• International Standard Book Number

    International Standard Book Number

    • International Standard Book Number
      A 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar code
      Acronym ISBN
      Introduced 1970; 47 years ago (1970)
      Managing organisation International ISBN Agency
      Number of digits 13 (formerly 10)
      Check digit Weighted sum
      Example 978-3-16-148410-0

      The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier.

      An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country.

      The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero).

      Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure; however, this can be rectified later.

      Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), identifies periodical publications such as magazines; and the International Standard Music Number (ISMN) covers for musical scores.

      The Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code is a 9-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965. The ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker (regarded as the "Father of the ISBN") and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay (who later became director of the U.S. ISBN agency R.R. Bowker).

      ISBN Country or area Publisher
      99921-58-10-7 Qatar NCCAH, Doha
      9971-5-0210-0 Singapore World Scientific
      960-425-059-0 Greece Sigma Publications
      80-902734-1-6 Czech Republic; Slovakia Taita Publishers
      85-359-0277-5 Brazil Companhia das Letras
      1-84356-028-3 English-speaking area Simon Wallenberg Press
      0-684-84328-5 English-speaking area Scribner
      0-8044-2957-X English-speaking area Frederick Ungar
      0-85131-041-9 English-speaking area J. A. Allen & Co.
      0-943396-04-2 English-speaking area Willmann–Bell
      0-9752298-0-X English-speaking area KT Publishing
      element length
      0 – Registration group element 1 – Registration group element Total
      From To Registrants From To Registrants
      6 digits 0-00-xxxxxx-x 0-19-xxxxxx-x 20 1-00-xxxxxx-x 1-09-xxxxxx-x 10 30
      5 digits 0-200-xxxxx-x 0-699-xxxxx-x 500 1-100-xxxxx-x 1-399-xxxxx-x 300 800
      4 digits 0-7000-xxxx-x 0-8499-xxxx-x 1,500 1-4000-xxxx-x 1-5499-xxxx-x 1,500 3,000
      3 digits 0-85000-xxx-x 0-89999-xxx-x 5,000 1-55000-xxx-x 1-86979-xxx-x 31,980 36,980
      2 digits 0-900000-xx-x 0-949999-xx-x 50,000 1-869800-xx-x 1-998999-xx-x 129,200 179,200
      1 digit 0-9500000-x-x 0-9999999-x-x 500,000 1-9990000-x-x 1-9999999-x-x 10,000 510,000
      Total 557,020 Total 172,990 730,010

      • ASIN (Amazon Standard Identification Number)
      • CODEN (serial publication identifier currently used by libraries; replaced by the ISSN for new works)
      • DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
      • ESTC (English Short Title Catalogue)
      • ETTN (Electronic Textbook Track Number)
      • ISAN (International Standard Audiovisual Number)
      • ISMN (International Standard Music Number)
      • ISWC (International Standard Musical Work Code)
      • ISRC (International Standard Recording Code)
      • ISSN (International Standard Serial Number)
      • ISTC (International Standard Text Code)
      • ISWN (International Standard Wine Number)
      • LCCN (Library of Congress Control Number)
      • List of group-0 ISBN publisher codes
      • List of group-1 ISBN publisher codes
      • OCLC number (Online Computer Library Center number)
      • Registration authority
      • BICI (Book Item and Component Identifier)
      • SICI (Serial Item and Contribution Identifier)
      • VD 16 (Verzeichnis der im deutschen Sprachbereich erschienenen Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts)(in English: Bibliography of Books Printed in the German Speaking Countries of the Sixteenth Century)
      • VD 17 (Verzeichnis der im deutschen Sprachraum erschienenen Drucke des 17. Jahrhunderts)(in English: Bibliography of Books Printed in the German Speaking Countries of the Seventeenth Century)
  • What Else?

    • International Standard Book Number