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    Civilizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Civilizations

    • Aegean civilizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Aegean civilizations


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    • African civilizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about African civilizations


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    • Andean civilizations

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Andean civilizations


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    • Arab

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    • Aztec

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Aztec


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    • Babylonia

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Babylonia


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    • Books about civilizations

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    • Byzantine culture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Byzantine culture


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    • Classical civilizations

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    • Dutch Golden Age

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    • Dutch Republic

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Dutch Republic


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    • Ebla

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ebla


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    • Ancient Egypt

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Egypt


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    • Elam

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Elam


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    • Etruscans

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    • Fictional civilizations

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    • Ancient Greece

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Greece


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    • Hattians

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Hattians


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    • History books about civilization

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    • Hittites

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Hittites


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    • Hurrians

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Hurrians


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    • Indus Valley Civilisation

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Indus Valley Civilisation


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    • Maya civilization

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Maya civilization


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    • Civilization museums

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    • Phoenicia

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Phoenicia


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    • Ancient Rome

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Rome


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    • Sumer

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Sumer


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    • Teotihuacan

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    • Ugarit

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ugarit


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    • Vedic period

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Vedic period


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    • Ancient Vietnam

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Ancient Vietnam


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    • Viking Age

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    • Western culture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Western culture


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    • Civilization

    • A civilization, or civilisation (see spelling differences), is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment by a cultural elite. Civilizations are inti ... Read »


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    • Aegean civilizations

    • Aegean civilization is a general term for the European Bronze Age civilizations of Greece around the Aegean Sea. There are three distinct but communicating and interacting geographic regions covered by this term: Crete, the Cyclades and the Greek mainland. Crete is associated with the Minoan civilization from the Early ... Read »


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    • Andean civilizations

    • The Andean civilizations made up a loose patchwork of different cultures that developed from the highlands of Colombia to the Atacama Desert. The most advanced civilizations were those of the Inca Empire and the Muisca. There were other cultures in Ancient Peru and earlier cultures in Tiwanaku and the Norte Chico civil ... Read »


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    • Ayarmaca

    • The Ayarmaca are an ethnic group located northwest of Cuzco in the area of modern Maras. The Ayarmaca were subjugated by the Inca during their earliest period of state expansion, ca. AD 1300. After losing their power under Inca rule, the Ayarmaca people were resettled in various communities in the Cuzco region. ... Read »


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    • Aztec

    • The Aztec (/ˈæztɛk/) people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries. The Nahuatl words aztecatl [asˈtekat͡ɬ] (singular) and aztecah [asˈtekaʔ] (plural) mean ... Read »


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    • Babylonia

    • Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq). A small Amorite-ruled state emerged in 1894 BC, which contained at this time the minor city of Babylon. Babylon greatly expanded during the reign of Hammurabi in the first half of the 18th centur ... Read »


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    • Bắc SÆ¡n culture


    • Centers of power

    • Centers of power are localized regions of the world where political, economic and cultural influence are dominant for a time, hence defining a particular era in a particular sphere of influence. ... Read »


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    • Civilisation (TV series)

    • Civilisation (TV series)

      Civilisation—in full, Civilisation: A Personal View by Kenneth Clark—is a television documentary series outlining the history of Western art, architecture and philosophy since the Dark Ages. The series was produced by the BBC and aired in 1969 on BBC2. Both the television scripts and the accompanying book ver ... Read »


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    • Ancient Rome

    • External video

      Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants (roughly 20% of th ... Read »


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    • Civilized core

    • Civilized Core refers to the four advanced civilizations that emerged during the 1st millennium B.C., during the earlier Iron Age after the collapse of the Bronze Age civilizations that preceded them. These were, in order of emergence, the civilizations of ... Read »


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    • Clash of Civilizations

    • The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order

      The Clash of Civilizations (COC) is a hypothesis that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world. It was proposed by political scientist Samuel P. Huntington in a 1992 lecture at the American Enterprise Institute, which was then developed in a 1993 Forei ... Read »


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    • Cradle of civilization

    • The cradle of civilization is a term referring to locations where, according to current archaeological data, civilization is understood to have emerged. Current thinking is that there was no single "cradle", but several civilizations that developed independently; with the Fertile Crescent, (Mesopotamia and Egypt), unde ... Read »


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    • Đa Bút culture


    • Dialogue Among Civilizations

    • Former Iranian president Mohammad Khatami introduced the idea of Dialogue Among Civilizations as a response to Samuel P. Huntington’s theory of a Clash of Civilizations. The term was initially used by Austrian philosopher Hans Köchler who in 1972, in a letter to UNESCO, had suggested the idea of an internationa ... Read »


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    • Dilmun

    • Dilmun

      Dilmun, or Telmun, was an ancient Semitic-speaking country mentioned throughout the history of Mesopotamia from the 3rd millennium BC onwards. It is regarded as one of the oldest civilizations in the Middle East. Based on textual evidence, it is located in the Persian Gulf on a trade route between Mesopotamia and the I ... Read »


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    • Early Dynastic Period (Mesopotamia)

    • Early Dynastic Period

      The Early Dynastic period (abbreviated ED period or ED) is an archaeological culture in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq), generally dated to approximately 2900–2350 BC. It was preceded by the Uruk period and Jemdet Nasr period, which saw the formation of the first states, the first cities, and the invention ... Read »


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    • Eastern Party in Greece

    • Eastern Party is a concept that has long been used by mainstream historians to define the reaction of a section of the population in the Third World countries against Westernization and the import of Western values in their societies. Rather than a specific political party, the term refers to a current in the public op ... Read »


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    • Elam

    • Elam

      Elam (/ˈiːləm/) was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far West and Southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq. The modern name Elam stems from the Sumerian transliteration elam(a), ... Read »


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    • Gandhara

    • Gandhāra (Pashto: ګندارا‎, Avestan: Vaēkərəta, Old Persian: Para-upari-sena, Bactrian: Paropamisadae [Hellenization: Paropamisus], Greek: Κασπάτυρος Caspatyros) is the ancient term for the city and old kingdom of Peshawar, which encompassed the Peshawar v ... Read »


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    • Global citizens movement

    • In most discussions, the global citizens movement is a socio-political process rather than a political organization or party structure. The term is often used synonymously with the anti-globalization movement or the global justice movement. "Global citizens movement" has been used by activists to refer to a number of ... Read »


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    • Hoabinhian

    • The term Hòa Bình culture (Vietnamese: Văn hóa Hòa Bình, in French culture de Hoà Bình) was first used by French archaeologists working in Northern Vietnam to describe Holocene period archaeological assemblages excavated from rock shelters. The related English adjective Hoabinhian (French hoabia ... Read »


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    • Inamgaon

    • Inamgaon

      Inamgaon ( Marathi : इनामगांव ) is a post-Harappan agrarian village and archaeological site located in Maharashtra, western India. Situated along the right bank of the Ghod River, it is considered to be the 'regional centre' of the Bhima Valley. Inamgaon is one of the most in ... Read »


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    • Indus Valley Civilisation

    • Indus Valley Civilisation

      The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1600 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Along with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia it was one of three earl ... Read »


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    • Mesopotamia

    • Mesopotamia (/ˌmɛsəpəˈteɪmiə/, Ancient Greek: Μεσοποταμία "[land] between rivers"; from Ancient Armenian Միջագետք (Mijagetq); Arabic: بلاد الرافدين‎‎ bilād ar-rāfidayn; Kurdish: می ... Read »


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    • Mississippian culture

    • The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American civilization archeologists date from approximately 800 CE to 1600 CE, varying regionally. It was composed of a series of urban settlements and satellite villages (suburbs) linked together by a loose trading network, the largest city being Cahokia, believed ... Read »


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    • Olmec

    • The Olmecs were the first major civilization in Guatemala and Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco and modern southwestern pacific lowlands of Guatemala. They lived in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in the present-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco. It has been speculated that Olmec d ... Read »


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    • Phoenicia

    • Phoenicia

      Coordinates: 34°07′25″N 35°39′04″E / 34.12361°N 35.65111°E / 34.12361; 35.65111 Phoenicia (UK /fᵻˈnɪʃə/ or US /fəˈniːʃə/; from the Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē meaning either "land of palm trees" or "purple country ... Read »


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    • Post-classical history

    • Post-classical history (also called the Post-Antiquity era, Post-Ancient Era, or Pre-Modern Era) is the period of time that immediately followed ancient history and preceded modern history. Depending on the continent, the era generally falls between the years 200–600 and 1200–1500. The major classical civiliz ... Read »


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    • Proto-Elamite

    • The Proto-Elamite period is the time from ca. 3400 BC to 2500 BC. In archaeological terms this corresponds to the late Banesh period, and it is recognized as the oldest civilization in Iran. The Proto-Elamite script is an Early Bronze Age writing system briefly in use before the introduction of Elamite cuneiform. ... Read »


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    • Quỳnh Văn culture


    • River valley civilization

    • A river civilization or river culture is an agricultural nation or civilization situated beside (and often drawing sustenance from) a river. The first great civilizations all grew up in river valleys. The oldest, 3300 to 2500 BCE, was along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East; the name given to that ... Read »


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    • Role of Christianity in civilization

    • The role of Christianity in civilization has been intricately intertwined with the history and formation of Western society. Throughout its long history, the Christian Church has been a major source of social services like schooling and medical care; inspiration for art, culture and philosophy; and influential player i ... Read »


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    • SÆ¡n Vi culture


    • Sumer

    • Sumer

      Sumer (/ˈʃuːmər/) was the first urban civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages, and arguably the first civilization in the world with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley. Living along the valleys of the Tigris and E ... Read »


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    • Vedic period

    • Vedic period

      The Vedic period (or Vedic age) (c. 1500 – c. 500 BCE) was the period in Indian history during which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were composed. During the early part of the Vedic period, the Indo-Aryans settled into northern India, bringing with them their specific religious traditi ... Read »


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    • Viking Age

    • The Viking Age is the period from late 8th century to mid 11th century in European history, especially Northern European and Scandinavian history, following the Germanic Iron Age. It is the period of history when Scandinavian Norsemen explored Europe by its seas and rivers for trade, raids, colonisation and conquest. I ... Read »


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