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  • Pseudohistory

    Pseudohistory

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    • Ancient astronaut speculation

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    • Pseudoarchaeology

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    • Atlantis

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    • Genocide denial

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    • Hwandan Gogi

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    • National mysticism

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    • Nuwaubianism

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    • Priory of Sion hoax

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    • Pseudohistorians

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    • Shakespeare authorship question

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    • Pseudohistory

    • Pseudohistory is produced by the application of the research techniques of the historical method (primary sources and evidence) characteristic of legitimate history; yet, in itself, the work of pseudohistory is intellectually inconsistent with the historical record and with the common-sense understanding held in the co ... Read »


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    • African Atlantis

    • African Atlantis

      Leo Viktor Frobenius (29 June 1873 – 9 August 1938) was an ethnologist and archaeologist and a major figure in German ethnography. He was born in Berlin as the son of a Prussian officer and died in Biganzolo, Lago Maggiore, Piedmont, Italy. He undertook his first expedition to Africa in 1904 to the Kasai dist ... Read »


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    • African-American heritage of presidents of the United States

    • The topic of the African-American heritage of United States presidents relates mostly to questions and claims made by amateur historians as to whether five presidents of the United States who were accepted as white also had significant recent African ancestry. There is no disagreement that President Barack Obama (2009 ... Read »


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    • Afrocentrism

    • Afrocentrism (also Afrocentricity) is a cultural ideology or worldview mostly limited to the United States that focuses on the history of black Africans. It is a response to global (Eurocentric/Orientalist) attitudes about African people and their historical contributions and revisits their history with an African cult ... Read »


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    • Ages in Chaos

    • Ages in Chaos is a book by the controversial writer Immanuel Velikovsky, first published by Doubleday in 1952, which put forward a major revision of the history of the Ancient Near East, claiming that the histories of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Israel are five centuries out of step. He followed this with a number of oth ... Read »


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    • Ahistoricism

    • Ahistoricism refers to a lack of concern for history, historical development, or tradition. Charges of ahistoricism are frequently critical, implying that the subject is historically inaccurate or ignorant (for example, an ahistorical attitude). It can also describe a person's failure to frame an argument or issue in ... Read »


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    • Ahnenerbe

    • Ahnenerbe

      The Ahnenerbe was an institute in Nazi Germany purposed to research the archaeological and cultural history of the Aryan race. Founded on July 1, 1935, by Heinrich Himmler, Herman Wirth, and Richard Walther Darré, the Ahnenerbe later conducted experiments and launched expeditions in an attempt to prove that mytholog ... Read »


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    • Ailill mac Slánuill


    • Akakor

    • Akakor is the name of a mythological ancient underground city, located somewhere between Brazil, Bolivia and Peru. It was described by German journalist Karl Brugger, based on interviews with a self-proclaimed Brazilian Indian chieftain Tatunca Nara in his book The Chronicle of Akakor (1976). Although Brugger was appa ... Read »


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    • Alternative historical interpretations of Joan of Arc

    • There are a number of revisionist theories about Joan of Arc which contradict the established account of her life. These include the theory that she was in fact guilty of the witchcraft for which she was condemned; that bones and other alleged relics come from her; that she escaped death at the stake and lived out her ... Read »


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    • American Freedom and Catholic Power

    • American Freedom and Catholic Power

      American Freedom and Catholic Power is an anti-Catholic book by American writer Paul Blanshard, published in 1949 by Beacon Press. Blanshard asserted that America had a "Catholic problem" in that the Church was an "undemocratic system of alien control". The book has been described as bigoted and "vicious",propaganda an ... Read »


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    • Anacalypsis

    • Anacalypsis (full title: Anacalypsis: An Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis or an Inquiry into the Origin of Languages, Nations and Religions) is a lengthy two-volume treatise written by religious historian Godfrey Higgins, and published after his death in 1836. The book was published in two quarto volum ... Read »


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    • Armenian Genocide denial

    • Armenian Genocide denial is the act of denying the planned systematic genocide of 1.5 million Armenians during World War I, conducted by the Ottoman government. As a form of denialism, it can be compared to similar negationist historical revisionisms like Holocaust denial and Nanking Massacre denial. The Armenian Geno ... Read »


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    • Assyria and Germany in Anglo-Israelism

    • In Anglo-Israelism and some currents of U.S. Christian fundamentalism, the idea has been advanced that modern Germans are partly descended from the ancient Assyrians. This notion was entertained by Edward Hine, although it is incorrect as the native Germans are actually to this day referenced as Allemanni in the Syriac ... Read »


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    • Atlantis: The Lost Continent Revealed

    • Atlantis: The Lost Continent Revealed is a pseudohistorical book by Charles Berlitz. He lists several alternative theories on where the possible mythical Atlantis may have been situated, and cites different legends and stories that may support the different theories. All areas are and theories are covered starting with ... Read »


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    • Babylon Mystery Religion

    • Babylon Mystery Religion is a book first published in 1966 and reprinted in 1981 by the Ralph Woodrow Evangelistic Association. In the book Woodrow draws parallels between ancient Babylonian rituals and those found in the Roman Catholic Church. There are references to Alexander Hislop's book The Two Babylons. Babylon ... Read »


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    • Baptist successionism

    • Baptist successionism (or Baptist perpetuity) is one of several theories on the origin and continuation of Baptist churches. The tenet of the theory is that there has been an unbroken chain of churches since the days of John the Baptist, who baptized Christ, which have held beliefs similar (although not always the same ... Read »


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    • Black Egyptian hypothesis

    • The Black Egyptian hypothesis is the hypothesis that Ancient Egypt was a predominately Black civilization, as the term is currently understood in modern American ethic perception. Mainstream scholars recognize that many indigenous Egyptians (e.g. Nubians), including several Pharaohs, were of ancestry that, in the moder ... Read »


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    • Bosnian pyramid claims

    • Coordinates: 43°58′37″N 18°10′34″E / 43.97694°N 18.17611°E / 43.97694; 18.17611 The 'Bosnian pyramid complex' is a debunked pseudoarchaeological notion which has been promoted by author and businessman Semir Osmanagić. He claims that a cluster of natural hills in ce ... Read »


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    • British Israelism

    • British Israelism (also called Anglo-Israelism) is a doctrine based on the hypothesis that people of Western European and Northern European descent are the direct lineal descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of the ancient Israelites, particularly in Great Britain. The doctrine often includes the tenet that the British Ro ... Read »


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    • Chariots of the Gods?


    • Paul Chiasson

    • Paul Chiasson is a Canadian architect (M.Arch. Yale '81) author, who has written pseudohistories about the settlement of North America. In his first book, The Island of Seven Cities: Where the Chinese Settled When They Discovered America, Chiasson explains his belief that Chinese voyagers settled in the Cape Dauphin a ... Read »


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    • Chicago 1885 cholera epidemic myth

    • The Chicago 1885 cholera epidemic myth is a persistent urban legend, stating that 90,000 people in Chicago died of typhoid fever and cholera in 1885. Although the story is widely reported, these deaths did not occur. Lake Michigan was the source of Chicago's drinking water. During a tremendous storm in 1885, the rainf ... Read »


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    • Charles Chiniquy

    • Charles P. Chiniquy (30 July 1809 – 16 January 1899) was a Canadian Catholic priest who became a Presbyterian pastor. Chiniquy was born in 1809 in the village of Kamouraska, Quebec. He lost his father at an early age and was adopted by his uncle. As a young man, Chiniquy studied to become a Catholic priest at ... Read »


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    • Christian Identity

    • Christian Identity (also known as Identity Christianity) (CI), a white-supremacist and nordicist interpretation of Christianity, advocates the belief that the Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, Nordic and kindred peoples are both the descendants of the ancient Israelites and the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (primarily a ... Read »


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    • Clean Wehrmacht

    • Clean Wehrmacht

      The Myth of the Clean Wehrmacht (German: Saubere Wehrmacht), Clean Wehrmacht legend (Legende von der sauberen Wehrmacht), or Wehrmacht's "clean hands" is the belief that the Wehrmacht was an apolitical organization along the lines of its predecessor, the Reichswehr, and was largely innocent of Nazi Germany's crimes, co ... Read »


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    • Dalitstan.org

    • Dalitstan.org

      Dalitstan.org was a Dalit advocacy website active until mid-2006, one of 18 websites that were blocked by the Indian government following the 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings. The website claimed to be run by Dalitstan, a "Human Rights Organization working for the Upliftment of Dalits, the Untouchables of India". No ... Read »


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    • Denying History

    • Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It?

      Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It? is a 2002 book by Michael Shermer and Alex Grobman with collaboration of Arthur Hertzberg about Holocaust denial. Publishers Weekly gave the book a positive review explaining, "Keeping their focus on larger questions about historical ri ... Read »


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    • Dhul-Qarnayn

    • Dhul-Qarnayn, (Arabic: ذو القرنين‎‎ ḏū al-qarnayn, IPA: [ðuːlqarˈnajn]), or Zulqarnayn, "he of the two horns", appears in Surah 18 verses 83-101 of the Qur'an as a figure empowered by Allah to erect a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog, the representation of ... Read »


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    • Fingerprints of the Gods

    • Fingerprints of the Gods

      Fingerprints of the Gods: The Evidence of Earth's Lost Civilization is a 1995 book by Graham Hancock, in which he echoes 19th century writer Ignatius Donnelly, author of Atlantis: The Antediluvian World (1882), in contending that some previously enigmatic ancient but highly advanced civilization had existed in prehisto ... Read »


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    • Franklin Prophecy

    • "The Franklin Prophecy", sometimes called "The Franklin Forgery", is an antisemitic speech falsely attributed to Benjamin Franklin, warning of the supposed dangers of admitting Jews to the nascent United States. The speech was purportedly transcribed by Charles Cotesworth Pinckney during the Constitutional Convention o ... Read »


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    • French Israelism

    • French Israelism (also called Franco-Israelism) is the belief that people of Frankish descent are also the direct lineal descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, and it is often accompanied by the belief that the Merovingian dynasty is directly descended from the line of King David. One of the earliest scholars w ... Read »


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    • From Atlantis to the Sphinx

    • From Atlantis To The Sphinx

      From Atlantis to the Sphinx is a work of non-fiction by British author, Colin Wilson, with the subheading Recovering the Lost Wisdom of the Ancient World. Wilson proposes in the text that the Great Sphinx of Giza was constructed by a technologically advanced people "nearly 10,000 years before Egyptologists have hypoth ... Read »


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    • Glastonbury

    • Glastonbury

      Glastonbury /ˈɡlæstənbri/ is a town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated at a dry point on the low-lying Somerset Levels, 23 miles (37 km) south of Bristol. The town, which is in the Mendip district, had a population of 8,932 in the 2011 census. Glastonbury is less than 1 mile (2 km) across ... Read »


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    • Götaland theory


    • Grand supercycle

    • A Grand Supercycle is the longest period, or wave, in the growth of a financial market as described by the Elliott Wave Principle, originally discovered and formulated by Ralph Nelson Elliott. Elliott speculated that a Grand Supercycle advance had started in the United States stock market in 1857 and ran to the year 19 ... Read »


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    • Grimaldi Man

    • Grimaldi man was a name given in the early 20th century to an Italian find of two paleolithic skeletons. When found, the skeletons were the subject of dubious scientific theories on human evolution, partly fueled by biased reconstruction of the skulls by the scientists involved. While the skeletons differ markedly from ... Read »


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    • Historia Regum Britanniae

    • Historia Regum Britanniae

      Historia regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), originally called De gestis Britonum (On the Deeds of the Britons), is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136 by Geoffrey of Monmouth. It chronicles the lives of the kings of the Britons over the course of two thousand years, b ... Read »


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    • Historical negationism

    • Historical negationism or denialism is an illegitimate distortion of the historical record. It is often imprecisely referred to as historical revisionism, but that term also denotes a legitimate academic pursuit of re-interpretation of the historical record and questioning the accepted views. In attempting to revise t ... Read »


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    • History (U.S. TV channel)

    • History (U.S. TV channel)

      History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Corporation and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company. The channel originally broadcast documentary ... Read »


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    • The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail

    • The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail

      The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail (retitled Holy Blood, Holy Grail in the United States) is a book by Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln. The book was first published in 1982 by Jonathan Cape in London, as an unofficial follow-up to three BBC Two TV documentaries that were part of the Chronicle series. T ... Read »


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    • Horned God

    • The Horned God is one of the two primary deities found in Wicca and some related forms of Neopaganism. The term Horned God itself predates Wicca, and is an early 20th-century syncretic term for a horned or antlered anthropomorphic god with partly pseudohistorical origins, partly based on historical horned deities. The ... Read »


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    • Ica stones

    • The Ica stones are a collection of andesite stones found in Ica Province, Peru that bear a variety of diagrams. Some of them supposedly have depictions of dinosaurs, and what is alleged to be advanced technology. These are recognised as modern curiosities or hoaxes. From the 1960s Javier Cabrera Darquea collected and ... Read »


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    • Heribert Illig

    • The phantom time hypothesis is a historical conspiracy theory asserted by Heribert Illig. First published in 1991, the hypothesis proposes a conspiracy by the Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, Pope Sylvester II, and possibly the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII, to fabricate the Anno Domini dating system retrospectively, s ... Read »


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    • In Search of... (TV series)

    • In Search of... (TV series)

      In Search of... is a television series that was broadcast weekly from 1977 to 1982, devoted to mysterious phenomena. It was created after the success of three one-hour TV documentaries produced by creator Alan Landsburg: In Search of Ancient Astronauts in 1973 (based on the book Chariots of the Gods? by Erich von Dä ... Read »


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    • Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences

    • The Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences, ISIS (1985–2005) was a British educational charity established in 1985 and founded by researchers formerly connected with the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies (SIS) whose original purpose was to examine and debate the revisionist theories of Immanuel ... Read »


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    • Irving v Penguin Books Ltd

    • Irving v Penguin Books Ltd

      David Irving v Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt is a case in English law against American author Deborah Lipstadt and her publisher Penguin Books, filed in an English court by the British author David Irving in 1996, asserting that Lipstadt had libeled him in her book Denying the Holocaust. The court ruled that Irvin ... Read »


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    • Japhetic theory

    • In linguistics, the Japhetic theory of Soviet linguist Nikolay Yakovlevich Marr (1864–1934) postulated that the Kartvelian languages of the Caucasus area are related to the Semitic languages of the Middle East. The theory gained favor among Soviet linguists for ideological reasons, as it was thought to represent " ... Read »


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    • Jesus bloodline

    • The Jesus bloodline is a hypothetical sequence of lineal descendants of the historical Jesus and some woman, usually portrayed as his wife. Differing and contradictory versions of a Jesus bloodline hypothesis have been proposed in numerous books by authors such as Louis Martin (1886), Donovan Joyce (1973), Andreas Fabe ... Read »


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    • Jesus in India

    • The unknown years of Jesus (also called his silent years, lost years, or missing years) generally refers to the period between Jesus's childhood and the beginning of his ministry, a period not described in the New Testament. The "lost years of Jesus" concept is usually encountered in esoteric literature (where it at t ... Read »


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    • Jesus in Little Tibet

    • The unknown years of Jesus (also called his silent years, lost years, or missing years) generally refers to the period between Jesus's childhood and the beginning of his ministry, a period not described in the New Testament. The "lost years of Jesus" concept is usually encountered in esoteric literature (where it at t ... Read »


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    • The Jesus Papers

    • The Jesus Papers: Exposing the Greatest Cover-Up in History is a book by author Michael Baigent published in 2006. Providing his detailed history of Jesus' life and crucifixion; using papers that, according to the author, were covered up. The book documents the political context of Jesus' birth, and then goes on to ex ... Read »


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    • The Jesus Scroll

    • The Jesus Scroll

      The Jesus Scroll was a best-selling book first published in 1972 and written by Australian author Donovan Joyce. A forerunner to some of the ideas later investigated in The Da Vinci Code, Joyce's book made the claim that Jesus of Nazareth may have actually died aged 80 at Masada near the Dead Sea, site of the last stan ... Read »


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    • The Jew of Linz

    • The Jew of Linz

      The Jew of Linz is a 1998 book by Australian writer Kimberley Cornish, in which Cornish alleges that the Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein had a profound effect on Adolf Hitler when they were both pupils at the Realschule (lower secondary school) in Linz, Austria, in the early 1900s. Cornish also alleges that Wi ... Read »


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    • Khazar hypothesis of Ashkenazi ancestry

    • The Khazar hypothesis of Ashkenazi ancestry, often called the "Khazar myth" by its critics, is the hypothesis that Ashkenazi Jews are descended from the Khazars, a multi-ethnic conglomerate of Turkic peoples who formed a semi-nomadic Khanate in the area extending from Eastern Europe to Central Asia. The hypothesis draw ... Read »


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    • Kronos: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Synthesis

    • Kronos: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Synthesis published articles on topics related to the theories of Immanuel Velikovsky, it was "founded, with no apologies, to deal with Velikovsky's work"; and as such hosted epigraphs on a wide range of subjects from ancient history, catastrophism and mythology. It ran 44 issues ... Read »


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    • Landscape zodiac

    • A landscape zodiac (or terrestrial zodiac) is a map of the stars on a gigantic scale, formed by features in the landscape, such as roads, streams and field boundaries. Perhaps the best known alleged example is the Glastonbury Temple of the Stars, situated around Glastonbury in Somerset, England. The temple is thought b ... Read »


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    • Der Landser

    • Der Lanser

      Der Landser (literally private, common soldier) was a German pulp magazine published by Pabel-Moewig and featuring mostly stories in World War II settings. The magazine was founded in 1954 by the former Luftwaffe officer and writer Bertold K. Jochim (1921-2002), who later worked as its longtime editor in chief until 19 ... Read »


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    • Leuchter report

    • The Leuchter report is a pseudoscientific document authored by American execution technician Fred A. Leuchter, who was commissioned by Ernst Zündel to defend him at his trial in Canada for distributing false news, namely Holocaust denial material. Leuchter compiled the report in 1988 with the intention of investigat ... Read »


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    • Loose Change

    • Loose Change

      Loose Change is a series of films released between 2005 and 2009 that argue in favor of certain conspiracy theories relating to the September 11th attacks. The films were written and directed by Dylan Avery and produced by Korey Rowe, Jason Bermas, and Matthew Brown. The original 2005 film was edited and re-released a ... Read »


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    • Lost history

    • Many significant locations, cultures/groups, and objects throughout history have been lost, inspiring archaeologists and treasure-hunters around the world to search for them. The existence of some of these places or items, particularly those from ancient history, is legendary and remains in doubt. Excluded from these l ... Read »


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    • The Lost Tomb of Jesus

    • The Lost Tomb of Jesus is a documentary co-produced and first broadcast on the Discovery Channel and Vision TV in Canada on March 4, 2007, covering the discovery of the Talpiot Tomb. It was directed by Canadian documentary and film maker Simcha Jacobovici and produced by Felix Golubev and , while James Cameron served a ... Read »


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    • William Lynch speech

    • The William Lynch speech is an address purportedly delivered by a certain William Lynch (or Willie Lynch) to an audience on the bank of the James River in Virginia in 1712 regarding control of slaves within the colony. It is considered to be a hoax. The letter purports to be a verbatim account of a short speech given b ... Read »


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    • MacAlpin's treason


    • Macedonism

    • Macedonian nationalism is a general grouping of nationalist ideas and concepts among ethnic Macedonians that were first formed in the late 19th century among separatists seeking the autonomy of the region of Macedonia from the Ottoman Empire. The idea evolved during the early 20th century alongside the first expression ... Read »


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    • Man into Wolf

    • Man Into Wolf

      Man Into Wolf; An Anthropological Interpretation of Sadism, Masochism and Lycanthropy is a book by Robert Eisler, published in 1948 . The text is based upon his readings in archeology and anthropology; anything not covered by these disciplines is then dealt with using Jungian methods of dream analysis and the theory of ... Read »


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    • The Manna Machine

    • The Manna Machine is a 1978 book by George Sassoon and Rodney Dale, based upon a translation of the section of the Zohar a called "The Ancient of Days" that concludes that a machine had created algae as food for human beings in biblical times. The machine was reproduced by George who was an engineer, who followed ... Read »


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    • Mayanism

    • Mayanism is a non-codified eclectic collection of New Age beliefs, influenced in part by Pre-Columbian Maya mythology and some folk beliefs of the modern Maya peoples. Adherents of this belief system are not to be confused with Mayanists, scholars who research the historical Maya civilization. Contemporary Mayanism pl ... Read »


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    • Merry England

    • "Merry England", or in more jocular, archaic spelling "Merrie England" (also styled as "Merrie Olde England"), refers to an English autostereotype, a utopian conception of English society and culture based on an idyllic pastoral way of life that was allegedly prevalent at some time between the Middle Ages and the onset ... Read »


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    • The Message of the Sphinx

    • The Message of the Sphinx

      The Message of the Sphinx: A Quest for the Hidden Legacy of Mankind (Keeper of Genesis in the United Kingdom) is a book written by Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval in 1996 which argues that the creation of the Sphinx and Pyramids occurred as far back as 10,500 BC using astronomical data. Working from the premise that ... Read »


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    • Molière authorship question


    • Moon landing conspiracy theories

    • Moon landing conspiracy theories are conspiracy theories which claim that some or all elements of the Apollo program and the associated Moon landings were hoaxes staged by NASA with the aid of other organizations. The most notable claim is that the six manned landings (1969–72) were faked and that twelve Apollo as ... Read »


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    • Moorish Science Temple of America

    • The Moorish Science Temple of America is an American national and religious organization founded by Noble Drew Ali, born Timothy Drew. He based it on the belief that African Americans were allegedly descended from the Moors of North West Africa and thus were Moorish by nationality, and Islamic by faith. Ali put togethe ... Read »


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    • Mu (lost continent)

    • Mu (lost continent)

      Mu is the name of a suggested lost continent whose concept and name were proposed by 19th-century traveler and writer Augustus Le Plongeon, who claimed that several ancient civilizations, such as those of Egypt and Mesoamerica, were created by refugees from Mu—which he located in the Atlantic Ocean. This concept w ... Read »


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    • Muror

    • The long lost civilization of Muror, located on the legendary lost continent of Mu, is a mythic civilization invented by James Churchward (1851-1936). The story was expanded in 1970, in a book published by Tony Earll. The book claimed to present a translation of a diary compiled by a boy called Kland. In concept, this ... Read »


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    • Myth of the flat Earth

    • The myth of the flat Earth is the modern misconception that the prevailing cosmological view during the Middle Ages in Europe saw the Earth as flat, instead of spherical. During the early Middle Ages, virtually all scholars maintained the spherical viewpoint first expressed by the Ancient Greeks. From at least the 14t ... Read »


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    • Naacal

    • Naacal is the name of an ancient people and civilization first claimed to have existed by Augustus Le Plongeon and later by James Churchward. Though there is no scientific or archaeological evidence for the existence of the Naacals, various later fictional works have made use of them. The first recorded use of the ... Read »


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    • Nanking Massacre denial

    • Nanking Massacre denial is the denial that Imperial Japanese forces murdered hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers and civilians during the Second Sino-Japanese War, a highly controversial episode in Sino-Japanese relations. It is considered a revisionist viewpoint and is not accepted in mainstream academia, even w ... Read »


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    • National mysticism

    • National mysticism (German Nationalmystik) is a form of nationalism which raises the nation to the status of numen or divinity. Its best known instance is Germanic mysticism, which gave rise to occultism under the "Third Reich". The idea of the nation as a divine entity was presented by Johann Gottlieb Fichte. National ... Read »


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    • Nazism and occultism

    • Nazism and occultism describes a range of theories, speculation and research into origins of Nazism and its possible relation to various occult traditions. Such ideas have been a part of popular culture since at least the early 1940s, and gained renewed popularity starting in the 1960s. There are documentaries and book ... Read »


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    • Nazi UFOs

    • In UFOlogy, conspiracy theory, science fiction, and comic book stories, claims or stories have circulated linking UFOs to Nazi Germany. The German UFO theories describe supposedly successful attempts to develop advanced aircraft or spacecraft prior to and during World War II, and further assert the post-war survival of ... Read »


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    • New Chronology (Fomenko)

    • The New Chronology is a pseudohistorical theory which argues that the conventional chronology of Middle Eastern and European history is fundamentally flawed, and that events attributed to the civilizations of the Roman Empire, Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt actually occurred during the Middle Ages, more than a thousa ... Read »


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    • Norumbega

    • Norumbega, or Nurembega, is a legendary settlement in northeastern North America which appeared on many early maps from the 1500s until American colonization. Jean Allefonsce in 1542 reported that he had coasted south from Newfoundland and had discovered a great river. It often appeared on subsequent European maps of ... Read »


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    • Nuwaubian Nation

    • The Nuwaubian Nation or Nuwaubian movement was a religious organization founded and led by Dwight York. York began founding Black Muslim groups in New York in 1967. He changed his teachings and the names of his groups many times, incorporating concepts from Judaism, Christianity, and many esoteric beliefs. In the late ... Read »


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    • Oera Linda Book

    • The Oera Linda Book is a manuscript written in Old Frisian. It purports to cover historical, mythological, and religious themes of remote antiquity between 2194 BCE and 803 CE. Among academics in Germanic philology, the document is widely considered to be a hoax or forgery. The manuscript first came to public awarenes ... Read »


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    • The Old Straight Track

    • The Old Straight Track: Its Mounds, Beacons, Moats, Sites and Mark Stones is a book by Alfred Watkins, first published in 1925, describing the existence of alleged ley lines in Britain. Watkins presents a methodical and thorough exposition of his theories of ley lines, following an earlier much shorter publication, "E ... Read »


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    • Omphalos hypothesis

    • The Omphalos hypothesis is the pseudoscientific argument that God created the universe recently (within the past ten thousand years, in keeping with Flood geology), but also introduced false evidence that the universe is of great age. It was named after the title of an 1857 book, Omphalos by Philip Henry Gosse, in whic ... Read »


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    • The Other Side: The Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism

    • The Other Side: the Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism

      The Other Side: the Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism (Arabic: al-Wajh al-Akhar: al-'Alaqat as-Sirriya bayna an-Naziya wa's-Sihyuniya) is a book by Mahmoud Abbas, published in 1984 in Arabic. It is based on his CandSc thesis, completed in 1982 at Patrice Lumumba University (now the Peoples' Friendship Univ ... Read »


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    • Ourang Medan

    • The SS Ourang Medan was a ghost ship which, according to various undocumented sources, became a shipwreck in Dutch East Indies waters after its entire crew had died under suspicious circumstances. The story of the Ourang Medan has become something of a legend. One English reference to the ship and the incident is ... Read »


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    • Pensée (Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered)


    • Phantom time hypothesis

    • The phantom time hypothesis is a historical conspiracy theory asserted by Heribert Illig. First published in 1991, the hypothesis proposes a conspiracy by the Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, Pope Sylvester II, and possibly the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII, to fabricate the Anno Domini dating system retrospectively, s ... Read »


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    • The Pink Swastika

    • The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party

      The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party is a book first published in 1995 by Scott Lively and Kevin Abrams, and currently in its 5th edition. The book has drawn criticism from historians. According to the authors, homosexuality found in the Nazi Party contributed to the extreme militarism of Nazi Germany. T ... Read »


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    • Pre-Adamite

    • The Pre-Adamite hypothesis or Pre-adamism is the belief that humans (or intelligent but non-human creatures) existed before the biblical character Adam. This assumption is contrary to beliefs which describe Adam as the first human, as suggested in passages of the Bible and in some interpretations of the Qur'an. Pre-ada ... Read »


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    • Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories

    • Claims of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact relate to visits to, the discovery of or interaction with the Americas and/or indigenous peoples of the Americas by people from Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492. Two classical cases of pre-Columbian cont ... Read »


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    • Pre-Māori settlement of New Zealand theories


    • Quilts of the Underground Railroad

    • Quilts of the Underground Railroad describes a controversial belief that quilts were used to communicate information to African American slaves about how to escape to freedom via the Underground Railroad. It has been disputed by a number of historians. In Stitched from the Soul (1990), Gladys-Marie Fry asserted th ... Read »


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    • Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel

    • Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel

      Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel is a book by Minnesota politician Ignatius L. Donnelly published first during 1883. It is a companion to the more well-known work Atlantis: The Antediluvian World. In Ragnarok, Donnelly argues that an enormous comet hit the earth 12,000 years ago, resulting in widespread fires, flo ... Read »


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    • Red Earth, White Lies

    • Red Earth, White Lies: Native Americans and the Myth of Scientific Fact

      Red Earth, White Lies: Native Americans and the Myth of Scientific Fact is a book by Native American author Vine Deloria, originally published in 1995. The book's central theme is to criticize the scientific consensus which has, in his words, created "a largely fictional scenario describing prehistoric North America". ... Read »


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    • Rennes-le-Château


    • Sethos

    • Sethos (Greek: Σεθῶν Sethon) was a pharaoh of Egypt described by Herodotus in his Histories (book II, chapter 141): After him there came to the throne the priest of Hephaistos, whose name was Sethos. This man, they said, neglected and held in no regard the warrior class of the Egyptians, considering t ... Read »


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    • Seven Sleepers

    • In Christian and Islamic tradition, the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus (Arabic: اصحاب الکھف aṣḥāb al kahf, "companions of the cave") is the story of a group of youths who hide inside a cave outside the city of Ephesus around 250 AD to escape a religious persecution and emerge 300 y ... Read »


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    • Shakespeare authorship question

    • The Shakespeare authorship question is the argument that someone other than William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon wrote the works attributed to him. Anti-Stratfordians—a collective term for adherents of the various alternative-authorship theories—believe that Shakespeare of Stratford was a front to shiel ... Read »


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    • The Sign and the Seal

    • The Sign and the Seal

      The Sign and the Seal: The Quest for the Lost Ark of the Covenant is a controversial book by British researcher Graham Hancock. It was published in 1992. The book narrates the endeavours of the writer in searching for the Ark of the Covenant and proposes a theory of its historical movements and current whereabouts. ... Read »


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    • The Sirius Mystery

    • The Sirius Mystery

      The Sirius Mystery is a non-fiction book by Robert K. G. Temple first published by St. Martin's Press in 1976. Its second, 1998, edition is called The Sirius Mystery: New Scientific Evidence of Alien Contact 5,000 Years Ago. The book presents the hypothesis that the Dogon people of Mali, in west Africa, preserve a ... Read »


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    • Sun Language Theory

    • The Sun Language Theory (Turkish: Güneş Dil Teorisi) was a Turkish nationalist pseudoscientific linguistic hypothesis developed in Turkey in the 1930s that proposed that all human languages are descendants of one proto-Turkic primal language. The theory proposed that because this primal language had close phonemi ... Read »


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    • The Templar Revelation

    • The Templar Revelation

      The Templar Revelation: Secret Guardians of the True Identity of Christ is a book written by Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince and published in 1997 by Transworld Publishers Ltd in Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand. It proposes a fringe hypothesis regarding the relationship between Jesus, John the Baptist and Mary ... Read »


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    • Temple Denial

    • Temple Denial refers to the assertion that none of the Temples in Jerusalem ever existed or were not located on the Temple Mount. Israeli writer David Hazony has described the phenomenon as "a campaign of intellectual erasure [by Palestinian leaders, writers, and scholars] ... aimed at undermining the Jewish claim to a ... Read »


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    • Temple of the Stars

    • The Temple of the Stars is an alleged ancient temple claimed to be situated around Glastonbury in Somerset, England. The temple is claimed by some to depict a colossal landscape zodiac, a map of the stars on a gigantic scale, formed by features in the landscape (roads, streams, field boundaries, etc.). The theory ... Read »


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    • Theory of Phoenician discovery of the Americas

    • The theory of Phoenician discovery of the Americas suggests that the earliest Old World contact with the Americas was not with Columbus or Norse settlers, but with the Phoenicians (or, alternatively, other Semitic peoples) in the first millennium BC. This theory of a Phoenician discovery of the Americas was popula ... Read »


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    • Thule Society

    • Thule Society

      The Thule Society (/ˈtuːlə/; German: Thule-Gesellschaft), originally the Studiengruppe für germanisches Altertum ("Study Group for Germanic Antiquity"), was a German occultist and völkisch group in Munich right after World War I, named after a mythical northern country from Greek legend. The Society is n ... Read »


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    • RMS Titanic alternative theories

    • The loss of the Titanic in 1912, with about 1500 lives, attracted so much controversy that several alternative theories about its sinking have gained support. One version suggests that the sunken ship was actually the Olympic, near-identical sister-ship of the Titanic, which was the subject of a large insurance claim, ... Read »


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    • The Trail of Blood

    • The Trail of Blood (1931) is a book by the Baptist minister, James Milton Carroll. It is a collection of five lectures he gave on the history of Baptist churches, which he presented as a succession from the first Christians. The full title is The Trail of Blood -: Following the Christians Down through the Centuries - ... Read »


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    • Tribe of Shabazz

    • According to the Nation of Islam the Tribe of Shabazz was a supposed ancient Black nation that migrated into central Africa, led by a leader named Shabazz. The concept is found primarily in the writings of Wallace Fard Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad. According to the Autobiography of Malcolm X, all the races except the w ... Read »


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    • Turanism

    • Turanism, Pan-Turanianism or Pan-Turanism is a romantic nationalist cultural and political movement born in the 19th century, to counter the effects of pan-nationalist ideologies like Pan-Germanism and Pan-Slavism. It proclaimed the need for close cooperation or alliance between culturally, linguistically or ethnically ... Read »


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    • The Two Babylons

    • The Two Babylons, subtitled The Papal Worship Proved to Be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife is a religious pamphlet published in 1853 by the Presbyterian Free Church of Scotland theologian Alexander Hislop (1807–65). It was expanded in 1858, going through many editions. A 3rd edition was published in 1862, a 7th ... Read »


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    • Vedic Mathematics (book)

    • Vedic Mathematics

      Vedic Mathematics is a book written by the Indian Hindu priest Bharati Krishna Tirthaji and first published in 1965. It contains a list of mental calculation techniques claimed to be based on the Vedas. The mental calculation system mentioned in the book is also known by the same name or as "Vedic Maths". Its character ... Read »


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    • Walam Olum

    • The Walam Olum or Walum Olum, usually translated as "Red Record" or "Red Score," is purportedly a historical narrative of the Lenape (Delaware) Native American tribe. The document has provoked controversy as to its authenticity since its publication in the 1830s by botanist and antiquarian Constantine Samuel Rafinesque ... Read »


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    • Wendish question

    • The Wendish question (Hungarian: Vendkérdés, Slovene: Vendsko vpraÅ¡anje, Prekmurje dialect: Vendsko pítanje, or VendiÅ¡ko pitanje) in Hungarian Nationalist and Chauvinist politics concerns the origin and nomenclature of the Hungarian Slovenes. The traditional Hungarian term for the Slovenes living in Hun ... Read »


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    • Anne Whateley

    • Anne Whateley

      Anne Whateley is the name given to a woman who is sometimes supposed to have been the intended wife of William Shakespeare before he married Anne Hathaway. Most scholars believe that Whateley never existed, and that her name in a document concerning Shakespeare's marriage is merely a clerical error. However, several wr ... Read »


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    • Where Troy Once Stood

    • Where Troy Once Stood is a book by Iman Wilkens that argues that the city of Troy was located in England and that the Trojan War was fought between groups of Celts. The standard view is that Troy is located near the Dardanelles in Turkey. Wilkens claims that Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, though products of ancient Greek c ... Read »


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    • White gods

    • White gods is the belief that ancient cultures around the world were visited by Caucasian races in ancient times, and that they were known as "White gods". Based on 16th-century accounts of the Spanish conquistadors being "greeted as gods" by the peoples of the New World, certain modern authors have expanded the conce ... Read »


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    • Witch-cult hypothesis

    • The witch-cult hypothesis is a discredited theory that the witch trials of the Early Modern period were an attempt to suppress a pre-Christian, pagan religion that had survived the Christianisation of Europe. According to its proponents, this witch-cult revolved around the worship of a Horned God of fertility whom the ... Read »


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    • Worlds in Collision

    • Worlds in Collision

      Worlds in Collision is a book written by Immanuel Velikovsky and first published April 3, 1950. The book postulated that around the 15th century BCE, Venus was ejected from Jupiter as a comet or comet-like object, and passed near Earth (an actual collision is not mentioned). The object changed Earth's orbit and axis, c ... Read »


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    • Yakub (Nation of Islam)

    • Yakub (sometimes spelled Yacub or Yaqub) is a central figure of the Nation of Islam (NOI). According to the story, Yakub was a black scientist who lived "6,600 years ago" and began the creation of the white race to be a "race of devils." He is said to have done this through a form of selective breeding referred to as " ... Read »


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    • Zeitgeist (film series)

    • Zeitgeist (film series)

      Zeitgeist is a series of three documentary films released between 2007 and 2011 that present a number of conspiracy theories, as well as proposals for broad social and economic changes. The Zeitgeist Movement was formed shortly after the release of Zeitgeist: Addendum. Zeitgeist: The Movie is a 2007 film by Peter ... Read »


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    • Zeitgeschichtliche Forschungsstelle Ingolstadt

    • The Zeitgeschichtliche Forschungsstelle Ingolstadt e. V. (Ingolstadt Research Institute for Contemporary Historical Research registered association, ZFI, also known as Institut für Zeitgeschichtsforschung Ingolstadt) is a historical revisionist association located in Dunsdorf, Bavaria. The ZFI was founded in 19 ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Pseudohistory

Extras