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  • Medical specialties

    Medical specialties

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    • Medical doctors by specialty

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    • Medical and health organizations by medical specialty

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    • Allergology

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    • Andrology

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    • Anesthesia

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    • Angiology

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    • Aviation medicine

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    • Biomedicine

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    • Cardiology

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    • Dentistry

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    • Dentistry branches

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    • Dermatology

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    • Disaster medicine

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    • Emergency medicine

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    • Endocrinology

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    • Family medicine

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    • Fictional medical specialists

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    • Gastroenterology

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    • General practice

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    • Medical genetics

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    • Geriatrics

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    • Gerontology

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    • Gynaecology

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    • Hematology

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    • Hepatology

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    • Immunology

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    • Infectious diseases

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    • Intensive care medicine

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    • Internal medicine

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    • Men's health


    • Military medicine

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    • Nephrology

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    • Neurology

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    • Nuclear medicine

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    • Obstetrics

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    • Oncology

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    • Ophthalmology

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    • Otorhinolaryngology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Otorhinolaryngology


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    • Palliative medicine

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    • Pathology

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    • Pediatrics

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    • Podiatry

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    • Preventive medicine

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    • Prison medicine

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    • Psychiatric specialities

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    • Psychiatry

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    • Pulmonology

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    • Radiology

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    • Rehabilitation medicine

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    • Rheumatology

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    • Serology

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    • Sexual health

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    • Sleep medicine

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    • Space medicine

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    • Sports medicine

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    • Sports physicians

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    • Surgery

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    • Surgical specialties

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    • Toxicology

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    • Transplantation medicine

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Transplantation medicine


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    • Trichology

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    • Tropical medicine

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    • Urology

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    • Wilderness medicine

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    • Specialty (medicine)

    • A specialty (or speciality) in medicine is a branch of medical practice. After completing medical school, physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple year residency to become a medical specialist. To a certain extent, medical practitio ... Read »


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    • Abdominal surgery

    • The term abdominal surgery broadly covers surgical procedures that involve opening the abdomen. Surgery of each abdominal organ is dealt with separately in connection with the description of that organ (see stomach, kidney, liver, etc.) Diseases affecting the abdominal cavity are dealt with generally under their own na ... Read »


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    • Acute medicine

    • Acute medicine is that part of internal medicine concerned with the immediate and early specialist management of adult patients with a wide range of medical conditions who present in hospital as emergencies. It developed in the United Kingdom in the early 2000s as a dedicated field of medicine, together with the establ ... Read »


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    • Addiction medicine

    • Addiction medicine is a medical specialty that deals with the treatment of addiction. The specialty often crosses over into other areas, since various aspects of addiction fall within the fields of public health, psychology, social work, mental health counseling, psychiatry, and internal medicine, among others. Incorpo ... Read »


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    • Adolescent medicine

    • Adolescent medicine or hebiatrics is a medical subspecialty that focuses on care of patients who are in the adolescent period of development, generally ranging from the last years of elementary school until graduation from high school (some doctors in this subspecialty treat young adults attending college at area clini ... Read »


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    • Aesthetic medicine

    • Aesthetic medicine is an inclusive term for specialties that focus on improving cosmetic appearance through the treatment of conditions including scars, skin laxity, wrinkles, moles, liver spots, excess fat, cellulite, unwanted hair, skin discoloration, and spider veins. Traditionally, aesthetic medicine includes derma ... Read »


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    • Algology (medicine)

    • Algology (from the Greek άλγος, algos, "pain") is the medical treatment of pain as practiced in Greece and Turkey. The Hellenic Society of Algology and the Turkish Algology-Pain Society are the relevant local bodies affiliated to the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). ... Read »


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    • Altitude training

    • Altitude training is the practice by some endurance athletes of training for several weeks at high altitude, preferably over 2,400 metres (8,000 ft) above sea level, though more commonly at intermediate altitudes due to the shortage of suitable high-altitude locations. At intermediate altitudes, the air still contai ... Read »


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    • Ambulatory care

    • Ambulatory care or outpatient care is medical care provided on an outpatient basis, including diagnosis, observation, consultation, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation services. This care can include advanced medical technology and procedures even when provided outside of hospitals. Ambulatory care sensitive c ... Read »


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    • American Board of Medical Specialties

    • Abbreviation ABMS Motto Higher Standards. Better Care. Formation 1933 Type Professional association Headquarters Chicago, IL Location
      Official language
      English
      Chair
      Valerie M. Parisi, M.D.
      Chair-Elect
      John C. Moorhead, MD, MS, FACEP
      Secretary-Treasurer
      John G. Clarkson, M.D.
      President/CEO
      Lois Margaret Nora, M.D., J.D., M.B.A.
    • American Board of Medical Specialties

      American Board of Medical Specialties Established in 1933, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is a non-profit organization of approved medical boards (officially referred to as the "Member Boards" (see below), which represent 24 broad areas of specialty medicine. ABMS is the largest physician-led special ... Read »


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    • Anesthesiologist

    • An anesthesiologist (American English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Terminology varies between countries. In the United States, the term anesthesiologist refers to a physician who has completed an accredited residency program in anesthesiology after ... Read »


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    • Anesthesiology

    • Anesthesiology, anaesthesia or anaesthetics is the medical speciality that focuses on perioperative medicine and the administration of anesthesia. The American Society of Anesthesiologists define anesthesiology as "the practice of medicine dedicated to the relief of pain and total care of the surgical patient before, d ... Read »


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    • Audiology

    • Audiology (from Latin audÄ«re, "to hear"; and from Greek -λογία, ) is a branch of science that studies hearing, balance, and related disorders. Its practitioners, who treat those with hearing loss and proactively prevent related damage are audiologists. Employing various testing strategies (e.g. hearin ... Read »


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    • Auxology

    • Auxology, sometimes called auxanology (from Greek αὔξω, auxō, or αὐξάνω, auxanō, "grow"; and -λογία, -logia), is a meta-term covering the study of all aspects of human physical growth (though it is also a fundamental of biology, generally speaking). Auxology is a h ... Read »


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    • Bariatrics

    • Bariatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity. The term bariatrics was coined around 1965, from the Greek root bar- ("weight" as in barometer), suffix -iatr ("treatment," as in pediatrics), and suffix -ic ("pertaining to"). The field encompasses dieting, exer ... Read »


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    • Biomedical scientist

    • A biomedical scientist (also known as a biomedical doctor or medical scientist or clinical laboratory scientist) is a scientist trained in biology, particularly in the context of medicine. These scientists work to gain knowledge on the main principles of how the human body works and to find new ways to cure or treat di ... Read »


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    • Biomedicine

    • Biomedicine (i.e. Medical biology) is a branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice. The branch especially applies to biology and physiology. Biomedicine also can relate to many other categories in health and biological related fields. It has been the dominant hea ... Read »


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    • Board certification

    • Board certification is the process by which a physician or other professional in the United States demonstrates a mastery of basic knowledge and skills through written, practical, or simulator-based testing. There are 24 boards that certify physician specialists in the United States and there is no legal requireme ... Read »


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    • Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation

    • Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a branch of rehabilitation medicine/Physical Therapy dealing with optimizing physical function in patients with cardiac disease or recent cardiac surgeries. CR services can be provided during hospitalization for the event or in an outpatient setting. While the "glue" of cardiac rehabilita ... Read »


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    • Center for the History of Family Medicine

    • The Center for the History of Family Medicine (CHFM) is a historical research center which is part of the non-profit American Academy of Family Physicians Foundation (AAFP Foundation), a non-profit, charitable 501(c)(3) organization located in Leawood, Kansas. The CHFM serves as the primary repository of information an ... Read »


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    • College health

    • College Health is a field of medicine that exclusively deals with the medical care of college age students (from age 18 through 28 years). Many colleges and universities campuses offer some sort of student health service, but there is wide variability in the healthcare resources available from campus to campus, with mo ... Read »


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    • Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine

    • Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine is a small medical specialty that operates within disaster areas whether they are natural or human caused disasters. Currently many healthcare professionals are involved in the Ebola crisis of 2014. Conflict and Catastrophe medicine is a specialized form of humanitarian aid Confli ... Read »


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    • Conservation medicine

    • Conservation medicine is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions. Also known as ecological medicine, environmental medicine, or medical geology. The environmental causes of health problems are complex, global, and poorly understoo ... Read »


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    • Correctional medicine

    • Correctional medicine is the medical specialty in which healthcare providers care for people in jails and prisons. Before 1775, imprisonment was rarely used as a punishment for crime. Since that year, however, incarceration rates have grown exponentially, creating the need for physicians in correctional institutio ... Read »


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    • Deep inspiration breath-hold

    • Deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) is a method of delivering radiotherapy, whilst limiting radiation exposure to the heart and lungs. It is used primarily for treating left-sided breast cancer. The technique involves a patient holding their breath during treatment. There are two basic methods of performing DIBH: free ... Read »


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    • Dental discount plan

    • A dental discount plan, also known as a referral plan, is a membership-based discount plan for dental health maintenance and intervention. In it, the patient pays the entire cost of a rate negotiated between the dentist and the referring company, usually between 10-60% of normal cost. These plans emerged as an alterna ... Read »


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    • Dentistry

    • Dentistry

      Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. ... Read »


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    • Dermaordinologie

    • Dermaordinology (from Ancient Greek δέρμα (derma) “skin”, Latin ordināre, “to put in order” and Ancient Greek λόγος, “knowledge/study”) is a specialised field in cosmetics and medicine aimed at finding the optimal permanent solution to superficial skin defe ... Read »


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    • Dermatology

    • Dermatology

      Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases. It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist treats diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails. Attested in English in 1819, the word dermatolog ... Read »


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    • Digital autopsy

    • A digital autopsy is a non-invasive autopsy in which digital imaging technology, such as with Computerized Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans, is used to develop three-dimensional images for a virtual exploration of a human body. Digital autopsy, simply, means conducting autopsy in computerized ... Read »


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    • Digital pathology

    • Digital Pathology is an image-based information environment which is enabled by computer technology that allows for the management of information generated from a digital slide. Digital pathology is enabled in part by virtual microscopy, which is the practice of converting glass slides into digital slides that can be v ... Read »


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    • Disaster medicine

    • Disaster medicine is the area of medical specialization serving the dual areas of providing health care to disaster survivors and providing medically related disaster preparation, disaster planning, disaster response and disaster recovery leadership throughout the disaster life cycle. Disaster medicine specialists prov ... Read »


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    • Diving medicine

    • Diving medicine, also called undersea and hyperbaric medicine (UHB), is the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of conditions caused by humans entering the undersea environment. It includes the effects on the body of pressure on gases, the diagnosis and treatment of conditions caused by marine hazards and how relations ... Read »


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    • Electrodiagnostic medicine

    • Electrodiagnosis (EDX) is a method of medical diagnosis that obtains information about diseases by passively recording the electrical activity of body parts (that is, their natural electrophysiology) or by measuring their response to external electrical stimuli (evoked potentials). The most widely used methods of recor ... Read »


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    • Emergency medicine

    • Emergency medicine

      Emergency medicine, formerly known in some countries as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty involving care for undifferentiated and unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention. In their role as first-line providers, emergency physicians are responsible for ... Read »


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    • Environmental medicine

    • Environmental medicine is a multidisciplinary field involving medicine, environmental science, chemistry and others, overlapping with environmental pathology. It may be viewed as the medical branch of the broader field of environmental health. The scope of this field involves studying the interactions between environme ... Read »


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    • Epileptologist

    • An epileptologist is a neurologist who specializes in the treatment of epilepsy. Epileptologists are experts in epileptic seizures and seizure disorders, anticonvulsants, and special situations involving seizures, such as cases in which all treatment intended to stop seizures has failed and epilepsy (especially poorly ... Read »


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    • Exclusive provider organization

    • In the United States, an exclusive provider organization is a hybrid health insurance plan in which a primary care provider is not necessary, but in which health care providers must be seen within a predetermined network. Out of network care is not provided, and visits require pre-authorization. Doctors are paid as a f ... Read »


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    • Family medicine

    • Family medicine (FM), formerly family practice (FP), is a specialty devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages; the specialist is named a family physician or family doctor. In Europe the discipline is often referred to as general practice and a practitioner as a General Practice Doctor or GP; this name ... Read »


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    • General surgery

    • General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local reference patterns). They also deal with diseases involving the skin, breast, soft tissue, trauma, per ... Read »


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    • Geriatrics

    • Geriatrics

      Geriatrics or geriatric medicine is a specialty that focuses on health care of elderly people. It aims to promote health by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults. There is no set age at which patients may be under the care of a geriatrician or geriatric physician, a physician who specializes ... Read »


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    • Benad Goldwasser

    • Benad Goldwasser

      Professor Benad Goldwasser, M.D., MBA (Hebrew: בּנְעָד גוֹלְדוָוסֵר‎; born 1 November 1950) is a urologic surgeon, inventor, entrepreneur and venture capital investor. During his business career he served as CEO and Active Chairman in a number of healthcare ... Read »


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    • Hematology

    • Hematology, also spelled haematology (from the Greek , haima "blood," and -λoγία), is the branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood. Hematology includes the study of etiology. It involves treating diseases that affect the production of blo ... Read »


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    • Hospice and palliative medicine

    • Hospice and palliative medicine is a formal subspecialty of medicine in the United States that focuses on symptom management, relief of suffering and end-of-life care. In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine was officially recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties, and is co-sponsored by Physicians who ... Read »


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    • Hospital medicine

    • Hospital medicine in the United States is the discipline concerned with the medical care of acutely ill hospitalized patients. Physicians whose primary professional focus is hospital medicine are called hospitalists; this type of medical practice has extended beyond the US into Canada. The term hospitalist was first c ... Read »


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    • Post-hospitalist

    • Post-Hospitalist Medicine is the discipline concerned with the medical care of post-acute patients. Physicians whose primary professional focus is post-hospital care are post-hospitalists. Typical community PCPs and most other NP/PA/extender models do not have the time or ability to effectively monitor patient care whe ... Read »


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    • Infectious disease (medical specialty)

    • Infectious disease (infectiology)

      Infectious disease, also known as infectious diseases, infectious medicine, infectious disease medicine or infectiology, is a medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis, control and treatment of infections. An infectious disease (ID) specialist's practice may consist largely of managing nosocomial (hospital-acquired) ... Read »


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    • Insurance medicine

    • Insurance Medicine is a recognized specialty of medical practice in which physicians and other qualified healthcare professionals provide expert risk assessment to insurance companies in the fields of mortality (life insurance) and morbidity (long-term care, disability, and health insurance). http://www.mae.umontreal. ... Read »


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    • Intensive care medicine

    • Intensive care medicine

      Intensive care medicine or critical care medicine is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions requiring sophisticated organ support and invasive monitoring. Patients requiring intensive care may require support for instability (hypertension/hypotension), airwa ... Read »


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    • Intensivist

    • An intensivist is a physician (M.D. or D.O.) who specializes in the care of critically ill patients, most often in the intensive care unit (ICU). Intensivists can be internists or internal medicine sub-specialists (most often pulmonologists), anesthesiologists, emergency medicine physicians, pediatricians (including ne ... Read »


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    • Internal medicine

    • Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists, or physicians (without a modifier) in Commonwealth nations. Internists are skilled in the ... Read »


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    • Interventional radiology

    • Interventional radiologist

      Interventional radiology (IR), also known as vascular and interventional radiology (VIR) or surgical radiology, is a sub-specialty of radiology providing minimally invasive image-guided diagnosis and treatment of diseases in every organ system. Although the range of procedures performed by interventional radiologists i ... Read »


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    • List of medical specialty colleges in the United States

    • This list of medical specialty colleges in the United States includes medical societies that represent board certified specialist physicians. The American Medical Association maintains a list of societies represented in its House of Delegates, while the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine maintains ... Read »


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    • Manual medicine

    • Manual medicine, also known as chirotherapy (from Ancient Greek χείρ cheir, "hand"), is a branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the human musculoskeletal system, and most commonly with back pain. It is partly based on the wider field of chiropractic and osteopathy, but is distinguished from these f ... Read »


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    • Maxillofacial prosthetist and technologist

    • Maxillofacial prosthetist and technologist is the term used in the United Kingdom for a specialist who delivers facial, ocular and other prostheses which restore form and function to the body. In the United States, this specialty is known as anaplastology. In the UK, the main governing body for the practice of maxill ... Read »


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    • Med-Peds

    • Med-Peds or "Combined Internal Medicine & Pediatrics" is a medical specialty which trains its doctors to be board certified in both Internal Medicine and Pediatrics. After medical school, doctors typically train for four years dividing time equally between the two specialties making Med-Peds physicians able to take car ... Read »


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    • Medical genetics

    • Medical genetics is the branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders. Medical genetics differs from human genetics in that human genetics is a field of scientific research that may or may not apply to medicine, while medical genetics refers to the application of genetics to medi ... Read »


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    • Medical microbiology

    • Medical microbiology is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. There are four kinds of microorganisms that cause infectious disease: bac ... Read »


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    • Medical statistics

    • Medical statistics deals with applications of statistics to medicine and the health sciences, including epidemiology, public health, forensic medicine, and clinical research. Medical statistics has been a recognized branch of statistics in the United Kingdom for more than 40 years but the term has not come into general ... Read »


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    • Medical technologist

    • A Medical Technologist (Medical Laboratory Scientist, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Medical Laboratory Technologist) is an allied health professional that analyzes and tests body fluids and tissues. This includes blood, urine, CSF, synovial fluid, all types of tissue samples, and almost any type of sample removed from ... Read »


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    • Molecular medicine

    • Molecular medicine is a broad field, where physical, chemical, biological, bioinformatics and medical techniques are used to describe molecular structures and mechanisms, identify fundamental molecular and genetic errors of disease, and to develop molecular interventions to correct them. The molecular medicine perspect ... Read »


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    • Paul Moses

    • Paul J. Moses (1 April 1897 – 7 June 1965) was a clinical professor in charge of the Speech and Voice Section, Division of Otolaryngology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, San Francisco, where he conducted research into the psychology of the human voice, seeking to show how personality traits, neurose ... Read »


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    • Neurohydrodynamics

    • Neurohydrodynamics is a division of neurophysics that focuses on the hydrodynamics of the neurological system. It applies physical principles and design concepts to neurophysics seeking to close the gap between fluid mechanics and neurosurgical and neurological medicine. It combines fluid mechanics principles with neur ... Read »


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    • Neurology

    • Neurology

      Neurology (from Greek: νεῦρον, neuron, and the suffix -λογία "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous sys ... Read »


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    • Neuromuscular medicine

    • The field of neuromuscular medicine is subspecialty of neurology and physical medicine and rehabilitation. The field includes diseases that impact some part of the neuromuscular system such as the peripheral nerves (those in arms, legs, face and neck), muscle motor neurons, and neuromuscular junction – the spot wh ... Read »


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    • Neurosociology

    • Neurosociology is the application of neurobiology to the study of society. In contrast to social neuroscience, an interdisciplinary field devoted to understanding how biological systems implement social processes and behavior of the individual, Neurosociology focuses on understanding how these biological systems and in ... Read »


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    • Neurosurgery

    • Neurosurgery procedure using stereotaxy

      or or or Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. In ... Read »


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    • Neurotology

    • Neurotology or neuro-otology is a branch of clinical medicine which studies and treats neurological disorders of the ear. It is a subspecialty of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and is closely related to otology, and also draws on the fields of neurology and neurosurgery. Otology generally refers to the treatment ... Read »


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    • Nocturnist

    • A nocturnist is a hospital-based physician who only works overnight. Most nocturnists are trained in internal medicine or family medicine and have experience in hospital medicine. However, there are nocturnists trained in other specialties, such as pediatrics. The main role of a nocturnist is to admit patients into the ... Read »


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    • Obstetric anesthesia (medical specialty)

    • Obstetric anesthesia or obstetric anesthesiology, also known as ob-gyn anesthesia or ob-gyn anesthesiology is a sub-specialty of anesthesiology that provides peripartum (time directly preceding, during or following childbirth) pain relief (analgesia) for labor and anesthesia (suppress consciousness) for cesarean delive ... Read »


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    • Obstetric medicine

    • Obstetric medicine, sometimes maternal medicine, is a subspecialty of general internal medicine and obstetrics that specialises in the dealing with physical health problems in pregnant women. It is closely related to the specialty of maternal-fetal medicine, although obstetric medicine does not directly care for the fo ... Read »


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    • Obstetrics and gynaecology

    • Obstetrics and Gynecology (commonly known as OB/GYN, OBG, O&G or Obs & Gynae) is the medical specialty that deals with obstetrics and gynecology. The postgraduate training program for both aspects is unified. This combined training prepares the practicing OB/GYN to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs' he ... Read »


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    • Occupational medicine

    • Occupational medicine, especially until 1960 called industrial medicine, is the branch of medicine which deals with the maintenance of health in the workplace, including the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries, and also promotes productivity and social adjustment. It is thus the branch of clinical medici ... Read »


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    • Ophthalmology

    • Ophthalmology

      Ophthalmology (/ˌɒfθɑːlˈmɑːlədʒi/ or /ˌɒpθɑːlˈmɒlədʒi/) is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operatio ... Read »


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    • Oral medicine

    • Oral medicine (sometimes termed dental medicine, oral and maxillofacial medicine or stomatology) is a specialty focused on the mouth and nearby structures. It lies at the interface between medicine and dentistry. The specialty is defined within Europe under Directive 2001/19/EC. The importance of the mouth in med ... Read »


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    • Orthopedic surgery

    • Orthopedic surgery

      Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (alternatively spelled orthopaedic surgery and orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerati ... Read »


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    • Otorhinolaryngology

    • Otorhinolaryngology /oʊtoʊˌraɪnoʊˌlærənˈɡɒlədʒi/ (also called otolaryngology-head and neck surgery) is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck. The specialty is often treated ... Read »


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    • Pain management

    • Pain management, pain medicine, pain control or algiatry, is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those living with chronic pain The typical pain management team includes medical practitioners, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, phy ... Read »


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    • Parasitology

    • Parasitology is the study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them. As a biological discipline, the scope of parasitology is not determined by the organism or environment in question, but by their way of life. This means it forms a synthesis of other disciplines, and draws on techniques from fields ... Read »


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    • Pathology

    • Pathology

      Pathology (from the Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering", and (-λογία), "study of") is a significant component of the causal study of disease and a major field in modern medicine and diagnosis. The term pathology itself may be used broadly to refer to the st ... Read »


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    • Pediatrics

    • Pediatrics

      Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 18-21 years of age (in some places until completion of secondary education). A medical practitioner who specializes i ... Read »


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    • Performance medicine

    • Performance Medicine is a sub-speciality of clinical and diagnostic medicine that aims to maximise human performance in terms of endurance, physical fitness, basal metabolic rate and the ability to resist, postpone or prevent disease. It is a new and innovative medical speciality that merges the goals of internal medi ... Read »


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    • Pharmaceutical medicine

    • Pharmaceutical medicine is a medical discipline concerned with the discovery, evaluation, registration, monitoring and clinical aspects of pharmaceutical development. All medical specialties overlap to some extent, and likewise the boundaries of pharmaceutical medicine are elastic. But, at its centre is the clinical te ... Read »


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    • Phoniatrics

    • Phoniatrics or phoniatry is the study and treatment of organs involved in speech production, mainly the mouth, throat (larynx), vocal cords, and lungs. Problems treated in phoniatrics include dysfunction of the vocal cords, cancer of the vocal cords or larynx, inability to control the speech organs properly (speech dis ... Read »


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    • Photomedicine

    • Photomedicine is an interdisciplinary branch of medicine that involves the study and application of light with respect to health and disease. Photomedicine may be related to the practice of various fields of medicine including dermatology, surgery, interventional radiology, optical diagnostics, cardiology, circadian rh ... Read »


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    • Phthisiology

    • Phthisiology is the care, treatment, and study of tuberculosis of the lung. It is therefore considered a specialisation within the area of pulmonology. The term derives from the designation by Hippocrates of phthisis (Greek φθίσις) meaning "consumption". ... Read »


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    • Physical medicine and rehabilitation

    • Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry /fᵻˈzaɪ.ətri/ or rehabilitation medicine, or physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) outside of the United States, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical ... Read »


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    • Physiurgy

    • Physiurgy is an obsolete term, mainly used in Scandinavia, for a medical specialty that deals with musculoskeletal physiology and diseases. The definition includes many rheumatic diseases, sports injuries and rehabilitation of orthopedic and neurological diseases. Physiurgic therapy include training and exercise therap ... Read »


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    • Plasma medicine

    • Plasma medicine is an emerging field that combines plasma physics, life sciences and clinical medicine. It is being studied in disinfection, healing, and cancer. Most of the research is in vitro and in animal models. It uses ionized gas (physical plasma) for medical uses. Plasma, often called the fourth state of matte ... Read »


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    • Plastic surgery

    • Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It includes cosmetic or aesthetic surgery, reconstructive surgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. In the term plastic surgery, the adjective plastic imp ... Read »


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    • Pneumovesicoscopy

    • Pneumovesicoscopy

      Pneumovescioscopy (from Ancient Greek πνεῦμα (pneuma), meaning "air", Latin Vesica, meaning "bladder" and Ancient Greek σκοπέω (skopeo), meaning "to see") is a minimally invasive surgery procedure increasingly gaining traction for in urologic surgery, especially for children. The p ... Read »


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    • Predictive medicine

    • Predictive medicine is a field of medicine that entails predicting the probability of disease and instituting preventive measures in order to either prevent the disease altogether or significantly decrease its impact upon the patient (such as by preventing mortality or limiting morbidity). While different prediction me ... Read »


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    • Preventive healthcare

    • Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment. Just as health encompasses a variety of physical and mental states, so do disease and disability, which are affected by environmental factors, genetic predisposition ... Read »


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    • Psychiatry

    • Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders. These include various abnormalities related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions. Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination. ... Read »


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    • Psychosomatic medicine

    • Psychosomatic medicine is an interdisciplinary medical field exploring the relationships among social, psychological, and behavioral factors on bodily processes and quality of life in humans and animals. The academic forebear of the modern field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison ... Read »


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    • Pulmonary scientist

    • A Pulmonary Scientist is a health care occupation in the field of diagnostic studies related specifically to pulmonary function, the term Respiratory Scientist may also refer to a Pulmonologist who holds a medical degree and a doctoral degree (MD-PhD). Internationally pulmonary scientists have many different titles, su ... Read »


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    • Radiation therapy

    • Radiation therapy

      Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator. Radiation therapy may be curative in a number of types of cancer if they are localized to on ... Read »


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    • Radiology

    • Radiology is a specialty that uses medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen within the body. A variety of imaging techniques such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine including positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used to diagnos ... Read »


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    • Reproductive endocrinology and infertility

    • Reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) is a surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that trains physicians in reproductive medicine addressing hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility. While most REI specialists primarily focus on the treatment of infe ... Read »


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    • Reproductive medicine

    • Reproductive medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with prevention, diagnosis and management of reproductive problems; goals include improving or maintaining reproductive health and allowing people to have children at a time of their choosing. It is founded on knowledge of reproductive anatomy, physiology, and en ... Read »


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    • Rheumasurgery

    • Rheumasurgery - sometimes called rheumatoid surgery - is a subfield of orthopedics occupied with the surgical treatment of patients with rheumatic diseases. The purpose of the interventions is to limit disease activity, soothe pain and improve function. Rheumasurgical interventions can be divided in two groups. The on ... Read »


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    • Sexual medicine

    • Sexual medicine is a medical specialty that deals with sexual health. At times heavily influenced by current local views on morality, with heavy cultural overlay, in broad terms this specialty is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all aspects which relate to sexuality. Issues can be divided into two mai ... Read »


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    • Space medicine

    • Space medicine is the practice of medicine on astronauts in outer space whereas astronautical hygiene is the application of science and technology to the prevention or control of exposure to the hazards that may cause astronaut ill health. Both these sciences work together to ensure that astronauts work in a safe envir ... Read »


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    • Specialty committees (Norway)

    • Specialty committees in Norway are government-appointed committees, usually consisting of five full members, for each medical specialty. They serve as experts to the Norwegian Directorate of Health in matters relating to their specialty, particularly with a view to the requirements to be certified as a specialist in th ... Read »


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    • Subspecialty

    • A subspecialty or subspeciality (British English) is a narrow field within a specialty such as forensic pathology, which is a subspecialty of anatomical pathology. A subspecialist is a specialist of a subspecialty. In medicine, subspecialization is particularly common in internal medicine, cardiology, and neurology, a ... Read »


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    • Teleophthalmology

    • Teleophthalmology is a branch of telemedicine that delivers eye care through digital medical equipment and telecommunications technology. Today, applications of teleophthalmology encompass access to eye specialists for patients in remote areas, ophthalmic disease screening, diagnosis and monitoring; as well as distant ... Read »


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    • Telepathology

    • Telepathology is the practice of pathology at a distance. It uses telecommunications technology to facilitate the transfer of image-rich pathology data between distant locations for the purposes of diagnosis, education, and research. Performance of telepathology requires that a pathologist selects the video images for ... Read »


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    • Travel medicine

    • Travel medicine or emporiatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention and management of health problems of international travelers. Globalization facilitates the spread of disease and increases the number of travelers who will be exposed to a different health environment. Major content areas of ... Read »


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    • Urogynecology

    • Urogynecology or urogynaecology is a surgical sub-specialty of urology and gynecology. In 1893, Howard Kelly, a gynecologist and pioneering urogynecologist, invented an air cystoscope which was simply a handheld, hollow tube with a glass partition. When the American Surgical Society, later the American College of ... Read »


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    • Urology

    • Doctor of Medicine Urology (from Greek ouron "urine" and -λογία "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology ... Read »


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    • Vaginogram

    • A vaginogram is a medical imaging method in which a radiocontrast agent is injected, and then an X-ray picture is taken to visualize structures of the vagina, This procedure uses a radiocontrast agent that is injected while an X-ray picture is taken to visualize structures of the vagina. It has been used to visualize u ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Medical specialties

Extras