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    Mountaineering and health

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Mountaineering and health

    • Mountaineering deaths

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Mountaineering deaths


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    • High-altitude medicine physicians

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about High-altitude medicine physicians


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    • Acetazolamide

    • Acetazolamide

      Acetazolamide, sold under the trade name Diamox among others, is a medication used to treat glaucoma, epilepsy, altitude sickness, periodic paralysis, and heart failure. It may be used long term for the treatment of open angle glaucoma and short term for acute angle closure glaucoma until surgery can be carried out. It ... Read »


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    • Altitude sickness

    • Altitude sickness

      Altitude sickness—also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans, caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude. Although minor symptoms such as breathlessness may occur at altitudes of 1,500 metres (5,000 ft), AMS commonly occurs ... Read »


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    • Chronic mountain sickness

    • Chronic mountain sickness (CMS or Monge's disease) is a disease in which the proportion of blood volume that is occupied by red blood cells increases (polycythaemia) and there is an abnormally low level of oxygen in the blood (hypoxaemia). CMS typically develops after extended time living at high altitude (over 2,500 m ... Read »


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    • Coriaria thymifolia

    • Coriaria thymifolia, known as Shanshi, is a plant found in the northern Andes. The plant is often mistaken for blueberries, however unlike blueberries, the fruit of the Shanshi is toxic and has hallucinogenic properties. ... Read »


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    • Effects of high altitude on humans

    • The effects of high altitude on humans are considerable. The percentage oxygen saturation of hemoglobin determines the content of oxygen in blood. After the human body reaches around 2,100 m (7,000 feet) above sea level, the saturation of oxyhemoglobin begins to plummet. However, the human body has both short-term and ... Read »


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    • Frostbite

    • Frostbite

      Frostbite or cold burn is the medical condition in which localized damage is caused to skin and other tissues due to freezing. Frostbite is most likely to happen in body parts farthest from the heart and those with large exposed areas. The initial stages of frostbite are sometimes called frostnip. The several clas ... Read »


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    • Gamow bag

    • A Gamow bag (pronounced Gam-Off) is an inflatable pressure bag large enough to accommodate a person inside. A patient can be placed inside the bag which is sealed and inflated with a foot pump. Within minutes, the effective altitude can be decreased by 1000 to as much as 3000 meters (3281 to 9743 feet) depending on the ... Read »


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    • High-altitude adaptation in humans

    • High-altitude adaptation in humans is an instance of evolutionary modification in certain human populations, including those of Tibet in Asia, the Andes of the Americas, and Ethiopia in Africa, who have acquired the ability to survive at extremely high altitudes. This adaptation means irreversible, long-term physiologi ... Read »


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    • High-altitude cerebral edema

    • High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a medical condition in which the brain swells with fluid because of the physiological effects of traveling to a high altitude. It generally appears in patients who have acute mountain sickness and involves disorientation, lethargy, and nausea among other symptoms. It occurs when t ... Read »


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    • High-altitude flatus expulsion

    • High-altitude flatus expulsion (HAFE) is a gastrointestinal syndrome which involves the spontaneous passage of increased quantities of rectal gases at high altitudes. First described by Joseph Hamel in c. 1820 and occasionally described afterward, a landmark study of this phenomenon was published in 1981 by Paul Auerba ... Read »


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    • High-altitude pulmonary edema

    • High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) (HAPO spelled oedema in British English) is a life-threatening form of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs) that occurs in otherwise healthy mountaineers at altitudes typically above 2,500 meters (8,200 ft). However, cases have also been reported at l ... Read »


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    • Hunting reaction

    • The hunting reaction or hunting response is a process of alternating vasoconstriction and vasodilation in extremities exposed to cold. The term Lewis reaction is used too, named after Thomas Lewis who first described the effect in 1930. Vasoconstriction occurs first to reduce heat loss, but also results in strong cool ... Read »


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    • Hypoxia (medical)

    • Hypoxia (medical)

      Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level. Hypoxia may be classified as either generalized, affecting the whole body, or local, affecting a region of the body. Although hypoxia is often a pathological condition, variations in arterial oxyg ... Read »


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    • Photokeratitis

    • Photokeratitis or ultraviolet keratitis is a painful eye condition caused by exposure of insufficiently protected eyes to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from either natural (e.g. intense sunlight) or artificial (e.g. the electric arc during welding) sources. Photokeratitis is akin to a sunburn of the cornea and conjunctiva, ... Read »


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