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    Tournament systems

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Tournament systems

    • Chess tournament systems

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Chess tournament systems


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    • Tournament

    • A tournament is a competition involving a relatively large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game. More specifically, the term may be used in either of two overlapping senses: These two senses are distinct. All golf tournaments meet the first definition, but while match play tournaments meet the s ... Read »


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    • 1898 VFL finals series

    • The Victorian Football League's 1898 finals series determined the premiers of the 1898 VFL season. Played under a new playoff system, the finals featured all eight teams, beginning on 27 August and concluding with the 1898 VFL Grand Final on 24 September. The premiership was won by Fitzroy, who defeated Essendon by 15 ... Read »


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    • AFL final eight system

    • The AFL final eight system is an eight-team championship playoff tournament developed and adopted by the Australian Football League in the 2000 season. The eight teams, which are ranked or seeded in advance of the tournament, participate in a four-week tournament, with two teams eliminated in each of the first three we ... Read »


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    • Argus finals system

    • The Argus finals systems were a set of related systems of end-of-season championship playoff tournament used commonly in Australian rules football competitions in the early part of the 20th century. The systems generally comprised a simple four-team tournament, followed by the right of the top ranked team from the home ... Read »


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    • Bergvall system

    • The Bergvall system was a variation of the traditional knockout tournament system which was used at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. It was devised for the Olympics by Erik Bergvall, a Swedish water polo player, journalist and sports official. However, a similar system had been in use for sports competitions i ... Read »


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    • Bracket (tournament)

    • A bracket or tournament bracket is a tree diagram that represents the series of games played during a knockout tournament. Different knockout tournament formats have different brackets; the simplest and most common is that of the single-elimination tournament. The name "bracket" is American English, derived from the re ... Read »


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    • Buchholz system

    • The Buchholz system (also spelled Buchholtz) is a ranking or scoring system in chess developed by Bruno Buchholz (died ca. 1958) in 1932, for Swiss system tournaments (Hooper & Whyld 1992). It was originally developed as an auxiliary scoring method, but more recently it has been used as a tie-breaking system. It was pr ... Read »


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    • Challenge (competition)

    • A challenge is a request made to the holder of a competitive title for a match between champion and challenger, the winner of which will acquire or retain the title. In some cases the champion has the right to refuse a challenge; in others, this results in forfeiting the title. The challenge system derives from duellin ... Read »


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    • Circle of Death (sporting)

    • A circle of death tie is a tie that occurs in round robin competitions when the records of three competitors are identical, and furthermore the head-to-head record of all three is 1-1 (i.e. one win and one loss). For example, consider a four-person round robin with teams A, B, C, and D. If A beats B, B beats C, C beat ... Read »


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    • Club Championship

    • A Club Championship system is a sports competition where more than one team is fielded by clubs in the competition. An example of its use is in club rugby and cricket competitions in Australia where clubs may have several grades. A club championship is useful because it allows a comparison of the entire club's strengt ... Read »


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    • Double-elimination tournament

    • A double-elimination tournament is a type of elimination tournament competition in which a participant ceases to be eligible to win the tournament's championship upon having lost two games or matches. It stands in contrast to a single-elimination tournament, in which only one defeat results in elimination. One method ... Read »


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    • Group tournament ranking system

    • In a group tournament, unlike a knockout tournament, there is no scheduled decisive final match. Instead, all the competitors are ranked by examining the results of all the matches played in the tournament. Points are awarded for each match, with competitors ranked based either on total number of points or average poin ... Read »


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    • McIntyre Final Eight System

    • The McIntyre Final Eight System was devised by Ken McIntyre in addition to the McIntyre Four, Five and Six systems. It is a playoff system of the top 8 finishers in a competition to determine which two teams will play in the Grand Final. The teams play each other over three weeks, with two teams eliminated each week. T ... Read »


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    • McIntyre System

    • The McIntyre System, or systems as there have been five of them, is a playoff system that gives an advantage to teams or competitors qualifying higher. The systems were developed by Ken McIntyre, an Australian lawyer, historian and English lecturer, for the Victorian Football League in 1931. The first McIntyre Sys ... Read »


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    • McMahon system tournament

    • A McMahon system tournament is a tournament design for games such as go and chess that improves upon the Swiss system tournament's rules. It can be understood as a generalization of the Swiss system. As in a Swiss tournament, all players compete in the same number of rounds against various other players. Unlike Swiss, ... Read »


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    • NRL finals system

    • The NRL finals system is the finals series that is currently being used by the National Rugby League competitions of Australia and New Zealand since 2012. The NRL finals system replaced the McIntyre system which was used from 1999 to 2011. A similar system was previously used by the Australian Rugby League in the 1995 ... Read »


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    • Page playoff system

    • The Page playoff system is a playoff format used primarily in softball and curling at the championship level. Teams are seeded using a round-robin tournament and the top four play a mix of a single-elimination and double-elimination tournament to determine the winner. It is identical to a four-team McIntyre System play ... Read »


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    • Play-in game

    • A play-in game is a game at the beginning of a tournament that forces the lowest qualifiers for the tournament to play each other before the main portion of the tournament begins. This gives an added advantage to the higher qualifiers, allowing them to rest, while the lower teams extend themselves by playing. Further, ... Read »


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    • Playoff format

    • There are a number of formats used in various levels of competition in sports and games to determine an overall champion. Some of the most common are the single elimination, the best-of- series, the total points series, and the round-robin tournament. A Single elimination ("knockout") playoff pits the participants ... Read »


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    • Playoffs

    • The playoffs, play-offs, postseason and/or finals of a sports league are a competition played after the regular season by the top competitors to determine the league champion or a similar accolade. Depending on the league, the playoffs may be either a single game, a series of games, or a tournament, and may use a singl ... Read »


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    • Repechage

    • Repechage (/rəpɛʃˈɑːʒ/; French: repêchage, "fishing out, rescuing") is a practice in series competitions that allows participants who failed to meet qualifying standards by a small margin to continue to the next round, in a similar way as wild card system works out. Different types of repec ... Read »


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    • Round-robin tournament

    • A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition "in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn". It contrasts with an elimination tournament. The term round-robin is derived from the French term ruban, meaning "ribbon". Over a long period of time, the term was corrupted and id ... Read »


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    • Scheveningen system

    • The Scheveningen system is a method of organizing a chess match between two teams. Each player on one team plays each player on the other team (Just & Burg 2003:308). The team with the highest number of games won is the winner. This system is a popular way to create title norm opportunities.(Karpov & Roshal 1980:22) T ... Read »


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    • Seed (sports)

    • A seed is a competitor or team in a sports or other tournament who is given a preliminary ranking for the purposes of the draw. Players/teams are "planted" into the bracket in a manner that is typically intended so that the best do not meet until later in the competition. The term was first used in tennis, and is based ... Read »


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    • Shaughnessy playoff system

    • The Shaughnessy playoff system is a method of determining the champion of a sports league that is not in a divisional alignment. This format is also known as the Argus finals system. It involves the participation of the top four teams in the league standings in a single elimination tournament. While the first round of ... Read »


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    • Single-elimination tournament

    • A single-elimination tournament—also called an Olympic system tournament, a knockout (or, knock-out), single penetration, or sudden death tournament—is a type of elimination tournament where the loser of each bracket is immediately eliminated from winning the championship or first prize in the event. This do ... Read »


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    • Sonneborn–Berger score


    • Swiss-system tournament

    • A Swiss-system tournament is a non-eliminating tournament format which features a set number of rounds of competition, but considerably fewer than in a round-robin tournament. In a Swiss tournament, each competitor (team or individual) does not play every other. Competitors meet one-to-one in each round and are paired ... Read »


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    • Top five play-offs

    • A play-off structure involving the top five teams was used to determine the winners of the Super League competition in British rugby league from 1998 until 2001. A top six play-off system was then introduced. Apart from the Grand Final all matches are staged at the home ground of the team placed higher in the final lea ... Read »


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    • Top six play-offs

    • After a top five play-off system was used, a play-off structure involving the top six teams was used to determine the winners of the Super League competition in British rugby league from 2002 through to 2008. Apart from the Grand Final, all matches were staged at the home ground of the team placed higher in the final ... Read »


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    • Two-legged tie

    • In sports (particularly association football), a two-legged tie is a contest between two teams which comprises two matches or "legs", with each team as the home team in one leg. The winning team is usually determined by aggregate score, the sum of the scores of the two legs. For example, if the scores of the two legs a ... Read »


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