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  • Interpersonal relationships

    Interpersonal relationships

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    • Interpersonal attraction

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Interpersonal attraction


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    • Interpersonal communication

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    • Interpersonal conflict

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    • Employment

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Employment


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    • Family

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Family


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    • Friendship

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    • Intimate relationships

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    • Partnerships

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    • Personal relationships by individual

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Personal relationships by individual


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    • Relationship education

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Relationship education


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    • Role theory

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Role theory


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    • Sexual orientation

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    • Shyness

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    • Social rejection

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    • Tickling

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Tickling


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    • Interpersonal relationship

    • An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring. This association may be based on inference, love, solidarity, regular business interactions, or some other type of social commitment. Interpersonal relation ... Read »


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    • Outline of relationships

    • The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to interpersonal relationships. Interpersonal relationship – association between two or more people; this association may be based on limerence, love, solidarity, regular business interactions, or some other type of social commitment. Interpers ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal perception

    • Interpersonal perception is an area of research in social psychology which examines the beliefs that interacting people have about each other. This area differs from social cognition and person perception by being interpersonal rather than intrapersonal, and thus requiring the interaction of at least two actual people. ... Read »


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    • Adoration

    • Adoration (Latin) is respect, reverence, strong admiration or devotion in a certain person, place, or thing. The term comes from the Latin adōrātiō, meaning "to give homage or worship to someone or something". In classical Rome, adoration was primarily an act of homage or worship, which, among the Romans, ... Read »


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    • Affectional bond

    • In psychology, an affectional bond is a type of attachment behavior one individual has for another individual, typically a caregiver for her or his child, in which the two partners tend to remain in proximity to one another. The term was coined and subsequently developed over the course of four decades, from the early ... Read »


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    • Affinity (sociology)

    • Affinity in terms of sociology, refers to "kinship of spirit", interest and other interpersonal commonalities. Affinity is characterized by high levels of intimacy and sharing, usually in close groups, also known as affinity groups. It differs from affinity in law and canon law which generally refer to the marriage rel ... Read »


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    • Altruism

    • Altruism or selflessness is the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others. It is a traditional virtue in many cultures and a core aspect of various religious traditions and secular worldviews, though the concept of "others" toward whom concern should be directed can vary among cultures and religions. A ... Read »


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    • Asociality

    • Asociality refers to the lack of motivation to engage in social interaction, or a preference for solitary activities. Developmental psychologists use the synonyms nonsocial, unsocial, and social disinterest. Asociality is distinct from but not mutually exclusive to anti-social behaviour, in which the latter implies an ... Read »


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    • Assisted feeding

    • Assisted feeding, also called hand feeding or oral feeding, is the action of a person feeding another person could not otherwise feed themselves. The term is used in the context of some medical issue or in response to a disability, such as when a person living with dementia is no longer able to manage eating alone. As ... Read »


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    • Attachment in adults

    • Attachment in adults deals with the theory of attachment in adult relationships including friendships, emotional affairs, adult romantic relationships and in some cases inanimate objects known as "transitional objects." Attachment theory, initially studied in the 1960s and 1970s primarily in the context of children an ... Read »


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    • Attachment in children

    • Attachment in children is "a biological instinct in which proximity to an attachment figure is sought when the child senses or perceives threat or discomfort. Attachment behaviour anticipates a response by the attachment figure which will remove threat or discomfort". Attachment also describes the function of availabil ... Read »


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    • Attachment measures

    • Attachment measures refer to the various procedures used to assess attachment in children and adults. Researchers have developed various ways of assessing patterns of attachment in children. A variety of methods allow children to be classified into four attachment pattern groups: secure, anxious-ambivalent, anxious-av ... Read »


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    • Attachment theory

    • Attachment theory is a psychological model that attempts to describe the dynamics of long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans. However, "attachment theory is not formulated as a general theory of relationships. It addresses only a specific facet": how human beings respond within relationships ... Read »


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    • Bad boy (archetype)

    • The bad boy is a cultural archetype that is variously defined, and is often used synonymously with the historic terms rake or cad: a male who behaves badly, especially within societal norms. The stereotypical "bad boy" was described by Kristina Grish in her book Addickted as "the irresistible rogue who has the dizzyin ... Read »


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    • Beard (companion)

    • Beard is a slang term describing a person who is used, knowingly or unknowingly, as a date, romantic partner (boyfriend or girlfriend), or spouse either to conceal infidelity or to conceal one's sexual orientation. The American slang term originally referred to anyone who acted on behalf of another, in any transaction, ... Read »


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    • Belongingness

    • Belongingness is the human emotional need to be an accepted member of a group. Whether it is family, friends, co-workers, a religion, or something else, people tend to have an 'inherent' desire to belong and be an important part of something greater than themselves. This implies a relationship that is greater than simp ... Read »


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    • Ben Franklin effect

    • The Ben Franklin effect is a proposed psychological phenomenon: A person who has performed a favor for someone is more likely to do another favor for that person than they would be if they had received a favor from that person. An explanation for this would be that we internalize the reason that we helped them was beca ... Read »


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    • Blood brother

    • Blood brother can refer to one of two things: a male related by birth, or two or more men not related by birth who have sworn loyalty to each other. This is in modern times usually done in a ceremony, known as a blood oath, where having each person make a small cut, usually on a finger, hand or the forearm, and then th ... Read »


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    • Breastfeeding

    • Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as often and as much as the baby wants. During the first few weeks of life babies may nurse rough ... Read »


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    • Breastfeeding and HIV

    • Breastfeeding by HIV-infected mothers raises concerns of transmission of HIV to the child. Varying factors, such as the viral load in the mother’s milk, contribute to the difficulty in creating breastfeeding recommendations for HIV-positive mothers. It is also possible for the infant to be infected with HIV throug ... Read »


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    • Bro Code

    • In popular culture, the Bro Code is a friendship etiquette to be followed among men or, more specifically, among members of the bro subculture. The term has been popularized by Barney Stinson, a character from the television show How I Met Your Mother. Katherine Connor Martin, head of content creation at Oxford Diction ... Read »


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    • Bromance

    • A bromance is a close, emotionally intense, non-sexual bond between two men. It is an exceptionally tight affectional, homosocial male bonding relationship exceeding that of usual friendship, and is distinguished by a particularly high level of emotional intimacy. The emergence of the concept since the beginning of the ... Read »


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    • Casual dating

    • Casual dating or a casual relationship is a physical and emotional relationship between two people who may have casual sex or a near-sexual relationship without necessarily demanding or expecting the extra commitments of a more formal romantic relationship. Motives for casual relationships vary. There are significant g ... Read »


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    • Celibacy syndrome

    • Celibacy syndrome (Japanese: セックスしない症候群 ,sekkusu shinai shōkōgun) is a syndrome not recognized by any medical or psychological body. Rather, it is a media hypothesis claiming that a growing number of Japanese adults have lost interest in sexual activity and have a ... Read »


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    • Chaperone (social)

    • A chaperone (also spelled chaperon) in its original social usage was a person who for propriety's sake accompanied an unmarried girl in public: usually she was an older married woman, and most commonly the girl's own mother. In modern social usage, a chaperon (frequent in British spelling) or chaperone (usual in Ameri ... Read »


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    • Chemistry (relationship)

    • In the context of relationships, chemistry is a simple "emotion" that two people get when they share a special connection. It is not necessarily sexual. It is the impulse making one think "I need to see this [other] person again" - that feeling of "we click". It is very early in one's relationship that they can intuiti ... Read »


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    • Chibados

    • Chibados (or quimbandas) are third-gender men who lived most often as women. They were found among the cultures of the Ndongo and other parts of what is today Angola. They were first described in the west by the Portuguese. Chibados were involved as "spiritual arbiters in political and military decisions" and also per ... Read »


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    • Child-selling

    • Child-selling is the practice of selling children, usually by parents, close persons, or subsequent masters or custodians. After a sale, when the subsequent relationship with the child is essentially nonexploitative, the usual purpose of child-selling is to permit adoption Georgia Tann, of Memphis, Tenn., was empl ... Read »


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    • Cicisbeo

    • In 18th- and 19th-century Italy, the cicisbeo (Italian pronunciation: [ˌtʃitʃizˈbɛːo]; plural: cicisbei), or cavalier servente (chevalier servant in French), was the professed gallant and perhaps lover in a sexual sense of a married woman, who attended her at public entertainments, to church and o ... Read »


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    • Circles of acquaintanceship

    • The number of people with whom one can hold personal relationships is claimed to be limited to about 150 individuals. This is known as Dunbar's number after Professor Robin Dunbar, head of Oxford University's Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology. This limit is set by the size of human brains, and fits a genera ... Read »


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    • Co-stardom network

    • In social network analysis, the co-stardom network represents the collaboration graph of film actors i.e. movie stars. The co-stardom network can be represented by an undirected graph of nodes and links. Nodes correspond to the movie star actors and two nodes are linked if they co-starred (performed) in the same movie. ... Read »


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    • Codependency

    • Codependency is a type of dysfunctional helping relationship where one person supports or enables another person's drug addiction, alcoholism, gambling addiction, poor mental health, immaturity, irresponsibility, or under-achievement. Among the core characteristics of codependency, the most common theme is an excessive ... Read »


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    • Committed relationship

    • A committed relationship is an interpersonal relationship based upon a mutually agreed-upon commitment to one another involving exclusivity, love, trust, honesty, openness, or some other agreed-upon behavior. Forms of committed relationships are: close friendship, courtship, long-term relationships (LTR), engagement, m ... Read »


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    • Common ground (communication technique)

    • Finding common ground is a technique for facilitating interpersonal relationships. In order to find common ground between parties, participants must search for signals of recognition, which are often subtle and cause for misunderstanding. Generally, smiles, bland faces, or frowns can be the positive, neutral, or negati ... Read »


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    • Compassion fatigue

    • Compassion fatigue, also known as secondary traumatic stress (STS), is a condition characterized by a gradual lessening of compassion over time. It is common among individuals that work directly with trauma victims such as, therapists (paid and unpaid), nurses, teachers, psychologists, police officers, paramedics, anim ... Read »


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    • Competitive altruism

    • Competitive altruism is a possible mechanism for the persistence of cooperative behaviors, specifically those that are performed unconditionally. The theory of reciprocal altruism can be used to explain behaviors that are performed by a donor who receives some sort of benefit in the future. When no such compensation is ... Read »


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    • Concubinage in Canada

    • Largely unrecognised by modern courts, concubinage – the formal position of a mistress maintaining a religiously-sanctioned partnership with a man to whom she is not wed – has a varied history when it has appeared in Canada. The term "concubine" has many definitions, referring to any illicit lasting relation ... Read »


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    • Confidant

    • The confidant (/ˈkɒnfɪdænt/ or /ˌkɒnfɪˈdɑːnt/; feminine: confidante, same pronunciation) is a character in a story that a protagonist confides in and trusts. Confidants may be other principal characters, characters who command trust by virtue of their position such as doctors or other auth ... Read »


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    • Conflict resolution

    • Conflict resolution is conceptualized as the methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and . Committed group members attempt to resolve group conflicts by actively communicating information about their conflicting motives or ideologies to the rest of the group (e.g., intentions; rea ... Read »


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    • Controversy

    • Controversy is a state of prolonged public dispute or debate, usually concerning a matter of conflicting opinion or point of view. The word was coined from the Latin controversia, as a composite of controversus – "turned in an opposite direction," from contra – "against" – and vertere – to turn, or ... Read »


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    • Convergence (relationship)

    • Convergence suggest that when people get along with each other for a long enough time, their act, thinking, and even appearance will becoming more alike as the relationship progresses. However, as regards certain personality traits, like the degree of introversion or of sourness, there was research carried out by psyc ... Read »


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    • Counterdependency

    • Counterdependency is the state of refusal of attachment, the denial of personal need and dependency, and may extend to the omnipotence and refusal of dialogue found in destructive narcissism, for example. The roots of counterdependency can be found in the age-appropriate negativism of two-year-olds and teens, wher ... Read »


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    • Couple costume

    • Couple costume and Couple look are Chinglish and Konglish terms, respectively, for the practice of a couple wearing the same hat, T-shirt, or other clothing in public to signal their relationship. It is mainly found in South Korea and Taiwan, Vietnam and is becoming more common in mainland China during its reform and o ... Read »


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    • Courtesan

    • A courtesan was originally a courtier, which means a person who attends the court of a monarch or other powerful person. In feudal society, the court was the centre of government as well as the residence of the monarch, and social and political life were often completely mixed together. Prior to the Renaissance, court ... Read »


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    • Courtship

    • Courtship is the period in a couple's relationship which precedes their engagement and marriage, or establishment of an agreed relationship of a more enduring kind. During courtship, a couple get to know each other and decide if there will be an engagement or other such agreement. A courtship may be an informal and pri ... Read »


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    • Courtship disorder

    • Courtship disorder is a theoretical construct in sexology in which a certain set of paraphilias are seen as specific instances of anomalous courtship instincts in men. The specific paraphilias are biastophilia (paraphilic rape), exhibitionism, frotteurism, telephone scatologia, and voyeurism. According to the courtship ... Read »


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    • Cuddle party

    • A cuddle party or cuddle puddle is an event designed with the intention of allowing people to experience non-sexual group physical intimacy through cuddling. Cuddle parties are described by organizers as "workshop/social-events" that give adults an opportunity to "give and receive welcomed affectionate touch in a ... Read »


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    • Culture assimilators (programs)

    • Culture Assimilators are culture training programs first developed at the University of Illinois in the 1960s. A team from the psychology department of that university was asked by the Office of Naval Research to develop a training method that would “make every sailor an ambassador of the United States.” The ... Read »


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    • Cycle of abuse

    • The cycle of abuse is a social cycle theory developed in 1979 by Lenore E. Walker to explain patterns of behavior in an abusive relationship. Lenore E. Walker interviewed 1,500 women who had been subject to domestic violence and found that there was a similar pattern of abuse, called the "cycle of abuse". Initiall ... Read »


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    • Dehumanization

    • Dehumanization or an act thereof can describe a behavior or process that undermines individuality of and in others. Behaviorally, dehumanization describes a disposition towards others that debases the others' individuality as either an "individual" species or an "individual" object, e.g. someone who acts inhumanely tow ... Read »


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    • Dependant

    • A dependant (British English) or dependent (American English) is a person who relies on another as a primary source of income. For example, a minor child, under the age of majority, is a dependant of his or her parent. However, a common-law husband or a wife who has been maintained by their partner may also be included ... Read »


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    • Disengagement theory

    • There are multiple variations on disengagement theory, such as moral-disengagement . The disengagement theory of aging states that "aging is an inevitable, mutual withdrawal or disengagement, resulting in decreased interaction between the aging person and others in the social system he belongs to". The theory claims t ... Read »


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    • Dramaturgy (sociology)

    • Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective commonly used in microsociological accounts of social interaction in everyday life. The term was first adapted into sociology from the theatre by Erving Goffman, who developed most of the related terminology and ideas in his 1959 book, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. ... Read »


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    • Drive theory

    • In psychology, a drive theory or drive doctrine is a theory that attempts to define, analyze, or classify the psychological drives. A drive is an "excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance", an instinctual need that has the power of driving the behaviour of an individual. Drive theory is based on the prin ... Read »


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    • Drunk dialing

    • Drunk dialing is an intoxicated person making phone calls that they would not likely make if sober, often a lonely individual calling former or current love interests. In Kurt Vonnegut's 1969 novel Slaughterhouse-Five, the main character describes his tendency to drunk dial: I have this disease late at night sometime ... Read »


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    • Dual relationship

    • In the mental health field, a dual relationship is a situation where multiple roles exist between a therapist, or other mental health practitioner, and a client. Dual relationships are also referred to as multiple relationships, and these two terms are used interchangeably in the research literature. The American Psych ... Read »


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    • Dunbar's number


    • Elder Wisdom Circle

    • The Elder Wisdom Circle (EWC) is a nonprofit organization that provides free and confidential advice on a broad range of topics. The EWC also publishes an advice column, in both a Web version and a syndicated print version that is carried in 25 publications. The Elder Wisdom Circle is targeted towards young people loo ... Read »


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    • Emotional aperture

    • Emotional aperture has been defined as the ability to perceive features of group emotions. This skill involves the perceptual ability to adjust one's focus from a single individual's emotional cues to the broader patterns of shared emotional cues that comprise the emotional composition of the collective. Some examples ... Read »


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    • Emotional intimacy

    • Emotional intimacy is an aspect of interpersonal relationships that varies in intensity from one relationship to another and varies from one time to another, much like physical intimacy. Emotional intimacy involves a perception of closeness to another that allows sharing of personal feelings, accompanied by expectation ... Read »


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    • Emotional promiscuity

    • Emotional promiscuity has been addressed in both the popular press as well as in scientific literature. In the popular press, there was a book published in 2007 entitled, Avoid the Heartbreak of Emotional Promiscuity, written by Brienne Murk. In her book, Murk argues that (a) guarding one's heart is required for stayi ... Read »


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    • Emotionally focused therapy

    • Emotionally focused therapy and emotion-focused therapy (both EFT) are two related but distinct approaches to psychotherapy with individuals, couples, or families. Both EFT approaches include elements of experiential therapy (such as person-centered therapy and Gestalt therapy), systemic therapy, and attachment theory. ... Read »


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    • Empathic accuracy

    • In psychology, empathic accuracy refers to how accurately one person can infer the thoughts and feelings of another person. It was first introduced in conjunction with the term empathic inference, which was presented by psychologists William Ickes and William Tooke in 1988. Since then research on empathic accuracy has ... Read »


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    • Empathic concern

    • Empathic concern refers to other-oriented emotions elicited by and congruent with the perceived welfare of someone in need. These other-oriented emotions include feelings of tenderness, sympathy, compassion, soft-heartedness, and the like. Empathic concern is often and wrongly confused with empathy. To empathize is to ... Read »


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    • Empathy

    • Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within the other being's frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position. Empathy is seeing with the eyes of another, listening with the ears of another and feelings with the heart of another. There are ... Read »


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    • Empathy gap

    • A hot-cold empathy gap is a cognitive bias in which people underestimate the influences of visceral drives on their own attitudes, preferences, and behaviors. The most important aspect of this idea is that human understanding is "state-dependent". For example, when one is angry, it is difficult to understand what it i ... Read »


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    • Empathy in media research

    • Joanne Cantor (2004) suggested that “humans are naturally inclined to empathize with the emotions of protagonists….” This may help explain potential long-term reactions that may accompany exposure to frightening content. Feeling close to the protagonist may enhance the depth of fear and helplessness a vi ... Read »


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    • Empathy-altruism

    • Empathy-altruism is a form of altruism based on feelings for others. The social exchange theory states that altruism does not exist unless benefits to the helper outweigh the costs. C. Daniel Batson holds that people help others in need out of genuine concern for the well-being of the other person. The key ingredient ... Read »


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    • Employsure

    • Employsure

      Employsure is an Australian-based company that provides workplace relations support to employers and business owners in Australia and New Zealand. Employsure won “Australia's Growth Company of the Year” for 2015. Employsure was founded in 2010 by English-born barrister Edward Mallett following the chang ... Read »


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    • Enemy

    • Enemy or foe is an individual or a group that is seen as forcefully adverse or threatening. The concept of an enemy has been observed to be "basic for both individuals and communities". The term "enemy" serves the social function of designating a particular entity as a threat, thereby invoking an intense emotional resp ... Read »


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    • ENRICH

    • ENRICH is a 125-item questionnaire for married couples that examines communication, conflict resolution, role relationship, financial management, expectations, sexual relationship, personality compatibility, marital satisfaction, and other personal beliefs related to marriage. It was developed by University of Minnesot ... Read »


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    • ERG theory

    • ERG theory is a theory in psychology proposed by Clayton Alderfer. Alderfer further developed Maslow's hierarchy of needs by categorizing the hierarchy into his ERG theory (Existence, Relatedness and Growth). The existence group is concerned with providing the basic material existence requirements of humans. They incl ... Read »


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    • Ethnocultural empathy

    • Ethnocultural empathy refers to the understanding of feelings of individuals that are ethnically and/or culturally different from oneself. This concept casts doubts on global empathy, which assumes that empathy is “feeling in oneself the feelings of others” and is not specifically targeting any one group (e.g ... Read »


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    • Ex (relationship)

    • In social relationships, an ex (plural is exes) is someone with whom a person was once associated, in a relationship, marriage, or once talked to. As a prefix, ex- can refer to a variety of different relationships; for example, one might refer to a music group's ex-guitarist, or someone's ex-friend. When used alone, ex ... Read »


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    • Expressions of dominance

    • Power and dominance-submission are two key dimensions of relationships, especially close relationships in which parties rely on one another to achieve their goals and as such it is important to be able to identify indicators of . Power is the ability to influence behavior and may not be fully assessable until it is ch ... Read »


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    • External image

    • In psychology, the external image (also alien image, foreign image, public image, third-party image; German: Fremdbild) is the image other people have of a person, i.e., a person's external image is the way they are viewed by other people. It contrasts with a person's self image (German: Selbstbild); how the external i ... Read »


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    • Face (sociological concept)

    • The term face idiomatically refers to one's own sense of dignity or in social contexts. In the English-speaking world, the expression "to save face" describes the lengths that an individual may go to in order to preserve their established position in society, taking action to ensure that one is not thought badly of by ... Read »


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    • Familiar stranger

    • A familiar stranger is an individual who is recognized by another from regularly sharing a common physical space such as a street or bus stop, but with whom one does not interact. First identified by Stanley Milgram in the 1972 paper The Familiar Stranger: An Aspect of Urban Anonymity, it has become an increasingly pop ... Read »


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    • Fantasy bond

    • The fantasy bond is a type of relationship where the basic tie is based on routines and roles, rather than spontaneous feelings. It is a term used to describe an imaginary connection formed originally by the infant with the parent or primary caregiver, but also describes an illusory connection to another person that ad ... Read »


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    • Fatal attraction

    • Fatal attraction

      Fatal Attraction is a 1987 American psychological thriller film directed by Adrian Lyne and written by James Dearden. It is based on Dearden's 1980 short film Diversion. Starring Michael Douglas, Glenn Close, and Anne Archer, the film centers on a married man who has a weekend affair with a woman who refuses to allow i ... Read »


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    • Father figure

    • A father figure is usually an older man, normally one with power, authority, or strength, with whom one can identify on a deeply psychological level and who generates emotions generally felt towards one's father. Despite the literal term "father figure", the role of a father figure is not limited to the biological pare ... Read »


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    • Fathers as attachment figures

    • Studies have found that the father is a child’s preferred attachment figure in approximately 5-20% of cases. Fathers and mothers may react differently to the same behaviour in an infant, and the infant may react to the parents’ behaviour differently depending on which parent performs it. Sigmund Freud ge ... Read »


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    • Fear of commitment

    • In self-help literature, "fear of commitment" is the avoidance of long-term partnership or marriage. The concept is often much more pervasive, affecting school, work, and home life as well. The term "commitmentphobia" was coined in the popular self-help book Men Who Can't Love in 1987. Following criticism of the perce ... Read »


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    • Female bonding

    • In ethology and social science, female bonding is the formation of a close personal relationship and patterns of friendship, attachment, and cooperation in females. Within the context of human relationships the definition and display of female bonding can be dependent on multiple factors such as age, sexual orient ... Read »


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    • First impression (psychology)

    • In psychology, a first impression is the event when one person first encounters another person and forms a mental image of that person. Impression accuracy varies depending on the observer and the target (person, object, scene, etc.) being observed. First impressions are based on a wide range of characteristics: age, r ... Read »


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    • Flattery

    • Flattery (also called adulation or blandishment) is the act of giving excessive compliments, generally for the purpose of ingratiating oneself with the subject. Historically, flattery has been used as a standard form of discourse when addressing a king or queen. In the Renaissance, it was a common practice among write ... Read »


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    • Fraternization

    • Fraternization (from Latin frater, brother) is "turning people into brothers"—conducting social relations with people who are actually unrelated and/or of a different class (especially those with whom one works) as though they were siblings, family members, personal friends or lovers. In many institutional contex ... Read »


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    • Free union

    • A free union is a romantic union between two or more persons without legal or religious recognition or regulation. The term has been used since the late 19th century to describe a relationship into which all parties enter, remain, and depart freely. The free union is an alternative to, or rejection or criticism of mar ... Read »


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    • Frenemy

    • "Frenemy" (less commonly spelled "frienemy") is an oxymoron and a portmanteau of "friend" and "enemy" that refers to "a person with whom one is friendly, despite a fundamental dislike or rivalry" or "a person who combines the characteristics of a friend and an enemy." The term is used to describe personal, geopolitical ... Read »


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    • Friend zone

    • In popular culture, the friend zone is a situation in which one member of a friendship wishes to enter into a romantic or sexual relationship, while the other does not. It is generally considered to be an undesirable or dreaded situation by the rejected person. The sense of zone is one of being stuck in an unwanted and ... Read »


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    • Frustration

    • In psychology, frustration is a common emotional response to opposition. Related to anger and disappointment, frustration arises from the perceived resistance to the fulfillment of an individual's will or goal and is likely to increase when a will or goal is denied or blocked. There are two types of frustration; intern ... Read »


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    • Ganqing

    • Gǎnqíng (Chinese: ; pinyin: gǎnqíng; Wade–Giles: kan-ch'ing) is an important concept in social relations in Chinese culture which is loosely translated as "feeling" and is related to the concept of guānxi (relationship network). Gǎnqíng reflects the tenor of a social relationship between two p ... Read »


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    • Ghosting (relationships)

    • Ghosting refers to the act of breaking off a relationship (often used in the context of intimate relationships) by ceasing all communication and contact with the former partner without any apparent warning or justification, as well as avoiding and/or ignoring and refusing to respond in any way to the former partner†... Read »


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    • Golden fantasy

    • Golden fantasy is a secret (or not-so-secret) expectation that all one's problems can be solved by interaction with a perfect and all-caring relationship figure. The fantasy can be found both in psychotherapy and in ordinary life. The golden fantasy was first named as such by Sidney Smith in 1977. Arguably however ... Read »


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    • Good ol' boy


    • Guanxi

    • Guanxi (Chinese: 关系) or Guanshi describes the basic dynamic in personalized networks of influence (which can be best described as the relationships individuals cultivate with other individuals) and is a central idea in Chinese society. In Western media, the pinyin romanization of this Chinese word is becoming ... Read »


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    • Haptic communication

    • Haptic communication refers to the ways in which people and other animals communicate and interact via the sense of touch. As well as providing information about surfaces and textures, touch, or the haptic sense, is a component of communication in interpersonal relationships that is nonverbal and nonvisual. Touch is ex ... Read »


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    • Hedgehog's dilemma


    • Helping behavior

    • Helping behavior refers to voluntary actions intended to help the others, with reward regarded or disregarded. It is a type of prosocial behavior (voluntary action intended to help or benefit another individual or group of individuals, such as sharing, comforting, rescuing and helping). Altruism is distinguished from ... Read »


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    • Herbivore men

    • Herbivore men or grass-eater men(草食(ç³»)男子, Sōshoku(-kei) danshi?) is a term used in Japan to describe men who have no interest in getting married or finding a girlfriend. The term of Herbivore men was also a term that is described as young men who had lost their “manliness”. Describ ... Read »


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    • Heterophily

    • Heterophily, or love of the different, is the tendency of individuals to collect in diverse groups; it is the opposite of homophily. This phenomenon can be seen in relationships between individuals. As a result, it can be analyzed in the workplace to create a more efficient and innovative workplace. It has also become ... Read »


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    • Heterosexuality

    • Heterosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between persons of the opposite sex or gender. As a sexual orientation, heterosexuality is "an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions" to persons of the opposite sex; it "also refers to a person's sense of identity ... Read »


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    • History of attachment theory

    • Attachment theory, originating in the work of John Bowlby, is a psychological, evolutionary and ethological theory that provides a descriptive and explanatory framework for understanding interpersonal relationships between human beings. In order to formulate a comprehensive theory of the nature of early attachments, B ... Read »


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    • Hofling hospital experiment

    • In 1966, the psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. In the natural hospital setting, nurses were ordered by unknown doctors to administer what could have been a dangerous dose of a (fictional) drug to their patients. In spite of official guidelines ... Read »


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    • Homophily

    • Homophily (i.e., "love of the same") is the tendency of individuals to associate and bond with similar others, as in the proverb "". The presence of homophily has been discovered in a vast array of network studies. More than 100 studies that have observed homophily in some form or another and they establish that ... Read »


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    • Homosexuality

    • Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. As a sexual orientation, homosexuality is "an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions" to people of the same sex. It "also refers to a person's sense of identity based on thos ... Read »


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    • Hugs and kisses

    • Hugs and kisses or xoxo is a term used for expressing sincerity, faith, love, or good friendship at the end of a written letter, email or SMS text message. There is controversy as to which letter ('X' or 'O') represents which action ('hug' or 'kiss'). The common custom of placing "X" on envelopes, notes and at the bot ... Read »


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    • Human bonding

    • Human bonding is the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship. It most commonly takes place between family members or friends, but can also develop among groups, such as sporting teams and whenever people spend time together. Bonding is a mutual, interactive process, and is different from simple li ... Read »


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    • Hypergamy

    • Hypergamy (colloquially referred to as "marrying up") is a term used in social science for the act or practice of a person marrying another of higher caste or social status than themselves. The antonym "hypogamy" refers to the inverse: marrying a person of lower social class or status. Both terms were coined in India ... Read »


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    • I and Thou

    • Ich und Du, usually translated as I and Thou, is a book by Martin Buber, published in 1923, and first translated from German to English in 1937. Buber's main proposition is that we may address existence in two ways: One of the major themes of the book is that human life finds its meaningfulness in relationships. ... Read »


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    • IA Graph

    • Interpersonal attraction is the attraction between people which leads to friendships and to platonic or romantic relationships. Interpersonal attraction, the process, is distinct from perceptions of physical attractiveness, which involves views of what is and is not considered beautiful or attractive. The study of int ... Read »


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    • Identified patient

    • Identified patient, or "IP", is a term used in a clinical setting to describe the person in a dysfunctional family who has been unconsciously selected to act out the family's inner conflicts as a diversion. This person, often a child, is "the split-off carrier of a breakdown in the entire family system," which may be a ... Read »


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    • Imaginary friend

    • Imaginary friends (also known as pretend friends or invisible friends) are a psychological and social phenomenon where a friendship or other interpersonal relationship takes place in the imagination rather than external physical reality. Although they may seem very real to their creators, children usually understand th ... Read »


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    • Imago therapy

    • Imago relationship therapy is a form of marriage therapy that takes a relationship approach rather than an individual approach to problem solving in a marriage. It was codeveloped by Dr. Harville Hendrix and Dr. Helen LaKelly Hunt, and documented in Hendrix's 1988 book, Getting the Love You Want, A Guide for Couples. H ... Read »


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    • Implicit personality theory

    • Implicit personality theory describes the specific patterns and biases an individual uses when forming impressions based on a limited amount of initial information about an unfamiliar person. While there are parts of the impression formation process that are context-dependent, individuals also tend to exhibit certain t ... Read »


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    • Impression formation

    • Impression formation in social psychology refers to the process by which individual pieces of information about another person are integrated to form a global impression of the individual (i.e. how one person perceives another person). Underlying this entire process is the notion that an individual expects unity and co ... Read »


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    • Incest taboo

    • An incest taboo is any cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons. All human cultures have norms that exclude certain close relatives from those considered suitable or permissible sexual or marriage partners, making such relationships taboo. However, different norms exist amon ... Read »


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    • Infatuation

    • Infatuation or being smitten is the state of being carried away by an unreasoned passion. Cox says that infatuation can be distinguished from romantic love only when looking back on a particular interest. Infatuation may also develop into a mature love. Goldstein and Brandon describe infatuation as the first stage ... Read »


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    • Interdependence theory

    • Interdependence theory is a social exchange theory that shows how the rewards and costs associated with interpersonal relationships collaborate with peoples' expectations from them. This theory comes from the idea that closeness is the key to all relationships; that people communicate to become closer to one another. T ... Read »


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    • Internet Dates from Hell

    • Internet Dates From Hell

      Internet Dates From Hell was written by elementary school teacher and photographic artistTrisha Ventker. She holds a master’s degree in education and has made numerous appearances on television and in print for her work on Internet Dates From Hell. The book was self-published by Ventker through iUniverse. Int ... Read »


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    • Internet relationship

    • An internet relationship is a relationship between people who have met online, and in many cases know each other only via the Internet. Online relationships are similar in many ways to pen pal relationships. This relationship can be romantic, platonic, or even based on business affairs. An internet relationship (or onl ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal attraction

    • Interpersonal attraction is the attraction between people which leads to friendships and to platonic or romantic relationships. Interpersonal attraction, the process, is distinct from perceptions of physical attractiveness, which involves views of what is and is not considered beautiful or attractive. The study of int ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal circumplex

    • The interpersonal circle or interpersonal circumplex is a model for conceptualizing, organizing, and assessing interpersonal behavior, traits, and motives (Wiggins, 2003). The interpersonal circumplex is defined by two orthogonal axes: a vertical axis (of status, dominance, power, or control) and a horizontal axis (of ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal compatibility

    • Interpersonal compatibility or interpersonal matching is the long-term interaction between two or more individuals in terms of the ease and comfort of communication. Although various concepts of interpersonal compatibility have existed from ancient times (see, e.g., Plato's Lysis), no general theory of interperson ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal complementarity hypothesis

    • Interpersonal complementarity hypothesis asserts that individuals often behave in ways that evoke complementary or reciprocal behavior from others. More specifically, this hypothesis predicts that positive behaviors evoke positive behaviors, negative behaviors evoke negative behaviors, dominant behaviors evoke submissi ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal emotion regulation

    • Interpersonal emotion regulation refers to the process of trying to influence the way another person or persons feel. It is sometimes termed extrinsic emotion regulation or interpersonal emotion management. Interpersonal emotion regulation refers to the deliberate influence of others' feelings. Examples include tr ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal Reactivity Index

    • The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) is a published measurement tool for the multi-dimensional assessment of empathy. It was developed by Mark H. Davis, a professor of psychology at Eckerd College. The tool is widely used—the paper describing it has been cited 3697 times, according to Google Scholar. The tool ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal reflex

    • Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957). While examining recorded protocols of communications in adults, Leary discovered that typical patterns of interaction existed ... Read »


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    • Interpersonal ties

    • In mathematical sociology, interpersonal ties are defined as information-carrying connections between people. Interpersonal ties, generally, come in three varieties: strong, weak or absent. Weak social ties, it is argued, are responsible for the majority of the embeddedness and structure of social networks in society a ... Read »


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    • Intimate relationship

    • An intimate relationship is an interpersonal relationship that involves physical and/or emotional intimacy. Physical intimacy is characterized by friendship, platonic love, romantic love or sexual activity. While the term intimate relationship commonly implies the inclusion of a sexual relationship, the term is also u ... Read »


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    • Joking relationship

    • A joking relationship is a term applied by anthropologists to the institutionalised form of interaction between certain pairs of people in some societies. Analysed by British social anthropologist Alfred Radcliffe-Brown in 1940, it describes a kind of ritualised banter that takes place, for example between a man a ... Read »


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    • Kept man

    • A kept man is a man who is financially supported by a wealthy and often older person other than a spouse or close relative. Availability for some kind of social interaction is almost always expected in return. This can range from occasional to constant and from simple companionship to emotional and physical intimacy. ... Read »


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    • Khilwa

    • Khilwa, in Shariah law, is an offense consisting of being caught alone in private with a member of the opposite sex who is not an immediate family member. ... Read »


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    • Kiss

    • A kiss is a touch with the lips, usually to express love or affection, or as part of a greeting. Kiss, Kisses, KISS, or K.I.S.S. may also refer to: ... Read »


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    • Knowledge of human nature

    • Knowledge of human nature is the ability to correctly assess the behavior or character of people based on a first impression, and to gauge how they think and predict how they will act. Life experience, intuition, intelligence, and wisdom are the decisive factors which contribute to this ability. Knowledge of human nat ... Read »


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    • Koinonos

    • Koinonos (Greek: κοινωνός) is an Ancient Greek word, generally thought to mean companion; however it has been used extensively in ancient writing with a wide variety of meanings. Its original form is κοινωνός and it was later translated to Koinonos. one can read it as "ko ... Read »


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    • Lad culture

    • Lad culture (also laddish culture and laddism) is a British subculture initially associated with the Britpop movement. Arising in the early 1990s, the image of the "lad" – or "new lad" – was that of a generally middle class figure espousing attitudes typically attributed to the working classes. The subculture ... Read »


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    • Life partner

    • A life partner is a romantic or otherwise very close friend for life. The partners can be of the same or opposite sexes, married or unmarried, and celibate, monogamous or polyamorous. Life partners with platonic relationships are a common theme in serious and popular literature. Fictional examples of close same-sex fr ... Read »


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    • Limbic resonance

    • Limbic resonance is the idea that the capacity for sharing deep emotional states arises from the limbic system of the brain. These states include the dopamine circuit-promoted feelings of empathic harmony, and the norepinephrine circuit-originated emotional states of fear, anxiety and anger. The concept was advanced i ... Read »


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    • Limerence

    • Limerence (also infatuated love) is a state of mind which results from a romantic attraction to another person and typically includes obsessive thoughts and fantasies and a desire to form or maintain a relationship with the object of love and have one's feelings reciprocated. Psychologist Dorothy Tennov coined the term ... Read »


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    • Living apart together

    • Living Apart Together (abbreviation: LAT) is a term to describe couples who have an intimate relationship but live at separate addresses. LAT couples account for around 10% of adults in Britain, a figure which equates to over a quarter of all those not married or cohabiting. Similar figures are recorded for other count ... Read »


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    • Lonely hearts killer

    • The phrase lonely hearts killer, sometimes also want-ad killer, or matrimonial bureau murderer, is a journalistic term of art that refers to a person who commits murder by contacting a victim who has either posted advertisements to or answered advertisements via newspaper classified ads and personal or lonely hearts cl ... Read »


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    • Long-distance relationship

    • A long-distance relationship (LDR) (or long-distance romantic relationship (LDRR)) is an intimate relationship between partners who are geographically isolated from one another. Partners in LDRs face geographic separation and lack of face-to-face contact. LDRs are particularly prevalent among college students- constitu ... Read »


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    • Love–hate relationship


    • Male bonding

    • In ethology and social science, male bonding is the formation of close personal relationships, and patterns of friendship or cooperation between males. In the context of human relationships, male bonding is used to describe friendship between men, or the way in which men befriend each other. The expression is sometime ... Read »


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    • Maslow's hierarchy of needs


    • Matching hypothesis

    • The matching hypothesis (also known as the matching phenomenon) is derived from the discipline of social psychology and was first proposed by Elaine Hatfield and her colleagues in 1966, which suggests why people become attracted to their partner. It claims that people are more likely to form and succeed in a committed ... Read »


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    • Maternal deprivation

    • The term maternal deprivation is a catch-phrase summarising the early work of psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, John Bowlby on the effects of separating infants and young children from their mother (or mother substitute) although the effect of loss of the mother on the developing child had been considered earlier by Freu ... Read »


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    • Mating preferences

    • Mate preferences in humans refers to why one human chooses or chooses not to mate with another human and their reasoning why (see: Evolutionary Psychology, mating). Men and women have been observed having different criteria as what makes a good or ideal mate (gender differences). A potential mate's socioeconomic status ... Read »


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    • Meet market

    • Meet market or meat market, is an originally pejorative term referring to two related phenomena: The term has, in general, evolved to mean a place or activity at which single persons congregate, and has become, for the most part, value neutral or positive. The sexual revolution of the 1960s and the internal migration ... Read »


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    • Memory conformity

    • Memory conformity, also known as social contagion of memory, refers to a situation in which one person's report of a memory influences another person's report of that same experience. This interference often occurs when individuals discuss what they saw or experienced, and can result in the memories of those involved b ... Read »


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    • Michelangelo phenomenon

    • The Michelangelo phenomenon is a phenomenon observed by psychologists in which interdependent individuals influence and "sculpt" each other (opposite of Blueberry phenomenon, in which interdependent individuals bring out the worst qualities in each other). Over time, the Michelangelo effect causes individuals to develo ... Read »


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    • Military dependent

    • Military dependents are the spouse(s), children, and possibly other familial relationship categories of a sponsoring military member for purposes of pay as well as special benefits, privileges and rights. This generic category is enumerated in great detail for U.S. military members. The term "military brat" is also co ... Read »


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    • Mimpathy

    • Mimpathy (German: Nachfühlen, literally "after experience") is a philosophical concept related to empathy and sympathy. In Dagobert D. Runes' 1942 Dictionary of Philosophy, contributor Herman Hausheer defines mimpathy as the sharing of another's feelings on a matter, without necessarily experiencing feelings of symp ... Read »


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    • Mind-blindness

    • Mind-blindness is a cognitive disorder where an individual is unable to attribute mental states to others. As a result of this kind of social and empathetic cognitive deficit, the individual is incapable in putting himself "into someone else's shoes" and cannot conceptualize, understand or predict knowledge, thoughts a ... Read »


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    • Mirroring (psychology)

    • Mirroring is the behaviour in which one person subconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another. Mirroring often occurs in social situations, particularly in the company of close friends or family. The concept often affects other individual's notions about the individual that is exhibiting mi ... Read »


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    • Misplaced loyalty

    • Misplaced loyalty (or mistaken loyalty, misguided loyalty or misplaced trust) is loyalty placed in other persons or organisations where that loyalty is not acknowledged or respected; is betrayed or taken advantage of. It can also mean loyalty to a malignant or misguided cause. Social psychology provides a partial expl ... Read »


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    • Mizpah (emotional bond)

    • Mizpah is Hebrew for "lord watch over me" As mentioned in the Bible, it marked an agreement between two people, with God as their witness. Jacob had secretly fled the house of Laban, his father-in-law, in the middle of the night, taking flocks of animals, all his other assets, and his two wives and their children (the ... Read »


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    • Motsoalle

    • Motsoalle is the term for socially acceptable, long-term relationships between Basotho women in Lesotho.Motsoalle can be translated from Sesotho loosely as "a very special friend." The word, motsoalle, is used to describe the other woman, as in "she is my motsoalle;" and a motsoalle relationship describes the bond betw ... Read »


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    • Mudoko dako

    • A mudoko dako (also known as mudoko daka or dano mulokere) is an effeminate male who is considered by Langi society to be a different gender, though were mostly treated as woman among the Langi in Uganda. Mudoko dako could be also be found among the Teso and the Karamojan people. Recognition of the mudoko dako can be t ... Read »


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    • Murray's system of needs


    • Nagging

    • Nagging, in interpersonal communication, is repetitious behaviour in the form of pestering, hectoring, or otherwise continuously urging an individual to complete previously discussed requests or act on advice. As expressed by Elizabeth Bernstein, a Wall Street Journal reporter, nagging is "the interaction in which one ... Read »


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    • Need for affiliation

    • The need for affiliation (N-Affil) is a term that was popularized by David McClelland and describes a person's need to feel a sense of involvement and "belonging" within a social group; McClellend's thinking was strongly influenced by the pioneering work of Henry Murray who first identified underlying psychological hum ... Read »


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    • Negative-state relief model

    • The negative-state relief model states that human beings have an innate drive to reduce negative moods. They can be reduced by engaging in any mood-elevating behaviour, including helping behaviour, as it is paired with positive value such as smiles and thank you. Thus negative mood increases helpfulness because helping ... Read »


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    • Neuroanatomy of intimacy

    • Even though intimacy has been broadly defined in terms of romantic love and sexual desire, the neuroanatomy of intimacy needs further explanation in order to fully understand their neurological functions in different components within intimate relationships, which are romantic love, lust, attachment, and rejection in l ... Read »


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    • New relationship energy

    • New relationship energy (often abbreviated as NRE) is a state of mind experienced at the beginning of most significant sexual and romantic relationships, typically involving heightened emotional and sexual receptivity and excitement. It begins with the earliest attractions, grows into full force when mutuality is estab ... Read »


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    • Nice guy

    • A nice guy is an informal term for an (often young) adult male who portrays himself as gentle, compassionate, sensitive and/or vulnerable. The term is used both positively and negatively. When used positively, and particularly when used as a preference or description by someone else, it is intended to imply a male who ... Read »


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    • Norm of reciprocity

    • The norm of reciprocity is the expectation that people will respond favorably to each other by returning benefits for benefits, and responding with either indifference or hostility to harms. The social norm of reciprocity often takes different forms in different areas of social life, or in different societies. All of t ... Read »


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    • Nunchi

    • Nunchi, sometimes noonchi, is a Korean concept signifying the subtle art and ability to listen and gauge others' moods. In Western culture, nunchi could be described as the concept of emotional intelligence. It is of central importance to the dynamics of interpersonal relationships.Nunchi is literally translated as "ey ... Read »


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    • Nurse–client relationship


    • Obsessive love

    • Obsessive love is a condition in which one person feels an overwhelming obsessive desire to possess another person toward whom one feels a strong attraction, with an inability to accept failure or rejection. Although not categorized specifically under any specific mental diagnosis by the DSM-5, some people argue that o ... Read »


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    • On-again, off-again relationship

    • An on-again, off-again relationship (otherwise known as an on-off relationship, on and off relationship, or similar) is a form of personal relationship between two people. They may wish to keep an ongoing formal relationship, but have difficulty doing so because of continuous conflicts between themselves. Reasons for ... Read »


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    • Outcast (person)

    • An outcast is someone who is rejected or 'cast out', as from home or society, or in some way excluded, looked down upon, or ignored. In common English speech an outcast may be anyone who doesn't fit in with normal society, which can contribute to a sense of isolation. In Ancient Greece the Athenians had a procedur ... Read »


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    • PAIRS Foundation

    • The PAIRS Foundation, Inc.

      The PAIRS Foundation, Inc., develops curricula and programs designed to reconcile married couples and prevent divorce. It is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) corporation based in Broward County, Florida. The company was originally established in Virginia as PAIRS, Ltd. in 1983 and as The PAIRS Foundation, Inc. in Florida in ... Read »


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    • Parental respect

    • Parental respect refers to deference and associated actions directed towards one's parent(s). In most societies parental respect is a virtuous disposition. The extent to how much deference should be afforded to one's parents difference from region to region with some recommending full obedience. Although most societie ... Read »


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    • Pedagogical relation

    • The pedagogical relation refers to special kind of personal relationship between adult and child or adult or student that is different from other personal relationships. The pedagogical relation is described by Hermann Nohl, Klaus Mollenhauer, and others in the humanistic European pedagogical tradition. It has been dis ... Read »


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    • Personal advertisement

    • A personal or personal ad is an item or notice traditionally in the newspaper, similar to a classified advertisement but personal in nature. In British English it is also commonly known as an advert in a lonely hearts column. With its rise in popularity, the World Wide Web has also become a common medium for personals, ... Read »


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    • Personal distress

    • In psychology, personal distress is an aversive, self-focused emotional reaction (e.g., anxiety, worry, discomfort) to the apprehension or comprehension of another's emotional state or condition. This negative affective state often occurs as a result of emotional contagion when there is confusion between self and other ... Read »


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    • Pick-up line

    • A pick-up line or chat-up line is a conversation opener with the intent of engaging an unfamiliar person for romance or dating. Overt and sometimes humorous displays of romantic interest, pick-up lines advertise the wit of their speakers to their target listeners. They are most commonly used by men who pick up women. ... Read »


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    • Polyamory

    • Polyamory (from Greek πολύ poly, "many, several", and Latin amor, "love") is typically the practice of, or desire for, intimate relationships where individuals may have more than one partner, with the knowledge and consent of all partners.It has been described as "consensual, ethical, and responsible non-mo ... Read »


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    • POSSLQ

    • POSSLQ (/ˈpɒsəlkjuː/ POSS-əl-KYOO, plural POSSLQs) is an abbreviation (or acronym) for "person of opposite sex sharing living quarters", a term coined in the late 1970s by the United States Census Bureau as part of an effort to more accurately gauge the prevalence of cohabitation in American households. ... Read »


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    • Premastication

    • Premastication, pre-chewing, or kiss feeding is the act of chewing food for the purpose of physically breaking it down in order to feed another that is incapable of masticating the food by themselves. This is often done by the mother or relatives of a baby to produce baby food capable of being consumed by the child dur ... Read »


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    • Principle of least interest

    • The Principle of least interest is the idea in sociology that person or group that has the least amount of interest in continuing a relationship has the most power over that relationship. Typically it is referred to in relationships to explain where the power lies in the relationship. However it can be applied in many ... Read »


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    • Professional boundaries

    • Professional boundaries are an important consideration in the relationship between any professional and his/her client. Boundaries are an integral part of the nurse-client relationship. They represent invisible structures imposed by legal, ethical, and professional standards of nursing that respect the rights of n ... Read »


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    • Program on Negotiation

    • The Program on Negotiation (PON) is a university consortium dedicated to developing the theory and practice of negotiation and dispute resolution. As a community of scholars and practitioners, PON serves a unique role in the world negotiation community. Founded in 1983 as a special research project at Harvard Law Schoo ... Read »


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    • Propinquity

    • In social psychology, propinquity (/prəˈpɪŋkwáµ»tiː/; from Latin propinquitas, "nearness") is one of the main factors leading to interpersonal attraction. It refers to the physical or psychological proximity between people. Propinquity can mean physical proximity, a kinship between people, or a simil ... Read »


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    • Quality time

    • Quality time (QT) is an informal reference to time spent with close family, partners or friends that is in some way important, special, productive or profitable. It is time that is set aside for paying full and undivided attention to the person or matter at hand. It may also refer to time spent performing some favorite ... Read »


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    • Rabin fairness

    • Rabin fairness is a fairness model invented by Matthew Rabin. It goes beyond the standard assumptions in modeling behavior, rationality and self-interest, to incorporate fairness. Rabin's fairness model incorporates findings from the fields of economics and psychology fields to provide an alternative utility model. Fai ... Read »


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    • Radical compassion

    • Radical compassion is a term coined by the philosopher Khen Lampert, in 2003. His theory of radical compassion appeared in Traditions of Compassion: from Religious Duty to Social-Activism (2006). Lampert identifies compassion as a special case of empathy, directed towards the "other's" distress. Radical compassion is a ... Read »


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    • Rapport

    • Rapport is a close and harmonious relationship in which the people or groups concerned understand each other's feelings or ideas and communicate well. The word stems from the old French verb rapporter which means literally to carry something back; and, in the sense of how people relate to each other means that what on ... Read »


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    • Reciprocal liking

    • Reciprocal liking is a psychological term to describe the phenomenon of people tending to better like those people who like them. It reflects the notion that people feel better about themselves knowing that they are likable and enjoy the company of those who give them positive feelings. Reciprocal liking is considered ... Read »


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    • Reciprocity (social psychology)

    • In social psychology, reciprocity is a social rule that says people should repay, in kind, what another person has provided for them; that is, people give back (reciprocate) the kind of treatment they have received from another. By virtue of the rule of reciprocity, people are obligated to repay favors, gifts, invitati ... Read »


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    • Relational aggression

    • Relational aggression or alternative aggression is a type of aggression in which harm is caused by damaging someone's relationships or social status. Although it can be used in many contexts and among different age groups, relational aggression among adolescents in particular, has received a lot of attention. The atte ... Read »


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    • Relational transgression

    • Relational transgressions occur when people violate implicit or explicit relational rules. These transgressions include a wide variety of behaviors. Scholars tend to delineate relational transgressions into three categories or approaches. The first approach focuses on the aspect of certain behaviors as a violation of ... Read »


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    • Relationship anarchy

    • Relationship anarchy (abbreviated RA) is the practice of forming relationships that are not bound by rules aside from what the people involved mutually agree on. If a relationship anarchist has multiple intimate partners, it can be considered as a form of polyamory, but distinguishes itself by postulating that there ne ... Read »


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    • Relationship counseling

    • Relationship counseling is the process of counseling the parties of a human relationship in an effort to recognize, and to better manage or reconcile, troublesome differences and repeating patterns of stress upon the relationship. The relationship involved may be between members of a family or a couple (see also family ... Read »


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    • Reproductive value (social psychology)

    • Reproductive value (RV) is a term used in social psychology to describe the level of attractiveness of women. The reproduction value theory introduces a mechanism that men unintentionally use when "searching" for a partner. The level of the RV is decided by several things, including: It is clear now that the higher th ... Read »


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    • Resource acquisition ability

    • Resource acquisition ability (RAA) is a term in social psychology and the sexual opposite of the reproductive value (RV), introducing an unintentional mechanism used by women when selecting a male partner. The RAA is focused on some factors: Unlike the reproduction value, the RAA is not a scale. Mainly because of the ... Read »


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    • Respect

    • Respect is a feeling of admiration or deference toward a person, child, non-human animal, group, ideal, or indeed almost any entity or concept, as well as specific actions and conduct representative of that esteem. Respect can be a specific feeling of regard for the actual qualities of the one respected (e.g., "I have ... Read »


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    • Romance film

    • Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on cinema that focus on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their genuinely strong, true and pure romantic love takes them through dating, ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Interpersonal relationships

Extras