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  • Military economics

    Military economics

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    • Economic aid during World War II

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Economic aid during World War II


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    • Military industry

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Military industry


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    • Military-industrial complex

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Military-industrial complex


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    • Military budgets

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Military budgets


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    • Military pay and benefits

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Military pay and benefits


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    • Bargaining Model of War

    • In international relations theory, the bargaining model of war is a means to represent the potential gains and losses and ultimate outcome of war between two actors as a bargaining interaction. Carl von Clausewitz was the first to define war as a bargaining interaction. He wrote that war has no value itself, thus ... Read »


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    • Bellum se ipsum alet

    • The Latin phrase bellum se ipsum alet (English: The war will feed itself) or bellum se ipsum alit (English: The war feeds itself, French: La guerre doit se nourrir elle-même), and its German rendering Der Krieg ernährt den Krieg describe the military strategy of feeding and funding armies primarily with the resou ... Read »


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    • Military budget

    • A military budget (or military expenditure), also known as a defense budget, is the amount of financial resources dedicated by a nation to raising and maintaining an armed forces or other methods essential for defense purposes. Military budgets often reflect how strongly an entity perceives the likelihood of threats a ... Read »


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    • Commander's Emergency Response Program


    • Conscientious objection to military taxation

    • Conscientious objection to military taxation (COMT) is a legal theory that attempts to extend into the realm of taxation the concessions to conscientious objectors that many governments allow in the case of conscription, thereby allowing conscientious objectors to insist that their tax payments not be spent for militar ... Read »


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    • Cost of conflict

    • Cost of Conflict is a tool which attempts to calculate the price of conflict to the human race. The idea is to examine this cost, not only in terms of the deaths and casualties and the economic costs borne by the people involved, but also the social, developmental, environmental and strategic costs of conflict. In most ... Read »


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    • Development Fund for Iraq

    • In May 2003, following the invasion of Iraq in March of that year, the Central Bank of Iraq-Development Fund for Iraq (DFI) account was created at the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank of New York at the request of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) Administrator. A part of the fund has been transferred to Baghdad and I ... Read »


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    • Economic conscription

    • Economic conscription is the mechanisms for recruitment of personnel for the armed forces through the use of economic conditions, particularly when geographical areas within a country are neglected in terms of their economic development, leading to a situation where a high proportion of young people consider a career w ... Read »


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    • Economic conversion

    • Economic conversion, defence conversion, or arms conversion, is a technical, economic and political process for moving from military to civilian markets. Economic conversion takes place on several levels and can be applied to different organizations. In terms of levels (roughly corresponding to geographic scales), conv ... Read »


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    • Economic warfare

    • The Oxford English Dictionary defines economic warfare or economic war as involving "an economic strategy based on the use of measures (e.g. blockade) of which the primary effect is to weaken the economy of another state". In military operations, economic warfare may reflect economic policy followed as a part of open o ... Read »


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    • Energy usage of the United States military

    • The United States Department of Defense is one of the largest single consumers of energy in the world, responsible for 93% of all US government fuel consumption in 2007 (Air Force: 52%; Navy: 33%; Army: 7%. Other DoD: 1%). In FY 2006, the DoD used almost 30,000 gigawatt hours (GWH) of electricity, at a cost of almost $ ... Read »


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    • Financial cost of the Iraq War

    • The following is a partial accounting of financial costs of the 2003 Iraq War by the United States and the United Kingdom, the two largest non-Iraqi participants of the multinational force in Iraq. The costs of the 2003-2010 Iraq War are often contested, as academics and critics have unearthed many hidden costs no ... Read »


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    • Fiscal-military state

    • A fiscal-military state is a state that bases its economic model on the sustainment of its armed forces, usually in times of prolonged or severe conflict. Characteristically, fiscal-military states will subject citizens to high taxation for this purpose. In the past, states such as Spain, the Netherlands and Sweden, w ... Read »


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    • List of countries by Global Militarization Index

    • The list of countries by Global Militarization Index is based on Bonn International Center for Conversion, with the latest data for the year 2014. The Global Militarization Index (GMI) depicts the relative weight and importance of the military apparatus of one state in relation to its society as a whole. For this, ... Read »


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    • Guns versus butter model

    • In macroeconomics, the guns versus butter model is an example of a simple production–possibility frontier. It demonstrates the relationship between a nation's investment in defense and civilian goods. In this example, a nation has to choose between two options when spending its finite resources. It may buy either ... Read »


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    • History of military technology

    • The military funding of science has had a powerful transformative effect on the practice and products of scientific research since the early 20th century. Particularly since World War I, advanced science-based technologies have been viewed as essential elements of a successful military. World War I is often called "th ... Read »


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    • Rana Tanveer Hussain

    • Rana Tanveer Hussain

      Rana Tanveer Hussain (Urdu: رانا تنوير حسين‎; born 1 October 1949) is a Pakistani politician who is the current Minister for Defence Production, in office since August 2017. Previously he served as the Minister for Defence Production and the Minister for Science and Technolog ... Read »


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    • Industrial warfare

    • Industrial warfare is a period in the history of warfare ranging roughly from the early 19th century and the start of the Industrial Revolution to the beginning of the Atomic Age, which saw the rise of nation-states, capable of creating and equipping large armies, navies, and air forces, through the process of industri ... Read »


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    • List of countries by military expenditures

    • This article is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates. These results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of each country's curre ... Read »


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    • List of countries by Military Strength Index

    • This is a list of countries by Military Strength Index based on the Credit Suisse report in September 2015 . The factors under consideration for military strength and their total weights are: number of active personnel in the army (5%), tanks (10%), attack helicopters (15%), aircraft (20%), aircraft carriers (25%), and ... Read »


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    • List of countries by past military expenditure

    • This is a list of countries by past military expenditure, starting 1988. Figures for the tables below are provided by the (SIPRI) database. They are presented in millions of United States dollars in current prices, converted at the exchange rate for the given year. If there is no data for a particular year, a cel ... Read »


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    • Military asset

    • In military usage, a military asset is a weapon or means of production of weapons or other defensive or offensive devices or capabilities. Whether a military asset is considered a capital asset, or part of a public infrastructure, is a matter of definition. War planners may deem individuals and other items in war zone ... Read »


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    • Military Inc.

    • Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan's Military Economy is a book about Pakistan Military's Economic activities and its consequences, written by Ayesha Siddiqa. The book divided into 10 chapters discusses Pakistan military's economic empire and its political, economical, and social effect on the country. The author uses ... Read »


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    • Military Keynesianism

    • Military Keynesianism is the position that the government should increase military spending in order to increase economic growth. The term is often used pejoratively to refer to politicians who reject Keynesian economics except when arguing for the positive job creation of military spending. Keynesians maintain that g ... Read »


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    • Military–industrial complex


    • National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament

    • The National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament was founded in 1988, with preliminary work starting as early as November 1987. The key principals behind the commission were Seymour Melman together with Jonathan Feldman and Robert Krinsky (students of Melman). The three, conceived of the commission as th ... Read »


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    • National Defense Mobilization Law

    • National Mobilization Law (Chinese: ) was legislated in the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China on 26 February 2010. The law gives the NPC Standing Committee the power to put the national economy and civilians in China, including foreign assets, in war-time footing if "state sovereignty, ... Read »


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    • National Kitchens

    • National Kitchens were restaurants established in a British Government initiative during the First World War to feed people cheaply and economically, at a time when food supplies were scarce because of the German U-boat campaign. Before the outbreak of war in 1914, the United Kingdom relied on imported food to fee ... Read »


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    • Peace dividend

    • Peace dividend is a political slogan popularized by US President George H.W. Bush and UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the early 1990s, purporting to describe the economic benefit of a decrease in defense spending. It is used primarily in discussions relating to the guns versus butter theory. The term was frequen ... Read »


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    • Permanent war economy

    • The concept of permanent war economy originated in 1944 with an article by Ed Sard (alias Frank Demby, Walter S. Oakes and T.N. Vance), a Third Camp Socialist, who predicted a post-war arms race. He argued at the time that the United States would retain the character of a war economy; even in peacetime, US military exp ... Read »


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    • Real Situado

    • The Real Situado was an annual payment of silver from the Viceroyalty of Peru to finance the Spanish army of Chile that as result of the Arauco War. Most of the silver came from Potosí in present-day Bolivia. ... Read »


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    • Rule of thirds (military)

    • The rule of thirds is a rule of thumb used when planning for the deployment and usage of a military organisation, according to which one third of the total military forces involved should be available for operations, one third should be preparing for operations and the final third, having been on operations, should be ... Read »


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    • Total war

    • Total war is warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war, and gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs. The American-English Dictionary defines total war as "war that is unrestrict ... Read »


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    • Upward Spiral

    • Upward Spiral is a term used by Paul Kennedy in his book The Rise and Fall of Great Powers to describe the continually rising cost of military equipment relative to civilian manufactured goods. According to Kennedy there is an upward spiral at work in "all areas" of military production which is "becoming increasingly d ... Read »


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    • War bond

    • War bonds are debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war. In practice, modern governments finance war by putting additional money into circulation, and the function of the bonds is to remove money from circulation and help to control inflation. War bonds ... Read »


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    • War economy

    • A War economy is the set of contingencies undertaken by a modern state to mobilize its economy for war production. Philippe Le Billon describes a war economy as a "system of producing, mobilizing and allocating resources to sustain the violence." Some measures taken include the increasing of TAYL(R rates as well as the ... Read »


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    • War effort

    • In politics and military planning, a war effort refers to a coordinated mobilization of society's resources—both industrial and human—towards the support of a military force. Depending on the militarization of the culture, the relative size of the armed forces and the society supporting them, the style of gov ... Read »


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    • World military spending

    • Military expenditure is the expenditure by a country’s government on their military forces, i.e. maintenance and operations, military research and development, Military aid, procurement, salaries, pensions, etc. World military spending refers to the aggregate global military spending by different countries - analy ... Read »


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