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  • Closed-ended question

    Closed-ended question


    • Respondents are asked to decide where they fit along a scale continuum. These questions contain an ordered set of answers. A common ordinal scale asks about levels of satisfaction.

      A closed-ended question contrasts with an open-ended question, which cannot be answered with a simple "yes" or "no", or with a specific piece of information, and which gives the person answering the question scope to give the information that seems to them to be appropriate. Open-ended questions are sometimes phrased as a statement which requires a response.

      Examples of open-ended questions:

      At the same time, there are closed-ended questions which are sometimes impossible to answer correctly with a yes or no without confusion, for example: "Have you stopped taking heroin?" (if you never took it), see "Loaded question".



      • Tell me about your relationship with your supervisor.
      • How do you see your future?
      • Tell me about the children in this photograph.
      • What is the purpose of government?
      • Why did you choose that answer?
      • Howard Schuman and Stanley Presser (October 1979). "The Open and Closed Question". American Sociological Review. 44 (5): 692–712. doi:10.2307/2094521. JSTOR 2094521. 
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    • Closed-ended question

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