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    Dietary supplements

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    • Bodybuilding supplements

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    • Energy drinks

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    • Energy food products

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    • Nutritional supplement companies

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    • Sports nutrition and bodybuilding supplement companies

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    • Vitamins

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    • Dietary supplement

    • A dietary supplement is intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Supplements as generally understood include vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, or amino acids, among other substances. U.S. authorities define dietary supplements as foods, while elsewhere they may b ... Read »


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    • ACES (nutritional supplement)

    • Antioxidant supplements with varying amounts of carotene(s) for (pro) vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E and Selenium are known by the acronym, ACES. The commercial ACES formulas are a first generation, high potency, combined antioxidant that vary in component concentrations, specific components or source, and their ratio ... Read »


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    • Acetylcarnitine

    • Acetylcarnitine

      Acetyl-L-carnitine, ALCAR or ALC, is an acetylated form of L-carnitine. It is naturally produced by the body, although it is often taken as a dietary supplement. Acetylcarnitine is broken down in the blood by plasma esterases to carnitine which is used by the body to transport fatty acids into the for breakdown. ... Read »


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    • Active hexose correlated compound

    • Active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) is an alpha-glucan (=starch) rich nutritional supplement produced from the mycelia of shiitake (Lentinula edodes) of the basidiomycete family of mushrooms. The compound is a subject of research as a potential anti-cancer agent, but has not been conclusively found to treat cancer ... Read »


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    • S-Adenosyl methionine

    • S-Adenosyl methionine

      S-Adenosyl methionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation. Although these anabolic reactions occur throughout the body, most SAM-e is produced and consumed in the liver. More than 40 methyl transfers from SAM-e are known, to various substrates such as nucle ... Read »


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    • Airborne (dietary supplement)

    • Airborne

      Dietary supplements Airborne is a dietary supplement containing herbal extracts, amino acids, antioxidants, electrolytes, vitamins, and other ingredients marketed to prevent the common cold and improve immune function. The benefits of its use are uncertain. There are no studies supporting Airborne's effectiveness tha ... Read »


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    • Algas Calcareas

    • Algas Calcareas is a dietary supplement derived from a marine-algae native to South America and is abundant on the sea shores. This algae absorbs minerals from the sea before it breaks it down naturally before settling on the bottom of the ocean. This calcified structure is a source of many trace minerals and bone-supp ... Read »


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    • Alpha-GPC

    • Alpha-GPC

      L-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC, choline alfoscerate) is a natural choline compound found in the brain. It is also a parasympathomimetic acetylcholine precursor which may have potential for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Alpha-GPC rapidly delivers choline to the brain across the ... Read »


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    • Alternative treatments used for the common cold

    • Alternative treatments used for the common cold include numerous home remedies and alternative medicines. Scientific research regarding the efficacy of each treatment is generally nonexistent or inconclusive. Current best evidence indicates prevention, including hand washing and neatness, and management of symptoms. ... Read »


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    • Angelica sinensis

    • Angelica sinensis

      Angelica sinensis, commonly known as dong quai or "female ginseng" is a herb from the family Apiaceae, indigenous to China. Angelica sinensis grows in cool high altitude mountains in China, Japan, and Korea. The yellowish brown root of the plant is harvested in fall and is a well-known Chinese medicine used over thousa ... Read »


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    • Anisodus

    • Anisodus

      Anisodus is a genus of flowering plant in the family Solanaceae. It is native to China, Tibet, India, Bhutan, and Nepal. One species, A. tanguticus (Chinese: ; pinyin: shān làngdàng), is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. ... Read »


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    • Anisodus tanguticus

    • Anisodus tanguticus

      Anisodus tanguticus is a species of flowering plant in the family Solanaceae which includes many important agricultural plants. It is mostly found growing in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. A. tanguticus is collected and used mostly for its medicinal effects thought to be derived from the plant's biologically active nicot ... Read »


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    • Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (dietary supplement)

    • Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (/əˌfænᵻˈzɒmáµ»nɒn ˌflɒs.ˈeɪkwiː/; is a species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) which is commercially processed into a dietary supplement. Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA) is known to contain nutrients including essential fatty acids, active enzymes, v ... Read »


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    • L-Arginine ethyl ester

    • L-Arginine ethyl ester

      L-Arginine ethyl ester or LAE is an alternative supplement form of the conditionally-essential amino acid arginine bound to an ethyl ester. Esters are organic compounds formed by esterification – the reaction of carboxylic acid and alcohols. L-Arginine ethyl ester is a white powder quickly soluble in hot water. I ... Read »


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    • Artificial rice

    • Artificial rice is a grain product made to resemble rice. It is usually made from broken rice, sometimes with the addition of other cereals, and often fortified with micronutrients, including minerals such as iron and zinc and vitamins, such as vitamin A and vitamin B. Rice-making machines exist for sale, allowing ... Read »


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    • Astragalus

    • Astragalus

      Acanthophaca NevskiAragallus Neck. ex GreeneAstenolobium NevskiAstracantha PodlechAtelophragma Rydb.Barnebyella PodlechBatidophaca Rydb.Biserrula L.Brachyphragma Rydb.Cnemidophacos Rydb.Contortuplicata Medik.Cryptorrhynchus NevskiCtenophyllum Rydb.Cystium StevenDidymopelta Regel & Schmalh.Diholcos Rydb.Diplotheca Hochs ... Read »


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    • Ateronon

    • Ateronon is a neutraceutical composed of "lactolycopene", which is lycopene from tomato oleoresin embedded in a whey protein matrix which increases the bioavailability of lycopene. There is no good evidence taking ateronon has more benefit than eating tomato food products, or even that it provides any health benefit a ... Read »


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    • Atmit

    • Atmit is a nutritional supplement used to fight famine in impoverished countries. The creamy, nutritious food is indigenous to Ethiopia and is now used to feed the severely malnourished and weakened adults and children. The word atmit originated in Ethiopia and refers to a kind of "thin, nourishing porridge." Tradition ... Read »


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    • Azerizin

    • Azerizin is claimed to be a proprietary blend of the natural ingredients nicotinamide, azelaic acid, quercetin and curcumin that purportedly combine the anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, along with inhibiting effects on sebum production. The cascade of events in the inflammatory pathway that result from ... Read »


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    • Balance Bar

    • Balance Bar

      Balance Bar, sometimes styled as balance bar, is the brand name of a nutritional energy bar based on the 40-30-30 dietary principle, that is, a diet containing 40% carbohydrate, 30% protein and 30% dietary fat. The 40-30-30 nutritional philosophy was popularized by Dr. Barry Sears, a biochemist, and later expounded in ... Read »


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    • BDTH2

    • BDTH2

      BDTH2 (also called BDET and BDETH2; trade names B9, MetX and OSR#1) is an organosulfur compound that is used as a chelation agent. It is a colourless solid. The molecule consists of two thiol groups and linked via a pair of amide groups. The compound was reported in about 1994 after a search for chelating agents s ... Read »


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    • Beano (dietary supplement)

    • Beano is an enzyme-based dietary supplement that is used to reduce gas in the digestive tract, thereby improving digestion and reducing bloating, discomfort, and flatulence caused by gas. It contains the enzyme alpha-galactosidase (α-GAL). It was introduced as a liquid, but that has been discontinued and it is now a ... Read »


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    • Bee pollen

    • Bee pollen is the pollen ball that has been packed by worker honeybees into pellets. Bee bread is also the bee pollen with added honey and bee secretions and stored in brood cells, chambers of honeybees or of wood and mud created by female ground-nesting (such as the Leafcutting Bee) bees. With the Leafcutting Bee, whe ... Read »


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    • Benecol

    • Benecol is a brand of cholesterol lowering food products owned by the Finnish company Raisio Group, which owns the trademark. Raisio Group licenses the Benecol brand and sells the ingredient stanol ester to food companies around the world. The brand is licensed in more than 30 countries by local food companies such as ... Read »


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    • Bengal Punch

    • Bengal Punch was a sports drink created in 1958 for the Louisiana State University football team. It is believed to be the first sports drink ever created, pre-dating Gatorade by seven years. It was created by Dr. Martin Broussard, the long-time LSU athletic trainer who served the university from the mid-1940s until th ... Read »


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    • Berocca

    • Berocca is a brand of effervescent drink and vitamin tablets containing B vitamins and vitamin C and aspartame (phenylalanine). Berocca is available in a number of countries worldwide. Berocca was originally manufactured by Roche Pharmaceuticals, but is now manufactured by Bayer after Bayer's global acquisition of Roc ... Read »


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    • Bio-In


    • BioSteel Sports Nutrition Inc.

    • BioSteel Sports Nutrition Inc.

      BioSteel Sports Nutrition Inc. is a Canadian company based in Toronto that produces nutrition products for athletes and exercise enthusiasts. Matt Nichol, former Toronto Maple Leafs strength and conditioning coach, developed a high performance sports mix of amino acids and electrolytes. The mix contains beets whic ... Read »


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    • Bitter orange

    • Bitter orange

      Bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus × aurantium) and its fruit. It is native to southeast Asia, and has been spread by humans to many parts of the world. Wild trees are found near small streams in generally secluded and wooded parts of Flor ... Read »


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    • Boldo

    • Peumus boldus, the only species in the genus Peumus, is commonly known as Boldo (from the Mapudungun name foḻo). This tree of the family Monimiaceae is natively endemic to the central region of Chile, occurring from 33° to 40° southern latitude. Boldo has also been introduced to Europe and North Africa, thou ... Read »


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    • Boost Buddy

    • Boost Buddy is an Irish supplier of personalised vitamins and minerals (multivitamins) specially targeted to Generation Y. Established in 2013 by Des Swan and John Munnelly, the company is based in Newbridge, Ireland. Boost Buddy ran a 5-week TV advertising campaign in the UK which was broadcast on the Channel ... Read »


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    • BP-5 Compact Food

    • BP-5 Compact Food (also known as a BP-5 biscuit) is a high-calorie, vitamin fortified, compact, compressed and dry food, often used by relief agencies for the emergency feeding of refugees and internally displaced persons. BP-5 is available in packs of 2 biscuit bars. Each box of 9 packs contains 500g of food, wit ... Read »


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    • Bromelain

    • Bromelain is a protein extract derived from the stems of pineapples, although it exists in all parts of the fresh plant and fruit. The extract has a history of folk medicine use. As a culinary ingredient, it may be used as a meat tenderizer. The term "bromelain" may refer to either of two protease enzymes extracted fr ... Read »


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    • Calcium

    • Calcium,  20Ca

      Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20. Calcium is a soft gray Group 2 alkaline earth metal, fifth-most-abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust. The ion Ca2+ is also the fifth-most-abundant dissolved ion in seawater by both molarity and mass, after sodium, chloride, magnesium, and ... Read »


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    • Calorad

    • Calorad Classic is a liquid protein weight loss supplement which was first introduced to the US and Canadian marketplace in 1984. It has been advertised on both television and radio. Calorad Classic is manufactured by NutriDiem and is marketed by several companies including Essentially Yours Industries and Nysante, all ... Read »


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    • CalorieMate

    • CalorieMate

      CalorieMate (カロリーメイト) is a brand of nutritional energy bar and energy gel foods produced by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., in Japan. It was first released in 1983 debuting with the cheese flavored block. CalorieMate comes in several forms, including Block, Jelly, and Can. CalorieMate Bloc ... Read »


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    • Candex

    • Candex is a dietary supplement manufactured by Pure Essence Laboratories. It is marketed as an enzymatic remedy to treat the yeast infection candida. Having the status of a dietary supplement, its efficiency has not been proven in scientifically controlled and peer-reviewed trials. Similar formulas exist, such as Candi ... Read »


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    • Carnitine

    • Carnitine

      Carnitine(β-hydroxy-γ-N-trimethylaminobutyric acid,3-hydroxy-4-N,N,N- trimethylaminobutyrate) is a quaternary ammonium compound involved in metabolism in most mammals, plants and some bacteria. Carnitine may exist in two isomers, labeled D-Carnitine and L-Carnitine, as they are optically active. At room temperatu ... Read »


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    • Cellucor

    • Cellucor is a sports nutrition brand from the nutritional life sciences company Nutrabolt, which is headquartered in Bryan, Texas in the United States. Cellucor was brought to market in 2002. Cellucor’s main product line, the Cellular 'Chrome Series', includes various pre-, intra- and post workout supplements, inc ... Read »


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    • Centella asiatica

    • Centella asiatica

      Hydrocotyle asiatica L.Trisanthus cochinchinensis Lour. Centella asiatica, commonly known as centella, Asiatic pennywort or Indian pennywort, is a herbaceous, frost-tender perennial plant in the flowering plant family Apiaceae, subfamily Mackinlayoideae. It is native to wetlands in Asia. It is used as a culinary veget ... Read »


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    • Centrum (multivitamin)

    • Centrum is a brand of multivitamins produced by Pfizer (formerly Wyeth). A 2012 study found that participants who took a Centrum-brand multivitamin each day had reduced rates of cancer, although the results were questioned by the Journal of the American Medical Association. On October 17, 2012, researchers reported o ... Read »


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    • Cetyl myristoleate

    • Cetyl myristoleate

      Cetyl myristoleate is a chemical compound which is a type of fatty acid ester or, more specifically, a cetylated fatty acid (CFA). It is the cetyl ester of myristoleic acid. Although it is used as a dietary supplement, there is little clinical evidence to support a benefit for any medical condition. Cetyl myristol ... Read »


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    • Chicory

    • Chicory greens, raw

      Common chicory, Cichorium intybus, is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink. Many varieties are cultivated for salad leaves, chicons (blanched buds), or roots (var. sativum), which are baked, ground, and used as a coffee s ... Read »


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    • Chlorella

    • Chlorella

      Chlorella is a genus of single-cell green algae belonging to the phylum Chlorophyta. It is spherical in shape, about 2 to 10 μm in diameter, and is without flagella. Chlorella contains the green photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll-a and -b in its chloroplast. Through photosynthesis, it multiplies rapidly, requiring ... Read »


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    • Chlorophyllin

    • Chlorophyllin

      Chlorophyllin refers to any one of a group of closely related water-soluble salts that are semi-synthetic derivatives of chlorophyll, differing in the identity of the cations associated with the anion. Its most common form is a sodium/copper derivative used as a food additive and in alternative medicine. Chlorophyll is ... Read »


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    • Choline

    • Choline

      Choline (/ˈkoʊliːn/) is a water-soluble vitamin. The term cholines refers to the class of quaternary ammonium salts containing the N,N,N-trimethylethanolammonium cation (X− on the right denotes an undefined counteranion). The cation appears in the head groups of phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin, two ... Read »


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    • Chondroitin sulfate

    • Chondroitin sulfate is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG) composed of a chain of alternating sugars (N-acetylgalactosamine and glucuronic acid). It is usually found attached to proteins as part of a proteoglycan. A chondroitin chain can have over 100 individual sugars, each of which can be sulfated in variable position ... Read »


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    • Chromium(III) nicotinate

    • Chromium(III) nicotinate

      Chromium(III) nicotinate is an ionic substance used for chromium supplementation in some nutritional products, where it is also referred to as chromium polynicotinate. It appears in products that are referred to as a medical food used for nutritional support for conditions associated with diabetes mellitus type 2. The ... Read »


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    • Chromium(III) picolinate

    • Chromium(III) picolinate

      Chromium(III) picolinate (CrPic3) is a chemical compound sold as a nutritional supplement to treat type 2 diabetes and promote weight loss. This bright-red coordination compound is derived from chromium(III) and picolinic acid. Small quantities of chromium are needed for glucose utilization by insulin in normal health, ... Read »


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    • Clif Bar

    • Clif Bar & Co.

      Clif Bar & Company is an American company that produces organic foods and drinks. The company's flagship product, CLIF Bar, was created by Gary Erickson. The company is based in Emeryville, California and is privately held. In April 2013, Kevin Cleary was named CEO of the company; CFO Boragno; co-owners Erickson and Ki ... Read »


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    • Clinical trials on glucosamine and chondroitin


    • Cod liver oil

    • Cod liver oil is a nutritional supplement derived from liver of cod fish (Gadidae). As with most fish oils, it has high levels of the omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Cod liver oil also contains vitamin A and vitamin D. It has historically been taken because of its vitami ... Read »


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    • Colostrinin

    • Colostrinin (also known as CLN, proline-rich polypeptides or PRP) is a naturally occurring mixture of proline-rich polypeptides derived from colostrum. Colostrinin was originally identified by scientists working in Poland in the 1970s. Colostrinin is derived from colostrum, which is present in the pre-milk fluid p ... Read »


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    • Colostrum

    • Colostrum (known colloquially as beestings,bisnings or first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals (including humans) in late pregnancy. Most species will generate colostrum just prior to calving. Colostrum contains antibodies to protect the newborn against disease. In general, protein conce ... Read »


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    • Conjugated linoleic acid

    • Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a family of at least 28isomers of linoleic acid found mostly in the meat and dairy products derived from ruminants. CLAs can be either cis- or trans-fats and the double bonds of CLAs are conjugated and separated by a single bond between them. CLA is marketed as a dietary supplement ... Read »


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    • Copper gluconate

    • Copper gluconate

      Copper gluconate is the copper salt of D-gluconic acid. It is an odorless light blue or blue-green crystal or powder which is easily soluble in water and insoluble in ethanol. Toxic in large amounts. Side effects from too much copper gluconate may include breathing problems, chest pain, stomach upset, and rash or ... Read »


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    • Coral calcium

    • Coral calcium is a salt of calcium derived from fossilized coral reefs (primarily from limestone and coastal deposits). It has been promoted as an alternative, but unsubstantiated, treatment or cure for a number of health conditions. Coral calcium is composed primarily of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), with small amou ... Read »


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    • CortiSlim

    • CortiSlim is a family of weight-loss dietary supplements marketed by CortiSLIM International Inc. The CortiSlim line of products was acquired from its original owner, Window Rock Enterprises in 2008 after Window Rock had been pushed into bankruptcy as a result of losing a lawsuit for false advertising by the Federal Tr ... Read »


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    • Creatine

    • Creatine

      Creatine (/ˈkriːətiːn/ or /ˈkriːətɪn/) is a nitrogenous organic acid that occurs naturally in vertebrates. Its main role is to facilitate recycling of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of the cell, primarily in muscle and brain tissue. This is achieved by recycling adenosine diph ... Read »


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    • Creatine supplements

    • Creatine supplements are athletic aids used to increase high-intensity athletic performance. Researchers have known of the use of creatine as an energy source by skeletal muscles since the middle of the 20th century. They were popularized as a performance-enhancing supplement beginning in the 1990s. In 1912, Harva ... Read »


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    • Crocodile oil

    • Crocodile oil is extracted from the fatty tissues of crocodiles and has been used both as preventive and a treatment for a number of human ailments and conditions for many years and across numerous cultures, including Ancient Egypt. It is somewhat red in color, and less viscous than alligator oil. Both were used in the ... Read »


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    • Cyanotech

    • Public Industry Dietary supplements Founded 1983 Founder Gerry Cysewski Headquarters Kailua Kona, Hawaii, United States
    • Cyanotech Corporation

      Cyanotech Corporation is a micro-algae producing company leasing land in the Natural Energy Lab of Hawaii on the Kona Coast of the island of Hawaii. The company produces BioAstin® Natural Astaxanthin and Hawaiian Spirulina Pacifica. Cyanotech was co-founded in 1983 by Gerry Cysewski. The Bioastin brand was approved ... Read »


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    • Cycloastragenol

    • Cycloastragenol

      Cycloastragenol is a molecule isolated from various species in the genus Astragalus that is purported to have telomerase activation activity. A single in vitro study on human CD4 and CD8 T cells led to claims that cycloastragenol may activate telomerase, leading to controversial claims for its role in reducing the effe ... Read »


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    • Deglycyrrhizinated licorice

    • Deglycyrrhizinated licorice, or DGL, is an herbal supplement typically used in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers. It is made from licorice from which the glycyrrhizin has been removed. Deglycyrrhizinated liquorice plus antacid is marketed in Europe, South Africa, and Canada, as the medicinal preparation Cav ... Read »


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    • Dehydroepiandrosterone

    • Dehydroepiandrosterone

      Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), also known as androstenolone, is an endogenous steroid hormone. It is the most abundant circulating steroid hormone in humans, in whom it is produced in the adrenal glands, the gonads, and the brain, where it functions predominantly as a metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of the a ... Read »


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    • Dexatrim

    • Dexatrim is an over-the-counter (OTC) dietary supplement meant to assist with weight loss. Dexatrim claims it "gives you the power to lose weight, curb binges, and keep you in control of your diet." Current Dexatrim products available are in capsule form and include Dexatrim Max Complex 7, Dexatrim Max Daytime Appetit ... Read »


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    • Dianazene

    • Dianazene was the name given by L. Ron Hubbard to a vitamin supplement containing iron, Vitamin C, and various B vitamins, including especially large doses of niacin. Hubbard promoted it as a form of protection against radiation poisoning during the 1950s, saying that "Dianazene runs out radiation - or what appears to ... Read »


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    • Dietary fiber

    • Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It has two main components: Dietary fibers can act by changing the nature of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract and by changing how other nutrients and chemicals are absorbed. Some types of soluble fiber absorb water to become a ... Read »


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    • Dimethylglycine

    • Dimethylglycine

      Dimethylglycine is a derivative of the amino acid glycine with the structural formula (CH3)2NCH2COOH. It can be found in beans and liver. It can be formed from trimethylglycine upon the loss of one of its methyl groups. It is also a byproduct of the metabolism of choline. When DMG was first discovered, it was referred ... Read »


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    • Diosmin

    • Diosmin

      Diosmin is a flavone, a member of the flavonoid family. Diosmin aglycone is diosmetin. It can be found in Teucrium gnaphalodes, a plant endemic to the Iberian Peninsula. Diosmin is a semisynthetic flavonoid molecule derived from citrus d (modified hesperidin). It is an oral phlebotropic drug used in the treatment ... Read »


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    • Drink mix

    • A drink mix, or powdered drink mix is a processed-food product, a powder designed to mix usually with water to produce a beverage resembling fruit juice or soda in flavor. Another type of drink mix is represented by products that must be mixed into milk. While some are made with sugar, or sold unsweetened, the pro ... Read »


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    • DXN (brand)

    • DXN is a multilevel marketing company based in Malaysia. DXN was founded in 1993 by Dato' Dr. Lim Siow Jin. The core business activities of DXN include the cultivation, manufacturing and marketing of health food supplements containing Ganoderma or Lingzhi. The company's other products include food and beverages, person ... Read »


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    • ECA stack

    • The ECA stack is a drug combination used in weight loss and as a stimulant. ECA is an initialism for ephedrine, caffeine, and aspirin, with variants of it including the EC stack, which removes the aspirin for those who can not tolerate it. Dietary supplements based on or including elements of ECA were popular through t ... Read »


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    • Eggshell membrane

    • Eggshell membrane is a dietary supplement made from chicken eggs, having the objective of reducing or treating osteoarthritis or other stiffness and pain of the joints. The membrane is the clear film lining the eggshell, visible when one peels a boiled egg. Eggshell membrane is primarily composed of fibrous proteins s ... Read »


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    • Elemental calcium

    • Elemental calcium is a term used in dietary supplement ingredient lists to refer to the amount of calcium in a product. Calcium pills contain calcium in a variety of molecules, such as carbonate, citrate, citrate-maleate, orotate, etc. Each pill supplies a different amount of elemental calcium when absorbed, and hence ... Read »


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    • Emergen-C

    • Emergen-C is an effervescent, powdered drink mix vitamin supplement manufactured by Alacer Corp. The Emergen-C product line was introduced in 1978. Alacer was established as a private company in 1972, focusing on vitamin supplements containing vitamin C. In 2012, the company was acquired by Pfizer. It contains, depend ... Read »


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    • Emu oil

    • Emu oil is an oil derived from adipose tissue harvested from certain subspecies of the emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae, a flightless bird indigenous to Australia. Unadulterated emu oil can vary widely in color and viscosity anywhere from an off-white creamy texture to a thin yellow liquid, depending on the diet of the e ... Read »


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    • Energy bar

    • Energy bars are supplemental bars containing cereals and other high energy foods targeted at people who require quick energy but do not have time for a meal. They are different from energy drinks, which contain caffeine, whereas bars provide food energy. Energy in food comes from three sources: fat, protein, and c ... Read »


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    • Energy gel

    • Energy gels are carbohydrate gels that provide energy for exercise and promote recovery, commonly used in endurance events such as running, cycling, and triathlons. Energy gels are also referred to as endurance gels, sports gels, nutritional gels, and carbohydrate gels. They come in small, single-serve plastic packets. ... Read »


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    • Enforcement actions against açaí berry supplement manufacturers


    • Ensure

    • Ensure

      Ensure is the brand name of nutritional supplements and meal replacements manufactured by Abbott Laboratories. In 1903, Harry C. Moores and Stanley M. Ross launch the "Moores & Ross Milk Company" which specialized in bottling milk for home delivery for the first few years. By 1964, however, the company merged with Abb ... Read »


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    • Enzyte

    • Enzyte is an herbal nutritional supplement originally manufactured by Berkeley Premium Nutraceuticals (now Vianda, LLC) of Cincinnati, Ohio. The manufacturer has claimed that Enzyte promotes "natural male enhancement," which is a euphemism for enhancing erectile function. However, its effectiveness has been called into ... Read »


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    • Ephedra

    • Ephedra is a medicinal preparation from the plant Ephedra sinica. Several additional species belonging to the genus Ephedra have traditionally been used for a variety of medicinal purposes, and are a possible candidate for the Soma plant of Indo-Iranian religion. It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for mor ... Read »


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    • Essentiale

    • Essentiale

      Essentiale (polyenylphosphatidylcholine or PPC, with or without synergistic vitamins) is a preparation of essential phospholipids. Essentiale normalizes the metabolism of lipids and proteins, improves the detoxification function of the liver, restores the cellular structure of the liver and retards the producing of con ... Read »


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    • ExtenZe

    • ExtenZe is a herbal nutritional supplement claiming to promote "natural male enhancement", a euphemism for penis enlargement. Additionally, television commercials and advertisements claim an "improved" or "arousing" sexual experience. Websites selling the product make several more detailed claims, including acquiring a ... Read »


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    • Extract of malt

    • Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting". The grains are made to germinate by soaking in water, and are then halted from germinating further by drying with hot air. Malting grains develops the enzymes required for modifying the grain's starches into various types of sugar, i ... Read »


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    • F-100 and F-75 (foods)

    • F-100 and F-75 (also known as Formula 100 and Formula 75) are therapeutic milk products designed to treat severe malnutrition. In 1994, Action Against Hunger / Action Contre la Faim (ACF) pioneered the use of milk formula F-100 for the treatment of severe acute malnutrition. In 1997, a French medical researcher togethe ... Read »


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    • Fastin

    • Fastin is a dietary supplement that is manufactured and marketed for weight loss by Hi Tech Pharmaceuticals in Atlanta, GA. There is no clinical evidence that this supplement is effective for weight loss. Fastin was once a brand name of a drug called phentermine and the Fastin brand of phentermine was manufactured by K ... Read »


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    • Femarelle

    • Femarelle is a dietary supplement that is a mixture of DT56a (a tofu extract) and flaxseed powder, that may act as a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). In 2008 an application was submitted to the European Food Safety Authority to market Femarelle with a health claim, namely that it can reduce the risk for os ... Read »


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    • Fermented wheat germ extract

    • Fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE), also called fermented wheat germ powder (FWGP), is a concentrated extract of wheat germ derived from the germ (endosperm, or seed) of the wheat plant. FWGE differs from ordinary wheat germ in that it is fermented with baker's yeast to concentrate biologically-active benzoquinones. ... Read »


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    • Fibe Mini

    • Fibe Mini (ファイブミニ) is a Japanese soft drink with added dietary fiber produced by Otsuka Pharmaceutical. It was launched in 1988, and is often considered the first "functional food". The functional ingredient is polydextrose. ... Read »


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    • Fibre supplements

    • Fibre supplements (or fiber supplements) are considered to be a form of a subgroup of functional dietary fibre, and in the United States are defined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). According to the IOM, functional fibre "consists of isolated, non-digestible carbohydrates that have beneficial physiological effects i ... Read »


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    • Fish oil

    • Fish oil is oil derived from the tissues of oily fish. Fish oils contain the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), precursors of certain eicosanoids that are known to reduce inflammation in the body, and have other health benefits. Nonetheless, fish oil supplement studies have ... Read »


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    • Fish protein powder

    • Fish protein powder (FPP) describes a food grade powder product designated primarily for human consumption applications. It differs significantly from fish meal products which are designated for animal feed applications. Fish protein powders have various sanitary processing, purity and functional characteristics which ... Read »


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    • Fortisip

    • Fortisip is a therapeutic food manufactured/produced by Nutricia. It is a ready-made milkshake style drink meant for consumption by people who cannot consume enough solid food to maintain a balanced diet. Fortisip is suitable for use as the sole source of nutrition for most people over 6 years of age. Fortisip contain ... Read »


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    • Fucoidan

    • Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide (MW: average 20,000) found mainly in various species of brown algae and brown seaweed such as mozuku, kombu, bladderwrack, wakame, and hijiki (variant forms of fucoidan have also been found in animal species, including the sea cucumber). Fucoidan is used as an ingredient in some di ... Read »


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    • Functional chewing gum

    • Functional chewing gum

      Functional chewing gum is the name given to types of chewing gum which impart some practical function instead of, or in addition to, the usual enjoyment provided by a traditional chewing gum as a confectionery product. Examples of this include nicotine gum which is used to aid smoking cessation & so-called Think Gum wh ... Read »


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    • Gac

    • Gac

      Gac is a fruit produced by Momordica cochinchinensis, which is found throughout the Southeast Asian region from South China to Northeastern Australia, including Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam. It is commonly known as gac from the Vietnamese gấc (pronounced [ɣək˦˥]) or quả g ... Read »


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    • Ganoderma sichuanense

    • Ganoderma sichuanense

      ecology is saprotrophic Ganoderma sichuanense is a flat polypore mushroom of the genus Ganoderma. [1] Ganoderma sichuanense in MycoBank. ... Read »


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    • Ganoderma tsugae

    • Ganoderma tsugae

      ecology is saprotrophic Ganoderma tsugae, also known as Hemlock varnish shelf, is a flat polypore mushroom of the genus Ganoderma. In contrast to Ganoderma lucidum, to which it is closely related and which it closely resembles, G. tsugae tends to grow on conifers, especially hemlocks. Like G. lucidum, G. tsugae is sai ... Read »


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    • Gelatin

    • Gelatin or gelatine (from Latin: gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal raw materials. It is commonly used as a gelling agent in food, pharmaceutical drugs, photography, and cosmetic manufacturing. Substances ... Read »


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    • Genistein

    • Genistein

      Genistein is an isoflavone that is described as an angiogenesis inhibitor and a phytoestrogen. It was first isolated in 1899 from the dyer's broom, Genista tinctoria; hence, the chemical name. The compound structure was established in 1926, when it was found to be identical with that of prunetol. It was chemically synt ... Read »


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    • Geritol

    • Geritol is a United States trademarked name for various dietary supplements, past and present. Geritol is a brand name for several vitamin complexes plus iron or multimineral products in both liquid form and tablets, containing from 9.5 to 18 mg of iron per daily dose. The name conveys a connection with aging, as in ... Read »


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    • Ginseng

    • Ginseng

      Subgenus Panax Subgenus Trifolius Ginseng (/ˈdʒɪnsɛŋ/) is any one of the 11 species of slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, belonging to the genus Panax of the family Araliaceae. Ginseng is found in North America and in eastern Asia (mostly northeast China, Korea, Bhutan, eastern Siberia), ... Read »


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    • Glisodin

    • Glisodin is the registered trademark of a nutritional supplement based on two constituents: As oxygen metabolizes in the body, potentially harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS) are created. The human body implements an antioxidant defense system to protect against ROS. In the event that these defenses are overpowe ... Read »


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    • Glucosamine

    • Glucosamine

      Glucosamine (C6H13NO5) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids. Glucosamine is part of the structure of the polysaccharides chitosan and chitin, which compose the exoskeletons of crustaceans and other arthropods, as well as the cell walls of fungi and ... Read »


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    • Glutamine

    • Glutamine

      Glutamine (abbreviated as Gln or Q; encoded by the codons CAA and CAG) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. It contains an α-amino group (which is in the protonated −NH3+ form under biological conditions), an α-carboxylic acid group (which is in the deprotonated −COO− ... Read »


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    • Goji

    • Goji, goji berry or wolfberry (pinyin: gǒuqǐ) is the fruit of either the Lycium barbarum or Lycium chinense, two closely related species of boxthorn in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The family also includes the potato, tomato, eggplant, belladonna, chili pepper, and tobacco. The two species are native to Asi ... Read »


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    • Good manufacturing practice

    • Good manufacturing practices (GMP) are the practices required in order to conform to the guidelines recommended by agencies that control authorization and licensing for manufacture and sale of food, drug products, and active pharmaceutical products. These guidelines provide minimum requirements that a pharmaceutical or ... Read »


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    • Grape seed extract

    • Grape seed extract is an industrial derivative of whole grape seeds. The extract contains proanthocyanidins. In alternative medicine, grape seed extract is sold in dietary supplement form and claimed to have numerous health benefits which are not supported by sufficient medical evidence. GSE is being investigated for ... Read »


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    • Grapefruit seed extract

    • Grapefruit seed extract (GSE), also known as citrus seed extract, is a liquid extract derived from the seeds, pulp, and white membranes of grapefruit. Self-made natural GSE processed in the laboratory without synthetic agents is prepared by grinding the grapefruit seed and juiceless pulp, then mixing with glycerin. Com ... Read »


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    • Green coffee extract

    • Green coffee extract

      Green coffee extract is an extract of unroasted, green coffee beans. Green coffee extract has been used as a weight-loss supplement and as an ingredient in other weight-loss products. Its efficacy and mechanism of action have been the subject of controversy. There is tentative evidence of benefit; however, the quality ... Read »


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    • GU Energy Labs

    • GU Energy Labs

      GU Energy Labs is a company based in Berkeley, California, that produces performance sports nutrition products, most notably energy gels. Usually consumed during endurance events, the gels are designed to be quickly and easily digested. Other products include energy chews, drink mixes (called "brews"), brew tablets, an ... Read »


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    • Gynostemma pentaphyllum

    • Gynostemma pentaphyllum

      Gynostemma pentaphyllum, also called jiaogulan (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: 絞股藍, Pinyin: jiǎogǔlán), literally "stranded blue plant", is a dioecious, herbaceous climbing vine of the family Cucurbitaceae (cucumber or gourd family) indigenous to the southern reaches of China, northe ... Read »


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    • Haarlem oil

    • Haarlem oil (Dutch: haarlemmerolie), also called medicamentum gratia probatum, is a dietary supplement. The potion is a mixture of sulfur, herbs and terebinth oil. It is produced in Haarlem, Netherlands. It was invented in 1696 by Claes Tilly and was marketed as a cure for many ailments. The word haarlemmerolie (with ... Read »


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    • Hadacol

    • Hadacol was a patent medicine marketed as a vitamin supplement. Its principal attraction, however, was that it contained 12 percent alcohol (listed on the tonic bottle's label as a "preservative"), which made it quite popular in the dry counties of the southern United States. It was the product of four-term Louisiana S ... Read »


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    • HeightMax

    • HeightMax Concentrate and HeightMax Plus are purported height-enhancing pills for children and young adults marketed by Sunny Health Nutrition Technology & Products, Inc. On or about November 21, 2006, the Federal Trade Commission filed a complaint against Sunny Health Nutrition Technology & Products, Inc. and its own ... Read »


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    • Herbal Magic

    • Herbal Magic

      Herbal Magic is a Canadian weight loss and nutrition company based in Toronto, Ontario. Operating through a network of approximately 150 weight loss and nutrition centres across Canada, Herbal Magic is Canada's largest commercial weight loss company. The program includes one-on-one personal coaching, natural health pro ... Read »


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    • Herbal viagra

    • Herbal viagra is a name that can be given to any herbal product advertised as treating erectile dysfunction. The name "herbal viagra" is taken from the brand name Viagra, under which drug company Pfizer sells sildenafil citrate, a drug that is used to treat erectile dysfunction. Viagra has become a generic term for man ... Read »


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    • Herbalism

    • Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet. Plants have been the basis for medical treatments through much of human history, and such traditional medicine is still widely practiced today. Modern medicine recog ... Read »


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    • Huel

    • Huel

      Vitamin and mineral blend containing: Potassium (as Potassium Citrate), Chloride (as Potassium Chloride), Calcium (as Tricalcium Phosphate), Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid), Choline (as L-Choline Bitartrate), Vitamin E (as D-Alpha Tocopheruyl Acetate), Niacin (as Niacinamide), Pantothenic Acid (as Calcium-D-Panthotenate), ... Read »


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    • Hydrolysate

    • Hydrolysate refers to any product of hydrolysis. Protein hydrolysate has special application in sports medicine because its consumption allows amino acids to be absorbed by the body more rapidly than intact proteins, thus maximizing nutrient delivery to muscle tissues. It is also used in the biotechnology industry as a ... Read »


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    • Hydrolyzed collagen

    • Hydrolyzed collagen is a form of collagen and is also referred to as collagen hydrolysate, gelatine, gelatine hydrolysate, hydrolyzed gelatine, and collagen peptides. Hydrolyzed collagen is produced from collagen found in the bones, skin, and connective tissue of animals. The process of hydrolysis involves breakin ... Read »


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    • Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyric acid

    • β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid

      β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid (HMB), also known as β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate, is a naturally produced substance in humans that is used as dietary supplement and as an ingredient in some medical food products. HMB can reduce the loss of lean body mass in individuals experiencing age-related muscle loss, bu ... Read »


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    • Hydroxycitric acid

    • Hydroxycitric acid

      Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is a derivative of citric acid that is found in a variety of tropical plants including Garcinia cambogia and Hibiscus subdariffa. There are four isomers, (+)- and (-)-hydroxycitric acid, and (+)- and (-)-allo-hydroxycitric acid. The (-)-hydroxycitric acid isomer is the one found in Garcinia. ... Read »


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    • Hydroxycut

    • Hydroxycut

      Hydroxycut is a brand of dietary supplements that is marketed as a weight loss aid. Hydroxycut was originally developed and manufactured by MuscleTech Research and Development; MuscleTech was sold to Iovate Health Sciences in 2003–2004 and declared bankruptcy in 2005; Iovate continues to use MuscleTech as a brand ... Read »


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    • 5-Hydroxytryptophan

    • 5-Hydroxytryptophan

      5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), also known as oxitriptan (INN), is a naturally occurring amino acid and chemical precursor as well as a metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitters serotonin and melatonin from tryptophan. 5-HTP is sold over the counter in the United States, Canada, and the Unit ... Read »


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    • Ideos

    • Ideos is a dietary supplement, consisting of calcium in the form of calcium carbonate, as well as vitamin D3. It can be used in osteoporosis in patients at high risk of developing vitamin D and calcium deficiency. ... Read »


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    • Iron supplement

    • Iron supplement

      Iron supplements, also known as iron salts and iron pills, are a number of iron formulations used to treat and prevent iron deficiency including iron deficiency anemia. For prevention they are only recommended in those with poor absorption, heavy menstrual periods, pregnancy, hemodialysis, or a diet low in iron. Preven ... Read »


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    • Isomaltooligosaccharide

    • Isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO) is a mixture of short-chain carbohydrates which has a digestion-resistant property. IMO is found naturally in some foods, as well as being manufactured commercially. The raw material used for manufacturing IMO is starch, which is enzymatically converted into a mixture of isomaltooligosacch ... Read »


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    • Juice Plus

    • Juice Plus+ Garden Blend

      Juice Plus+ is a branded line of dietary supplements containing concentrated fruit and vegetable juice extracts fortified with added vitamins and nutrients. It is produced by Natural Alternatives International of San Marcos, California, for National Safety Associates (NSA; Collierville, Tennessee). Introduced in 1993, ... Read »


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    • Jujube

    • Jujube, raw

      Ziziphus jujuba (from Greek ζίζυφον, zízyphon), commonly called jujube (/ˈdʒuːdʒuːb/; sometimes jujuba), red date, Chinese date,Korean date, or Indian date is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). It is used primarily as a shade tree that also bears fruit. ... Read »


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    • Korea Ginseng Corporation

    • KGC (originally Korea Ginseng Corporation, Korea Ginseng Corp. Korean : 한국인삼공사, Hanguk Insam Gongsa) is a ginseng company in South Korea. KGC's sales volume share was 35% of total Korea's herbal/traditional products market in 2011. KGC produces popular Korean Red Ginseng products such ... Read »


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    • Kraut juice

    • Kraut juice (called Sauerkrautsaft in German, Zeamă de varză in Romanian or Rasol in Serbian and Bulgarian) is a beverage that consists of the liquid in which sauerkraut is cured. It is the juice of the vegetable itself and the pickling brine. It is widely available in many central and eastern European countries ... Read »


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    • Krill oil

    • Krill oil is an extract prepared from a species of Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba. Two of the most important components in krill oil are omega-3 fatty acids similar to those in fish oil, and phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFA), mainly phosphatidylcholine (alternatively referred to as marine lecithin). Studies ... Read »


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    • Lactagen

    • Lactagen was a nutritional supplement produced by Ritter Pharmaceuticals that claimed to reduce the symptoms of lactose intolerance. In 2011, Ritter Pharmaceuticals ceased sales of Lactagen, and other dietary supplements, in order to pursue FDA approval for a treatment for lactose intolerance. Symptoms said to be rel ... Read »


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    • Lactobacillus brevis

    • Lactobacillus brevis is a gram-positive, rod shaped species of lactic acid bacteria which is Heterofermentive, creating Co2 and lactic acid during Fermentation. There are approximately 16 different strains. It can be found in many different environments, such as fermented foods, and as normal microbiota. L.brevis is fo ... Read »


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    • Leptoprin

    • Leptoprin is a dietary supplement marketed by "A.G. Waterhouse", a subsidiary of Basic Research; Salt Lake City, Utah. It was formerly known as Anorex (see anorexia). There is also a less expensive "generic" version of the formulation called "Leptopril", which is advertised as being developed by "Generix Labs". The tw ... Read »


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    • Lingzhi mushroom

    • Lingzhi mushroom

      The lingzhi mushroom or reishi mushroom (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: língzhÄ«; Japanese: 霊芝; rōmaji: reishi; Vietnamese: linh chi; literally: "soul/spirit mushroom") is a species complex that encompasses several fungal species of the genus Ganoderma, most commonly the closely related species Ganode ... Read »


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    • Linseed oil

    • Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum). The oil is obtained by pressing, sometimes followed by solvent extraction. Linseed oil is a drying oil, meaning it can polymerize into a solid form. Due to its polyme ... Read »


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    • Lipo-flavonoid

    • Lipo-flavonoid (also Lipo-flavonoid Plus) is a dietary supplement created in 1961 by Smith, Miller, and Patch, which is marketed on the Internet and in television commercials. The manufacturer, Clarion Brands, claims that it improves circulation in the inner ear, as a means of combating tinnitus (ringing in the ears). ... Read »


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    • Lipozene

    • Lipozene is a brand name dietary supplement sold by Obesity Research Institute, LLC. The primary ingredient in Lipozene is glucomannan. Clinical trials examining the use of glucomannan for weight loss have produced mixed results. A 2014 systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials failed to show that glu ... Read »


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    • Lonicera japonica

    • Lonicera japonica

      Lonicera japonica, known as golden-and-silver honeysuckle or Japanese honeysuckle in English, suikazura(スイカズラ/吸い葛 or 忍冬) in Japanese, jinyinhua(金银花) or rendongteng(忍冬藤) in Chinese, indongdeonggul(인동덩굴) in Korean, an ... Read »


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    • Lycopene

    • Lycopene

      Lycopene from the neo-Latin lycopersicum, the tomato species, is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, although not in strawberries, or cherries. Although lycopene is chemically a carotene, it has no v ... Read »


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    • Magnesium malate

    • Magnesium malate

      Magnesium malate, the magnesium salt of malic acid, is a mineral supplement. ... Read »


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    • Mannan oligosaccharide-based nutritional supplements

    • Mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) based nutritional supplements are widely used in nutrition as a natural additive. MOS has been shown to improve gastrointestinal health as well as overall health, thus improving wellbeing, energy levels and performance. Most MOS products, particularly those that have been scientifically rev ... Read »


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    • Medicinal clay

    • The use of medicinal clay in folk medicine goes back to prehistoric times. Indigenous peoples around the world still use clay widely, which is related to geophagy. The first recorded use of medicinal clay goes back to ancient Mesopotamia. A wide variety of clays are used for medicinal purposes—primarily for exter ... Read »


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    • Mellin's Food


    • Met-Rx

    • MET-Rx is an American brand of nutritional supplements originally produced by Met-Rx, Inc., a California company started by Scott Connelly, and sold several times since. The brand is best known as the product to pioneer a new category of bodybuilding supplements known as meal replacement powders or MRPs. It was also i ... Read »


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    • Metabolife

    • Metabolife International, Inc., was a multi-level marketing company based in San Diego, California which manufactured dietary supplements. Metabolife's best-selling product, an ephedra-based supplement called Metabolife 356, once generated hundreds of millions of dollars in annual sales. However, Metabolife 356 and oth ... Read »


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    • Methylsulfonylmethane

    • Methylsulfonylmethane

      Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO2. It is also known by several other names including DMSO2, methyl sulfone, and dimethyl sulfone. This colorless solid features the sulfonyl functional group and is considered relatively inert chemically. It occurs naturally in some primit ... Read »


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    • Milo (drink)

    • Milo

      Milo /ˈmaɪloʊ/ is a chocolate and malt powder that is mixed with hot or cold water or milk to produce a beverage popular in many parts of the world. Produced by Nestlé, Milo was originally developed in Australia in 1934. It is marketed and sold in many countries. Most commonly sold as a powder in a green t ... Read »


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    • Myprotein

    • Myprotein

      Myprotein is a British manufacturer of sports nutrition products based in Cheshire, United Kingdom. Its range of 2,500 products covers health supplements and foods ranging from protein powders and vitamins to dietary supplements, protein bars and snacks. The majority of products sold by Myprotein are manufactured in-ho ... Read »


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    • Natural Products Association

    • Type Nonprofit Focus Natural products Location

      Dr. Daniel Fabricant, Ph.D., Executive Director and CEO Dr. Corey Hilmas, MD, Ph.D., Senior Vice President of Scientific and Regulatory Affairs The Natural Products Association or NPA (formerly the NNFA, or the National Nutritional Foods Association) is the largest and oldest nonprofit organization representing the i ... Read »


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    • Nutrament

    • Nutrament is a nutritional vitamin drink currently supplied by Nestlé Health Science. It was originally distributed by Mead Johnson Nutritionals, beginning in the late 1960s. Current flavors on the market are vanilla, chocolate, strawberry, coconut, banana, cappucino, dulce de leche, mango and eggnog. The product is ... Read »


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    • Nutrilite

    • Nutrilite is a brand of mineral, vitamin, and dietary supplements created in 1934 by Dr. Carl F. Rehnborg. Nutrilite products are currently manufactured by Access Business Group, a subsidiary of Alticor whose products are sold via the Amway worldwide. The Nutrilite brand is known as Nutriway in Denmark, Finland, Norway ... Read »


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    • NutriRice

    • NutriRice is a kind of recomposed fortified rice. The NutriRice process is a way of rice fortification utilized hot extrusion technology not only addresses the problem of hidden hunger but also meets the challenge of implementing rice fortification. Rice fortification presents numerous technical problems. Micronut ... Read »


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    • Nutriway

    • Nutrilite is a brand of mineral, vitamin, and dietary supplements created in 1934 by Dr. Carl F. Rehnborg. Nutrilite products are currently manufactured by Access Business Group, a subsidiary of Alticor whose products are sold via the Amway worldwide. The Nutrilite brand is known as Nutriway in Denmark, Finland, Norway ... Read »


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    • Papain

    • Papain

      Papain, also known as papaya proteinase I, is a cysteine protease (EC 3.4.22.2) enzyme present in papaya (Carica papaya) and mountain papaya (Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis). Papain belongs to a family of related proteins with a wide variety of activities, including endopeptidases, aminopeptidases, dipeptidyl pepti ... Read »


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    • Pea protein

    • Pea protein is a food with a neutral taste that is used in dairy alternatives such as cheeses and yogurt. It is extracted from the yellow pea, Pisum sativum, and has a typical legume amino acid profile. The genotype of the pea plants affects properties of the protein. Pea protein contains Legumin, which has some simil ... Read »


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    • Pharmavite

    • Pharmavite, LLC

      Pharmavite is a dietary supplements company based in Northridge, California. The company is the maker of Nature Made, a line of vitamins and nutritional supplements, and SOYJOY, a snack bar made from soy and fruit products. Pharmavite was founded in 1971 by Oluwason Henry Burdick and Barry Pressman. The Nature Made vi ... Read »


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    • Phaseolamin


    • Phosphatidylserine

    • Phosphatidylserine

      Phosphatidylserine (abbreviated Ptd-L-Ser or PS) is a phospholipid and is a component of the cell membrane. It plays a key role in cell cycle signaling, specifically in relationship to apoptosis. Phosphatidylserine is a phospholipid (more specifically a glycerophospholipid). It consists of two fatty acids attached ... Read »


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    • Plumpy'nut


    • Policosanol


    • Poly-MVA

    • Poly-MVA (or Lipoic Acid Mineral Complex) is a dietary supplement created by Merrill Garnett (1931–), a former dentist turned biochemist. Poly-MVA is an ineffective alternative cancer treatment. The "MVA" in "Poly-MVA" means "minerals vitamins and amino acids". Poly-MVA contains lipoic acid, acetylcysteine, p ... Read »


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    • Polygonatum

    • Polygonatum

      Polygonatum /ˌpɒlᵻˈɡɒnətəm/, also known as King Solomon's-seal or Solomon's seal, is a genus of flowering plants. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae). It has also been classified in the former fami ... Read »


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    • Porphyridium cruentum

    • Porphyridium cruentum is a species of red alga in the family Porphyridiophyceae. The microalga Porphyridium sp. (Rhodophyta) is a potential source for several products like fatty acids, lipids, cell-wall polysaccharides and pigments . The polysaccharides of this species are sulphated and their structure gives rise to ... Read »


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    • PowerBar

    • PowerBar, Inc. is an American maker of energy bars and other related products (particularly sports drinks, gel-based foodstuffs for distance athletes, and the Pria bars targeted at women. The PowerBar company was founded by Brian Maxwell, a Canadian athlete and entrepreneur and Mike McCollum, in his kitchen with M ... Read »


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    • Protandim

    • LifeVantage

      Protandim is a patenteddietary supplement marketed by LifeVantage Corporation (NASDAQ: LFVN; formerly LifeLine Therapeutics, Lifeline Nutraceuticals, and Yaak River Resources, Inc), a Utah-based multi-level marketing company. The manufacturers of Protandim claim the product can indirectly increase antioxidant activi ... Read »


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    • Pyridoxamine

    • Pyridoxamine

      Pyridoxamine is one form of vitamin B6. Chemically it is based on a pyridine ring structure, with hydroxyl, methyl, aminomethyl, and hydroxymethyl substituents. It differs from pyridoxine by the substituent at the 4-position. The phenol at position 3 and aminomethyl group at position 4 of its ring endow pyridoxamine wi ... Read »


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    • Radio Malt

    • Radio Malt was an early to mid-20th century brand of malt extract preparation that followed the Minadex trend. Produced by British Drug Houses, it contained vitamin A, aneurine hydrochloride, riboflavin, and calciferol. The contents were sickly sweet, with a consistency between molasses and treacle. It is much loved by ... Read »


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    • Rasol (cabbage brine)

    • Kraut juice (called Sauerkrautsaft in German, Zeamă de varză in Romanian or Rasol in Serbian and Bulgarian) is a beverage that consists of the liquid in which sauerkraut is cured. It is the juice of the vegetable itself and the pickling brine. It is widely available in many central and eastern European countries ... Read »


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    • Red yeast rice

    • Red yeast rice (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: hóng qÅ« mǐ; literally: "red yeast rice"), red rice koji (べにこうじ, lit. 'red koji') or akakoji (あかこぎ, also meaning 'red koji'), red fermented rice, red kojic rice, red koji rice, anka, or ang-kak, is ... Read »


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    • Rehmannia

    • Rehmannia

      See text Rehmannia is a genus of six species of flowering plants in the order Lamiales, endemic to China. The genus was included in the family Scrophulariaceae or Gesneriaceae in some older classifications. The current placement of the genus is in neither Scrophulariaceae s.s. nor Plantaginaceae s.l. (to which many o ... Read »


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    • Rejuvelac

    • Rejuvelac is a non-alcoholic fermented liquid made from sprouted grains. Because it is fermented, Rejuvelac contains beneficial bacteria and active enzymes, and thus it is reported to improve digestion of food. Rejuvelac can be drunk as a digestive aid or used as a starter culture for other fermented foods such as raw ... Read »


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    • Liquid Oxygen (supplement)

    • Liquid Oxygen is the name of a product that is a solution of hydrogen peroxide and other compounds including sodium chloride (common salt) that claims to help with "jet lag, fatigue, altitude sickness, headaches, hangovers, youthful skin, energy, and insomnia". Ken Harvey (professor), a member of the World Health Orga ... Read »


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    • Reliv

    • Reliv International, Inc.

      Reliv International, Inc. or Reliv, is a dietary supplement company that uses multilevel marketing for distribution. Based in Chesterfield, Missouri, Reliv sells its products through a network of independent distributors in 16 countries. Reliv was founded in 1988 by Robert and Sandy Montgomery. The Montgomerys lic ... Read »


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    • Royal jelly

    • Royal jelly is a honey bee secretion that is used in the nutrition of larvae, as well as adult queens. It is secreted from the glands in the hypopharynx of worker bees, and fed to all larvae in the colony, regardless of sex or caste. When worker bees decide to make a new queen, because the old one is either weakening ... Read »


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    • Saw palmetto extract

    • Saw palmetto extract is an extract of the fruit of the saw palmetto. It is rich in fatty acids and phytosterols. It has been used in traditional, eclectic, and alternative medicine to treat a variety of conditions, in particular benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Reviews of clinical trials, including those conducted b ... Read »


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    • Schisandra chinensis

    • Schisandra chinensis

      Schisandra chinensis (common name: magnolia-vine, Chinese magnolia-vine, schisandra), whose fruit is called magnolia berry or five-flavor-fruit, (from Chinese wǔ wèi zi) is a deciduous woody vine native to forests of Northern China and the Russian Far East. It is hardy in USDA Zone 4. The plant likes some shade w ... Read »


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    • Senna obtusifolia

    • Senna obtusifolia

      Numerous, see text Senna obtusifolia (Chinese senna, American sicklepod or sicklepod) is a legume in the genus Senna, sometimes separated in the monotypic genus Diallobus. It grows wild in North, Central, and South America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania, and is considered a particularly serious weed in many places. It has ... Read »


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    • Serovera

    • Serovera is a nutritional supplement marketed by TeamTrade, Inc., Serovera products were formaulated to support immune and digestive health. It is sold at retailers as well as through direct internet marketing. Currently sold in the United States with the stabilized and isolated agent aloe mucilaginous polysaccharide, ... Read »


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    • Shark cartilage

    • Shark cartilage is a dietary supplement made from the dried and powdered cartilage of a shark; that is, from the tough material that composes a shark's skeleton. Shark cartilage is marketed under a variety of brand names, including Carticin, Cartilade, or BeneFin, and is marketed explicitly or implicitly as a treatment ... Read »


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    • Sho-saiko-to

    • Sho-Saiko-To or SST (Japanese: 小柴胡湯), also known as Minor Bupuleurum Formula and Xiao Chai Hu Tang in Chinese小柴胡汤, is a herbal supplement, believed to enhance liver health. Sho-Saiko-To is a widely used prescription drug in Japan and is a listed formula in Japanese Kampo. There a ... Read »


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    • SierraSil

    • SierraSil

      SierraSil is a dietary supplement that is a cocktail of various minerals that is marketed as providing pain-free motion by Sierra Mountain Minerals Inc., a Canadian company founded in 2003. It is ineffective for relieving symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee. ... Read »


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    • Siraitia grosvenorii

    • Siraitia grosvenorii

      Momordica grosvenorii SwingleThladiantha grosvenorii (Swingle) C.Jeffrey Siraitia grosvenorii (luo han guo or monk fruit) is a herbaceous perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family, native to southern China and northern Thailand. The plant is cultivated for its fruit, whose extract is nearly 300 times sweeter ... Read »


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    • Sister Lauras Food Supplement

    • In the early 1900s Sister Laura Marian Smith, a nurse at the Glasgow Royal Maternity Hospital, noted the high levels of malnutrition in children at the time, and is credited with promoting the use of a Casein inhibitor to make cows milk more beneficial to those who had extreme difficulty in digesting it. By creating a ... Read »


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    • Slow Cow

    • Slow Cow

      Slow Cow is a relaxation beverage produced in Quebec, Canada by the company Slow Cow Drink Inc. Dubbed an "anti-energy" drink, it was created to "help people slow down" and parodied Red Bull by using packaging similar to that of the popular energy drink. Slow Cow was launched in Quebec in December 2008, with plans to s ... Read »


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    • Sobrietol

    • Sobrietol is a North American brand of nutritional supplement marketed as a remedy for hangovers and to prevent symptoms associated with alcohol flush reaction. The list of ingredients includes the enzymes quinoptotein alcohol dehydrogenase (QADH) and quinoprotein aldehyde dehydrogenase (QALDH) from Glucanobacter subox ... Read »


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    • Sodium ferulate

    • Sodium ferulate

      Sodium ferulate (SF), the sodium salt of ferulic acid, is a drug used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and to prevent thrombosis. It is found in the root of Angelica sinensis. It is considered safe and effective. Ferulic acid can also be extracted from the roo ... Read »


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    • Sodium selenite

    • Sodium selenite

      Sodium selenite is the inorganic compound with the formula Na2SeO3. This salt is a colourless solid. The pentahydrate Na2SeO3(H2O)5 is the most common water-soluble selenium compound. Sodium selenite usually is prepared by the reaction of selenium dioxide with sodium hydroxide: The hydrate converts to the anhydro ... Read »


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    • Soylent (food)

    • Soylent

      Soylent is a brand of meal replacement products that are advertised for consumption as "staple meals", and are available in the U.S. and Canada as a pre-mixed beverage or in powdered form for mixing with water. It was introduced in 2014 after a crowdfunding campaign that generated nearly $1.5 million in preorders. Its ... Read »


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    • Spirulina (dietary supplement)

    • Spirulina represents a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that can be consumed by humans and other animals. There are two species, Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima. Arthrospira is cultivated worldwide; used as a dietary supplement as well as a whole food; and is also available in tablet, flake and ... Read »


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    • Sports drink

    • Sports drinks are beverages whose stated purpose is to help athletes replace water, electrolytes, and energy before and after training or competition, though their efficacy for that purpose has been questioned, particularly after exercise. Sports drinks can be split into three major types: Most sports drinks are ... Read »


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    • Sports nutrition

    • Sports Nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet with regards to a person's athletic performance. Nutrition is an important part of many sports training regimens, being most popular in strength sports (such as weight lifting and bodybuilding) and endurance sports (e.g. cycling, running, swimming, rowing ... Read »


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    • Sustagen

    • Sustagen is nutritional supplement beverage brand, manufactured by Mead Johnson Company for the Australian and New Zealand markets. Sustagen is equivalent to the Boost Energy Drink sold by Nestle in the United States and United Kingdom (not to be confused with the energy drink Boost sold by the company of the same name ... Read »


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    • The Protein Works

    • The Protein Works

      The Protein Works is a British online retailer and manufacturer of sports nutrition brand, based in Cheshire, England. Selling a variety of products their portfolio ranges from sports nutrition and weight management to health and wellbeing. The Protein Works currently distributes to over 30 countries throughout Europe ... Read »


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    • Theramine

    • Theramine is amino acids sold together in combination with other medications. In 2010 the FDA send the manufacturer, Physician Therapeutics, a warning as the substance did not have approved uses. ... Read »


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    • Therapeutic food

    • Therapeutic foods are foods designed for specific, usually nutritional, therapeutic purposes as a form of dietary supplement. The primary examples of therapeutic foods are used for emergency feeding of malnourished children or to supplement the diets of persons with special nutrition requirements, such as the elderly. ... Read »


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    • BioGaia® logo PMS 296.png


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  • What Else?

    • Dietary supplements

Extras