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  • Culture-bound syndromes

    Culture-bound syndromes

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Culture-bound syndromes

    • Behavioral addiction

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Behavioral addiction


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    • Factitious disorders

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Factitious disorders


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    • Culture-bound syndrome

    • In medicine and medical anthropology, a culture-bound syndrome, culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or culture. There are no objective biochemical or structural alterations of body ... Read »


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    • Amafufunyana

    • Amafufunyana is an unspecified "culture-bound" syndrome named by the traditional healers of the Xhosa people that relates to claims of demonic possession due to members of the Xhosa people exhibiting aberrant behavior and psychological concerns. After study, it was discovered that this term is directed toward people su ... Read »


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    • Anorexia mirabilis

    • Anorexia mirabilis literally means "miraculous lack of appetite". It refers almost exclusively to women and girls of the Middle Ages who would starve themselves, sometimes to the point of death, in the name of God. The phenomenon is also known by the name inedia prodigiosa ("prodigious fasting"). Anorexia mirabili ... Read »


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    • Anorexia nervosa

    • Anorexia nervosa

      Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by a low weight, fear of gaining weight, a strong desire to be thin, and food restriction. Many people with anorexia see themselves as overweight even though they are in fact underweight. If asked they usually deny they have a p ... Read »


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    • Ataque de nervios

    • Ataque de nervios (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈtake ðe ˈnerβjos], Portuguese: ataque de nervos, pronounced: [ɐˈtaki dʒi ˈneʁvus] or [ɐˈtakɨ ðɨ ˈneɾvuʃ], also known as "Puerto Rican syndrome") is a psychological syndrome most associated in the United States with Spa ... Read »


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    • Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder


    • Bouffée délirante


    • Brain fag syndrome

    • Brain fag syndrome (BFS) was described by RH Prince in 1960. It was first discovered in Nigeria, describing high school and university students with symptoms including somatic, sleep-related and cognitive complaints, head and neck pains, difficulty in concentrating and retaining information, and eye pain. It is caused ... Read »


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    • Bulimia nervosa

    • Bulimia nervosa

      Bulimia nervosa, also known as simply bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging. Binge eating refers to eating a large amount of food in a short amount of time. Purging refers to the attempts to get rid of the food consumed. This may be done by vomiting or taking laxatives. Other ... Read »


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    • Couvade syndrome

    • Couvade syndrome, also called sympathetic pregnancy, is a proposed condition in which a partner experiences some of the same symptoms and behavior as an expectant mother. These most often include minor weight gain, altered hormone levels, morning nausea, and disturbed sleep patterns. In more extreme cases, symptoms can ... Read »


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    • Daughter from California syndrome

    • "Daughter from California" syndrome is a phrase used in the medical profession to describe a situation in which a long-lost distant relative arrives at the hospital at which his or her dying elderly relative is being treated, and insists that the medical team pursue aggressive measures to prolong the patient's life, or ... Read »


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    • Dhat syndrome

    • Dhat syndrome (Sanskrit: धातु दोष, IAST: Dhātu doá¹£a) is a condition found in the cultures of the Indian subcontinent in which male patients report that they suffer from premature ejaculation or impotence, and believe that they are passing semen in their urine. The condition ha ... Read »


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    • Dorian Gray syndrome

    • The Dorian Gray syndrome (DGS) denotes a cultural and societal phenomenon characterized by a man's extreme pride in his personal appearance and the fitness of his physique, which are accompanied by difficulties in coping with the requirements of psychological maturation and with the aging of his body. The DGS is chara ... Read »


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    • Exercise bulimia

    • Exercise bulimia is a subset of the psychological disorder called bulimia in which a person is compelled to exercise in an effort aimed at burning the calories of food energy and fat reserves to an excessive level that negatively affects their health. The damage normally occurs through not giving the body adequate rest ... Read »


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    • Falling-out

    • Falling-out is a culture-bound syndrome primarily reported in the southern United States and the Caribbean. It is described as a constricted consciousness as a psychological response to anxiety and specific stressors. Sudden collapse characterizes episodes of falling-out, whether without warning or preceded by dizzines ... Read »


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    • Glass delusion

    • The glass delusion is an external manifestation of a psychiatric disorder recorded in Europe mainly in the late Middle Ages and early modern period (15th to 17th centuries). People feared that they were made of glass “and therefore likely to shatter into pieces”. One famous early sufferer was King Charles VI ... Read »


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    • Grisi siknis

    • Grisi siknis (in Miskito language, from the English, means "crazy sickness") is a contagious, culture-bound syndrome that occurs predominantly among the Miskito People of eastern Central America and affects mainly young women. It is also known as "grisi munaia", "Chipil siknis" and "Nil siknis". More recently cases occ ... Read »


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    • Hi-wa itck

    • Hi-wa itck is a tradition concerning lovesickness mostly associated with the Mohave American Indians. This syndrome is associated with the separation of a loved one and the symptoms include insomnia, depression and loss of appetite and possibly suicide. Hi-wa itck was typically experienced by men, especially older men ... Read »


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    • Hwabyeong

    • Hwabyeong or Hwabyung is a Koreansomatization disorder, a mental illness which arises when people are unable to confront their anger as a result of conditions which they perceive to be unfair. Hwabyung is loosely used as the name of the disease, as it is actually more of a name regarding the cause. Hwabyung is known as ... Read »


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    • Hypergymnasia

    • Anorexia athletica (sports anorexia), also referred to as hypergymnasia is an eating disorder characterized by excessive and compulsive exercise. An athlete suffering from sports anorexia tends to over exercise to give themselves a sense of having control over their body. Most often, people with the disorder tend to fe ... Read »


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    • Iich'aa


    • Jerusalem syndrome

    • Jerusalem syndrome is a group of mental phenomena involving the presence of either religiously themed obsessive ideas, delusions or other psychosis-like experiences that are triggered by a visit to the city of Jerusalem. It is not endemic to one single religion or denomination but has affected Jews, Christians and Musl ... Read »


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    • Jumping Frenchmen of Maine

    • The Jumping Frenchmen of Maine were a group of 19th-century lumberjacks who exhibited a rare disorder of unknown origin. The syndrome entails an exaggerated startle reflex which may be described as an uncontrollable "jump"; individuals with this condition can exhibit sudden movements in all parts of the body. Jumping F ... Read »


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    • Juramentado

    • Juramentado, in Philippine history, refers to a male Moro swordsman who attacked and killed targeted occupying and invading police and soldiers, expecting to be killed himself, the martyrdom undertaken as an unorthodox form of personal offensive jihad, considered a form of suicide attack. Unlike an amok, who commits ac ... Read »


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    • Karōshi


    • Koro (medicine)

    • Koro is a culture-specific syndrome delusional disorder in which an individual has an overpowering belief that one's genitalia are retracting and will disappear, despite the lack of any true longstanding changes to the genitals. Koro is also known as shrinking penis, and it is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical M ... Read »


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    • Latah

    • Latah, from Southeast Asia, is a condition in which abnormal behaviors result from a person experiencing a sudden shock. When surprised, the affected person typically engages in such behaviors as screaming, cursing, dancing type movements, and uncontrollable laughter, and will typically mimic the words or actions of th ... Read »


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    • Little Emperor Syndrome

    • The Little Emperor Syndrome (or Little Emperor Effect) is an aspect/view of China's one-child policy where only children gain seemingly excessive amounts of attention from their parents and grandparents. Combined with increased spending power within the family unit and parents' general desire for their child to experie ... Read »


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    • Clinical lycanthropy

    • Clinical lycanthropy is defined as a rare psychiatric syndrome that involves a delusion that the affected person can transform into, has transformed into, or is a non-human animal. Its name is associated with the mythical condition of lycanthropy, a supernatural affliction in which humans are said to physically shapesh ... Read »


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    • Muscle dysmorphia

    • Muscle dysmorphia, sometimes called "bigorexia", "megarexia", or "reverse anorexia", is a subtype of body dysmorphic disorder, but is often also grouped with eating disorders. Affecting mostly males, and many athletes, muscle dysmorphia is obsessive preoccupation via delusional or exaggerated belief that one's own body ... Read »


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    • New World Syndrome

    • New World Syndrome is a set of non-communicable diseases brought on by consumption of junk food and a sedentary lifestyle, especially common to the indigenous peoples of the "New World" (i.e. of the Americas). Indigenous peoples of Oceania and Circumpolar peoples, and perhaps other populations of Asiatic origin are sim ... Read »


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    • Nowhere girls

    • “Nowhere Girls” or “Mei Nu”(Chinese: 沒女)is an neologism coined to describe women who have no money, no job, no education, no prospects, no looks, no friends and no sophistication. The pinyin and pronunciation of “Nowhere Girls” is the same as that of “Beautiful Gir ... Read »


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    • Opsophagos

    • Opsophagos was a type of ancient Greek person exhibited a seemingly uncontrollable desire for opson or 'relishes.' The vice of the opsophagos was opsophagia for which the closest English equivalent is gourmandise. However, because fish/seafood was considered by far the most desirable opson, an opsophagos in ancient Gre ... Read »


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    • Orthorexia nervosa

    • Orthorexia nervosa /ˌɔːrθəˈrɛksiə nɜːrˈvoʊsə/ (also known as orthorexia) is a proposed distinct eating disorder characterized by extreme or excessive preoccupation with eating food believed to be healthy. The term was introduced in 1997 by American physician Steven Bratman, M.D., ... Read »


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    • Paris syndrome

    • Paris syndrome (French: Syndrome de Paris, Japanese: パリ症候群, Pari shōkōgun) is a transient mental disorder exhibited by some individuals when visiting or vacationing to Paris, as a result of extreme shock resulting from their finding out that Paris is not what they had expected it to be. I ... Read »


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    • Pasma

    • Pasma refers to a "folk illness" unique to the Filipino culture that is said to be most commonly brought about by exposure of "cold" and water in many forms: water is believed to facilitate the unhealthy coldness that enters the body in the Filipino culture. There are distinct signs, symptoms, perceived causes and trea ... Read »


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    • Piblokto

    • Piblokto, also known as pibloktoq and Arctic hysteria, is a condition most commonly appearing in Inughuit (Greenlandic Inuit) societies living within the Arctic Circle. Piblokto is a culture-specific hysterical reaction in Inuit, especially women, who may perform irrational or dangerous acts, followed by amnesia for th ... Read »


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    • Princess sickness

    • Princess sickness (alternatively known as princess syndrome, Chinese: 公主病; or princess disease, Korean: 공주병) is a neologistic term used colloquially in some parts of Asia, notably Hong Kong, mainland China, South Korea and Taiwan, to describe a condition of narcissism and egocentricism, or ... Read »


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    • Pro-ana

    • Pro-ana refers to the promotion of behaviors related to the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. It is often referred to simply as ana. The lesser-used term pro-mia refers likewise to bulimia nervosa and is sometimes used interchangeably with pro-ana. Pro-ana organizations differ widely in their stances. Most claim that ... Read »


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    • Puppy pregnancy syndrome

    • Puppy pregnancy syndrome is a psychosomatic illness in humans brought on by mass hysteria. The syndrome is thought to be localized to villages in several states of India, including West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, and Chhattisgarh, and has been reported by tens of thousands of individuals. It is far more ... Read »


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    • Retired husband syndrome

    • Retired husband syndrome (主人在宅ストレス症候群, Shujin Zaitaku Sutoresu Shoukougun?, literally One's Husband Being at Home Stress Syndrome) (RHS) is a psychosomatic, stress related illness which has been estimated to occur in 60% of Japan's older female population. It is a ... Read »


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    • Running amok

    • Running amok, sometimes referred to as simply amok or gone amok, also spelled amuk, from the Malay language, is "an episode of sudden mass assault against people or objects usually by a single individual following a period of brooding that has traditionally been regarded as occurring especially in Malay culture but is ... Read »


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    • Scrupulosity

    • Scrupulosity is characterized by pathological guilt about moral or religious issues. It is personally distressing, objectively dysfunctional, and often accompanied by significant impairment in social functioning. It is typically conceptualized as a moral or religious form of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), al ... Read »


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    • Shenkui

    • Shenkui (shen-kʼuei; simplified Chinese: 肾亏; Traditional Chinese: 腎虧; pinyin: ShènkuÄ«) is a culture bound syndrome native to China in which the individual suffers somatic symptoms with anxiety, believed to be caused by a loss of semen. And in Traditional Chinese Medicine, shen (kidney) is t ... Read »


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    • Smilorexia

    • Smilorexia is a form of obsessive compulsive type disorder characterized by the desire for a 'perfect smile.' The term was coined and first used in the book Confessions of a Former Cosmetic Dentist and reviewed in the New York Times. People with this condition often present to the dentist with exaggerated concerns abo ... Read »


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    • Sudden arrhythmic death syndrome

    • Sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS), also known as sudden adult death syndrome, sudden unexpected/unexplained death syndrome (SUDS) or sudden unexpected/unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS), is a sudden unexpected death of adolescents and adults, mainly during sleep. Sudden unexpected death syndrome is rare ... Read »


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    • Susto

    • Susto (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsusto], Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsuʃtu]) is a cultural illness primarily among Latin American cultures. It is described by Razzouk et al. as a condition of being frightened and "chronic somatic suffering stemming from emotional trauma or from witnessing traumatic experi ... Read »


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    • Suudu

    • Suudu (Tamil, pronounced [cuːd̪u]) is a culture-specific syndrome of painful urination and pelvic "heat" familiar in South India, especially in the Tamil culture. It occurs in males and females. It is popularly attributed to an increase in the "inner heat" of the body often due to dehydration. It is usually treat ... Read »


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    • Taijin kyofusho

    • Taijin kyofusho (対人恐怖症 taijin kyōfushō, TKS, for taijin kyofusho symptoms) is a Japanese culture-specific syndrome. The term taijin kyofusho translates into the disorder (sho) of fear (kyofu) of interpersonal relations (taijin). Those who have taijin kyofusho are likely to be extremely em ... Read »


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    • Tanning dependence

    • Tanning dependence is a syndrome where an individual appears to have a physical or psychological dependence on sunbathing or the use of ultraviolet (UV) tanning beds. Compulsive tanning may satisfy the definition of a behavioral addiction as well. Tanning dependence may have a physiological basis involving endogen ... Read »


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    • Ufufuyane

    • Ufufuyane is a culture-bound syndrome. It is seen in Kenya, Southern Africa; Bantu, Zulu; and affiliated groups. It is an anxiety state attributed to the effects of magical potions (given to them by rejected lovers) or spirit possession. There is characteristic sobbing, repeated neologisms, paralysis, trance-like state ... Read »


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    • Usog

    • Usog or balis is a topic in psycho-medicine in Filipino Psychology (but considered just as a Filipino superstition in Western Psychology) where an affliction or psychological disorder is attributed to a greeting by a stranger, or an evil eye hex. It usually affects an unsuspecting child, usually an infant or toddler, w ... Read »


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    • Wannarexia

    • Wannarexia, or anorexic yearning, is a label applied to someone who claims to have anorexia nervosa, or wishes they did, but does not. These individuals are also called wannarexic, “wanna-be ana” or "anorexic wannabe". The neologism wannarexia is a portmanteau of the latter two terms. It may be used as a pejo ... Read »


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    • Wendigo

    • In Algonquian folklore, the wendigo or windigo is a cannibal monster or evil spirit native to the northern forests of the Atlantic Coast and Great Lakes Region of both the United States and Canada. The wendigo may appear as a monster with some characteristics of a human, or as a spirit who has possessed a human being a ... Read »


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    • Wild man syndrome

    • The wild man syndrome also known as wild pig syndrome is a culture-bound syndrome that affects the mental health of New Guinean males in which they become hyperactive, clumsy, kleptomaniacal, and conveniently amnesic." It is known in various languages of New Guinea as guria, longlong, or lulu. "Wild-pig syndrome is a ... Read »


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    • Zombie

    • A zombie (Haitian French: zombi, Haitian Creole: zonbi) is a fictional undead being created through the reanimation of a human corpse. Zombies are most commonly found in horror and fantasy genre works. The term comes from Haitian folklore, where a zombie is a dead body reanimated through various methods, most commonly ... Read »


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    • Zou huo ru mo

    • Zou huo ru mo (走火入魔) or "qigong deviation" (气功出偏), is a Chinese term traditionally used to indicate that something has gone wrong in spiritual or martial arts training, applied to describe a physiological or psychological disorder believed to result during or after qigong practic ... Read »


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