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  • Obesity

    Obesity

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    • Obesity by country

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    • Anti-obesity activists

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    • Childhood obesity

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    • Documentary films about obesity

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    • Fat acceptance movement

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    • Fat fetishism

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    • Management of obesity

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    • Medical conditions related to obesity

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    • Obesity in the Pacific

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    • Obesity organizations

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    • Obesity researchers

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    • Works about obesity

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    • Obesity

    • Obesity

      Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, is over 70022941995000000 ... Read »


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    • Abdominal obesity

    • Abdominal obesity

      Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. There is a strong correlation between central obesity and cardiovascular disease. Abdominal obesity is not confined only to t ... Read »


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    • Added sugar

    • Added sugars are sugar carbohydrates (caloric sweeteners) added to food and beverages during their production (industrial processing). This type of sugar is chemically indistinguishable from naturally occurring sugars, but the term "added sugar" has become increasingly used in nutrition and medicine to help identify fo ... Read »


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    • Adiponectin

    • Adiponectin

      4DOU 9370 11450 ENSG00000181092 ENSMUSG00000022878 Q15848 Q60994 NM_001177800NM_004797 NM_009605 NP_001171271NP_004788 NP_033735.3NP_033735 Adiponectin (also referred to as GBP-28, apM1, AdipoQ and Acrp30) is a protein which in humans is encoded by the ADIPOQ gene. It is involved in regulating glucose levels ... Read »


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    • Adipose tissue

    • In biology, adipose tissue i/ˈædᵻˌpoʊs/, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes. In addition to adipocytes, adipose tissue contains the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of cells including preadipocytes, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells and a variety of ... Read »


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    • Adipose tissue macrophages

    • Adipose tissue macrophages (abbr. ATMs) comprise tissue resident macrophages present in adipose tissue. Adipose tissue apart from adipocytes is composed of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of cells including preadipocytes, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells and variety of immune cells. The latter ones are compo ... Read »


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    • Adiposopathy

    • Adiposopathy (or sick fat) refers to certain classes of dysfunction of fat cells. The dysfunctions in question may contribute to many of the adverse metabolic conditions associated with obesity and the associated metabolic syndrome. Currently, no accepted diagnostic criteria exist for adiposopathy. Although medica ... Read »


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    • Agouti-related peptide

    • Agouti-related peptide

      1HYK, 1MR0 181 11604 ENSG00000159723 ENSMUSG00000005705 O00253 P56473 NM_001138 NM_001271806NM_007427 NP_001129 NP_001258735.1NP_031453.1NP_001258735NP_031453 Agouti-related protein (AgRP), also called agouti-related peptide, is a neuropeptide produced in the brain by the AgRP/NPY neuron. It is synthesised o ... Read »


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    • Android fat distribution

    • Android fat distribution describes the distribution of human adipose tissue mainly around the trunk and upper body, in areas such as the abdomen, chest, shoulder and nape of the neck. This pattern may lead to an "apple-shaped" body or central obesity, and is more common in males than in females. Thus, the android fat d ... Read »


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    • Anti Obesity Day

    • Anti-Obesity Day (AOD) is observed in various parts of the world on November 26, with several healthcare organizations and leading Media primarily in India and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries marking the day with activities to highlight how Obesity is a public health hazard. In 2001, the Indian Wellness b ... Read »


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    • Anti-fat bias

    • Anti-fat bias refers to the prejudicial assumption of personality characteristics based on a visual assessment of a person as being obese. Fat activists allege anti-fat bias can be found in many facets of society, and blame the media for the pervasiveness of this phenomenon. Anti-fat bias leads people to associate ... Read »


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    • Atkins diet

    • The Atkins diet, also known as the Atkins nutritional approach, is a low-carbohydrate diet promoted by Robert Atkins and inspired by a research paper he read in The Journal of the American Medical Association. The paper entitled "Weight Reduction" was published by Alfred W. Pennington in 1958. The Atkins diet is class ... Read »


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    • Australian paradox

    • The Australian Paradox is a term coined in 2011 to describe what its proponents claim are diverging trends in sugar consumption and obesity rates in Australia. The term was first used in a 2011 study published in Nutrients by Jennie Brand-Miller, in which she and co-author Alan Barclay reported that, in Australia, "a s ... Read »


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    • Bariatric ambulance

    • A bariatric ambulance is an ambulance vehicle modified to carry the severely obese. They have extra-wide interiors, and carry "bariatric stretchers" and specialized lifting gear that is capable of carrying very large patients. They are required as a result of the increasing prevalence of obesity in the general populati ... Read »


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    • Bariatrics

    • Bariatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity. The term bariatrics was coined around 1965, from the Greek root bar- ("weight" as in barometer), suffix -iatr ("treatment," as in pediatrics), and suffix -ic ("pertaining to"). The field encompasses dieting, exer ... Read »


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    • The Biggest Loser

    • The Biggest Loser is a reality television show which started in the United States in 2004. The show centers on overweight and obese contestants attempting to lose the most weight and to fight for a cash prize. There are different variations of The Biggest Loser around the world. Each country has made its own adaptation ... Read »


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    • The Biggest Loser Australia (season 9)

    • The ninth season of the Australian version of the original NBC reality television series The Biggest Loser, known as The Biggest Loser Australia: Challenge Australia, premiered on 19 January 2014 on Network Ten. This season saw the trainers head to Ararat, Victoria, which at the time of filming was Victoria's fattest t ... Read »


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    • Body adiposity index

    • The body adiposity index (BAI) is a method of measuring the amount of body fat in humans. The BAI is calculated without using body weight, unlike the body mass index (BMI). Instead, it uses the size of the hips compared to the person's height. Based on population studies, the BAI is approximately equal to the percenta ... Read »


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    • Body volume index

    • The Body Volume Index (BVI) is a new measurement for obesity, proposed as an alternative and enhancement to the body mass index (BMI). People of different age, gender or ethnicity will have different body shapes, with different weight distribution and recent studies have highlighted the limitations of BMI as an indica ... Read »


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    • Eric Cartman

    • Eric Cartman

      Eric Theodore Cartman is one of the main characters in the animated television series South Park, created by Matt Stone and Trey Parker, and voiced by Trey Parker. Cartman, generally referred to by his surname, is one of four central characters in South Park, along with his friends Stan Marsh, Kyle Broflovski, and Kenn ... Read »


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    • Childhood obesity

    • Childhood obesity

      Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is often based on BMI. Due to the rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it is being recognize ... Read »


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    • Ciberobn

    • The Spanish Biomedical Research Centre in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición: CIBERObn, www.ciberobn.com) is a public research consortium which was founded on November 28, 2006 financed by the Instituto de Salud Car ... Read »


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    • Cigarette smoking for weight loss

    • Cigarette smoking for weight loss is a practice dating to early knowledge of nicotine as an appetite suppressant. Tobacco use was associated with appetite suppression among pre-Columbian indigenous Americans and old world Europeans. For decades, tobacco companies have employed these connections between slimness and sm ... Read »


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    • Classification of childhood weight

    • Defining the parameters for childhood obesity has created substantial public awareness over the past decades. Stuart/Meredith Growth Charts were among the earliest growth charts widely used in the United States but were limited by not being representative of the entire US pediatric population. Consequently, the nee ... Read »


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    • Classification of obesity

    • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health. Relative weight and body mass index (BMI) are nearly identical and are reasonable estimates of body fatness as measured by percentage body fat. However, BMI does not account for the wide variat ... Read »


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    • Comfort food

    • Comfort food is food that provides a nostalgic or sentimental value to someone, and may be characterized by its high caloric nature, high carbohydrate level, or simple preparation. The nostalgia may be specific to an individual, or it may apply to a specific culture. The term comfort food has been traced back at l ... Read »


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    • Criticism of fast food

    • Criticism of fast food includes claimed negative health effects, alleged animal cruelty, cases of worker exploitation, and claims of cultural degradation via shifts in people's eating patterns away from traditional foods. Fast food chains have come under fire from consumer groups, such as the Center for Science in the ... Read »


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    • Diet and obesity

    • Diet plays an important role in the genesis of obesity. Personal choices, advertising, social customs and cultural influences, as well as food availability and pricing all play a role in determining what and how much an individual eats. The dietary energy supply is the food available for human consumption, usually ... Read »


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    • Diet-induced obese

    • The Diet-Induced Obesity model (DIO model) is an animal model that studies obesity, caused by being fed high-fat and/or high-density diets, imitating the food we see so readily available in society today. Typically mice, rats, dogs or non-human primates are used in these models. These animals can then be used to study ... Read »


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    • Dietary energy supply

    • The dietary energy supply is the food available for human consumption, usually expressed in kilocalories or kilojoules per person per day. It gives an overestimate of the total amount of food consumed as it reflects both food consumed and food wasted. It varies markedly between different regions and countries of the wo ... Read »


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    • Dieting

    • Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight. In other words, it is conscious control or restriction of the diet. A restricted diet is often used by those who are overweight or obese, sometimes in combination with physical exercise, to reduc ... Read »


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    • Eman Ahmed

    • Eman Ahmed Abd El Aty (born c. 1980) is considered to be the heaviest living woman in the world and the second heaviest woman in history (after Carol Yager). Her initial weight was 504 kg. Abd El Aty is Egyptian. Her family has stated that she weighed 5kg (11 pounds) at birth. Suffering from a thyroid proble ... Read »


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    • Empty sella syndrome

    • Empty sella syndrome

      Empty sella syndrome (abbreviated ESS) is where the pituitary gland shrinks or becomes flattened, filling the sella turcica, with cerebrospinal fluid on imaging instead of the normal pituitary. ESS can be found in the workup of pituitary disorders, or as an incidental finding when imaging the brain. There are two ... Read »


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    • Epidemiology of childhood obesity

    • Prevalence of childhood obesity has increased dramatically worldwide. A Lancet article published in 2010 that the prevalence of childhood obesity during the past two to three decades, much like the United States, has increased in most other industrialized nations, excluding Russia and Poland. Between the early 1970s an ... Read »


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    • Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome

    • This article provides a global overview of the current trends and distribution of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome (also known as the cardiometabolic syndrome) refers to a cluster of related risk factors for cardiovascular disease that includes abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and elevated cholesterol. ... Read »


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    • Epidemiology of obesity

    • Obesity has been observed throughout human history. Many early depictions of the human form in art and sculpture appear obese. However, it was not until the 20th century that obesity became common—so much so that in 1997 the World Health Organization (WHO) formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic. In June ... Read »


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    • Exercise trends

    • Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work. This has been accompanied by increasing use of mechanized transportation, a greater prevalence of labor saving technology in the home, and less active recreational pursuits. At least 31% of the world's population does not get sufficient phys ... Read »


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    • FABP2

    • FABP2

      1KZW, 1KZX, 2MJI, 2MO5, 3AKM, 3IFB 2169 14079 ENSG00000145384 ENSMUSG00000023057 P12104 P55050 NM_000134 NM_007980 NP_000125 NP_032006.1NP_032006 Fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) also known as Intestinal-type fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FABP2 gene. ... Read »


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    • Fat acceptance movement

    • The fat acceptance movement (also known as the size acceptance, fat liberation, fat activism, fativism, or fat power movement) is a social movement seeking to change anti-fat bias in social attitudes. Areas of contention include the aesthetic, legal, and medical approaches to people whose bodies are fatter than the soc ... Read »


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    • Fat Camp (South Park)

    • "Fat Camp" is the fifteenth episode of the fourth season of the animated television series South Park, and the 63rd episode of the series overall. "Fat Camp" originally aired in the United States on December 6, 2000 on Comedy Central. This is also one of the few episodes before "Kenny Dies" in which Kenny does not actu ... Read »


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    • Fat fetishism

    • Fat fetishism is sexual attraction to overweight or obese people. A variety of fat fetishism is feederism or gaining, where sexual gratification is obtained not from the fat itself but from the process of gaining, or helping others gain, body fat. Fat fetishism also incorporates stuffing and padding, whereas the focus ... Read »


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    • The Fat Suit Study

    • The fat suit study is an experiment which looks at how the weight of an eating companion influences the amount of food and the healthfulness of the eating behavior of those eating with that person. It is known that eating with other people. as well as looking at the picture of an overweight individual before eating af ... Read »


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    • Food addiction

    • A food addiction or eating addiction is a behavioral addiction that is characterized by the compulsive consumption of palatable (e.g., high fat and high sugar) foods – the types of food which markedly activate the reward system in humans and other animals – despite adverse consequences. Psychological d ... Read »


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    • Gastric bypass surgery

    • Gastric bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower "remnant" pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both. Surgeons have developed several different ways to reconnect the intestine, thus leading to several differe ... Read »


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    • Genetics of obesity

    • Like many other medical conditions, obesity is the result of an interplay between environmental and genetic factors. Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to weight gain and body fat distribution; although, only in a few cases are genes the primary cause of obesity. Polymorphisms in var ... Read »


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    • Ghrelin

    • 1P7X 51738 58991 ENSG00000157017 ENSMUSG00000064177 Q9UBU3 Q9EQX0 NM_001302822NM_001302823NM_001302824NM_001302825NM_016362 NM_021488NM_001286404NM_001286405NM_001286406 NP_001289751NP_001289752NP_001289753NP_001289754NP_057446 ... Read »


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    • Gluttony

    • Gluttony (Latin: gula), derived from the Latin gluttire meaning to gulp down or swallow, means over-indulgence and over-consumption of food, drink, or wealth items. In Christianity, it is considered a sin if the excessive desire for food causes it to be withheld from the needy. Some Christian denominations consider gl ... Read »


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    • Headless fatty

    • Headless fatty is a term coined by activist Charlotte Cooper which refers to photographs or video of anonymous fat people used in news media stories about obesity. The term was created in 2007 when Cooper first noticed the trend in anxiety-laden news coverage of the Global Obesity Epidemic and the War on Obesity. A "he ... Read »


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    • Health at Every Size

    • Health at Every Size (HAES) is a theory advanced by certain sectors of the fat acceptance movement. It is promoted by the Association for Size Diversity and Health, which owns the phrase as a registered trademark. Its main tenet involves rejection of the scientific consensus regarding the link between excessive calorie ... Read »


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    • List of the heaviest people

    • This is a list of the heaviest people recorded. The table includes each person's name, peak weight, their birth date, and years of life. This list is limited to those individuals who weighed over 440 kg (970 lb; 69 st 4 lb). ... Read »


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    • Hogging (sexual practice)

    • Hogging or sweat hogging refers to the practice of groups of men who target overweight or obese women, typically for sexual encounters. Unlike fat fetishists, men who participate in hogging are not necessarily sexually attracted to obese women's bodies; they aim to take advantage of a female's stereotypical low self-es ... Read »


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    • HOPE curriculum

    • The Health and Obesity: Prevention and Education (HOPE) curriculum is a program designed to teach existing and future pediatric clinicians about childhood obesity and the steps to teach patients and their families to live a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent obesity. The programs goals are to raise awareness for hea ... Read »


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    • Hydrostatic weighing

    • Hydrostatic weighing, also referred to as "underwater weighing," "hydrostatic body composition analysis," and "hydrodensitometry," is a technique for measuring the mass per unit volume of a living person's body. It is a direct application of Archimedes' principle, that an object displaces its own volume of water. ... Read »


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    • Infectobesity

    • The term "infectobesity" refers to obesity of infectious origin and the emerging field of medical research that studies the relationship between pathogens (disease-causing organisms, such as viruses and bacteria) and weight gain. The term was coined in 2001 by Dr. Nikhil V. Dhurandhar, at the Pennington Biomedical Rese ... Read »


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    • International Size Acceptance Association

    • The International Size Acceptance Association (ISAA) is a United States based non-governmental organization (NGO) aimed at advancing fat acceptance, directed by Allen Steadham. Unlike the National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA), the organisation has an international slant, and has several overseas branch ... Read »


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    • KE diet

    • KE diet also known as Feeding Tube Diet is a fad diet in which an individual feeds a proprietary mixture through a feeding tube for a specific number of days. The dieter does not eat anything while on the diet. It has also been called the "Feeding Tube" diet in the United States. The diet carries several serious medic ... Read »


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    • Khalid Bin Mohsen Shaari

    • Khalid bin Mohsen Shaari (born 1991) is a Saudi Arabian man who in August 2013 was found to be the heaviest person on the planet and the second-heaviest person in recorded history at 610 kg (1,340 lb), behind Jon Brower Minnoch. He also had a BMI of 204, the highest ever recorded. He was ordered by King Abdullah ... Read »


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    • King-Size Homer

    • King-Size Homer

      Joan Kenley as the telephone lady "King-Size Homer" is the seventh episode of The Simpsons' seventh season. It originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on November 5, 1995. In the episode, Homer despises the nuclear plant's new exercise program, and decides to gain 61 pounds (28 kg) in order to clai ... Read »


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    • Leblouh

    • Leblouh (lebluh) is the practice of force-feeding girls from as young as five to teenagers, in Mauritania, Western Sahara, and southern Morocco, where obesity was traditionally regarded as desirable. Especially prevalent in rural areas and having its roots in Tuareg tradition, leblouh is practiced to increase chances o ... Read »


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    • Leptin

    • Leptin

      1AX8 3952 16846 ENSG00000174697 ENSMUSG00000059201 P41159 P41160 NM_000230 NM_008493 NP_000221 NP_032519.1NP_032519 Leptin (from Greek λεπτός leptos, "thin"), the "satiety hormone", is a hormone made by adipose cells that helps to regulate energy balance by inhibiting hunger. Leptin is oppo ... Read »


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    • Lipase inhibitors

    • Lipase inhibitors are substances used to reduce the activity of lipases found in the intestine. Lipases are secreted by the pancreas when fat is present. The primary role of lipase inhibitors is to decrease the gastrointestinal absorption of fats. Fats then tend to be excreted in feces rather than being absorbed to be ... Read »


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    • List of countries by Body Mass Index (BMI)

    • This page serves as a partial list of countries by adult mean body weight and incidence of obese and overweight populations as calculated by body mass index. The data for 2014 was first published by the World Health Organisation in 2015. Mean Body Mass Index (BMI) provides a simplified measure of the comparative ... Read »


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    • List of diets

    • An individual's diet is the sum of food and drink that he or she habitually consumes. Dieting is the practice of attempting to achieve or maintain a certain weight through diet. People's dietary choices are often affected by a variety of factors, including ethical and religious beliefs, clinical need, or a desire to co ... Read »


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    • A Matter of Size

    • A Matter of Size (Hebrew: סיפור גדול‎‎, Sipur Gadol, lit: "A Big Story") is a 2009 Israeli film. ... Read »


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    • Metabolically healthy obesity

    • Metabolically healthy obesity or metabolically-healthy obesity (MHO) is a debatable medical condition characterized by obesity which does not produce metabolic complications. No universally accepted criteria exist to define putative MHO, but definitions generally require the patient to be obese and to lack metabol ... Read »


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    • Mindless Eating

    • Mindless Eating: Why We Eat More Than We Think

      Available in Portuguese, Danish, Japanese, Dutch, Chinese, German, Hebrew, Mindless Eating: Why We Eat More Than We Think is a nonfiction book by Cornell University consumer behavior professor Brian Wansink. Based upon award-winning research discoveries at the Cornell Food and Brand Lab, the book was cited by the Nati ... Read »


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    • Muffin top

    • A muffin-top (or "muffin top") is a slang term typically used to describe a man or woman's skin or body fat that is visible above the waistline of pants or skirts because of tight clothing. The term is a reference to the way a muffin appears when it has been baked in a muffin tin, in which the top of a muffin is wider ... Read »


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    • National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance

    • The National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA) is a non-profit, civil-rights organization in the United States dedicated to improving the quality of life for the obese. NAAFA works to eliminate discrimination based on body size and provide fat people with the tools for self-empowerment through public educat ... Read »


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    • National Physical Activity Guidelines

    • The National Physical Activity Guidelines are a set of guidelines set up by the Australian government due to the increase of obesity within the Australian Nation, and due to the increasing medical bills from obesity related diseases such as Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Strokes and other deadly diseases. The ... Read »


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    • Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase

    • Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase

      2E5B, 2E5C, 2E5D, 2GVG, 2GVJ, 3DGR, 3DHD, 3DHF, 3DKJ, 3DKL, 4JNM, 4JR5, 4KFN, 4KFO, 4KFP, 4L4L, 4L4M, 4LTS, 4LV9, 4LVA, 4LVB, 4LVD, 4LVF, 4LVG, 4LWW, 4M6P, 4M6Q, 4N9B, 4N9C, 4N9D, 4N9E, 4O0Z, 4O10, 4O12, 4O13, 4O14, 4O15, 4O16, 4O17, 4O18, 4O19, 4O1A, 4O1B, 4O1C, 4O1D, 4O28, 4WQ6 ... Read »


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    • Normal weight obesity

    • Normal weight obesity is a condition of having normal body weight, but high body fat percentages with the same health risks of obesity. Obesity represents a global public health problem and is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and reduced lifespan. The BMI-based classification of obesity do not adequate ... Read »


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    • Obesity and fertility

    • Obesity is defined as an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight. This is often described as a body mass index (BMI) over 30. However, BMI does not account for whether the excess weight is fat or muscle, and is not a measure of body composition. For most people, how ... Read »


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    • Obesity and the environment

    • Obesity and the environment aims to look at the different environmental factors that have been determined by researchers to cause and perpetuate obesity. Studies have shown that obesity has become increasingly prevalent in both people and animals such as pets and laboratory animals. There have been no linkages fou ... Read »


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    • Obesity and walking

    • Obesity and walking describes how the locomotion of walking differs between an obese individual (BMI >30) and a non-obese individual (BMI <25 kg/m2). The prevalence of obesity is becoming a worldwide problem, with the American population leading the way. In 2007-2008, prevalence rates for obesity among adult America ... Read »


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    • Obesity-associated morbidity

    • Obesity is an important risk factor for many chronic physical and mental illnesses that people suffer from. The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. Obesity is associated with cardiovascular diseases including angina and myocardial infa ... Read »


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    • Obesity in pets

    • Obesity in pets is common in many countries. Rates of overweight and obesity in dogs in the United States ranges from 23% to 41% with about 5.1% obese. Rates of obesity in cats was slightly higher at 6.4%. In Australia, the rate of obesity among dogs in a veterinary setting has been found to be 7.6%. The risk of obesit ... Read »


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    • Obesity medicine

    • Obesity medicine is a field of medicine dedicated to the comprehensive treatment of patients with obesity. Obesity medicine takes into account the multi-factorial etiology of obesity in which behavior, development, environment, epigenetic, genetic, nutrition, physiology, and psychosocial contributors play a role. As ti ... Read »


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    • Obesity paradox

    • The obesity paradox is a medical hypothesis which holds that obesity (and high cholesterol, when the more global term reverse epidemiology is used) may, counterintuitively, be protective and associated with greater survival in certain groups of people, such as very elderly individuals or those with certain chronic dise ... Read »


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    • Obesity treatments and medical research

    • Management of obesity can include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery. The main treatment for obesity consists of dieting and physical exercise. Diet programs may produce weight loss over the short term, but maintaining this weight loss is frequently difficult and often requires making exercise and a lower calor ... Read »


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    • Obesogen

    • Obesogens are foreign chemical compounds that disrupt normal development and balance of lipid metabolism, which in some cases, can lead to obesity. Obesogens may be functionally defined as chemicals that inappropriately alter lipid homeostasis and fat storage, change metabolic setpoints, disrupt energy balance or modif ... Read »


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    • Obestatin

    • Obestatin

      Obestatin is a hormone that is produced in specialized epithelial cells of the stomach and small intestine of several mammals including humans. Obestatin was originally identified as an anorectic peptide, but its effect on food intake remains controversial. Obestatin was discovered using a bioinformatics approach: ... Read »


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    • Overeaters Anonymous

    • Overeaters Anonymous (OA) is a twelve-step program for people with problems related to food including, but not limited to, compulsive overeaters, those with binge eating disorder, bulimics and anorexics. Anyone with a problematic relationship with food is welcomed, as OA's Third Tradition states that the only requireme ... Read »


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    • Parental obesity

    • Maternal obesity refers to obesity (often including being overweight) of a woman during pregnancy. Parental obesity refers to obesity of either parent during pregnancy. Maternal obesity has a significant impact on maternal metabolism and offspring development.Insulin resistance, glucose homeostasis, fat oxidation and ... Read »


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    • Peptide YY

    • Peptide YY

      2L60, 2DEZ, 2DF0 5697 217212 ENSG00000131096 ENSMUSG00000017311 P10082 Q9EPS2 NM_004160 NM_145435NM_001346771 NP_004151 NP_663410.1NP_001333700NP_663410 Peptide YY (PYY) also known as peptide tyrosine tyrosine or pancreatic peptide YY3-36 is a peptide that in humans is encoded by the PYY gene. Peptide YY is ... Read »


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    • Psychological aspects of childhood obesity

    • Childhood obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) at or above the 96th percentile for children of the same age and sex. It can cause a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, breathing problems, sleeping problems, and joint problems later in life. Chil ... Read »


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    • Resistin

    • Resistin

      1LV6 56729 57264 ENSG00000104918 ENSMUSG00000012705 Q9HD89 Q99P87 NM_020415NM_001193374 NM_001204959NM_022984 NP_001180303NP_065148 NP_001191888.1NP_075360.1NP_001191888NP_075360 Resistin also known as adipose tissue-specific secretory factor (ADSF) or C/EBP-epsilon-regulated myeloid-specific secreted cystei ... Read »


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    • Sagittal abdominal diameter

    • Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) is a measure of visceral obesity, the amount of fat in the gut region. SAD is the distance from the small of the back to the upper abdomen. SAD may be measured when standing or supine. SAD may be measured at any point from the narrowest point between the last rib and the iliac crests t ... Read »


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    • Samsø Højskole


    • Schofield equation

    • The Schofield Equation is a method of estimating the basal metabolic rate (BMR) of adult men and women published in 1985. This is the equation used by the WHO in their technical report series. The equation that is recommended to estimate BMR by the US Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation ... Read »


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    • Screen time

    • Screen time is the amount of time spent using a device such as a computer, television, or video game console. It can be an element of a sedentary lifestyle. The term screen time has been usually referred to in a negative context as the AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) advises parents to limit the screen time f ... Read »


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    • Sedentary lifestyle

    • A sedentary lifestyle is a type of lifestyle with no or irregular physical activity. A person who lives a sedentary lifestyle may colloquially be known as a couch potato. It is commonly found in both the developed and developing world. Sedentary activities include sitting, reading, socialising, watching television, pla ... Read »


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    • Selfish brain theory

    • The “Selfish Brain” theory describes the characteristic of the human brain to cover its own, comparably high energy requirements with the utmost of priorities when regulating energy fluxes in the organism. The brain behaves selfishly in this respect. The "Selfish brain" theory amongst other things provides a ... Read »


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    • Sleeve gastrectomy

    • Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical weight-loss procedure in which the stomach is reduced to about 15% of its original size, by surgical removal of a large portion of the stomach along the greater curvature. The result is a sleeve or tube like structure. The procedure permanently reduces the size of the stomach, although ... Read »


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    • Social determinants of obesity

    • While genetic influences are important to understanding obesity, they cannot explain the current dramatic increase seen within specific countries or globally.[1] It is accepted that calorie consumption in excess of calorie expenditure leads to obesity, however what has caused shifts in these two factors on a global sca ... Read »


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    • Social stigma of obesity

    • The social stigma of obesity has created negative psychosocial impacts and has caused disadvantages for overweight and obese people. The social stigma can span one's entire life, as long as the excess weight is present, starting from a young age and lasting into adulthood. Several studies from across the world (e.g., U ... Read »


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    • StomaphyX

    • StomaphyX is an endoscopic suturing system designed to treat patients who have had previous Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Following this surgery, the stomach pouch and stomach outlet (stoma) becomes enlarged in some patients. The StomaphyX device can be used to restrict the size of the stoma without exposing the pa ... Read »


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    • Sugary drinks tax

    • A sugary drinks tax or soda tax is a tax or surcharge designed to reduce consumption of drinks with added sugar. Drinks covered under a soda tax often include, carbonated drinks, uncarbonated drinks, sports drinks and energy drinks. The tax is a matter of public debate in many countries and beverage producers like Coc ... Read »


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    • Thrifty gene hypothesis

    • The thrifty gene hypothesis, or Gianfranco's hypothesis is an attempt by geneticist James V. Neel to explain why certain populations and subpopulations in the modern day are prone to diabetes mellitus type 2. He proposed the hypothesis in 1962 to resolve a fundamental problem: diabetes is clearly a very harmful medical ... Read »


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    • Thrifty phenotype

    • The thrifty phenotype hypothesis says that reduced fetal growth is strongly associated with a number of chronic conditions later in life. This increased susceptibility results from adaptations made by the fetus in an environment limited in its supply of nutrients. The thrifty phenotype is a component of the Fetal Origi ... Read »


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    • TOFI

    • TOFI,thin-outside-fat-inside is used to describe lean individuals with a disproportionate amount of fat (adipose tissue) stored within their abdomen. The figure to illustrate this shows two men, both aged 35 years, with a BMI of 25 kg/m2. Despite their similar size, the TOFI had 5.86 litres of internal fat, whilst t ... Read »


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    • TOPS Club

    • TOPS Club, Inc.

      TOPS Club, Inc. is a non-profit charitable corporation based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, having members in chapters located worldwide, the majority of them in the United States and Canada. Its twofold objective is to sponsor research and foster support groups in human body weight control. Most members refer ... Read »


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    • Trim and Fit

    • The Trim and Fit (TAF) programme was a weight loss programme that targeted child obesity in Singapore schools between 1992 and 2007. Introduced by the Ministry of Education, schoolchildren under the programme were educated on nutrition, calorie control, and participated in intense physical exercise and activities. ... Read »


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    • Very low calorie diet

    • Very low calorie diet (VLCD) is a diet with very or extremely low daily food energy consumption. It is defined as a diet of 800 kilocalories (3,300 kJ) per day or less. VLCDs are formulated, nutritionally complete, liquid meals containing 800 kilocalories or less per day. VLCDs also contain the recommended daily req ... Read »


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    • Waist-to-height ratio

    • A person's waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), also called waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), is defined as their waist circumference divided by their height, both measured in the same units. The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat. Higher values of WHtR indicate higher risk of obesity-related cardiovascular disease ... Read »


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    • Waistland

    • Waistland

      Waistland: The R/evolutionary Science Behind Our Weight and Fitness Crisis is a book by Harvard psychologist Deirdre Barrett published by W. W. Norton & Company in 2007. The book examines the obesity and fitness crisis from an evolutionary standpoint. Barrett argues that our bodies, our metabolisms, and our feeding ins ... Read »


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    • Weight gain

    • Weight gain is an increase in body weight. This can involve an increase in muscle mass, fat deposits, excess fluids such as water or other factors. Weight gain can be a symptom of a serious medical condition. If enough weight is gained due to increased body fat deposits, one may become overweight or obese, general ... Read »


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    • Weight Gain 4000

    • "Weight Gain 4000" is the third episode of the American animated television series South Park. It first aired on Comedy Central in the United States on August 27, 1997. In the episode, the residents of South Park excitedly prepare for a visit by celebrity Kathie Lee Gifford, whom the boys' third-grade teacher Mr. Garri ... Read »


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    • Weight loss

    • Weight loss

      Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue and/or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue. Weight loss can either occur unintentionally due to mal ... Read »


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    • Weight loss effects of water

    • The apparent weight loss effects of water have been subject to some scientific research. This evidence has been used by some of the scientists who worked on this research, and by others, to bolster suggestions that people who are trying to lose weight can benefit from augmenting – but not replacing – their d ... Read »


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    • Wellspring Academies

    • Wellspring Academies (formerly Academy of the Sierras) is a pair of therapeutic boarding schools for overweight and obese children, teens, and young adults, both operated by Wellspring, a division of Aspen Education Group. It is said to be the first weight loss boarding school in the United States. As of September 200 ... Read »


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    • Wellspring camps

    • Wellspring Camps are health and wellness camps for children, teens, young adults, and families. Located in California and Florida, Wellspring's scientifically based programs focus on changing behavior and eating patterns in order to create long-term healthy lifestyles for participants. One of the more high-profile ... Read »


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    • Werewolf diet

    • The werewolf diet, also known as the lunar diet and the moon diet, is a fad diet that centers upon users fasting according to the lunar phases. This has prompted people to nickname the diet plan the "werewolf diet" as a result. Celebrities that have endorsed the diet include Demi Moore and Madonna. The diet is typical ... Read »


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    • Who Ate All the Pies?


    • World Fit

    • World Fit Foundation

      World Fit is a program of the United States Olympic Committee (USOC), and the United States Olympians and Paralympians Association (USOP) to promote Physical fitness and the Olympic Games ideals to school children through kids fitness programs, school fitness programs, and childhood obesity programs. World Fit is part ... Read »


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    • World Obesity Day

    • World Obesity Day is observed globally on 11 October with the view of promoting practical solutions to end the global obesity crisis. It is organised by the World Obesity Federation, a non-profit body which is in official relations with the World Health Organisation and is a collaborating body on the Lancet Commission ... Read »


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    • Yo-yo effect

    • Yo-yo dieting or yo-yo effect, also known as weight cycling, is a term coined by Kelly D. Brownell at Yale University, in reference to the cyclical loss and gain of weight, resembling the up-down motion of a yo-yo. In this process, the dieter is initially successful in the pursuit of weight loss but is unsuccessful in ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Obesity

Extras