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    Curricula

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    • Academic courses at the University of Cambridge

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    • Great Books

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    • Academic courses at the University of Oxford

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Academic courses at the University of Oxford


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    • Phonics curricula

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    • Specific University Curricula

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    • Course atlas

    • A course atlas is an online repository of credit and noncredit education courses offered by one to many educational providers across a state, region, country or around the world to facilitate course planning. Courses listed in the course atlas database reflect the availability of what educational providers offer the pu ... Read »


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    • Course equivalency

    • Course equivalency is the term used in higher education describing how a course offered by one college or university relates to a course offered by another. If a course is viewed as equal or more challenging in subject and course material than the course offered by the receiving college or university, the course can be ... Read »


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    • Learnscapes

    • Learnscapes are defined as “places where a learning program has been designed to permit users to interact with the environment”. Their purpose is to promote and extend environmental awareness, by presenting biodiversity as the basis for environmental conservation and ecologically sustainable development. This ... Read »


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    • Transfer credit

    • Transfer credit, credit transfer, or advanced standing are the terms used by colleges and universities for the procedure of granting credit to a student for educational experiences or courses undertaken at another institution. "Advanced standing" is also used to describe the status of a student granted credit, as dist ... Read »


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    • Curriculum

    • In education, a curriculum (/kəˈrɪkjᵿləm/; plural: curricula /kəˈrɪkjᵿlə/ or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process. The term often refers specifically to a planned sequence of instruction, or to a view of the studen ... Read »


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    • 21st century skills

    • 21st century skills are a series of higher-order skills, abilities, and learning dispositions that have been identified as being required for success in 21st century society and workplaces by educators, business leaders, academics, and governmental agencies. This is part of a growing international movement focusing on ... Read »


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    • Active learning

    • Active learning is a teaching method that strives to more directly involve students in the learning process. The term active learning "was introduced by the English scholar R W Revans (1907–2003)." Bonwell (1991) "states that in active learning, students participate in the process and students participate when th ... Read »


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    • Articulation (education)

    • Articulation, or more specifically course articulation, is the process of comparing the content of courses that are transferred between postsecondary institutions such as TAFE institutes, colleges or universities. In other words, course articulation is the process by which one institution matches its courses or require ... Read »


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    • Arts integration

    • Arts integration is an approach to teaching that integrates the fine and performing arts as primary pathways to learning. Arts integration differs from traditional education by its inclusion of both the arts discipline and a traditional subject as part of learning (e.g. using improvisational drama skills to learn about ... Read »


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    • Australian Curriculum

    • The Australian Curriculum is a national curriculum for all primary and secondary schools in Australia under progressive development, review, and implementation. The curriculum is developed and reviewed by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority, an independent statutory body. Since 2014 all states ... Read »


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    • Backward design

    • Backward Design is a method of designing educational curriculum by setting goals before choosing instructional methods and forms of assessment. Backward design of curriculum typically involves three stages: Backward design challenges "traditional" methods of curriculum planning. In traditional curriculum planning, a l ... Read »


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    • Behavioral cusp

    • A behavioral cusp is any behavior change that brings an organism's behavior into contact with new contingencies that have far-reaching consequences. A behavioral cusp is a special type of behavior change because it provides the learner with opportunities to access new reinforcers, new contingencies, new environments, n ... Read »


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    • Block scheduling

    • Block scheduling is a type of academic scheduling in which each student has fewer classes per day. It is more common in middle and high schools than in primary schools. Each class is scheduled for a longer period of time than normal (e.g. 90 minutes instead of 50). In one form of block scheduling, a single class will m ... Read »


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    • Bootstrap curriculum

    • Bootstrap is a curriculum for students ages 12–16, teaching algebraic concepts through coding. By the end of the curriculum, each student has designed their own video game using the concepts (e.g. - order of operations, linear functions, function composition, the pythagorean theorem, inequalities in the plane, pie ... Read »


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    • Career Clusters

    • Career Clusters provide students with a context for studying traditional academics and learning the skills specific to a career, and provide U.S. schools with a structure for organizing or restructuring curriculum offerings and focusing class make-up by a common theme such as interest. In the U.S. Department of Educat ... Read »


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    • College preparatory course

    • A College preparatory course is a means by which college bound high school students may better meet the more stringent scholastic requirements for entry into colleges and universities. Students taking college-preparatory courses may have an increased quantity of classwork, and expectations to achieve are at a higher le ... Read »


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    • Connections Academy

    • Connections Academy

      Connections Academy is an online school provider for grades K-12. It is based in Baltimore and is a division of Connections Education, LLC, which is owned by the UK-based, publicly traded Pearson PLC. It supports public online schools for grades K-12 across the United States. A private online school, International Conn ... Read »


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    • Continuing education unit

    • A continuing education unit (CEU) or continuing education credit (CEC) is a measure used in continuing education programs to assist the professional to maintain his or her license in their profession. Continuing education or professional development is required in many fields, including teachers, insurance professional ... Read »


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    • Contract grading

    • Contract grading is a form of grading which results from cooperation between an instructor and his or her student, and entails contracted number of assignments of specified quality that correspond to specific letter grades. Contract grading may be contrasted with other grading methods, such as grading on a curve or per ... Read »


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    • Cooperative learning

    • Cooperative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. There is much more to cooperative learning than merely arranging students into groups, and it has been described as "structuring positive interdependence." Students must work in gro ... Read »


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    • Course (education)

    • In higher education in Canada and the United States, a course is a unit of teaching that typically lasts one academic term, is led by one or more instructors (teachers or professors), and has a fixed roster of students. A course is usually an individual subject. Students may receive a grade and academic credit after co ... Read »


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    • CSCOPE (education)

    • CSCOPE is a K-12 educational curriculum support system that has been widely adopted in Texas. It was created by the Texas Education Service Center Curriculum Collaborative (TESCCC). Nineteen out of twenty education regions in Texas have districts that use CSCOPE, and as of January 2, 2011 there were 747 school dis ... Read »


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    • Culturally relevant teaching

    • Culturally relevant or responsive teaching is a pedagogy grounded in teachers' displaying cultural competence: skill at teaching in a cross-cultural or multicultural setting. They enable each student to relate course content to his or her cultural context. While the term culturally relevant teaching often deals specif ... Read »


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    • Curriculum and Standards Framework

    • The Curriculum and Standards Framework (CSF) was developed for teachers Victoria, Australia. It was introduced in Victorian schools in 1995 and republished in 2000 as the CSF II. It was superseded by the Victorian Essential Learning Standards (VELS) program in 2006. The CSF described what students in Victorian schools ... Read »


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    • Curriculum development

    • Curriculum development is a process of improving the curriculum. Various approaches have been used in developing curricula. Commonly used approaches consist of analysis (i.e. need analysis, task analysis), design (i.e. objective design), (i.e. choosing appropriate learning/teaching methods and appropriate assessment m ... Read »


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    • Curriculum for Excellence

    • Curriculum for Excellence is the national curriculum for Scottish schools for learners from age 3 to 18. It was developed out of a 2002 consultation exercise – the 'National Debate on Education' – undertaken by the then Scottish Executive on the state of school education. In response to the National Debate, M ... Read »


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    • Curriculum mapping

    • Curriculum mapping is a procedure for reviewing the operational curriculum as it is entered into an electronic database at any education setting. It is based largely on the work of Heidi Hayes Jacobs in Mapping the Big Picture: Integrating Curriculum and Assessment K-12 (ASCD, 1997) and Getting Results with Curriculum ... Read »


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    • Curriculum studies

    • Curriculum studies (CS) is a concentration within curriculum and instruction concerned with understanding curricula as an active force of human educational experience. Specific questions related to curriculum studies include the following: Proponents of CS also investigate the relationship between curriculum theory a ... Read »


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    • Curriculum theory

    • Curriculum theory (CT) is an academic discipline devoted to examining and shaping educational curricula. There are many interpretations of CT, being as narrow as the dynamics of the learning process of one child in a classroom to the lifelong learning path an individual takes. CT can be approached from the educational, ... Read »


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    • Curriki

    • Curriki is an online, free, open education service. Curriki is structured as a nonprofit organization to provide open educational resources primarily in support of K-12 education. Curricula and instructional materials are available at the Curriki website to teachers, professional educators, students, lifelong learners, ... Read »


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    • Dance education

    • Dance education is the transferring of dance performance skills and knowledge of dance to students through teaching and training, or acquiring such knowledge and skills through research. In general, a dance education curriculum is designed to impart dance performance skills, or knowledge of dance, or both to stude ... Read »


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    • Dars-i Nizami

    • Dars-i Nizami (Urdu: درسِ نظامی‎) is a study curriculum or system used in traditional Islamic institutions (madrassas) and Dar Ul Ulooms, which originated in the Indian subcontinent in the 19th century and can now also be found in parts of South Africa, Canada, the United States, the Car ... Read »


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    • Directed individual study

    • Directed Individual Study or DIS is a college, university or college preparatory school level class providing a more in-depth and comprehensive study of a specific topic than is available in the classroom. Courses may be taken as electives. In some cases, a Directed Individual Study may be: In general, a student ... Read »


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    • Emergent curriculum

    • Emergent curriculum is a philosophy of teaching and way of planning curriculum that focuses on being responsive to children's interests to create meaningful learning experiences. It can be practiced at any grade level. This philosophy prioritizes active participation, relationship building, flexible and adaptable metho ... Read »


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    • Everyday Mathematics

    • Everyday Mathematics is a pre-K and elementary school mathematics curriculum developed by the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project (not to be confused with the University of Chicago School of Mathematics). The program, now published by McGraw-Hill Education, has sparked debate. Everyday Mathematics cur ... Read »


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    • Financial Literacy Curriculum

    • Many financial institutions, governments and independent organizations have developed financial literacy curricula. A financial literacy curriculum teaches basic financial skills to students of various age groups. Some curricula are age specific while others seeks to teach universal principles to those of all ages. De ... Read »


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    • First-year composition

    • First-year composition (sometimes known as freshman composition or freshman writing) is an introductory core curriculum writing course in American colleges. This course focuses on improving students' abilities to write in a university setting and introduces students to writing practices in the disciplines and professio ... Read »


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    • Foundation programme

    • The UK Foundation Programme is a two-year structured programme of workplace-based learning for junior doctors that forms a bridge between medical school and specialty training. The programme aims to provide a safe, well-supervised environment for doctors to put into practice what they learned in medical school. It prov ... Read »


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    • Four Cs of 21st century learning

    • The Four Cs of 21st century learning, also known as the Four Cs or 4 Cs, are four skills that have been identified by the United States-based Partnership for 21st Century Skills (P21) as the most important skills required for 21st century education: critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity. Thes ... Read »


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    • Period (school)

    • A school period is a block of time allocated for lessons, classes in schools. They typically last between 40 and 60 minutes, with around 3-8 periods per school day. However, especially in higher education, there can be many more. Educators determine the number and length of these periods, and may even regulate how each ... Read »


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    • Great books

    • The great books are books that are thought to constitute an essential foundation in the literature of Western culture. Specified sets of great books typically range from 100–150, though they differ according to purpose and context. For instance, some lists are built to be read by undergraduates in a college semest ... Read »


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    • Harvard Project Physics

    • Harvard Project Physics, also called Project Physics, was a national curriculum development project to create a secondary school physics education program in the United States during the Cold War era. The project was active from 1962 to 1972, and produced the Project Physics series of texts, which were used in phy ... Read »


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    • Hidden curriculum

    • A hidden curriculum is a side effect of an education, "[lessons] which are learned but not openly intended" such as the transmission of norms, values, and beliefs conveyed in the classroom and the social environment. Any learning experience may teach unintended lessons. Hidden curriculum often refers to knowledge gain ... Read »


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    • The Hidden Curriculum

    • The Hidden Curriculum (1970) is a book by the psychiatrist Benson R. Snyder, the then-Dean of Institute Relations at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Snyder advances a thesis that much of campus conflict and students' personal anxiety is caused by a unstated academic and social norms. These hidden norms affec ... Read »


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    • HighScope

    • The HighScope early childhood education approach, used in preschool, kindergarten, childcare, or elementary school settings, was developed in Ypsilanti, Michigan in 1970. It is now common there and in some other countries. The philosophy behind HighScope is based on child development theory and research, originally dr ... Read »


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    • Instructional design

    • Instructional design, or instructional systems design (ISD), is the practice of creating "instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective, and appealing." The process consists broadly of determining the state and needs of the learner, defining the end goal of instru ... Read »


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    • K12 (company)

    • K12 Inc.

      K12 Inc. is a for-profit education company that sells online schooling and curriculum to state and local governments. Its educational products and services are designed as alternatives to traditional "bricks and mortar" education for public school students from kindergarten to 12th grade. K12 is a publicly traded educa ... Read »


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    • Learning standards

    • Learning standards (also called academic standards, content standards and curricula) are elements of declarative, procedural, schematic, and strategic knowledge that, as a body, define the specific content of an educational program. Standards are usually composed of statements that express what a student knows, can do, ... Read »


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    • Lies My Teacher Told Me

    • Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong

      Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong is a 1995 book by James W. Loewen, a sociologist. It critically examines twelve popular American high school history textbooks and concludes that the textbook authors propagate false, Eurocentric and mythologized views of American history. In ... Read »


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    • Man: A Course of Study

    • Man: A Course of Study, usually known by the acronym MACOS or M.A.C.O.S., was an American humanities teaching program, popular in America and Britain in the 1970s. It was based upon the theories of Jerome Bruner, particularly his concept of the "spiral curriculum". This suggested that a concept might be taught repeated ... Read »


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    • Mahmoud Mehrmohammadi

    • Mahmoud Mehrmohammadi

      Mahmoud Mehrmohammadi (Persian: محمود مهرمحمدی‎‎) is Acting president at Farhangian University in Iran. He is an educational scholar, curriculum theorist and faculty member of Tarbiat Modares University. The domain of his activities and studies is education and his respo ... Read »


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    • National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools

    • The National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools (NCBCPS) is a nonprofit, fundamentalist religious organization that promotes the use of its 300-page Bible curriculum, The Bible in History and Literature, in schools throughout the United States. It has been criticized as being inaccurate, and presenting biase ... Read »


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    • National Curriculum (England, Wales and Northern Ireland)

    • The National Curriculum was introduced into England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a nationwide curriculum for primary and secondary state schools following the Education Reform Act (1988). Notwithstanding its name, it does not apply to independent schools. Academies and free schools may also set their own curricula, t ... Read »


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    • National Curriculum for England

    • The National Curriculum for England was first introduced by the Education Reform Act of 1988. At the time of its introduction the legislation applied to both England and Wales. However, education later became a devolved matter for the Welsh government. The current statutory National Curriculum dates from 2014 at which ... Read »


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    • National Curriculum for Wales

    • The National Curriculum was first introduced in Wales as part of the Education Reform Act 1988, alongside the equivalent curriculum for England. Following devolution in 1999, education became a matter for the Welsh government. Consequently, some elements of the system are different from those in England. Schooling ... Read »


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    • Northern Ireland Curriculum

    • The National Curriculum of Northern Ireland identifies the minimum requirements of skills for each subject and the range of contexts, opportunities and activities through which these skills should be developed and applied. Language and Literacy Mathematics and Numeracy The Arts The World Around Us Personal Develop ... Read »


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    • Open-source curriculum

    • An open-source curriculum (OSC) is an online instructional resource that can be freely used, distributed and modified. OSC is based on the open-source practice of creating products or software that opens up access to source materials or codes. Applied to education, this process invites feedback and participation from d ... Read »


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    • Outcome-based education

    • Outcome-based education (OBE) is an educational theory that bases each part of an educational system around goals (outcomes). By the end of the educational experience, each student should have achieved the goal. There is no single specified style of teaching or assessment in OBE; instead, classes, opportunities, and as ... Read »


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    • Passive learning

    • Passive learning is a method of learning or instruction where students receive information from the instructor and internalize it, often through some form of memorization or rote learning, and "where the learner receives no feedback from the instructor". The term is often used together with direct instruction and lectu ... Read »


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    • Physics First

    • Physics First is an educational program that teaches a basic physics course in the ninth grade (usually 15-year-olds), rather than the biology course which is more standard in public schools. This course relies on the limited math skills that the students have from pre-algebra and algebra I. With these skills students ... Read »


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    • William Pinar

    • William Pinar (born 1947) is an American educator, curriculum theorist and international studies scholar. Known for his work in the area of curriculum theory, Pinar is strongly associated with the reconceptualist movement in curriculum theory since the early 1970s. In the early 1970s, along with Madeleine Grumet, Pinar ... Read »


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    • Purpose-centered education

    • Purpose-centered education (PCE) is a pedagogical model developed by Audrey Cohen and her colleagues at the College for Human Services, now Metropolitan College of New York, PCE blends theory and practice in students’ jobs and lives to produce graduates with a guiding vision of social justice and continues to unde ... Read »


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    • READ 180

    • READ 180 is a reading intervention program in wide use by students in Grades 4–12 who read at least two years below grade level. It was created by Scholastic Corporation. In 2011, Scholastic released its newest version, READ 180 Next Generation, which has been fully aligned to meet the demands of the Common Core S ... Read »


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    • Schools Curriculum (India)

    • Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state and local. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. Th ... Read »


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    • Small Learning Community

    • A Small Learning Community (SLC), also referred to as a School-Within-A-School, is a school organizational model that is an increasingly common form of learning environment in American secondary schools to subdivide large school populations into smaller, autonomous groups of students and teachers. SLCs can also be phys ... Read »


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    • William Spady

    • William Spady is the head of ChangeLeaders. William Spady is a sociologist and the self-proclaimed father of Outcome-Based Education (OBE). OBE is referred to by over 20 different names including Systemic education restructuring, Performance Based Education, Standards based education reform, High Performance Learning, ... Read »


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    • Spatial intelligence (psychology)

    • Spatial Intelligence is an area in the theory of multiple intelligences that deals with spatial judgment and the ability to visualize with the mind's eye. It is defined by Howard Gardner as a human computational capacity that provides the ability or mental skill to solve spatial problems of navigation, visualization of ... Read »


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    • Student-centred learning

    • Student-centered learning, also known as learner-centered education, broadly encompasses methods of teaching that shift the focus of instruction from the teacher to the student. In original usage, student-centered learning aims to develop learner autonomy and independence by putting responsibility for the learning pat ... Read »


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    • Syllabus

    • A syllabus (pl. syllabuses or syllabi) is an outline and of topics to be covered in an education or training course. It is descriptive (unlike the prescriptive or specific curriculum). A syllabus may be set out by an exam board or prepared by the professor who supervises or controls course quality. It may be provided ... Read »


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    • Theory of multiple intelligences

    • The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates intelligence into specific 'modalities', rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability. Howard Gardner proposed this model in his 1983 book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. According to Gardner, an intelligence must fulf ... Read »


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    • Traditional education

    • Traditional education, also known as back-to-basics, conventional education or customary education, refers to long-established customs that society traditionally used in schools. Some forms of education reform promote the adoption of progressive education practices, a more holistic approach which focuses on individual ... Read »


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    • Twenty First Century Science

    • Twenty First Century Science is a syllabus of GCSE Sciences, which was trialed before released into schools. Teaching of this syllabus began in September 2006. It is run by the OCR examination board and covers Biology, Chemistry and Physics. ... Read »


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