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  • Probiotics

    Probiotics

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Probiotics

    • Probiotic

    • Probiotics are microorganisms that are believed to provide health benefits when consumed. The term probiotic is currently used to name ingested microorganisms associated with benefits for humans and animals. The term came into more common use after 1980. The introduction of the concept is generally attributed to Nobel ... Read »


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    • Bacillus clausii

    • Bacillus clausii is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, motile and spore-forming bacterium that lives in the soil. It is classified as probiotic; microrganisms that maintain a symbiotic relationship with the host organism. It is currently being studied in respiratory infections and some gastrointestinal disorders.Bacillus cla ... Read »


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    • Bacillus coagulans

    • Bacillus coagulans

      Bacillus coagulans is a lactic acid-forming bacterial species within the genus Bacillus. The organism was first isolated and described as Bacillus coagulans in 1915 by B.W. Hammer at the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station as a cause of an outbreak of coagulation in evaporated milk packed by an Iowa condensary. Separa ... Read »


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    • Bacterial vaginosis

    • Bacterial vaginosis

      Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a disease of the vagina caused by excessive growth of bacteria. Common symptoms include increased vaginal discharge that often smells like fish. The discharge is usually white or gray in color. Burning with urination may occur. Itching is uncommon. Occasionally, there may be no symptoms. Hav ... Read »


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    • Bifidobacterium animalis

    • Bifidobacterium animalis

      B. a. animalisB. a. lactis Bifidobacterium animalis is a gram-positive, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium which can be found in the large intestines of most mammals, including humans. Bifidobacterium animalis and Bifidobacterium lactis were previously described as two distinct species. Presently, both are considered B. ... Read »


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    • Bifidobacterium bifidum

    • Bifidobacterium bifidum is a bacterial species of the Bifidobacterium genus. B. bifidum is one of the most common probiotic bacteria that can be found in the body of mammals, including humans. Since B. bifidum is a Gram-positive bacterium that is not motile, anaerobic, and not spore-forming. The bacterium is rod-s ... Read »


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    • Bifidobacterium breve

    • Bifidobacterium breve is a bacterial species of the Bifidobacterium genus which has probiotic properties. B. breve strains were originally isolated from the feces of human infants. In 1971, Bifidobacterium parvulorum and Bifidobacterium breve were merged under the name Bifidobacterium breve.Bifidobacterim breve ad ... Read »


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    • Bifidobacterium longum

    • Bifidobacterium longum is a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, rod-shaped bacterium present in the human gastrointestinal tract and one of the 32 species that belong to the genus Bifidobacterium. It is a microaerotolerant anaerobe and considered to be one of the earliest colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract of infan ... Read »


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    • BioGaia

    • BioGaia

      BioGaia is a Swedish biotechnology company that develops, markets and sells a range of products with probiotics. The company owns several commercially important strains and a large number of different patents for commercial usage of Lactobacillus reuteri. BioGaia gut and immune health products contain L. reuteri Prote ... Read »


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    • Clostridium butyricum

    • Clostridium butyricum

      Clostridium butyricum is a strictly anaerobic endospore-forming Gram-positive butyric acid producing bacillus subsisting by means of fermentation using an intracellularly accumulated amylopectin-like α-polyglucan (granulose) as a substrate. It is uncommonly reported as a human pathogen and is widely used as a probio ... Read »


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    • Eubiotics

    • Eubiotics (Greek eu = good/healthy, bios = life) is the science of hygienic/healthy living. The term is used in the feed industry where it refers to a healthy balance of the micro-flora in the gastrointestinal tract. Bacteritic preparations intended for correction of biocenosis of the mucous membranes may be referred ... Read »


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    • Ganeden

    • Ganeden, Inc. is a privately held United States probiotic ingredient manufacturer that sells its products to makers of foods and dietary supplements. It is based in Mayfield Heights, Ohio and was founded in 1997 in San Diego, California by Sean Farmer. The company's name, Ganeden, was derived from the Hebrew "Gan Eden" ... Read »


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    • International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics

    • The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the science behind probiotics and prebiotics. ISAPP participates in science-based written and oral communications and responds to emerging scientific issues regarding probiotics and prebiot ... Read »


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    • Lactinex

    • Lactinex is a brand name for a probiotic supplement used to replace microorganisms (gut flora) in the human intestines and colon. The brand is a registered trademark of Becton, Dickinson and Company. It may be used to treat diarrhea resulting from infection or when an antibiotic regimen destroys the harmful bacteria an ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus acidophilus

    • Lactobacillus acidophilus

      Lactobacillus acidophilus (New Latin 'acid-loving milk-bacillus') is a species of gram positive bacteria in the genus Lactobacillus. L. acidophilus is a homofermentative, microaerophilic species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, and grows readily at rather low pH values (below pH 5.0) and has an optimum growth tempe ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus casei

    • Lactobacillus casei

      Lactobacillus casei is a species of genus Lactobacillus found in the human intestine and mouth. This particular species of Lactobacillus is documented to have a wide pH and temperature range, and complements the growth of L. acidophilus, a producer of the enzyme amylase (a carbohydrate-digesting enzyme). The most ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus crispatus

    • Lactobacillus crispatus is a common, rod-shaped species of genus Lactobacillus and is a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) producing beneficial micro biota species located in both the vagina, through vaginal discharge, and the vertebrate gastrointestinal. The strain CTV-05 is used as a probiotic that can be used by premenopausal ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus

    • Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus

      Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (until 2014 known as Lactobacillus bulgaricus) is one of several bacteria used for the production of yogurt. It is also found in other naturally fermented products. First identified in 1905 by the Bulgarian doctor Stamen Grigorov, the bacterium feeds on lactose to produce lac ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus fermentum

    • Lactobacillus fermentum is a Gram-positive species of bacterium in the genus Lactobacillus. It is associated with active dental caries lesions. It is also commonly found in fermenting animal and plant material. It has been found in sourdough. A few strains are considered probiotic or "friendly" bacteria in animals and ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus paracasei

    • Lactobacillus paracasei

      Lactobacillus paracasei (commonly abbreviated as L. paracasei) is a gram-positive, facultatively heterofermentative species of lactic acid bacteria that are commonly used in dairy product fermentation and probiotics. L. paracasei is a bacterium that operates by commensalism. It is commonly found in many human habitats ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus plantarum

    • Lactobacillus plantarum is a widespread member of the genus Lactobacillus, commonly found in many fermented food products as well as anaerobic plant matter. It is also present in saliva (from which it was first isolated). It has the ability to liquefy gelatin. L. plantarum has one of the largest genomes known among the ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus reuteri

    • Lactobacillus reuteri is a Gram-positive bacterium that naturally inhabits the gut of mammals and birds. First described in the early 1980s, some strains of L. reuteri are used as probiotics. Though the species Lactobacillus reuteri has been recognized for some time, knowledge of its probiotic properties did not c ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus rhamnosus

    • Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a bacterium that originally was considered to be a subspecies of L. casei, but later genetic research found it to be a species of its own. It is a short Gram-positive facultative anaerobic rod that often appears in chains. Some strains of L. rhamnosus bacteria are being used as probiotics, an ... Read »


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    • Mutaflor

    • Mutaflor is a probiotic consisting of a viable non-pathogenic bacterial strain named Escherichia coli Nissle 1917. The Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917, designated DSM 6601 in the German Collection for Microorganisms in Braunschweig, is one of the best-examined and therapeutically relevant bacterial strains worldwid ... Read »


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    • Probiotics in pediatrics

    • Probiotics are defined to be non-pathogenic strains of organism that are incorporated into the diet to modify gut microbial ecology, leading to beneficial structural and functional changes in the gut. Some probiotics may serve as a barrier for the colonization of pathogens to prevent disease and enhance the immune syst ... Read »


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    • Propionibacterium freudenreichii

    • Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a Gram-positive, non-motile bacterium that plays an important role in the creation of Emmental cheese, and to some extent, Jarlsberg cheese, Leerdammer and Maasdam cheese. Its concentration in Swiss-type cheeses is higher than in any other cheese. Propionibacteria are commonly found ... Read »


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    • Saccharomyces boulardii

    • Saccharomyces boulardii is a tropical species of yeast first isolated from lychee and mangosteen fruit in 1923 by French scientist Henri Boulard. S. boulardii (synonym: S. cervisiae var boulardii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen CBS 5926) is a yeast that could be assigned to the subtype of S. cerevisiae species. It ... Read »


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    • Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    • Saccharomyces cerevisiae

      Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast. It has been instrumental to winemaking, baking, and brewing since ancient times. It is believed to have been originally isolated from the skin of grapes (one can see the yeast as a component of the thin white film on the skins of some dark-colored fruits such as plums; it ... Read »


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    • Synbiotics

    • Synbiotics refer to food ingredients or dietary supplements combining probiotics and prebiotics in a form of synergism, hence synbiotics. The synbiotic concept was first introduced as "mixtures of probiotics and prebiotics that beneficially affect the host by improving the survival and implantation of live microbial di ... Read »


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