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  • Green Dot Bystander Intervention

    Green Dot Bystander Intervention


    • Green Dot Bystander Intervention is an approach to prevent violence with the help of bystanders built on the premise that violence can be measurably and systematically reduced within a community. Bystander intervention as a way of violence prevention programs are becoming popular within society. Its' mission is to reduce power based-violence by being a proactive bystander and a reactive bystander.

      The Green Dot Bystander Intervention Program was founded by Dr. Dorothy Edwards. The program trains people about sexual assault and domestic violence on college campuses, primary and secondary schools, and communities. It develops and offers training for sexual assault and domestic violence. The method teaches students to intervene by using the 3'Ds: Direct, Delegating the responsibility to others, and creating a Distraction to defuse a potentially dangerous situation. As described by Green Dot an example of this is in a situation at a party, intervening could mean that instead of calling out an inebriated student, an individual can create a distraction by "accidentally" spilling their drink on a potential aggressor.

      Dr. Dorothy Edwards is the founder of the Green Dot Bystander Intervention program. Prior to creating the program Dorothy Edwards worked as the University of Kentucky's Violence Intervention and Prevention Director where she discovered that individuals were not sure how to respond when witnessing a potential sexual assault. In her first year of running the program she trained 10 individuals, but by the time she left the University of Kentucky she was training 3,500 students and volunteers. The initiative led by Dr. Edwards was supported by a new focus on bystanders in The White House. Green Dot, Bringing in the Bystander, and Coaching Boys Into Men are preventative bystander programs that have begun to make cultural changes.

      Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendment is a tool meant to combat campus violence. The law requires colleges and universities to fight gender-based violence, harassment, and respond to the needs of survivors promoting equal educational access.



      • There are three major categories of influence it uses:
        • The categories are personal, relationship, and general issues, which impact the way in which individuals intervene. Personal characteristics may include being shy, fearful, or uncertain and do not want to risk embarrassment. Relationship characteristics involve not wanting to upset friends, or be a party-policer. General issues including the belief someone else will intervene, the risk of embarrassment, or creating a scene.
      • The categories are personal, relationship, and general issues, which impact the way in which individuals intervene. Personal characteristics may include being shy, fearful, or uncertain and do not want to risk embarrassment. Relationship characteristics involve not wanting to upset friends, or be a party-policer. General issues including the belief someone else will intervene, the risk of embarrassment, or creating a scene.
      • There are two types of Green Dots: proactive and reactive. The goal of proactive Green Dots is to set the two norms that are communicated: violence will not be tolerated and everyone is expected to do his or her part to contribute to fostering a safe community. Reactive Green Dot are done in reaction to seeing concerning behavior or potential dangers, either to stop them from happening or decrease the likelihood they will get worse.
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