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  • Disability

    Disability

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    • Disability by country

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    • Disability-related lists

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    • Disability by type

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    • Accessibility

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    • Acquired disorders


    • Action T4

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    • Assistance animals

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    • Augmentative and alternative communication

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    • Congenital disorders

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    • Disability culture

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    • Developmental disabilities

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    • Disability and sexuality

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    • Mobility devices

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    • Disability observances

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    • Disability organizations

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    • Paratransit services

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    • People involved with disability

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    • People with disabilities

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    • Disability rights

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    • Disability robots

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    • Special education

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    • Disabled sports

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    • Disability studies

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    • Vocational rehabilitation

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    • Disability stubs

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    • Disability

    • Disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these, and that substantially affects a person's life activities. A disability may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impa ... Read »


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    • Accessible toilet

    • An accessible toilet is a special toilet designed to accommodate people with physical disabilities. Public toilets and restrooms can present accessibility challenges for people with disabilities, for example those in wheelchairs. Stalls may not be able to fit a wheelchair, and transferring between the wheelchair and t ... Read »


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    • Acoustic wayfinding

    • Acoustic wayfinding is the practice of using the auditory system to orient oneself and navigate physical space. It is commonly used by the visually impaired, allowing them to retain their mobility without relying on visual cues from their environment. Acoustic wayfinding involves using a variety of auditory cues t ... Read »


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    • Inclusive recreation

    • Antillanité is a literary and political movement developed in the 1960s that stresses the creation of a specific West Indian identity out of a multiplicity of ethnic and cultural elements. From the early 1960s, a new way of envisaging French West Indian identity began to be articulated by a number of Martinican ... Read »


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    • Alberta Eugenics Board

    • In 1928, the Alberta government (Alberta, Canada) passed eugenics legislation that enabled the involuntary sterilization of individuals classified as mentally deficient (now known as persons with a developmental disability or mental disorder). To implement the Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta, a four-member Alberta ... Read »


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    • Assisted living

    • An assisted living residence or assisted living facility (ALF) is a housing facility for people with disabilities or for adults who cannot or chose not to live independently. The term is popular in the United States but is similar to a retirement home in the sense that facilities provide a group living environment and ... Read »


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    • Assistive technology

    • Assistive technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities and also includes the process used in selecting, locating, and using them. Assistive technology promotes greater independence by enabling people to perform tasks that they were formerly un ... Read »


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    • Attraction to disability

    • Attraction to disability or devotism is a sexualised interest in the appearance, sensation and experience of disability. It may extend from normal human sexuality into a type of sexual fetishism. Sexologically, the pathological end of the attraction tends to be classified as a paraphilia. (Note, however, that the very ... Read »


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    • Auditory integration training

    • Auditory integration training (AIT), is a procedure pioneered in France by Guy Bérard, who promoted it as a cure for clinical depression and suicidal tendencies, along with what he said were very positive results for dyslexia and autism, although there has been very little empirical evidence regarding this assertion ... Read »


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    • Auditory-verbal therapy

    • Auditory-verbal therapy is a method for teaching deaf children to and speak using their residual hearing in addition to the constant use of amplification devices such as hearing aids, FM devices, and cochlear implants. Auditory-verbal therapy emphasizes speech and listening. Auditory verbal therapy enables deaf and h ... Read »


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    • Back strain

    • Back strain (Pulled back muscle) is the injury occurring to muscles or tendons. Due to back strain, the tendons and muscles supporting the spine are twisted or pulled. Chronic back strain occurs because of the sustained trauma and wearing out of the back muscles. Acute back strain can occur following a single instance ... Read »


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    • Bedridden

    • Being bedridden is a form of involuntary bed rest. Medical risks are associated with long term lying down, see lying (position)#Long-term risks. One Indian study of care given to bedridden individuals at home found that family members made up 82% of caregivers. A high rate of complications was reported, including pres ... Read »


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    • Borderline intellectual functioning

    • Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental disability, is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70). It is sometimes called below average IQ (BAIQ). ... Read »


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    • Box and Blocks Test

    • The Box and Blocks Test (BBT) is a functional test used in upper limb rehabilitation. The test is used to measure the gross manual dexterity of a patient, or of a person using an upper limb prosthetic device. The test consists of a box with a partition in the middle. Blocks are placed at one side of the partition. The ... Read »


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    • Orthotics

    • Orthotics

      Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses. An orthosis (plural: orthoses) is "an externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuro ... Read »


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    • Braille literacy

    • A sighted child who is reading at a basic level should be able to understand common words and answer simple questions about the information presented. They should also have enough fluency to get through the material in a timely manner. Over the course of a child's education, these foundations are built on to teach high ... Read »


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    • Case management (mental health)

    • Case management is the coordination of community-based services by a professional or team to provide individually-customized mental health care for people experiencing frequent setbacks or persistent challenges to their recovery. Case management seeks to reduce hospitalizations and support individuals' recovery through ... Read »


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    • Catastrophic injury

    • A catastrophic injury is a severe injury to the spine, spinal cord, or brain, and may also include skull or spinal fractures. This is a subset of the definition for the legal term catastrophic injury, which is based on the definition used by the American Medical Association. The National Center for Catastrophic Sport ... Read »


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    • CEN/CENELEC Guide 6


    • Challenging behaviour

    • Challenging behaviour (alternatively spelled challenging behavior), also known as behaviours which challenge, is defined as "culturally abnormal behaviour(s) of such intensity, frequency or duration that the physical safety of the person or others is placed in serious jeopardy, or behaviour which is likely to seriously ... Read »


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    • Circle of Friends (disabled care)

    • The Circle of Friends approach is a method designed to increase the socialization and inclusion of a disabled person with their peers. A Circle of Friends consists of a "focus" child, for whom the group was established, six to eight classroom peers, and an adult facilitator who meet once weekly to socialize and work on ... Read »


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    • Community-based rehabilitation

    • The aim of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) is to help people with disabilities, by establishing community-based programs for social integration, equalization of opportunities, and Physical therapy rehabilitation programs for the disabled. The strength of CBR programs is that they can be made available in rural are ... Read »


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    • DAISY Digital Talking Book

    • DAISY (Digital Accessible Information SYstem) is a technical standard for digital audiobooks, periodicals and computerized text. DAISY is designed to be a complete audio substitute for print material and is specifically designed for use by people with "print disabilities", including blindness, impaired vision, and dysl ... Read »


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    • Design for All (in ICT)

    • Design for All in the context of information and communications technology (ICT) is the conscious and systematic effort to proactively apply principles, methods and tools to promote universal design in computer-related technologies, including Internet-based technologies, thus avoiding the need for a posteriori adaptati ... Read »


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    • Developmental disability

    • Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments. Developmental disabilities cause individuals living with them many difficulties in certain areas of life, especially in "language, mobility, learning, self-help, and independent living". Developmental disab ... Read »


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    • Direct support professional

    • Direct support professionals (DSPs) are people who work directly with people with physical disabilities and/or intellectual disabilities with the aim of assisting the individual to become integrated into his/her community or the least restrictive environment. A direct support professional is a person who assists an in ... Read »


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    • Disability abuse

    • Disability abuse is when a person with a disability is abused physically, financially, sexually or psychologically due to the person having a disability. Since many disabilities are not visible (for example, asthma, Asperger's Syndrome, or learning disabilities) some abusers cannot rationalise the non-physical disabili ... Read »


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    • Disability and poverty

    • The world’s poor are significantly more likely to have or incur a disability within their lifetime compared to more financially privileged populations. The rate of disability within impoverished nations is notably higher than that found in more developed countries. Though no one explanation entirely accounts for t ... Read »


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    • Disability and religion

    • Topics on religion and disability may concentrate on the manner in which disabled people are treated within religious communities, the religious texts of those religions, or the general input from religious discourse on matters relating to the disabled. Dissertations on the relationship between religion and the disable ... Read »


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    • Disability benefits

    • Disability benefits are funds provided from public or private sources to a person who is ill or who has a disability. In the United Kingdom disability benefits are covered by insurance, and include: In the United States, disability benefits for most Americans are covered and paid by the Social Security Administration ... Read »


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    • Disability discount

    • Discounts and allowances are reductions to a basic price of goods or services. They can occur anywhere in the distribution channel, modifying either the manufacturer's list price (determined by the manufacturer and often printed on the package), the retail price (set by the retailer and often attached to the product w ... Read »


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    • Disability etiquette

    • Disability etiquette is a set of guidelines dealing specifically with how to approach people with disabilities. There is no consensus on when this phrase first came into use, although it most likely grew out of the Disability Rights Movement that began in the early 1970s. The concept may have started as a cynical play ... Read »


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    • Disability History Association

    • The Disability History Association (DHA) is an international non-profit organization that promotes the study of disabilities. This includes, but is not limited to, the history of individuals or groups with disabilities, perspectives on disability, representations/ constructions of disability, policy and practice histor ... Read »


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    • Disability in ancient Rome

    • Disability in ancient Rome was recorded in personal, medical, and legal period writing. Some people with disabilities were sought to be slaves, while others with a disability that modern medicine recognizes today were not considered disabled. Other disabilities were deemed more acceptable than others. The acknowledgeme ... Read »


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    • Disability in the Middle Ages

    • Disability is poorly documented in the Middle Ages, though disabled people constituted a large part of Medieval society as part of the peasantry, clergy, and nobility. Very little was written or recorded about a general disabled community at the time, but their existence has been preserved through religious texts and s ... Read »


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    • Disability pretender

    • A disability pretender is subculture term meaning a person who behaves as if he or she were disabled. It may be classified as a type of factitious disorder or as a medical fetishism. One theory is that pretenders may be the "missing link" between devotees and wannabes, demonstrating an assumed continuum between those ... Read »


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    • Disability-adjusted life year

    • The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death. It was developed in the 1990s as a way of comparing the overall health and life expectancy of different countries. The DALY is becoming increasingly commo ... Read »


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    • Disabled Access Day

    • Disabled Access Day is an annual event in the United Kingdom, raising awareness of the access issues faced by many disabled people. The first event was held on Saturday, January 17, 2015 and over 200 organisations took part across the UK and further afield. Following on from the success of the pilot, the second event m ... Read »


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    • DynaVox

    • DynaVox Mayer-Johnson is a U.S.-based developer, manufacturer and distributor of speech generating devices headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The company was formed in 1983 and has since become the leading provider of speech communication devices and symbol-adapted special education software used to assist indi ... Read »


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    • Emotional and/or behavioral disability


    • Environmental control device

    • An environmental control device is a form of electronic assistive technology which enables people with significant disabilities to independently access equipment in their environment e.g. home or hospital. An environmental control controller is the device that controls the equipment – like a remote control. You c ... Read »


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    • Extension Scouting

    • Extension Scouting

      Extension Scouting is a programme within Scouting which caters for young people with special needs. Extension Scouting for young people with special needs was originally called Scouts Malgré Tout, which is French for "Scouts Despite Everything". It aims to meet the mandate from the founder of Scouting Robert Baden- ... Read »


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    • Feeble-minded

    • The term feeble-minded was used from the late nineteenth century in Great Britain, Europe and the United States for disorders later referred to as illnesses or deficiencies of the mind. At the time, mental deficiency encompassed all degrees of educational and social deficiency. Within the concept of mental deficiency, ... Read »


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    • Functional capacity evaluation

    • A functional capacity evaluation (FCE) is set of tests, practices and observations that are combined to determine the ability of the evaluated to function in a variety of circumstances, most often employment, in an objective manner. Physicians change diagnoses based on FCEs. They are also required by insurers in when a ... Read »


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    • Functional diversity (disability)

    • Functional diversity is a politically and socially correct term for special needs, disability, impairment and handicap, which began to be used in Spain in scientific writing, at the initiative of those directly affected, in 2005. This term is intended to replace other ones with pejorative semantics. It proposes a shif ... Read »


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    • Group home

    • Group Home is a hip hop duo, composed of members Lil' Dap (birth name James Heath) and Melachi the Nutcracker (birth name Jamal Felder). They came to prominence as members of the Gang Starr Foundation. Lil' Dap made his rhyming debut on Gang Starr's 1992 classic Daily Operation on the song "I'm the Man". Both members a ... Read »


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    • Hearing loss

    • Hearing loss

      Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear. A deaf person has little to no hearing. Hearing loss may occur in one or both ears. In children hearing problems can affect the ability to learn spoken language and in adults it can cause work related difficulties. In some people, ... Read »


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    • Hemiparesis

    • Hemiparesis is unilateral paresis, that is, weakness of the entire left or right side of the body ( means "half"). Hemiplegia is, in its most severe form, complete paralysis of half of the body. Hemiparesis and hemiplegia can be caused by different medical conditions, including congenital causes, trauma, tumors, or str ... Read »


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    • Impairment rating

    • An impairment rating is a number expressed as a percentage that is intended to represent the degree of an individual's impairment, which is a deviation away from one's normal health status and functionality. Impairment is distinct from disability. An individual's impairment rating is based on the restrictive impact of ... Read »


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    • Inclusion (education)

    • Inclusion in education is an approach to educating students with special educational needs. Under the inclusion model, students with special needs spend most or all of their time with non-special needs students. Inclusion rejects the use of special schools or classrooms to separate students with disabilities from stude ... Read »


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    • Indiability Foundation

    • Indiability Foundation

      Indiability Foundation is an international non-governmental organization dedicated to improving the lives, opportunities, and human rights of people with physical disabilities in India. The Foundation delivers a variety of projects to youth and people living in the Thar Desert region of Western Rajasthan. The initiativ ... Read »


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    • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

    • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a classification of the health components of functioning and disability. ICF received approval from all 191 World Health Organization (WHO) member states on May 22, 2001, during the 54th World Health Assembly. Its approval followed nine years ... Read »


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    • Invisible disability

    • Invisible disabilities are disabilities that are not immediately apparent. For instance, some people with visual or auditory disabilities who do not wear glasses or hearing aids, or discreet hearing aids, may not be obviously disabled. Some people who have vision loss may wear contact lenses. A sitting disability is an ... Read »


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    • Language-learning aptitude

    • Language learning aptitude refers to the “prediction of how well, relative to other individuals, an individual can learn a foreign language in a given amount of time and under given conditions.” As with many measures of aptitude, language learning aptitude is thought to be relatively stable once a person mat ... Read »


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    • Limp

    • File:Hinken 2010 PD smallscreen PD 2012.ogv
    • Limp

      A limp is a type of asymmetric abnormality of the gait. Limping may be caused by pain, weakness, neuromuscular imbalance, or a skeletal deformity. The most common underlying cause of a painful limp is physical trauma; however, in the absence of trauma, other serious causes, such as septic arthritis or slipped capital f ... Read »


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    • List of disability-related terms with negative connotations

    • The following is a list of terms used to describe disabilities or people with disabilities that may be considered negative and/or offensive by people with or without disabilities. There is a great deal of disagreement as to what should be considered offensive. Views vary with geography and culture, over time, and amon ... Read »


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    • LOMAK

    • LOMAK is an acronym for Light Operated Mouse And Keyboard. It is an assistive technology device designed for use by people who cannot use a standard computer keyboard and mouse. The Lomak is clipped to an adjustable stand placed vertically underneath the computer screen and is operated by a small laser pointer mounted ... Read »


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    • Low back pain

    • Low back pain

      Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.Pain can vary from a dull constant ache to a sudden sharp feeling. Low back pain may be classified by duration as acute (pain lasting less than 6 weeks), sub-chronic (6 to 12 weeks), or chronic (more than 12 weeks). The condit ... Read »


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    • Medical model of disability

    • The medical model of disability is a medical model by which illness or disability, the result of a physical condition intrinsic to the individual (it is part of that individual's own body), may reduce the individual's quality of life and cause clear disadvantages to the individual. The medical model tends to believe t ... Read »


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    • Micro-enterprise

    • A micro-enterprise (or microenterprise) is generally defined as a small business employing nine people or fewer, and having a balance sheet or turnover less than a certain amount (e.g. 2,000,000 euros or PhP 3,000,000). The terms microenterprise and microbusiness have the same meaning, though traditionally when referri ... Read »


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    • Modified Ashworth scale

    • The Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) measures resistance during passive soft-tissue stretching and is used as a simple measure of spasticity. Scoring (taken from Bohannon and Smith, 1987): http://www.rehabmeasures.org/Lists/RehabMeasures/PrintView.aspx?ID=902 ... Read »


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    • Moron (psychology)

    • Moron is a term once used in psychology to denote mild intellectual disability. The term was closely tied with the American eugenics movement. Once the term became popularized, it fell out of use by the psychological community, as it was used more commonly as an insult than as a psychological term. It is similar to imb ... Read »


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    • Multiple disabilities

    • Multiple disabilities is a term for a person with several disabilities, such as a sensory disability associated with a motor disability. Depending on the definition, a severe intellectual disability may be included in the term "multiple disabilities". Individual usually has more than one significant disability, such a ... Read »


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    • NCPEDP MphasiS Universal Design Awards

    • The NCPEDP-Mphasis Universal Design Awards are given every year on the eve of Independence Day of India to honour individuals and organisations doing exemplary work towards the cause of accessibility and thus ensuring a life of equality and dignity for persons with disabilities. In order to spread awareness on Univers ... Read »


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    • Neonatal infection

    • Neonatal infection

      Neonatal infections are infections of the neonate (newborn) during the neonatal period or first four weeks after birth. Neonatal infections may be contracted by transplacental transfer in utero, in the birth canal during delivery (perinatal), or by other means after birth. Some neonatal infections are apparent soon aft ... Read »


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    • Normalization (people with disabilities)

    • "The normalization principle means making available to all people with disabilities patterns of life and conditions of everyday living which are as close as possible to the regular circumstances and ways of life or society." Normalization is a rigorous theory of human services, often applied in disability arenas, howev ... Read »


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    • Oswestry Disability Index

    • The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is an index derived from the Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire used by clinicians and researchers to quantify disability for low back pain. This validated questionnaire was first published by Jeremy Fairbank et al. in Physiotherapy in 1980. The current version was published in th ... Read »


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    • Outline of health

    • The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to health: Health – functional and metabolic efficiency of an organism. It is the ability to live long, function well (physically and mentally), and prosper. Reproductive health Illness Self-care Health care Health care industry Public he ... Read »


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    • Paraplegia

    • Paraplegia is an impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower extremities. The word comes from Ionic Greek: παραπληγίη "half-striking". It is usually caused by spinal cord injury or a congenital condition that affects the neural (brain) elements of the spinal canal. The area of the ... Read »


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    • Partner-assisted scanning

    • Partner-assisted scanning or listener-assisted scanning is an augmentative and alternative communication technique used to enable a person with severe speech impairments to communicate. The approach is used with individuals who, due to sickness or disability, have severe motor impairments and good memory and attention ... Read »


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    • Perceptual noise exclusion hypothesis

    • The concept of a perceptual noise exclusion deficit is an emerging hypothesis as to the origins and nature of dyslexia. It is supported by research showing that dyslexic adults and children experience difficulty in targeting visual information in the presence of visual perceptual distractions, but subjects do not show ... Read »


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    • Person-centred planning

    • Person-centred planning (PCP) is a set of approaches designed to assist someone to plan their life and supports. It is used most often as a life planning model to enable individuals with disabilities or otherwise requiring support to increase their personal self-determination and improve their own independence. PCP is ... Read »


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    • Person-centred thinking

    • Person-centred thinking is a set of values, skills and tools used in Person Centred Planning and in the personalisation of services used by people who need supports provided by social or health care. Person-centred thinking is described by the UK Department of Health as "the foundation for person centred planning" Th ... Read »


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    • Persons with reduced mobility

    • Persons who are disadvantaged with reduced mobility (PRM) requesting to travel by way of public transport via air, land, sea or space as potential passengers, should have equal opportunities to travel as ordinary citizens. this means no such individual can be discriminated against by companies operating as travel provi ... Read »


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    • Polymer sponge

    • Taking clues from spongy toddler toys that can absorb water and inflate to bigger sizes, scientists at Mayo Clinical Research Centre, Rochester, Minnesota, United States have developed biodegradable polymer grafts that, when surgically placed in damaged vertebrae, intended to grow such that it is just the right size an ... Read »


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    • Prehensile feet

    • Prehensile feet are lower limbs that possess prehensility, the ability to grasp like a hand. They are most commonly observed in monkeys, who similarly possess prehensile tails, and apes. Due to the development of bipedalism in humans, the hands became the focus of prehensility and the feet adjusted to more of a stabil ... Read »


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    • Prosthesis

    • In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prósthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions. Prosthetic amputee rehabilitation is primarily coordinated by a prosthetis ... Read »


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    • QMRP

    • QMRP is an acronym for Qualified Mental Retardation Professional. This term was first used in federal standards developed in the late 1970s and early 1980s for intermediate care facilities for the developmentally disabled (ICF/DD). Under federal law, any person working as a QMRP is required to meet the minimum re ... Read »


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    • Modified Rankin Scale

    • The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) is a commonly used scale for measuring the degree of disability or dependence in the daily activities of people who have suffered a stroke or other causes of neurological disability. It has become the most widely used clinical outcome measure for stroke clinical trials. The scale was or ... Read »


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    • Semantic compaction

    • Semantic compaction, (Minspeak), conceptually described as polysemic (multi-meaning) iconic encoding, is one of the three ways to represent language in Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). It is a system utilized in AAC devices in which sequences of icons (pictorial symbols) are combined in order to form a ... Read »


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    • Sensory garden

    • A sensory garden is a garden or other plot specifically created to be accessible and enjoyable to visitors, both disabled and non-disabled. The purpose of such a provision is to provide individual and combined sensory opportunities for the user such that they may not normally experience. A sensory garden, for example, ... Read »


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    • Shared lives

    • Shared Lives, which is also known as Adult Placement in some areas, is a UK form of support and accommodation for adults with need wherein approved individuals or families open their lives to aid older or disabled persons. Over 10,000 Shared Lives carers in the UK provided care to people with a wide range of disabilit ... Read »


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    • Sitting disability

    • A sitting disability is a condition in which a person may not be able to sit, usually due to pain, but can also happen to persons sitting in wheelchairs. It is also known as "reduced ability to sit", "sitting problems" or "inability to sit." Sitting disability has generally been an unrecognized disability. It is also ... Read »


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    • Smart Chair

    • Smart Chair

      Smart Chair (also known as KD Smart Chair) is a motorized wheelchair or an electric-powered wheelchair (EPW) created in 2014 by KD Healthcare Company USA, a company based in Miami, Florida. It is notable for featuring on CBS's The Doctors show and presented as an option for seniors and people with disabilities. KD ... Read »


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    • Snoezelen

    • Snoezelen or controlled multisensory environment (MSE) is a therapy for people with autism and other developmental disabilities, dementia or brain injury. It consists of placing the person in a soothing and stimulating environment, called the "Snoezelen room". These rooms are specially designed to deliver stimuli to va ... Read »


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    • Social construction of schizophrenia

    • Social constructionism, a branch of sociology, queries commonly held views on the nature of reality, touching on themes of normality and abnormality within the context of power and oppression in societal structures. The concept of a social construction of schizophrenia, within a social construction of health and illnes ... Read »


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    • Social model of disability

    • The social model of disability is a reaction to the dominant medical model of disability which in itself is a functional analysis of the body as machine to be fixed in order to conform with normative values. The social model of disability identifies systemic barriers, negative attitudes and exclusion by society (purpos ... Read »


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    • Social role valorization

    • In psychology, education and social work practice, social role valorization (SRV) is the name given to an analysis of human relationships and human services, formulated in 1983 by Wolf Wolfensberger, as the successor to his earlier formulation of the principle of normalization which is attributed to Nirje, Wolfensberge ... Read »


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    • Spastic diplegia

    • Spastic diplegia, historically known as Little's Disease, is a form of cerebral palsy (CP) that is a chronic neuromuscular condition of hypertonia and spasticity—manifested as an especially high and constant "tightness" or "stiffness"—in the muscles of the lower extremities of the human body, usually those of ... Read »


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    • Spastic hemiplegia

    • Spastic hemiplegia

      Spastic hemiplegia is a neuromuscular condition of spasticity that results in the muscles on one side of the body being in a constant state of contraction. It is the "one-sided version" of spastic diplegia. It falls under the mobility impairment umbrella of cerebral palsy. About 20–30% of people with cerebral pals ... Read »


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    • Spasticity

    • Spasticity (from Greek spasmos-, meaning "drawing, pulling") is a feature of altered skeletal muscle performance with a combination of paralysis, increased tendon reflex activity and hypertonia. It is also colloquially referred to as an unusual "tightness", stiffness, or "pull" of muscles. Clinically, spasticity resul ... Read »


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    • Special education

    • Special education (also known as special needs education, aided education or exceptional education) is the practice of educating students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored ar ... Read »


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    • Special needs

    • In the United States, special needs is a term used in clinical diagnostic and functional development to describe individuals who require assistance for disabilities that may be medical, mental, or psychological. For instance, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the International Classification ... Read »


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    • Spoon theory

    • The spoon theory is a disability metaphor used to explain the reduced amount of energy available for activities of daily living and productive tasks that may result from disability or chronic illness. Spoons are a tangible unit of measurement used to track how much energy a person has throughout a given day. Each activ ... Read »


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    • Sullivan's Index


    • Supported living

    • Supported living or supportive living refers to a range of services designed to help disabled citizens retain their independence in their local communities. Supported living has been defined in diverse ways in the US, including early conceptualization in New York as integrated apartment living, and one early defin ... Read »


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    • SwimAbility Canada

    • SwimAbility Canada

      SwimAbility Canada (previously known as Making Waves Canada from 2009-2016) is a Canadian not-for-profit organization that improves the lives of children with disabilities through private, low-cost and adapted swimming/water safety instruction. It is the largest student-run not-for-profit organization in Canada. T ... Read »


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    • Switch access scanning

    • Switch access scanning is an indirect selection technique (or access method), used by an assistive technology user, including those who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) to choose items from the selection set. Unlike direct selection (e.g., typing on a keyboard, touching a screen), a scanner can only ... Read »


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    • Tacpac

    • Tacpac is a multi-sensory process created in 1995 that can be used to promote communication and movement through touch and music. Designed as a process for young children with sensory impairment (e.g. deafblindness), and developmental delay, researchers, parents and practitioners have found that it can be used across a ... Read »


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    • Tadoma

    • Tadoma is a method of communication used by deafblind individuals, in which the deafblind person places their thumb on the speaker's lips and their fingers along the jawline. The middle three fingers often fall along the speaker's cheeks with the little finger picking up the vibrations of the speaker's throat. It is so ... Read »


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    • Triplegia

    • Triplegia is a medical condition characterized by the paralysis of three limbs (Triplegia Muscle Anatomy) . A person with triplegia can be referred to as triplegic. While there is no typical pattern of involvement, it is usually associated with paralysis of both legs and one arm — but can also involve both arms an ... Read »


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    • Vision rehabilitation

    • Vision rehabilitation (often called vision rehab) is a term for a medical rehabilitation to improve vision or low vision. In other words, it is the process of restoring functional ability and improving quality of life and independence in an individual who has lost visual function through illness or injury. Most visual ... Read »


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    • Visual snow

    • Animated example of visual snow-like noise Classification and external resources ICD-10 Xxx.x ICD-
    • Visual snow

      Visual snow, visual static, or persistent visual snow is a transitory or persisting medical disorder in which sufferers see snow or television-like static in parts or the whole of their visual fields, constantly in all light conditions, even visible in daylight, darkness and with closed eyelids. The severity or density ... Read »


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    • World report on disability

    • The World report on disability (WRD) is the first document to give an extensive global picture of the situation of people with disabilities, their needs, and the barriers they face to participating fully in their societies. The aim of the report is to support the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Person ... Read »


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    • Youth and disability

    • Worldwide, there are between 180 and 220 million youth with disabilities. Eighty percent of disabled youth live in developing countries, and therefore have even less access to education, health care, jobs and general rights Disabilities include physical, mental disabilities or mental illness. Many youth live normal and ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Disability

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