry-cleaned. Common textile fibres used in global fashion today include:

      Fibre Source Attribute
      Byssus Pinna nobilis Warmth, lightweight
      Chiengora Doggy Fluffy, lightweight
      Qiviut Muskoxen Softness, warmth
      Yak Yak Heavy, warmth
      Rabbit Rabbits Softness
      Wool Sheep Warmth
      Lambswool Lambs Softness, elasticity, warmth
      Cashmere wool Indian cashmere goat Softness
      Mohair wool North African angora goat Dyes well, lightweight
      Camel hair Arabian ña / Guanaco / South America camelid varieties Softness, warmth
      Angora wool Angora rabbit Softness, blends well with other fibres
      Silk Silk worm Smooth fabric finish with high shine
      Alpaca Alpaca Soft, warmth, lightweight
      Llama Llama Lightweight, insulating
      Vicuna Vicuna Expensive, luxurious, soft
      Aralac Milk Soft, silky, hygroscopic
      Fibre Source Attribute
      Abacá Abaca plant Thin, lightweight
      Coir Coconut Strength, durability
      Cotton Shrub Lightweight, absorbent
      Flax Herbaceous plant Lightweight, absorbent, used to make linen
      Jute Vegetable plant in linden family Strength, durability
      Kapok Pentandra tree Fluffy
      Kenaf Hibiscus cannabinus Rough
      Raffia Raffia palm Carpet/rough
      Bamboo Grass pulp Lightweight, pliable fibre
      Hemp Cannabis Strength, durability
      Modal Beech tree Softness, lightweight
      Piña Pineapple leaf Soft, lightweight
      Ramie Flowering plant in nettle family Heavy, tough
      Sisal Agave sisalana Strength, durability
      Soy protein Tofu-manufacturing waste Wooly, lightweight
      Rayon Wood Pulp Soft, lightweight, absorbent
      Lyocell Eucalyptus Tree Soft, lightweight, absorbent
      Acetate Wood Pulp Lustrous, thermoplastic
      Fibre Source Attribute
      Asbestos Cloth asbestos Fire-resistance, light weight, carcinogenic
      Glass, Fibreglass Mixed silicates Fire-resistance, futuristic appearance in some Foil, fibres, wire
      Fibre Source Attribute
      Nylon Petroleum Products Durable, strong, lightweight, dries quickly
      Polyester Petroleum Products Durable, strong, lightweight, dries quickly
      Spandex Petroleum Products Elastic, strong, lightweight
      Acrylic Petroleum Products Lightweight, warm, dries quickly
      Modacrylic Petroleum Products Lightweight, warm, dries quickly
      Kevlar Aramids Very strong
      Nomex Aramids Chemical, electrical, and flame resistant

  • What Else?

    • List of textile fibres