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    Rugs and carpets

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    • Specific rugs and carpets

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    • Afghan rugs and carpets

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    • Azerbaijani rugs and carpets

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    • British rugs and carpets

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    • Carpet manufacturing companies

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    • Indian rugs and carpets

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    • Knots used in carpet weaving

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    • Kurdish rugs and carpets

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    • Oriental rugs and carpets

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    • Pakistani rugs and carpets

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    • Persian rugs and carpets

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Persian rugs and carpets


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    • Turkic rugs and carpets

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    • Carpet

    • A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile was traditionally made from wool, but, since the 20th century, synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester are often used, as these fibers are less expensive than wool. The pile usually con ... Read »


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    • Alcaraz rug

    • After 1500, and following the expulsion of the Moors by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Spanish carpet design began to prefer classically inspired European Renaissance styles to the middle eastern designs they had known.1Although the exact region to begin to produce the new style is not yet known, historians have at ... Read »


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    • American carpets and rugs

    • The American rug industry began in the second half of the 19th century. Although Americans had been importing European rugs via England since the colonists landed in Massachusetts, tariffs after the Revolutionary War diminished the importation business. Replacing English importations were American manufactories establi ... Read »


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    • Arabian carpet

    • An Arabian carpet (Arabic:سجاد, Sijjad) is an oriental carpet made in the Arab world using traditional Arab carpet-making techniques. Arabian carpets dating back to the 7th century BCE have been excavated in Ma'rib. 'Rihal' is a type of pre-Islamic carpet that was made in al-Hirah, an ancient city that ... Read »


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    • Armenian carpet

    • The term Armenian carpet designates, but is not limited to, tufted rugs or knotted carpets woven in Armenia or by Armenians from pre-Christian times to the present. It also includes a number of flat woven textiles. The term covers a large variety of types and sub-varieties. Due to their intrinsic fragility, almost noth ... Read »


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    • Arraiolos rug

    • An Arraiolos rug, Arraiolos tapestry, Arraiolos carpet or Portuguese needlework rug (in Portuguese, Tapete de Arraiolos) is an embroidered wool rug made traditionally in the small town of Arraiolos, Portugal, since the Middle Ages. It is inspired by Oriental style Persian carpets. ... Read »


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    • Azerbaijan Carpet Museum

    • Coordinates: 40°21′35″N 49°50′07″E / 40.35972°N 49.83528°E / 40.35972; 49.83528 Azerbaijan Carpet Museum (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Xalçası Muzeyi) (formerly called the State Museum of Azerbaijan Carpet and Applied Art (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Xalçası v ... Read »


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    • Berber carpet

    • Berber carpets are carpets hand-woven by the Berber autochthones in North Africa and the Sahara. The carpets come in traditional and modern designs, which are distinguished by different knotting patterns, dyes and fabric textures. The origin carpet weaving by the Berber populations dates back several millennia. Th ... Read »


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    • Bessarabian rugs and carpets

    • Bessarabian rugs and carpets are the commonly given name for rugs in pile and tapestry technique originating in Russian provinces as well as Ukraine and Moldova during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.1 Some scholars will classify flat-woven carpets as Bessarabian, while referring to knotted-pile carpets as Ukrai ... Read »


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    • Borujerd rug

    • Borujerd rugs (Persian: قالی بروجرد qaliye borujerd) is a type of Persian rug woven in Borujerd, Western Iran. Borujerd rugs are different from Luri rugs as well as rugs of Arak and Central Iran. However, they have more features similar with rugs of Hamadan province. Borujerd rugs are oft ... Read »


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    • Braided rug

    • The braided rug was a staple in early, Colonial American culture. Settlers used scraps of clothing and other excess materials to make a floor covering that would provide warmth and protection for a home's residents and guests. Braided area rugs can be constructed in a variety of different ways including a banded braid ... Read »


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    • Carpet cleaning

    • Carpet cleaning, for appearance, and the removal of stains, dirt, and allergens is done through several methods. Clean carpets are recognized by manufacturers as being more visually pleasing, potentially longer-lasting, and probably healthier than poorly maintained carpets. Although there is an actual steam cleani ... Read »


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    • Caucasian carpets and rugs

    • Caucasian rugs are primarily produced as village productions rather than city pieces. Made from materials particular to individual tribal provinces, the rugs of the Caucasus normally display bold geometric designs in primary colours. Styles typical to the Caucasus region are Daghestan, Shirvan, Gendje rugs, Kazakh and ... Read »


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    • Chiprovtsi kilim

    • Chiprovtsi kilims (Чипровски килим, Chiprovtsi Kilim) are handmade flatwoven kilim rugs with two identical sides, part of Bulgarian national heritage, traditions, arts and crafts. Their name is derived from the town of Chiprovtsi where their production started in the 17th centu ... Read »


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    • Roger De Clerck

    • Roger De Clerck (July 27, 1924 – October 23, 2015) was a Belgian entrepreneur and CEO of the Beaulieu textile group. An international business man, his family was ranked 15th place in a list of "richest Belgians". During his lifetime he was controversial due to a series of scandals where he and his company were ac ... Read »


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    • Dorothy Rogers

    • Dorothy Rogers (1882–1952) was a famed creator of miniature needlework carpets exhibited during her lifetime and avidly collected after her death. Rogers began her lifetime obsession in her twenties while building a dollhouse for her young daughter. Her husband, an English army Colonel stationed in India, soon joi ... Read »


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    • Dry carpet cleaning

    • Dry carpet cleaning involves the use of specialized machines to clean carpets with recently developed chemical technologies that permit no-moisture or "very low moisture" (VLM) cleaning, resulting in carpet beautification, and removal of stains, dirt, grit, sand, and allergens. Clean carpets are recognized by manufactu ... Read »


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    • Eagle rug

    • An Eagle rug, (Greek αετός, aëtos; Church-Slavonic орлецъ, orlets) is a small rug, usually round, upon which Eastern Orthodoxbishops stand during divine liturgy and other services. The Orlets ("Eaglet") is a small round or oval rug, whereon is represented an eagle, with a glory arou ... Read »


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    • Early Anatolian Animal carpets

    • Anatolian animal carpets represent a special type of pile-woven carpet, woven in the geographical region of Anatolia during the Seljuq and early Ottoman period, corresponding to the 14th–16th century. Very few animal-style carpets still exist today, and most of them are in a fragmentary state. Animal carpets were ... Read »


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    • Ersari carpet

    • The Ersari carpet is a type of carpet handmade by the Ersari Turkmen of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. ... Read »


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    • Fitted carpet

    • Fitted carpet, also wall-to-wall carpet or carpeting, is a carpet intended to cover a floor entirely. Carpet over 4 meters in length is usually installed with the use of a power-stretcher (tubed or tubeless). Fitted carpets were originally woven to the dimensions of the specific area they were covering. They were late ... Read »


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    • Flokati rug

    • A flokati rug is a handmade shag wool rug. Making flokatis is a long-time tradition of the Vlachs in the Pindus mountains. The natural color of a flokati rug is off-white, but they may be dyed different colors. The entire rug is wool, including the backing from which the tapered shag emerges. After the rug is woven, it ... Read »


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    • Floorcloth

    • A floorcloth, or floor-cloth, is a cloth, normally of flannel, used for cleaning floors. The term was previously used also for materials used in place of carpeting or to protect expensive carpets, such as oilcloth, Kamptulicon, linoleum or other materials. This use is considered somewhat antiquated today, though do-it- ... Read »


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    • Frieze (textile)

    • In the history of textiles, frieze (French: frisé) is a Middle English term for a coarse woollen, plain weave cloth with a nap on one side. The nap was raised by scrubbing it to raise curls of fibre, and was not shorn after being raised, leaving an uneven surface. Panni frisi, "Frisian cloths", appear in medieval in ... Read »


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    • Eugene Higgins

    • Eugene Higgins was the rich heir to a carpet-making business who was a bon viveur, sportsman and philanthropist. He was a bachelor and when he died in 1948, his estate went to establish the Higgins Trust which was, at that time, the eleventh largest of its kind in the USA. The funds from this trust endowed chairs at Co ... Read »


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    • Jaipur Rugs

    • Jaipur Rugs Company Pvt. Ltd.

      Jaipur Rugs is one of India's largest manufacturers of hand knotted rugs. Headquartered in Jaipur, India, the company’s operations span across 20+ branches, 6 states and 600 villages in India with distribution to over 40 countries with its independent base of over 40,000 artisans. The company also has a large dist ... Read »


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    • Latif Karimov

    • Latif Huseyn oglu Karimov (Azerbaijani: Lətif Kərimov) (17 November 1906, Shusha – 1991, Baku) was an Azerbaijani carpet designer known for his contributions to a variety of artistic fields, as well as for a number of books classifying and describing various designs of Azerbaijani rugs. Latif Karimov wa ... Read »


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    • Kashmir rug

    • A Kashmir rug is a hand-knotted oriental rug from Kashmir. Kashmir rugs or carpets have intricate designs that are primarily oriental, floral style in a range of colors, sizes and quality. . Kashmir carpets are handmade, hand-knotted, and are primarily made in pure wool, pure silk and occasionally wool and silk blends ... Read »


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    • Ali Khodadadi

    • Ali Khodadadi (July 13, 1946 – June 9, 2011) was a carpet weaver and manufacturer from Iran, who was known for his work Boostan. Khodadadi was born in Shahreza, Iran in 1946. His father was a carpet manufacturer and tradesman, and his mother assisted her husband with his work. Khodadadi was very fond of painting ... Read »


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    • Knot density

    • Knot density is a traditional measure for quality of handmade or knotted pile carpets. It refers to the number of knots, or knot count, per unit of surface area - typically either per square inch (kpsi) or per square centimeter (kpsc), but also per decimeter or meter (kpsd or kpsm). Number of knots per unit area is dir ... Read »


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    • Knotted-pile carpet

    • A knotted-pile carpet is a carpet containing raised surfaces, or piles, from the cut off ends of knots woven between the warp and woof. The Ghiordes/Turkish knot and the Senneh/Persian knot, typical of Turkish carpets and Persian carpets, are the two primary knots. A flat or tapestry woven carpet, without pile, is a ki ... Read »


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    • Konya carpets

    • In 1292, Marco Polo was the first to make mention of the Konya carpets in writing when he called them the most beautiful in the world. Konya carpets are named for the region in which they were made. Renamed from the Greek “Iconium” when the Seljuk Sultans of Rum made it their capital, Konya is one of the larg ... Read »


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    • Kurdish rugs

    • Kurdish rugs (Kurdish: قالی کوردی‎) are rugs woven by the Kurdish people in the Middle East, predominantly the larger Kurdistan region including the Eastern part of Turkey near the Tauros Mountains, Iraq, southernmost Caucasus, Soviet Armenia and North-Western Iran. When referring to Kur ... Read »


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    • Lilihan carpets and rugs

    • Armenians wove Lilihans in Lilihan village in what used to be called Kamareh (now Khomeyn) district in Iran. 1 The term Lilihan is better known in the US, in Europe it is not as widely used.2 Although a wide range of carpet and mat sizes are produced, the most common sizes found are 4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet.3 The use ... Read »


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    • Magic carpet

    • Magic carpet

      A magic carpet, also called a flying carpet, is a legendary carpet that can be used to transport humans who are on it instantaneously or quickly to their destination. One of the stories in the One Thousand and One Nights relates how Prince Husain, the eldest son of Sultan of the Indies, travels to Bisnagar (Vijaya ... Read »


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    • Millefleur

    • Millefleur, millefleurs or mille-fleur (French mille-fleurs, literally "thousand flowers") refers to a background style of many different small flowers and plants, usually shown on a green ground, as though growing in grass. It is essentially restricted to European tapestry during the late Middle Ages and Early Renaiss ... Read »


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    • Moroccan rugs

    • Moroccan rugs are the weaves, carpets, and textiles that have been traditionally hand-woven in Morocco. Rugs have been woven by the indigenous people of Morocco since the Paleolithic Era. Traditionally, Moroccan rugs have been woven by tribal peoples for their utility rather than for decorative purposes. Twentieth-cent ... Read »


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    • Nazmiyal collection

    • Omri Schwartz(General Manager) The Nazmiyal Collection, based in New York City, is a company that buys and sells antique and decorative carpets and textiles, and also repairs and restores them. The Nazmiyal Collection was founded in 1980 by Jason Nazmiyal. The Collection features a 5,000 square feet (460 m2) gall ... Read »


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    • Oriental carpets in Renaissance painting

    • Carpets of Middle-Eastern origin, either from Anatolia, Persia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Levant, the Mamluk state of Egypt or Northern Africa, were used as decorative features in Western European paintings from the 14th century onwards. More depictions of Oriental carpets in Renaissance painting survive than actual car ... Read »


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    • Oriental rug

    • An oriental rug is a heavy textile, made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purpose, produced in “Oriental countries” for home use, local sale, and export. Oriental carpets can be pile woven or flat woven without pile, using various materials such as silk, wool, and cotton. Examples range in size ... Read »


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    • Oriental Rug Retailers of America

    • The Oriental Rug Retailers of America (ORRA) is a non-profit organization that was founded over 40 years ago to promote ethical practices in the Oriental rug business. The organization provides member and consumer education as well as specialized Oriental rug appraiser certifications. The goal of ORRA is to combat the ... Read »


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    • Oxi Fresh Carpet Cleaning

    • Oxi Fresh Carpet Cleaning

      Oxi Fresh Carpet Cleaning is a carpet, upholstery, and tile and grout cleaning company, ranked the 3rd Top New Franchise in 2011 by Entrepreneur Magazine. Oxi Fresh was started in 2006 in Lakewood, Colorado by Jonathan Barnett as a green carpet cleaning business that services both residential and commercial proper ... Read »


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    • Pakistani rug

    • A Pakistani rug (Pak Persian Rug or Pakistani carpet) is a type of handmade floor-covering textile traditionally made in Pakistan. The art of weaving developed in the region comprising Pakistan at a time when few other civilizations employed it. Excavations at Moenjodaro and Harappa - ancient cities of the Indus V ... Read »


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    • Pirot carpet

    • Pirot rug or Pirot kilim (Serbian: Пиротски ћилим, Pirotski ćilim) refers to a variety of flat tapestry-woven rugs traditionally produced in Pirot, a town in southeastern Serbia. Pirot kilims with some 122 ornaments and 96 different types have been protected by geographical ind ... Read »


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    • Prayer rug

    • A prayer rug or prayer mat (Arabic: سجادة‎‎ sajjāda pl. سجاجيد sajājÄ«d, or musallah; Turkish: seccade or namazlık; Persian: جانماز‎‎, Urdu: جانماز‎ jānamāz, Bengali: জায়নাম ... Read »


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    • Red carpet

    • A red carpet is traditionally used to mark the route taken by heads of state on ceremonial and formal occasions, and has in recent decades been extended to use by VIPs and celebrities at formal events. The earliest known reference to walking a red carpet in literature is in the play Agamemnon by Aeschylus, written ... Read »


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    • Rubia

    • Rubia

      Rubia is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It contains around 80 species of perennial scrambling or climbing herbs and subshrubs native to the Old World. The genus and its best-known species are commonly known as madder, e.g. Rubia tinctorum (common madder), Rubia peregrina (wild madder), and Rubia c ... Read »


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    • Rug hooking

    • Rug hooking is both an art and a craft where rugs are made by pulling loops of yarn or fabric through a stiff woven base such as burlap, linen, or rug warp. The loops are pulled through the backing material by using a crochet-type hook mounted in a handle (usually wood) for leverage. In contrast latch-hooking uses a hi ... Read »


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    • Rug making

    • Rug making is an ancient craft, and covers a variety of techniques. Braided rugs are made by using three or more strips of fabric, usually wool, folding the raw edges to the middle and braiding them together. For an oval rug the center braid should be one inch longer than the width-length in feet. example 2' x 4' ... Read »


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    • Rya (rug)

    • A rya is a traditional Scandinavian wool rug with a long pile of about 1 to 3 inches. They were made using a form of the Ghiordes knot to make the double-sided pile fabric. Though rya means "rug" in English, the original meaning in Sweden of rya was a bed cover with a knotted pile. The first ryas originated in the e ... Read »


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    • Seychour Rugs

    • A subtype of the Kuba rug, antique Seychour (also known as Seichur and Zeychour) rugs are made in the small town of Yukhari-Zeykhur in Azerbaijan in the Northeast Caucasus. Prized for the detailed precision of their drawing and design as well as for their saturated colors, antique Seychour rugs popularly display design ... Read »


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    • Shag (fabric)

    • A shag is a rug or carpet that has a deep pile, giving it a shaggy appearance. The name derives from Old English sceacga, related to Old Norse skegg, beard. In recent years, shag carpeting has seen a resurgence of popularity. ... Read »


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    • Soumak

    • Soumak (also spelled Soumakh, Sumak, Sumac, or Soumac) is a tapestry technique of weaving strong and decorative textiles used as rugs and domestic bags. Baks used for bedding are known as Soumak Mafrash. Soumak is a type of flat weave, somewhat resembling but stronger and thicker than kilim, with a smooth front face an ... Read »


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    • Sultanabad rugs and carpets

    • The city of Sultanabad (now known as Arak) was founded in 1808 to become the major center of rug production in Iran. Other types of Sultanabad designs may include production from Mushkabad. Farahans and Sarouks were also made in the Arak region, though are wholly different. Beginning in the second half of the nine ... Read »


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    • Swedish carpets and rugs

    • Carpets and rugs have been handmade knotted wool in Sweden for centuries, taking on many different forms and functions over the course of time. Rugs woven in the traditional Oriental manner, especially in the Ottoman Empire and points east, were originally brought to Sweden over trade routes as early as the early Middl ... Read »


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    • Tack strip

    • Tack strip (US) (also known as gripper rod (UK), carpet gripper, Smoothedge (Can), tackless strip, and gripper edge) is a thin piece of wood, between 1 to 2 metres (3.3 to 6.6 ft) long and about 3 centimetres (1.2 in) wide, studded with hundreds of sharp nails or tacks used in the installation of carpet. They are ... Read »


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    • Tibetan rug

    • Tibetan rug making is an ancient, traditional craft. Tibetan rugs are traditionally made from Tibetan highland sheep's wool, called changpel. Tibetans use rugs for many purposes ranging from flooring to wall hanging to horse saddles, though the most common use is as a seating carpet. A typical sleeping carpet measuring ... Read »


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    • Turkmen rug

    • A Turkmen rug (Turkmen: Türkmen haly; or Turkmen carpet or Turkoman carpet) is a type of handmade floor-covering textile traditionally originating in Central Asia. It is useful to distinguish between the original Turkmen tribal rugs and the rugs produced in large numbers for export mainly in Pakistan and Iran today. ... Read »


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    • Underlay

    • Underlay or underlayment generally refers to a thin layer of cushioning made of materials such as sponge rubber, foam, felt, or crumb rubber; this material is laid beneath carpeting to provide comfort underfoot, to reduce wear on the carpet, and to provide insulation against sound, moisture, and heat. In general, it is ... Read »


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    • Uzbek carpet

    • Uzbek carpet is one of the most well-known handmade carpets produced by Uzbeks. Carpet weaving, being one of the types of Uzbek arts and crafts, is inextricably linked with other kinds of Uzbek arts and crafts, continuing the tradition of other types of national fine art. Originally carpet in Uzbekistan is flourishing ... Read »


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    • Varamin Carpet

    • Varamin carpets and rugs or Veramin carpets and rugs are carpets and rugs woven in city of Varamin and its surrounding area which are among most famous carpets in the world. Many rug and carpet experts see Varamins as being among those Persian carpets most authentic in terms of traditional style and motif. They have ge ... Read »


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    • Thomas Whitty

    • Thomas Whitty (1713–1792) was an English carpet manufacturer who founded Axminster Carpets in 1755. Whitty was impressed by a large Turkish carpet he saw at Cheapside Market in London, and upon his return to Axminster he used his skills as a weaver to work out how to produce a product of similar quality. After se ... Read »


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