Main

  • Landscape architecture

    Landscape architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Landscape architecture

    • Accessible building

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Accessible building


      Wikipedia
    • Construction documents

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Construction documents


      Wikipedia
    • Drainage

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Drainage


      Wikipedia
    • Eco-towns

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Eco-towns


      Wikipedia
    • Ecological restoration

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ecological restoration


      Wikipedia
    • Fountains

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Fountains


      Wikipedia
    • Gardens

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Gardens


      Wikipedia
    • Horticulture and gardening

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Horticulture and gardening


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape architects

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Landscape architects


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape architecture organizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Landscape architecture organizations


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape design history

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Landscape design history


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape ecology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Landscape ecology


      Wikipedia
    • Monuments and memorials

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Monuments and memorials


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape architecture schools

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Landscape architecture schools


      Wikipedia
    • Sustainable gardening

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Sustainable gardening


      Wikipedia
    • Swimming pools

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Swimming pools


      Wikipedia
    • Technical drawing

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Technical drawing


      Wikipedia
    • Town squares

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Town squares


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape design

    • Landscape design is an independent profession and a design and art tradition, practised by landscape designers, combining nature and culture. In contemporary practice, landscape design bridges the space between landscape architecture and garden design. Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landsca ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • American Society of Landscape Architects Medal

    • The American Society of Landscape Architects Medal is awarded by the American Society of Landscape Architects conferred "whose lifetime achievements and contributions to the profession have had a unique and lasting impact on the welfare of the public and the environment." The award is not limited to Americans, and has ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape architecture

    • Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes. It involves the systematic investigation of existing social, ecological, and soil conditions and processes in the landscape, and the design of interventions that wi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • W Architecture & Landscape Architecture


    • Active Design

    • Active design is a set of building and planning principles that promote physical activity. Active design in a building, landscape or city design integrates physical activity into the occupants' everyday routines, such as walking to the store or making a photocopy. Active design involves urban planners, architects, tran ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Applied ecology

    • Applied ecology is a subfield within ecology, which considers the application of the science of ecology to real-world (usually management) questions. It is an integrated treatment of the ecological, social, and biotechnological aspects of natural resource conservation and management. It is also called ecological or env ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Asticou Azalea Garden

    • The Asticou Azalea Garden in Northeast Harbor, Maine, United States, is a popular visitor attraction. It was created by lifelong resident of the village, Charles Kenneth Savage, in 1956. Savage also created Reef Point Estate in nearby Bar Harbor. It was from Reef Point that several specimens, with the financial assista ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Avenue (landscape)

    • In landscaping, an avenue or allée is traditionally a straight path or road with a line of trees or large shrubs running along each side, which is used, as its French source venir ("to come") indicates, to emphasize the "coming to," or arrival at a landscape or architectural feature. In most cases, the trees planted ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Axe historique

    • The Axe historique (pronounced: [aks istɔʁik]; English: historical axis) is a line of monuments, buildings and thoroughfares that extends from the centre of Paris, France, to the west. It is also known as the Voie Triomphale ("triumphal way"). The Axe Historique began with the creation of the Champs Élysà ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ben-Gurion International Airport Garden

    • The Ben-Gurion International Airport Garden is a garden outside Terminal 3 of Ben-Gurion International Airport on the outskirts of Tel Aviv, Israel, designed by the architecture firm of Shlomo Aronson. Originally, the design of the airport included one parking garage but at the suggestion of local lead architect R ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • The Berg

    • The Berg was a proposed landscaping project by German architect Jakob Tigges to build the world's largest artificial mountain at the location of the present Tempelhof airport in Berlin, Germany. Plans to construct a 1,000-metre-high (3,300 ft) mountain that could serve as a recreation area and wildlife refuge were n ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Bioretention

    • Bioretention is the process in which contaminants and sedimentation are removed from stormwater runoff. Stormwater is collected into the treatment area which consists of a grass buffer strip, sand bed, ponding area, organic layer or mulch layer, planting soil, and plants. Runoff passes first over or through a sand bed, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Block paving

    • Block paving also known as brick paving is a commonly used decorative method of creating a pavement or hardstanding. The main benefit of bricks over other materials is that individual bricks can later be lifted up and replaced. This allows for remedial work to be carried out under the surface of the paving without leav ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Blue-Green Cities

    • The Blue-Green Cities research project was led by Prof Colin Thorne, University of Nottingham, and ran from 2013-2016. Nine UK Universities were involved in addition to numerous academic, industry and local government partners. Blue-Green Cities aimed to recreate a naturally oriented water cycle while contributing to t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Bonded Fibre Matrix

    • Bonded Fibre Matrix (BFM) mulch is a unique class of hydroseeding erosion control product. The matrix is a continuous layer of elongated fibre strands held together by a water-resistant bonding agent. It keeps raindrops from hitting the soil because it has no holes larger than one millimetre. It allows no gaps between ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Burnham Plan of Chicago

    • Burnham Plan of Chicago

      The Burnham Plan is a popular name for the 1909 Plan of Chicago, co-authored by Daniel Burnham and Edward H. Bennett. It recommended an integrated series of projects including new and widened streets, parks, new railroad and harbor facilities, and civic buildings. Though only portions of the plan were realized, the doc ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool

    • Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool

      Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool, also known as Lincoln Park Lily Pool, is an example of Prairie School landscape architecture designed by Alfred Caldwell and located at 125 W. Fullerton Parkway (between Stockton and Cannon Drives) in Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois. It was designated a Chicago Landmark on November 6, 2002. I ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cattle rubbing stone

    • Cattle Rubbing Stones, known as Clawin Posts in Scots were once a common sight in pastures and were provided to allow cattle to rub their skin without causing damage to field infrastructure such as fences and straining posts or natural features such as trees. Many have been removed to accommodate the needs of modern fa ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Churchyards in Northwestern France

    • Main article Churchyards Churchyards in northwestern France are often much older than the church itself. The shape and the height are both indicators of age. Churches often sit on sites of great antiquity, long predating Christianity. The general rectangular shape of today’s churchyard began in the early mid ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cluster farm

    • A cluster farm (Norwegian: klyngetun) is a term for a traditional western Norwegian farm settlement with multiple individual farms and with the houses of the various farms located close together, more or less irregularly in relation to each other, so that it is difficult to see any regular pattern. Typical examples of ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Collective landscape

    • The term collective landscape was introduced to landscape design and landscape planning by Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe. He wrote, on the dust jacket of It appears that the term was inspired by Carl Jung's use of the term collective unconscious. Jellicoe admired Jung, but the use of 'collective landscape' in the above qu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Colonial Revival garden

    • A Colonial Revival garden is a garden design intended to evoke the garden design typical of the Colonial period of the United States. The Colonial Revival garden is typified by simple rectilinear beds, straight (rather than winding) pathways through the garden, and perennial plants from the fruit, ornamental flower, an ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Conservation and restoration of historic gardens

    • Historic garden conservation is a specialised type of historic preservation and conservation or restoration concerned with historical and landmark gardens and designed landscapes. Practitioners predominantly come from backgrounds in horticulture, garden design, landscape design, and landscape architecture. To prep ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Country Place Era

    • The Country Place Era was a period from about c.1890 to 1930, of landscape architecture design during which wealthy Americans commissioned extensive gardens in their country estates, emulating European gardens that the Americans had seen in European travels. Landscape architects involved include Charles Gillette, Frede ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Damp proofing

    • Damp proofing in construction is a type of moisture control applied to building walls and floors to prevent moisture from passing into the interior spaces. Damp problems are one of the most frequent problems encountered in homes. Damp proofing is defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Designed landscape

    • A designed landscape is an area of land which has been modified by people for primarily aesthetic effect. The term is used by historians to denote various types of site, such as gardens, parks, cemeteries, and estates. Such sites are often protected for their historic or artistic value. A designed landscape may compris ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Desire path

    • A desire path (formally referred to as desire line in transportation planning, also known as a game trail, social trail, herd path, cow path, goat track, pig trail or bootleg trail) can be a path created as a consequence of erosion caused by human or animal foot-fall or traffic. The path usually represents the shortest ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Die Berg Komt Er

    • Die Berg Komt Er ("That Mountain Is Coming") was a proposed construction in the Netherlands. The concept was to create a man-made mountain in a country famed for its generally flat landscape. It was suggested in a column by Thijs Zonneveld, whose thoughts on the idea were initially intended to be comedic. However, it q ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Eco-municipality

    • An eco-municipality or eco-town is a local government area that has adopted ecological and social justice values in its charter. The development of eco-municipalities stems from changing systems in Sweden, where more than seventy municipal governments have accepted varying principles of sustainability in their operatio ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ecodistrict

    • An ecodistrict or eco-district is a neologism associating the terms "district" and "eco" as an abbreviation of ecological. It designates an urban planning aiming to integrate objectives of "sustainable development" and reduce the ecological footprint of the project. This notion insists on the consideration of the whole ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ecological design

    • Ecological design is defined by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan as "any form of design that minimizes environmentally destructive impacts by integrating itself with living processes." Ecological design is an integrative ecologically responsible design discipline. It helps connect scattered efforts in green architectu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ecological urbanism

    • The ecological urbanism project draws from ecology to inspire an urbanism that is more socially inclusive and sensitive to the environment, as well as less ideologically driven, than green urbanism or sustainable urbanism. In many ways, ecological urbanism is an evolution of, and a critique of, Landscape Urbanism argui ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • EDSA (company)

    • EDSA, Inc. (previously known as Edward Durell Stone, Jr., and Associates) is a planning, landscape architecture, and urban design firm founded in 1960. The company is headquartered in Fort Lauderdale, Florida with offices in Orlando, Florida; Baltimore, Maryland; and Shanghai, China. EDSA Orient Beijing is a joint ven ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Edsel and Eleanor Ford House

    • Edsel and Eleanor Ford House

      The Edsel and Eleanor Ford House is a mansion located at 1100 Lake Shore Drive in Grosse Pointe Shores, northeast of Detroit, Michigan; it stands on the site known as "Gaukler Point", on the shore of Lake St. Clair. The house became the new residence of the Edsel and Eleanor Ford family in 1929. Edsel Ford was the son ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Energy-efficient landscaping

    • Energy-efficient landscaping is a type of landscaping designed for the purpose of conserving energy. There is a distinction between the embedded energy of materials and constructing the landscape, and the energy consumed by the maintenance and operations of a landscape. Design techniques include: Energy-efficient lan ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • European Foundation for Landscape Architecture

    • The European Federation for Landscape Architecture (EFLA) is the professional organization for landscape architecture in Europe. It acts as champion in the promotion of EU and Council of Europe landscape policies, directives and agreements. Membership of EFLA is open to national associations for landscape architecture ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Eyecatchers

    • An eyecatcher is something artificial that has been placed in the landscape as a to "catch the eye" or gain a viewer's attention. It is used to decorate or ornament landscapes for aesthethic reasons, and are typically found in gardens, parks and the grounds of stately homes. Many of these can be found in various forms ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Florentine citron

    • Florentine citron

      The Florentine citron – citron hybrid of Florence (Italian: cedrato di Firenze) – is a very fragrant citrus fruit, which is named after its most known origin of cultivation. Its scientific name is Citrus ×limonimedica 'Florentina' Lush. The source of this variety or hybrid is from the Italian Renaissa ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Folly

    • In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but suggesting through its appearance some other purpose, or of such extravagant appearance that it transcends the range of garden ornaments usually associated with the class of buildings to which it belongs. 18th century English gardens and ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Footbridge

    • A footbridge (also called a pedestrian bridge, pedestrian overpass, or pedestrian overcrossing) is a bridge designed for pedestrians and in some cases cyclists, animal traffic, and horse riders, instead of vehicular traffic. Footbridges complement the landscape and can be used decoratively to visually link two distinct ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Forrec

    • FORREC Ltd

      Forrec Ltd. (customarily styled FORREC) is a Toronto-based entertainment design firm that designs and plans theme parks, water parks, resorts, retail and mixed use developments and visitor attractions around the world. FORREC’s global client base includes high-profile brands like Universal Studios, LEGOLAND, Nicke ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Fountain

    • A fountain (from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect. Fountains were originally purely functional, connected to springs or aqueducts and used to pr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Fountaineer

    • Fountaineer is a portmanteau of "Fountain" and "Engineer" - Hydraulic engineer. Fountaineer describes one who designs, explores, or is passionate about fountains and their design, operation, and use. Fountaineer are an indie-rock band from Bendigo, Australia consisting of brothers Anthony and Francis White and Kieran ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Garden of the gods (Sumerian paradise)

    • Samuel Noah Kramer suggested that the concept of a Garden of the gods or a divine paradise might be of Sumerian origin. The concept of this home of the immortals was later handed down to the Babylonians who conquered Sumer. Sumerian paradise is usually associated with the Dilmun civilization of Eastern Arabia. Sir ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Lester George

    • Lester George is an internationally renowned golf course architect who was born in Wiesbaden, Germany in 1955 while his father was stationed there by the United States Air Force. After attending The University of Richmond, where he founded the school’s orienteering team, George settled in Richmond, Virginia. Foll ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Geotextile

    • Geotextiles are permeable fabrics which, when used in association with soil, have the ability to separate, filter, reinforce, protect, or drain. Typically made from polypropylene or polyester, geotextile fabrics come in three basic forms: woven (resembling mail bag sacking), needle punched (resembling felt), or heat bo ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • German Fountain

    • The German Fountain (Turkish: Alman Çeşmesi German: Deutscher Brunnen) is a gazebo styled fountain in the northern end of old hippodrome (Sultanahmet Square), Istanbul, Turkey and across from the Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I. It was constructed to commemorate the second anniversary of German Emperor Wilhelm II's v ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Giardino all'italiana


    • Giardino Bardini

    • The Giardino Bardini is an Italian Renaissance garden in Florence, Italy. Opened only recently to the public, it is relatively little-known. The garden boasts many statues and panoramic views over the city. Wildlife in the garden includes rock pigeons, blackbirds and woodpigeons. Access is gained via the Via de' ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Gloriette

    • Coordinates: 48°10′41″N 16°18′30″E / 48.17806°N 16.30833°E / 48.17806; 16.30833 A gloriette (from the 12th century French gloire meaning "little room") is a building in a garden erected on a site that is elevated with respect to the surroundings. The structural executi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Grade (slope)

    • The grade (also called slope, incline, gradient, mainfall, pitch or rise) of a physical feature, landform or constructed line refers to the tangent of the angle of that surface to the horizontal. It is a special case of the gradient in calculus where zero indicates gravitational level. A larger number indicates higher ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Grading (engineering)

    • Grading in civil engineering and landscape architectural construction is the work of ensuring a level base, or one with a specified slope, for a construction work such as a foundation, the base course for a road or a railway, or landscape and garden improvements, or surface drainage. The earthworks created for such a p ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • The Great Rivers Greenway District

    • The Great Rivers Greenway District is an organization created in November 2000 by the passage of Proposition C (Clean Water, Safe Parks and Community Trails Initiative) in the City of St. Louis, St. Louis County and St. Charles County, Missouri. Prop C created a one tenth of one cent sales tax devoted to the creation o ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Green roof

    • A green roof or living roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium, planted over a waterproofing membrane. It may also include additional layers such as a root barrier and drainage and irrigation systems. Container gardens on roofs, where plants are maintain ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Greenstein Har-Gil, Landscape Architecture

    • Greenstein Har-Gil, Landscape Architecture Ltd is an Israeli landscape architecture firm. The firm was established in 1988 and is located on Mount Carmel in Haifa. Greenstein Har-Gil is involved in a wide range of projects, among them: urban parks, promenades, urban renewal, "nature in the city", water sites, cultural ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Greenway (landscape)

    • A greenway is "a strip of undeveloped land near an urban area, set aside for recreational use or environmental protection". However, the term can in fact include "a scenic road" and though many are in urban areas, there are some rural greenways, as for example the Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway, a hiking trail in southern ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hanging garden (cultivation)

    • A hanging garden is a sustainable landscape architecture, an artistic garden or a small urban farm: attached to or built on a wall. They are mainly found in areas where land is scarce or where the farmer is mobile or not permanent. The most famous hanging gardens were the legendary Hanging Gardens of Babylon. They ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hard landscape materials

    • The term hard landscape is used by practitioners of landscape architecture and garden design to describe the construction materials which are used to improve a landscape by design. The corresponding term soft landscape materials is used to describe vegetative materials such as plants, grasses, shrubs, trees etc. to imp ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hedge

    • A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and tree species, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area, such as between neighbouring properties. Hedges used to separate a road from adjoining fields or one field from another, and of sufficient age to incorporate larger trees, a ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • History of landscape architecture

    • The discussion of the history of landscape architecture is a complex endeavor as it shares much of its history with that of landscape gardening and architecture, spanning the entirety of man's existence. However, it was not until relatively recent history that the term "landscape architecture" or even "landscape archit ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • History of parks and gardens of Paris

    • Paris today has more than 421 municipal parks and gardens, covering more than three thousand hectares and containing more than 250,000 trees. Two of Paris's oldest and most famous gardens are the Tuileries Garden, created in 1564 for the Tuileries Palace, and redone by André Le Nôtre in 1664; and the Luxembourg ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • John Dixon Hunt

    • John Dixon Hunt is an English-born landscape historian. His work particularly focuses on the time between the turn of the seventeenth through the end of the 18th centuries in France and England. Professor Hunt began his academic career teaching English literature. He is the author of innumerable articles [not only in l ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hydraulophone

    • Hydraulophone

      A hydraulophone is a tonal acoustic musical instrument played by direct physical contact with water (sometimes other fluids) where sound is generated or affected hydraulically. Typically, sound is produced by the same hydraulic fluid in contact with the player's fingers. The term also refers to an acoustic sound-produc ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Infinity pool

    • An infinity pool is a reflecting or swimming pool where the water flows over one or more edges, producing a visual effect of water with no boundary. Such pools are often designed such that the edge appears to merge with a larger body of water such as the ocean, or with the sky. They are often seen at resorts, estates, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Italian Renaissance garden

    • The Italian Renaissance garden was a new style of garden which emerged in the late 15th century at villas in Rome and Florence, inspired by classical ideals of order and beauty, and intended for the pleasure of the view of the garden and the landscape beyond, for contemplation, and for the enjoyment of the sights, soun ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Jardin Atlantique

    • The Jardin Atlantique is a public park and garden located in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, on the roof that covers the tracks and platforms of the Gare Montparnasse railway station. It has an area of 3.4 hectares. It was created by the landscape architects Brun, Penna and Schnitzler, and opened in 1994. The garden ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Kitchen garden

    • The traditional kitchen garden, also known as a potager (in French, jardin potager) or in Scotland a kailyaird, is a space separate from the rest of the residential garden – the ornamental plants and lawn areas. Most vegetable gardens are still miniature versions of old family farm plots, but the kitchen garden is ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • LABash

    • LABash is an annual student Landscape Architecture conference held in North America. Each year, LABash is hosted by a different University in the United States or Canada. Students and professionals, have traveled from Canada and some as far away as South Korea and New Zealand to attend. The conference consists of guest ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • The Landscape Agency

    • The Landscape Agency is a British landscape architecture company that was founded in 1998 by Patrick James. The company specializes in landscape design, landscape planning and landscape management with a focus on the conservation of historic landscapes. The company is based in York and is run by Managing Director Alex ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape architecture design competitions

    • Landscape architecture competitions are structured similarly to other types of design competitions (architecture, industrial design, graphic design etc.). In the case of landscape architecture design competitions, the procedure is sponsored by an organization or client that intends on implementing a new landscape desig ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape assessment

    • Landscape assessment is a sub-category of environmental impact assessment (EIA) concerned with quality assessment of the landscape. Landscape quality is assessed either as part of a strategic planning process or in connection with a specific development which will affect the landscape. These methods are sub-divided int ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape design for educational function

    • Modern landscape design for educational function is a board concept. Depends on detailed functions and significances, it's divided by three types. 1. Landscapes which are • located in educational institutions (campuses, primary schools, kindergartens, training institutions, etc.) • landscapes just for enjo ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape design software

    • Landscape design software is used by landscape architects, landscape designers and garden designers to create planting, softworks, groundworks and hardworks (see definitions below) plans before constructing a landscape. There are two levels of software available, amateur and professional. The former is usually aimed a ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape engineering

    • Landscape engineering' is the application of mathematics and science to shape land and waterscapes. It can also be described as green engineering, but the design professionals best known for landscape engineering are landscape architects. Landscape engineering is the interdisciplinary application of engineering and oth ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape Institute

    • The Landscape Institute (LI) is a British professional body for landscape architects. Founded in 1929 as the Institute of Landscape Architects, it was granted a Royal Charter in 1997. The Institute aims to promote landscape architecture, and to regulate the profession with a code of conduct that members must abide by. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape lighting

    • Landscape lighting or garden lighting refers to the use of outdoor illumination of private gardens and public landscapes; for the enhancement and purposes of safety, nighttime aesthetics, accessibility, security, recreation and sports, and social and event uses. The public landscape and gardens have been illuminat ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape maintenance

    • Landscape maintenance (or groundskeeping) is the art and vocation of keeping a landscape healthy, clean, safe and attractive, typically in a garden, yard, park, institutional setting or estate. Using tools, supplies, knowledge, physical exertion and skills, a groundskeeper may plan or carry out annual plantings and har ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape planning

    • Landscape planning is a branch of landscape architecture. According to Erv Zube (1931–2002) landscape planning is defined as an activity concerned with reconciling competing land uses while protecting natural processes and significant cultural and natural resources. Urban park systems and greenways of the type pl ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscape urbanism

    • Landscape urbanism is a theory of urban planning arguing that the best way to organize cities is through the design of the city's landscape, rather than the design of its buildings. The phrase 'landscape urbanism' first appeared in the mid 1990s. Since this time, the phrase 'landscape urbanism' has taken on many differ ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Landscaping

    • Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including: Landscaping requires expertise in horticulture and artistic design. Construction requires study and observation. It is not the same in different parts of the world. Landscaping varies according to different region ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Linear park

    • A linear park is a park in an urban or suburban setting that is substantially longer than it is wide. Some are rail trails ("rails to trails"), that is disused railroad beds converted to recreational use, while others use of strips of public land next to canals, streams, extended defensive walls, electrical lines, high ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of garden types

    • A wide range of garden types exists. Below is a list of examples. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of horticulture and gardening books/publications


    • List of landscape gardens

    • This a list of notable "English" landscape gardens: ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of parks and gardens in Berlin


    • List of parks and gardens in Paris

    • Paris, France today has more than 421 municipal parks and gardens, covering more than three thousand hectares and containing more than 250,000 trees. The following is a list of public parks and gardens in the city. The Bois de Boulogne (16th arrondissement) Bois de Vincennes (12th arrondissement) Parc André C ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of schools of landscape architecture

    • Universities and other institutions in many parts of the world offer qualifications in landscape architecture. See Academic Degree for Spain. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Living machine

    • Living Machine is a trademark and brand name for a patented form of ecological sewage treatment designed to mimic the cleansing functions of wetlands. Similar to Solar Aquatics Systems, the latest generation of the technology is based on fixed-film ecology and the ecological processes of a natural tidal wetland, one of ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Loddiges

    • The Loddiges family (not uncommonly mis-spelt Loddige) managed one of the most notable of the eighteenth and nineteenth century plant nurseries that traded in and introduced exotic plants, trees, shrubs, ferns, palms and orchids into European gardens. The founder of the nursery was Joachim Conrad Loddiges (1738â ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Marconi Plaza, Philadelphia

    • Marconi Plaza is an urban park square located in South Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Plaza was named to recognize the 20th Century cultural identity in Philadelphia of the surrounding Italian-American enclave neighborhood and became the designation location of the annual Columbus Day Parade. Marconi Pl ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Gilbert Laing Meason

    • Gilbert Laing Meason of Lindertis FRSE FSA (3 July 1769 – 14 August 1832) was a Scottish merchant and agricultural improver, best remembered as the originator of the term landscape architecture. He was born Gilbert Laing in Kirkwall, the son of Robert Laing and Barbara Blaw. His brothers were the historian Malcol ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Monument

    • A monument is a type of structure that was explicitly created to commemorate a person or event, or which has become important to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, or as an example of historic architecture. The term 'monument' is often applied to buildings or structure ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cemetery of Lost Cemeteries

    • The monument commemorates the necropolis which no longer exists in the city of Gdańsk, Poland. It is dedicated to the citizens of Gdańsk who were once buried in one of the city’s 27 graveyards either destroyed during World War II or bulldozed on purpose after the end of the war. The monument was designed t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Mossèn Costa i Llobera Gardens


    • Natural landscaping

    • Natural landscaping, also called native gardening, is the use of native plants, including trees, shrubs, groundcover, and grasses which are indigenous to the geographic area of the garden. Natural landscaping is adapted to the climate, geography and hydrology and should require no pesticides, fertilizers and water ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Naturescaping

    • Naturescaping (or nature scaping) is a method of landscape design and landscaping that allows people and nature to coexist with landscaping. By incorporating certain plants, especially native ones, into one's yard, one can attract beneficial insects, birds, and other creatures, and help keep our rivers and streams heal ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nightscape

    • A nightscape or night view is the visible features of an area of landscape as viewed at night. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Niwaki

    • Niwaki (庭木) is the Japanese word for "garden trees". Niwaki is also a descriptive word for highly "sculpting trees". Most varieties of plants used in Japanese gardens are called niwaki. These trees help to create the structure of the garden. Japanese gardens are not about using large range of plants, rather ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Northumberlandia

    • Northumberlandia (the "Lady of the North") is a huge land sculpture in the shape of a reclining female figure, which was completed in 2012, near Cramlington, Northumberland, northern England. Made of 1.5 million tonnes of earth from neighbouring Shotton Surface Mine, it is 34 metres (112 feet) high and 400 metres (1,3 ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Olmsted Brothers

    • The Olmsted Brothers company was an influential landscape architectural firm in the United States, formed in 1898 by brothers John Charles Olmsted (1852–1920) and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. (1870–1957), who were the sons of the eminent landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The Olmsted brothers inher ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Olmsted Portland park plan

    • The plan for a park system in Portland, Oregon produced by the Olmsted Brothers landscape architecture firm in 1903 served as the model for much of the young U.S. city's development, including neighborhood and regional parks, scenic boulevards, and pedestrian pathways. The Olmsteds were retained by the city's new Park ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Paradise garden

    • The paradise garden is a form of garden of Old Persian origin. Originally referred to by a single noun signifying "a walled-in compound or garden"; from pairi (around) and daeza or diz (wall, brick, or shape), Xenophon translated the Persian phrase pairidaeza into the Greek version Paradeisos. The enclosed garden conce ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Parc André Citroën


    • Parc de la Villette

    • The Parc de la Villette is the third-largest park in Paris, 55.5 hectares in area, located at the northeastern edge of the city in the 19th arrondissement. The park houses one of the largest concentration of cultural venues in Paris, including the Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie (City of Science and Industry, Eu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Park furniture

    • Park furniture is similar to street furniture but located in a park or garden. Examples include: See also garden furniture. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Patte d'Oie


    • Pattern gardening

    • Pattern gardening is a method of designing gardens influenced by the concepts of patterns and pattern language originated by Christopher Alexander. It reflects the archetypal patterns of garden making, based on proportions and how the senses react. Patterns give coherence to garden design and communicate creativity and ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Peckerwood Garden

    • Peckerwood Garden is a Garden Conservancy garden located in Hempstead, Texas. The garden was founded by John G. Fairey, who gathered seeds of rare and endangered plants through a series of expeditions into Mexico, and creating an aesthetic setting for them at Peckerwood Garden. The garden is located between Austin ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Permaculture

    • Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered on simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems. Permaculture was developed, and the term coined by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978. It has many branches that include but are not limited ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Piazza telematica

    • In the fields of urban planning, urban regeneration and e-government, the term piazza telematica has been used in Italy since the early 1990s by a number of community network and local institutions for promoting the insertion, inside the urban upgrading processes, of the principles of sustainable development and of acc ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Placemaking

    • Placemaking is a multi-faceted approach to the planning, design and management of public spaces. Placemaking capitalizes on a local community's assets, inspiration, and potential, with the intention of creating public spaces that promote people's health, happiness, and well being. It is political due to the nature of p ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Playscape

    • A Playscape (’plā, skāp) is a playful landscape characterised by the occurrence of enjoyment by the public & all those that interact with it. Sometimes used to refer to playspaces that look and feel like a natural environment. However, landscape architects and designers are increasingly using the term to exp ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Plot plan

    • A plot plan is an architecture, engineering, and/or landscape architecture plan drawing—diagram which shows the buildings, utility runs, and equipment layout, the position of roads, and other constructions of an existing or proposed project site at a defined scale. Plot plans are also known more commonly as site p ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • The Pollinator Pathway

    • The Pollinator Pathway is a participatory art, design and ecology social sculpture initiative founded by the artist and designer Sarah Bergmann. Its objective is to connect existing isolated green spaces and create a more hospitable urban environment for pollinators like bees with a system of ecological corridors of fl ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Pond liner

    • A pond liner is an impermeable geomembrane used for water retention, including the lining of lakes, garden ponds and artificial streams in parks and gardens. Pond liners need to be protected from sharp objects (for example, stones) below the liner and from being punctured by any objects in the water body. Protection c ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Promenade des Berges de la Seine

    • The Promenade des Berges de la Seine is a public park and promenade located along the left bank of the Seine river in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, between the Pont de l'Alma and the Musée d'Orsay. The promenade, created on the former highway that ran along the left bank, includes five floating gardens, planted a ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Rain garden

    • A rain garden is a planted depression or a hole that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas, like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, and compacted lawn areas, the opportunity to be absorbed. This reduces rain runoff by allowing stormwater to soak into the ground (as opposed to flowing into storm dra ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl

    • Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl is one of the leading landscape architecture practices of Germany specialising in the integration of art, urban hydrology, environmental engineering, and landscape architecture within an urban context. The practise was founded in 1980 by the German landscape architect Herbert Dreiseitl with a g ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Reclaimed water

    • Reclaimed or recycled water (also called wastewater reuse or water reclamation) is the process of converting wastewater into water that can be reused for other purposes. Reuse may include irrigation of gardens and agricultural fields or replenishing surface water and groundwater (i.e., groundwater recharge). Reused wat ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Regrading

    • Regrading is the process of grading for raising and/or lowering the levels of land. Such a project can also be referred to as a regrade. Regrading may be done on a small scale (as in preparation of a house site) or on quite a large scale (as in major reconfiguration of the terrain of a city, such as the Denny Regrade ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Regrading in Seattle

    • The topography of central Seattle was radically altered by a series of regrades in the city's first century of urban settlement, in what might have been the largest such alteration of urban terrain at the time. The heart of Seattle, largest city in the state of Washington, is on an isthmus between the city's chief har ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of Remarkable Gardens of France

    • The Remarkable Gardens of France is intended to be a list and description, by region, of the more than three hundred gardens classified as "Jardins remarquables" by the French Ministry of Culture and the Comité des Parcs et Jardins de France. The complete list of gardens can be found on: site of the Comité des Pa ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Royal Park, Melbourne

    • Royal Park is the largest of Melbourne's inner city parks (181 hectares). It is located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of the Melbourne Central Business District, Victoria, Australia, in the suburb of Parkville. Many sporting facilities are provided including the North Park Tennis Club, Royal Park Golf Course, footbal ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Samban-Lei Sekpil

    • Sambal-Lei Sekpil is the world's tallest topiary. Created by Moirangthem Okendra Kumbi, it is modelled in the shape of a series of open umbrellas and spheres. Okendra started mending the Sambal-Lei in 1983, originally planted by his sister in a small mustard oil can. Sambal-Lei is a flowering shrub use for fencing gar ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Screened porch

    • A screened porch is a type of porch or similar structure on or near the exterior of a house that has been covered by window screens in order to hinder insects, debris, and other undesirable objects from entering the area inside the screen. Typically created to enhance the liveability of a structure that would otherwise ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sense of place

    • The term sense of place has been used in many different ways. To some, it is a characteristic that some geographic places have and some do not, while to others it is a feeling or perception held by people (not by the place itself). It is often used in relation to those characteristics that make a place special or uniqu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Site plan

    • A site plan is an architectural plan, landscape architecture document, and a detailed engineering drawing of proposed improvements to a given lot. A site plan usually shows a building footprint, travelways, parking, drainage facilities, sanitary sewer lines, water lines, trails, lighting, and landscaping and garden ele ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Site planning

    • Site planning in landscape architecture and architecture refers to the organizational stage of the landscape design process. It involves the organization of land use zoning, access, circulation, privacy, security, shelter, land drainage, and other factors. This is done by arranging the compositional elements of landfor ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Site-specific art

    • Site-specific art is artwork created to exist in a certain place. Typically, the artist takes the location into account while planning and creating the artwork. The actual term was promoted and refined by Californian artist Robert Irwin, but it was actually first used in the mid-1970s by young sculptors, such as Patric ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sod

    • Sod or turf is grass and the part of the soil beneath it held together by the roots, or a piece of thin material. In British English such material is more usually known as turf, and the word "sod" is limited mainly to agricultural senses (for example for turf when ploughed). Sod is typically used for lawns, golf ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sod Solutions

    • Sod Solutions, a sod company founded in 1994, develops, conducts research on, and markets patented and trademarked grasses. The company markets various types of sod brands like Celebration,Discovery, and others. On May 30, 2012, a partnership was announced between 21 Florida sod producers from the Florida Sod Growers ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Soft landscape materials

    • The term soft landscape is used by practitioners of landscape design, landscape architecture, and garden design; and gardeners to describe the vegetative materials which are used to improve a landscape by design. The corresponding term hard landscape is used to describe construction materials. The range of soft landsca ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Soil conservation

    • Soil conservation is the preventing of soil loss from [erosion] or reduced fertility caused by over usage,[Soil acidification acidification] [salinization] or other chemical [soil contamination]. [Slash-and-burn] and other unsustainable methods of [subsistence farming] are practiced in some lesser developed areas. A s ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Space in landscape design

    • Space in landscape design refers to theories about the meaning and nature of space as a volume and as an element of design. The concept of space as the fundamental medium of landscape design grew from debates tied to modernism, contemporary art, Asian art and design- as seen in the Japanese garden, and architecture. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Spanish garden

    • A traditional Spanish Garden is a style of garden or designed landscape developed in historic Spain, incorporating principles and elements of garden design from precedents in ancient Persian gardens, Roman gardens and Islamic gardens, and the great Moorish gardens of the Al-Andalus era on the Iberian Peninsula. In the ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Spark (architects)

    • SPARK is an award winning international architecture and urban design practice based in Beijing, London, Singapore and Shanghai. Since 2001 the studio was responsible for designing a wide range of projects from complex multi-phase mixed use buildings to small scale special urban infill projects. Spark is an archit ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Spatial design

    • Spatial design is a relatively new conceptual design discipline that crosses the boundaries of traditional design specialisms such as architecture, landscape architecture, landscape design, interior design and service design as well as certain areas of public art. It focuses upon the flow of people between multiple ar ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Spirit of place

    • Spirit of place (or soul) refers to the unique, distinctive and cherished aspects of a place; often those celebrated by artists and writers, but also those cherished in folk tales, festivals and celebrations. It is thus as much in the invisible weave of culture (stories, art, memories, beliefs, histories, etc.) as it i ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Strollology

    • Strollology or Promenadology is the science of strolling (German: Spaziergangswissenschaft) as a method in the field of aesthetics and cultural studies with the aim of becoming aware of the conditions of perception of the environment and enhancement of environmental perception itself. Based on traditional methods in c ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Subtropical climate vegetated roof

    • A subtropical climate vegetated roof (SCV roof) is a type of green building practice that employs a planted soil media installed above a waterproof roof deck to obtain environmental benefits and address sustainability concerns, similar to traditional green roofs located in northern continental United States. Soil media ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sustainable gardening

    • Sustainable gardening includes the more specific sustainable landscapes, sustainable landscape design, sustainable landscaping, sustainable landscape architecture, resulting in sustainable sites. It comprises a disparate group of horticultural interests that can share the aims and objectives associated with the interna ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sustainable landscape architecture

    • Sustainable landscape architecture is a category of sustainable design concerned with the planning and design of outdoor space. This can include ecological, politically correct, social and economic aspects of sustainability. For example, the design of a sustainable urban drainage system can: improve habitats for fauna ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sustainable landscaping

    • Sustainable landscaping encompasses a variety of practices that have developed in response to environmental issues. These practices are used in every phase of landscaping, including design, construction, implementation and management of residential and commercial landscapes. Sustainability issues for landscaping i ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sustainable planting

    • Sustainable planting is an approach to planting design and landscaping-gardening that balances the need for resource conservation with the needs of farmers pursuing their livelihood. The demand on resources, specifically land/crops, is constantly increasing due to the long human lifespan. It is a form of sustainable ag ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Systematic Paris-Region

    • Systematic Paris-Region is an Île-de-France business cluster created in 2005, devoted to complex systems and ICT. During its first two years of operation, The cluster Systematic Paris-Region has launched 207 research projects representing 975 million euros of investments consisting of 380 million from state aid ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Tiltyard

    • A tiltyard (or tilt yard or tilt-yard) was an enclosed courtyard for jousting. Tiltyards were a common feature of Tudor era castles and palaces. The Horse Guards Parade in London was formerly the tiltyard constructed by Henry VIII as an entertainment venue adjacent to Whitehall Palace; it was the site of the Accession ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Town square

    • A town square is an open public space commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. Other names for town square are civic center, city square, urban square, market square, public square, piazza, plaza, and town green. Most town squares are hardscapes suitable for open markets, music ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Upside-down gardening

    • Upside-down gardening is a hanging vegetable garden being the suspension of soil and seedlings of a kitchen garden to stop pests and blight,and eliminate the typical gardening tasks of tilling, weeding, and staking plants. The vegetable growing yield is only marginally affected. Kathi (Lael) Morris was the first known ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Urban acupuncture

    • Urban acupuncture is a socio-environmental theory that combines contemporary urban design with traditional Chinese acupuncture, using small-scale interventions to transform the larger urban context. Sites are selected through analysis of aggregate social, economic and ecological factors, and are developed through a dia ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Urban design

    • Urban design is the process of designing and shaping cities, towns and villages. In contrast to architecture, which focuses on the design of individual buildings, urban design deals with the larger scale of groups of buildings, streets and public spaces, whole neighborhoods and districts, and entire cities, with the go ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Victory garden

    • Victory gardens, also called war gardens or food gardens for defense, were vegetable, fruit, and herb gardens planted at private residences and public parks in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and Germany during World War I and World War II. They were used along with Rationing Stamps and Cards to re ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Villa Bologna

    • Villa Bologna

      Villa Bologna is a Maltese stately home, in the village of Attard in the central district of Malta. Built in opulent Baroque style, Villa Bologna has been called "the most beautiful 18th century country house to be built for a Maltese family" and "of similar grandeur to the finest palaces on the island". Villa Bologna ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Washington Park (Dubuque, Iowa)

    • Washington Park (Dubuque, Iowa)

      Washington Park (also known as Washington Square) is a small public, urban park (1 acre) located in Downtown Dubuque, Iowa, United States. The park encompasses an entire city block, bordered on the north by West 7th Street, on the west by Bluff Street, on the south by West 6th Street, and on the east by Locust Street. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Washington Road Elm Allée


    • Water garden

    • Water gardens, also known as aquatic gardens, are a type of man-made water feature. They can be defined as any interior or exterior landscape or architectural element whose primary purpose is to house, display, or propagate a particular species or variety of aquatic plant. The primary focus is on plants, but they will ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Wrocław's dwarfs


    Wikipedia
  • What Else?

    • Landscape architecture

Extras