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    Mental health

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    • Books about mental health

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    • Mental health by country

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    • Clinical psychology

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    • Documentary films about mental health

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    • Mental illness in fiction

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    • History of mental health

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    • Mental health law

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    • Life skills

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    • Mental and behavioural disorders

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    • Mental health organizations

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    • Mental health professionals

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    • Psychiatric institutions

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    • Psychiatry

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    • Psychological adjustment

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    • Psychotherapy

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    • Social work

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    • Mental health

    • Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of mental illness. It is the "psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment". From the perspective of positive psychology or holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to ... Read »


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    • Adherence management coaching

    • Adherence management coaching (AdM coaching) is an evidence-based applied behavioral approach for significantly improving patient adherence and reducing unplanned hospital readmissions. It is based on the research and work of Bob Wright, Aubrey Daniels and BF Skinner. AdM coaches identify patients at high risk for read ... Read »


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    • Assertive community treatment

    • Assertive community treatment (ACT) is an intensive and highly integrated approach for community mental health service delivery. ACT programs serve outpatients whose symptoms of mental illness lead to serious functioning difficulties in several major areas of life, often including work, social relationships, residentia ... Read »


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    • Mental health in association football

    • The subject of mental health in association football has been described as a "stigma" in the sport, although other professional sports are also affected. Professional footballers suffer more from symptoms of depression and anxiety than the general public. Ex-professional players Robert Enke and Gary Speed have committ ... Read »


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    • Attachment and Health

    • Attachment and Health is psychological model which considers how attachment theory pertains to people’s preferences and expectations for the proximity of others when faced with stress, threat, danger or pain. In 1982 the American Psychiatrist, Lawrence Kolb, noticed that patients with chronic pain displayed behavi ... Read »


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    • Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist

    • The Autism Treatment Evaluation Scale (ATEC) is a 77-item diagnostic assessment tool that was developed by Bernard Rimland and Stephen Edelson at the Autism Research Institute. The ATEC was originally designed to evaluate the effectiveness of autism treatments, but it may also be beneficial as a screening tool for chil ... Read »


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    • Autistic catatonia

    • Autistic catatonia is a rare type of disorder that affects roughly 10 percent of all adults with autism spectrum disorder. Most of them are not severely affected but a few exhibit stupor and severe excitement, which is the most extreme form of the disorder. Full expression of excitement could be a sign of comorbid Bipo ... Read »


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    • Befriender

    • Befrienders are carefully selectedvolunteers, from a variety of organisations and mental health charities, who are trained to provide support and companionship to lonely, or emotionally distressed, people. Befrienders will usually visit for an hour or so per week. The meeting is usually arranged to suit the person's ne ... Read »


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    • Behavioral health outcomes management

    • Behavioral health outcome management (BHOM) involves the use of behavioral health outcome measurement data to help guide and inform the treatment of each individual patient. Like blood pressure, cholesterol and other routine lab work that helps to guide and inform general medical practice, the use of routine measuremen ... Read »


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    • Behavioral psychotherapy

    • Behavioral psychotherapy is a type of psychotherapy from the behaviourism tradition, and one of two streams of thought (the other being cognitive psychotherapy) that have come together to produce cognitive behavioral therapy. Behavioral psychotherapy has a rich tradition in research and practice. From a purely behavio ... Read »


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    • BetterHelp

    • BetterHelp is an online portal that provides direct-to-consumer access to behavioral health services. The online counseling and therapy services are provided through web-based interaction as well as phone and text communication. BetterHelp was founded in 2013 by Alon Matas and co-founder Danny Bragonier, and acquired b ... Read »


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    • Biological psychopathology

    • Biological psychopathology is the study of the biological basis of mental illness. It attempts to elucidate the genetic and neurological etiology behind psychological disorders, including schizophrenia, mood disorders, and anxiety disorders. Although it interacts with clinical psychology, it is a specialized subset th ... Read »


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    • Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool

    • The Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT®)

      The Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT®) is a cognitive test designed and copywrited by Dr. William Mansbach to identify patients with and without dementia, and to be sensitive to different levels of cognitive impairment. It was designed as a multi-domain cognitive instrument that assesses orientation, verbal rec ... Read »


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    • CapOpus

    • CapOpus is the name of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) running in Denmark at Psychiatric Center Bispebjerg (part of Region Hovedstadens Psykiatri) and physically located at Bispebjerg Hospital in Copenhagen. It is an intervention aimed at reducing cannabis consumption in young persons with comorbid severe mental il ... Read »


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    • Case management (mental health)

    • Case management is the coordination of community-based services by a professional or team to provide individually-customized mental health care for people experiencing frequent setbacks or persistent challenges to their recovery. Case management seeks to reduce hospitalizations and support individuals' recovery through ... Read »


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    • Child and Youth Care

    • Child and Youth Care (CYC) is a profession or craft which focuses on the developmental needs of children and families within the space and time of their daily lives. Child and Youth Care is primarily a way of working with others and practitioners can be found in a variety of roles including direct care, private practic ... Read »


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    • Cinema therapy

    • Cinema therapy or movie therapy is a form of supplemental therapy - like art, music and dance therapy - for medical and mental health issues. It is also used as a form of self-help. Cinema therapy was created and popularized by Dr. Gary Solomon, the first to write on using movies as therapy. Cinema therapy is defi ... Read »


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    • Clinical Global Impression

    • The Clinical Global Impression (CGI) rating scales are measures of symptom severity, treatment response and the efficacy of treatments in treatment studies of patients with mental disorders. Many researchers, while recognizing the validity of the scale, consider it to be subjective as it requires the user of the scale ... Read »


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    • Clinical mental health counseling

    • Clinical mental health counseling is a distinct profession with national standards for education, training, and clinical practice. Clinical mental health counselors operate from a wellness perspective, which emphasizes moving toward optimal human functioning in mind, body, and spirit, and away from distress, dysfunctio ... Read »


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    • Collective mental state

    • Mental state is generally a literary or legal term, and is only used in psychiatry or psychology as the mental state examination, where it refers to the condition of someone's mind. Here there is an assessment of thought processes, memory, mood, cognitive state, and energy level. Where a mental state is shared by a lar ... Read »


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    • Comfort food

    • Comfort food is food that provides a nostalgic or sentimental value to someone, and may be characterized by its high caloric nature, high carbohydrate level, or simple preparation. The nostalgia may be specific to an individual, or it may apply to a specific culture. The term comfort food has been traced back at l ... Read »


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    • Coping Cat

    • Coping Cat is a CBT manualized and comprehensive treatment program for children from 7 to 13 years old with separation anxiety disorder, related anxiety disorders, and/or social phobia. It was designed by Philip Kendall and colleagues at the Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders Clinic at Temple University. A related ... Read »


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    • Dark therapy

    • Dark therapy, also called scototherapy, light restriction and darkness therapy, is a treatment which involves eliminating all light, or all blue light, in a subject's environment, for a period of several hours prior to bedtime. Dark therapy manipulates the circadian rhythms acting on hormones and neurotransmitters. It ... Read »


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    • Deinstitutionalisation

    • Deinstitutionalisation (or deinstitutionalization) is the process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability. Deinstitutionalisation works in two ways: the first focuses on reducing the populatio ... Read »


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    • Depression in childhood and adolescence

    • Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity. It may be a normal reaction to occurring life events or circumstances, a symptom of a medical condition, a side effect of drugs or medical treatments, or a symptom of certain psychiatric syndromes, such as the mood disorders major depressive disorder and dysth ... Read »


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    • Determination

    • Determination is a positive emotional feeling that involves persevering towards a difficult goal in spite of obstacles. Determination occurs prior to goal attainment and serves to motivate behavior that will help achieve one’s goal. Empirical research suggests that people consider determination to be an emotion; i ... Read »


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    • Disability Rights International

    • Disability Rights International (DRI—formerly "Mental Disability Rights International"), is a Washington, DC based human rights advocacy organization dedicated to promoting the human rights and full participation in society of persons with disabilities worldwide. DRI documents conditions, publishes reports, and pr ... Read »


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    • Dual relationship

    • In the mental health field, a dual relationship is a situation where multiple roles exist between a therapist, or other mental health practitioner, and a client. Dual relationships are also referred to as multiple relationships, and these two terms are used interchangeably in the research literature. The American Psych ... Read »


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    • Dynamic deconstructive psychotherapy

    • Dynamic Deconstructive Psychotherapy (DDP) is a manual-based treatment for borderline personality disorder. It has been developed by Robert Gregory for severe and treatment-refractory clients, especially those with co-occurring substance use disorders. It is a time-limited treatment that involves weekly individual sess ... Read »


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    • Early intervention in psychosis

    • Early intervention in psychosis is a clinical approach to those experiencing symptoms of psychosis for the first time. It forms part of a new prevention paradigm for psychiatry and is leading to reform of mental health services, especially in the United Kingdom and Australia. This approach centers on the early detect ... Read »


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    • Elevation (emotion)

    • Elevation is an emotion elicited by witnessing virtuous acts of remarkable moral goodness. It is experienced as a distinct feeling of warmth and expansion that is accompanied by appreciation and affection for the individual whose exceptional conduct is being observed. Elevation motivates those who experience it to open ... Read »


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    • Emotional security

    • Emotional security is the measure of the stability of an individual's emotional state. Emotional insecurity or simply insecurity is a feeling of general unease or nervousness that may be triggered by perceiving of oneself to be vulnerable or inferior in some way, or a sense of vulnerability or instability which threate ... Read »


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    • Emotional symbiosis

    • Emotional Symbiosis is when an individual has the limited capacity to be aware of, respect, appreciate, comprehend the subjectivity of another. This occurs in the phase of early development when a child is completely dependant, and both physically and emotionally closely bonded with their mother. Most people suffer fro ... Read »


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    • Emotional well-being

    • Emotional well-being is a term that has seen increasing use in recent decades. The implications of decreased emotional well-being are related to mental health concerns such as stress, depression, and anxiety. These in turn can contribute to physical ill-health such as digestive disorders, sleep disturbances, and genera ... Read »


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    • Evidence based assessment

    • Evidence-based assessment (EBA) refers to the use of research and theory to guide the selection of constructs to be used for a specific assessment purpose and to inform the methods and measures used in the assessment process. It involves the recognition that, even with data from psychometrically strong measures, the as ... Read »


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    • Film/video-based therapy


    • FRIENDS program

    • The FRIENDS Programs are a series of Resilience programs developed by Professor Paula Barrett. The programs aim to increase social and emotional skills, promote resilience, and preventing anxiety and depression across the lifespan. As a prevention protocol, FRIENDS has been noted as “one of the most robustly-suppo ... Read »


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    • Global mental health

    • Global mental health is the international perspective on different aspects of mental health. It is 'the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving mental health and achieving equity in mental health for all people worldwide'. Taking into account cultural differences and country-specific co ... Read »


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    • Globophobia

    • Globophobia is a fear of balloons. In some cases, the fear is of balloons in general, while in others the object of fear is the sound produced when balloons pop (phonophobia). Globophobics tend to avoid parties and special occasions such as birthday parties, weddings, or any other festivities that may involve balloons ... Read »


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    • Health Dynamics Inventory

    • The Health Dynamics Inventory (HDI) is a 50 item self-report questionnaire developed to evaluate mental health functioning and change over time and treatment. The HDI was written to evaluate the three aspects of mental disorders as described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM): "clinicall ... Read »


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    • Historical trauma

    • Historical trauma (HT), a term used by social workers, historians and psychologists, refers to the cumulative emotional and psychological wounding of an individual or generation caused by a traumatic experience or event. Historical Trauma Response (HTR) refers to the manifestation of emotions and actions that stem from ... Read »


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    • History of psychiatry

    • Specialty in psychiatry can be traced in Ancient India. The oldest texts on psychiatry include the ayurvedic text, Charaka Samhita. Some of the first hospitals for curing mental illness were established during 3rd century BCE. During the 5th century BCE, mental disorders, especially those with psychotic traits, we ... Read »


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    • Homelessness and mental health

    • In a study in Western societies, homeless people have a higher prevalence of mental illness when compared to the general population. They also are more likely to be alcoholics and suffer from drug dependency. It is estimated that 20–25% of homeless people, compared with 6% of the non-homeless, have severe mental i ... Read »


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    • Hypomania Checklist

    • The Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) is a questionnaire developed by Dr. Jules Angst to identify hypomanic features in patients with major depressive disorder in order to help recognize bipolar II disorder and other bipolar spectrum disorders when people seek help in primary care and other general medical settings. It asks ... Read »


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    • Infant mental health

    • Infant mental health is the study of mental health as it applies to infants, toddlers, and their families. The field investigates optimal social and emotional development of infants and their families in the first three years of life. Cognitive development, and the development of motor skills may also be considered par ... Read »


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    • Institutional syndrome

    • These walls are funny. First you hate 'em, then you get used to 'em. Nuff time passes, you get so you depend on 'em. That's institutionalized. In clinical and abnormal psychology, institutionalization or institutional syndrome refers to deficits or disabilities in social and life skills, which develop after a person h ... Read »


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    • Involuntary commitment

    • Involuntary commitment or civil commitment (also known as sectioning in some jurisdictions) is a legal process through which an individual who is deemed by a qualified agent to have symptoms of severe mental disorder is court-ordered into treatment in a psychiatric hospital (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient). ... Read »


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    • IPS Supported Employment

    • IPS Supported Employment is an evidence-based approach to supported employment for people who have a severe mental illness. IPS stands for Individual Placement and Support. IPS supports people in their efforts to achieve steady employment in mainstream competitive jobs, either part-time or full-time. This stands in con ... Read »


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    • IS PATH WARM?


    • List of counseling topics

    • Counseling is the activity of the counselor, or a professional who counsels people especially on personal problems and difficulties. In order to become a licensed mental health counselor in the United States, one must hold at least a master's or doctoral degree. This is a list of counseling topics. ... Read »


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    • Mad Pride

    • Mad Pride is a mass movement of the users of mental health services, former users, and their allies. The first known event specifically organized as a Pride event by people who identify as psychiatric survivors/consumer/ex-patients was in Toronto, Canada when it was called "Psychiatric Survivor Pride Day", held on Sept ... Read »


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    • Malan triangles

    • Malan's triangles – comprising the triangle of conflict and the triangle of persons – were developed in 1979 by the psychotherapist David Malan as a way of illuminating the phenomenon of transference in psychotherapy, both brief and extended. Their application has continued to prove fruitful into the twenty- ... Read »


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    • Mental disorders diagnosed in childhood

    • Mental disorders diagnosed in childhood are divided into two categories: childhood disorders and learning disorders. These disorders are usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence, as laid out in the DSM IV TR and in the ICD-10. The DSM-IV-TR includes ten subcategories of disorders including Mental r ... Read »


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    • Mental environment

    • The mental environment refers to the sum of all societal influences upon mental health. The term is often used in a context critical of the mental environment in industrialized societies. It is argued that just as industrial societies produce physical toxins and pollutants which harm humans physical health, they also ... Read »


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    • Mental health consumer

    • A mental health consumer (or mental health patient) is a person who is obtaining treatment or support for a mental disorder, also known as psychiatric or mental illness. The term was coined by people who use mental health services in an attempt to empower those with mental health issues, usually considered a marginaliz ... Read »


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    • Mental health counselor

    • A mental health counselor (MHC), or counselor, is a person who uses psychotherapeutic methods to help others. The legal definition of a counselor, and hence the legal scope of practice, varies with jurisdiction. In some jurisdictions across the United States, counselors, marriage and family therapists, and psychol ... Read »


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    • Mental health day

    • In many workplaces throughout the First World, such as the United States and New Zealand, a "mental health day" is where an employee does not come to work and takes a sick day for reasons other than physical illness. Some people may consider a mental health day to be when someone simply does not feel like coming in to ... Read »


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    • Mental health first aid

    • Mental Health First Aid is a training program that teaches members of the public how to help a person developing a mental health problem (including a substance use problem), experiencing a worsening of an existing mental health problem or in a mental health crisis. Like traditional first aid, Mental Health First Aid do ... Read »


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    • Mental health in aviation

    • Mental health in aviation is a major concern among airlines, regulators, and passengers. This topic has gained more attention recently, especially after the 2015 Germanwings crash deliberately caused by the plane's copilot. There are many different causes but, as of now, there is almost no action taken to try and comba ... Read »


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    • Mental health in China

    • The concept of mental health in China is influenced by Confucian ideology as well as an emphasis on family. In contrast to Western thought, the Chinese emphasize "highly personal duties and social goals" rather than the individual, and personal rights. Failing to fulfill one's duties within the family and society can l ... Read »


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    • Mental health in Southeast Africa

    • Mental health in Southeast Africa is a concern, where mental illness is prevalent. Mental health issues in Africa are often viewed as the "silent crisis" since they are often given lower priority in a region of Africa where international aid is focused on communicable diseases and malnutrition. Each country in Southeas ... Read »


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    • Mental health in the Australian Football League

    • Mental health refers to a person's mental state, well-being, and ability to cope with the daily stresses of life. Good mental health also means that one has the ability to be mentally resilient, have a good life balance, having an absence of mental disorders and the ability to enjoy life. Elite athletes such as those c ... Read »


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    • Mental health in the Middle East

    • Mental health in the Middle East

      The study of mental health in the Middle East is an area of research that continues to grow in its scope and content. In 1998, the World Mental Health Survey Initiative was conducted by the World Federation for Mental Health. The (WFMH) was originally created in 1948 and works in concert with the World Health Organizat ... Read »


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    • Mental health literacy

    • Mental health literacy has been defined as "knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders which aid their recognition, management or prevention. Mental health literacy includes the ability to recognize specific disorders; knowing how to seek mental health information; knowledge of risk factors and causes, of self-treatm ... Read »


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    • Mental health of refugee children

    • Mental health of refugee children is often affected by pre-migration and post-migration stressors. Compared to other immigrants, refugee children are more likely to have serious problems associated with malnutrition, disease, physical injuries, brain damage and sexual or physical abuse. These problems may affect the ch ... Read »


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    • Mental health professional

    • A mental health professional is a health care practitioner or community services provider who offers services for the purpose of improving an individual's mental health or to treat mental illness. This broad category was developed as a name for community personnel who worked in the new community mental health agencies ... Read »


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    • Mental health tribunal

    • A mental health tribunal is a specialist tribunals (hearings) empowered by law to adjudicate disputes about mental health treatment, primarily by conducting independent reviews of patients diagnosed with mental disorders who are detained in psychiatric hospitals, or under outpatient commitment, and who may be subject t ... Read »


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    • Mental illness in fly-in fly-out workers

    • Fly-in fly-out (FIFO) work practices in Australia occur amongst various professions primarily associated within the resources industry as well as medical and related health services. Following the recession of the 1980s, Australia has experienced a resources boom that has seen thousands of families impacted by FIFO wor ... Read »


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    • Mental illness portrayed in media

    • Mental illnesses, also known as psychiatric disorders, are poorly portrayed in terms of factual accuracy. In different forms of entertainment, such as movies, television shows, books, magazines, and news, those living with mental illness are sometimes shown to be stereotypically violent and unpredictable, unlike how ma ... Read »


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    • Mentalism (discrimination)

    • Mentalism or sanism is a form of discrimination and oppression because of a mental trait or condition a person has, or is judged to have. This may or may not be described in terms of mental disorder or disability. The discrimination is based on numerous factors such as: stereotypes about neurodivergence (e.g. autism, A ... Read »


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    • Mi-Case

    • Mi-Case is a suite of web-based case management and operations management software provided by CASMACO Ltd. (trading as Mi-Case). Mi-Case is used in public and commercial sector organisations including criminal justice and behavioural health agencies to underpin a multi-agency/institutional approach to offender managem ... Read »


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    • Migrant health

    • Migrant health, refugee health or immigrant health is the field of study on the health effects experienced by people who have moved to another area of the world, either by choice or as a result of unsafe circumstances such as war. The health of these displaced populations is mainly affected by infectious disease, menta ... Read »


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    • Moral injury

    • Moral injury refers to an injury to an individual's moral conscience resulting from an act of perceived moral transgression which produces profound emotional shame. The concept of moral injury emphasizes the psychological, cultural, and spiritual aspects of trauma. Distinct from pathology, moral injury is a normal huma ... Read »


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    • Moral insanity

    • Moral insanity referred to a type of mental disorder consisting of abnormal emotions and behaviours in the apparent absence of intellectual impairments, delusions or hallucinations. It was an accepted diagnosis in Europe and America through the second half of the 19th century. The physician James Cowles Prichard first ... Read »


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    • Morning pseudoneutropenia

    • Morning pseudoneutropenia is a transient reduction in the measured neutrophil count from peripheral samples. This is noticed in some patients who are taking antipsychotic medication. Morning pseudoneutropenia is thought to be due to diurnal variation in the amount of circulating white blood cells and changes in the lev ... Read »


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    • MQ: Transforming Mental Health

    • MQ: Transforming Mental Health is an international mental health research charity. The charity was created in 2013, with initial funding from the Wellcome Trust, to raise funds from the general public for research. The charities aims are to fund multi-disciplinary research into mental health. It funds research across ... Read »


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    • National PTSD Awareness Day

    • National PTSD Awareness Day is a day dedicated to creating awareness regarding PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). It is acknowledged annually on the 27th of June. It started in 2010. The PTSD Awareness Camp runs for the whole month of June, also known as PTSD Awareness Month. There are organizations that helps pat ... Read »


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    • Neurofeedback

    • Neurofeedback (NFB), also called neurotherapy or neurobiofeedback, is a type of biofeedback that uses real-time displays of brain activity—most commonly electroencephalography (EEG), to teach self-regulation of brain function. Typically, sensors are placed on the scalp to measure activity, with measurements displa ... Read »


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    • Online counseling

    • Online counseling is the provision of professional mental health counseling services through the Internet. Services are typically offered via email, real-time chat, and video conferencing. Some clients use online counseling in conjunction with traditional psychotherapy, or nutritional counseling, and a growing number o ... Read »


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    • Parity of esteem

    • Parity of esteem is a concept which can be applied in a variety of contexts. Parity of esteem can be used to establish a theory to overcome inter-communal conflict. Promoters of the theory argue that "parity of esteem" "offers a language for negotiation of a post-conflict equilibrium." This negotiation begins with the ... Read »


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    • Peer support

    • Peer support occurs when people provide knowledge, experience, emotional, social or practical help to each other. It commonly refers to an initiative consisting of trained supporters (although it can be provided by peers without training), and can take a number of forms such as peer mentoring, listening, or counseling. ... Read »


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    • Peer support specialist

    • A Certified Peer Support Specialist also known as a Certified Peer Specialist is a person with significant life-altering experience. This is also referred to as lived experience. These specialists support individuals with struggles pertaining to mental health, psychological trauma or substance use. Because of their liv ... Read »


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    • Perpetration-induced traumatic stress

    • Perpetration-Induced Traumatic Stress (abbreviated PITS), also known as Participation-Induced Traumatic Stress, occurs when the symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are caused by an act or acts of killing or similar horrific violence. The DSM-5 addresses the idea of active participation as a cause of traum ... Read »


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    • Person-centered therapy

    • Person-centered therapy (PCT) is also known as person-centered psychotherapy, person-centered counseling, client-centered therapy and Rogerian psychotherapy. PCT is a form of psychotherapy developed by psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s. The goal of PCT is to provide clients with an opportunity to realize ... Read »


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    • Person-centred planning

    • Person-centred planning (PCP) is a set of approaches designed to assist someone to plan their life and supports. It is used most often as a life planning model to enable individuals with disabilities or otherwise requiring support to increase their personal self-determination and improve their own independence. PCP is ... Read »


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    • Person-centred thinking

    • Person-centred thinking is a set of values, skills and tools used in Person Centred Planning and in the personalisation of services used by people who need supports provided by social or health care. Person-centred thinking is described by the UK Department of Health as "the foundation for person centred planning" Th ... Read »


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    • Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

    • The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a self-report questionnaire that assesses sleep quality over a 1-month time interval. The measure consists of 19 individual items, creating 7 components that produce one global score, and takes 5-10 minutes to complete. Developed by researchers in the University of Pittsburg ... Read »


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    • Postural Integration

    • Postural Integration is a process-oriented body-based therapy originally developed in the late 1960s by Jack Painter (1933-2010) in California, USA, after exploration in the fields of humanistic psychology and the human potential movement. The method aims to support personal change and self development. During h ... Read »


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    • Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness

    • The Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care ('MI Principles') were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1991. They provide agreed but non-legally-binding basic standards that mental health systems should meet and rights that people diagnosed wi ... Read »


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    • Psychiatric and mental health nursing

    • Psychiatric nursing or mental health nursing is the appointed position of a nursing that has specialized in mental health and cares for people of all ages with mental illness or mental distress, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychosis, depression, dementia and many more. Nurses in this area receive specific ... Read »


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    • Psychiatric interview

    • The psychiatric interview refers to the set of tools that a mental health worker (most times a psychiatrist or a psychologist but at times social workers or nurses) uses to complete a psychiatric assessment. The goals of the psychiatric interview are: The data collected through the psychiatric interview is mostly sub ... Read »


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    • Psychiatric survivors movement

    • The psychiatric survivors movement (more broadly peer/consumer/survivor/ex-patient movement) is a diverse association of individuals who either currently access mental health services (known as consumers or service users), or who are survivors of interventions by psychiatry, or who are ex-patients of mental health serv ... Read »


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    • Psychiatry

    • Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders. These include various abnormalities related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions. Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination. ... Read »


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    • Psychological trauma

    • Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one's ability to cope, or integrate the emotions involved with that experience. A traumatic event involves one's experience, or repeat ... Read »


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    • Psychotherapy

    • Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change and overcome problems in desired ways. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, beliefs, compulsions, thoug ... Read »


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    • Reality testing

    • Reality testing is the psychotherapeutic function by which the objective or real world and one's relationship to it are reflected on and evaluated by the observer. This process of distinguishing the internal world of thoughts and feelings from the external world is a technique commonly used in psychoanalysis and behavi ... Read »


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    • Reasonable person model

    • The reasonable person model (RPM) is a psychological framework which argues that people are at their best when their informational needs are met. Positing that unreasonableness is not a human trait, but rather the result of environment (context and circumstances), the RPM attempts to define the environments/actions tha ... Read »


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    • Recovery approach

    • Psychological recovery or recovery model or the recovery approach to mental disorder or substance dependence emphasizes and supports a person's potential for recovery. Recovery is generally seen in this approach as a personal journey rather than a set outcome, and one that may involve developing hope, a secure base and ... Read »


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    • Responsible drug use

    • Responsible drug use maximizes the benefits and reduces the risk of negative impact on the lives of both the user and others. For illegal psychoactive drugs that are not diverted prescription controlled substances, some critics believe that illegal recreational use is inherently irresponsible, due to the unpredictable ... Read »


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    • Retail therapy

    • Retail therapy is shopping with the primary purpose of improving the buyer's mood or disposition. Often seen in people during periods of depression or stress, it is normally a short-lived habit. Items purchased during periods of retail therapy are sometimes referred to as "comfort buys" (compare comfort food). The nam ... Read »


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    • Retman

    • RETMAN is a comics’ character, associated to Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). Through it, REBT tries more efficiently address children, adolescents and the general public. This form of therapy approaches the treatment of emotional disorders and the promotion of mental health by modifying maladaptive/irrat ... Read »


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    • Rurality

    • Rurality is used as an expression of different rural areas as not being defined. Many authors involved in mental health research in rural areas, stress the importance of steering clear of inflexible blanket definitions of rurality (Philo, 2003), and to instead "select definitions of rurality that are appropriate to th ... Read »


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    • Self-directed neuroplasticity

    • Self-directed neuroplasticity refers to our ability to change the "wiring" in our brains. In the past, it was thought that the brain would remain in its initial state. Research shows that the brain can change itself. This is important for people suffering from injuries that have damaged the brain, and for people with O ... Read »


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    • Self-harm

    • Self-harm

      Self-harm (SH), also known as self-injury, is defined as the intentional, direct injuring of body tissue, done without suicidal intentions. These terms are used in the more recent literature in an attempt to reach a more neutral terminology. The older literature, especially that which predates the Diagnostic and Statis ... Read »


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    • Self-injury Awareness Day

    • Self-injury Awareness Day (SIAD) (also known as Self-Harm Awareness Day) is a grassroots annual global awareness event / campaign on March 1, where on this day, and in the weeks leading up to it, some people choose to be more open about their own self-harm, and awareness organizations make special efforts to raise awar ... Read »


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    • Self-medication

    • Self-medication is a human behavior in which an individual uses a substance or any exogenous influence to self-administer treatment for physical or psychological ailments. The most widely self-medicated substances are over-the-counter drugs used to treat common health issues at home, as well as dietary supplements. Th ... Read »


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    • Self-perceived quality-of-life scale

    • The self-perceived quality-of-life scale is a psychological assessment instrument which is based on a comprehensive theory of the self-perceived quality of life (SPQL) and provides a multi-faceted measurement of health-related and non-health-related aspects of well-being. The scale has become an instrument of choice fo ... Read »


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    • Sex differences in schizophrenia

    • Schizophrenia is diagnosed in more men than women, with a male to female ratio of 1.4:1. Women are more likely than men to experience an emergence of psychotic features later in life. Women tend to display more emotional and psychotic symptoms than men. Researchers are finding that gender is also useful in understandin ... Read »


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    • Social support

    • Social support is the perception and actuality that one is cared for, has assistance available from other people, and that one is part of a supportive social network. These supportive resources can be emotional (e.g., nurturance), tangible (e.g., financial assistance), informational (e.g., advice), or companionship (e. ... Read »


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    • Spiritual crisis

    • Spiritual crisis (also called "spiritual emergency") is a form of identity crisis where an individual experiences drastic changes to their meaning system (i.e., their unique purposes, goals, values, attitude and beliefs, identity, and focus) typically because of a spontaneous spiritual experience. A spiritual crisis ma ... Read »


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    • Subjective well-being

    • Subjective well-being (SWB) refers to how people experience the quality of their lives and includes both emotional reactions and cognitive judgments. Psychologists have defined happiness as a combination of life satisfaction and the relative frequency of positive and negative affect. SWB therefore encompasses moods and ... Read »


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    • Symptom targeted intervention

    • Symptom targeted intervention (STI) is a clinical program being used in medical settings to help patients who struggle with symptoms of depression or anxiety or adherence to treatment plans but who are not interested in receiving outpatient mental health treatment. STI is a focused, active, individualized therapeutic m ... Read »


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    • Telemental health

    • Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change and overcome problems in desired ways. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, beliefs, compulsions, thoug ... Read »


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    • Testamentary capacity

    • In the common law tradition, testamentary capacity is the legal term of art used to describe a person's legal and mental ability to make or alter a valid will. This concept has also been called sound mind and memory or disposing mind and memory. Adults are presumed to have the ability to make a will. Litigation ab ... Read »


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    • Therapeutic relationship

    • The therapeutic relationship (also therapeutic alliance, the helping alliance, or the working alliance) refers to the relationship between a healthcare professional and a client (or patient). It is the means by which a therapist and a client hope to engage with each other, and effect beneficial change in the client. ... Read »


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    • Tidal Model

    • The Tidal Model is a recovery model for the promotion of mental health developed by Professor Phil Barker, Poppy Buchanan-Barker and their colleagues. The Tidal Model focuses on the continuous process of change inherent in all people. It seeks to reveal the meaning of people's experiences, emphasising the importance of ... Read »


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    • Transinstitutionalisation

    • Transinstitutionalisation is the phenomena where inmates released from one therapeutic community move into other institutions, either as planned move or as an unforeseen consequence. For instance, when the residential mental hospitals were closed as the result of a political policy change, the prison population increas ... Read »


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    • Trauma Systems Therapy

    • Trauma Systems Therapy (TST) is a mental health treatment model for children and adolescents who have been exposed to trauma, defined as experiencing, witnessing, or confronting "an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others". TST ... Read »


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    • Traumatology Institute (Canada)

    • The Traumatology Institute (Canada) is an international mental health consulting and training organization focused on after trauma care located in Toronto, Canada. The mandate of the Traumatology Institute is to raise awareness about Post-Traumatic Stress and trauma informed care options. It was established following ... Read »


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    • Use of technology in treatment of mental disorders

    • The use of electronic and communication technologies as a therapeutic aid to healthcare practices is commonly referred to as telemedicine or eHealth. The use of such technologies as a supplement to mainstream therapies for mental disorders is an emerging mental health treatment field which, it is argued, could improve ... Read »


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    • Vanderbilt ADHD diagnostic rating scale

    • The Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale (VADRS) is a psychological self-report assessment tool for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and their effects on behavior and academic performance in children ages 6–12. This measure was developed by Mark Wolraich at the Oklahoma Health Sciences C ... Read »


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    • Work–life interface


    • World Mental Health Day

    • World Mental Health Day (10 October) is a day for global mental health education, awareness and advocacy against social stigma. It was first celebrated in 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organization with members and contacts in more than 150 countries. This day, ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Mental health

Extras