Main

  • Cultural anthropology

    Cultural anthropology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Cultural anthropology

    • Cultural anthropologists

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Cultural anthropologists


      Wikipedia
    • Anthropology of education

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Anthropology of education


      Wikipedia
    • Anthropology of religion

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Anthropology of religion


      Wikipedia
    • Area studies

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Area studies


      Wikipedia
    • Biology of gender

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Biology of gender


      Wikipedia
    • Civilizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Civilizations


      Wikipedia
    • Community building

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Community building


      Wikipedia
    • Cross-cultural studies

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Cross-cultural studies


      Wikipedia
    • Customs involving siblings

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Customs involving siblings


      Wikipedia
    • Finno-Ugrists

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Finno-Ugrists


      Wikipedia
    • Folk culture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Folk culture


      Wikipedia
    • Geocultural perspectives

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Geocultural perspectives


      Wikipedia
    • Living arrangements

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Living arrangements


      Wikipedia
    • Magic (paranormal)

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Magic (paranormal)


      Wikipedia
    • Mormon studies

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Mormon studies


      Wikipedia
    • Mysteries

    • Donald Foley (born 1963) is an American actor. Shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Donald Foley made a decision. “It kind of woke me up a little bit,” he said. Life was too short and too uncertain to waste it doing something he didn’t really want to do, he said. A self-employed computer pr ... Mysteries


      Wikipedia
    • Mythography

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Mythography


      Wikipedia
    • Mythology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Mythology


      Wikipedia
    • Nationalism studies

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Nationalism studies


      Wikipedia
    • Orientalism

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Orientalism


      Wikipedia
    • Pre-Columbian cultural areas

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Pre-Columbian cultural areas


      Wikipedia
    • Ritual clowns

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ritual clowns


      Wikipedia
    • Tradition

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Tradition


      Wikipedia
    • Traditions

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Traditions


      Wikipedia
    • Visual anthropology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Visual anthropology


      Wikipedia
    • Western culture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Western culture


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural anthropology

    • Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans. It is in contrast to social anthropology, which perceives cultural variation as a subset of the anthropological constant. A variety of methods are involved in cultural anthropological, including participant obser ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Afo-A-Kom

    • The Afo-A-Kom is a wooden sculpture, the foremost symbol of the Kom people of the North West Region of Cameroon. In 1966 it was stolen from Kom's royal compound. Seven years later it was recognized in a U.S. art gallery, and after some dispute, it was returned to the Kom people. The Afo-A-Kom, which means the Kom thin ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Age-area hypothesis

    • The age-area hypothesis is a concept in cultural anthropology that cultural traits tend to expand outward from their origin with time. Thus, the larger an area that a trait is found in, the older it is. The age-area hypothesis is controversial, and considered by some to be discredited. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ambilocal residence

    • Ambilocal residence (or ambilocality), also called bilocal residence (bilocality) is the societal postmarital residence in which couples, upon marriage, live with or near either the husband's parents or the wife's parents. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • American anthropology

    • American anthropology has culture as its central and unifying concept. This most commonly refers to the universal human capacity to classify and encode human experiences symbolically, and to communicate symbolically encoded experiences socially. American anthropology is organized into four fields, each of which plays a ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Anarcho-primitivism

    • Anarcho-primitivism is an anarchist critique of the origins and progress of civilization. According to anarcho-primitivism, the shift from hunter-gatherer to agricultural subsistence gave rise to social stratification, coercion, alienation, and population growth. Anarcho-primitivists advocate a return to non-"civilized ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Digital anthropology

    • Digital anthropology is the anthropological study of the relationship between humans and digital-era technology. The field is new, and thus has a variety of names with a variety of emphases. These include techno-anthropology, digital ethnography, cyberanthropology, and virtual anthropology. Digital technology uses ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Anthropology of media

    • Anthropology of media (also anthropology of mass media, media anthropology) is an area of study within social or cultural anthropology that emphasizes ethnographic studies as a means of understanding producers, audiences, and other cultural and social aspects of mass media. The use of qualitative methods, particul ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Area studies

    • Area studies are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national/federal, or cultural regions. The term exists primarily as a general description for what are, in the practice of scholarship, many heterogeneous fields of research, encompassing both the social science ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Associative group analysis

    • Donald Foley (born 1963) is an American actor. Shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Donald Foley made a decision. “It kind of woke me up a little bit,” he said. Life was too short and too uncertain to waste it doing something he didn’t really want to do, he said. A self-employed computer pr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Avunculate

    • The avunculate, sometimes called avunculism or avuncularism, is any social institution where a special relationship exists between an uncle and his sisters' children. This relationship can be formal or informal, depending on the society. Early anthropological research focused on the association between the avunculate a ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Bennett scale

    • The Bennett scale, also called the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), was developed by Dr. Milton Bennett. The framework describes the different ways in which people can react to cultural differences. Organized into six “stages” of increasing sensitivity to difference, the DMIS identifi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Zuzana BeňuÅ¡ková


    • Bratachari movement

    • The Bratachari movement (from vrata in Bengali meaning vow Bengali: ব্রতচারী আন্দোলন) was a movement for spiritual and social improvement in India initiated by Gurusaday Dutt in 1932. The movement aimed to raise the self-esteem and national awar ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • British school of diffusionism

    • The British school of diffusionism was an archaeological and anthropological movement which believed ancient Egypt was the source of all human culture. According to this school of thought culture cannot have its origin in every parts of the world. According to them, it is only the ancient Egypt where there is favorable ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Bundling (tradition)

    • Bundling, or tarrying, is the traditional practice of wrapping one person in a bed accompanied by another, usually as a part of courting behavior. The tradition is thought to have originated either in the Netherlands or in the British Isles and later became common in Colonial America, especially in Pennsylvania Dutch C ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Calabash Chalk

    • Calabash chalk is a geophagic material popularly consumed in Nigeria and other West African countries for pleasure, and by pregnant women as a cure for nausea. Geophagia is the practice of eating the earth, including soil and chalk. This practice is neither new nor outdated and can be associated with religious beliefs, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cargo system

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Works about opera


      Wikipedia
    • Carneiro's circumscription theory


    • Chinese patriarchy

    • Chinese patriarchy refers to the history and prevalence of male dominance in Chinese society and culture. Mencius outlined the three subordinations. A woman was to be subordinate to her father in youth, her husband in maturity, and her son in old age. Another one of these famous quotes is also related to the patr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Civilization

    • A civilization, or civilisation (see spelling differences), is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment by a cultural elite. Civilizations are inti ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Clown society

    • Clown society is a term used in anthropology and sociology for an organization of comedic entertainers (Heyoka or "clowns") who have a formalized role in a culture or society. Sometimes clown societies have a sacred role, to represent a trickster character in religious ceremonies. Other times the purpose served by ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cogender

    • Cogender (also spelled "co-gender", with adjectival form "co-gendered") is a term customarily applied by anthropologists. In Chile, among the Mapuche in La Araucanía, in addition to heterosexual female "machi" shamanesses, there are homosexual male "machi weye" shamans, who wear female clothing. These machi wey ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Colonial mentality

    • A colonial mentality is the attitude that colonized people feel themselves to be inferior to their colonizers based on the fact of colonization. Critics claimed that Rudyard Kipling's portrayals of Indian characters generally supported the colonialist view that colonized people were incapable of surviving without the ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Crab mentality

    • Crab mentality, sometimes referred to as crabs in the bucket (also barrel, basket or pot), is a way of thinking best described by the phrase, "if I can't have it, neither can you." The metaphor refers to a bucket of crabs. Individually, the crabs could easily escape from the bucket, but instead they grab at each other ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Creative participation

    • Creative Participation is a term used in social sciences to describe the position of the observer towards the observed. Creative Participation - originally a Lucien Lévy-Bruhl term from the 1920s for analysing social relations of cultural groupings, modified and revived by the German ethnologist V. Dahlheimer- rewri ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cross-cultural differences in decision-making

    • Decision-making is a mental activity which is an integral part of planning and action taking in a variety of contexts and at a vast range of levels, including, but not limited to, budget planning, education planning, policy making, and climbing the career ladder. People all over the world engage in these activities. Th ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural analysis

    • As a discipline, cultural analysis is based on using qualitative research methods of the arts, humanities, social sciences, in particular ethnography and anthropology, to collect data on cultural phenomena and to interpret cultural representations and practices; in an effort to gain new knowledge or understanding throu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural area

    • In anthropology and geography, a cultural region, cultural sphere, cultural area or culture area refers to a geographical area with one relatively homogeneous human activity or complex of activities (culture). These are often associated with an ethnolinguistic group and the territory it inhabits. Specific cultures ofte ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural behavior

    • Cultural behavior is behavior exhibited by humans (and, some would argue, by other species as well, though to a much lesser degree) that is extrasomatic or extragenetic—in other words, learned. There is a species of ant that builds nests made of leaves. To build a nest, some of these ants pull the edges of tw ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural bias

    • Cultural bias is the phenomenon of interpreting and judging phenomena by standards inherent to one's own culture. The phenomenon is sometimes considered a problem central to social and human sciences, such as economics, psychology, anthropology, and sociology. Some practitioners of the aforementioned fields have attemp ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural consensus theory

    • Cultural consensus theory supports a framework for the measurement and evaluation of beliefs as cultural; shared to some extent by a group of individuals. Cultural consensus models guide the aggregation of responses from individuals to estimate (1) the culturally appropriate answers to a series of related questions (wh ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural determinism

    • Cultural determinism is the belief that the culture in which we are raised determines who we are at emotional and behavioral levels. This supports the theory that environmental influences dominate who we are instead of biologically inherited traits. Yet another way of looking at the concept of cultural determinism is ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural group selection

    • Seeing Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology Through Film by Karl G. Heider introduces cultural anthropology with the use of both text and audiovisual media. First published in 1997, the work uses the tools of the ethnographic film discipline to inform its audience of the various cultural anthropology topics. Also, the t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Potential cultural impact of extraterrestrial contact

    • The cultural impact of extraterrestrial contact is the corpus of changes to terrestrial science, technology, religion, politics, and ecosystems resulting from contact with an extraterrestrial civilization. It is closely related to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI), which attempts to locate intelligent ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural relativism

    • Cultural relativism is the principle that an individual's beliefs and activities should be understood by others from the perspective of that individual's own culture. It was established as axiomatic in anthropological research by Franz Boas in the first few decades of the 20th century and later popularized by his stud ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Cultural resources management

    • A newspaper extra, extra edition, or special edition is a special issue of a newspaper issued outside the normal publishing schedule to report on important or sensational news which arrived too late for the normal edition, such as the outbreak of war, the assassination of a public figure, or even latest developments in ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Culture theory

    • Culture theory is the branch of comparative anthropology and semiotics (not to be confused with cultural sociology or cultural studies) that seeks to define the heuristic concept of culture in operational and/or scientific terms. In the 19th century, "culture" was used by some to refer to a wide array of human activit ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Dentalium shell

    • The word dentalium or dentalia (plural), as commonly used by Native American artists and anthropologists, refers to tooth shells or tusk shells used in indigenous jewelry, adornment, and commerce in western Canada and the United States. These tusk shells are a kind of seashell, specifically the shells of scaphopod moll ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Dodoth Morning

    • Dodoth Morning is a 1976 film by ethnographic filmmaker Tim Asch. A documentary film that follows a morning in the life of a family of the Dodoth people in northeast Uganda in 1961. This film features a time when too much rain threatened to rot the millet that is grown to supplement their diet, and the events that fol ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Dual inheritance theory

    • Dual inheritance theory (DIT), also known as gene–culture coevolution or biocultural evolution, was developed in the 1960s through early 1980s to explain how human behavior is a product of two different and interacting evolutionary processes: genetic evolution and cultural evolution. In DIT, culture is defined as ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Bessie Dunlop of Lynn

    • Donald Foley (born 1963) is an American actor. Shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Donald Foley made a decision. “It kind of woke me up a little bit,” he said. Life was too short and too uncertain to waste it doing something he didn’t really want to do, he said. A self-employed computer pr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Effective group decision-making

    • Donald Foley (born 1963) is an American actor. Shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Donald Foley made a decision. “It kind of woke me up a little bit,” he said. Life was too short and too uncertain to waste it doing something he didn’t really want to do, he said. A self-employed computer pr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Environmental anthropology

    • Environmental anthropology is a sub-specialty within the field of anthropology that takes an active role in examining the relationships between humans and their environment across space and time. The sixties was a breakthrough decade for environmental anthropology, with functionalism and system theories prevalent ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ethnology

    • Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "nation") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them (cf. cultural, social, or sociocultural anthropology). Compared to ethnography, the study of single groups t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of exclamations by Robin

    • Robin of the Batman TV series is noted for his many catch-phrase "Holy..." exclamations. His exclamations are closely associated with his character and have been popularized in the American vernacular. The lines in the 1960s TV series were uttered by Burt Ward who played Robin, who delivered the exclamations in a nasal ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Falata-Umbroro

    • Falata Umbroro (the transhumance pastoralists) originally came from western Africa and settled in the Blue Nile in the beginning of the 1950s. They were permitted by the indigenous tribes to use the natural resources. The Falata-Umbroro actually consist several ethnic groups which have their own local language, religi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Fieldwork Under Fire

    • Fieldwork Under Fire: Contemporary Studies of Violence and Survival is a book length collection of recorded experiences; each of which was contributed by an anthropologist who had to strategize and innovate, while directly living through the emotion, stress, and abnormal ordeal of political violence in the field, to ga ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Folk culture

    • Folklore is the body of expressive culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes. They include material culture, ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Folk process

    • In the study of folklore, the folk process is the way folk material, especially stories, music, and other art, is transformed and re-adapted in the process of its transmission from person to person and from generation to generation. The folk process defines a community—the "folk community"—in and through whic ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • For Want of a Nail

    • For want of a nail the shoe was lost. For want of a shoe the horse was lost. For want of a horse the rider was lost. For want of a rider the message was lost. For want of a message the battle was lost. For want of a battle the kingdom was lost. And all for the want of a horseshoe nail. "For Want of a Nail" is a prover ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Geophagia

    • Geophagia (pronounced /dʒiəˈfeɪdʒə, -dʒiə/) (also known as geophagy (pronounced /dʒiˈɒfədʒi/)) is the practice of eating earth or soil-like substrates such as clay or chalk. It occurs in non-human animals where it may be a normal or abnormal behaviour, and also in humans, mo ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Global nomad

    • Global nomad is a term applied to people who are living a mobile and international lifestyle. Global nomads aim to live location-independently, seeking detachment from particular geographical locations and the idea of territorial belonging. Nomad originally referred to pastoral nomads who follow their herd accordi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hilma Granqvist

    • Hilma Natalia Granqvist (17 July 1890 Sipoo – 25 February 1972 Helsinki) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish anthropologist who conducted long field studies of Palestinians. She was a student of Edvard Westermarck. In the 1920s Granqvist arrived at the village of Artas, just outside Bethlehem in the then British M ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Guilt society

    • In cultural anthropology, a guilt society, or guilt culture, is the concept of a society in which the primary method of social control is the inculcation of feelings of guilt for behaviors that the individual believes to be undesirable. It is possible to classify societies, specifically apollonian ones, according to th ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Matrilocal residence

    • In social anthropology, matrilocal residence or matrilocality (also uxorilocal residence or uxorilocality) is the societal system in which a married couple resides with or near the wife's parents. Thus, the female offspring of a mother remain living in (or near) the mother's house, thereby forming large clan-families, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hayandose

    • Hayandose is a cultural category used to express membership and belonging among Zapotec migrants, described by cultural anthropologist Lourdes Gutiérrez-Nájera. Hayandose entails a process of creating ethnically-marked spaces among migrants in an effort to combat feelings of marginalization and displacement in a ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hellenic studies

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Nationalism studies


      Wikipedia
    • Hospitality

    • Hospitality refers to the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. Louis, chevalier de Jaucourt describes hospitality in the Encyclopédie as the virtue of a great soul that cares for the wh ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Human ethology

    • Ethology is concerned with the evolutionary significance of an animal's behaviors in its natural environment. Broadly speaking, ethology focuses on behavior processes across species rather than focusing on the behaviors of one animal group. Ethology as a discipline is generally thought of as a sub-category of biology, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Human placentophagy

    • Human placentophagy, or consumption of the placenta, is defined as, “The ingestion of a human placenta postpartum, at any time, by any person, either in raw or altered (e.g., cooked, dried, steeped in liquid) form.” Numerous historical occurrences of placentophagy have been recorded throughout the world, wher ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Human Universals

    • Cover of the first edition
      Author Donald Brown Country United States Language English Subject Cultural anthropology Publisher McGraw Hill
      Publication date
      1991 Media type Print (Hardcover and Paperback) Pages 220 ISBN
    • Human Universals

      Human Universals is a book by Donald Brown, an American professor of anthropology (emeritus) who worked at the University of California, Santa Barbara. It was published by McGraw Hill in 1991. Brown says human universals, "comprise those features of culture, society, language, behavior, and psyche for which there are n ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Hussaini Brahmin

    • Hussaini Brahmin is a Mohyal community with links to both Hinduism and Islam. They are spread across Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan; Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Delhi and other parts of India, and also in Arabia. Citing source from history of the Muhiyals, published in 1911 CE it is disclosed that about 1400 Brahmins had bee ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Intangible cultural heritage

    • Intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is promoted by UNESCO as a counterpart to the World Heritage focusing mainly on intangible aspects of culture. In 2001, UNESCO made a survey among States and NGOs to try to agree on a definition, and the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage was drafted in 20 ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Intercultural communication

    • Intercultural communication is a discipline that studies communication across different cultures and social groups, or how culture affects communication. It is used to describe the wide range of communication processes and problems that naturally appear within an organization or social context made up of individuals fr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Intercultural competence

    • (Inter)cultural competence is the ability to communicate effectively and appropriately with people of other cultures: In interactions with people from foreign cultures, a person who is interculturally competent understands the culture-specific concepts of perception, thinking, feeling, and acting. Intercultural compe ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Kapu

    • Kapu is the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct of laws and regulations. The kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics and religion. An offense that was kapu was often a corporal offense, but also often denoted a threat to spiritual power, or theft of mana. Kapus were strictly enforced. Breaking one, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Kula ring

    • Kula, also known as the Kula exchange or Kula ring, is a ceremonial exchange system conducted in the Milne Bay Province of Papua New Guinea. The Kula ring was made famous by the father of modern anthropology, Bronisław Malinowski, who used this test case to argue for the universality of rational decision making (eve ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Jacques Lafaye

    • Professor Jacques Lafaye, (born 21 March 1930) is a French historian who, from the early 1960s has written influentially on cultural and religious Spanish and Latin American history. His most popular work is Quetzalcoatl and Guadalupe written in 1974 regarding the formation of the Mexican National Consciousness and inc ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Edmund Leach

    • Sir Edmund Ronald Leach (7 November 1910 – 6 January 1989) was a British social anthropologist. Leach was born in Sidmouth, Devon, the youngest of three children and the son of William Edmund Leach and Mildred Brierley. His father owned and was manager of a sugar plantation in northern Argentina. In 1940 Leac ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Leveling mechanism

    • In cultural anthropology, a leveling mechanism is a practice that acts to ensure social equality, usually by shaming or humbling members of a group that attempt to put themselves above other members. One commonly given example of a leveling mechanism is the !Kung practice of "shaming the meat", particularly as illustr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Lifeway

    • The expression lifeway is a fairly new technical term that is not yet in most general dictionaries and for which most textbooks instead still use "way of life". The American Heritage Dictionary defines a lifeway as: "1. A customary manner of living; a way of life. 2. A custom, practice, or art: the traditional lifeways ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Liminality

    • In anthropology, liminality (from the Latin word lÄ«men, meaning "a threshold") is the quality of ambiguity or disorientation that occurs in the middle stage of rituals, when participants no longer hold their pre-ritual status but have not yet begun the transition to the status they will hold when the ritual is compl ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • List of matrilineal or matrilocal societies

    • The following list includes societies that have been identified as matrilineal or matrilocal in ethnographic literature. "Matrilineal" means property is passed down through the maternal line on the death of the mother, not that of the father. The Akans of Ghana, West Africa, are matrlineals. Akans are the largest eth ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Makapansgat pebble

    • The Makapansgat pebble, or the pebble of many faces, (ca. 3,000,000 BP) is a 260-gram reddish-brown jasperite cobble with natural chipping and wear patterns that make it look like a crude rendition of a human face. The pebble is interesting in that it was found some distance from any possible natural source, associated ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Mana

    • Mana is a word found in Austronesian languages meaning "power, effectiveness, prestige", where in most cases the power is understood to be supernatural. The exact semantics depends on the language. The concept is a major one in Polynesian cultures. It is part of contemporary Pacific Islander culture. The term came to t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Matriarchy

    • Matriarchy is a social system in which females hold primary power, predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property at the specific exclusion of men, at least to a large degree. While those definitions apply in general English, definitions specific to the disciplin ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Meme

    • A meme (/ˈmiːm/ MEEM) is "an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture". A meme acts as a unit for carrying cultural ideas, symbols, or practices that can be transmitted from one mind to another through writing, speech, gestures, rituals, or other imitable phenomena with a mimic ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Mentifact

    • Mentifact (sometimes called a "psychofact") is a term coined by Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, used together with the related terms "sociofact" and "artifact" to describe how cultural traits, such as "beliefs, values, ideas," take on a life of their own spanning over generations, and are conceivable as objects in themselves ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Microculture

    • Microculture refers to the specialised subgroups, marked with their own languages, ethos and rule expectations, that permeate differentiated industrial societies. A microculture depends on the smallest units of organization – dyads, groups, or local communities – as opposed to the broader subcultures of race ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Muringa vila

    • Muringa vila (Malayalam: The place of the muringa tree) is an international development project in Kovalam, Kerala, India, for sustainable building and income structures for the local participants. Structured after the concept of creative participation Muringa Vila integrates vital interests of its cultural creative pa ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Mythology

    • Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths. Myths are the stories people tell to explain nature, history and customs. Myth is a feature of every culture. Many sources for myths have been proposed, ranging from personification of nature or personification of nat ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nacirema

    • Nacirema ("American" spelled backwards) is a term used in anthropology and sociology in relation to aspects of the behavior and society of citizens of the United States of America. The neologism attempts to create a deliberate sense of self-distancing in order that American anthropologists might look at their own cultu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • National Centre of Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology

    • The National centre of research in social and cultural anthropology (French: Centre national de recherche en anthropologie sociale et culturelle, CRASC) is an algerian governmental research organisation in social sciences created in 1992 by the decree 92-215 of May 23. The Centre operates under the aegis of the Ministr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • National psychology

    • National psychology refers to the (real or alleged) distinctive psychological make-up of particular nations, ethnic groups or peoples, and to the comparative study of those characteristics in social psychology, sociology, political science and anthropology. The assumption of national psychology is that different ethni ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Naturalistic disease theories

    • In medical anthropology, naturalistic disease theories are those theories of illness, present within a culture, which explain diseases and illnesses in impersonal terms. One example of a naturalistic disease theory is the theory expressed in western medicine or biomedicine, which links disease and illness to scientifi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nature–culture divide


    • Nature, Culture and Gender

    • Nature, Culture and Gender is a book length social science essay collection that analyzes views that describe "nature" as inferior to "culture". Hence, by equating women with nature, the female gender is then viewed as inferior, while the male is equated to culture. The co-editors of this book published in 1980 by Camb ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Neolocal residence

    • Neolocal residence is a type of post-marital residence when a newly married couple resides separately from both the husband's natal household and the wife's natal household. Neolocal residence form the basis of most developed nations, especially in the West, but it is also found among some nomadic peoples. Upon marria ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Neuroculture

    • Donald Foley (born 1963) is an American actor. Shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Donald Foley made a decision. “It kind of woke me up a little bit,” he said. Life was too short and too uncertain to waste it doing something he didn’t really want to do, he said. A self-employed computer pr ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nocebo

    • The nocebo effect is when a negative expectation of a phenomenon causes it to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would. A nocebo effect causes the perception that the phenomenon will have a negative outcome to actively influence the result. Mental states such as beliefs, expectations and anticipation can str ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nomad

    • Coordinates: 40°44′39″N 73°59′18″W / 40.7442°N 73.9883°W / 40.7442; -73.9883 NoMad ("NOrth of MADison Square Park") is a neighborhood centered on the Madison Square North Historic District in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. The name NoMad, which has been in ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nomadic pastoralism

    • Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism when are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze. Strictly speaking, true nomads follow an irregular pattern of movement, in contrast with transhumance where seasonal pastures are fixed. However this distinction is often not observed and the term nomad used ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Nomads of the Longbow

    • Nomads of the Longbow is a book by Allan R Holmberg, an anthropologist who studied Peruvian and other South American indigenous peoples. The book concerns itself with the indigenous Bolivians, the Sirionó people, whom he determined to be rather backward and undeveloped in terms of culture and civilization. This det ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Orality

    • Orality is thought and verbal expression in societies where the technologies of literacy (especially writing and print) are unfamiliar to most of the population. The study of orality is closely allied to the study of oral tradition. However, it has broader implications, implicitly touching every aspect of the economics ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Origin myth

    • An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world. One type of origin myth is the cosmogonic myth, which describes the creation of the world. However, many cultures have stories set after the cosmogonic myth, which describe the origin of natural phenomena and h ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Patriarchy

    • Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property. In the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority over women and children. Some patriarchal societies are also patrilineal, mea ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Patrilocal residence

    • In social anthropology, patrilocal residence or patrilocality, also known as virilocal residence or virilocality, are terms referring to the social system in which a married couple resides with or near the husband's parents. The concept of location may extend to a larger area such as a village, town or clan territory. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Perfect Order

    • Perfect Order: Recognizing Complexity in Bali, by anthropologist J. Stephen Lansing, is an in depth description of Balinese culture, past and present, through the lens anthropological research. Perfect Order: Recognizing Complexity in Bali. J. Stephen Lansing. Series: Princeton Studies in Complexity. September 2012, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Placentophagy

    • Placentophagy (from 'placenta' + Greek φαγειν, to eat; also referred to as placentophagia) is the act of mammals eating the placenta of their young after childbirth. The placenta contains high levels of prostaglandin. Prostaglandin stimulates involution (an inward curvature or penetration, or, a shri ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Proverb

    • A proverb (from Latin: proverbium) is a simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience. They are often metaphorical. A proverb that describes a basic rule of conduct may also be known as a maxim. Proverbs fall into the category of formulaic language. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Proverbial phrase

    • A proverbial phrase or a proverbial expression is type of a conventional saying similar to proverbs and transmitted by oral tradition. The difference is that a proverb is a fixed expression, while a proverbial phrase permits alterations to fit the grammar of the context. Another similar construction is an idiomatic ph ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Ranked society

    • A ranked society in anthropology is one that ranks individuals in terms of their genealogical distance from the chief. Closer relatives of the chief have higher rank or social status than more distant ones. When individuals and groups rank about equally, competition for positions of leadership may occur. In some cases ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Raptio

    • Raptio (in archaic or literary English rendered as rape) is a Latin term referring to the large scale abduction of women, i.e. kidnapping either for marriage or enslavement (particularly sexual slavery). The equivalent term Frauenraub, originally from German, is used in English in the field of art history. Bride kidna ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Reciprocity (cultural anthropology)

    • In cultural anthropology, reciprocity refers to the non-market exchange of goods or labour ranging from direct barter (immediate exchange) to forms of gift exchange where a return is eventually expected (delayed exchange) as in the exchange of birthday gifts. It is thus distinct from the true gift, where no return is e ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Redistribution (cultural anthropology)

    • In cultural anthropology and sociology, redistribution refers to a system of economic exchange involving the centralized collection of goods from members of a group followed by the redivision of those goods among those members. It is a form of reciprocity. Redistribution differs from simple reciprocity, which is a dyad ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Seclusion of girls at puberty

    • The seclusion of girls at puberty has been practised in societies around the world, especially prior to the early 20th century. In such cultures, girls' puberty held more significance than boys' due to menstruation, the girl's potential for giving birth, and widespread ideas of ritual purification related to the sacred ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Seeing Anthropology

    • Seeing Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology Through Film by Karl G. Heider introduces cultural anthropology with the use of both text and audiovisual media. First published in 1997, the work uses the tools of the ethnographic film discipline to inform its audience of the various cultural anthropology topics. Also, the t ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Settler

    • A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize the area. Settlers are generally from a sedentary culture, as opposed to nomads who share and rotate their settlements with little or no concept of individual land ownership. Settlements are often built on l ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Shame society

    • In cultural anthropology, a shame society, also called shame culture or honour-shame culture, is a society in which the primary device for gaining control over children and maintaining social order is the inculcation of shame and the complementary threat of ostracism. A shame society is contrasted with a guilt society, ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Shell money

    • Shell money is a medium of exchange similar to money that was once commonly used in many parts of the world. Shell money usually consisted either of whole sea shells or pieces of them, which were often worked into beads or were otherwise artificially shaped. The use of shells in trade began as direct commodity exchange ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Shetani

    • Shetani (the word is both singular and plural in English, the plural in Swahili is mashetani) are spirits of East African mythology and popular belief. Mostly malevolent, and found in many different forms and different types with different powers, shetani are a popular subject of carved artwork, especially by the Makon ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sociocultural anthropology

    • Sociocultural anthropology is a portmanteau used to refer to social anthropology and cultural anthropology together. Some universities, such as Boston University and New York University, link them together into one major of study. The rubric cultural anthropology is generally applied to ethnographic works that are hol ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Sociofact

    • Sociofact is a term coined by Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, used together with the related terms "mentifact" (sometimes called a psychofact) and "artifact" to describe how cultural traits take on a life of their own, spanning over generations. This idea has been related to memetics. The idea of the sociofact was developed ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Soul dualism

    • Soul dualism or a dualistic soul concept is a range of beliefs that a person has two (or more) kinds of souls. In many cases, one of the souls is associated with body functions (“body soul") and the other one can leave the body (“free soul”). Sometimes the plethora of soul types can be even more complex. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Strong reciprocity

    • Strong reciprocity is an area of research in behavioral economics, evolutionary psychology, and evolutionary anthropology on the predisposition to cooperate even when there is no apparent benefit in doing so. This topic is particularly interesting to those studying the evolution of cooperation, as these behaviors seem ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Symbolic anthropology

    • Symbolic anthropology or, more broadly, symbolic and interpretive anthropology, is the study of cultural symbols and how those symbols can be used to better understanding a particular society. It is often viewed in contrast to cultural materialism. According to Clifford Geertz, "[b]elieving, with Max Weber, that man is ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Taboo

    • A taboo is a vehement prohibition of an action based on the belief that such behavior is either too sacred or too for ordinary individuals to undertake. Such prohibitions are present in virtually all societies. The word has been somewhat expanded in the social sciences to strong prohibitions relating to any area of hu ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Taboo (TV series)

    • Taboo (TV series)

      Taboo is a documentary television series that premiered in 2002 on the National Geographic Channel. The program is an educational look into "taboo" rituals and traditions practiced in some societies, yet forbidden and illegal in others. Each hour-long episode details a specific topic, such as marriage or initiation ri ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Tangible culture

    • Tangible culture is culture that is tangible or touchable, the opposite of intangible culture. ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Téach


    • Tribe (Internet)

    • The term tribe or digital tribe is used as a slang term for an unofficial community of people who share a common interest, and usually who are loosely affiliated with each other through social media or other Internet mechanisms. The term is related to "tribe", which traditionally refers to people closely associated in ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Túath


    • Vanua

    • The word banua or vanua – meaning "land," "home," or "village" – occurs in several Austronesian languages. It derives from the Proto-Austronesian reconstructed form *banua. The word has particular significance in several countries. In the Kapampangan language, banwa or banua means "sky" or "year". In the Hi ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Vernacular culture

    • Vernacular culture is the cultural forms made and organised by ordinary, often indigenous people, as distinct from the high culture of an elite. One feature of culture is that it is informal. Such culture is generally engaged in on a non-profit and voluntary basis, and is almost never funded by the state The term is u ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Virgin boy egg

    • Virgin boy eggs are a traditional dish of Dongyang, Zhejiang, China in which eggs are boiled in the urine of young boys, preferably under the age of ten. Named "tong zi dan" (Chinese: 童子尿煮鸡蛋; pinyin: Tóngzǐ Niào Zhǔ JÄ«dàn), the dish translates literally to "boy egg" and i ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Edvard Westermarck

    • Edvard Westermarck

      Edvard Alexander Westermarck (20 November 1862 – 3 September 1939) was a Finnish philosopher and sociologist. Among other subjects, he studied exogamy and the incest taboo. The phenomenon of reverse sexual imprinting is when two people live in close domestic proximity during the first few years in the life of eit ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Western culture

    • Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society or European civilization is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologie ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • When the going gets tough, the tough get going

    • "When the going gets tough, the tough get going" is a popular proverb. The phrase is a play on words involving idiomatic (Proverb) and distinct meanings of "go" and "tough." In context, "the going" means "the situation," "gets tough" means "becomes difficult," "the tough" means "people who are strong or enduring," and ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Witchcraft

    • Witchcraft (also called witchery or spellcraft) broadly means the practice of, and belief in, magical skills and abilities that are able to be exercised by individuals and certain social groups. Witchcraft is a complex concept that varies culturally and societally; therefore, it is difficult to define with precision an ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Woman, Culture, and Society

    • Woman, Culture, and Society

      Woman, Culture, and Society, first published in 1974 (Stanford University Press), is a book consisting of 16 papers contributed by female authors and an introduction by the editors Michelle Zimbalist Rosaldo and Louise Lamphere. On the heels of the 1960s feminist movement, this book challenged anthropology's status quo ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    • Yaylak

    • Yaylag (Russian: яйлаг) is a Turkic term, meaning summer highland pasture (from yay, meaning summer, and -lagh or -lağ, a deverbal plus denominal suffix in Turkic languages). The converse term is gishlag (also spelled as kışlak or qhishloq), a winter pasture (from kış, qish or gish, a Turk ... Read »


      Wikipedia
    Wikipedia
  • What Else?

    • Cultural anthropology

Extras