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    Education issues

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    • Academic pressure in Asian cultures

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    • Affirmative action

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    • Compulsory education

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    • Ethically disputed educational practices

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    • Films about school violence

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Films about school violence


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    • Hazing

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Hazing


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    • Race and education

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Race and education


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    • Education reform

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Education reform


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    • Education scandals and controversies

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    • School and classroom behaviour

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    • Achievement gap in the United States

    • The term achievement gap is used to refer to the observed, persistent disparity of educational measures between the performance of groups of students, especially groups defined by socioeconomic status (SES), race/ethnicity and gender. The achievement gap can be observed on a variety of measures, including standardized ... Read »


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    • Acting white

    • In the United States, acting white is a pejorative term, usually applied to African Americans, which refers to a person's perceived betrayal of their culture by assuming the social expectations of white society.Success in education in particular (depending on one's cultural background) can be seen as a form of "selling ... Read »


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    • Affirmative action

    • Affirmative action (known as reservation in India and Nepal and positive discrimination in the UK; also known in a narrower context as employment equity in Canada and South Africa) is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who suffer or have suffered from discrimination within a culture. Often, these p ... Read »


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    • Bias in education

    • Bias in education refers to real or perceived bias in the educational system. The content of school textbooks is often the issue of debate, as their target audience is young people, and the term "whitewashing" is the one commonly used to refer to selective removal of critical or damaging evidence or comment. The r ... Read »


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    • Blindness and education

    • The subject of blindness and education has included evolving approaches and public perceptions of how best to address the special needs of blind students. The practice of institutionalizing the blind in asylums has a history extending back over a thousand years, but it was not until the 18th century that authorities cr ... Read »


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    • Block scheduling

    • Block scheduling is a type of academic scheduling in which each student has fewer classes per day. It is more common in middle and high schools than in primary schools. Each class is scheduled for a longer period of time than normal (e.g. 90 minutes instead of 50). In one form of block scheduling, a single class will m ... Read »


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    • Bullying in teaching

    • School teachers are commonly the subject of bullying but they are also sometimes the originators of bullying within a school environment. When an adult bullies a child, it is referred to as psychological, emotional or verbal abuse. According to the American Psychological Association, it is as harmful as sexual or physi ... Read »


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    • The Chosen: The Hidden History of Admission and Exclusion at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton

    • The Chosen: The Hidden History of Admission and Exclusion at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton is a 2005 book by Jerome Karabel. ... Read »


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    • Citywide Educational Coalition

    • The Citywide Educational Coalition (CWEC), is a tax-exempt, non-profit educational reform organization whose goal is to provide reliable and objective information on the Boston Public Schools to parents and citizens, enabling citizens to participate in policy making directly and through their school committee and incre ... Read »


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    • Class size

    • Class size refers to the number of students a teacher faces during a given period of instruction. Dozens of studies on Class-size reduction demonstrate its positive impact on student performance, though a smaller number of studies attempt to cast doubt on the connection between class size and student learning. Som ... Read »


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    • Compensatory education

    • Compensatory education offers supplementary programs or services designed to help children at risk of cognitive impairment and low educational achievement succeed. Poor children do worse in school than their well-off peers. They are more likely to experience learning disabilities and developmental delays. Poor chi ... Read »


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    • Contract cheating

    • Contract cheating is a form of academic dishonesty in which students get others to complete their coursework for them by putting it out to tender. The term was coined in a 2006 study by Thomas Lancaster and Robert Clarke at the University of Central England in Birmingham (now known as Birmingham City University). ... Read »


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    • Desegregation busing

    • Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as forced busing or simply busing) is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools in such a manner as to redress prior racial segregation of schools, or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics. In 1954, the ... Read »


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    • Designated Suppliers Program

    • The Designated Suppliers Program (DSP) is a procurement standard proposed by the Worker Rights Consortium and United Students Against Sweatshops. The program was designed to promote the use by US universities of suppliers that make use of a defined set of fair labor practices. It was established in response to the wide ... Read »


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    • Dumbing down

    • Dumbing down is the deliberate oversimplification of intellectual content within education, literature, cinema, news, video games and culture in order to relate to those unable to assimilate more sophisticated information. The term "dumbing down" originated in 1933 as movie-business slang, used by motion picture scree ... Read »


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    • Educate Now

    • Educate Now is a non-profit education reform organization founded in 2008 and based in New Orleans, Louisiana. Its founder is education reform advocate and former State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (BESE) member Leslie Jacobs. Ms. Jacobs was a key architect of Louisiana’s Recovery School District an ... Read »


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    • Education reform

    • Education reform is the name given to the goal of changing public education. Historically, reforms have taken different forms because the motivations of reformers have differed. However, since the 1980s, education reform has been focused on changing the existing system from one focused on inputs to one focused on outpu ... Read »


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    • Educational inequality

    • Educational Inequality is the unequal distribution of academic resources, including but not limited to; school funding, qualified and experienced Teachers, books, and technologies to socially excluded communities. These communities tend to be historically disadvantaged and oppressed. More times than not, individuals be ... Read »


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    • Egalitarian dialogue

    • Egalitarian dialogue is a dialogue in which contributions are considered according to the validity of their reasoning, instead of according to the status or position of power of those who make them. Although previously used widely in the social sciences and in reference to the Bakhtinian philosophy of dialogue, it was ... Read »


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    • Fagging

    • Fagging was a traditional practice in British boarding private schools (nearly all "public schools" in the English sense) and also many other boarding schools, whereby younger pupils were required to act as personal servants to the most senior boys. While domestic servants were common in family households, the custom r ... Read »


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    • Female education

    • Female education is a catch-all term for a complex set of issues and debates surrounding education (primary education, secondary education, tertiary education, and health education in particular) for girls and women. It includes areas of gender equality and access to education, and its connection to the alleviation of ... Read »


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    • List of countries by women's average years in school


    • Free education

    • Free education refers to education that is funded through taxation or charitable organizations rather than tuition funding. Primary school and other comprehensive or compulsory education is free in many countries, for example, and all education is mostly free (often not including books (from primary) and a number of ad ... Read »


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    • FushÅ«gaku


    • James Garbarino

    • James Garbarino is an author and professor at Loyola University Chicago. He has specialized in studying what causes violence in children, how they cope with it and how to rehabilitate them. Garbarino has served as consultant or adviser to a wide range of organizations, including the National Committee to Prevent Child ... Read »


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    • Credentialism and educational inflation

    • Credentialism and educational inflation are any of a number of related processes involving increased demands for formal educational qualifications, and the devaluation of these qualifications. In Western society, there have been increasing requirements for formal qualifications or certification for jobs, a process call ... Read »


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    • Grade inflation

    • Grade inflation is the tendency to award progressively higher academic grades for work that would have received lower grades in the past. Higher grades in themselves do not prove grade inflation and many believe there is no such problem. It is also necessary to demonstrate that the grades are not deserved. Grade infla ... Read »


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    • Grade retention

    • Grade retention or grade repetition is the process of having a student repeat a grade, because last year, the student experienced developmental delays which made the student fail the grade. Students who repeat a grade are referred as "repeaters". Repeaters can be referred to as having been "held back". Students do not ... Read »


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    • Hazing

    • Hazing (referred to as ragging in South Asia) is the practice of rituals, challenges, and other activities involving harassment, abuse or humiliation used as a way of initiating a person into a group including a new fraternity, sorority, team, or club. Hazing is seen in many different types of social groups, including ... Read »


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    • List of hazing deaths in the United States

    • This is a list of hazing deaths in the United States. This is not an exhaustive list. An exact list is not available because there is no central system for tracking hazing deaths, and the role of hazing in some deaths is subject to disagreement. Inclusion in this list requires that the incident was described by the med ... Read »


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    • Hazing in Greek letter organizations

    • Hazing in Greek letter organizations is defined as any act or set of acts that constitutes hazing and occurs in connection to a fraternity or sorority. Hazing is often cited as one of the most harmful aspects of fraternities and sororities and poses a major threat to their existence, drawing great criticism from educa ... Read »


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    • Jewish quota

    • Jewish quota was a type of racial quota stipulating a certain set percentage that limited the number of Jews in various establishments. In particular, in 19th and 20th centuries some countries had Jewish quotas for higher education, a special case of Numerus clausus. Jewish educational quotas could be statewide law or ... Read »


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    • Lack of physical education

    • Lack of physical education is the inadequacy of the provision and effectiveness of exercise and physical activity within modern education. When physical education fails to meet its goals of providing students with the knowledge base, life habits, and mindset necessary to be physically active throughout their lifetime, ... Read »


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    • Laura Spence Affair

    • The Laura Spence Affair was a British political controversy in 2000, ignited after the failure of high-flying state school pupil Laura Spence to secure a place at the University of Oxford. Laura Spence was a pupil at Monkseaton Community High School, a state school in Whitley Bay, North Tyneside. In 1999, she appl ... Read »


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    • Legacy preferences

    • Legacy preference or legacy admission is a preference given by an institution or organization to certain applicants on the basis of their familial relationship to alumni of that institution, with college admissions being the field in which legacy preferences are most controversially used. (Students so admitted are refe ... Read »


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    • LIFO (education)

    • Last in First Out (LIFO) (or otherwise known as "Last One Hired is the First One Fired" is a policy often used by school districts and other employers to prioritize layoffs by seniority. Under LIFO layoff rules, junior teachers and other employees lose their jobs before senior ones. Laying off junior employees first is ... Read »


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    • Mandatory Swedish

    • In Finland, Swedish is a mandatory school subject for Finnish-speaking pupils in the last three years of the primary education (grades 6 to 9). This so-called other domestic language is also mandatory in high schools, vocational schools, and vocational universities. Furthermore, all university graduates must demonstrat ... Read »


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    • Marketing in schools

    • Marketing in schools is a widespread phenomenon in which schools sign contracts allowing certain businesses to conduct marketing activities in school facilities — primarily advertising. For example, a school might allow only one brand of soft drink to be sold in vending machines on the campus; in return, the soft ... Read »


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    • Math–verbal achievement gap


    • Merit pay

    • Merit pay is a term that describes performance-related pay, most frequently in the context of educational reform or government civil service reform (government jobs). It provides bonuses for workers who perform their jobs effectively, according to easily measurable criteria. In the United States, policy makers are divi ... Read »


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    • Midday Meal Scheme

    • Midday Meal Scheme

      The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide. The programme supplies free lunches on working days for children in primary and upper primary classes in government, government aided, local body, Education Guarante ... Read »


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    • Draft:Migrant students educational difficulties


    • Multi-age classroom

    • Multi-age classrooms or composite classes are classrooms with students from more than one grade level. They are created because of a pedagogical choice of a school or school district. They are different from split classes which are formed when there are too many students for one class - but not enough to form two class ... Read »


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    • Multicultural education

    • Multicultural education is a set of strategies and materials in education that were developed to assist teachers when responding to the many issues created by the rapidly changing demographics of their students. It provides students with knowledge about the histories, cultures, and contributions of diverse groups; it a ... Read »


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    • Multilingual Education

    • Multilingual Education typically refers to "first-language-first" education, that is, schooling which begins in the mother tongue and transitions to additional languages. Typically MLE programs are situated in developing countries where speakers of minority languages, i.e. non-dominant languages, tend to be disadvantag ... Read »


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    • Numerus clausus

    • Numerus clausus ("closed number" in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university. In many cases, the goal of the numerus clausus is simply to limit the number of students to the maximum feasible in some particularly sought-after areas of studies. However, in some case ... Read »


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    • Opportunity trap

    • The opportunity trap is the social congestion in the competition for jobs when the number of applicants outstrips the demand for a particular group of workers – in particular, graduate school degree-holding applicants. It is distinct from the opportunity gap which refers to a lack of equal opportunity. An example ... Read »


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    • Oppositional culture

    • Oppositional culture, also known as the ‘’blocked opportunities framework’’ or the “caste theory of education”, is a term most commonly used in studying the sociology of education to explain racial disparities in educational achievement, particularly between white and black Americans. Howe ... Read »


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    • Oracy

    • The term oracy was coined by Andrew Wilkinson, a British researcher and educator, in the 1960s. This word is formed by analogy from literacy and numeracy. The purpose is to draw attention to the neglect of oral skills in education. ... Read »


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    • Pay-for-Performance (Federal Government)

    • Pay-for-Performance (Federal Government) is a method of employee motivation meant to improve performance in the federal government by offering incentives such as salary increases, bonuses, and benefits. It is a similar concept to Merit Pay for public teachers and it follows basic models from Performance-related Pay in ... Read »


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    • Plagiarism

    • Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work. The idea remains problematic with unclear definitions and unclear rules. The modern concept of plagiarism as immoral and or ... Read »


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    • The Price of Admission

    • The Price of Admission: How America's Ruling Class Buys Its Way into Elite Colleges - and Who Gets Left Outside the Gates is a 2005 book by Daniel Golden, a recipient of the Pulitzer Prize in journalism. The book criticizes admissions at elite American universities, including preferences given to the wealthy, children ... Read »


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    • Racial achievement gap in the United States

    • The racial achievement gap in the United States refers to the educational disparities between various ethnic groups. It manifests itself in a variety of ways: among students, blacks, Hispanics and Koreans are more likely to receive lower grades, score lower on standardized tests, drop out of high school, and they are l ... Read »


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    • Ragging

    • Ragging is a practice similar to hazing in educational institutions. The word is mainly used in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Ragging involves existing students baiting or bullying new students. It often takes a malignant form wherein the newcomers may be subjected to psychological or physical torture. In ... Read »


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    • School health and nutrition services

    • School health and nutrition services are services provided through the school system to improve the health and well-being of children and in some cases whole families and the broader community. These services have been developed in different ways around the globe but the fundamentals are constant: the early detection, ... Read »


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    • School refusal

    • School refusal is the refusal to attend school due to emotional distress. School refusal differs from truancy in that children with school refusal feel anxiety or fear towards school, whereas truant children generally have no feelings of fear towards school, often feeling angry or bored with it instead. Children's Hosp ... Read »


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    • School shooting

    • A school shooting is a form of mass shooting involving a gun attack on an educational institution, such as a school or university. The U.S. Secret Service defines them as shootings where schools are "deliberately selected as the location for the attack". These shootings have sparked a political debate over gun violence ... Read »


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    • School uniform

    • School uniforms

      A school uniform is a uniform worn by students primarily for a school or otherwise educational institution. They are common in primary and secondary schools in various countries. Although often used interchangeably, there is an important distinction between dress codes and school uniforms: according to scholars such as ... Read »


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    • School uniforms by country

    • School uniform or school uniforms is a practice which dates to the 16th century in the United Kingdom. It is believed that the Christ Hospital School in London in 1552 was the first school to use a school uniform. The earliest documented proof of institutionalised use of a standard academic dress dates back to 1222 whe ... Read »


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    • School violence

    • School violence is widely held to have become a serious problem in recent decades in many countries, especially where weapons such as guns or knives are involved. It includes violence between school students as well as physical attacks by students on school staff. A distinction is made between internalizing and ex ... Read »


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    • School voucher

    • A school voucher, also called an education voucher, in a voucher system, is a certificate of government funding for a student at a school chosen by the student or the student's parents. The funding is usually for a particular year, term or semester. In some countries, states or local jurisdictions, the voucher can be u ... Read »


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    • Senioritis

    • Senioritis is a colloquial term mainly used in the United States and Canada to describe the decreased motivation toward studies displayed by students who are nearing the end of their high school, college, and graduate school careers. It combines the word senior with the suffix -itis, which technically denotes inflammat ... Read »


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    • Sexual harassment in education

    • Sexual harassment in education is an unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature that interferes with a student’s ability to learn, study, work or participate in school activities. Sexual harassment involves a range of behavior from mild annoyances to sexual assault and rape. In the United States, sexual harassment ... Read »


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    • Small schools movement

    • The small schools movement, also known as the Small Schools Initiative, in the United States of America holds that many high schools are too large and should be reorganized into smaller, autonomous schools of no more than 400 students, and optimally under 200. Many private schools of under 200 share design features whi ... Read »


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    • Social promotion

    • Social promotion is the practice of promoting a student (usually a general education student, rather than a special education student) to the next grade after the current school year, regardless of when or whether they didn't learn the necessary materials or they are often absent, in order to keep them with their peers ... Read »


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    • STEM pipeline

    • The STEM pipeline is a term used to describe the educational pathway for students in the STEM fields, (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). The start and end of this STEM pipeline are disputed, but it is often considered to begin in early education and extend into graduation or an adult career in STEM. ... Read »


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    • The Student as Nigger

    • The Student as Nigger is the title of an essay and subsequent book by American educator Jerry Farber. The essay first appeared in the Los Angeles Free Press in 1967 and is often cited as one of the first underground publications to receive widespread recognition. It was reprinted over 500 times in the 1960s and was pub ... Read »


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    • Student–teacher ratio


    • Superficiality

    • What social psychologists call "the principle of superficiality versus depth" has pervaded Western culture since at least the time of Plato. Socrates sought to convince his debaters to turn from the superficiality of a worldview based on the acceptance of convention to the examined life of philosophy, founded (as ... Read »


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    • Textbooks in Israel

    • Textbooks in Israel are published in Israel by the Ministry of Education of Israel and other educational institutions. Israel's Compulsory Education Law provides free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 5 to 18, from the last year of kindergarten up to 12th grade. An analysis of Israeli ... Read »


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    • Tiger mother

    • Tiger mother (traditional Chinese: 虎媽; simplified Chinese: 虎妈; pinyin: hǔmā; Wade–Giles: hu³ma¹) is a term which refers to a strict or demanding mother who pushes her children to be successful academically by attaining high levels of scholastic and academic achievement, using method ... Read »


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    • Working class education

    • Working class education is the education of working-class people. Prior to the 19th century, education for most members of society was elementary and only an elite received advanced education. This was intended to provide members of each social class with an education befitting their expected future status—to ... Read »


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    • XF (grade)

    • XF is a letter grade used at some U.S. colleges, to denote either students who withdraw from a course after the refund period has lapsed or who are caught performing acts of academic dishonesty. This was intended to make it evident from the transcript why the failing grade was assigned, though critics have pointed to ... Read »


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    • Year-round school in the United States

    • Year-round schooling (YRS) has been present from the 1900s. YRS first appeared in urban areas, because they were not tied to the agriculture cycle. The first towns that implemented YRS were Chicago, Boston, Washington D.C., Cleveland, Buffalo, and Detroit. These towns had schools sessions for 48 or more weeks at a time ... Read »


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    • Youth activism

    • Youth activism is youth engagement in community organizing for social change. Youth participation in social change focuses more on issue-oriented activism than traditional partisan or electoral politics. Youth have taken lead roles in public protests and advocacy around anti-war activism, anti-crime and government corr ... Read »


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    • Zero tolerance (schools)

    • A zero-tolerance policy in schools is a strict enforcement of regulations and bans against undesirable behaviors or possession of items. Public criticism against such policies have arisen due to their enforcement and the resulting (sometimes devastating) consequences when the behavior or possession was done in ignoranc ... Read »


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