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  • Jewish political status

    Jewish political status

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Jewish political status

    • Antisemitism

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Antisemitism


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    • Jewish political organizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Jewish political organizations


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    • Persecution of Jews

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Persecution of Jews


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    • Pro-Jewish edicts

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Pro-Jewish edicts


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    • Jewish political movements

    • Jewish political movements refer to the organized efforts of Jews to build their own political parties or otherwise represent their interest in politics outside of the Jewish community. From the time of the siege of Jerusalem by the Romans to the foundation of Israel the Jewish people had no territory, and, until the 1 ... Read »


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    • Alhambra Decree

    • The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of practicing Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July of ... Read »


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    • Allosemitism

    • Allosemitism is a neologism used to encompass both philo-Semitic and anti-Semitic attitudes towards Jews as other. The term was coined either by Polish philosopher Zygmunt Bauman or by Polish literary critic Artur Sandauer. Zygmunt Bauman proposed the term in his 1997 essay “Allosemitism: Premodern, Modern, Post ... Read »


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    • Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany

    • Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany comprised several laws that segregated the Jews from German society and restricted Jewish people's political, legal and civil rights. Major legislative initiatives included a series of restrictive laws passed in 1933, the Nuremberg Laws of 1935, and a final wave of legisla ... Read »


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    • Antisemitism

    • Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. A person who holds such positions is called an antisemite. Antisemitism is generally considered to be a form of racism. The root word Semite gives the false impression that antisemitism is directed again ... Read »


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    • Jewish Autonomism

    • Jewish Autonomism was a non-Zionist political movement that emerged in Eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century. One of its major proponents was the historian and activist Simon Dubnow, who also called his ideology folkism. The Autonomists believed that the future survival of the Jews as a nation depends ... Read »


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    • Claudius' expulsion of Jews from Rome


    • Disabilities (Jewish)

    • Disabilities were legal restrictions and limitations placed on Jews in the Middle Ages. They included provisions requiring Jews to wear specific and identifying clothing such as the Jewish hat and the yellow badge, restricting Jews to certain cities and towns or in certain parts of towns (ghettos), and forbidding Jews ... Read »


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    • Edict of Expulsion

    • In 1290, King Edward I issued an edict expelling all Jews from England. The expulsion edict remained in force for the rest of the Middle Ages. The edict was not an isolated incident, but the culmination of over 200 years of increased persecution. Oliver Cromwell permitted Jews to return to England in 1657, over 360 yea ... Read »


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    • Jewish emancipation

    • Jewish emancipation was the external (and internal) process in various nations in Europe of eliminating Jewish disabilities, e.g. Jewish quotas, to which Jewish people were then subject, and the recognition of Jews as entitled to equality and citizenship rights on a communal, not merely individual, basis. It included e ... Read »


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    • Emancipation of the Jews in the United Kingdom

    • The Emancipation of the Jews in the United Kingdom was the culmination in the 19th century of efforts over several hundred years to loosen the legal restrictions set in place on England's Jewish population. The nation's mercantile class had long recognised Jews as an economic asset, and they and their allies in Parliam ... Read »


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    • Expulsion of the Jews from Sicily

    • The expulsion of the Jews from Sicily began in 1493 when the Spanish Inquisition reached the island of Sicily and its population of more than 30,000 Jews. At the time of expulsion from Sicily, the Jewish community in Sicily dated back to early Roman times, and they were relatively untroubled on the island until th ... Read »


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    • Fiscus Judaicus

    • The fiscus Iudaicus (Latin for "Jewish tax") or fiscus Judaicus was a tax-collecting agency instituted to collect the tax imposed on Jews in the Roman Empire after the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple in AD 70. Revenues were directed to the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus in Rome. Modern knowledge of the ... Read »


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    • Golden age of Jewish culture in Spain

    • The golden age of Jewish culture in Spain coincided with the Middle Ages in Europe, a period of Muslim rule throughout much of the Iberian Peninsula. During intermittent periods of time, Jews were generally accepted in society and Jewish religious, cultural, and economic life blossomed. The nature and length of this " ... Read »


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    • Golus nationalism

    • Golus nationalism (Yiddish: גלות נאַציאָנאַליזם Golus natsionalizm after golus), or Diaspora Nationalism, is a national movement of the Jewish people that argued for furthering Jewish national and cultural life in the large Jewish centers throughout the world, while ... Read »


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    • Grand Sanhedrin

    • The Grand Sanhedrin was a Jewish high court convened in Europe by Napoleon I to give legal sanction to the principles expressed by the Assembly of Notables in answer to the twelve questions submitted to it by the government. The name was chosen to imply that the Grand Sanhedrin had the authority of the original Sanhedr ... Read »


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    • Haraç


    • Haskalah

    • The Haskalah, often termed Jewish Enlightenment (Hebrew: השכלה‎; literally, "wisdom", "erudition") was an intellectual movement among the Jews of Central and Eastern Europe, with certain influence on those in the West and Muslim lands. It arose as a defined ideological worldview during the 1770s, an ... Read »


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    • History of the Jews under Muslim rule

    • Jewish communities have existed across the Middle East and North Africa since Antiquity. By the time of the Muslim conquests of the 7th century, these ancient communities had been ruled by various empires and included the Babylonian, Persian, Carthaginian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Yemenite Jews. Jews under ... Read »


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    • Influences on the standing of the Jews in England

    • One reason for an improvement in the public image of the Jews at the end of the 18th century and beginning of the 19th can be found in positive attitudes towards Jewish pugilists. A further cause for kindlier feeling on the part of at least the middle classes of Englishmen toward the Jews was supplied by the reviva ... Read »


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    • Ispendje

    • Ä°spençe was a tax levied on non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire. Ä°spençe was a land-tax on non-Muslims in parts of the Ottoman Empire; its counterpart, for Muslim taxpayers, was the resm-i çift - which was set at slightly lower rate. The treasury was well aware of the difference in tax takes, and the ince ... Read »


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    • Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries

    • The Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries or Jewish exodus from Arab countries (Hebrew: יציאת יהודים ממדינות ערב‎‎, Yetziat yehudim mi-medinot Arav; Arabic: هجرة اليهود من الدول Ø§Ù„Ø ... Read »


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    • Jewish poll tax

    • The Jewish poll tax (Polish: poglówne żydowskie) was a poll tax imposed on the Jews in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It was later absorbed into the hiberna tax. The Jews were exempt from other state and municipal taxes, which often caused protests from Polish city dwellers. Initially the collection of the ta ... Read »


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    • Jewish question

    • The Jewish question is a wide-ranging debate in European society pertaining to the appropriate status and treatment of Jews in society. The debate was similar to other so-called "national questions" and dealt with the civil, legal, national and political status of Jews as a minority within society, particularly in Euro ... Read »


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    • Jewish quota

    • Jewish quota was a type of racial quota stipulating a certain set percentage that limited the number of Jews in various establishments. In particular, in 19th and 20th centuries some countries had Jewish quotas for higher education, a special case of Numerus clausus. Jewish educational quotas could be statewide law or ... Read »


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    • Jewish refugees

    • In Jewish history, Jews have experienced numerous mass expulsions or ostracism by various local authorities and have sought refuge in other countries. The Land of Israel was always regarded by Jews as the Jewish homeland, though throughout most of Jewish history they were barred from the land. After its establishment ... Read »


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    • Jewish tax

    • The fiscus Iudaicus (Latin for "Jewish tax") or fiscus Judaicus was a tax-collecting agency instituted to collect the tax imposed on Jews in the Roman Empire after the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple in AD 70. Revenues were directed to the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus in Rome. Modern knowledge of the ... Read »


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    • Jews Relief Act 1858

    • Jews Relief Act 1858

      The Jews Relief Act 1858, also called the Jewish Disabilities Bill, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which removed previous barriers to Jews entering Parliament. Following the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 there had been an unsuccessful attempt in 1830 to also allow Jews to sit in Parliament. The 185 ... Read »


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    • Justice for Jews from Arab Countries

    • Justice for Jews from Arab Countries (JJAC) is a political advocacy organization founded in New York in 2002, which was formed by the Conference of Presidents, the World Jewish Congress, the American Sephardi Federation, and the World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries. Today, JJAC works with the American Jewish ... Read »


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    • Kosher tax

    • The Kosher tax was one of several indirect taxes imposed by the Russian Imperial government and sometimes by Hapsburg empire, Germany and Moldavia on Jews. In Russia, the tax, known as the korobka, was a tax paid only by Jews for each animal slaughtered in accordance with the kashrut rules and for each pound of th ... Read »


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    • Jewish left

    • The term "Jewish left" describes Jews who identify with or support left wing, occasionally liberal causes, consciously as Jews, either as individuals or through organizations. There is no one organization or movement which constitutes the "Jewish left," however. Jews have been major forces in the history of the labor m ... Read »


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    • Leibzoll

    • The Leibzoll was a special toll which Jews had to pay in most of the European states in the Middle Ages and up to the beginning of the nineteenth century. The origin of the Leibzoll may be traced to the political position of the Jews in Germany, where they were considered crown property and, therefore, under the k ... Read »


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    • Letters of Gediminas

    • There are 6 surviving transcripts of letters of Gediminas written in 1323–1324 by Grand Duke Gediminas. These letters are one of the first surviving documents from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Since they were sent to the Western Europe, the pope, merchants, and craftspeople, they were written in Latin. The first ... Read »


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    • List of Jewish political milestones in the United States

    • The following is a list of Jewish political milestones in the United States. ... Read »


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    • Mawza Exile

    • The Exile of MawzaÊ» (the expulsion of Yemenite Jews to Mawza') Hebrew: גלות מוזע‎, pronounced [ğalÅ«t mawzaÊ»];‎ 1679–1680, is considered the single most traumatic event experienced collectively by the Jews of Yemen, in which Jews living in nearly all cities and towns ... Read »


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    • Napoleon and the Jews

    • Napoleon Bonaparte of the First French Empire enacted laws that first emancipated Jews in France, establishing them as equal citizens to other Frenchmen. In addition, in countries that he conquered during the Napoleonic Wars, he emancipated the Jews and introduced other ideas of freedom from the French Revolution. For ... Read »


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    • Nuremberg Laws

    • The Nuremberg Laws (German: Nürnberger Gesetze) were antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany. They were introduced on 15 September 1935 by the Reichstag at a special meeting convened at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). The two laws were the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour, w ... Read »


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    • Oath More Judaico

    • The Oath More Judaico or Jewish Oath was a special form of oath, rooted in antisemitsm and accompanied by certain ceremonies and often intentionally humiliating, painful or dangerous, that Jews were required to take in European courts of law until the 20th century. More Judaico is Latin for "on/by the Jewish custom." T ... Read »


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    • Pale of Settlement

    • The Pale of Settlement (Russian: Черта́ осе́длости, chertá osédlosti, Yiddish: דער תּחום-המושבֿ‎, der tkhum-ha-moyshəv, Hebrew: תְּחוּם הַמּוֹשָב‎‎, tẖum ... Read »


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    • British Mandate for Palestine (legal instrument)

    • British Mandate for Palestine (legal instrument)

      The British Mandate for Palestine, shortly Mandate for Palestine, or the Palestine Mandate was a League of Nations mandate for the territory that had formerly constituted the Ottoman Empire sanjaks of Nablus, Acre, the Southern part of the Vilayet of Syria, the Southern portion of the Beirut Vilayet, and the Mutasarrif ... Read »


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    • Persecution of Jews

    • Persecution of Jewish people has occurred on many occasions and in widely different geographical locations. Persecution has been a major part of Jewish history. Europe and the Middle East have been the chief areas of persecution throughout the ages while South Asia usually provided a refuge as in the case of the Baghda ... Read »


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    • Persecution of Jews and Muslims by Manuel I of Portugal

    • On 5 December 1496, King Manuel I of Portugal signed the decree of expulsion of Jews and Muslims to take effect by the end of October of the next year. Until the 15th century, some Jews occupied prominent places in Portuguese political and economic life. For example, Isaac Abrabanel was the treasurer of King Afons ... Read »


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    • Philo-Semitism

    • Philo-Semitism (also spelled philosemitism) or Judeophilia is a term used to describe an interest in, respect for and an appreciation of Jewish people, their history and the influence of Judaism, particularly on the part of a gentile. Within the Jewish community, philo-Semitism includes an interest of Jewish culture a ... Read »


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    • Plantation Act 1740

    • Naturalization Act 1740

      The Plantation Act 1740 (referring to colonies) or the Naturalization Act 1740 are common names used for an act of the British Parliament (13 Geo. 2 c.7) that was officially titled An Act for Naturalizing such foreign Protestants and others therein mentioned, as are settled or shall settle in any of His Majesty's Colon ... Read »


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    • Judaism and politics

    • The relationship between Judaism and politics is a historically complex subject and a frequent source of disagreement among Jews. There are many models for political leadership in the Hebrew Bible. Stuart Cohen has pointed out that there are three separate power centers depicted in the Hebrew Bible: the priesthood ... Read »


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    • Rav akçesi


    • Religio licita

    • Religio licita ("permitted religion," also translated as "approved religion") is a phrase used in the Apologeticum of Tertullian to describe the special status of the Jews in the Roman Empire. It was not an official term in Roman law. Although it occurs in only one patristic text and in no classical Roman sources or i ... Read »


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    • Resettlement of the Jews in England

    • The resettlement of the Jews in England was a historic commercial policy in the 17th century. It forms a prominent part of the history of the Jews in England. In 1290, King Edward I of England issued an edict expelling all Jews from England. The commercial policy that led to the Navigation Act in October 1651 mad ... Read »


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    • Spanish Inquisition

    • Seal for the Tribunal in Spain
      Type Type
      Tribunal under the election of the Spanish monarchy, for upholding religious orthodoxy in their realm
      History Established 1 November 1478 Disbanded 15 July 1834 Seats Consisted of a Grand Inquisitor, who headed the Council of the Supreme and General Inquisition, made up of six members. Under it were up to 21 tribunals in the empire. Elections Grand Inquisitor and Suprema designated by the crown Meeting place
    • Spanish Inquisition

      The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Spanish: Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. It was intended to maintain Catholic orthod ... Read »


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    • Statute of the Jewry

    • The Statute of the Jewry was a statute issued by Edward I of England in 1275. It placed a number of restrictions on Jews of England, most notably outlawing the practice of usury. Since the time of the Norman conquest, Jews had been filling a small but vital role in the English economy. Usury by Christians was bann ... Read »


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    • Taxation of the Jews in Europe

    • Taxation of the Jews in Europe refers to taxes imposed specifically on Jewish people in Europe, in addition to the taxes levied on the general population. Special taxation imposed on the Jews by the state or ruler of the territory in which they were living has played an important part in Jewish history. The abolition o ... Read »


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    • Tolerance tax

    • Tolerance tax (Toleranzgebührer) was a tax that was levied against Jews of Hungary, then part of the Austrian Empire, between 1747 and 1797. The tax was based on the German statute that a Jew was obliged to pay a certain tax to be "tolerated". In 1747, during the reign of Empress Maria Theresa, the Jews of Hun ... Read »


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    • White Paper of 1939

    • White Paper of 1939

      The White Paper of 1939 was a policy paper issued by the British government under Neville Chamberlain in response to the 1936–39 Arab Revolt, and approved by the House of Commons on 23 May 1939. Although never formally approved, it acted as the governing policy for Mandatory Palestine between 1939 and 1945. The p ... Read »


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    • World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries

    • World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries (WOJAC) was an international propaganda organization, created in 1975, representing Jewish refugees from Arab countries. The World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries was created to make certain that any "just settlement of the refugee problem" recognizes those Jews w ... Read »


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    • Zionism

    • Zionism (Hebrew: צִיּוֹנוּת‎ Tsiyyonut IPA: [tÍ¡sijo̞ˈnut] after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Palestine, Canaan o ... Read »


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