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    Ethnology

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    • Ethnic groups

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    • Ethnography

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    • Ethnologists

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    • Ethnolinguistics

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    • Ethnomathematicians

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    • Ethnomusicology

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    • Ethnopoetics

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    • Indigenous peoples

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    • Ethnicity stubs

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    • Ethnology

    • Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "nation") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them (cf. cultural, social, or sociocultural anthropology). Compared to ethnography, the study of single groups t ... Read »


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    • Yoshihiko Amino

    • Yoshihiko Amino (網野 善彦, Amino Yoshihiko?, January 22, 1928 – February 27, 2004) was a Japanese Marxist historian and public intellectual, perhaps most singularly known for his novel examination of medieval Japanese history. Although little of Amino's work has been published in the West, Japanes ... Read »


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    • Austro-Tai languages

    • Japanese language(as para-Austronesian) Ainu languages(as para-Austronesian Austro-Tai is a hypothesis that the Tai–Kadai and Austronesian language families of southern China and the Pacific are genealogically related. Related proposals include Austric (Wilhelm Schmidt 1906) and Sino-Austronesian (Laurent Sagart ... Read »


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    • Band society

    • A band society is the simplest form of human society. A band generally consists of a small kin group, no larger than an extended family or clan; one definition sees a band as consisting of no more than 100 individuals. Bands have a loose organization. Their power structure is often egalitarian and has informal lea ... Read »


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    • Bride service

    • Bride service has traditionally been portrayed in the anthropological literature as the service rendered by the bridegroom to a bride's family as a bride price or part of one (see dowry). Bride service and bride wealth models frame anthropological discussions of kinship in many regions of the world. Patterns of matri ... Read »


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    • Bumiputera (Malaysia)

    • Bumiputera or Bumiputra (Jawi: بوميڤوترا) is a Malaysian term to describe the Malay race and other indigenous peoples of Southeast Asia, and used particularly in Malaysia. The term comes from the Sanskrit word bhumiputra (भूमिपुत्र), which can be t ... Read »


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    • Census of India prior to independence

    • The Census of India prior to independence was conducted periodically from 1865 onward to 1947. The censuses were primarily concerned with administration and faced numerous problems in their design and conduct ranging from absence of house numbering in hamlets to cultural objections on various grounds to dangers posed b ... Read »


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    • Chiefdom

    • A chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'. These elites form a political-ideological aristocracy relative to the general group. In an ... Read »


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    • Cow blowing

    • Cow blowing,Kuhblasen,phooka, or doom dev, is a process used in many countries according to ethnographers, in which forceful blowing of air into a cow's vagina (or sometimes anus) is applied to induce her to produce more milk. Cow blowing was the reason why Gandhi abjured cow milk, saying that "since I had come to kno ... Read »


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    • Cultural Survival

    • Cultural Survival

      Cultural Survival (founded 1972) is a nonprofit group based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, US, which is dedicated to defending the human rights of indigenous peoples. Cultural Survival was founded by anthropologist David Maybury-Lewis and his wife, Pia, in response to the opening up of the Amazonian and South Americ ... Read »


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    • Diaspora studies

    • Diaspora studies is an academic field established in the late twentieth century to study dispersed ethnic populations, which are often termed diaspora peoples. The usage of the term diaspora carries the connotation of forced resettlement, due to expulsion, coercion, slavery, racism, or war, especially nationalist confl ... Read »


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    • Dobrzyń Land


    • Ethnocide

    • Ethnocide refers to extermination of national culture as a genocide component. Reviewing the legal and academic history of usage of the terms genocide and ethnocide, Bartolomé Clavero differentiates between them in that "Genocide kills people while ethnocide kills social cultures through the killing of individual s ... Read »


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    • Ethnogenesis

    • Ethnogenesis (from Greek ethnos ἔθνος, "group of people, nation", and genesis γένεσις, "beginning, coming into being"; plural ethnogeneses) is "the formation and development of an ethnic group." This can originate through a process of self-identification as well as come about as th ... Read »


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    • Ethnogeology

    • Ethnogeology is the study of how geological features were understood by ancient peoples around the globe from a "place-based" perspective, in specific reference to traditional knowledge and to the stories and ideas about the Earth that were passed down through traditions and the wisdom of elders. The focus in past rese ... Read »


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    • Ethnography

    • Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures. It is designed to explore cultural phenomena where the researcher observes society from the point of view of the subject of the study. An ethnography is ... Read »


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    • Ethnoichthyology

    • Ethnoichthyology is an area in anthropology that examines human knowledge of fish, the uses of fish, and importance of fish in different human societies. It draws on knowledge from many different areas including ichthyology, economics, oceanography, and marine botany. This area of study seeks to understand the details ... Read »


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    • Ethnolinguistic group

    • An ethnolinguistic group (or ethno-linguistic group) is one of the types of group identity that defines membership of an ethnic group. Members are unified by a common language (and possibly script). Herodotus (484–425 BC) enumerated shared language, homoglōsson ("speaking the same language"), as one of the fou ... Read »


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    • Ethnomathematics

    • In mathematics education, ethnomathematics is the study of the relationship between mathematics and culture. Often associated with "cultures without written expression", it may also be defined as "the mathematics which is practised among identifiable cultural groups". It refers to a broad cluster of ideas ranging from ... Read »


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    • Ethnoprimatology

    • Ethnoprimatology is the study of human and non-human primate interactions. Ethnoprimatology is a discourse aimed at a anthropological holistic understanding of non-human primates. Human cultures worldwide have deep-rooted, primordial connections with non-human primates. Non-human primates play key roles in creation sto ... Read »


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    • Ethnotaxonomy

    • The term ethnotaxonomy refers either to that subdiscipline within ethnology which studies the taxonomic systems defined and used by individual ethnic groups, or to the operative individual taxonomy itself, which is the object of the ethnologist's immediate study. For example, in many West African languages, the percep ... Read »


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    • Folk instrument

    • A folk instrument is a musical instrument that developed among common people and usually does not have a known inventor. It can be made from wood, metal or other material. Such an instrument is played in performances of folk music. The instruments can be percussion instruments, or different types of flutes or trumpets ... Read »


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    • A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province

    • A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province

      A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province is an ethnological study of areas of present-day Pakistan and India. It was compiled by Indian Civil Service administrator H.A. Rose, based on the 1883 and 1892 census reports for the Punjab. It was originally published in Lahore at a p ... Read »


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    • The Indian Antiquary

    • The Indian Antiquary, A journal of oriental research in archaeology, history, literature, language, philosophy, religion, folklore, &c, &c, (subtitle varies) was a journal of original research relating to India, published between 1872 and 1933. It was founded by the archaeologist James Burgess to enable the sharing of ... Read »


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    • Insects in medicine

    • Insects have long been used in medicine, both traditional and modern, sometimes with little evidence of their effectiveness. For the purpose of the article, and in line with custom, medicinal uses of other arthropods such as spiders are included. The medicinal uses of insects were often defined by the Doctrine of ... Read »


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    • Adam FrantiÅ¡ek Kollár


    • Lacuna model

    • The lacuna model is a tool for unlocking culture differences or missing "gaps" in text (in the further meaning). The lacuna model was established as a theory by Jurij Sorokin and Irina Markovina (Russia), further developed by Astrid Ertelt-Vieth and Hartmut Schröder (Germany) and practical research tested in ethnops ... Read »


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    • List of scholars of ethnology

    • This list of scholars of ethnology contains people who contributed in some form to the discipline of ethnology, the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them. ... Read »


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    • Man the Hunter

    • "Man the Hunter" was the name given to a 1966 symposium organized by Richard Lee and Irven DeVore. The symposium resulted in a book of the same title and attempted to bring together for the first time a comprehensive look at recent ethnographic research on hunter-gatherers. The symposium was held at the Center for Con ... Read »


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    • Maskarada (carnival of Soule)

    • The maskarada [mas̺ˈkaɾada] is a popular set of traditional, theatrical performances that take place annually during the time of carnival in the Basque region of Soule, France (Zuberoa in the Basque language). It is generally referred to in the plural (maskaradak) as it is repeated across the region on the str ... Read »


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    • Moralia

    • Moralia

      The Moralia (Ancient Greek: Ἠθικά Ethika; loosely translated as "Morals" or "Matters relating to customs and mores") of the 1st-century Greek scholar Plutarch of Chaeronea is an eclectic collection of 78 essays and transcribed speeches. They provide insights into Roman and Greek life, but often a ... Read »


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    • Museum folklore

    • Museum folklore is a domain of scholarship and professional practice within the field of folklore studies (folkloristics). Some museum folklorists work full-time in museums of ethnography, ethnology, cultural history, or folk art, often as educators, curators, and directors. Others work in other settings, such as ... Read »


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    • Norwegian porridge feud

    • The Norwegian porridge feud (grautstriden) were a series of public debates that was going on in Norway between 1864–1866, concerned with the optimal way of cooking porridge. The participants were Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Eilert Sundt. The core of the debate was about whether or not it was redundant to add ... Read »


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    • Palestine Institute of Folklore and Ethnology

    • The Palestine Institute of Folklore and Ethnology was formed by Raphael Patai in Jerusalem in 1944. The Institute produced a journal series, Edoth (Hebrew: "Communities"), of which only three volumes were published (the last one in May 1948). The Institute published a series of monographs as well and was a unique enter ... Read »


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    • Pastoral (theatre of Soule)

    • The pastoral is a traditional kind of play from the Basque Country held in the region of Soule (Zuberoa in Basque), France. It features a set range of characters and acts repeated on all pieces. This kind of theatre represents a dualism between the wicked (dressed in red, called türkak or satanak, literally 'the Tur ... Read »


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    • The Race Question

    • The Race Question is the first of four UNESCO statements about issues of race. It was issued on 18 July 1950 following World War II and Nazi racism and was an attempt to clarify what was scientifically known about race, as well as a moral condemnation of racism. It was criticized on several grounds and revised versions ... Read »


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    • Semi-mobile

    • Semimobile is an ethnological term for a practice noted among a number of Indigenous Peoples of the Upper Amazon, such as the Urarina[1]. This symbiotic form of indigenous production, exchange and consumption articulates among nomadic patterns of residence, agricultural practices and extractive pursuits animated by the ... Read »


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    • Senior juz

    • A zhuz (Kazakh: жүз jüz ٴجۇز IPA: [ʒʉz], also translated as "horde" or "hundred") is one of the three main territorial and tribal divisions in the Kypchak Plain area that covers much of the contemporary Kazakhstan, and represents the main tribal division within the ethnic group of the K ... Read »


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    • Seok (clan)

    • Seok or söök (a Turkic word meaning "bone") is an international term for a clan used in Eurasia from the Middle Asia to the Far East. Seok is usually a distinct member of the community, the name implies that its size is smaller than that of a distinct tribe. It is a term for a clan among the Turkic-speaking peopl ... Read »


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    • Sieradz Land

    • Sieradz Land (Polish: Ziemia Sieradzka) is a historical region of Poland, the southeastern part of Greater Poland. It has been also the name of the administrative unit from 14th-18th centuries (former Duchy of Sieradz) of the same borders (and a little different from the Sieradz Voivodeship, which included furthermore ... Read »


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    • Social progress

    • Social progress is the idea that societies can or do improve in terms of their social, political, and economic structures. This may happen as a result of direct human action, as in social enterprise or through activism, or as a natural part of sociocultural evolution. The concept of social progress was introduced in t ... Read »


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    • Société Ethnologique de Paris


    • Sotadic zone

    • The existence of a Sotadic Zone was an hypothesis of the British Orientalist and explorer Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890). He asserted that there exists a geographic zone in which pederasty (romantic-sexual intimacy between a boy and a man) is prevalent and celebrated among the indigenous inhabitants. The name d ... Read »


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    • Tribe

    • A tribe is viewed, developmentally or historically, as a social group existing before the development of, or outside, states. A tribe is a group of distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self-sufficient, and not integrated into the national society. It is perhaps the term most re ... Read »


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    • Unsaid

    • The term "unsaid" refers what is not explicitly stated, what is hidden and/or implied in the speech of an individual or a group of people. The unsaid may be the product of intimidation; of a mulling over of thought; or of bafflement in the face of the inexpressible. Sociolinguistics points out that in normal comm ... Read »


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    • Wieluń Land


    • William Crooke bibliography

    • This list of the works of William Crooke (1848–1923) represents much of his literary output in pursuit of his interests in ethnology and folklore, for which he was far many years considered to be a leading authority. In addition to the items listed below in respect of Folk-lore Record and its successor, Folk-lore ... Read »


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    • Viktor Zhirmunsky

    • Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky (Russian: Ви́ктор Макси́мович Жирму́нский; 2 August 1891 – 31 January 1971; also Wiktor Maximowitsch Schirmunski, Zirmunskij, Schirmunski, Zhirmunskii; Russian: Ви́ктор Ма ... Read »


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