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  • Ship types

    Ship types

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    • Ships by type

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    • Boat types

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    • CAM ships

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    • Cargo liners

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    • Cargo ships

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    • Coal hulks

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    • Concrete ships

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    • Cottonclad warships

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    • Design 1013 ships

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    • Design 1014 ships

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    • Design 1015 ships

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    • Design 1019 ships

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    • Design 1020 ships

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    • Design 1022 ships

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    • Design 1024 ships

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    • Design 1025 ships

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    • Design 1027 ships

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    • Design 1029 ships

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    • Design 1031 ships

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    • Design 1032 ships

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    • Design 1037 ships

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    • Design 1049 ships

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    • Design 1074 ships

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    • Design 1079 ships

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    • Design 1093 ships

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    • Design 1095 ships

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    • Design 1099 ships

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    • Design 1100 tankers

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    • Design 1105 ships

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    • Design 1128 ships

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    • Design 1133 ships

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    • Destroyer tenders

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    • Gunboats

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    • High-speed craft

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    • Ironclad warships

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    • Missile range instrumentation ships

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    • Paddle steamers

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    • Q-ships

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    • Standard ship types of the United States

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    • Standard World War I ships

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    • Stealth ships

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    • Steam rams

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    • Type C1 ships

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    • Type C2 ships

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    • Type C3 ships

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    • Type C4 ships

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    • Type C5 ships

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    • Type C8 ships

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    • Type N3 ships

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    • Type P1 ships

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    • Type P2 ships

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    • Type P3 ships

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    • Type P4 ships

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    • Type P6 ships

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    • Type R1 ships

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    • Type S2 ships

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    • Type S3 ships

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    • Type S4 ships

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    • Wind turbine installation vessels

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    • Xebecs

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    • Ship type stubs

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    • Admiralty tug

    • Admiralty tugs were tugboats built for and operated by the Royal Navy. These were vessels built to Admiralty specifications and in specific classes during the First and Second World Wars. They were built to meet the Royal Navy’s demand for auxiliary vessels and to supplement the civilian tugs requisitioned by the ... Read »


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    • Aframax

    • An Aframax ship is an oil tanker smaller than 120,000 metric tonnes and with a breadth not greater than 32.31 m and therefore would have been able to pass through the original Panama canal. The term is based on the Average Freight Rate Assessment (AFRA), a tanker rate system created in 1954 by Shell Oil to standardise ... Read »


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    • Aircraft carrier

    • An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft. Typically, it is the capital ship of a fleet, as it allows a naval force to project air power worldwide without depending on local bases fo ... Read »


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    • Aircraft cruiser

    • The aircraft cruiser (also known as aviation cruiser or cruiser-carrier) is a warship that combines the features of the aircraft carrier and a surface warship such as a cruiser or battleship. The first aircraft cruiser was originally a 1930s experimental concept of creating an all-around warship. The early aircraf ... Read »


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    • Amenities ship

    • An amenities ship is a ship outfitted with recreational facilities as part of a mobile naval base. Amenities ships included movie theaters and canteens staffed by mercantile crews of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary service. These ships were intended to provide a place where British Pacific Fleet personnel could relax between ... Read »


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    • Ammunition ship

    • An ammunition ship is an auxiliary ship specially configured to carry ammunition, usually for Navy ships and aircraft. Their cargo handling systems, designed with extreme safety in mind, include ammunition hoists with airlocks between decks, and mechanisms for flooding entire compartments with sea water in case of emer ... Read »


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    • Amphibious command ship

    • Amphibious command ship

      An amphibious command ship (LCC) of the United States Navy is a large, special-purpose ship, originally designed to command large amphibious invasions. However, as amphibious invasions have become unlikely, they are now used as general command ships, and serve as floating headquarters for the various combatant commands ... Read »


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    • Amphibious transport dock

    • An amphibious transport dock, also called a landing platform/dock (LPD), is an amphibious warfare ship, a warship that embarks, transports, and lands elements of a landing force for expeditionary warfare missions. Several navies currently operate this kind of ship. The ships are generally designed to transport troops i ... Read »


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    • Amphibious warfare ship

    • An amphibious warfare ship (or amphib) is a warship employed to land and support ground forces, such as marines, on enemy territory during an amphibious assault. The largest fleet of these types is operated by the United States Navy. Specialized shipping can be divided into two types, most crudely described as ships a ... Read »


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    • Anchor handling tug supply vessel

    • Anchor Handling Tug Supply (AHTS) vessels are mainly built to handle anchors for oil rigs, tow them to location, anchor them up and, in a few cases, serve as an Emergency Response and Rescue Vessel (ERRV). They are also used to transport supplies to and from offshore drilling rigs. Many of these vessels are designed t ... Read »


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    • Armed boarding steamer

    • An armed boarding steamer (or "armed boarding ship", or "armed boarding vessel") was a merchantman that during World War I the British Royal Navy converted to a warship. AB steamers or AB vessels had the role of enforcing wartime blockades by intercepting and boarding foreign vessels. The boarding party would inspect t ... Read »


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    • Armed merchant ship

    • The term armed merchant ship may describe a number of similar ship modifications intended for significantly different missions. The term armed merchantman is generally used. ... Read »


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    • Armed merchantman

    • Armed merchantman is a term that has come to mean a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. In the days of sail, piracy and privateers, many merchantmen would be routinely armed, especially those engaging in long distance and high value trade. The most famou ... Read »


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    • Armed yacht

    • An armed yacht was a yacht that was armed with weapons and was typically in the service of a navy. Their speed and maneuverability made them useful as patrol vessels. In the United States Navy armed yachts were typically private yachts expropriated for government use in times of war. Armed yachts served as patrol vesse ... Read »


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    • Armored cruiser

    • The armored cruiser was a type of warship of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was designed like other types of cruisers to operate as a long-range, independent warship, capable of defeating any ship apart from a battleship and fast enough to outrun any battleship it encountered. Varying in size, it was distin ... Read »


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    • Arsenal ship

    • An arsenal ship was a concept for a floating missile platform intended to have as many as five hundred vertical launch bays for mid-sized missiles, most likely cruise missiles. In current U.S. naval thinking, such a ship would initially be controlled remotely by an Aegis Cruiser, although plans include control by AWACS ... Read »


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    • Attack submarine

    • An attack submarine or hunter-killer submarine is a submarine specifically designed for the purpose of attacking and sinking other submarines, surface combatants and merchant vessels. In the Soviet and Russian navies they were and are called "multi-purpose submarines". They are also used to protect friendly surface com ... Read »


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    • Attack transport

    • Attack transport is a United States Navy ship classification for a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore. Unlike standard troopships – often drafted from commercial shipping fleets – that rely on either a quay or tenders, attack transports carry their own fleet of lan ... Read »


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    • Autonomous ship

    • Autonomous spaceport drone ships of SpaceX

      An autonomous spaceport drone ship (ASDS) is an ocean-going vessel derived from a deck barge, outfitted with station-keeping engines and a large landing platform. Construction of such ships was commissioned by aerospace company SpaceX to allow for recovery of rocket first-stages at sea for high-velocity missions which ... Read »


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    • Auxiliary crane ship

    • An Auxiliary Crane Ship is a vessel of the United States Military Sealift Command designed to operate where port facilities are limited or damaged to transfer cargo between themselves, other vessels, and piers. Auxiliary crane ships are converted commercial container ships, equipped with pedestal cranes capable of ... Read »


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    • Auxiliary repair dock

    • An Auxiliary repair dock is a type of vessel employed by the U.S. Navy, especially during World War II, when it commissioned 33 such vessels. The Auxiliary repair dock was actually a floating drydock, which could, by design, provide drydock facility to damaged Navy vessels. Floating drydocks of this type were appr ... Read »


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    • Auxiliary ship

    • An auxiliary ship is a naval ship which is designed to operate in any number of roles supporting combatant ships and other naval operations. Auxiliaries are not primary combatants, although they may have some limited combat capacity, usually of a self-defence nature. Auxiliaries are extremely important for navies of a ... Read »


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    • Aviation-capable naval vessels

    • Many present-day naval vessels, aside from aircraft carriers and full-length deck amphibious assault ships, are capable of carrying aircraft. A majority of United States Navy ships have at least a helipad, capable of landing medium-sized helicopters. Many others have decks and even hangars incorporated into the structu ... Read »


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    • Baidak

    • Baidak (Ukrainian: байда́к) was a wooden sailing ship, similar to a cog. It had a flush-laid flat bottom approximately 3–4 metres wide, which narrowed to tapered ends, and one 5 metre mast. Measuring approximately 15–20 (or 36–60) metres in length, a baidak could carry a load of appr ... Read »


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    • Balinger

    • A balinger, or ballinger was a type of small, sea-going vessel. It was swift and performed well under both sail and oars. It was probably developed in Bayonne for hunting whales. The ships were used in the conquest of Anglesey in 1282 (oxford illustrated history of the Royal Navy, 1995,p7 and p11). They were also in us ... Read »


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    • Balloon carrier

    • A balloon carrier or balloon tender was a ship equipped with a balloon, usually tied to the ship by a rope or cable, and usually used for observation. During the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century, these ships were built to have the furthest possible view of the surrounding waters. After several ... Read »


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    • Baltimax

    • Baltimax

      Baltimax is a naval architecture term for the largest ship measurements capable of entering and leaving the Baltic Sea in a laden condition. It is the Great Belt route that allows the largest ships. The limit is a draft of 15.4 metres and an air draft of 65 metres (limited by the clearance of the east bridge of the Gr ... Read »


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    • Baltimore Clipper

    • Baltimore Clipper is the colloquial name for fast sailing ships built on the mid-Atlantic seaboard of the United States of America, especially at the port of Baltimore, Maryland. The name is most commonly applied to two-masted schooners and brigantines. These vessels may also be referred to as Baltimore Flyers. Baltim ... Read »


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    • Barca-longa

    • The barca-longa was a two or three-masted lugger found on the coasts of Spain and Portugal as well as more widely in the Mediterranean Sea. They were used in Spain and Portugal for fishing but were employed by the British Royal Navy in Mediterranean waters, for shore raids or as dispatch boats. In general, they were no ... Read »


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    • Barquentine

    • Barquentine

      A barquentine or schooner barque (alternatively "barkentine" or "schooner bark") is a sailing vessel with three or more masts; with a square rigged foremast and fore-and-aft rigged main, mizzen and any other masts. While a full-rigged ship is square-rigged on all three masts, and the barque is square-rigged on the ... Read »


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    • Barracks ship

    • Barracks ship or barracks barge are terms used to indicate a ship or a non-self-propelled barge containing a superstructure of a type suitable for use as a temporary barracks for sailors or other military personnel. A barracks ship may also be used as a "Receiving Unit" for sailors who need temporary residence prior to ... Read »


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    • Bathyscaphe

    • A bathyscaphe (/ˈbæθᵻskeɪf/ or /ˈbæθᵻskæf/) is a free-diving self-propelled deep-sea submersible, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere, but suspended below a float rather than from a surface cable, as in the classic bathysphere design. The float is filled with gasoline ... Read »


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    • Battlecruiser

    • A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. They were similar in size, cost, and armament to battleships, but they generally carried less armour in order to obtain faster speeds. The first battlecruisers were designed in the United Kingdom in the first decade of t ... Read »


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    • Battleship

    • A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the battleship was the most powerful type of warship, and a fleet of battleships was vital for any nation that desired to maintain command of the sea. The word battleship was coin ... Read »


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    • Bawarij

    • Bawarij (Sindhi: باوارج‎) were Sindhi pirates from Sindh named for their distinctive barja warships. They looted Arab shipping bound for the South Asia and China, but entirely converted to Islam during the rule of the Samma Dynasty (AD 1335–1520). They are mentioned by Ma'sudi as frequenting ... Read »


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    • Bawley

    • A bawley was an English sailing vessel typified by a boomless cutter rig and probably named for having a boiler for cooking shrimp in amidships. "The majority were built by Aldous of Brightlingsea" but they were also built in Harwich, Erith, Southend, Leigh and on the Medway. A bawley Bona (LO178) built by Aldou of Br ... Read »


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    • Beden

    • The Beden', badan, or alternate type names Beden-seyed and Beden-safar, is a fast, ancient Somali single or double-masted maritime vessel and ship, typified by its towering stern-post and powerful rudder. It is also the longest surviving sewn boat in the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Its shipyards predomina ... Read »


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    • Bermuda sloop

    • The Bermuda sloop is a type of fore-and-aft rigged sailing vessel developed on the islands of Bermuda in the 17th century. In its purest form, it is single-masted, though some ships with such rigging can be built with as many as three masts, which are also known as Schooners. Its original form had gaff rigging, but evo ... Read »


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    • Bilander

    • A bilander, also spelled billander or bélandre, was a small European merchant ship with two masts - used in the Netherlands for coast and canal traffic and occasionally seen in the North Sea but more frequently to be seen in the Mediterranean Sea. The mainmast was lateen-rigged with a trapezoidal mainsail, but the f ... Read »


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    • Blackwall frigate

    • Blackwall frigate was the colloquial name for a type of three-masted full-rigged ship built between the late 1830s and the mid-1870s. They were originally intended as replacements for the British East Indiaman in the trade between England, the Cape of Good Hope, India and China, but from the 1850s were also employed i ... Read »


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    • Blockship

    • A blockship is a ship deliberately sunk to prevent a river, channel, or canal from being used. It may either be sunk by a navy defending the waterway to prevent the ingress of attacking enemy forces, as in the case of HMS Hood at Portland Harbour in 1914; or it may be brought by enemy raiders and used to prevent the wa ... Read »


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    • Bludworth

    • The Bludworth ATB ocean tug barge connection system was developed by Richard and Robert Bludworth during the 1960s. The first Bludworth articulated tug barge unit was the ocean LPG barge Ponciana which was coupled with the converted ATB tug Texan in 1970. The Texan sank off Cape Hatteras in 1979. The Ponciana is still ... Read »


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    • Boita

    • Boitas(Odia:ବୋଇତ) were larger boats and ships that were built in ancient Kalinga kingdom during the heyday of the empire. Kalinga's sea facing regions consisting of coastal Odisha had major trading ports for which boitas were used. Ancient Oriental traders sailed from Kalinga to distant lands such o ... Read »


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    • Bomb vessel

    • A bomb vessel, bomb ship, bomb ketch, or simply bomb was a type of wooden sailing naval ship. Its primary armament was not cannons (long guns or carronades)—although bomb vessels carried a few cannons for self-defence—but mortars mounted forward near the bow and elevated to a high angle, and projecting their ... Read »


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    • Breastwork monitor

    • A breastwork monitor was a type of ship originated by Sir Edward Reed, the Chief Constructor of the Royal Navy between 1863 and 1870. The term "monitor" was directly derived from the American ship of that name, USS Monitor designed by John Ericsson which served in the American Civil War. The American ships were ver ... Read »


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    • Brigantine

    • Brigantine

      The brigantine was a two-masted sailing vessel with a fully square rigged foremast and at least two sails on the main mast: a square topsail and a gaff sail mainsail (behind the mast). The main mast is the second and taller of the two masts. Modern American definitions include vessels without the square sails on the m ... Read »


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    • Bulk carrier

    • Bulk carrier

      A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or bulker is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo, such as grains, coal, ore, and cement in its cargo holds. Since the first specialized bulk carrier was built in 1852, economic forces have fuelled the development of these ships, causing them to grow in s ... Read »


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    • USCG seagoing buoy tender

    • The USCG seagoing buoy tender is a type of United States Coast Guard cutter originally designed to service aids to navigation throughout the waters of the United States, and wherever American shipping interests require. The U.S. Coast Guard has maintained a fleet of seagoing buoy tenders dating back to its origins in t ... Read »


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    • Cable layer

    • A cable layer or cable ship is a deep-sea vessel designed and used to lay underwater cables for telecommunications, electric power transmission, or other purposes. Cable ships are distinguished by large cable sheaves for guiding cable over bow or stern or both. Bow sheaves, some very large, were characteristic of all c ... Read »


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    • Caicque

    • A caïque (Greek: καΐκι, kaiki, from Turkish: kayık ) is the term for a traditional fishing boat usually found among the waters of the Ionian or Aegean Sea, and also a light skiff used on the Bosporus. It is traditionally a small wooden trading vessel, brightly painted and rigged for sail. The caà ... Read »


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    • Cannery tender

    • A Cannery tender was a type of commercial fishing vessel operated by salmon canneries in the early to mid- 20th century. Most commonly used in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, the tender was used to transport fish from the cannery owned fish traps to the cannery. Tenders were also used to transport men and supplies to ... Read »


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    • Cape Codder (boat)


    • Capesize

    • Capesize ships are the largest dry cargo ships. They are too large to transit the Suez Canal (Suezmax limits) or Panama Canal (Neopanamax limits), and so have to pass either the Cape of Good Hope (Cape Agulhas) or Cape Horn to traverse between oceans. When the Suez Canal was deepened in 2009, it became possible for so ... Read »


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    • Capital ship

    • The capital ships of a navy are its most important warships; they are generally the larger ships when compared to other warships in their respective fleet. A capital ship is generally a leading or a primary ship in a naval fleet. William S. Lind, in the book America Can Win (p. 90), defines a capital ship as follow ... Read »


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    • Car float

    • A railroad car float or rail barge is an unpowered barge with rail tracks mounted on its deck. It is used to move railroad cars across water obstacles, or to locations they could not otherwise go, and is towed by a tugboat or pushed by a towboat. As such, the car float is a specialised form of the lighter, as opposed t ... Read »


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    • Caramoussal

    • A Caramoussal (from Turkish: karamürsel ) is a high-pooped historical trading and naval ship of the Ottoman Navy. They were particularly active in the 17th century Ottoman Empire. They were started to be built during the period of the first Ottoman Kapudan Pasha, Karamürsel Bey, in the dockyard of the town of Ka ... Read »


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    • Caravel

    • A caravel (Portuguese: caravela, IPA: [kɐɾɐˈvɛlɐ]) is a small, highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore along the West African coast and into the Atlantic Ocean. The lateen sails gave it speed and the capacity for sailing windward (beating). Carave ... Read »


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    • Cargo liner

    • A cargo liner is a type of merchant ship which carries general cargo and often passengers. They became common just after the middle of the 19th century, and eventually gave way to container ships and other more specialized carriers in the latter half of the 20th century. A cargo liner has been defined as: A vesse ... Read »


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    • Cargo ship

    • A cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another. Thousands of cargo carriers ply the world's seas and oceans each year, handling the bulk of international trade. Cargo ships are usually specially designed for the task, often being equipped with c ... Read »


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    • Carrack

    • A carrack or naus was a three- or four-masted ocean-going sailing ship and was developed in the 14th and 15th centuries in Europe. Carracks were first used for European trade from the Mediterranean to the Baltic. In its most advanced forms, it was used by the Portuguese for trade with the African coast and finally with ... Read »


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    • Casemate ironclad

    • The casemate ironclad is a type of iron or iron-armored gunboat briefly used in the American Civil War. Compared to the turreted ironclad warships that became standard, the casemate ironclad does not have its cannons in an armored gun deck, but instead has a casemate structure (often sloped) on the main deck housing th ... Read »


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    • Cat-ketch

    • A cat-ketch is a sailboat that is rigged as both a catboat and a ketch. Specifically, there is larger mast stepped at the very bow, and a smaller mast further aft. It is different from a standard ketch rig because there is no jib, and the foremost mast is further forward than most ketches. This rig is found on amongst ... Read »


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    • Catamaran

    • A catamaran (/ˌkætəməˈræn/) (informally, a "cat") is a multi-hulled watercraft featuring two parallel hulls of equal size. It is a geometry-stabilized craft, deriving its stability from its wide beam, rather than from a ballasted keel as with a monohull sailboat. Being ballast-free and therefore light ... Read »


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    • Chemical tanker

    • A chemical tanker is a type of tanker ship designed to transport chemicals in bulk. As defined in MARPOL Annex II, chemical tanker means a ship constructed or adapted for carrying in bulk any liquid product listed in chapter 17 of the International Bulk Chemical Code. As well as industrial chemicals and clean petroleum ... Read »


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    • Clipper

    • A clipper was a very fast sailing ship of the middle third of the 19th century. They were fast, yacht-like vessels, with three masts and a square rig. They were generally narrow for their length, could carry limited bulk freight, small by later 19th century standards, and had a large total sail area. Clipper ships were ... Read »


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    • Clyde puffer

    • The Clyde puffer is a type of small coal-fired and single-masted cargo ship built mainly on the Forth and Clyde canal and which provided a vital supply link around the west coast and Hebrides islands of Scotland. Built between 1856 and 1939, these stumpy little steamboats achieved an almost mythical status thanks large ... Read »


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    • Coastal defence ship

    • Coastal defence ships (sometimes called coastal battleships or coast defence ships) were warships built for the purpose of coastal defence, mostly during the period from 1860 to 1920. They were small, often cruiser-sized warships that sacrificed speed and range for armour and armament. They were usually attractive to n ... Read »


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    • Coastal minehunter

    • Coastal minehunters are ships that are designed to find, classify, and destroy moored and bottom mines from vital waterways. Coastal minehunters are generally smaller and with lower sea-keeping and endurance than oceangoing minehunters. They are usually tasked with keeping fixed high-value choke points clear of mines, ... Read »


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    • Coastal minesweeper

    • Coastal minesweeper is a term used by the United States Navy to indicate a minesweeper intended for coastal use as opposed to participating in fleet operations at sea. Because of its small size—usually less than 100 feet in length—and construction—wood as opposed to steel—and slow speed—usuall ... Read »


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    • Coccas (ship type)

    • Coccas was a type of ship created by the Italian ports during the 1500s, the equivalent of the northern cog. It had a longer hull than earlier Mediterranean types. ... Read »


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    • Cog (ship)

    • A cog (or cog-built vessels) is a type of ship that first appeared in the 10th century, and was widely used from around the 12th century on. Cogs were generally built of oak, which was an abundant timber in the Baltic region of Prussia. This vessel was fitted with a single mast and a square-rigged single sail. These ve ... Read »


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    • Collier (ship)

    • A collier is a bulk cargo ship designed to carry coal, especially for naval use by coal-fired warships. Coaling at sea was critical to navies and speed of coal transfer was an important metric of naval efficiency. In 1883, forty tons an hour was considered fast and it would take over twelve hours to restock half the b ... Read »


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    • Combat stores ship

    • Combat stores ships, or Storeships were originally a designation given to ships in the Age of Sail and immediately afterward that navies used to stow supplies and other goods for naval purposes. Today, the United States Navy and the Royal Navy operate modern combat store ships. The Sirius and Mars classes (for the U ... Read »


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    • Combatant ship

    • A combatant ship is a naval ship designed primarily to go "into harm's way." A combatant ship is armed with offensive weaponry, although the ship and its weapons may be employed in offensive or defensive roles. Combatant ships and auxiliary ships form the two primary groups of naval vessels. The key discriminator is t ... Read »


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    • Concrete ship

    • Concrete ships are built of steel and ferrocement (reinforced concrete) instead of more traditional materials, such as steel or wood. The advantage of ferrocement construction is that materials are cheap and readily available, while the disadvantages are that construction labor costs are high, as are operating costs. ( ... Read »


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    • Container ship

    • External images

      Container ships (sometimes spelled ) are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization. They are a common means of commercial intermodal freight transport and now carry most seagoing non-bulk cargo. Container ship capacity is measured in twenty-foo ... Read »


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    • Convoy rescue ship

    • During the Second World War designated convoy rescue ships accompanied some Atlantic convoys to rescue survivors from ships that had been attacked. Rescue ships were typically small freighters with passenger accommodation converted to rescue service. This involved enlarging galley and food storage areas and providing b ... Read »


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    • Corvette

    • A corvette is a small warship. It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or "rated") warship. The warship class above the corvette is that of the frigate, while the class below was historically that of the sloop-of-war. The modern types of ship below a corvette are coastal patrol craft ... Read »


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    • Cottonclad warship

    • Cottonclads were a classification of steam-powered warships where a wooden ship was protected from enemy fire by bales of cotton lining its sides. Cotton-clads were prevalent during the American Civil War, particularly in the Confederate States Navy for riverine and coastal service such as in the battles of Memphis and ... Read »


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    • Coulombi Egg Tanker

    • The Coulombi Egg Tanker is a design that is aimed at reducing oil spills. It was approved by IMO as an alternative to the double hull concept. The United States Coast Guard does not allow this design to enter US waters, effectively preventing it from being built. The design is an enhanced Mid-Deck Tanker and consi ... Read »


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    • Crane vessel

    • A crane vessel, crane ship or floating crane is a ship with a crane specialized in lifting heavy loads. The largest crane vessels are used for offshore construction. Conventional monohulls are used, but the largest crane vessels are often catamaran or semi-submersible types as they have increased stability. On a sheerl ... Read »


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    • Crommesteven

    • The Crommesteven or cromsteven, often as crompster, cromster or crumster (from crom = bent, concave; steven = stem) was a type of small warship used by the Dutch Republic and later by the British fleets during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It was designed for work inshore on the shoal Netherlands coast and w ... Read »


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    • Cruise ship

    • A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ship's amenities are a part of the experience, as well as the different destinations, i.e., ports of call, along the way. Transportation is not the only purpose of cruising, particularly on cruises that return p ... Read »


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    • Cruiseferry

    • A cruiseferry is a ship that combines the features of a cruise ship with a Ro-Pax ferry. Many passengers travel with the ships for the cruise experience, staying only a few hours at the destination port or not leaving the ship at all, while others use the ships as means of transportation. Cruiseferry traffic is mainly ... Read »


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    • Cruiser

    • A cruiser is a type of warship. The term has been in use for several hundred years, and has had different meanings throughout this period. During the Age of Sail, the term cruising referred to certain kinds of missions – independent scouting, commerce protection, or raiding – fulfilled by a frigate or sloop, ... Read »


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    • Danlayer

    • A danlayer was a type of vessel assigned to minesweeping flotillas during and immediately after World War II. They were usually small trawlers, fitted for the purpose of laying dans. A dan is a marker buoy which consists of a long pole moored to the seabed and fitted to float vertically, usually with a coded flag at th ... Read »


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    • Deep-submergence rescue vehicle

    • A Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) is a type of Deep Submergence Vehicle used for rescue of downed submarines and clandestine missions. While DSRV is the term most often used by the United States Navy other nations have different designations for their vehicles. ASRV Remora ("Really Excellent Method Of Rescu ... Read »


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    • Deep-submergence vehicle

    • A deep-submergence vehicle (DSV) is a deep-diving manned submarine that is self-propelled. The term DSV is generally one used by the United States Navy, though several navies operate vehicles that can be accurately described as DSVs. DSVs are commonly divided into two types: research DSVs, which are used for exploratio ... Read »


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    • Defensively equipped merchant ship

    • Defensively equipped merchant ship (DEMS) was an Admiralty Trade Division program established in June 1939, to arm 5,500 British merchant ships with an adequate defence against enemy submarines and aircraft. The acronym DEMS was used to describe the ships carrying the guns, the guns aboard the ships, the military perso ... Read »


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    • Depot ship

    • A depot ship is an auxiliary ship used as a mobile or fixed base for submarines, destroyers, minesweepers, fast attack craft, landing craft, or other small ships with similarly limited space for maintenance equipment and crew dining, berthing and relaxation. Depot ships may be identified as tenders in American English. ... Read »


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    • Design 414N tankers

    • Design 414N tankers

      414N Russian: 414Н is a river tank ship class, developed in Russia in 1962. The class 414 is one of the classes of the SPN ship project. These tankers have capacity of 600 tons and are used for oil transportation on the superficial rivers of Siberia (basically Lena River). This tanker belonged to the Kirenskaya ... Read »


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    • Design 1095 ship

    • Design 1095 ship

      The Design 1095 ship was an Emergency Fleet Corporation (EFC) design for a troop transport to be built at New York Shipbuilding Corporation and delivered to the United States Shipping Board (USSB) that, at the end of World War I hostilities, was modified to a combined passenger and cargo vessel. The contract was for th ... Read »


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    • Destroyer

    • In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers. They were originally developed in the late 19th century as a defence against torpedo boats, and by the tim ... Read »


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    • Destroyer escort

    • Destroyer escort

      Destroyer escort (DE) was the United States Navy mid-20th century classification for a 20-knot (23 mph) warship designed with endurance to escort mid-ocean convoys of merchant marine ships.Kaibōkan were designed for a similar role in the Imperial Japanese Navy. The Royal Navy and Commonwealth forces identified su ... Read »


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    • Destroyer leader

    • Destroyer leader (DL) was the United States Navy designation for large destroyers from 9 February 1951 through the early years of the Cold War. United States ships with hull classification symbol DL were officially frigates from 1 January 1955 until 1975. The smaller destroyer leaders were reclassified as destroyers an ... Read »


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    • Destroyer minesweeper

    • Destroyer minesweeper was a designation given by the United States Navy to a series of destroyers that were converted into high-speed ocean-going minesweepers for service during World War II. The hull classification symbol for this type of ship was "DMS". Forty-two ships were so converted, beginning with the USS Dor ... Read »


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    • Destroyer tender

    • A destroyer tender, or destroyer depot ship in British English, is an auxiliary ship designed to provide maintenance support to a flotilla of destroyers or other small warships. The use of this class has faded from its peak in the first half of the 20th century as the roles of small combatants have evolved (in conjunct ... Read »


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    • Dispatch boat

    • Dispatch boats were small boats, and sometimes large ships, tasked to carry military dispatches from ship to ship or from ship to shore or, in some cases from shore to shore. Dispatch boats were employed when other means of transmitting a message was not possible or safe or as quick. Dispatch boats, which performed th ... Read »


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    • Disposable ship

    • A disposable ship, also called raft ship, timber ship, or timber drogher was a barely seaworthy vessel assembled from large timbers lashed or pegged together for the purpose of making just a single voyage from North America to England, where the vessel was subsequently dismantled and its timbers sold piecemeal to Briti ... Read »


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    • Diving support vessel

    • A diving support vessel is a ship that is used as a floating base for professional diving projects. Commercial Diving Support Vessels emerged during the 1960s and 1970s, when the need arose for diving operations to be performed below and around oil production platforms and associated installations in open water in ... Read »


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    • Dock landing ship

    • A dock landing ship (also called landing ship, dock or LSD) is an amphibious warfare ship with a well dock to transport and launch landing craft and amphibious vehicles. Some ships with well decks, such as the Soviet Ivan Rogov class, also have bow doors to enable them to deliver vehicles directly onto a beach (like a ... Read »


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    • Double acting ship

    • Double acting ship is a type of icebreaking ship designed to run ahead in open water and thin ice, but turn around and proceed astern (backwards) in heavy ice conditions. In this way, the ship can operate independently in severe ice conditions without icebreaker assistance but retain better open water performance than ... Read »


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    • Double-hulled tanker

    • A double-hulled tanker refers to an oil tanker which has a double hull. They reduce the likelihood of leaks occurring than in single-hulled tankers, and their ability to prevent or reduce oil spills led to double hulls being standardized for oil tankers and other types of ships including by the International Convention ... Read »


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    • Down Easter (ship)

    • The Down Easter or Downeaster was a type of 19th-century sailing ship built in Maine, and used largely in the California grain trade. It was a modification of the clipper ship using a similar bow but with better cargo handling. It achieved a balance between speed and tonnage such that it made the wheat trade between Ca ... Read »


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    • Dracone Barge

    • A Dracone Barge is a large flexible watertight tube intended to carry a liquid cargo while towed mostly-submerged behind a ship. One large current example of the type has a capacity of 935 cubic metres (4.23m diameter, 91m long) while weighing only 6.5 tonnes empty. The Dracone Barge was invented in 1956 by Professor ... Read »


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    • Dreadnought

    • The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century. The first of its kind, the Royal Navy's Dreadnought, made such a strong impression on people's minds when launched in 1906 that similar battleships built subsequently were referred to generically as "dreadnoughts", and earlier battleships ... Read »


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    • Drifter (fishing boat)

    • A drifter is a type of fishing boat. They were designed to catch herring in a long drift net. Herring fishing using drifters has a long history in the Netherlands and in many British fishing ports, particularly in East Scottish ports. Until the mid-1960s fishing fleets in the North Sea comprised drifters and trawlers, ... Read »


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    • Durham boat

    • The Durham boat was a large wooden, flat-bottomed, double-ended freight boat which was in use on many of the interior waterways of North America beginning in the middle of the eighteenth century. They were displaced by larger, more efficient canal boats during the canal era beginning with the opening of the Erie Canal ... Read »


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    • E-boat

    • E-boat

      E-boat was the Western Allies' designation for the fast attack craft (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") of the Kriegsmarine during World War II. The most popular, the S-100 class, were very seaworthy, heavily armed, and fast – capable of sustaining 43.5 knots (80.6 km/h; 50.1 mph) and brie ... Read »


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    • East Indiaman

    • East Indiaman was a general name for any sailing ship operating under charter or licence to any of the of the major European trading powers of the 17th through the 19th centuries. The term is therefore used to refer to vessels belonging to the Danish, Dutch (Oostindiëvaarder), English, French, Portuguese, or Swedis ... Read »


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    • Elektroboot

    • An elektroboot ("electric boat" in German) was a submarine designed to operate entirely submerged, rather than as submersibles that could submerge as a temporary means to escape detection or launch an attack. Even before the second world war the rocket designer Hellmuth Walter had been advocating the use of hydrogen p ... Read »


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    • Emergency tow vessel

    • An emergency tow vessel, also called emergency towing vessel, (ETV) is a multi purpose boat used by state authorities to tow disabled vessels on high seas in order to prevent dangers to man and environment. The disabled vessel is either towed to a safe haven or kept in place against wind and current until commercial as ... Read »


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    • Empire ship

    • An Empire ship was one a group of merchant ships prefixed with the name "Empire" in the service of the British Government during and after the Second World War. Most were used by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT), which owned them, and contract operated by various shipping lines of the U.K. Merchant Navy. The ships ... Read »


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    • Escort carrier

    • The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese ... Read »


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    • Evacuation transport

    • An Evacuation Transport is a vessel type employed by the U.S. Navy. Its designation is APH, and the vessel is used to evacuate personnel, principally the wounded. Evacuations depend on mobility. People with physical, sensory, chronic, behavioral, or cognitive disabilities may not be mobile enough for evacuations. Plan ... Read »


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    • Examination vessel

    • An examination vessel is a vessel used to inspect ships and boats entering a port during wartime. An examination vessel would typically be responsible for examining and verifying all merchant ships and small craft entering or departing a port. They would normally be equipped with one or more machine guns and in additi ... Read »


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    • Experiment (horse-powered boat)

    • Experiment (horse-powered boat)

      Experiment was an early nineteenth-century boat powered by horses and incorporating the then novel idea of a screw propeller. Experiment was a horse-powered ferry boat. It was a twelve-ton three-mast boat drawing a few feet of water, about 100 feet (30 m) long by 20 feet (6.1 m) beam. Its driving mechanism, ... Read »


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    • Factory ship

    • External image

      A factory ship, also known as a fish processing vessel, is a large ocean-going vessel with extensive on-board facilities for processing and freezing caught fish or whales. Modern factory ships are automated and enlarged versions of the earlier whalers and their use for fishing has grown dramatically. Some factory ships ... Read »


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    • Fast attack craft

    • A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile and offensive warship armed with anti-ship missiles, gun or torpedoes. FACs are usually operated in close proximity to land as they lack both the seakeeping and all-round defensive capabilities to survive in blue water. The size of the vessel also limits the fuel, store ... Read »


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    • Fast battleship

    • A fast battleship was a battleship which emphasised speed without – in concept – undue compromise of either armor or armament. Most of the early World War I-era dreadnought battleships were typically built with low design speeds, so the term "fast battleship" is applied to a design which is considerably ... Read »


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    • Fast combat support ship

    • The fast combat support ship (US Navy hull classification symbol: AOE) is the United States Navy's largest combat logistics ship, designed as an oiler, ammunition and supply ship. All fast combat support ships currently in service are operated by Military Sealift Command. The AOE has the speed to keep up with carrier b ... Read »


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    • Feeder ship

    • Feeder vessels or feeder ships are ships of various sizes, but mostly understood to be seagoing vessels with an average capacity of carrying 300 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) to 1000 TEU. Feeders collect shipping containers from different ports and transport them to central container terminals where they ... Read »


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    • Ferry

    • A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate regular return services. A passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, Italy, is sometimes called a water bus or water taxi. Ferries form a part of the public transport ... Read »


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    • Fighter catapult ship

    • Fighter catapult ships also known as Catapult Armed Ships were an attempt by the Royal Navy to provide air cover at sea. Five ships were acquired and commissioned as Naval vessels early in the Second World War and these were used to accompany convoys. The concept was extended to merchant ships which were also equipped ... Read »


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    • Fire ship

    • A fire ship or fireship, used in the days of wooden rowed or sailing ships, was a ship filled with combustibles, deliberately set on fire and steered (or, where possible, allowed to drift) into an enemy fleet, in order to destroy ships, or to create panic and make the enemy break formation. Ships used as fire ships wer ... Read »


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    • Fireboat

    • A fireboat is a specialized watercraft with pumps and nozzles designed for fighting shoreline and shipboard fires. The first fireboats, dating to the late 18th century, were tugboats, retrofitted with firefighting equipment. Older designs derived from tugboats and modern fireboats more closely resembling seafaring ship ... Read »


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    • Flagship

    • A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag. Used more loosely, it is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels, typically the first, largest, fastest, most heavily armed, or best known. Over the years, the ... Read »


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    • Flat-iron gunboat

    • Flat-iron gunboats (more formally known as Rendel gunboats) were a number of classes of coastal gunboats generally characterised by small size, low freeboard, the absence of masts, and the mounting of a single non-traversing large gun, aimed by pointing the vessel. They acquired their nickname from the physical similar ... Read »


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    • Flatiron (ship)

    • A flatiron is a type of coastal trading vessel designed to pass under bridges that have limited clearance. Her mast(s) are hinged or telescopic, her funnel may be hinged, and her wheelhouse may also fold flat. Flatirons were developed in the UK in the latter part of the 19th century. Most were colliers built to bring ... Read »


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    • Fleet tender

    • Fleet tenders were British merchant ships that were fitted with a wooden superstructure to resemble battleships or aircraft carriers during the Second World War. They were built to fool German reconnaissance planes, and known as fleet tenders to conceal their purpose. Three ships were converted in 1939 and another, HM ... Read »


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    • Flight deck cruiser

    • The flight-deck cruiser was a proposed type of aircraft cruiser, warships combining features of aircraft carriers and light cruisers designed by the United States Navy during the period between World War I and World War II. Several designs were proposed for the type, but none were approved for construction. The final d ... Read »


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    • Floating airport

    • A floating airport is an airport built and situated on a very large floating structure (VLFS) located many miles out at sea utilizing a flotation type of device or devices such as Pneumatic Stabilized Platform (PSP) technology. As the population increases and land becomes more expensive and scarce, very large floating ... Read »


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    • Floating battery

    • A floating battery is a kind of armed watercraft, often improvised or experimental, which carries a heavy armament but has few other qualities as a warship. An early appearance was in 1782 at the Great Siege of Gibraltar, and its invention and usage is attributed to Spanish lieutenant general Antonio Barceló. A pu ... Read »


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    • Floating fuel station

    • Floating fuel station is a vessel, built under recognized Classification Society. The floating fuel station renders refueling services for yachts, boats, vessels, planes, cars, trucks and other vehicles. The station must have all the vessel Classification documents issued by the Classification Society. There are the st ... Read »


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    • Floating production storage and offloading

    • A Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FPSO) unit is a floating vessel used by the offshore oil and gas industry for the production and processing of hydrocarbons, and for the storage of oil. A FPSO vessel is designed to receive hydrocarbons produced by itself or from nearby platforms or subsea template, proces ... Read »


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    • Flotel

    • Flotel, a portmanteau of the terms floating hotel, refers to the installation of living quarters on top of rafts or semi-submersible platforms. Flotels are used as hotels on rivers or in harbour areas, or as accommodation of working people, especially in the offshore oil industry. Flotels were extensively used to hous ... Read »


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    • Flotilla leader

    • A flotilla leader was a warship suitable for commanding a flotilla of destroyers or other small warships, typically a small cruiser or a large destroyer (known as a destroyer leader). The flotilla leader provided space, equipment and staff for the flotilla commodore (who typically held the rank of captain), including a ... Read »


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    • Flush deck

    • Flush deck is a term in naval architecture. It can refer to any deck of a ship which is continuous from stem to stern. It has two specific common referents: "Flush deck" with "flush" in its generic meaning of "even or level; forming an unbroken plane", is sometimes applied to vessels, as in describing yachts lacking a ... Read »


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    • Fluyt

    • A fluyt (archaic Dutch: fluijt "flute"; Dutch pronunciation: [flœy̯t]) is a Dutch type of sailing vessel originally designed as a dedicated cargo vessel. Originating in the Dutch Republic in the 16th century, the vessel was designed to facilitate transoceanic delivery with the maximum of space and crew efficiency ... Read »


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    • Flyboat

    • The flyboat (also spelled fly-boat or fly boat) was a European light vessel (developed primarily as a mercantile cargo carrier, although many served as warships in an auxiliary role) of between 70 and 200 tons, used in the late 16th and early 17th century; the name was subsequently applied to a number of disparate vess ... Read »


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    • Four piper

    • The term four piper is United States Navy terminology for classes of destroyers with four funnels. These include the classes listed below: These classes were built for use by the United States Navy during World War I and subsequently "moth-balled". Fifty were loaned, under Lend-Lease to the United Kingdom when convoy ... Read »


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    • Frigate

    • A frigate /ˈfrɪɡᵻt/ is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries. In the 17th century, this term was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being "frigate-built". These could be ... Read »


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    • Full-rigged pinnace

    • The full-rigged pinnace was the larger of two types of vessel called a pinnace in use from the sixteenth century. The word pinnace, and similar words in many languages (as far afield as Indonesia, where the boat "pinisi" took its name from the Dutch pinas), came ultimately from the Spanish pinaza c1240, from pino ... Read »


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    • Fusta

    • The fusta or fuste (also called foist or galliot) was a narrow, light and fast ship with shallow draft, powered by both oars and sail—in essence a small galley. It typically had 12 to 18 two-man rowing benches on each side, a single mast with a lateen (triangular) sail, and usually carried two or three guns. The s ... Read »


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    • Gabbart

    • A Gabbart is a type of lighter or barge, used in the 17th through 19th century. They are small one-masted sailing or coasting vessel. Used mostly for inland navigation, especially on the River Clyde in Scotland. Transported mainly coal and fish (mainly herring). Comment from 1877: Gabbarts: Boats of from 30 to 40 ton ... Read »


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    • Galeas

    • A galeas is a type of small trade vessel that was common in the Baltic Sea and North Sea from the 17th to the early 20th centuries. The characteristics of the ships depend somewhat from where the ship originated. Swedish variants had two masts and were rigged as ketches or sometimes as schooners. The galeas was develop ... Read »


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    • Galiot

    • A galiot, galliot or galiote, is a term for three different types of historical naval vessels that sailed on different seas, and for a type of French flat-bottom river boat or barge. ... Read »


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    • Galleass

    • The galleass were ships developed from large merchant galleys. Converted for military use they were higher, larger and slower than regular ("light") galleys. They had up to 32 oars, each worked by up to 5 men. They usually had three masts and a forecastle and aftcastle. Much effort was made in Venice to make these gall ... Read »


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    • Galleon

    • A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used as an armed cargo carrier primarily by European states during the age of sail from the 16th to 18th centuries and were the principal fleet units drafted for use as warships until the Anglo-Dutch wars of the mid-1600s. Galleons generally carried three or more masts w ... Read »


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    • Galley

    • . A galley is a type of ship that is propelled mainly by rowing. The galley is characterized by its long, slender hull, shallow draft and low freeboard (clearance between sea and railing). Virtually all types of galleys had sails that could be used in favorable winds, but human strength was always the primary method of ... Read »


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    • Gallivat (boat)

    • The gallivat (or galivat, or gallevat, or gallowet, or gallouet) was a small, armed boat, with sails and oars, used on the Malabar Coast in the 18th and 19th Centuries. The word may derive from Portuguese "galeota"; alternatively, it may derive from Mahratta "gal hat" - ship. Hobson-Jobson has an extensive discussion o ... Read »


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    • Gas carrier

    • A gas carrier (or gas tanker) is a ship designed to transport LPG, LNG or liquefied chemical gases in bulk. The seaborne transport of liquefied gases began in 1934 when a major international company put two combined oil/LPG tankers into operation. The ships, basically oil tankers, had been converted by fitting sma ... Read »


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    • LPG carrier

    • An LPG carrier or LPG tanker is a gas carrier/gas tanker ship designed for transporting liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in bulk. List of LPG carrier builders: ... Read »


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    • General stores issue ship

    • General stores issue ship is a type of ship used by the United States Navy during World War II and for some time afterwards. The task of the general stores issue ship was to sail into non-combat, or rear, areas and disburse general stores, such as canned goods, toilet paper, office supplies, etc., to ships and station ... Read »


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    • Gowind-class corvette

    • Gowind-class corvette

      The Gowind design is a family of steel monohull corvettes developed since 2006 by DCNS to conduct missions in littoral zone such as anti-submarine warfare (ASW). The Gowind family includes vessels with lengths from 85 m to 102 m and displacement from 1,000 t to 2,500 t. The Gowind design can deploy Unmanned Aerial Veh ... Read »


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    • Grab (ship)

    • A grab was a type of ship common on the Malabar Coast in the 18th and 19th Centuries. The name comes from "ghurāb" or "ghorāb", Arabic for raven, which word came into Marathi and Konkani as "gurab". The ghurāb was originally a galley, but the type evolved. The grab combined an indigenous hull form with a poin ... Read »


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    • Guard ship

    • A guard ship is a warship assigned as a stationary guard in a port or harbour, as opposed to a coastal patrol boat which serves its protective role at sea. In the Royal Navy of the eighteenth century, peacetime guard ships were usually third-rate or fourth-rate ships of the line. The larger ships in the fleet woul ... Read »


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    • Gunboat

    • A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies. In the age of sail, a gunboat was usually a small undecked vessel carrying a single smoothbore ... Read »


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    • Gundalow

    • A gundalow is a type of flat-bottom cargo vessel once common in Maine and New Hampshire rivers. Up to 70 feet (21.34 m) long, they characteristically employed tidal currents for propulsion, with a single lateen sail to harness favorable winds. Cannon-sporting gunboat style gundalows were built and deployed on Lake ... Read »


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    • Handymax

    • Handymax and Supramax are naval architecture terms for the larger bulk carriers in the Handysize class. Handysize class consists of Supramax (50,000 to 60,000 DWT), Handymax (40,000 to 50,000 DWT), and Handy (<40,000 DWT). The ships are used for less voluminous cargos, even allowing for combining different cargos in di ... Read »


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    • Handysize

    • Handysize is a naval architecture term for smaller bulk carriers or oil tanker with deadweight of up to 50,000 tonnes, although there is no official definition in terms of exact tonnages. Handysize is also sometimes used to refer to the span of up to 60,000 tons, with the vessels above 35,000 tonnes referred to as Hand ... Read »


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    • Headquarters ship

    • During the Second World War, a headquarters ship (sometimes referred to as Landing Ship Headquarters) was responsible for communication between aircraft, ships and shore during amphibious operations. The first such recognised ship was HMS Bulolo. During the Second World War, four Landing Ships Headquarters (Large) ... Read »


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    • Heavy cruiser

    • The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203mm calibre (8 inches in caliber) and displacing approximately 10,000 tons. While the general mission of the heavy cruiser, to act as a fast scout for a battle fleet and prote ... Read »


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    • Heavy-lift ship

    • A heavy-lift ship is a vessel designed to move very large loads that cannot be handled by normal ships. They are of two types: In the 1920s, the Bremen-based shipping company DDG Hansa saw a growing demand of shipments for assembled locomotives to British India. That led to the construction of the world's first he ... Read »


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    • Helicopter cruiser

    • The aircraft cruiser (also known as aviation cruiser or cruiser-carrier) is a warship that combines the features of the aircraft carrier and a surface warship such as a cruiser or battleship. The first aircraft cruiser was originally a 1930s experimental concept of creating an all-around warship. The early aircraf ... Read »


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    • Hellburners

    • Hellburners (Dutch: hellebranders; brander is Dutch for "burner") were specialised fireships used in the Siege of Antwerp (1584-1585) during the Eighty Years' War between the Dutch rebels and the Habsburgs. They were floating bombs, also called "Antwerp Fire", and did immense damage to the Spanish besiegers. Hellburner ... Read »


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    • Hermaphrodite brig

    • Hermaphrodite brig

      The brigantine was a two-masted sailing vessel with a fully square rigged foremast and at least two sails on the main mast: a square topsail and a gaff sail mainsail (behind the mast). The main mast is the second and taller of the two masts. Modern American definitions include vessels without the square sails on the m ... Read »


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    • High-speed transport

    • High-speed transports were converted destroyers and destroyer escorts used in US Navy amphibious operations in World War II and afterward. They received the US Hull classification symbol APD; "AP" for transport and "D" for destroyer. APDs were intended to deliver small units such as Marine Raiders, Underwater Demoliti ... Read »


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    • History of research ships

    • The research ship had origins in the early voyages of exploration. By the time of James Cook's Endeavour, the essentials of what today we would call a research ship are clearly apparent. In 1766, the Royal Society hired Cook to travel to the Pacific Ocean to observe and record the transit of Venus across the Sun. The E ... Read »


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    • History of the aircraft carrier

    • Aircraft carriers are warships that evolved from balloon-carrying wooden vessels into nuclear-powered vessels carrying scores of fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft. Since their introduction they have allowed naval forces to project air power great distances without having to depend on local bases for staging aircraft oper ... Read »


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    • Hjortspring boat

    • The Hjortspring boat is a vessel designed as a large canoe, from the Scandinavian Pre-Roman Iron Age, that was excavated in 1921–1922 from the bog known as Hjortspring Mose on the island of Als in Sønderjylland, southern Denmark. The vessel was a clinker-built wooden boat of 18 m length (length overall), 13 m l ... Read »


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    • Hog Islander

    • Hog Islander

      Hog Islanders is the slang for ships built to Emergency Fleet Corporation designs number 1022 and 1024. These vessels were cargo and transport ships, respectively, built under government direction and subsidy to address a shortage of ships in the United States Merchant Marine during World War I. American International ... Read »


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    • Hopper barge

    • A hopper barge is a kind of non-mechanical ship or vessel that cannot move around by itself, unlike some other types of barges, that is designed to carry materials, like rocks, sand, soil and rubbish, for dumping into the ocean, a river or lake for land reclamation. Hopper barges are seen in two distinctive types; rak ... Read »


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    • Hospital ship

    • A hospital ship is a ship designated for primary function as a floating medical treatment facility or hospital. Most are operated by the military forces (mostly navies) of various countries, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones. Although attacking a hospital ship is a war crime, belligerent navies have ... Read »


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    • Hotelship

    • A hotelship is a passenger ship which is used for a short period as a hotel. At times when accommodation shortages can be predicted, for example during trade fairs or big events, hotelships can complement the already existing permanent hotels in a flexible fashion. In Germany, hotelships are evident during trade f ... Read »


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    • Hoy (boat)

    • A hoy was a small sloop-rigged coasting ship or a heavy barge used for freight, usually with a burthen of about 60 tons (bm). The word derives from the Middle Dutch hoey. In 1495, one of the Paston Letters included the phrase, An hoye of Dorderycht (a hoy of Dordrecht), in such a way as to indicate that such contact wa ... Read »


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    • Hulk (medieval ship type)

    • A hulk (or "holk") was a type of medieval sea craft, a technological predecessor of the carrack and caravel. The hulk appears to have remained a relatively minor type of ship apparently peculiar to the low countries of Europe where it was probably used primarily as a river or canal boat, with limited potential for coas ... Read »


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    • Hulk (ship type)

    • A hulk is a ship that is afloat, but incapable of going to sea. Although sometimes used to describe a ship that has been launched but not completed, the term most often refers to an old ship that has had its rigging or internal equipment removed, retaining only its flotational qualities. The word "hulk" is also used as ... Read »


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    • Hydrogen tanker

    • A hydrogen tanker is a tank ship designed for transporting liquefied hydrogen. The World Energy Network research program of the Japanese New Sunshine Project was divided into 3 phases during the period 1993 to 2002, its goal was to study the distribution of liquid hydrogen with hydrogen tankers based on the LNG ca ... Read »


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    • Icebreaker

    • An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to move and navigate through ice-covered waters, and provide safe waterways for other boats and ships. Although the term usually refers to ice-breaking ships, it may also refer to smaller vessels, such as the icebreaking boats that were once used on the canals of ... Read »


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    • Ironclad warship

    • An ironclad is a steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates used in the early part of the second half of the 19th century. The ironclad was developed as a result of the vulnerability of wooden warships to explosive or incendiary shells. The first ironclad battleship, Gloire, was launched by the Fre ... Read »


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    • Jackass-barque

    • A jackass-barque, sometimes spelled jackass bark, is a sailing ship with three (or more) masts, of which the foremast is square-rigged and the main is partially square-rigged (topsail, topgallant, etc.) and partially fore-and-aft rigged (course). The mizzen mast is fore-and-aft rigged. A four-masted jackass barque is ... Read »


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    • Jackup rig

    • A jackup rig or a self-elevating unit is a type of mobile platform that consists of a buoyant hull fitted with a number of movable legs, capable of raising its hull over the surface of the sea. The buoyant hull enables transportation of the unit and all attached machinery to a desired location. Once on location the hul ... Read »


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    • Joint Support Ship

    • A joint support ship (JSS) is a multi-role naval ship capable of launching and supporting "Joint" amphibious operations. Providing sea-lift, underway support and sea-basing/logistics capability for combined army and naval missions. Furthermore to fulfill the multi-role part a flexible modular design allows for configu ... Read »


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    • Jollyboat (dinghy)

    • Traditionally the term jolly boat refers to a boat carried by a ship, powered by 4 or six oars and occasionally yawl rigged sails. The term might also refer to ... Read »


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    • Juliet Marine Systems Ghost

    • GHOST is an advanced super-cavitating stealth ship that can reduce hull friction to 1/900th that of conventional watercraft. It was developed to provide superior protection and capabilities for United States military personnel. It was designed, developed and built by private American company Juliet Marine Systems. ... Read »


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    • Junk (ship)

    • A junk is an ancient Chinese sailing ship design that is still in use today. Junks were used as seagoing vessels as early as the 2nd century AD and developed rapidly during the Song Dynasty (960–1279). They evolved in the later dynasties, and were used throughout Asia for extensive ocean voyages. They were found, ... Read »


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    • Kaibōkan


    • Karve (ship)

    • Karves (or Karvi) were a small type of longship with broad hull, somewhat similar to the ocean-going knarr cargo ships. Karves were used for both war and ordinary transport, carrying people, goods or livestock. Because they were able to navigate in very shallow water, they were also used for . Karves had broad beams of ... Read »


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    • Ketch

    • A ketch is a sailing craft with two masts. The distinguishing characteristic of a ketch (ketamina) is that the forward of the two masts (the "mainmast") is larger than the after mast (the "mizzen"). Historically the ketch was a square-rigged vessel, most commonly used as a freighter or fishing boat in northern Europe, ... Read »


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    • Knarr

    • A knarr /nɔːr/ is a type of Norse merchant ship used by the Vikings. The knarr (Old Norse: knÇ«rr, plural knerrir) was constructed using the same clinker-built method as longships, karves, and faerings. Knarr is the Old Norse term for a type of ship built for long sea voyages and used during the Viking exp ... Read »


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    • Knarr (keelboat)

    • Knarr

      The Knarr (plural Knarrer) is a Bermuda rigged, long keeled, sailing yacht designed in 1943 by Norwegian Erling L. Kristofersen. Knarrer were traditionally built in wood, with the hull upside down on a fixed frame, then attaching the iron keel after the hull was completed. The hull planks were manufactured with convex ... Read »


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    • Koch (boat)

    • The Koch (Russian: коч; IPA: [ˈkotɕ]) was a special type of small one or two mast wooden sailing ships designed and used in Russia for transpolar voyages in ice conditions of the Arctic seas, popular among the Pomors. Because of its additional skin-planking (called kotsa) and Arctic design of the bod ... Read »


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    • Koff (ship type)

    • A koff is a historical type of sailing vessel that was used for coastal shipping off Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany in the 18th and 19th centuries. A typical koff had one and a half masts with a gaff rigged main sail and spanker and one or two square sails in the main top. The hull was plump with a flat bottom a ... Read »


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    • Kondura (ship)

    • Kondura or Condura (Greek; Condoira) was a type of ship used on the eastern shores of the Adriatic. It is first mentioned and described in the 10th century as part of the medieval Croatian navy. It is also mentioned in the 14th century as a type of ship used by the Republic of Ragusa. The condura was 7 to 8 metres (23 ... Read »


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    • L boat

    • The L Boat is a type of sail sloop racing boat designed by the Luedtke Brothers in Toledo, Ohio in May, 1931. The boats were of wood construction with low freeboard. Most of the hulls were mahogany, but a few were redwood and cedar. They were 28 feet (8.5 m) long, 71/2 foot beam, and 31/2 foot draft. They also ... Read »


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    • Lake freighter

    • Lake freighters, or lakers, are bulk carrier vessels that ply the Great Lakes of North America. These vessels are traditionally called boats, although classified as ships. Lakers carry bulk cargoes of materials such as limestone, iron ore, grain, coal or salt from the mines and fields to the populous industrial areas ... Read »


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    • Landing Craft Mechanized

    • The landing craft mechanized (LCM) also landing craft mechanical is a landing craft designed for carrying vehicles. They came to prominence during the Second World War when they were used to land troops or tanks during Allied amphibious assaults. There was no single design of LCM used, unlike the landing craft, ve ... Read »


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    • Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel

    • A Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel or Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel (LCVP) is any of a variety of amphibious landing craft designed to transport troops or armoured vehicles from ship to shore during amphibious landings. The designation was first used in British service for the LCVP Mk2s introduced with the two ... Read »


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    • Landing Ship Logistics

    • Landing Ship Logistics (LSL) is a term used by the United Kingdom armed forces to describe the Round Table class of landing ship used in the support of amphibious warfare missions. These ships were operated by the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. The last ship in service sailed home for the last time in 2008 and the class has be ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Ship types

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