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    Malnutrition

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    • Food politics

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    • Hunger

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    • Hyperalimentation

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    • Malnutrition in India

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    • Malnutrition organizations

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    • Protein–energy malnutrition


    • World Food Programme

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    • Malnutrition

    • Malnutrition

      Malnutrition or malnourishment is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. It may involve calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals. Not enough nutrients is called undernutrition or undernourishment while ... Read »


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    • BP-5 Compact Food

    • BP-5 Compact Food (also known as a BP-5 biscuit) is a high-calorie, vitamin fortified, compact, compressed and dry food, often used by relief agencies for the emergency feeding of refugees and internally displaced persons. BP-5 is available in packs of 2 biscuit bars. Each box of 9 packs contains 500g of food, wit ... Read »


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    • Catabolysis

    • Catabolysis is a biological process in which the body breaks down fat and muscle tissue in order to stay alive. Catabolysis occurs only when there is no longer any source of protein, carbohydrate, or vitamin nourishment feeding all body systems; it is the most severe type of malnutrition. Due to the normal metabolic r ... Read »


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    • Coeliac disease

    • Coeliac disease

      Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is an autoimmune disorder affecting primarily the small intestine that occurs in people who are genetically predisposed. Classic symptoms include gastrointestinal problems such as chronic diarrhoea, abdominal distention, malabsorption, loss of appetite, and among children f ... Read »


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    • Emaciation

    • Emaciation

      Emaciation (/ᵻˌmeɪʃiːˈeɪʃən/ or /ᵻˌmeɪsiːˈeɪʃən/) is defined as extreme weight loss and unnatural thinness due to a loss of subcutaneous fat (the fatty, or adipose tissue beneath the skin) and muscle throughout the body. It affects human beings and animals; one who ... Read »


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    • Epidemiology of malnutrition

    • There were 795 million undernourished people in the world in 2014, a decrease of 216 million since 1990, despite the fact that the world already produces enough food to feed everyone—7 billion people—and could feed more than that—12 billion people. The number of undernourished people (million) in 20 ... Read »


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    • F-100 and F-75 (foods)

    • F-100 and F-75 (also known as Formula 100 and Formula 75) are therapeutic milk products designed to treat severe malnutrition. In 1994, Action Against Hunger / Action Contre la Faim (ACF) pioneered the use of milk formula F-100 for the treatment of severe acute malnutrition. In 1997, a French medical researcher togethe ... Read »


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    • Famine

    • A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. Every inhabited continent in the world has experienced a ... Read »


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    • Famine food

    • A famine food or poverty food is any inexpensive or readily available food used to nourish people in times of extreme poverty or starvation, as during a war, an economic depression or famine. Quite often, the food is thereafter strongly associated with the hardship under which it was eaten, and is therefore socially do ... Read »


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    • Famine relief

    • Famine relief is an organized effort to reduce starvation in a region in which there is famine. A famine is a phenomenon in which a large proportion of the population of a region or country are so undernourished that death by starvation becomes increasingly common. In spite of the much greater technological and economi ... Read »


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    • Feeding disorder

    • A feeding disorder in infancy or early childhood is a child's refusal to eat certain food groups, textures, solids or liquids for a period of at least one month, which causes the child to not gain enough weight, grow naturally, or cause any developmental delays. Feeding disorders resemble failure to thrive, except that ... Read »


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    • Food desert

    • A food desert exists when particularly nutritious food is difficult to obtain due to availability, affordability, distance, or number of procurement points – typically operationalized as supermarkets – in a given area, urban or rural. This has health and diet implications in individuals living in these areas ... Read »


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    • Food desert in West Oakland

    • A food desert is an area, especially one with low-income residents, that has limited access to affordable and nutritious food. In contrast, an area with supermarkets or vegetable shops is termed a food oasis. The term food desert considers the type and quality of food available to the population, in addition to the num ... Read »


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    • Food politics

    • Food politics are the political aspects of the production, control, regulation, inspection, distribution and consumption of food. The politics can be affected by the ethical, cultural, medical and environmental disputes concerning proper farming, agricultural and retailing methods and regulations. Government polic ... Read »


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    • Blockade of Germany

    • Blockade of Germany

      The Blockade of Germany, or the Blockade of Europe, occurred from 1914 to 1919. It was a prolonged naval operation conducted by the Allied Powers during and after World War I in an effort to restrict the maritime supply of goods to the Central Powers, which included Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey. It is considered ... Read »


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    • Global Acute Malnutrition

    • Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) is a measurement of the nutritional status of a population that is often used in protracted refugee situations. Along with the Crude Mortality Rate, it is one of the basic indicators for assessing the severity of a humanitarian crisis. To evaluate levels of GAM, workers in an emerge ... Read »


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    • Global Hunger Index

    • The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation. The GHI measures progress and failures in the global fight against hunger. The GHI is updated once a year. The Index was adopted and further developed by the International Food Policy Re ... Read »


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    • Iodine deficiency in China

    • Iodine deficiency is a widespread problem in western, southern and eastern parts of China, as their iodized salt intake level is much lower than the average national level. Iodine deficiency is a range of disorders that affect many different populations. It is estimated that IDDs affect between 800 million and 2 billio ... Read »


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    • K-Mix 2

    • K-Mix 2 is a high energy food, used for the treatment of severe malnutrition. It was developed by UNICEF in response to the Biafran crisis, and was widely used in later famines in India and Africa. It is a dry mix of When made up, the 100g K-Mix-2 is combined with 60g of oil and 1 litre of water Although extremely e ... Read »


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    • List of countries by food energy intake

    • Food consumption refers to the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by the FAO Food Balance Sheets. However the actual food consumption may be lower than the quantity shown as food availability depending on the magnitude of wastage and losses of food in the household, e.g. during , in preparation ... Read »


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    • Malnutrition in children

    • Malnutrition in children

      Malnutrition in children – here understood as undernutrition – is common globally and results in both short and long term irreversible negative health outcomes including stunted growth which may also be linked to cognitive development deficits, underweight and wasting. The World Health Organization (WHO) esti ... Read »


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    • Malnutrition in Peru

    • Malnutrition is a condition that affects bodily capacities of an individual, including growth, pregnancy, lactation, resistance to illness, and cognitive and physical development. Malnutrition is commonly used in reference to undernourishment, or a condition in which an individual's diet does not include sufficient cal ... Read »


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    • Malnutrition in South Africa

    • Malnutrition continues to be a problem in the Republic of South Africa, although it is not as endemic as in other countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. 15% of South African infants are born with a low birth weight. 5% of South African children are so underweight they are considered to be wasted. Since the 1990s South Afric ... Read »


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    • Malnutrition in Zimbabwe

    • Zimbabwe, a country in southern Africa, is suffering from many diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. "One in four human beings is malnourished" in Africa, but Zimbabwe is near the deep end with almost 12,000 children alone suffering from severe malnutrition (Turner 8). The government is controlled ... Read »


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    • Muesli belt malnutrition

    • Muesli belt malnutrition is a term coined by Professor Vincent Marks, author of the book Panic Nation, to describe the supposed phenomenon that parents feeding their children what is seen as an "extremely healthy" diet could be depriving their children of essential fats. A study carried out at Bristol University exami ... Read »


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    • Muselmann

    • Muselmann (pl. Muselmänner, the German version of Musulman, meaning Muslim) was a slang term used among captives of World War II Nazi concentration camps to refer to those suffering from a combination of starvation (known also as "hunger disease") and exhaustion and who were resigned to their impending death. The Mu ... Read »


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    • NutritionDay

    • "nutritionDay worldwide" is a large scale, worldwide action project designed to reduce disease related malnutrition among hospitalised patients and nursing home residents. The aim of this project is to increase awareness and knowledge regarding disease related malnutrition in hospitalised patients and the elderly. ... Read »


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    • Omegaven

    • Omegaven is a fatty acid emulsion produced by Fresenius Kabi. It is used for total parenteral nutrition (feeding directly into a venous catheter), e.g. in short bowel syndrome. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. It has gained popularity in children in preference to the more commonly used Intralipid after case reports ... Read »


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    • Overnutrition

    • Overnutrition or hyperalimentation is a form of malnutrition in which the intake of nutrients is oversupplied. The amount of nutrients exceeds the amount required for normal growth, development, and metabolism. The term can also refer to: For mineral excess, see: Overnutrition may also refers to greater food consump ... Read »


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    • Pagpag

    • Pagpag is a Tagalog term for leftover food from restaurants (usually from fast-food restaurants) scavenged from garbage sites and dumps. Pagpag food can also be expired frozen meat, fish or vegetables discarded by supermarkets and scavenged in garbage trucks where those expired foods are collected. The word in the Taga ... Read »


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    • Plumpy'nut


    • Positive deviance

    • Positive deviance (PD) is an approach to behavioral and social change based on the observation that in any community there are people whose uncommon but successful behaviors or strategies enable them to find better solutions to a problem than their peers, despite facing similar challenges and having no extra resources ... Read »


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    • Protein poisoning

    • Protein poisoning (also referred to colloquially as rabbit starvation, mal de caribou, or fat starvation) is a rare form of acute malnutrition thought to be caused by a complete absence of fat in the diet. Excess protein is sometimes cited as the cause of this issue; when meat and fat are consumed in the correct ratio ... Read »


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    • Rachitic rosary

    • The prominent knobs of bone at the of rickets patients are known as a rachitic rosary or beading of the ribs. The knobs create the appearance of large beads under the skin of the rib cage, hence the name by analogy with the beads of a Catholic Christian rosary. Causes include: Rachitic rosary is due to a deficie ... Read »


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    • Refugees in Cameroon

    • In 2007, Cameroon hosted a total population of refugees and asylum seekers of approximately 97,400. Of these, 49,300 were from the Central African Republic (many driven west by war), 41,600 from Chad, and 2,900 from Nigeria. Kidnappings of Cameroonian citizens by Central African bandits have increased since 2005. Betw ... Read »


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    • Starvation

    • Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake needed to maintain human life. It is the most extreme form of malnutrition. In humans, prolonged starvation can cause permanent organ damage and eventually, death. The term inanition refers to the symptoms and effects of starvation. Starvation may also be used ... Read »


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    • Starvation response

    • Starvation response in animals is a set of adaptive biochemical and physiological changes that reduce metabolism in response to a lack of food. Equivalent or closely related terms include famine response, starvation mode, famine mode, starvation resistance, starvation tolerance, adapted starvation, adaptive thermogene ... Read »


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    • Stunted growth

    • Stunted growth

      Stunted growth, also known as stunting and nutritional stunting, is a reduced growth rate in human development. It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhea and helminthiasis, in early childhood and even before birth, due to malnutrition dur ... Read »


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    • Tea and toast syndrome

    • Tea and toast syndrome is a form of malnutrition experienced by elderly people who are unable to prepare meals and tend to themselves. Their diets often dwindle to tea and toast resulting in a deficiency of vitamins and other nutrients. The syndrome often manifests itself as hyponatremia, a deficit of sodium, due to th ... Read »


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    • Tropical sprue

    • Tropical sprue

      Tropical sprue is a malabsorption disease commonly found in tropical regions, marked with abnormal flattening of the villi and inflammation of the lining of the small intestine. It differs significantly from coeliac sprue. It appears to be a more severe form of environmental enteropathy. The illness usually starts ... Read »


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    • Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition

    • Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition

      The Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition was adopted on 16 November 1974, by governments who attended the 1974 World Food Conference that was convened under General Assembly resolution 3180 (XXVIII) of 17 December 1973. It was later endorsed by General Assembly resolution 3348 (XXIX), of ... Read »


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    • Wernicke's encephalopathy


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    • Malnutrition

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