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  • Fibers

    Fibers

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    • Animal hair products

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    • Asbestos

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    • Fiber plants

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Fiber plants


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    • Nets (devices)

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Nets (devices)


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    • Silk

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Silk


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    • Synthetic fibers

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Synthetic fibers


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    • Fiber

    • Fiber or fibre (from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide. Fibers are often used in the manufacture of other materials. The strongest engineering materials often incorporate fibers, for example carbon fiber and ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene. Synth ... Read »


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    • Animal fiber

    • Animal fibers are natural fibers that consist largely of particular proteins. Instances are silk, hair/fur (including wool) and feathers. The animal fibers used most commonly both in the manufacturing world as well as by the hand spinners are wool from domestic sheep and silk. Also very popular are alpaca fiber and moh ... Read »


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    • Fiber crop

    • Fiber crops are field crops grown for their fibres, which are traditionally used to make paper,cloth, or rope. The fibers may be chemically modified, like in viscose (used to make rayon and cellophane). In recent years materials scientists have begun exploring further use of these fibers in composite materials. Fiber ... Read »


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    • Boron fiber

    • Boron fiber (also commonly called "boron filament") is an amorphous elemental boron product which represents the major industrial use of elemental (free) boron. Boron fiber manifests a combination of high strength and high modulus. A common use of boron fibers is in the construction of high tensile strength tapes. Bor ... Read »


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    • Carding

    • Cotton Manufacturing Processes

      Carding is a mechanical process that disentangles, cleans and intermixes fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing. This is achieved by passing the fibers between differentially moving surfaces covered with card clothing. It breaks up locks and unorganised clumps of fibre and then ... Read »


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    • Cellulose fiber

    • Cellulose fibers (/ˈsɛl.jəˌloʊsˈfaɪ.bər/) are fibers made with ether or esters of cellulose, which can be obtained from the bark, wood or leaves of plants, or from a plant-based material. Besides cellulose, these fibers are compound of hemicellulose and lignin, and different percentages of these ... Read »


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    • Codilla

    • Codilla is the name given to the broken fibres which are separated from the flax during the scutching process. On this account it is sometimes termed scutching tow. Quantities of this material are used along with heckled tow in the production of tow yarns.  This article incorporates text from a publication now i ... Read »


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    • Courtaulds, Grimsby

    • The south bank of the Humber estuary in England is a relatively unpopulated area containing large scale industrial development built from the 1950s onward, including national scale petroleum and chemical plants as well as gigawatt scale gas fired power stations. Historically the south bank was undeveloped, and mostly ... Read »


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    • Desizing

    • Definision of safa saeed Sizing agents are selected on the basis of type of fabric, environmental friendliness, ease of removal, cost considerations, effluent treatment, etc. Natural sizing agents are based on natural substances and their derivatives: Desizing, irrespective of what the desizing agent is, involve ... Read »


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    • Eisaku Noro Company

    • Eisaku Noro Company, Ltd.

      Eisaku Noro Company, Ltd. is a yarn manufacturer located in the Aichi Prefecture of Japan. It produces yarns for handcrafting under the Noro brand name, as well as machine yarns for textile production using the Eisaku Noro label. The company was founded over forty years ago by Eisaku Noro. The handcrafting yarns in pa ... Read »


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    • Eisengarn

    • Eisengarn, meaning "iron yarn" in English, is a light-reflecting, strong, waxed-cotton thread. It was invented and manufactured in Germany in the mid-19th century, but is now most well known for its use in cloth woven for the tubular-steel chairs designed by Marcel Breuer while he was a teacher at the Bauhaus design sc ... Read »


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    • Fiber modification

    • Fibre modification is a research field in which researchers aim at developing and applying technologies to impart new properties to natural fibres such as those in paper, in order to increase their functionality. Research areas in this field include many different technologies, amongst which the chemical modifications ... Read »


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    • FibreTech Innovations

    • FibreTech Innovations Ltd. (also FT Innovations or FTI) is a Canadian private corporation which researches, develops, and manufactures products composed of natural fibres. As of August 2009, its primary product is the Corkup, an environmentally friendly travel mug insulated with cork material which it sells across Cana ... Read »


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    • Fibril

    • Fibrils (from the Latin fibra) are structural biological materials found in nearly all living organisms. Not to be confused with Fibers or Filaments, fibrils tend to have diameters ranging from 10-100 nm (whereas fibers are micro to milli-scale structures and filaments are having diameters approximately 10-50 nanome ... Read »


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    • Fibrillogenesis

    • Fibrillogenesis is the development of fine fibrils normally present in collagen fibers of connective tissue. It is derived from the Greek fibrillo (meaning fibrils, or pertaining to fibrils) and genesis (to create, the process by which something is created). The assembly of collagen fibrils, fibrillogenesis appears to ... Read »


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    • Forbon

    • Forbon is a vulcanized fiber that was created in the early 1900s by the NVF company. It was used on the original pickups that Leo Fender (founder of Fender Guitars) created for the , Telecaster, and the Precision Bass. It is still used on reissue guitar and bass models from that era. Lollar Pickups and The Seymour Dunc ... Read »


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    • Leatheroid

    • Leatheroid is cellulose material very similar to vulcanized fibre in physical properties and uses. It is prepared using unsized cotton rag paper (as is vulcanized fibre) and mineral acid. Leatheroid was made Leatheroid Manufacturing Company and its successors the Mousam Manufacturing Company, the National Fibreboa ... Read »


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    • Lenzing, Grimsby

    • The south bank of the Humber estuary in England is a relatively unpopulated area containing large scale industrial development built from the 1950s onward, including national scale petroleum and chemical plants as well as gigawatt scale gas fired power stations. Historically the south bank was undeveloped, and mostly ... Read »


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    • Lint (material)

    • Lint (material)

      Lint is the common name for visible accumulations of textile fibers and other materials, usually found on and around clothing. Certain materials used in the manufacture of clothing, such as cotton, linen, and wool, contain numerous, very short fibers bundled together. During the course of normal wear, these fibers may ... Read »


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    • Mercerised cotton

    • Mercerisation is a treatment for cellulosic material, typically cotton threads, that strengthens them and gives them a lustrous appearance. The process is less frequently used for linen and hemp threads. The process was devised in 1844 by John Mercer of Great Harwood, Lancashire, England, who treated cotton fibres ... Read »


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    • Microfibril

    • A microfibril is a very fine fibril, or fiber-like strand, consisting of glycoproteins and cellulose. It is usually, but not always, used as a general term in describing the structure of protein fiber, e.g. hair and sperm tail. Its most frequently observed structural pattern is the 9+2 pattern in which two central prot ... Read »


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    • Nanofiber

    • Nanofibers are fibers with diameters in the nanometer range. Nanofibers can be generated from different polymers and hence have different physical properties and application potentials. Examples of natural polymers include collagen, cellulose, silk fibroin, keratin, gelatin and polysaccharides such as chitosan and algi ... Read »


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    • Natural fiber

    • Fiber or fibres (see spelling differences) are a class of hair-like materials that are continuous "'filaments"' or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to pieces of thread. They can be used as a component of composite materials. They can also be matted into sheets to make product such as paper or felt. Fibers are ... Read »


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    • Noil

    • Noil is the short fiber left over from combing wool or spinning silk and used as a decorative additive for many spinning projects, like rovings and yarns. Silk noil is also called "raw silk", although that is a misnomer. As noil is a relatively short fiber, fabric made from noil is weaker and considered less valuable. ... Read »


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    • Polyaniline nanofibers

    • Polyaniline nanofibers are a high aspect form of polyaniline, a polymer consisting of aniline monomers, which appears as discrete long threads with an average diameter between 30 nm and 100 nm. Polyaniline is one of the oldest known conducting polymers, being known for over 150 years. Polyaniline nanofibers are o ... Read »


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    • Rolag

    • A rolag (Scottish Gaelic: roileag) is a roll of fibre generally used to spin woollen yarn. A rolag is created by first carding the fibre, using handcards, and then by gently rolling the fibre off the cards. If properly prepared, a rolag will be uniform in width, distributing the fibres evenly. The word derives from the ... Read »


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    • Roving

    • A roving is a long and narrow bundle of fiber. Rovings are produced during the process of making spun yarn from wool fleece, raw cotton, or other fibres. Their main use is as fibre prepared for spinning, but they may also be used for specialised kinds of knitting or other textile arts. After carding, the fibres lie ro ... Read »


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    • Sea silk

    • Sea silk is an extremely fine, rare, and valuable fabric that is made from the long silky filaments or byssus secreted by a gland in the foot of pen shells (in particular Pinna nobilis). The byssus is used by the clam to attach itself to the sea bed. Sea silk was produced in the Mediterranean region from the large mar ... Read »


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    • Setralit

    • Setralit is a technical natural fiber based on plant fibers whose property profile has been modified selectively in order to meet different industrial requirements. It was first manufactured in 1989 by Jean-Léon Spehner, an Alsatian engineer, and further developed by the German company ECCO Gleittechnik GmbH. The na ... Read »


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    • Shrinkage (fabric)

    • Shrinkage is the process in which a fabric becomes smaller than its original size, usually through the process of laundry. Novice users of modern laundry machines sometimes experience accidental shrinkage of garments, especially when applying heat. Others may intentionally shrink a garment to their size. Some may purch ... Read »


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    • Sliver (textiles)

    • A sliver (rhymes with diver) is a long bundle of fiber that is generally used to spin yarn. A sliver is created by carding or combing the fibre, which is then drawn into long strips where the fibre is parallel. When sliver is drawn further and given a slight twist, it becomes roving. ... Read »


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    • Stainless steel fiber

    • Stainless steel fibers are manufactured fibers composed of stainless steel. Composition may include carbon (C), silicon (Si), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P), sulfur (S), and other elements. Currently stainless steel fibers are manufactured primarily in Europe. The most common uses for stainless steel fibers is in ... Read »


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    • Staple (textiles)

    • Staple refers to fibre of discrete length and may be of any composition. A continuous fibre such as natural silk or synthetic is known as filament rather than staple fibre. Of uncertain origin but possibly a back-formation arising because part of the business of a wool-stapler was to sort and class the wool accord ... Read »


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    • Stress fiber

    • Stress fiber

      Stress fibers are contractile actin bundles found in non-muscle cells. They are composed of actin (microfilaments) and non-muscle myosin II (NMMII), and also contain various crosslinking proteins, such as α-actinin, to form a highly regulated actomyosin structure within non-muscle cells. Stress fibers have been show ... Read »


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    • Taslanizing

    • Taslanizing or the Taslan process, is the copyrighted trade name for air textured yarns. In German the word is Luftex. The process is simply feeding a bundle of continuous filament yarns into a small jet nozzle with various amounts of slack (overfeed). High pressure air ( > 100 PSI ) creates a suction and a turbulent a ... Read »


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    • Teased wool

    • Teased wool is the stage of wool fiber in preparation for spinning, after it is teased out, prior to carding. Teased wool is loosened and spread out, has most of the dirt removed, and is no longer lumpy. ... Read »


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    • Tow

    • In the textile industry, a tow is a coarse, broken fibre, removed during processing flax, hemp, or jute. Flax tows are often used as upholstery stuffing, and tows in general are frequently cut up to produce staple fibre. The very light color of flax tow is the source of the word "towhead", meaning a person with tousled ... Read »


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    • Twine

    • Twine is a light string or strong thread composed of two or more smaller strands or yarns twisted, and then twisted together. More generally, the term can be applied to a cord. Natural fibres used for making twine include cotton, sisal, jute, hemp, henequen, and coir. A variety of synthetic fibres are also used. ... Read »


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    • Vulcanized fibre

    • Vulcanized fibre is a laminated plastic composed of only cellulose. The material is a tough, resilient, hornlike material that is lighter than aluminium, tougher than leather, and stiffer than most thermoplastics. The newer wood-laminating grade of vulcanized fibre is used to strengthen wood laminations used in skis, s ... Read »


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    • Watap

    • Watap, watape, wattap, or wadab (/wəˈtɑːp/ or /wæˈtɑːp/) is the thread and cordage used by the Native Americans and First Nations peoples of Canada to sew together sheets and panels of birchbark. The word itself comes from the Algonquian language family, but watap cordage was used and sewn by al ... Read »


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    • Wood wool

    • Wood wool, known primarily as excelsior in North America, is a product made of wood slivers cut from logs and is mainly used in packaging, for cooling pads in home evaporative cooling systems known as swamp coolers, for erosion control mats, and as a raw material for the production of other products such as bonded wood ... Read »


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    • Yarn

    • Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, and ropemaking.Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine. Modern manufactured sewing threads may be finished with wax or other lubricants to wi ... Read »


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    • Zari

    • Zari (or Jari) is an even thread traditionally made of fine gold or silver used in traditional Bengali, Indian, and Pakistani garments, especially as brocade in saris etc. This thread is woven into fabrics, primarily made of silk to create intricate patterns. It is believed this tradition started during the Mughal era ... Read »


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