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    Traditional medicine

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    • Traditional medicine by location

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    • Commercialization of traditional medicines

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    • Health deities

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    • Alternative and traditional medicine journals

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    • Medicinal clay

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    • Medicinal plants by tradition

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    • Traditional healthcare occupations

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    • Shamanism

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    • Aburatorigami

    • Aburatorigami (あぶらとり紙?) is a traditional Japanese facial oil blotting paper. The direct translation of the term is "oil removal paper". As the term implies, aburatorigami absorbs excess oil, thereby eliminating shine from the face. Aburatorigami has traditionally been used by kabuki actors ... Read »


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    • Aegyptiacum

    • Aegyptiacum, or ægyptiacum, was used in pharmacy as a kind of detersive unguent. It is so-called from its dusky hue or color, which resembles the swarthy complexion of the Egyptian people. It is composed of verdigris, vinegar, and honey, boiled to a consistency. The prescription is Masawaiyh's. It is chiefly used ... Read »


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    • Aetites

    • In the magico-medical tradition of Europe and the Near East, the aetites (singular in Latin) or aetite (anglicized) is a stone used to promote childbirth. It is also called an eagle-stone,aquiline, or aquilaeus. The stone is said to prevent spontaneous abortion and premature delivery, while shortening labor and parturi ... Read »


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    • Traditional African medicine

    • Traditional African medicine is an alternative medicine discipline involving indigenous herbalism and African spirituality, typically involving diviners, midwives, and herbalists. Practitioners of traditional African medicine claim to be able to cure various and diverse conditions such as cancers, psychiatric disorders ... Read »


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    • Album graecum

    • Album græcum, or stercus canis officinale, is the dung of dogs or hyenas that has become white through exposure to air. It is used in dressing leather. White dog dung was formerly used as a medicinal drug, often mixed with honey, to cleanse and deterge, chiefly in inflammations of the throat. Externally, it was use ... Read »


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    • Aleberry

    • Aleberry is a beverage made by boiling ale with spice (such as nutmeg), sugar and bread-sops, the last commonly toasted. It is sweetened, strained, and drunk hot. The word is "a corruption of ale-bree ... bree (Anglo-Saxon brin, broth)." Aleberry was often used as a domestic remedy for a cold. ... Read »


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    • Alhandal

    • Alhandal was a term used in Arabian pharmacy for the purgative extract of colocynth, or Bitter Cucumber (Citrullus colocynthis). The Troches of Alhandal, or Trochisci Alhandalæ, were a kind of troche, or tablet, composed of colocynth, bdellium, and gum tragacanth. They were esteemed good purgatives, and used on div ... Read »


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    • Alum

    • Alum /ˈælum/ is both a specific chemical compound and a class of chemical compounds. The specific compound is the hydrated potassium aluminium sulfate (potassium alum) with the formula KAl(SO 4)2·12H 2O. More widely, alums are double sulfate salts, with the general formula AM(SO 4) 2·12H 2O, where A is a mo ... Read »


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    • Amber

    • Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times. Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects. Amber is used as an ingredient in perfumes, as a healing agent in folk medicine, and as jewelry. ... Read »


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    • Ambergris

    • Ambergris (/ˈæmbərÉ¡riːs/ or /ˈæmbərÉ¡rɪs/, Latin: ambra grisea, Old French: ambre gris), ambergrease or grey amber, is a solid, waxy, flammable substance of a dull grey or blackish colour, produced in the digestive system of sperm whales. The word "amber" is derived from the Arabic word for ... Read »


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    • Anma

    • Anma (Kanji: Hiragana: あんま) refers to both a practice of traditional Japanese massage and to practitioners of that art. Modern shiatsu is largely derived from anma. Anma is thought to be of Chinese origin, developing from Tui Na. Tui Na techniques arrived in Japan during the Nara period (710–7 ... Read »


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    • Antihecticum poterii

    • In pre-modern medicine, antihecticum poterii was a celebrated chemical preparation for use in hectic disorders. It was prepared by melting together one part each of tin and chalybeated regulus (the metallic form of antimony, impregnated with iron) in a large crucible, then gradually adding three parts potassium nitrate ... Read »


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    • Apocroustic

    • Apocroustics, in pre-modern medicine, were medications intended to stop the flux of malignant humours to a diseased part. They were usually cold, astringent, and consisting of large particles. ... Read »


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    • Apophlegmatism

    • Apophlegmatisms, in pre-modern medicine, were medications chewed in order to draw away phlegm and humours from the head and brain. Such treatments were called apophlegmatic. Of this kind, tobacco was considered excellent, except for the damage it does to teeth. Sage was said to have almost the same virtues without the ... Read »


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    • Aqua omnium florum

    • Aqua omnium florum or all-flower water was water distilled from cow-dung in May, when the cows ate fresh grass with meadow flowers. It was also known less euphemistically as aqua stercoris vaccini stillatitia (distilled water of cow dung). This was used as a medicine to treat a variety of ailments including gout, rheum ... Read »


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    • Aræotic


    • Arcanum duplicatum

    • Arcanum duplicatum (potassium sulfate), also known as panacea duplicata, in pre-modern medicine, it was used as a diuretic and sudorific. The recipe was purchased for 500 dollars by the Duke of Holstein. Schroder, the prince's physician, wrote wonders of its great uses in hypochondriacal cases, continued and intermitt ... Read »


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    • Arcanum joviale

    • Arcanum joviale, in pre-modern medicine, is a preparation made of an amalgama of mercury and tin, digested in spirit of nitre. The nitre being drawn off, the remaining matter is wetted with spirit of wine, and the spirit burnt away. This is repeated several times till the pungent taste is gone. What remains was used mu ... Read »


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    • Aromaticum rosatum

    • Aromaticum rosatum is a medicinal powder made of red roses, liquorice, aloeswood, yellowheart, cinnamon, cloves, mace, gum tragacanth, nutmegs, cardamoms, galangals, spikenard, ambergris, and musk mixed together. It was chiefly prescribed in cordial and cephalic boles and electuaries, to strengthen the stomach and head ... Read »


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    • Ashtavaidya

    • An Ashtavaidya is a practitioner of the Ayurveda system of medicine belonging to a certain select group of families in the Indian state of Kerala. Among the Ayurvedic healers of Kerala, the Ashtavaidyas are the Brahmin scholar physicians who are masters of the eight branches of Ayurveda mentioned in classical texts. It ... Read »


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    • Astrological botany

    • Astrological botany is based on the notion that if plants or seeds are to be used for medicinal purposes then their planting and collection must be carried out with regard to the positions of the planets and other heavenly bodies, which are at the heart of the disease process. For instance, herbs intended to be used on ... Read »


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    • Ayurveda

    • Ayurveda (Sanskrit: , Āyurveda, "life-knowledge"; English pronunciation /ˌaɪ.ərˈveɪdə/), or Ayurveda medicine, is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. Globalized and modernized practices derived from Ayurveda traditions are a type of complementary or alternative me ... Read »


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    • Ayurvedic acupressure

    • Ayurvedic Acupressure (also known as Marma therapy) is a particular kind of massage or an alternative medical treatment, which integrates the knowledge of ancient Ayurveda and the principles of acupressure, allegedly to completely heal and cure physical, mental, emotional and spiritual illnesses. According to Charaka ... Read »


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    • AYUSH-ISHA Organic Health Systems

    • AYUSH-ISHA Organic Health Systems is a pilot health project currently being implemented in the Kolli Hills, in the district of Namakkal, Tamil Nadu. The projected is being conducted as a collaborative effort between Action for Rural Rejuvenation – the social outreach initiative of the NGO, Isha Foundation, and the ... Read »


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    • Backscratcher

    • A backscratcher (occasionally known as a scratch-back) is a tool used, as the name would suggest, for relieving areas that cannot easily be reached just by one's own hands, typically the back. They are generally long, slender, rod-shaped, tools good for scratching one's back, with a knob on one end for holding and ... Read »


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    • Balm of Gilead

    • Balm of Gilead was a rare perfume used medicinally, that was mentioned in the Bible, and named for the region of Gilead where it was produced. The expression stems from William Tyndale's language in the King James Bible of 1611, and has come to signify a universal cure in figurative speech. The tree or shrub producing ... Read »


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    • Bear's grease


    • Bloodletting

    • Bloodletting (or blood-letting) is the withdrawal of blood from a patient to cure or prevent illness and disease. Bloodletting was based on an ancient system of medicine in which blood and other bodily fluids were regarded as "humors" that had to remain in proper balance to maintain health. It is claimed to have been t ... Read »


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    • Botánica


    • Brazilian tea culture

    • Brazilian tea culture has its origins in the infused beverages, or chás (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʃas]), made by the indigenous cultures of the Amazon region and the Río de la Plata basin. It has evolved since the Portuguese colonial period to include imported varieties and tea-drinking customs. There ... Read »


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    • Camel milk

    • Camel's milk has supported Bedouin, nomad and pastoral cultures since the domestication of camels millennia ago. Herders may for periods survive solely on the milk when taking the camels on long distances to graze in desert and arid environments. Camel dairy farming is an alternative to cow dairy farming in dry region ... Read »


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    • Castor oil

    • Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). The common name "castor oil", from which the plant gets its name, probably comes from its use as a replacement for castoreum, a perfume base made from the dried perineal glands of the beaver (castor in Latin). Cast ... Read »


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    • Chavutti Thirumal

    • Chavutti Thirumal, literally meaning "foot pressure" in the Malayalam language and also known as "foot/rope massage", is a traditional Indian massage technique developed by the Kalari Martial Artists of Kerala India (Kalaripayattu), and it is thought to be approximately two thousand years old. The Kalaripayattu not onl ... Read »


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    • Chicken soup

    • Chicken soup

      chiki sup Chicken soup is a soup made from chicken, simmered in water, usually with various other ingredients. The classic chicken soup consists of a clear chicken broth, often with pieces of chicken or vegetables; common additions are pasta, dumplings, or grains such as rice and barley. Chicken soup has acquired the ... Read »


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    • Clootie well

    • Clootie wells (also Cloutie or Cloughtie wells) are places of pilgrimage in Celtic areas. They are wells or springs, almost always with a tree growing beside them, where strips of cloth or rags have been left, usually tied to the branches of the tree as part of a healing ritual. In Scots nomenclature, a "clootie" or "c ... Read »


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    • Compound spirit of ether

    • Compound spirit of ether, also called Hoffmann's anodyne or aetheris spiritus compositus, is a solution of one part diethyl ether in three parts alcohol. It is used traditionally as an anodyne or as a hypnotic. Its use as a drug was introduced by Friedrich Hoffmann. ... Read »


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    • Eliot Cowan

    • Eliot Cowan is an American-born healer, teacher, author, and founder of the alternative healing technique known as Plant Spirit Medicine. Born in 1946 in the United States, Cowan was raised in Chicago, Winnipeg and San Francisco. He received a degree in Anthropology from Pomona College and pursued post-graduate study ... Read »


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    • Cramp-ring

    • Cramp-rings are rings anciently worn as a cure for cramp and "falling-sickness" or epilepsy. The legend is that the first one was presented to Edward the Confessor by a pilgrim on his return from Jerusalem, its miraculous properties being explained to the king. At his death it passed into the keeping of the abbot of We ... Read »


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    • Crocodile fat

    • Crocodile fat, alligator oil or crocodile/alligator oil is a lipid substance deriving from the bodies of the crocodilian family of reptiles. Since the beginning of commercial alligator farming in the United States, Australia, South Africa and South East Asia, crocodile fat became a commercial product that can be used i ... Read »


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    • Cynanchum viminale

    • Cynanchum viminale

      Cynanchum viminale is a leafless succulent plant in the milkweed family. The species is native to West Africa, the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific region. The species' natural range extends from South Africa throughout much of Africa and the Middle East to India, Indochina, Southern China, Indomalaya and into Meganesi ... Read »


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    • Cyranides

    • The Cyranides (also Kyranides or Kiranides) is a compilation of magico-medical works in Greek first put together in the 4th century. A Latin translation also exists. It has been described as a "" and a texte vivant, owing to the complexities of its transmission: it has been abridged, rearranged, and supplemented. The r ... Read »


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    • De Medicina

    • De Medicina is a 1st-century medical treatise by Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a Roman encyclopedist and possibly (but not likely) a practicing physician. It is the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia; only small parts still survive from sections on agriculture, military science, oratory, jurisprudence and p ... Read »


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    • Dead Sea salt

    • Dead Sea salt refers to salt extracted or taken from the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is popular with tourists from all over the world for its reputed therapeutic effects. The water of the Dead Sea has a salt content of 29%, compared to 4% in the oceans, and is consequently substantially denser. This allows anyone to easily ... Read »


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    • Dominican tea culture

    • Dominican tea culture combines many customs adapted from various colonial and immigrant cultures that have mingled in Dominica. "Bush teas", made from local herbal plants and often taken for medicinal purposes, are a traditional part of Dominica's culture. Dominica's tropical rainforest climate makes it suitable f ... Read »


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    • Dragon's blood


    • Dukhan (traditional medicine)

    • Dukhan is ritual bodily practice known in which the body is smoked with a special (scented) species wood. The ritual is mainly practiced by married women and women preparing for marriage in northern Sudanese provinces., although men also conduct it occasionally to treat rheumatic pain. Yet the practice of Dukhan is not ... Read »


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    • Egg oil

    • Egg oil (CAS No. 8001-17-0, INCI: egg oil), also known as egg yolk oil or ovum oil, is derived from the yolk of chicken eggs consisting mainly of triglycerides with traces of lecithin, cholesterol, biotin, xanthophylls lutein & zeaxanthin and immunoglobulins. It is free of egg proteins and hence may be used safely by p ... Read »


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    • Espiritismo

    • Espiritismo (Portuguese and Spanish for "Spiritism") is a term used in Latin America and the Caribbean to refer to the popular belief that good and evil spirits can affect health, luck and other aspects of human life. Espiritismo shares many of its fundamental concepts with 19th century Spiritualism as was practic ... Read »


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    • Ethnomedicine

    • Ethnomedicine is a study or comparison of the traditional medicine practiced by various ethnic groups, and especially by indigenous peoples. The word ethnomedicine is sometimes used as a synonym for traditional medicine. Ethnomedical research is interdisciplinary; in its study of traditional medicines, it applies the ... Read »


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    • Ethnoscience

    • Ethnoscience has been defined as an attempt "to reconstitute what serves as science for others, their practices of looking after themselves and their bodies, their botanical knowledge, but also their forms of classification, of making connections, etc." (Augé, 1999: 118). Ethnoscience’s focus was not alway ... Read »


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    • Ethnoveterinary medicine

    • Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) considers that traditional practices of veterinary medicine are legitimate and seeks to validate them (Köhler-Rollefson and Bräunig, 1998). Many non-Western traditions of veterinary medicine exist, such as acupuncture and herbal medicine in China, Tibetan veterinary medicine, Ayurve ... Read »


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    • Ethyl nitrite

    • Ethyl nitrite

      The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol. Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the ... Read »


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    • European Directive on Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products

    • The European Directive on Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products (THMPD), formally the Directive 2004/24/EC amending, as regards traditional herbal medicinal products, Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use, was established by the European Parliament and Council on 31 Mar ... Read »


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    • Four thieves vinegar

    • Four thieves vinegar (also called Marseilles vinegar, Marseilles remedy, prophylactic vinegar, vinegar of the four thieves, camphorated acetic acid, vinaigre des quatre voleurs and acetum quator furum) is a concoction of vinegar (either from red wine, white wine, cider, or distilled white) infused with herbs, spices or ... Read »


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    • Georgian folk medicine


    • Gishiri cutting

    • Gishiri or gishri cutting is a form of female genital mutilation performed commonly by the peoples of the Hausa and Fulani regions of northern Nigeria and southern Niger. The procedure is believed by traditional practitioners to treat a variety of gynaecological ailments, although there is no scientific basis for this ... Read »


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    • Global Initiative for Traditional Systems of Health

    • The Global Initiative for Traditional Systems of Health (GIFTS) is a program launched in 1993 at the headquarters of the Pan American Health Organization in Washington, D.C. GIFTS states its purpose of "bringing into policy focus the importance of traditional (indigenous) medicine in the daily lives and health care of ... Read »


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    • Glossostemon bruguieri

    • Dombeya arabica Baker Glossostemon bruguieri or Dombeya arabica is a species of flowering plants in the family Sterculiaceae. It is a shrub with thick long tapering dark colored roots with 70–100 cm in length and 5–8 cm in breadth, found in Yemen, Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Morocco. T ... Read »


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    • Gongjin-dan

    • Gong Jing Dan, Gongjindan,Gongjin-dan (GJD) or 공진단 is a traditional multi-herbal medicine used for disorders of the central nervous system. There is a research that described the multi-herbal medicine Gongjin-dan enhances memory and learning tasks via NGF regulation. Abstract The effects of Gongjin- ... Read »


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    • Gripe water

    • Gripe water is a product sold to relieve colic and other gastrointestinal ailments and discomforts of infants. Little evidence supports the efficacy of gripe water. Its use usually does not pose risk to the infant, unless the formulation includes alcohol or sugar. The first gripe water was formulated in England in 185 ... Read »


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    • Gum anima

    • Gum anima, or anima, in pharmacy, is a kind of gum or resin, of which there are two kinds, western and eastern. The first flows from an incision in a tree around Central America, called Courbati; it is transparent, and of a color similar to frankincense. The eastern gum anima is distinguished into three kinds: the fir ... Read »


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    • Gurah

    • Gurah is a Javanese health treatment originating from Bantul, near Yogyakarta. A herb mixture is inserted into the patient's nostrils while he lies on his back. The patient then turns over on his stomach while large quantities of mucus are produced from the nose and mouth. The treatment is said to cure sinusitis. The ... Read »


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    • Hartshorn

    • Hartshorn is the horn of male red deer. Various substances were made from hartshorn shavings : Hartshorn jelly or a decoction of burnt hartshorn in water was used to treat diarrhea. The coal of hartshorn, called calcinated hartshorn, was used as an absorbent, as well as in the treatment of dysentery. Salt of h ... Read »


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    • Heart (Chinese medicine)

    • The Heart (心, pinyin: xÄ«n) is one of the zàng organs stipulated by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It is a functionally defined entity and not equivalent to the anatomical organ of the same name. As a zàng, the Heart is considered to be a yin organ. Its associated yang organ is the Small Intestin ... Read »


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    • Hijama

    • Hijama (Arabic: حجامة‎‎ lit. "sucking") is the Arabic term for wet cupping, where blood is drawn by vacuum from a small skin incision for therapeutic purposes. The practice has Greek, Arab, Turkish and Persian origin and is mentioned by Hippocrates. It is reported that the Islamic prophet Muham ... Read »


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    • Hirudo medicinalis

    • Hirudo medicinalis

      Medicinal leeches are any of several species of leeches, but most commonly Hirudo medicinalis, the European medicinal leech. Other Hirudo species sometimes used as medicinal leeches include (but are not limited to) Hirudo orientalis, Hirudo troctina, and Hirudo verbana. The Mexican medical leech is Hirudinaria manille ... Read »


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    • Hirudo sulukii

    • Hirudo sulukii

      Hirudo sulukii is a species of leech that has been found from Kara Lake of Adiyaman, Sülüklü Lake of Gaziantep and Segirkan wetland of Batman in Turkey. ... Read »


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    • History of medicine in Cyprus

    • The practice of medicine and therapeutics in Cyprus has its roots into ancient times. Many of the classical practices were well documented at the time by Greek or Roman physicians, and some therapies have originated from Cyprus itself. Medical practice in ancient Cyprus is believed to reflect general medical princ ... Read »


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    • Human fat

    • Human fat (German Menschenfett, Latin Axungia hominis) was mentioned in European pharmacopoeias since the 16th century as an important fatty component of quality deemed ointments and other pharmaceuticals in Europe. In old recipes human adipose tissue was mentioned as Pinguedo hominis, or Axungia hominis (abbrev. Axung ... Read »


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    • Hungary Water

    • Hungary water (sometimes called "the Queen of Hungary's Water") was the first (European) alcohol-based perfume, claimed to date to about the late 14th century. According to legend it was first formulated at the command of a Queen of Hungary, sometimes identified as Isabella but usually as Elisabeth (historically the na ... Read »


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    • Ichthyotherapy

    • Ichthyotherapy is the use of fish such as the garra rufa for cleaning skin wounds or treating other skin conditions. The name ichthyotherapy comes from the Greek name for fish – Ichthys. The history of such treatment in traditional medicine is sparsely documented. In a museum near the River Kwai, recording the pri ... Read »


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    • Infant oral mutilation

    • Infant oral mutilation (IOM) is the dangerous and sometimes fatal traditional or conventional dental malpractice that has been performed for decades in many areas of Africa and in underdeveloped countries. Typically, a parent may take a sick child to a traditional healer, who will look in the child's mouth and att ... Read »


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    • Insects in medicine

    • Insects have long been used in medicine, both traditional and modern, sometimes with little evidence of their effectiveness. For the purpose of the article, and in line with custom, medicinal uses of other arthropods such as spiders are included. The medicinal uses of insects were often defined by the Doctrine of ... Read »


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    • Jamu

    • Jamu (old spelling Djamu) is traditional medicine in Indonesia. It is predominantly herbal medicine made from natural materials, such as parts of plants such as roots, bark, flowers, seeds, leaves and fruits. Materials acquired from animals, such as honey, royal jelly, milk and ayam kampung eggs are also often used. J ... Read »


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    • Kampo

    • Kampō medicine (漢方医学, Kanpō igaku?), often known simply as Kanpō (漢方, "Chinese [medicine]"), is the study of traditional Chinese medicine in Japan following its introduction, by way of Korea, beginning in the 7th century. Since then, the Japanese have created their own unique syst ... Read »


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    • Kogel mogel

    • Kogel mogel

      Kogel mogel, gogl-mogl, gogel-mogel, gogol-mogol (Russian: Гоголь-моголь), gogli-mogli, or gogle-mogle (Yiddish: גאָגל-מאָגל‎) is an egg-based homemade dessert popular in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as in Caucasus. It is made from egg yolks, ... Read »


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    • Kyung-ok-ko

    • Kyung-ok-ko (Hangul: 경옥고), also spelled, Gyung-ok-ko, is a traditional multi-herbal medicine used for health improvement. This herbal medicine is composed of Korean ginseng, Rehmannia root, Poria Cocos and Honey based on the prescription on the Korean traditional medical book Dongeui Bogam, which is r ... Read »


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    • Lignum nephriticum

    • Lignum nephriticum (Latin for "kidney wood") is a traditional diuretic that was derived from the wood of two tree species, the narra (Pterocarpus indicus) and the Mexican kidneywood (Eysenhardtia polystachya ). The wood is capable of turning the color of water it comes in contact with into beautiful opalescent hues tha ... Read »


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    • List of plants used in herbalism

    • This is a list of plants used or formerly used as herbal medicine. The ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform important biological functions, and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals is called herbal medicine. Many of these ... Read »


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    • Lomilomi massage

    • Lomilomi is the word used today to mean "massage therapist" or "Hawaiian massage." In the Hawaiian language, the word used traditionally, called lomi, means "to knead, to rub, or soothe; to work in and out, as the paws of a contented cat." Lomilomi practitioners use the palms, forearms, fingers, knuckles, elbows, ... Read »


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    • Maryland University of Integrative Health

    • Maryland University of Integrative Health, formerly the Tai Sophia Institute, is a private non-profit graduate school of alternative medicine located in Laurel, Maryland. It is a Middle States Commission on Higher Education accredited graduate school with an academic and clinical focus on integrative health, preventati ... Read »


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    • Medical astrology

    • Medical astrology (traditionally known as iatromathematics) is an ancient medical system that associates various parts of the body, diseases, and drugs as under the influence of the sun, moon, and planets, along with the twelve astrological signs. Each of the astrological signs (along with the sun, moon, and planets) i ... Read »


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    • Medicina Plinii

    • The Medicina Plinii or Medical Pliny is an anonymous Latin compilation of medical remedies dating to the early 4th century AD. The excerptor, saying that he speaks from experience, offers the work as a compact resource for travelers in dealing with hucksters who sell worthless drugs at exorbitant prices or with know-no ... Read »


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    • Medicinal clay

    • The use of medicinal clay in folk medicine goes back to prehistoric times. Indigenous peoples around the world still use clay widely, which is related to geophagy. The first recorded use of medicinal clay goes back to ancient Mesopotamia. A wide variety of clays are used for medicinal purposes—primarily for exter ... Read »


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    • Medicine bag

    • A medicine bag is usually a small pouch, worn by some Indigenous peoples of the Americas, that contains items associated with spiritual healing. A personal medicine bag may also contain sacred objects that symbolize personal well-being and tribal identity. Traditionally, medicine bags are worn under the clothing. Their ... Read »


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    • Mexican tea culture

    • Mexican tea culture is known for its traditional herbal teas which are reputed to have medicinal properties. In recent decades, imported tea beverages have also become popular in Mexico. Mexican tea recipes have grown in popularity beyond Mexico as well. Mexico has numerous indigenous herbs that native cultures us ... Read »


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    • Miswak

    • The miswak (miswaak, siwak, sewak, Arabic: سواك‎‎ or مسواك) is a teeth cleaning twig made from the Salvadora persica tree (known as arak in Arabic). A traditional and natural alternative to the modern toothbrush, it has a long, well-documented history and is reputed for its medicina ... Read »


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    • Mithridate

    • Mithridate, also known as mithridatium, mithridatum, or mithridaticum, is a semi-mythical remedy with as many as 65 ingredients, used as an antidote for poisoning, and said to be created by Mithradates VI Eupator of Pontus in the 1st century BC. It was one of the most complex, highly sought-after drugs during the Middl ... Read »


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    • Mummia

    • Mummia, mumia, or originally mummy referred to several different preparations in the history of medicine, from "mineral pitch" to "powdered human mummies". It originated from Arabic mÅ«miyā "a type of resinous bitumen found in Western Asia and used curatively" in traditional Islamic medicine, which was translated ... Read »


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    • Mustard bath

    • A mustard bath is a traditional English therapeutic remedy for tired, stressed muscles, colds, fevers and seizures. The mustard was thought to draw out toxins and warm the muscles, blood and body. It was a standard medical practice up until the first part of the twentieth century and continues to be used in alternative ... Read »


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    • Mustard plaster

    • A mustard plaster is a poultice of mustard seed powder spread inside a protective dressing and applied to the body to stimulate healing. It can be used to warm muscle tissues and for chronic aches and pains. It was once part of conventional medical treatment, and available in prepared versions in pharmacies. It fell fr ... Read »


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    • Navajo medicine

    • Navajo medicine today has remained preserved for millennia as many Navajo people have relied on traditional medicinal practices as their primary source of healing. However, modern day residents within the Navajo Nation have incorporated contemporary medicine into their society with the establishment of Western hospital ... Read »


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    • Oriental medicine

    • Oriental medicine is a collective term for several types of medicine practiced in the Orient and/or the East. The following may be categorized as Oriental medicine: The following may be categorized as Eastern medicine: ... Read »


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    • Pagtatawas

    • Pagtatawas is a ritual in pseudomedicine in Filipino Psychology (but considered superstition in Western psychology) where an affliction or psychological disorder is diagnosed by interpreting the form produced in water by heated alum or molten wax droppings from a lighted candle. Earlier and in some rural areas in the ... Read »


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    • Pongamia oil

    • Pongamia oil is derived from the seeds of the Millettia pinnata tree, which is native to tropical and temperate Asia. Millettia pinnata, also known as Pongamia pinnata or Pongamia glabra, is common throughout Asia and thus has many different names in different languages, many of which have come to be used in English to ... Read »


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    • Posset

    • A posset (also spelled poshote, poshotte) was a British hot drink of milk curdled with wine or ale, often spiced, which was popular from medieval times to the 19th century. The word is mainly used nowadays for a related dessert similar to syllabub. In the Middle Ages, it was used as a cold and flu remedy and was more o ... Read »


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    • Prehistoric medicine

    • Prehistoric medicine is any use of medicine from before the invention of writing and the documented history of medicine. Because the timing of the invention of writing varies per culture and region, the term "prehistoric medicine" encompasses a wide range of time periods and dates. The study of prehistoric medicine re ... Read »


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    • Propolis

    • Propolis or bee glue is a resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva and beeswax with exudate gathered from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. It is used as a sealant for unwanted open spaces in the hive. Propolis is used for small gaps (approximately 6 millimeters (0.24 in) or less), w ... Read »


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    • Ramuan

    • Ramuan is a uniquely Malaysian concept, referring to a blend of plants or plant parts which are selected and mixed to create pleasing or healthful effects in the preparation of food or the creation of herbal medicines. Most often, the term is used to denote a holistic formulation of mixed leaves, stems, barks, fruits ... Read »


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    • Rhinoceros horn trade and use

    • Rhinoceros horn trade and use

      CeratotheriumDicerorhinusDicerosRhinoceros Extinct genera, see text A rhinoceros (/raɪˈnɒsərəs/, meaning "nose horn"), often abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species. Two of these extant spe ... Read »


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    • Sagapenum

    • Sagapenum (Greek σᾰγάπηνον,σικβινίτζα (Du Cange),σεραπίων;Arabic sakbÄ«nadj;Latin sagapenum,sagapium,seraphinum (Pharm. Witenbergica)) is a historical plant from Media, identified with Ferula persica L.,Ferula scuntziana (Umbelliferae) ... Read »


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    • Saint Hubert's Key


    • Sanni Yakuma

    • Sanni yakuma, sometimes known as Daha ata sanniya is a traditional Sinhalese exorcism ritual. The ritual consists of 18 masked dances, each depicting a particular illness or ailment affecting humans. These 18 dances are the main dances of the Pahatharata, or low country, dancing form, which is one of the three main dan ... Read »


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    • Sarcocolla

    • Sarcocolla (Greek σαρκοκόλλα, from σάρξ "flesh", and κόλλᾰ "glue"; Arabic anzarÅ«á¹­, Ê¿anzarÅ«t, kuḥl fārisÄ«, kuḥl kirmānÄ«; Persian anzarÅ«t, tashm (< čashm), kandjubā) is a historical shrub or tree from Persia, identifie ... Read »


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    • Sauna

    • A sauna (/ˈsɔːnə/ or /ˈsaʊnə/;Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsɑunɑ]), or sudatory, is a small room or building designed as a place to experience dry or wet heat sessions, or an establishment with one or more of these facilities. The steam and high heat make the bathers perspire. Saunas can b ... Read »


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    • Skunk oil

    • Skunk oil is an oil that is obtained from the two lateral glands that run the length of a skunk's back. Skunks store fat in these glands for use during hibernation or semi-hibernation in warmer climates. Skunk oil has minimal odor. Skunk oil was used by the Native Americans as a healing balm or liniment. When rend ... Read »


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    • Snail slime

    • Snail slime is a kind of mucus, an external bodily secretion which is produced by snails, gastropod mollusks. Land snails and slugs produce mucus, but so does every other kind of gastropod, from marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats. The reproductive system of gastropods also produces mucus internally from specia ... Read »


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    • Snake wine

    • Snake wine (蛇酒, pinyin: shéjiǔ; rượu rắn in Vietnamese; 뱀주, RRK: bemju in Korean) is an alcoholic beverage produced by infusing whole snakes in rice wine or grain alcohol. The drink was first recorded to have been consumed in China during the Western Zhou dynasty and considered an ... Read »


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    • Tamagozake

    • Tamagozake (卵酒 or 玉子酒?) is a drink consisting of heated sake, sugar and a raw egg. It translates as "egg sake", being made of the kanji 卵 tamago (egg) and 酒 sake. Tamagozake is a traditional home remedy for the common cold in Japan, however there is no medical proof of its effica ... Read »


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    • Tea tree oil

    • Tea tree oil (TTO), or melaleuca oil, is an essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odor and a colour that ranges from pale yellow to nearly colourless and clear. It is taken from the leaves of the Melaleuca alternifolia, which is native to Southeast Queensland and the Northeast coast of New South Wales, Australia. T ... Read »


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    • Thai massage

    • "Thai massage" or "Thai yoga massage" is an ancient healing system combining acupressure, Indian Ayurvedic principles, and assisted yoga postures. In the Thai language it is usually called nuat phaen thai (Thai: นวดแผนไทย; lit. "Thai-style massage") or nuat phaen boran (Tha ... Read »


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    • Topical irritation agents

    • Topical irritation agents Some agents: Pharmacology 9th ed., Harkervich D.A., , Geothar Media,2006 ... Read »


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    • Topical tobacco paste

    • Topical tobacco paste is a home remedy sometimes recommended as a treatment for wasp, hornet, fire ant, scorpion or bee stings, though there is no scientific evidence that this home remedy works to relieve pain. For about 2 percent of people, allergic reactions can be life-threatening and require emergency treatment. ... Read »


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    • Toso

    • Toso (?), or o-toso, is spiced medicinal sake traditionally drunk during New Year celebrations in Japan. Toso is drunk to flush away the previous year's maladies and to aspire to lead a long life. For generations it has been said that "if one person drinks this his family will not fall ill; if the whole family doe ... Read »


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    • Traditional Chinese medicine

    • Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM; simplified Chinese: 中医; traditional Chinese: 中醫; pinyin: ZhōngyÄ«) is a style of traditional medicine informed by modern medicine but built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acu ... Read »


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    • Uguisu no fun

    • Uguisu no fun (Japanese: 鶯の糞, also called the "Geisha Facial"), which literally means "nightingale feces" in Japanese, refers to the excrement (fun) produced by a particular nightingale called the Japanese bush warbler (Cettia diphone) (uguisu). The droppings have been used in facials since ancient Japan ... Read »


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    • Vegetalismo

    • Vegetalismo is a term used to refer to a practice of mestizo shamanism in the Peruvian Amazon in which the shamans – known as vegetalistas – gain their knowledge and power to cure from the vegetables, or plants of the region. Many receive their knowledge from ingesting the hallucinogenic, emetic brew ay ... Read »


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    • Vinegar

    • Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water, and other trace chemicals, which may include flavorings. The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Vinegar is now mainly used as a cooking ingredient, or in pickling. As the most easily manufacture ... Read »


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    • Witch hazel (astringent)

    • Witch hazel is an astringent compound produced from the leaves and bark of the North American witch-hazel shrub, (Hamamelis virginiana). It is a component of many commercial healthcare products. The main constituents of the witch hazel extract include calcium oxalate, gallotannins, safrole, as well as chemicals fo ... Read »


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    • Dōmei Yakazu


    • Yujacha

    • Yujacha

      Yuja-cha (yuja tea) refers to both yuja-cheong (yuja marmalade) and the tea made by mixing hot water with yuja-cheong. Yuja-cheong can be made by sugaring peeled, depulped, and thinly sliced yuja. The drink is also called citron tea or honey citron tea but yuja and citron are different citrus fruits. Bottled yuja- ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Traditional medicine

Extras