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  • Hygiene

    Hygiene

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    • Hygienists

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    • Bathing

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    • Cleaning

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    • Disinfectants

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    • Feminine hygiene

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    • Industrial hygiene

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    • Laundry

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    • Medical hygiene

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    • Nail care

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Nail care


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    • Oral care

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Oral care


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    • Oral hygiene

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    • Personal hygiene products

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    • Ritual purification

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    • Sanitation

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    • Sauna

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    • Skin care

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    • Toilet paper

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    • Hygiene

    • Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases." Whereas in popular culture and parlance it can often mean mere 'cleanliness', hygiene i ... Read »


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    • Ablution in Christianity

    • Ablution, in religion, is a prescribed washing of part or all of the body or of possessions, such as clothing or ceremonial objects, with the intent of purification or dedication. In Christianity, both baptism and footwashing are forms of ablution. In liturgical churches, ablution can refer to purifying fingers or vess ... Read »


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    • Acacia concinna

    • Acacia concinna

      Acacia concinna is a climbing shrub native to Asia, common in the warm plains of central and south India. The tree is food for the larvae of the butterfly Pantoporia hordonia.Alkaloids are found in the tree's fruit. Acacia concinna has been used traditionally for hair care in the Indian Subcontinent since ancient ... Read »


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    • American School Hygiene Association

    • An outgrowth of the school hygiene movement, the American School Hygiene Association (ASCHA) was a professional organization of physicians, dentists, administrators, nurses, and other stakeholders in the health and well-being of school children. Formed in 1906, it involved reformers and politicians of the Progressive m ... Read »


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    • Anal cleansing

    • Anal cleansing is the hygienic practice that a person performs on the anal area of themselves after defecation. The anus and may be either washed with liquids or wiped with toilet paper or other solid materials. In many Muslim, Hindu and Sikh cultures, as well as Southeast Asia, water is usually used for anal cleansin ... Read »


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    • Antimicrobial copper-alloy touch surfaces

    • Antimicrobial copper-alloy touch surfaces can prevent frequently touched surfaces from serving as reservoirs for the spread of pathogenic microbes. This is especially true in healthcare facilities, where harmful viruses, bacteria, and fungi colonize and persist on doorknobs, push plates, railings, tray tables, tap (fau ... Read »


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    • Automatic soap dispenser

    • Automatic soap dispensers (also known as touchless or no-touch soap dispensers) dispense a controlled amount of soap solution (or a similar liquid such as a hand sanitizer). They are often used in conjunction with automatic faucets in public restrooms. They function to conserve the amount of soap used and stem infectio ... Read »


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    • Bidet shower

    • A bidet shower (bidet spray, bidet sprayer, or health faucet, sometimes colloquially called a "Muslim shower" or "bum gun") is a hand-held triggered nozzle, similar to that on a kitchen sink sprayer, that delivers a spray of water to assist in anal cleansing and cleaning the genitals after defecation and urination. ... Read »


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    • Body grooming

    • Body grooming is the act of hair removal, shaving, styling or trimming hair of the male body. It is also often referred to as manscaping, a portmanteau derived from the words 'man' and 'landscaping'. Today, men and women around the world embrace body grooming as an essential part of their everyday routines. Once a ... Read »


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    • Toiletry bag

    • A toiletry bag (also called a toiletry kit, dopp kit, bathroom kit, sponge bag, toilet bag, toilet kit, body hygiene kit, travel kit, wash bag, or wet pack), is a portable container—usually a pouch with a zippered closure—which holds body hygiene and toiletry supplies such as toothbrush and toothpaste, dental ... Read »


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    • Body odor

    • Body odor, or BO, is present in animals and humans, and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioral patterns, survival strategies). Body odor has a strong genetic basis both in animals and humans, but it can be also strongly influenced by various diseases and psychological conditions. Body odor is gener ... Read »


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    • Brevibacterium iodinum

    • Chromobacterium iodinum Davis 1939Pseudomonas iodinum Delft Brevibacterium iodinum is a Gram-positive soil bacterium. It can often be found among the normal cutaneous flora of healthy people, particularly in humid environments, and is only very rarely involved in opportunistic infections. It is also suspected to be ... Read »


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    • Cathole

    • A cathole or cat hole or sometimes pighole is a pit for human feces. Catholes are frequently used for the purpose of disposing of bowel movements or waste water (such as the water from cleaning the kitchen dishes) by hikers and others engaging in outdoor recreation. Catholes must be located at a reasonable distance fr ... Read »


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    • Child mortality

    • Child mortality, also known as under-5 mortality or child death, refers to the death of infants and children under the age of five or between the age of one month to four years depending on the definition. A child's death is emotionally and physically hard on the parents. Many deaths in the majority of the world go unr ... Read »


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    • Cleanliness

    • Cleanliness is both the abstract state of being clean and free from dirt, and the habit of achieving and maintaining that state. Cleanliness is often achieved through cleaning. Cleanliness may imply a moral quality, as indicated by the aphorism "cleanliness is next to godliness", and may be regarded as contributing to ... Read »


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    • Cleansing pad

    • A wet wipe, also known as a wet towel, or a moist towelette, is a small moistened piece of paper or cloth that often comes folded and individually wrapped for convenience. Wet wipes are used for cleaning purposes, like personal hygiene or household cleaning. Because of their failure to break down when flushed, they hav ... Read »


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    • Close coupled field technology

    • Close coupled field technology (CCFT) is an air sterilization process that kills 99.999% of microbes, bacteria (including bacterial endospores), viruses, germs, mold spores, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), fungal air contaminants and chemical agents and their associated odors. CCFT utilizes small high-voltage coils ... Read »


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    • Contamination control

    • Contamination control is the generic term for all activities aiming to control the existence, growth and proliferation of contamination in certain areas. Contamination control may refer to the atmosphere as well as to surfaces, to particulate matter as well as to microbes and to contamination prevention as well as to d ... Read »


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    • Cosmetic Valley

    • The Cosmetic Valley or pôle cosmétique sciences de la beauté et du bien-être (in English, cosmetic science of beauty and well-being business cluster) is a technopole, the most important French business cluster specialized in the production of consumer goods in the industry of perfumes and cosmetics in Franc ... Read »


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    • DeconGel

    • DeconGel is a gel used to clean up after chemical and nuclear disasters. DeconGel was used after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan to remove high levels of radiation from the Asahimachi Baptist School, after the March 11, 2011 earthquake and subsequent tsunami compromised reactors and cooling baths at TEPCO’ ... Read »


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    • Decontamination

    • Decontamination (sometimes abbreviated as decon, dcon, or decontam) is the process of cleansing an object or substance to remove contaminants such as micro-organisms or hazardous materials, including chemicals, radioactive substances, and infectious diseases. The purpose of decontamination is to prevent the spread of ... Read »


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    • Decontamination foam

    • Decontamination foam (known commonly as Decon foam) is a spray-on cleaning solution that, due to its physical properties, has a longer residence time on contaminated surfaces than regular liquids and thus provides efficient decontamination of biological and chemical contaminants (e.g. chemical warfare agents, anthrax s ... Read »


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    • Dirt

    • Dirt is unclean matter, especially when in contact with a person's clothes, skin or possessions when they are said to become dirty. Common types of dirt include: A season of artworks and exhibits on the theme of dirt was sponsored by the Wellcome Trust in 2011. The centrepiece was an exhibition at the Wellcome Col ... Read »


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    • Dishwashing

    • Dish washing (British English: washing up) is the process of cooking utensils, dishes, cutlery and other items. This is either achieved by hand in a sink or using dishwasher and may take place in a kitchen, utility room, scullery or elsewhere. In Britain to do the washing up also includes to dry and put away. There ar ... Read »


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    • Disinfectant

    • Disinfectants are antimicrobial agents that are applied to the surface of non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects. Disinfection does not necessarily kill all microorganisms, especially resistant bacterial spores; it is less effective than sterilization, which is an extreme physical a ... Read »


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    • Douche

    • Douche

      A douche /duʃ/ is a device used to introduce a stream of water into the body for medical or hygienic reasons, or the stream of water itself. Douche usually refers to vaginal irrigation, the rinsing of the vagina, but it can also refer to the rinsing of any body cavity. A douche bag is a piece of equipment for douch ... Read »


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    • Dry decontamination

    • Dry decontamination is a method of decontaminating (or removing contaminants like chemicals, biological particles, or other liquids, gasses, or solids) that requires no water or other liquids. Decontamination is an essential job duty of hazmat responders as it protects victims from harmful reactions to the contaminants ... Read »


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    • Dry heat sterilization

    • Dry heat sterilization of an article is one of the earliest forms of sterilization practiced. Dry heat, as the name indicates, utilizes hot air that is either free from water vapor, or has very little of it, and where this moisture plays a minimal or no role in the process of sterilization. The Dry-Heat sterilizat ... Read »


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    • Dyson Airblade

    • Dyson Airblade

      The Dyson Airblade is a model of electric hand dryer made by the Wiltshire, UK based company Dyson. It was introduced in the UK in 2006 and in the United States in latter part of 2007. Instead of using a wide jet of heated air, it uses a thin layer of unheated air traveling at around 400 mph (180 m/s; 640 ... Read »


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    • Euthenics

    • Euthenics /juːˈθɛnɪks/ is the study of the improvement of human functioning and well-being by improvement of living conditions. Affecting the "improvement" through altering external factors such as education and the controllable environment, including the prevention and removal of contagious disease and ... Read »


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    • Failures of water supply and sanitation systems

    • Failures of water supply and sanitation systems describes situations where water supply and sanitation systems (also called WASH systems) have been put in place (for example by the government or by non-government organizations (NGOs) but have failed to meet the expected outcomes. Often this is due to poor planning, ins ... Read »


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    • Fecal sludge management

    • Fecal sludge management (FSM), also spelled faecal sludge management in British English, is a management system that safely collects, transports, and treats fecal sludge (also called septage) from pit latrines, septic tanks or other onsite sanitation facilities (OSSF). In other words, it deals with the mixture of human ... Read »


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    • Finger bowl

    • A finger bowl is a bowl of water used for rinsing one's fingers between courses during formal, multiple course meals. It is typically served before the dessert course, arriving with the dessert plate and with a linen doily between plate and bowl. A glass ornament, flower, flower petals, lemon slice, sprig of mint or ot ... Read »


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    • Fomite

    • A fomes (pronounced /ˈfoʊmiːz/) or fomite (/ˈfoʊmaɪt/) is any nonliving object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms, such as germs or parasites, and hence transferring them from one individual to another. Skin cells, hair, clothing, and bedding are common hospital sources of contamina ... Read »


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    • Food Hygiene Rating (Wales) Act 2013

    • The Food Hygiene Rating (Wales) Act 2013 anaw 2 is an Act of the National Assembly for Wales to make food hygiene ratings mandatory. The ratings are also to be made public through use of a Food Hygiene Sticker. Food Hygiene Ratings are available on the Food Standards Agency website. ... Read »


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    • Foot odor

    • Foot odor (or foot odour) is a type of body odor that affects the feet of humans and is generally considered to be an unpleasant smell. The main cause is foot sweat (also see focal hyperhidrosis). Sweat itself is odorless, but it creates a beneficial environment for certain bacteria to grow and produce bad-smellin ... Read »


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    • Foot washing

    • Maundy (from the Vulgate of John 13:34 meaning "command"), or the Washing of the Feet, is a religious rite observed by various Christian denominations. The name is taken from the first few Latin words sung at the ceremony of the washing of the feet, "Mandatum novum do vobis ut diligatis invicem sicut dilexi vos" ("I g ... Read »


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    • Global Handwashing Day

    • Global Handwashing Day

      Global Handwashing Day (GHD) is a campaign to motivate and mobilize people around the world to improve their handwashing habits by washing their hands with soap at critical moments throughout each day. It takes place on 15 October of each year. The campaign is dedicated to raising awareness of handwashing with soap as ... Read »


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    • Hair care

    • Hair care is an overall term for hygiene and cosmetology involving the hair which grows from the human scalp, and to a lesser extent facial, pubic and other body hair. Hair care routines differ according to an individual's culture and the physical characteristics of one's hair. Hair may be colored, trimmed, shaved, plu ... Read »


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    • Hair washing

    • Hair washing is the cosmetic act of keeping hair clean by washing it with shampoo or other detergent products and water. Hair conditioner may also be used to improve hair's texture and manageability. Two-in-one shampoos, which have both detergent and conditioning components, are now commonly also used as a replacement ... Read »


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    • Hand sanitizer

    • Hand sanitizer

      Hand sanitizer of the alcohol-based type is preferable to hand washing with soap and water in most situations in the healthcare setting. It is generally more effective at killing microorganisms and better tolerated than soap and water. Hand washing should still be carried out if contamination can be seen or following t ... Read »


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    • Hand washing

    • Hand washing or hand hygiene is the act of cleaning one's hands with or without the use of water or another liquid, or with the use of soap for the purpose of removing soil, dirt, and/or microorganisms. The spelling "handwashing" in one word is also common. Medical hand hygiene pertains to the hygiene practices relate ... Read »


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    • Handwashing in Judaism

    • Jewish law today prescribes several kinds of hand washing (Hebrew: נטילת ידיים‎‎, netilat yadayim): In two of these hand washings, water is poured out over one's hands with the aid of a vessel, viz., 1) whenever one wakes from his sleep, and 2) before eating bread. These hand wa ... Read »


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    • Health risks from dead bodies

    • The health risks of dead bodies are dangers related to the improper preparation and disposal of cadavers. While normal circumstances allow cadavers to be quickly embalmed, cremated, or buried, natural and man-made disasters can quickly overwhelm and/or interrupt the established protocols for dealing with the dead. Unde ... Read »


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    • Human decontamination

    • Human decontamination is the process of cleansing the human body to remove contamination by hazardous materials including chemicals, radioactive substances, and infectious material. Persons suspected of being contaminated are usually separated by sex, and led into a decontamination tent, trailer, or pod, where the ... Read »


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    • Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1964

    • Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1964 is an International Labour Organization Convention. It was established in 1964, with the preamble stating: Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to hygiene in commerce and offices,... As of 2014[update], the convention has been ratified by 5 ... Read »


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    • Hygiene program

    • Hygiene programs are ways of providing basic hygiene facilities to people experiencing homelessness. Some are stand-alone hygiene centers while others are at locations that also provide additional kinds of services. They are one of the more modern responses to addressing homelessness, especially compared to things like ... Read »


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    • Islamic toilet etiquette

    • The Islamic faith has particular rules regarding personal hygiene when going to the toilet. This code of Muslim hygienical jurisprudence is known as Qadaa' al-Haajah. The only issue which the Qur'an mentions is the one of washing one's hands (). Issues of chirality (bodily symmetry), such as whether one uses the left ... Read »


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    • Jewelry hygiene

    • Jewelry Hygiene is an area of study focusing on sanitary practices and habits relating to jewelry in an effort to understand jewelry's effect on hand hygiene. There are four key elements to optimally sanitizing jewelry: steam or hot water, water pressure and an antibacterial cleaning agent. Hand hygiene is particularly ... Read »


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    • Kehrwoche

    • The Swabian or Württembergische Kehrwoche began at the end of the 15th century in Württemberg, to improve household cleanliness. In its original form, it imposed duties on individual households regarding order and cleanliness inside the common property within the building, like staircases or entrances, as well as ... Read »


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    • Manpacks

    • Manpacks

      Manpacks is a quarterly subscription service offering men's underwear, socks, toiletries and other basic needs. Buyers create their pack with offered items including boxer briefs, undershirts, socks, shaving products, and condoms, and the pack is automatically delivered every three months. Ken Johnson and Andrew D ... Read »


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    • Mass decontamination

    • Mass decontamination (abbreviated mass decon) is the decontamination of large numbers of people, in the event of industrial, accidental, or intentional contamination by toxic, infective, caustic, polluted, or otherwise unhealthful or damaging substances. Mass decontamination, referred to as mass decon from here forth ... Read »


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    • Menstrual hygiene day

    • Menstrual hygiene day

      Menstrual hygiene day (MHD or MH Day) is an annual awareness day, on 28 May, that aims to break taboos and raise awareness about the importance of good menstrual hygiene management (MHM) for women and adolescent girls worldwide. It was initiated by the German-based NGO WASH United in 2014. The initiative for Menstrual ... Read »


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    • Milton sterilizing fluid

    • Milton sterilizing fluid is produced by Procter & Gamble for sterilization uses. It contains 1% sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) and 16.5% sodium chloride (NaCl; common salt). 1:80 dilution is used to sterilise babies' feeding utensils, including baby bottles. It is sold in dissolvable tablets which are then mixed with cold ... Read »


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    • Muslim hygienical jurisprudence

    • Hygiene is a prominent topic in Islam. Islam has always placed a strong emphasis on personal hygiene. Other than the need to be ritually clean in time for the daily prayer (Arabic: salat) through Wudu and Ghusl, there are a large number of other hygiene-related rules governing the lives of Muslims. Other issues include ... Read »


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    • Nasal irrigation

    • Nasal irrigation

      Nasal irrigation, or nasal lavage or nasal douche, is a personal hygiene practice in which the nasal cavity is washed to flush out mucus and debris from the nose and sinuses. The practice is generally well-tolerated and reported to be beneficial with only minor side effects. Nasal irrigation in a wider sense can also r ... Read »


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    • Neti (Hatha Yoga)

    • Neti (Sanskrit: नेती netÄ«) is an important part of Hindu Shatkarma (sometimes known as Shatkriya), the yogic system of body cleansing techniques. It is intended mainly to the cleaning of the air passageways in the head. Both the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and other sources usually attribute to Neti man ... Read »


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    • Nitpicking

    • Nitpicking is the act of removing nits (the eggs of lice, generally head lice) from the host's hair. As the nits are cemented to individual hairs, they cannot be removed with most lice combs and, before modern chemical methods were invented, the only options were to shave all the host's hair or to pick them free one by ... Read »


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    • Open defecation

    • Open defecation is the practice of people defecating outside and not into a designated toilet. The term is widely used in literature about water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) issues in developing countries. Open defecation causes public health problems in areas where people defecate in fields, urban parks, rivers, an ... Read »


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    • PatientPak

    • Sanitas Healthcare plc (formerly PatientPak Holdings Ltd) is a consumer hygiene pack manufacturer and retailer. The original product, PatientPak, was designed for use by patients to protect themselves from healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs), and especially from antibiotic resistant pathogens known as ‘superb ... Read »


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    • Personal care

    • Personal care or toiletries is the industry which manufactures consumer products used in personal hygiene and for beautification. Subsectors of personal care include personal hygiene and cosmetics. There is a distinction between personal hygienic items, which are necessities, and cosmetics, which are luxury goods ... Read »


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    • Personal grooming

    • Personal grooming (also called preening) is the art of cleaning, grooming, and maintaining parts of the body. It is a species-typical behavior. Individual animals regularly clean themselves and put their fur, feathers or other skin coverings in good order. This activity is known as personal grooming, a form of hyg ... Read »


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    • Rectal douching

    • Rectal douching (also known as anal douching) is the act of rinsing the rectum with intent to clean it, typically in preparation for anal sex. An instance of this rinsing or a tool used to perform the rinse may be called a rectal douche. Rectal douching is commonly used by people who engage in anal sex. Gay males as a ... Read »


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    • Reverse quarantine

    • In health care facilities, isolation represents one of several measures that can be taken to implement infection control: the prevention of contagious diseases from being spread from a patient to other patients, health care workers, and visitors, or from outsiders to a particular patient (reverse isolation). Various fo ... Read »


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    • Rexona

    • Rexona

      Rexona is a deodorant and antiperspirant brand founded in Australia and manufactured by Unilever. While marketed under the Rexona name in most countries, it is known as Sure in the United Kingdom, Ireland and India, Degree in the United States of America and Canada, Rexena in Japan, and Shield in South Africa. In Norwa ... Read »


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    • Rolls Razor

    • Rolls Razor Limited was a British company known first for its manufacture of a sophisticated safety-razor and later, under new ownership, an "affordable" twin-tub washing machine. The eponymous product was a sophisticated safety-razor which promoted with the slogan "The razor that is stropped and honed in its case ... Read »


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    • Sachet

    • A sachet /ˈsæʃeɪ/ is a small cloth scented bag filled with herbs, potpourri, or aromatic ingredients. A sachet is also a small porous bag or packet containing a material intended to interact with its atmosphere; for example, desiccants are usually packed in sachets which are then placed in larger packages. ... Read »


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    • Sanitary paper

    • Sanitary paper includes papers used for toilet paper, sanitary napkins, facial tissues, paper towels, napkins and some disposable diapers. The paper is processed to be soft and absorbent. Global production of the category in 2013 was 30.9 million tonnes, having steadily increased since 1993. Total production of these ... Read »


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    • Sanitation

    • Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater. Hazards can be either physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes that can cause health problems inclu ... Read »


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    • Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures

    • Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures is the common name given to the sanitation procedures in food production plants which are required by the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the USDA and regulated by 9 CFR part 416 in conjunction with 21 CFR part 178.1010. It is considered one of the prerequisite programs of ... Read »


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    • Shower

    • A shower is a place in which a person bathes under a spray of typically warm or hot water. Indoors, there is a drain in the floor. Most showers have temperature, spray pressure and adjustable showerhead nozzle. The simplest showers have a swivelling nozzle aiming down on the user, while more complex showers have a sho ... Read »


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    • Sleep hygiene

    • Sleep hygiene is the recommended behavioral and environmental practice that is intended to promote better quality sleep. This recommendation was developed in the late 1970s as a method to help people with mild to moderate insomnia, but, as of 2014[update], the evidence for effectiveness of individual recommendations is ... Read »


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    • Social grooming

    • In social animals, including humans, social grooming is an activity in which individuals in a group clean or maintain one another's body or appearance. A related term, allogrooming, indicates social grooming between members of the same species. Grooming is a major social activity, and a means by which animals who live ... Read »


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    • Social hygiene movement

    • The social hygiene movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was an attempt by Progressive-era reformers to control venereal disease, regulate prostitution and vice, and disseminate sexual education through the use of scientific research methods and modern media techniques. A mental hygiene movement also devel ... Read »


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    • Earle H Spaulding

    • Earle Spaulding of Temple University (Philadelphia, Pa) in a 1939 paper on disinfection of surgical instruments in a chemical solution proposed "a strategy for sterilization or disinfection of inanimate objects and surfaces based on the degree of risk involved in their use." for the medical community. "Due to his exte ... Read »


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    • Specific-pathogen-free

    • Specific-pathogen-free

      Main articlesAnimal testingAlternatives to animal testing Testing on: invertebratesfrogs · primatesrabbits · rodentsAnimal testing regulationsHistory of animal testingHistory of model organismsIACUCLaboratory animal sourcesPain and suffering in lab animalsTesting cosmetics on animalsToxicology testingVivi ... Read »


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    • Spray-and-vac cleaning

    • Spray-and-vac cleaning is a “no-touch” method - cleaning is accomplished without the need for workers to touch soiled surfaces with their hands - used in professional cleaning in which a pressurized, diluted cleaning solution is applied to soiled or contaminated surfaces. To start, a diluted cleaning sol ... Read »


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    • Sterilant gas monitoring

    • Sterilant gas monitoring is the detection of hazardous gases used by health care and other facilities to sterilize medical supplies that cannot be sterilized by heat or steam methods. The current FDA approved sterilant gases are ethylene oxide, hydrogen peroxide and ozone.Sterilization means the complete destruction of ... Read »


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    • Sterilization (microbiology)

    • Sterilization (or sterilisation), referring to any process that eliminates (removes) or kills (deactivates) all forms of life and other biological agents (as well as viruses which some do not consider to be alive but are biological pathogens nonetheless), including transmissible agents (such as fungi, bacteria, viruses ... Read »


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    • Straight razor

    • A straight razor is a razor with a blade that can fold into its handle. They are also called open razors and cut-throat razors. Straight razors were once the principal method of manual shaving, but their production fell considerably behind that of the safety razor, which incorporates a disposable blade. Electric razor ... Read »


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    • Sustainable sanitation

    • Sustainable sanitation is a type of sanitation system which strives to be "sustainable" in all respects. According to the definition by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance a sustainable sanitation system should meet the following five criteria: 1) it should be economically viable; 2) socially acceptable; 3) technica ... Read »


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    • Automatic toilet paper dispenser

    • An automatic toilet paper dispenser is a toilet roll holder that can be either button or sensor-activated to fold and cut the toilet paper automatically. The automatic toilet-paper dispenser can help aid disabled users, especially in large facilities. The Camitool by the Japanese company Shikoku uses motion senso ... Read »


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    • Toilet paper

    • Toilet paper is a tissue paper product used by humans primarily for the ablution of the anus and surrounding area of fecal material after defecation and by human females for cleaning the perineal area of urine after urination and other bodily fluid releases. It also acts as a layer of protection for the hands during th ... Read »


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    • Toilet plume

    • Toilet plume is the aerosol produced when flushing the toilet. Studies have shown aerosol droplets are produced by flushing the toilet, that enter the air of the room. A fecal-oral route was demonstrated. No proven cases of infection have been found, but the risk is unknown. ... Read »


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    • Toilet rim block

    • A toilet rim block is a block-shaped substance used in flush toilets which slowly dissolves in water. They often come in a small holder that is attached over the rim of a toilet and hangs down into the bowl, so as the toilet gets flushed, the water passes through the holder coming into contact with the block. However, ... Read »


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    • Toilet seat cover

    • A toilet seat cover or toilet sheet is a disposable piece of paper shaped like the toilet seat itself that can be placed on the seat by its user. Its purpose is to protect the toilet's user from germs that may be resting on the seat by creating a protective barrier. Confusingly, the term is also sometimes used for ... Read »


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    • Toothcomb

    • A toothcomb (also tooth comb or dental comb) is a dental structure found in some mammals, comprising a group of front teeth arranged in a manner that facilitates grooming, similar to a hair comb. The toothcomb occurs in lemuriform primates (which includes lemurs and lorisoids), treeshrews, colugos, hyraxes, and some Af ... Read »


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    • Tyndallization

    • Tyndallization is a process dating from the nineteenth century for sterilizing substances, usually food, named after its inventor, scientist John Tyndall. It is still occasionally used. A simple, effective, sterilizing method used today is to heat the substance being sterilized to 121 °C for 15 minutes in a pressur ... Read »


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    • Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation

    • Pulsed-xenon lamps emit UV light across the entire UV spectrum with a peak emission near 230nm. Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) is a disinfection method that uses short-wavelength ultraviolet (UV-C) light to kill or inactivate microorganisms by destroying nucleic acids and disrupting their DNA, leaving them ... Read »


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    • Urinal deodorizer block

    • Urinal deodorizer blocks (also called urinal cakes, para blocks, urinal mints, urinal pucks, urinal peons (pee-ons), urinal biscuits, urinal cookies, or urinal donuts) are the small disinfectant blocks found in urinals. The purpose of these blocks is to disinfect,reduce odors, or mask odors of restroom urinals. They a ... Read »


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    • WASH

    • WASH (also called Watsan, WaSH or WSH) stands for "Water, Sanitation and Hygiene" - several interrelated public health issues that are of particular interest to international development programs. Affordable access to WASH is a key public health issue, especially in developing countries. Several international developm ... Read »


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    • Washing

    • Washing is a method of cleaning, usually with water and often some kind of soap or detergent. Washing both body and clothing is an essential part of good hygiene and health. Often people use soaps and detergents to assist in the emulsification of oils and dirt particles so they can be washed away. The soap can be appl ... Read »


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    • Washing mitt

    • A washing mitt is a piece of terry cloth, shaped like a pouch that the hand fits in. It is being used as an aid in washing the body, for example, to apply soap to the body, and to remove the soap with a rinsed out washing mitt. It can also be used to freshen up the face. Usually, a towel is used to dry off the body aft ... Read »


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    • Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council

    • Dr Christopher W. Williams, Executive Director The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) is a United Nations membership organization that advocates for improved sanitation and hygiene for the most vulnerable and marginalized people around the world. WSSCC facilitates multi-stakeholder collaboration ... Read »


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    • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Monitoring Program

    • The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Monitoring Program or WaSH MP is a local initiative that is responsible for monitoring the enduring crisis in the water sector in the Palestinian territories (oPt). In a region already suffering severe water stress, the ongoing political, economic and social crisis in the oPt has ... Read »


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    • World Toilet Day

    • World Toilet Day

      World Toilet Day (WTD) is an annual event celebrated on 19 November. The day focuses on the importance of proper sanitation and advocates for access to clean and safe toilets for all. Originally established by the World Toilet Organization in 2001, the day is set aside to draw attention to the global sanitation crisis. ... Read »


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    • Wound licking

    • Wound licking is an instinctive response in humans and many other animals to lick an injury. Dogs, cats, small rodents and primates all lick wounds. Saliva contains tissue factor which promotes the blood clotting mechanism. The enzyme lysozyme is found in many tissues and is known to attack the cell walls of many gram- ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Hygiene

Extras