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  • History of religion

    History of religion

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    • History of religion by country

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    • History of religion by period

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    • Religion timelines

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    • History of religion studies

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    • History of the Bahá'í Faith


    • History of Buddhism

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    • History of Christianity

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    • History of Hinduism

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    • Historicity of religion

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    • History of Islam

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    • History of Jainism

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    • Jewish history

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    • History of mystic traditions

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    • Paganism

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    • Religion in classical antiquity

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    • History of Sikhism

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    • History of Zoroastrianism

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    • History of religions

    • AnthropologyComparative religionDevelopmentNeurotheology / God geneOriginsPsychology PrehistoricAncient Near East  · Ancient Egypt  · SemiticIndo-European  · Vedic Hinduism  · Greco-Roman  · Celtic  · GermanicAxial Age  · Vedanta  · Shramana  · Dharma  · ... Read »


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    • History of religions school

    • The history of religions school (German Religionsgeschichtliche Schule) is a term applied to a group of German Protestant theologians associated with the University of Göttingen in the 1890s. The circle included Bernhard Duhm (1873), Albert Eichhorn (1856–1926; 1886), Hermann Gunkel (1888), Johannes Weiss (188 ... Read »


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    • Astro-theology

    • Astrotheology is the study of the astronomical origins of religion; how gods, goddesses, and demons are personifications of astronomical phenomena such as lunar eclipses, planetary alignments, and apparent interactions of planetary bodies with stars. The term astro-theology appears in the title of a 1714 work by Willi ... Read »


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    • Axial Age

    • Axial Age (also Axis Age, from German: Achsenzeit) is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers after Victor von Strauß (1859) and Ernst von Lasaulx (1870) in the sense of a "pivotal age" characterizing the period of ancient history from about the 8th to the 3rd century BC. Then, according to Jaspers' conce ... Read »


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    • Axis mundi

    • The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth. As the celestial pole and geographic pole, it expresses a point of connection between sky and earth where the four compass d ... Read »


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    • History of creationism

    • The history of creationism relates to the history of thought based on the premise that the natural universe had a beginning, and came into being supernaturally. The term creationism in its broad sense covers a wide range of views and interpretations, and was not in common use before the late 19th century. Throughout re ... Read »


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    • Edict of toleration

    • An edict of toleration is a declaration, made by a government or ruler and states, that members of a given religion will not be persecuted for engaging in their religious practices and traditions. The edict implies tacit acceptance of the religion rather than its endorsement by the ruling power. ... Read »


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    • Epoché


    • Eternal return (Eliade)

    • The “eternal return” is an idea for interpreting religious behavior proposed by the historian Mircea Eliade; it is a belief expressed through behavior (sometimes implicitly, but often explicitly) that one is able to become contemporary with or return to the “mythical age” – the time when the ev ... Read »


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    • Event of Mubahala

    • The Event of Mubahala was a debate between the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the Christians of Najran, where the call was extended to the sons and women. Mubahala is a Qur'anic evocation of the occasion of an encounter between Muslims and Christians during Muhammad's lifetime. In this occasion Muhammad is instructed by ... Read »


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    • List of founders of religious traditions

    • This article lists historical figures credited with founding religions or religious philosophies or people who first codified older known religious traditions. It also lists those who have founded a specific major denomination within a larger religion. In many cases, one can regard a religion as a continuous tradition ... Read »


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    • Gods in the Sky

    • Gods in the Sky was a three-part British television series on Channel 4, covering astronomical religion in early civilisations. It is presented by the historian of science Allan Chapman. The series was filmed in Britain, Egypt, Greece, and Italy. There is a book of the same name to accompany the series. ... Read »


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    • Hierophany

    • A hierophany is a manifestation of the sacred. The word is a formation of the Greek adjective hieros (Greek: ἱερός; sacred/holy) and the verb phainein (φαίνειν; to reveal / to bring to light). When the sacred is revealed in some form or other to an entity, it brings with it great ... Read »


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    • Historiography of religion

    • The historiography of religion is how historians have studied religion in terms of themes, sources and conflicting ideas. Historians typically focus on one particular topic in the overall history of religions - in terms of geographical area or of theological tradition. The field has focused mostly on theology and on c ... Read »


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    • International Association for the Cognitive Science of Religion

    • The International Association for the Cognitive Science of Religion (IACSR), founded in 2006, is a scholarly association dedicated to the promotion of the Cognitive Science of Religion. The IACSR is an interdisciplinary association, including scholars from a wide variety of disciplines in the human, social, natural and ... Read »


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    • Natural religion

    • Natural religion most frequently means the "religion of nature", in which God, the soul, spirits, and all objects of the supernatural are considered as part of nature and not separate from it. Conversely, it is also used in philosophy, specifically Roman Catholic philosophy, to describe some aspects of religion that ar ... Read »


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    • History of New Thought

    • The history of New Thought started in the 1830s, with roots in the United States and England. As a spiritual movement with roots in metaphysical beliefs, New Thought has helped guide a variety of social changes throughout the 19th, 20th, and into the 21st centuries. Psychologist and philosopher William James labelled N ... Read »


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    • Numen

    • Numen, pl. numina, is a Latin term for "divinity", or a "divine presence", "divine will." The Latin authors defined it as follows.Cicero writes of a "divine mind" (divina mens), a god "whose numen everything obeys," and a "divine power" (vim divinam) "which pervades the lives of men." It causes the motions and cries of ... Read »


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    • Origin myth

    • An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world. One type of origin myth is the cosmogonic myth, which describes the creation of the world. However, many cultures have stories set after the cosmogonic myth, which describe the origin of natural phenomena and h ... Read »


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    • Paganism

    • Paganism is a term that first arose among the Christian community of southern Europe during late antiquity as a descriptor of religions other than their own, or the related Abrahamic religions; e.g., Judaism and Islam. There has been much scholarly debate as to the origin of the term paganism, especially since no one ... Read »


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    • Patternism

    • Patternism is a method of comparing the teachings of the religions of the Ancient Near East whereby the similarities between these religions are assumed to constitute an overarching pattern. Opponents of this approach have employed the term patternism as a pejorative. While supporters are unified in their belief that t ... Read »


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    • Profanum

    • Profanum is the Latin word for "profane". The distinction between the sacred and the profane was considered by Émile Durkheim to be central to the social reality of human religion. The profane world consists of all that we can know through our senses; it is the natural world of everyday life that we experience ... Read »


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    • Proto-Indo-European religion

    • The religion of the Proto-Indo-Europeans is not directly attested, but reconstruction has been attempted based on the existence of similarities among the deities, religious practices and mythologies of the Indo-European peoples. The hypothesized reconstructions below are based on linguistic evidence using the comparati ... Read »


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    • Proto-Indo-Iranian religion

    • Proto-Indo-Iranian religion means the religion of the Indo-Iranian peoples prior to the earliest Hindu and Zoroastrian scriptures. These share a common inheritance of concepts including the universal force *rta (Sanskrit rta, Avestan asha), the sacred plant and drink *sauma (Sanskrit Soma, Avestan Haoma) and gods of so ... Read »


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    • Religion in ancient Tamil country

    • The Sangam period in Tamilakam (c. 200 BCE to 200 CE) was characterized by the coexistence of many religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism alongside the ethnic religions of the Tamil people. The monarchs of the time practiced religious tolerance and openly encouraged religious discussions and invited teachers of ever ... Read »


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    • Ritual

    • A ritual "is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, and objects, performed in a sequestered place, and performed according to set sequence." Rituals may be prescribed by the traditions of a community, including a religious community. Rituals are characterized but not defined by formalism, traditionalism, i ... Read »


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    • The Ritual of Embalming Papyrus

    • The Ritual of Embalming Papyrus or Papyrus of the Embalming Ritual is one of only two extant papyri which detail anything at all about the practices of mummification used within the burial practices of Ancient Egyptian culture. One version of the papyri is contained within the Egyptian museum Cairo (Pap. Boulaq No.3) ... Read »


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    • Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture

    • Routledge Studies in Medieval Religion and Culture is a book series published by Routledge relating to the religion and culture of medieval Europe. The series editors are George Ferzoco and Carolyn Muessig. ... Read »


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    • Sacred architecture

    • Sacred architecture (also known as religious architecture) is a religious architectural practice concerned with the design and construction of places of worship and/or sacred or intentional space, such as churches, mosques, stupas, synagogues, and temples. Many cultures devoted considerable resources to their sacred ar ... Read »


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    • Sacred–profane dichotomy


    • Relationship between religion and science

    • The relationship between religion and science has been a subject of study since classical antiquity, addressed by philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others. Perspectives from different geographical regions, cultures and historical epochs are diverse, with some characterizing the relationship as one of conflict, ... Read »


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    • Studies in the History of Medieval Religion

    • Studies in the History of Medieval Religion is a history book series published by Boydell & Brewer on the history of medieval religion. The series editor is Frances Andrews of St Andrews University. As of November 2016 there were 44 volumes in print in the series. ... Read »


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    • Tamil mythology

    • Tamil mythology means the stories and sacred narratives belonging to the Tamil people. This body of mythology is a mix of elements from the Tamil culture, Dravidian culture and Indus Valley cultures along with the Hindu religious aspects. The Tamil literature in parallel with the Sanskrit literature formed a major ... Read »


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    • History of Taoism

    • The history of Taoism stretches throughout Chinese history. Originating in prehistoric China, it has exerted a powerful influence over Chinese culture throughout the ages. Taoism evolved in response to changing times, with its doctrine and associated practices being revised and refined. The acceptance of Taoism by the ... Read »


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    • History of theology

    • This is an overview of the history of theology in Greek thought and its relationship with Abrahamic religions. Various forms of systematic and philosophical reflection on Ancient Greek religion and Greek mythology arose in the classical period—from Hesiod's attempts to organize the diverse materials of mythol ... Read »


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    • Trajecta

    • Trajecta: Religion, Culture and Society in the Low Countries is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal for the history of religion in the Low Countries (Belgium and the Netherlands). Trajecta was founded in 1992, initially as a quarterly journal, as the successor to Archief voor de geschiedenis van de katholieke ke ... Read »


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    • Unity of opposites

    • The unity of opposites is the central category of dialectics, said to be related to the notion of non-duality in a deep sense. It is viewed sometimes as either a metaphysical concept, a philosophical concept or a scientific concept. It defines a situation in which the existence or identity of a thing (or situation) dep ... Read »


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    • Urreligion

    • Urreligion ( being a Germanic prefix for original, primitive, elder, primeval, or proto-) is a notion of an "original" or "youngest" form of religious tradition. The term contrasts with organized religion, such as the theocracies of the early urban cultures of the Ancient Near East or current world religions. The term ... Read »


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    • Vedism

    • The religion of the Vedic period (also known as Vedism, ancient Hinduism, Brahmanism and Vedic Brahmanism) was the religion of the Indo-Aryans of northern India. It is a historical predecessor of modern Hinduism, though significantly different from it. The Vedic liturgy is conserved in the mantra portion of the four V ... Read »


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    • History of Wicca

    • The history of Wicca documents the rise of the Neopagan religion of Wicca and related witchcraft-based Neopagan religions. Wicca originated in the early twentieth century, when it developed amongst secretive covens in England who were basing their religious beliefs and practices upon what they read of the historical Wi ... Read »


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    • The World of the Bible

    • The World of the Bible, published by Bayard Presse, is a 150-page quarterly review that offers a historical, archeological, and artistic approach to the biblical universe. It succeeded Bible and Terre Sainte (Bible and Holy Land), ISSN 0006-0712, a periodical published by the eponymous organization from 1957 to 1977 ... Read »


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    • World tree

    • The world tree is a motif present in several religions and mythologies, particularly Indo-European religions, Siberian religions, and Native American religions. The world tree is represented as a colossal tree which supports the heavens, thereby connecting the heavens, the terrestrial world, and, through its roots, the ... Read »


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    • World view

    • A comprehensive world view or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the entirety of the individual or society's knowledge and point of view. A world view can include natural philosophy; fundamental, existential, and normative postulates; or themes, values, emotions, ... Read »


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