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  • Physical exercise

    Physical exercise

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    • Aerobic exercise

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    • Bodyweight exercise

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    • CrossFit

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    • Dance

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    • Exercise equipment

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    • Exercise instructors

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    • Exercise physiology

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    • Exercise television programs

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    • Exercise-related trademarks

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    • Exergames

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    • Fitness magazines

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    • Green exercise

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    • Gymnastics

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    • Hydrotherapy

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    • Exercise organizations

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    • Physical education

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    • Pilates

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    • Running

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    • Strength training

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    • Swedish Classic Circuit

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    • T'ai chi ch'uan


    • Fitness tests

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    • Throwing

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    • Twirling

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    • United States Army physical fitness

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    • Walking

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    • Weight training

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    • Yoga

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    • Physical exercise

    • Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenanc ... Read »


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    • Outline of exercise

    • The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to exercise: Exercise – any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons including strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, ... Read »


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    • 5BX

    • The 5BX (Five Basic Exercises) Plan is an exercise program developed for the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) by Bill Orban in the late 1950s, first published in 1961. The plan was developed for men; a corresponding program was developed for women under the name XBX (Ten Basic Exercises). The 5BX Plan is composed o ... Read »


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    • Acroyoga

    • Acroyoga (also written Acro-Yoga or AcroYoga) is a physical practice which combines yoga and acrobatics. There are now many schools of AcroYoga. The original two schools were Acroyoga Montreal and Acroyoga Inc.. Acroyoga Montreal was founded by Jessie Goldberg and Eugene Poku in 1999 combining acrobatics, yoga and dan ... Read »


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    • ACSM American Fitness Index

    • The ACSM American Fitness Index Program (AFI) is an initiative of the American College of Sports Medicine that aims to quantitatively measure the overall health and fitness level of American metropolitan areas. The measure is a composite of indicators for personal health, availability of health care providers, and comm ... Read »


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    • Active living

    • Role of exercise is a way of life that integrates physical activity into your everyday routines, such as walking to the store or biking to work. Active living brings together urban planners, architects, transportation engineers, public health professionals, activists and other professionals to build places that encoura ... Read »


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    • Active Living by Design

    • Active Living by Design (ALbD) was a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation that was established in 1998. It was a part of the Gillings School of Global Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Active Living by Design aims to increase physical activity in daily life through com ... Read »


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    • Active stretching

    • Active stretching eliminates force and its adverse effects from stretching procedures. Active stretching stimulates and prepares muscles for use during exercise. Active stretches not only stretches the muscles and tissues, but prepares the muscles for the action by activating and warming them up. Before describing the ... Read »


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    • Aerobics

    • Aerobics is a form of physical exercise that combines rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training routines with the goal of improving all elements of fitness (flexibility, muscular strength, and cardio-vascular fitness). It is usually performed to music and may be practiced in a group setting led by ... Read »


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    • Agility

    • Agility or nimbleness is the ability to change the body's position efficiently, and requires the integration of isolated movement skills using a combination of balance, coordination, speed, reflexes, strength, and endurance. Agility is the ability to change the direction of the body in an efficient and effective manner ... Read »


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    • Agility drill

    • Agility drills are used in the aim of improving sports agility, which is the ability to change direction and accelerate while in motion. The ability to change direction while in motion is very important in many sports but especially in team and dual sports. For example, a footballer running back must be able to quickl ... Read »


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    • Allsport GPS

    • Allsport GPS is a fitness tracking phone application combined with a website. It uses GPS to provide performance statistics and is run on a GPS-enabled cell phone. The GPS gives Allsport GPS a precise way of measuring statistics such as pace, speed, time and distance. Users can view their route overlaid on a map. The a ... Read »


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    • AntiGravity Fitness

    • AntiGravity Fitness is a fitness company founded by Christopher Harrison in 2007 and based in New York City, specializing in hybrid aerial fitness techniques that combine silk hammocks with yoga practices, Pilates, ballet barre exercises, and traditional strength training techniques into different exercise curriculums. ... Read »


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    • Asahi Health

    • Asahi (or Asahi Health) is a Finnish health exercise based on the eastern traditions of T'ai chi ch'uan, qigong, yiquan and yoga, with a western scientific viewpoint. Asahi is designed to suit everybody, regardless of physical condition or age. Asahi exercise is taught and performed in instructed groups, but Asahi can ... Read »


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    • Assault course

    • An assault course (also called trim trail) is a special sort of trail that combines running and exercising. It was more popular in the 1970s than it is now. It is heavily used in military training. The prime use is to evaluate progress and weaknesses within the team involved. Assault courses are used in military t ... Read »


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    • Athletic training

    • Athletic training has been recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA) as an allied health care profession since June 1991. "Athletic training is practiced by athletic trainers, health care professionals who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and participation of patients and clients. Athletic t ... Read »


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    • Aviva method

    • Aviva Method or Aviva Dance is a physical exercise system that claims to stimulate the related glands for optimal reproductive hormone secretion. The name of the method is given by its developer, Aviva Gabriella Steiner, a Hungarian origin Israeli ballet dancer and PE teacher. Aviva Dance teachers claim to have go ... Read »


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    • Ballistic stretching

    • Ballistic stretching is a form of passive stretching or dynamic stretching in a bouncing motion. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, "[d]o not bounce your stretches. Ballistic (bouncy) stretching can cause injury." Ballistic stretches force the limb into an extended range of motion when the musc ... Read »


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    • Ballistic training

    • Ballistic training, also called power training, is a form of strength training in which an athlete lifts, accelerates, and then releases the weight, rather than slowly lowering it as in other forms of weight training. Ballistic training was first used among elite athletes who were looking for a method to develop e ... Read »


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    • Irmgard Bartenieff

    • Irmgard Bartenieff

      Irmgard Bartenieff (1900 Berlin - 1981 New York City) was a dance theorist, dancer, choreographer, physical therapist, and a leading pioneer of dance therapy. A student of Rudolf Laban, she pursued cross-cultural dance analysis, and generated a new vision of possibilities for human movement and movement training. From ... Read »


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    • Battle of the Systems

    • The Battle of the Systems was a controversy over the most effective system of exercise and calisthenics that spanned from the 1830s to the early 1920s, consisted of different systems of exercise mostly in a gymnastic or calisthenic-type format. It raged in the United States as states mandated physical education systems ... Read »


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    • Billy's Bootcamp


    • BodyCode Training System

    • BodyCode Training System

      BodyCode Training System is a technique for evaluating and correcting movement patterns using specifically designed equipment. It deals with how people construct awkward postures, and how to maintain and apply intervention strategies to correct them. It was developed in the 1990s by Pino Carbone. It is mainly used by d ... Read »


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    • Boxercise

    • 'Boxercise' is a Registered trademark Boxercise is an exercise concept based on boxing started in 1992 by boxing coach Andy Wake. It has grown in popularity since the early 1990s with over 1.2 million participants worldwide workout. Boxercise has become popular as a fitness class and also with personal trainers using ... Read »


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    • Burpee (exercise)

    • The burpee, or squat thrust, is a full body exercise used in strength training and as an anaerobic exercise. The basic movement is performed in four steps and known as a "four-count burpee": According to Oxford Dictionaries Online, the exercise was named in the 1930s for American physiologist Royal H. Burpee, who ... Read »


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    • Calisthenics

    • Calisthenics are exercises consisting of a variety of gross motor movements—running standing, grasping, pushing, etc—often performed rhythmical and generally without equipment or apparatus. They are, in essence, body-weight training. They are intended to increase body strength, body fitness, and flexibility, ... Read »


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    • Callanetics

    • The Callanetics exercise programme was created by Callan Pinckney in the early 1980s. It is a system of exercise involving frequent repetition of small muscular movements and squeezes, designed to improve muscle tone. The programme was developed by Pinckney from classical ballet exercises, to help ease a back problem t ... Read »


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    • Chi ball

    • ChiBall is a mind-body exercise and wellness programme that is based on the principles of traditional Chinese Medicine. A ChiBall class combines the modalities of Tai Chi-Qi Gong, Dance, Yoga, Pilates, Feldenkrais and Relaxation/Meditation with inspiring music. ChiBall Originated in 1997 in South Australia. It is now ... Read »


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    • Chinese Wand Exercise

    • Chinese Wand Exercise 竹棒運動

      Chinese Wand Exercise is an obscure ancient exercise system, related to the martial art Kung Fu. The “wand” in Chinese Wand Exercise is a 48-50” long dowel, 1” in diameter, (wood or bamboo, for example), used as a fulcrum for balance, form and posture. “It’s the pyramid effect, with you as ... Read »


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    • Circuit training

    • Circuit training is a form of body conditioning or resistance training using high-intensity aerobics. It targets strength building and muscular endurance. An exercise "circuit" is one completion of all prescribed exercises in the program. When one circuit is complete, one begins the first exercise again for the next ci ... Read »


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    • Closed kinetic chain exercises

    • Closed kinetic chain exercises or closed chain exercises (CKC) are physical exercises performed where the hand (for arm movement) or foot (for leg movement) is fixed in space and cannot move. The extremity remains in constant contact with the immobile surface, usually the ground or the base of a machine. The opposite ... Read »


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    • Complex training

    • Complex training integrates strength training, plyometrics, and sometimes sport-specific movement. It consists of an intense strength exercise followed by a plyometric exercise. Complex training activates and works the nervous system and fast twitch muscle fibers simultaneously. The strength exercise activates the fas ... Read »


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    • Concentric hypertrophy

    • Concentric hypertrophy is a hypertrophic growth of a hollow organ without overall enlargement, in which the walls of the organ are thickened and its capacity or volume is diminished. Sarcomeres are added in parallel, as for example occurs in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In the heart, concentric hypertrophy is related ... Read »


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    • Continuous training

    • Continuous training, also known as continuous exercise, is any type of physical training that involves activity without rest intervals. Continuous training can be performed at low, moderate, or high exercise intensities, and is often contrasted with interval training, often called high-intensity interval training. Some ... Read »


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    • Cooling down

    • Cooling down (the prescribed event of which is called a cool down, cooldown, or cool-down; or warm down, in allusion to use in combination with warm up) is an easy exercise, done after a more intense activity, to allow the body to gradually transition to a resting or near-resting state. Depending on the intensity of th ... Read »


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    • Core stability

    • Core stability refers to a person's ability to stabilise their core. Stability, in this context, should be considered as an ability to control the position and movement of the core. Thus, if a person has greater core stability, they have a greater level of control over the position and movement of this area of their bo ... Read »


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    • Cross-training

    • Cross-training is athletic training in sports other than the athlete's usual sport. The goal is improving overall performance. It takes advantage of the particular effectiveness of one training method to negate the shortcomings of another. Cross-training in sports and fitness involves combining exercises to work v ... Read »


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    • CrossFit

    • CrossFit is a branded fitness regimen created by Greg Glassman and is a registered trademark of CrossFit, Inc. which was founded by Greg Glassman and Lauren Jenai in 2000. Promoted as both a physical exercise philosophy and also as a competitive fitness sport, CrossFit workouts incorporate elements from high-intensity ... Read »


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    • Cycling

    • Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport. Persons engaged in cycling are referred to as "cyclists", "bikers", or less commonly, as "bicyclists". Apart from two-wheeled bicycles, "cycling" also includes the riding of unicycles, tricycles, quadracycles, ... Read »


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    • DailyBurn

    • DailyBurn

      DailyBurn is a health and fitness company with a membership of approximately 2.5 million that provides workout and nutrition programs on a variety of web, mobile, and TV apps. DailyBurn streaming workout videos are led by master trainers and produced by Mason Bendewald, the director of Beachbody's P90X workout program. ... Read »


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    • Dog walking

    • Dog walking is the act of a person walking with a dog, typically from the dog's residence and then returning. This constitutes part of the daily exercise regime needed to keep a dog healthy. It also provides exercise and companionship for the walker. In the UK, The Kennel Club conducted a survey of 1,000 dog owner ... Read »


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    • Dưỡng sinh


    • Dynamic stretching

    • Dynamic stretching is a form of stretching beneficial in sports utilizing momentum from form, and the momentum from static-active stretching strength, in an effort to propel the muscle into an extended range of motion not exceeding one's static-passive stretching ability. Anything beyond this range of motion becomes ba ... Read »


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    • Dynamic Tension

    • "Dynamic Tension" is the name Charles Atlas gave to the system of physical exercises that he first popularized in the 1920s. Dynamic Tension is a self-resistance exercise method which pits muscle against muscle. The practitioner tenses the muscles of a given body part and then moves the body part against the tension a ... Read »


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    • Electrical muscle stimulation

    • Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS), also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) or electromyostimulation, is the elicitation of muscle contraction using electric impulses. EMS has received increasing attention in the last few years because of its potential to serve as a strength training tool for healthy ... Read »


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    • Endurance

    • Endurance (also related to , resilience, , , and hardiness) is the ability of an organism to exert itself and remain active for a long period of time, as well as its ability to resist, withstand, recover from, and have immunity to trauma, wounds, or fatigue. It is usually used in aerobic or anaerobic exercise. The defi ... Read »


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    • Endurance training

    • Endurance training is the act of exercising to increase endurance. The term endurance training generally refers to training the aerobic system as opposed to anaerobic. The need for endurance in sports is often predicated as the need of cardiovascular and simple muscular endurance, but the issue of endurance is far more ... Read »


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    • EPODE International Network

    • EPODE International Network

      EPODE International Network (EIN) is a not for profit, non-governmental organisation that seeks to support childhood obesity-prevention programmes across the world, via best practice sharing and capacity building. The name EPODE comes from ‘Ensemble Prévenons l'ObésitéDes Enfants’Together Let's Prev ... Read »


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    • Exercise addiction

    • Exercise addiction is a state characterized by a compulsive engagement in any form of physical exercise, despite negative consequences. While regular exercise is generally a healthy activity, exercise addiction generally involves performing excessive amounts of exercise to the detriment of physical health, spending too ... Read »


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    • Exercise bulimia

    • Exercise bulimia is a subset of the psychological disorder called bulimia in which a person is compelled to exercise in an effort aimed at burning the calories of food energy and fat reserves to an excessive level that negatively affects their health. The damage normally occurs through not giving the body adequate rest ... Read »


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    • Exercise hypertension

    • Exercise hypertension is an excessive rise in blood pressure during exercise. Many of those with exercise hypertension have spikes in systolic pressure to 250 mmHg or greater. A rise in systolic blood pressure to over 200 mmHg when exercising at 100 W is pathological and a rise in pressure over 220 mmHg needs to be co ... Read »


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    • Exercise intensity

    • Exercise intensity refers to how much energy is expended when exercising. Perceived intensity varies with each person. It has been found that intensity has an effect on what fuel the body uses and what kind of adaptations the body makes after exercise. Intensity is the amount of physical power (expressed as a percentag ... Read »


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    • Exercise intolerance

    • Exercise intolerance

      Exercise intolerance is a condition of inability or decreased ability to perform physical exercise at what would be considered to be the normally expected level or duration. It also includes experiences of unusually severe post-exercise pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting or other negative effects. Exercise intolerance is ... Read »


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    • Exercise is Medicine

    • Exercise is Medicine is a nonprofit initiative launched by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American Medical Association (AMA). The initiative calls for physical activity and exercise to be standard parts of disease prevention and medical treatment, urging healthcare providers to assess and r ... Read »


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    • Exercise prescription

    • Exercise prescription commonly refers to the specific plan of fitness-related activities that are designed for a specified purpose, which is often developed by a fitness or rehabilitation specialist for the client or patient. Due to the specific and unique needs and interests of the client/patient, the goal of exercise ... Read »


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    • Exercise prescription software

    • Exercise prescription software is a branch of computer software designed to aid in the construction of exercise programmes or regimes for patients who require some kind of ongoing rehabilitation. Exercise prescription is common in physiotherapy practices where traditionally patients would be given a printed handout wi ... Read »


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    • Exercise therapy for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies

    • Although they vary in particulars, polymyositis, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis are idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM)[1] primarily characterized by chronic inflammation of human skeletal muscle tissue that ultimately causes the necrosis of muscle cells. This degeneration leads to muscle tissue wasti ... Read »


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    • Exercise trends

    • Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work. This has been accompanied by increasing use of mechanized transportation, a greater prevalence of labor saving technology in the home, and less active recreational pursuits. At least 31% of the world's population does not get sufficient phys ... Read »


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    • Exertion

    • Exertion is the use of physical or perceived energy. It normally connotes a strenuous or costly effort related to physical, muscular, philosophical actions and work. In physics exertion is use of energy against, or for, inertia as described by Isaac Newton's third law of motion. In mechanics it describes use of fo ... Read »


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    • Facial toning

    • Facial toning, or facial exercise is a type of cosmetic procedure or physical therapy tool which promises to alter facial contours by means of increasing muscle tone, and facial volume by promoting muscular hypertrophy, and preventing muscle loss due to aging or facial paralysis. Facial toning and exercise is therefore ... Read »


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    • Fascia Training

    • Fascia training describes sports activities and movement exercises that attempt to improve the functional properties of the muscular connective tissues in the human body, such as tendons, ligaments, joint capsules and muscular envelopes. Also called fascia, these tissues take part in a body-wide tensional force transmi ... Read »


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    • Feldenkrais Method

    • The Feldenkrais Method is a type of exercise therapy devised by Moshé Feldenkrais (1904–1984). The method is claimed to reorganize connections between the brain and body and so improve body movement and psychological state. There is no good medical evidence that the Feldenkrais method confers any health benefi ... Read »


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    • Fitness boot camp

    • A fitness boot camp is a type of group physical training program conducted by gyms, personal trainers, and former military personnel. These programs are designed to build strength and fitness through a variety of intense group intervals over a 1-hour period of time. Originally popular in the US, they were brought over ... Read »


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    • Fitness culture

    • Fitness culture is a sociocultural phenomenon which refers to the culture surrounding physical exercises. It is usually associated with gym culture, as doing physical exercises in locations such as gyms, wellness centres and health clubs is a popular activity. An international survey found that more than 27% of world t ... Read »


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    • Fitness professional

    • A fitness professional is a professional in the field of fitness and exercise, most often instruction (fitness instructor), including aerobics and yoga instructors and authors of fitness instruction books or manuals. Fitness topics may also include nutrition, weight-loss, and self-help. Fitness careers are distinguishe ... Read »


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    • Fitness trail

    • A fitness trail, outdoor exercise equipment, or parcourse, consists of a or equipped with obstacles or stations distributed along its length for exercising the human body to promote good health. The course is designed to promote physical fitness training in the style attributed to Georges Hébert. In general, fitne ... Read »


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    • Five Tibetan Rites

    • The Five Tibetan Rites is a system of exercises reported to be more than 2,500 years old which were first publicized by Peter Kelder in a 1939 publication titled The Eye of Revelation. The Rites are said to be a form of Tibetan yoga similar to the yoga series that originated in India. However, the Five Rites and tradi ... Read »


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    • Floor-Barre

    • Floor-barre is a technique in ballet training that "takes the basic ballet barre training from the standing position to the floor, "taking the effort of standing out of the equation." Zena Rommett(R) originated Floor Barre in the 1960s in New York City one day in class, when she found herself telling the students at t ... Read »


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    • Football strength

    • Football strength is a training regime, considered the most complex physical quality to be developed by an athlete. The training regime, exercises used, how the exercises are performed, and the types of equipment all play important roles in achieving desired results. The role of strength preparation is highly valu ... Read »


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    • Form (exercise)

    • Form is a specific way of performing a movement, often a strength training exercise, to avoid injury, prevent cheating and increase strength. Exercises or drills in sport have a recognized way of performing the movements that have two purposes: By using proper or 'good and' form, the risk of injury is lowered. A ... Read »


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    • Functional training

    • Functional training is a classification of exercise which involves training the body for the activities performed in daily life. Functional training has its origins in rehabilitation. Physical and Occupational therapists and Chiropractors often use this approach to retrain patients with movement disorders. Interve ... Read »


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    • Galileo (vibration training)

    • Galileo (in the US up until 2014 also available as Vibraflex) is a brand of vibration training platforms used as exercise equipment as well as for therapeutic use. It consists of a vibration platform which vibrates sinusoidal side alternating like a see-saw. Depending on the device size it oscillates with an amplitude ... Read »


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    • General fitness training

    • General fitness training works towards broad goals of overall health and well-being, rather than narrow goals of sport competition, larger muscles or concerns over appearance. A regular moderate workout regimen and healthy diet can improve general appearance markers of good health such as muscle tone, healthy skin, hai ... Read »


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    • General strength exercise

    • General strength exercises are the physical exercises that are used in overall body conditioning. They are not directly related to the specific actions seen in a specific sport (i.e., strengthening the muscles as they are used in a specific sport and increasing an athlete's functional potential for improved performance ... Read »


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    • Elena Gibson

    • Elena Gibson (born 25 October 1976) is a pole dance choreographer, teacher and performer who has played a leading role in the development of pole dancing as an art form and sport across the world. She was the first World Pole Dancing Champion when crowned Miss Pole Dance World in 2005, before being controversially dis ... Read »


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    • Grace Somatomorphic Technique

    • Grace Somatomorphic Technique, commonly referred to as GST, is a movement system that is used primarily for physical fitness, as well as for rehabilitation and prenatal exercise. GST was created by fitness instructor, dancer and actress Anna Rahe, who runs a studio in Hollywood, CA. There are also online instructional ... Read »


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    • Group green exercise

    • Group Green Exercise refers to physical exercise undertaken in natural environments carried out as a group. Physical exercise has positive outcomes for both physical and mental health, there is growing evidence confirming the benefits to be had from contact with nature, while the work of Prof. Jules Pretty at the Unive ... Read »


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    • Gym

    • A gym, short for gymnasium, is an open air or covered location for gymnastics, athletics, and gymnastic services. The word is derived from the ancient Greek gymnasium. They are commonly found in athletic and fitness centers, and as activity and learning spaces in educational institutions. "Gym" is also slang for "fitne ... Read »


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    • Gymkhana (equestrian)

    • Gymkhana is an equestrian event consisting of speed pattern racing and timed games for riders on horses. These events often emphasize children's participation and may be organized by a recognized Pony Club or a 4-H club. In parts of the western United States, this type of competition is usually called an "O-Mok-See" (a ... Read »


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    • Gyrotonic

    • GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® Method

      Juliu Horvath, Founder, President, CEO The Gyrotonic Expansion System Method is composed of the Gyrokinesis and Gyrotonic exercise methods. The Gyrokinesis Method, originally called “Yoga for Dancers,” is practiced on a mat and a chair, while the Gyrotonic Method uses specialized equipment that permits one t ... Read »


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    • Hot cycling

    • Hot cycling refers to a spin class performed in a room heated between 80 - 84 degrees Fahrenheit. Like hot yoga, which uses heat to increase an individual’s flexibility in the poses, hot cycling enables a greater level of fat burning, elevates metabolism and allows the body to natural detoxify itself. Heated exerc ... Read »


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    • House Gymnastics

    • House Gymnastics is a sport created by James Robert Ford and Spencer Harrison. This fitness regime is akin to an indoor version of Parkour or an internet based, Fluxus "happening", which encourages maximum audience participation. The participant uses their surroundings in their house as apparatus. When someone perform ... Read »


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    • Hypertrophy

    • Hypertrophy

      Hypertrophy (IPA /haɪˈpɝːtrəfi/, from Greek ὑπέρ "excess" + τροφή "nourishment") is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. It is distinguished from hyperplasia, in which the cells remain approximately the same size but ... Read »


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    • Hypertrophy-specific training

    • Hypertrophy-Specific Training (HST) is a method of strength training intended to induce the fastest muscle growth, or hypertrophy, possible, without losing efficacy over an extended period of time, and without the use of anabolic steroids. The method was popularized following an October 2000 ThinkMuscle newsletter arti ... Read »


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    • Hypopressive exercise

    • Hypopressive exercise (also known as hypopressive gymnastics, hypopressive technique, hypopressive method, hypopressive abdominal exercises, hypopressive abdominal technique) refers to a type of physical therapy developed in the 1980s by Marcel Caufriez, studying urogynecological postpartum recovery. The exercises were ... Read »


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    • Illinois agility test

    • The Illinois agility test is a fitness test designed to test one's sport agility. It is a simple test which is easy to administer and requires little equipment. It tests the ability to turn in different directions and at different angles. The aim of the test is to complete a weaving running course in the shortest poss ... Read »


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    • Incremental exercise

    • Incremental exercise is exercise that increases in intensity over time. An incremental exercise test (IET) is determined by different variables. These include the initial starting rate, the consecutive work rates, increments and the duration of each increment. These variables can be modified extensively to suit the pu ... Read »


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    • Indoor cycling

    • Indoor cycling, as an organized activity, is a form of exercise with classes focusing on endurance, strength, intervals, high intensity (race days) and recovery, and involves using a special stationary exercise bicycle with a weighted flywheel in a classroom setting. It is commonly called spinning. Classes general ... Read »


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    • Indian club

    • Indian clubs or meels are a type of exercise equipment used for developing strength. They comprise bowling-pin shaped wooden clubs of varying sizes and weights, which are swung in certain patterns as part of an exercise program. They can range from a few pounds each, up to special clubs that can weigh as much as 50 pou ... Read »


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    • Isoinertial

    • The term isoinertial derives from the words iso (same) and inertial (resistance), which in one terminology describes the primary concept of the isoinertial system, or expressing the same inertia in both the concentric phase and the eccentric. Since the late eighties, during long-duration space travel, was placed as a ... Read »


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    • Isometric exercise

    • Isometric exercise or isometrics are a type of strength training in which the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction (compared to concentric or eccentric contractions, called dynamic/isotonic movements). Isometrics are done in static positions, rather than being dynamic through a range of motion ... Read »


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    • Isometric exercise device

    • An isometric exercise tool is a device used to exercise most body parts including the wrist and is often used as part of physical therapy or in order to build muscle strength in a low impact manner. Devices can range in size from large bulky machines used by physicians to small hand-held devices that can be used by an ... Read »


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    • Jogging

    • Jogging is a form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace. The main intention is to increase physical fitness with less stress on the body than from faster running, or to maintain a steady speed for longer periods of time. Performed over long distances, it is a form of aerobic endurance training. Joggin ... Read »


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    • Kaatsu

    • Kaatsu (Japanese: 加圧, often styled as KAATSU or KAATSU) is a patented exercise method developed by Dr. Yoshiaki Sato that is based on blood flow moderation exercise (or vascular occlusion moderation training) involving compression of the vasculature proximal to the exercising muscles by the Kaatsu Master devi ... Read »


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    • Kegel exercise

    • Kegel exercise

      Pelvic floor exercise, also known as Kegel exercise, consists of repeatedly contracting and relaxing the muscles that form part of the pelvic floor, now sometimes colloquially referred to as the "Kegel muscles". The exercise needs to be performed multiple times each day, for several minutes at a time, for one to three ... Read »


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    • Kinesiophobia

    • Kinesiophobia is a term used in the context of rehabilitation medicine and physical therapy to describe people's fear of pain due to movement, a factor that hinders rehabilitation and actually prolongs disability and pain.This fear of movement can be a factor in increased time to return to participation in pre-injury a ... Read »


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    • Kinomap

    • Kinomap

      Kinomap is a complete end-to-end platform for creating, hosting, sharing and utilizing geolocation videos for user generated videos. It consists of a set of free mobile applications based on data acquisition and integration in cloud computing. Kinomap provides programming tools for Smartphones, tablets and GPS-enabled ... Read »


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    • Leisure centre

    • A leisure centre in the UK, Ireland, Australia (also called aquatic centres) and Canada is a purpose built building or site, usually owned and operated by the city, borough council or municipal district council, where people go to keep fit or relax through using the facilities. Facilities may include a swimming pool ( ... Read »


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    • Loaded march

    • A loaded march is a relatively fast march over distance carrying a load. It is both a common military exercise and a civilian activity. A loaded march is known as a forced foot march in the US Army. Less formally, it is a ruck march in the US Army, a tab in British Army slang and a yomp in Royal Marines slang. As a c ... Read »


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    • Long-term complications of standing

    • The long-term complications of standing are the conditions that may arise after prolonged time in a standing or upright position including standing, walking or running. Many of the complications come from prolonged standing (more the 60% of a work day) that is repeated several times a week. There are many different job ... Read »


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    • Mad Dogg Athletics

    • Mad Dogg Athletics, Inc. markets bicycles, men’s and women’s apparel, shoes, accessories, music, videos, heart rate monitors, and functional training equipment online. It also provides training services. Mad Dogg Athletics is based in Venice, California and was founded by Johnny G and John Baudhuin in 19 ... Read »


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    • Mall walking

    • Mall walking is a form of exercise in which people walk or jog through the usually long corridors of shopping malls. Many malls open early so that people may mall walk, however stores and other such facilities generally do not open at this time, though vending machine concessions are available. Many choose to mall walk ... Read »


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    • Metabolic window

    • The metabolic window is a term used in strength training to describe the 30-minute (give or take, dependent on the individual) period after exercise during which nutrition can shift the body from a catabolic state to an anabolic one. Specifically, it is during this period that the intake of protein and carbohydrates ca ... Read »


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    • Movement assessment

    • Movement assessment is the practice of analysing movement performance during functional tasks to determine the kinematics of individual joints and their effect on the kinetic chain. Three-dimensional or two-dimensional analysis of the biomechanics involved in sporting tasks can assist in prevention of injury and enhanc ... Read »


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    • Multi-stage fitness test

    • The multi-stage fitness test, also known as the pacer test or beep test, is a series of stages that have different tasks sometimes used by sports coaches and trainers to estimate an athlete's VO2 max (maximum oxygen uptake). The most common variation of the multi-stage fitness test is the FitnessGram/Cooper PACER test. ... Read »


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    • Syed Nadeemuddin

    • Syed Nadeemuddin

      Syed Nadeemuddin (born in Nellore, India) is a former Indian hockey player, health and wellness expert and an active life consultant. He is currently the Managing Director of Nadeem's Health Vault Pvt. Ltd. and CEO for Active Life (an organization that provides health and wellness solutions). He is a Reebok certified a ... Read »


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    • National Healthy Schools Programme

    • The National Healthy Schools Programme (NHSP) was a joint Department of Health and Department for Children, Schools and Families project intended to improve health, raise pupil achievement, improve social inclusion and encourage closer working between health and education providers in the United Kingdom. The Programme ... Read »


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    • Netpulse

    • Netpulse is an American fitness technology company, and a provider of branded mobile apps for health clubs. Netpulse was founded in 2001 by Thomas Proulx, the co-founder of tech giant Intuit, and Bryan Arp. Tom and Bryan’s vision for the company was to put a screen in front of every treadmill and exercise bik ... Read »


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    • Neurobiological effects of physical exercise

    • Neurobiological effects of physical exercise

      The neurobiological effects of physical exercise are numerous and involve a wide range of interrelated effects on brain structure, brain function, and cognition. A large body of research in humans has demonstrated that consistent aerobic exercise (e.g., 30 minutes every day) induces persistent improvements in certai ... Read »


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    • Neutral spine

    • Neutral spine

      A neutral spine or good posture refers to the "three natural curves [that] are present in a healthy spine." Looking directly at the front or back of the body, the 33 vertebrae in the spinal column should appear completely vertical. From a side view, the cervical (neck) region of the spine (C1-C7) is bent inward, the th ... Read »


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    • Nordic walking

    • Nordic walking is a total body version of walking that can be enjoyed both by non-athletes as a health-promoting physical activity, and by athletes as a sport. The activity is performed with specially designed walking poles similar to ski poles. Nordic walking (originally Finnish sauvakävely) is fitness walking ... Read »


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    • November Project

    • The November Project is a free, open-to-the-public exercise group founded in Boston, Massachusetts, in 2011. The name "November Project" comes from the Google Doc that the founders shared with each other to track their progress in November 2011. While sessions occur year round, the name stuck. Founded by Brogan Gr ... Read »


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    • Open kinetic chain exercises

    • Open chain exercises (OKC) are exercises that are performed where the hand or foot is free to move. The opposite of OKC are closed kinetic chain exercises (CKC). Both are effective for strengthening and rehabilitation objectives. Closed-chain exercises tend to offer more "functional" athletic benefits because of their ... Read »


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    • Outdoor gym

    • The outdoor gym is a gym built outside in a public park, with the all-weather construction of its exercise machines somewhat modeled on playground equipment. It is similar to the 1960s–1970s proliferation of fitness trails, which continue to be created particularly in the USA and Europe. In some instances, trails ... Read »


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    • Outline of running

    • The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to running: Running – means of rapidly traveling on foot, in which at regular points during the running cycle both feet are off the ground. Running is a key component to a number of sporting events typically in the realm of road racing, track a ... Read »


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    • P90X

    • P90X

      P90X, or Power 90 Extreme, is a commercial home exercise regimen created by Tony Horton. Developed as a successor to the program called "Power 90", it is designed to take 90 days, and consists of a training program that uses cross-training and periodization, combined with a nutrition and dietary supplement plan. T ... Read »


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    • Passive stretching

    • Passive stretching is a form of static stretching in which an external force exerts upon the limb to move it into the new position. This is in contrast to active stretching. Passive stretching resistance is normally achieved through the force of gravity on the limb or on the body weighing down on it. It can also be ach ... Read »


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    • Paula method

    • The Paula Method is a proposed alternative to Kegel exercises. The idea is that by strengthening your sphincter muscles (eye muscle: orbicularis oculi and mouth muscle: orbicularis oris), the contractions would also strengthen the sphincter muscles in the pelvic floor. Evidence to support its use is lacking. ... Read »


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    • Draft:Paula Method

    • The Paula Method is an alternative to Kegel exercises. The idea is that if you strengthen your sphincter muscles (eye muscle: Orbicularis Oculi Muscle and mouth muscle: [Oris Muscle]), the contractions would also strengthen the sphincter muscles in the pelvic floor. There have been several conflicting studies on its e ... Read »


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    • Physical activity level

    • The physical activity level (PAL) is a way to express a person's daily physical activity as a number, and is used to estimate a person's total energy expenditure. In combination with the basal metabolic rate, it can be used to compute the amount of food energy a person needs to consume in order to maintain a particular ... Read »


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    • Physical culture

    • Physical culture is a health and strength training movement that originated during the 19th century in Germany, England, and the United States. The physical culture movement of the 19th century owed its origins to several cultural trends. German immigrants after 1848 introduced a physical culture system based on ... Read »


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    • Physical education

    • Physical education, also known as Phys Ed., PE, Gym or Gym class, and known in many Commonwealth countries as physical training or PT, is an educational course related to the physique of the human body. It is taken during primary and secondary education and encourages psychomotor learning in a play or movement explora ... Read »


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    • Physical fitness

    • Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities. Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise, and sufficient rest. Before the industrial revolution, f ... Read »


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    • Physical strength

    • Physical strength is the measure of an animal's exertion of force on physical objects. Increasing physical strength is the goal of strength training. An individual's physical strength is determined by two factors; the cross-sectional area of muscle fibers recruited to generate force and the intensity of the recrui ... Read »


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    • Physical therapy

    • Physical therapy

      Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialty that, by using mechanical force and movements, remediates impairments and promotes mobility, function, and quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, and physical intervention. It is performed by phys ... Read »


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    • Physique 57

    • Physique 57 is a fitness company founded in 2006 and headquartered in New York City. The company operates exercise studios in New York, Los Angeles, Dubai and Bangkok and retails its own line of fitness DVDs and online workouts through its website and in retailers including Lululemon Athletica, Lorna Jane Active and No ... Read »


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    • Pilates

    • Pilates (/pɪˈlɑːtɪz/;German: [piˈlaːtəs]) is a physical fitness system developed in the early 20th century by Joseph Pilates. Pilates called his method "Contrology." It is practiced worldwide, and especially in western countries such as Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. As of 200 ... Read »


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    • Plyometrics

    • Plyometrics, also known as "jump training" or "plyos", are exercises in which muscles exert maximum force in short intervals of time, with the goal of increasing power (speed-strength). This training focuses on learning to move from a muscle extension to a contraction in a rapid or "explosive" manner, such as in specia ... Read »


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    • PNF stretching

    • PNF stretching, or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching, is a set of stretching techniques commonly used in clinical environments to enhance both active and passive range of motion in order to improve motor performance and aid rehabilitation. PNF is considered an optimal stretching method when the aim i ... Read »


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    • Pole dance

    • Pole dance is a form of performing art, historically associated with strip clubs and night clubs, which combines dance and acrobatics centered on a vertical pole. This art form has recently gained popularity as a form of fitness and mainstream entertainment, practised by many enthusiasts in gyms and in dedicated dance ... Read »


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    • Pranayama

    • Prāṇāyāma (Sanskrit: प्राणायाम prāṇāyāma) is a Sanskrit word alternatively translated as "extension of the prāṇa (breath or life force)" or "breath control." The word is composed from two Sanskrit words: prana meaning life force (noted par ... Read »


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    • Prancercise

    • Prancercise is a holistic fitness method based on "a springy, rhythmic way of moving forward, similar to a horse’s gait and ideally induced by elation" created by Joanna Rohrback. It has been compared to the low-impact aerobics that were popularized by 1980s workout videos. Many parodies were created in reaction ... Read »


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    • Prehabilitation

    • Prehabilitation, or pre hab, a form of strength training, aims to prevent injuries before the actual occurrence. Since rotator cuff and elbow injuries, among other things, are common among athletes in a wide range of sports, training the muscles surrounding these vulnerable joints can prevent injuries sustained from re ... Read »


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    • Progressive overload

    • Progressive overload is the gradual increase of stress placed upon the body during exercise training. It was developed by Thomas Delorme, M.D. while he rehabilitated soldiers after World War II. The technique is recognized as a fundamental principle for success in various forms of strength training programs including ... Read »


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    • Radio calisthenics

    • Radio calisthenics (ラジオ体操, rajio taisō?, literally, "radio exercises") refers to warm-up calisthenics popular in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan. In Japan, it is broadcast to music on public NHK radio early in the morning. Rajio taisō were introduced to Japan in 1928 as a commemorat ... Read »


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    • Rating of perceived exertion

    • In sports and particularly exercise testing, the rating of perceived exertion (RPE), as measured by the Borg rating of perceived exertion scale (RPE scale), is a frequently used quantitative measure of perceived exertion during physical activity. In medicine this is used to document the patient's exertion during a test ... Read »


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    • Ratzeburg Test

    • The Ratzeburg Test was a test used to gauge the suitability of individuals for international competitive junior rowing prior to the use of indoor rowing machines for selection. The test was originally developed by the "Academy of Ratzeburg rowing", Germany in 1971. It was employed by the Great Britain Junior rowing tea ... Read »


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    • Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR

    • Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR (Russian: «Готов к труду и обороне СССР» Gotov k trudu i oborone SSSR), abbreviated as GTO (Russian: ГТО) was the All-Union physical culture training programme, introduced in the USSR on March 11 ... Read »


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    • Rebound exercise

    • Rebound exercise (or “Rebounding”) is a type of elastically leveraged low-impact exercise usually performed on a device known as a rebounder—sometimes called a "mini-trampoline"—which is directly descended from regular sports or athletic trampolines. Some of the basic movements and actions of rebou ... Read »


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    • Riding school bus

    • A riding school bus is a group of schoolchildren supervised by one or more adults, riding pedal cycles along a set route, picking kids up at "bus stops" along the way until they all arrive at school. Riding school buses are similar to walking bus programs. Like a traditional bus, riding school buses (also known as RSBs ... Read »


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    • Russian twist

    • The Russian Twist is a type of exercise that is used to work the abdominal muscles by performing a twisting motion on the abdomen. The exercise is believed by those who practice it to build explosiveness in the upper torso, which may help in sports such as tennis, swimming, baseball, track & field, hockey, golf, lacros ... Read »


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    • Scaption

    • Scaption is an abbreviation for Scapular Plane Elevation. The term does not denote whether the elevation is with an internal, external or neutral rotation. The term is widely used in sports training, occupational therapy, and physical therapy. The term was first made public in a 1991 publication of the American Journa ... Read »


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    • Sex diet

    • A sex diet is a lifestyle which maximizes the health benefits of regular sex. It is not technically a diet in the sense of a food-based regimen, but colloquially one in the sense of a system meant to improve ones health. It has been popularized by media attention from celebrities such as Kim Kardashian and Cameron Diaz ... Read »


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    • Sexercise

    • Sexercise (it is referred to by some as eroticise) is physical exercise performed in preparation for sexual activity and designed to tone, build, and strengthen muscles. Sexercises are often performed as part of a sex diet lifestyle, which seeks to maximize the health benefits of regular sexual activity. Exercise is kn ... Read »


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    • Shazzy Fitness

    • Shazzy Fitness is a Christian centered dance fitness DVD series. This faith-based startup company was initially created by Kristy McCarley in 2012. Shazzy Fitness is a dance and aerobic workout program. The music in the workout is primarily Christian hip-hop and Christian rock music. Their fitness program is primarily ... Read »


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    • Shovelglove

    • Shovelgloving is a form of physical exercise based around use of a sledgehammer that has been wrapped in a sweater or otherwise padded. The shovelglove is used to perform shoveling, butter churning and wood chopping motions, amongst others. These natural movements are intended to be part of a functional training progra ... Read »


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    • Shuai Shou Gong

    • Shuai Shou Gong (Chinese: 甩手功; pinyin: Shuǎishǒu gōng; literally: "Swinging hand workout") is a hand-swinging exercise pioneered by Taiwan Qigong (气功) Standing with both legs apart at a width roughly equal to that of the shoulder, Shuai Shou Gong involves moving both arms in para ... Read »


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    • Side stitch

    • Side stitch (also called a side ache, a side cramp, a side crampie, a side sticker or simply a stitch) is an intense stabbing pain under the lower edge of the ribcage that occurs while exercising. It is also referred to as exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP). Some people think that this abdominal pain may ... Read »


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    • Sit and Be Fit

    • Sit and Be Fit is a television exercise program for older adults and anyone needing slow gentle movement. The program is broadcast throughout the United States, distributed to public television stations (although not by the Public Broadcasting Service). Sit and Be Fit programs are also available on DVD. The series was ... Read »


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    • Sit-up

    • The sit-up (or curl-up) is an abdominal endurance training exercise commonly performed to strengthen and tone the abdominal muscles. It is similar to a crunch (crunches target the rectus abdominus and also work the external and internal obliques), but sit-ups have a fuller range of motion and condition additional muscl ... Read »


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    • Skinny Bitch Fitness

    • Skinny Bitch Fitness is a series of fitness DVDs from Rory Freedman and Kim Barnouin, authors of the book Skinny Bitch. The DVDs were released in 2008. Skinny Bitch Fitness: Boot Camp is the first in the series. The 50 minute main workout mixes fast-paced, non-stop cardio routines with some stretching and light weight ... Read »


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    • Specialized strength exercise

    • Specialized strength exercises are physical exercises used to develop the physical or psychological qualities that apply directly to a specific sport discipline. These exercises are designed and selected so that the movement and actions closely match those seen in a specific sport. Specialized exercises that promote p ... Read »


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    • SpecTrek

    • SpecTrek is an augmented reality ghost hunting game. The game won second prize in the "Android Developer Challenge II" lifestyle category. SpecTrek was designed to have the user work-out whilst playing the game, the tag line for the game is "protect the world, stay in shape". There are three default games to play, sho ... Read »


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    • Sports Backers

    • Sports Backers is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 and located in Richmond, Virginia at Sports Backers Stadium. The mission of the Sports Backers has expanded from its beginnings as a traditional sports commission for economic development to be focused on increasing physical activity to improve the health of a ... Read »


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    • Sports biomechanics

    • Sports biomechanics is a quantitative based study and analysis of professional athletes and sports' activities in general. It can simply be described as the Physics of Sports. In this subfield of biomechanics the laws of mechanics are applied in order to gain a greater understanding of athletic performance through math ... Read »


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    • Sports periodization

    • Periodization is the systematic planning of athletic or physical training. The aim is to reach the best possible performance in the most important competition of the year. It involves progressive cycling of various aspects of a training program during a specific period. Conditioning programs can use periodization to br ... Read »


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    • Spot reduction

    • Spot reduction refers to the fallacy that fat can be targeted for reduction from a specific area of the body and that it can be achieved through exercise of specific muscles in the desired area, such as exercising the abdominal muscles in an effort to lose weight in or around one's midsection. Advertisers exploit this ... Read »


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    • Squat (exercise)

    • In strength training and fitness, the squat is a compound, full body exercise that trains primarily the muscles of the thighs, hips and buttocks, quadriceps femoris muscle (vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius and rectus femoris), hamstrings, as well as strengthening the bones, ligaments and insertion ... Read »


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    • Static stretching

    • Static stretching is used to stretch muscles while the body is at rest. It is composed of various techniques that gradually lengthen a muscle to an elongated position (to the point of discomfort) and hold that position for 30 seconds. 30 seconds is the minimum duration to get the benefits of stretching, whereas two min ... Read »


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    • Street workout

    • Street workout is a physical activity performed mostly in outdoor parks or public facilities. It originated in Ancient Greece, but became a popular movement in Russia, Eastern Europe, and the United States, especially in New York City and Baltimore's urban neighborhoods. It has now spread all over the world. It is a co ... Read »


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    • Strength training

    • Strength training is a type of physical exercise specializing in the use of resistance to induce muscular contraction which builds the strength, anaerobic endurance, and size of skeletal muscles. When properly performed, strength training can provide significant functional benefits and improvement in overall health an ... Read »


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    • Stretching

    • Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone. The result is a feeling of increased muscle control, flexibility, and range of motion. Stretching is ... Read »


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    • Super Slow

    • Super Slow is a form of strengthening physical exercise (resistance training) popularized by Ken Hutchins. The term SuperSlow and derivative terms are registered by Hutchins as trademarks. Super Slow involves the combination of very slow speeds of lifting and lowering the weight, along with the general principles of th ... Read »


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    • Sweatworking

    • Sweatworking is business networking while taking physical exercise and so working up a sweat. This way of working originated in the USA and started to be promoted in London in 2012, where gyms offered facilities and sessions of this kind. Journalist Lucy Kellaway tried sweatworking with the chairman of Wiggle, Andy Bo ... Read »


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    • Tae Bo

    • Tae Bo is a total body fitness system that incorporates martial arts techniques such as kicks and punches, which became quite popular in the 1990s. It was developed by American Taekwondo practitioner Billy Blanks and was one of the first "cardio-boxing" programs to enjoy commercial success. Such programs use the motion ... Read »


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    • Tangolates

    • Tangolates, also known in Buenos Aires as Tango-Pilates and Pilates-Tango, is a method of conscious, mind-body exercises designed in Buenos Aires by Tamara Di Tella. It is based on certain characteristics of both Tango dancing and Pilates, yet it is different from both. It combines the core stability of Pilates with th ... Read »


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    • Test (assessment)

    • A test or examination (informally, exam or evaluation) is an assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics (e.g., beliefs). A test may be administered verbally, on paper, on a computer, or in a confined area that requires a test taker ... Read »


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    • TriBalance Hot Yoga

    • The TriBalance Yoga Method is a form of hot yoga that integrates aspects of several styles, including Ashtanga Yoga, Iyengar Yoga, Yin yoga, and therapeutic yoga. The style emphasizes mind-body-spirit union and action meditation. One concept behind the TriBalance Method is self-discipline and modernization of an ancie ... Read »


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    • Vacuum exercise

    • The vacuum exercise is an exercise which involves contracting some internal abdominal muscles, primarily the transverse abdominal muscle, and not as much the diaphragm, the "six pack" muscles or "abs" which are trained through crunches, leg raises, or other core exercises. Repetitions of the exercise may be used as a ... Read »


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    • Vaginal weightlifting

    • Vaginal weightlifting is the term encompassing strength training exercises using the contraction of pelvic floor muscles to lift an object inserted in the vagina. Vaginal weightlifting may utilise specialised equipment such as weighted vaginal cones, yoni eggs or jade eggs. Vaginal cones, developed by Plevnik et a ... Read »


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    • Vascular occlusion training

    • Vascular occlusion training (VOT) or muscle occlusion training (also called blood flow restriction training abbreviated BFR training is an exercise approach involving compression of the vasculature proximal to the exercising muscles to reduce venous return from the limb, which causes venous pooling. Longer terms also i ... Read »


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    • VERB (program)

    • VERB was a physical activity program of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States Government. It included print, online, and television national paid advertising, running them on popular children's channels and popular children's magazines, for example. It ran from 2002 to 2006. The main goal o ... Read »


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    • Viparita Karani

    • Viparita Karani (Sanskrit: विपरीतकरणी ; IAST: viparÄ«takaraṇī) literally Upside-Down is considered alternately as an asana or a mudra in haá¹­ha yoga. The name comes from the Sanskrit words viparita meaning "inverted" or "reversed", and karani meaning ... Read »


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    • Warming up

    • Warming up is performed before a performance or practice. Athletes, singers, actors and others warm up before stressing their muscles. it prepares the muscles for vigorous actions. A warm up generally consists of a gradual increase in intensity in physical activity (a "pulse raiser"), joint mobility exercise, and ... Read »


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    • Weight cutting

    • Weight cutting is the practice of fast weight loss prior to a sporting competition. It most frequently happens in order to qualify for a lower weight class (usually in combat sports, where weight is a significant advantage) or in sports where it is advantageous to weigh as little as possible (most notably equestrian sp ... Read »


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    • Weight training

    • Weight training is a common type of strength training for developing the strength and size of skeletal muscles. It utilizes the force of gravity in the form of weighted bars, dumbbells or weight stacks in order to oppose the force generated by muscle through concentric or eccentric contraction. Weight training uses a v ... Read »


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    • Weighted clothing

    • Weighted clothing is clothing that adds weight to various parts of the body, usually as part of resistance training. The effect is achieved through attaching weighted pieces to the body (or to other garments) which leave the hands free to grasp objects. Unlike with held weights or machines, weighted clothing can leave ... Read »


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    • Whole body vibration

    • Whole body vibration (WBV) is a generic term used where any vibration of any frequency is transferred to the human body. Vibration training on the other hand is a discipline where varying frequencies/amplitudes/forces will be transferred into separate body parts using precise joint angles for any limited time (approxim ... Read »


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    • World Fit

    • World Fit Foundation

      World Fit is a program of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC), and the United States Olympians and Paralympians Association (USOP) to promote Physical fitness and the Olympic Games ideals to school children through kids fitness programs, school fitness programs, and childhood obesity programs. World Fit is part ... Read »


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    • WWE Workout Series

    • WWE Workout Series is a series of fitness workouts by WWE, released on December 2, 2014 on DVD in Region 1. The Workout Series was designed by Joe DeFranco and based on similar workouts he designed for Paul Levesque (better known as Triple H) and Stephanie McMahon. Unlike other WWE Home Video releases, the Workout Seri ... Read »


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    • XBX

    • The XBX (Ten Basic Exercises) Plan is an exercise program developed for the Royal Canadian Air Force for women. The program consists of charts that get progressively more difficult, and takes 12 minutes per day after users get past the beginning levels. ... Read »


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    • The Y Plan

    • The Y Plan is an exercise programme devised by Lesley Mowbray and Jill Gaskell for the London YMCA, and very popular in United Kingdom during the 1990s. Choreographed by [Jane S. Linter] Emphasising short but regular workouts without any specialist equipment, the first book based on the programme, titled The Y Plan, wa ... Read »


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    • Yoga

    • Yoga (/ˈjoʊɡə/;Sanskrit, योग Listen) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. There is a broad variety of Yoga schools, practices, and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Among the most well-known types of yoga are Hatha y ... Read »


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    • Yogi Haider

    • Yogi Haider born Shamshad Haider is a yoga teacher living in Pakistan. He is the founder of Yoga Pakistan (http://yogihaider.org) (https://www.facebook.com/yogapakistan/) and Way of Nature (http://wonfoundation.com/) through which he teaches yoga and meditation. He studied yoga in Burma, Tibet, Nepal and India, includi ... Read »


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    • Zero Time Exercise

    • Zero Time Exercise is a new concept to promote exercise. It is advocated by FAMILY: A Jockey Club Initiative for a Harmonious Society (“FAMILY Project”), a project jointly organised by the School of Public Health of The University of Hong Kong and The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust. On 2015 May 14 ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Physical exercise

Extras