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    Sports rules and regulations

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    • Sports rules and regulations by sport

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    • Banned sports tactics

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    • Drafts (sports)

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    • Sports equipment

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    • Sports penalties

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Sports penalties


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    • Scoring (sport)

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    • Sports terminology

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    • Sport variants

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    • 50+1 rule


    • 107% rule


    • Admiral-Lord Mountevans rules

    • Admiral-Lord Mountevans rules are a set of professional wrestling rules mainly used in British wrestling. They were named after Edward Evans, 1st Baron Mountevans who ordered a unified set of rules written up for professional wrestling in the British Isles. Professional wrestling in the United Kingdom, under the A ... Read »


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    • Amateur Fencers League of America

    • The Amateur Fencers League of America (AFLA) was founded on April 22, 1891 in New York City by a group of fencers seeking independence from the Amateur Athletic Union. As early as 1940, the AFLA was recognized by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (FIE) and the United States Olympic Committee as the national ... Read »


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    • Australian rules football playing field

    • An Australian rules football playing field is a venue where the sport of Australian rules football is played. The playing field is typically a large oval-shaped grass surface (often modified cricket fields). These fields may vary especially for variations of the game. However, for official Australian Football League m ... Read »


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    • Baseball field

    • A baseball field, also called a ball field or a baseball diamond, is the field upon which the game of baseball is played. The term is also used as a metonym for baseball park. The starting point for much of the action on the field is home plate, which is a five-sided slab of whitened rubber, 17 inches square with ... Read »


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    • Basketball court

    • In basketball, the basketball court is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor with tiles at either end. In professional or organized basketball, especially when played indoors, it is usually made out of a wood, often maple, and highly polished. Outdoor surfaces are generally made from standard paving ma ... Read »


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    • Blood rule

    • The blood rule is a rule used in many sports that states that an athlete that receives an open wound, is bleeding, or who has blood on them or their clothes, must immediately leave the playing area to receive medical attention. Though they may be able to play again later, they cannot go back and play again until the wo ... Read »


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    • Boosting (doping)

    • Boosting is a method of inducing autonomic dysreflexia with the intention of enhancing performance in sport. It can be used by an athlete with a spinal cord injury to increase their blood pressure and is performed by causing a painful stimulus in the lower part of the body. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) ... Read »


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    • Bowling

    • Bowling refers to a series of sports or leisure activities in which a player rolls or throws a bowling ball towards a target. It is one of the major forms of throwing sports. In pin bowling variations, the target is usually to knock over pins at the end of a lane. When all the pins are knocked down on the first roll, t ... Read »


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    • Clay court

    • A clay court is one of many different types of tennis court. Clay courts are made of crushed shale, stone or brick. The French Open uses clay courts, making it unique among the Grand Slam tournaments. Clay courts are more common in Continental Europe and Latin America than in the United States, Canada or Britain. Two t ... Read »


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    • Code of Points (artistic gymnastics)

    • A Code of Points is a rulebook that defines the scoring system for each level of competition in gymnastics. There is no unified, international code of points; every oversight organization — such as FIG (Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique), NCAA Gymnastics, and most national gymnastics federations †... Read »


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    • Collegiate wrestling

    • Collegiate Wrestling

      Collegiate wrestling, sometimes known in the United States as folkstyle wrestling, is a style of amateur wrestling practiced at the college and university level in the United States. Collegiate wrestling emerged from the folk wrestling styles practiced in the early history of the United States. This style, with some sl ... Read »


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    • Commonwealth Games Federation

    • Commonwealth Games Federation

      The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) is the international organisation responsible for the direction and control of the Commonwealth Games, and is the foremost authority in matters relating to the games. Due to the success of the first 1930 British Empire Games in Hamilton, Canada, a meeting of representatives ... Read »


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    • Comparison of American and Canadian football

    • American and Canadian football are gridiron codes of football that are very similar. Both have their origins in rugby football. There are, however, some key differences. Football was introduced to North America in Canada by the British Army garrison in Montreal, which played a series of games with McGill Universit ... Read »


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    • Comparison of association football and rugby union

    • Comparison of association football (football/soccer) and rugby union (rugby/rugger) is possible because of the games' similarities and shared origins. Rugby union has a number of set pieces, such as line-outs, scrums and rucks that do not have direct equivalents in association football. Association football aims at a ... Read »


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    • Comparison of baseball and softball

    • A comparison of baseball and softball can be made as softball is directly descended from baseball. An observer of one game would find the other very similar, but there are several important rule differences. Fastpitch softball is more popular in competitive leagues, especially at the college and international tourname ... Read »


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    • Comparison of Gaelic football and rugby union

    • A comparison of Gaelic football and rugby union is possible because of certain similarities between the codes, as well as the numerous dissimilarities. Until the mid-1990s, both codes were strictly amateur. The highest level of Gaelic Football remains amateur, whereas rugby union now offers professional and semi-profe ... Read »


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    • Decisions in combat sports

    • In combat sports, a decision is a result of the fight or bout that does not end in a knockout in which the judges' scorecards are consulted to determine the winner; a majority of judges must agree on a result. A fight can either end in a win for an athlete, a draw, or a no decision. If a fight ends with neither fighte ... Read »


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    • Degree of difficulty


    • Disaster draft

    • A disaster draft or contingency draft is a procedure developed by professional sports leagues to rebuild a team's roster if many players are disabled or killed. Since the advent of modern mass transportation, there have been accidents that killed all or nearly all members of various sports teams. The 1949 Torino F ... Read »


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    • Ejection (sports)

    • In sports, an ejection (also known as dismissal, sending-off, or disqualification) is the removal of a participant from a contest due to a violation of the sport's rules. The exact violations that lead to an ejection vary depending upon the sport, but common causes for ejection include unsportsmanlike conduct, violent ... Read »


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    • Field hockey pitch

    • A hockey pitch is the playing surface for the game of field hockey. Historically, the game was played on natural turf (grass) but nowadays is predominantly played on an artificial turf. The transition onto artificial pitches came during the 1970s and was made mandatory for major competitions in 1976. All the lines, mar ... Read »


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    • ISU Judging System

    • The ISU Judging System (also called Code of Points (CoP) or the International Judging System (IJS)), is the scoring system currently used to judge the figure skating disciplines of men's and ladies' singles, pair skating, ice dancing, and synchronized skating. It was designed and implemented by the International Skatin ... Read »


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    • Football pitch

    • A football pitch (also known as a football field or soccer field) is the playing surface for the game of association football. Made of turf (grass) or artificial turf, its dimensions and markings are defined by Law 1 of the Laws of the Game, "The Field of Play". All line markings on the pitch form part of the area whi ... Read »


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    • Forms of cricket

    • Cricket is a multi-faceted sport with multiple formats, depending on the standard of play, the desired level of formality, and the time available. One of the main differences is between matches limited by time in which the teams have two innings apiece, and those limited by number of overs in which they have a single i ... Read »


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    • Freestyle wrestling

    • Freestyle wrestling

      Freestyle wrestling is a style of amateur wrestling that is practiced throughout the world. Along with Greco-Roman, it is one of the two styles of wrestling contested in the Olympic games. American high school and college wrestling is conducted under different rules and is termed scholastic and collegiate wrestling. F ... Read »


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    • Fronton (court)

    • A Fronton (Spanish: frontón; Basque: frontoi or pilotaleku; French: fronton) is a two-walled or single-walled court used as a playing area for Basque pelota. The front wall of the first frontons in villages was usually the wall of a church. Because the games being played close by, several priests would play pel ... Read »


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    • Grass court

    • A grass court is one of the four different types of court on which the sport of tennis, originally known as "lawn tennis", is played. Grass courts are made of grasses in different compositions depending on the tournament. Although grass courts are more traditional than other types of tennis courts, maintenance costs o ... Read »


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    • Greco-Roman wrestling

    • Greco-Roman Wrestling

      Greco-Roman (US) or Graeco-Roman (UK) wrestling is a style of wrestling that is practiced worldwide. It was contested at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 and has been included in every edition of the summer Olympics held since 1908. Two wrestlers are scored for their performance in two three-minute periods, which ... Read »


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    • List of gridiron football rules

    • The following is a description of the various and alternating rules of gridiron football. Numerous leagues or organizations tend to send a laundry list of rules in order to better distinguish themselves from their counterparts. American football is played on a field 360 by 160 feet (109.7 by 48.8 m). The longer ... Read »


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    • Gymnastics

    • Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, endurance and control. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and sel ... Read »


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    • American handball

    • American handball is a sport in which players use their hands to hit a small rubber ball against a wall such that their opponent cannot do the same without it touching the ground twice. The three versions are four-wall, three-wall and one-wall. Each version can be played either by two players (singles), three players ( ... Read »


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    • Hockey Rules Board

    • The Hockey Rules Board, which is a board under the Executive Board of the International Hockey Federation (FIH), produces rules for both indoor and outdoor field hockey. There are currently 16 members including a Chairman, Secretary, and Rules Development Secretary in the Board. All of them have played and/or ump ... Read »


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    • Ice hockey rules

    • Ice hockey rules define the parameters of the sport of ice hockey. The sport is governed by several organizations including the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), the National Hockey League (NHL), Hockey Canada, USA Hockey and others. The rules define the size of the hockey rink where a game is played, the pla ... Read »


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    • List of international sports federations

    • This is a list of international sports federations, each of which serves as a non-governmental governing body for a given sport and administers its sport at a world level, most often crafting rules, promoting the sport to prospective spectators and fans, developing prospective players, and organizing world or continent ... Read »


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    • Lacrosse

    • Lacrosse

      Lacrosse is a contact team sport played between two teams using a small rubber ball (62.8–64.77 mm (2.472–2.550 in), 140–147 g (4.9–5.2 oz)) and a long-handled stick called a crosse or lacrosse stick. The men's version is considered as a rough sport, with slashes and intense checks to th ... Read »


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    • Laws of Australian rules football

    • The laws of Australian rules football describe the rules of the game of Australian rules football as they have evolved and adapted, with the same underlying core rules, since 1859. The current laws consist of an extensive document titled "Laws of Australian Football", which contains the rules and interpretations of th ... Read »


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    • Laws of rugby league

    • The laws of rugby league, officially the Laws of the Game, are the laws governing the game of rugby league football. The Laws apply to the play, officiating, equipment and procedures of the sport. The Laws are the responsibility of the Rugby League International Federation. Rugby league governing bodies are permitted ... Read »


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    • Laws of rugby union

    • The laws of rugby union are defined by World Rugby (originally the International Rugby Football Board, and later International Rugby Board) and dictate how the game should be played. They are enforced by a referee, generally with the help of two assistant referees. When playing a game of rugby union the overall object ... Read »


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    • Mercy rule

    • A mercy rule, slaughter rule, knockout rule, or skunk rule ends a two-competitor sports contest earlier than the scheduled endpoint if one competitor has a very large and presumably insurmountable lead over the other. It is called the mercy rule because it spares further humiliation for the loser. It is common in youth ... Read »


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    • Mixed martial arts rules

    • Most rule sets for mixed martial arts competitions have evolved since the creation of life vale tudo. As the knowledge about fighting techniques spread among fighters and spectators, it became clear that the original minimalist rule systems needed to be amended. As rules evolved and regulations added, different branche ... Read »


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    • NASCAR rules and regulations

    • The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) makes and enforces numerous rules and regulations that transcend all racing series. NASCAR issues a different rule book for each racing series; however, rule books are published exclusively for NASCAR members and are not made available to the public. Still, m ... Read »


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    • National Dodgeball League rules

    • The National Dodgeball League (NDL) rules were created to standardize professional dodgeball matches to make them fair and consistent. All NDL sanctioned amateur, college, and youth events abide exclusively by NDL rules. The rules are subject to modification at the sole discretion of the NDL to accommodate and respond ... Read »


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    • Offside (sport)

    • Offside, often pluralized as Offsides in American English, is a rule used by several different team sports regulating aspects of player positioning. It is particularly used in field sports with rules deriving from the various codes of football, such as association football, rugby union and rugby league, and in some oth ... Read »


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    • Olympic Charter

    • The Olympic Charter is a set of rules and guidelines for the organisation of the Olympic Games, and for governing the Olympic movement. Its last revision was on the 9 September 2013. Adopted by International Olympic Committee (IOC), it is the codification of the fundamental principles, rules and by-laws. French and En ... Read »


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    • Pak salto

    • The Pak, or Pak salto, is a release move performed on the uneven bars in women's artistic gymnastics. The move starts with the gymnast hanging on the high bar and facing the low bar, then swinging forwards towards the low bar and performing a straight backward salto to catch the low bar. The uneven bar transition is n ... Read »


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    • Penalty shoot-out (field hockey)

    • A penalty shootout is a method used in field hockey to decide which team progresses to the next stage of a tournament (or wins the tournament) following a tied game. Generally referred to as 'slaps' by players. Two methods have been used: the original penalty stroke competition is a best-of-five penalty strokes with su ... Read »


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    • Penalty stroke

    • In field hockey, a penalty stroke, sometimes known as a penalty flick, is the most severe penalty given. It is predominantly awarded when a foul has prevented a certain goal from being scored or for a deliberate infringement by a defender in the penalty circle. There are two reasons why a penalty stroke may be awa ... Read »


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    • Professional Inline Hockey Association rules

    • Professional Inline Hockey Association (PIHA)

      The Professional Inline Hockey Association (PIHA) is an "incorporated for-profit association" which operates an inline hockey league, with two conferences, of 11 franchised member clubs, all of which are currently located in the United States. Headquartered in Middletown, Pennsylvania, the PIHA is considered to be one ... Read »


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    • Proposition 48 (NCAA)

    • Proposition 48 is LIT regulation that stipulates minimum high school grades and standardized test scores that student-athletes must meet in order to participate in college athletic competition. The NCAA enacted Proposition 48 in 1986. As of 2010, the regulation is as follows: Before a high school student can be elig ... Read »


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    • Real Pro Wrestling

    • Real Pro Wrestling (also known as RPW or RealPro Wrestling) was a professional sports league of wrestling, similar to the amateur wrestling found in the Olympic Games and at the college and high school level. The term "real" was meant to emphasize that it was professional (meaning the wrestlers are paid money) and it w ... Read »


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    • Real tennis rules

    • Real tennis – one of several games sometimes called "the sport of kings" – is the original racquet sport from which the modern game of lawn tennis (usually simply called tennis) is derived. It is also known as court tennis in the United States, formerly royal tennis in England and Australia, and courte- ... Read »


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    • Regulation of sport

    • The regulation of sport is usually done by a sport governing body for each sport, resulting in a core of relatively invariant, agreed rules. People responsible for leisure activities often seek recognition and respectability as sports by joining sports federations such as the International Olympic Committee, or by form ... Read »


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    • Relationship between Australian rules football and Gaelic football

    • The relationship between Australian rules football and Gaelic football is the subject of controversy among historians. The question of whether the two codes of football, from Australia and Ireland respectively, have shared origins arises due to similar styles of play in both games. Both Irish and Irish Australian hist ... Read »


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    • Rugby league playing field

    • The rugby league playing field, also referred to as a pitch or paddock, is the playing surface for the sport of rugby league football and is surfaced exclusively with grass. The dimensions and markings of a full-sized playing area are defined in Section 1 of the Laws of the Game. These Laws are the agreed upon and mai ... Read »


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    • Rule 40

    • Rule 40 is a by-law in the Olympic Charter stating that only approved sponsors may reference "Olympic-related terms". It was introduced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to prevent so-called ambush marketing by companies who are not official sponsors and to sanction links between athletes and unofficial spon ... Read »


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    • Rules of netball

    • Netball is a ball sport for two teams of seven players; its rules are published in print and online by the International Netball Federation. Games are played on a rectangular court divided into thirds, with a raised goal at each short end. The object of the game is for teams to score goals, by passing a ball and shooti ... Read »


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    • Scholastic wrestling

    • Scholastic Wrestling

      Scholastic wrestling, sometimes known in the United States as folkstyle wrestling, is a style of amateur wrestling practiced at the high school and middle school levels in the United States. This wrestling style is essentially collegiate wrestling with some slight modifications. It is practiced in 49 of the 50 states i ... Read »


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    • Short course prevention factor

    • The short course prevention factor (SCPF) is a multiplicative factor or coefficient used in the sport of athletics, specifically road running, to ensure that the measured length of a course is at least as long as the desired length of the course. The International Association of Athletics Federations, the international ... Read »


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    • Technical time-out (volleyball)

    • A technical time-out in volleyball and beach volleyball is a time-out stipulated by the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) in each non-tie-breaking set. It is the formalized equivalent of a television timeout in other sports: ... Read »


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    • Tennis court

    • A tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played. It is a firm rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the center. The same surface can be used to play both doubles and singles matches. A variety of surfaces can be used to create a tennis court, each with its own characteristics which affect ... Read »


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    • True Team

    • The True Team format is meant to determine the top overall team, rather than individuals, in a track and field or swim and dive competition. In a True Team meet, each team has a given amount of competitors, with each competitor scoring at least one point (barring disqualification). Therefore, in a nine team meet with t ... Read »


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    • UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations

    • The UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations (FFP) were agreed to in principle in September 2009 by the Financial Control Panel of football’s governing body in Europe (Union of European Football Associations – UEFA). They were established to prevent professional football clubs spending more than they earn in the ... Read »


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    • USA Footvolley

    • USA Footvolley is the national governing body for Footvolley in the United States. It is in charge of selecting the United States Footvolley team and any other teams which officially represent the United States, as well as the overall organization and operation of the sport within the country, in accordance with the Am ... Read »


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    • USA Swimming

    • USA Swimming

      USA Swimming is the national governing body for competitive swimming in the United States. It is charged with selecting the United States Olympic Swimming team and any other teams which officially represent the United States, as well as the overall organization and operation of the sport within the country, in accordan ... Read »


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    • Volleyball

    • Volleyball

      Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since 1964. The complete rules are extensive. But simply, play ... Read »


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    • Welsh handball

    • Welsh Handball (Welsh: Pêl-Law) is one of the most ancient native sports of Wales. It is related to coeval sports such as Irish handball, Fives, Basque pelota and later American handball and has been continually attested since the Middle Ages. The sports popularity saw it become an important expression of Welsh cult ... Read »


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    • World Anti-Doping Agency

    • World Anti-Doping Agency

      The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is a foundation initiated by the International Olympic Committee based in Canada to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sports. The agency's key activities include scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities, and monitoring of the Worl ... Read »


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