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  • Chronology

    Chronology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Chronology

    • Categories by time

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    • Historical eras

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    • Millennia

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    • Centuries

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Centuries


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    • Decades

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    • Years

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Years


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    • Months

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Months


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    • Days

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Days


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    • Chronology by event

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Chronology by event


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    • Anniversaries

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    • Calendars

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    • Chronicles

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    • Chronologists

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    • Dating methods

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Dating methods


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    • Geochronology

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Geochronology


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    • Hebrew language chronology works

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    • Chronological summaries of the Olympics

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    • Timelines

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    • Weeks

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    • Chronology

    • Chronology (from Latin chronologia, from Ancient Greek , chrónos, "time"; and -λογία, ) is the science of arranging events in their order of occurrence in time. Consider, for example, the use of a timeline or sequence of events. It is also "the determination of the actual temporal sequence of past eve ... Read »


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    • Ab urbe condita

    • "Ab urbe condita" (Classical orthography: ABVRBECONDITÁ; Latin pronunciation: [ab ˈʊrbɛ ˈkɔndɪtaː]; related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC. AUC is a ... Read »


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    • Anachronism

    • An anachronism (from the Greek ἀνά ana, "against" and χρόνος khronos, "time") is a chronological inconsistency in some arrangement, especially a juxtaposition of person(s), events, objects, or customs from different periods of time. The most common type of anachronism is an object misplaced ... Read »


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    • Chronology of the ancient Near East

    • Egypt • Ancient EgyptPersia • Achaemenid Empire • Elam • MedesAnatolia • Hittites • Hurrians • Neo-Hittite states • UrartuThe Levant • Ancient Israel • Phoenicia The chronology of the ancient Near East provides a framework of dat ... Read »


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    • Anno Domini

    • The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. The term anno Domini is Medieval Latin and means in the year of the Lord but is often translated as in the year of our Lord. It is occasionally set out more fully as anno Domini nostri Iesu (or Jes ... Read »


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    • Anno Lucis

    • Anno Lucis (“in the Year of Light”) is a dating system used in Masonic ceremonial or commemorative proceedings, which is equivalent to the Gregorian year plus 4000. It is similar to Anno Mundi. For example, a date Anno Domini (A.D.) 2017 becomes Anno Lucis (A.L.) 6017. This calendar era, which would designat ... Read »


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    • Anno Mundi

    • Anno Mundi (Latin for "in the year of the world"; Hebrew: לבריאת העולם‎, "from the creation of the world"), abbreviated as AM or A.M., or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. Two such calendar ... Read »


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    • ASPRO chronology

    • The ASPRO chronology is a nine-period dating system of the ancient Near East used by the Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée for archaeological sites aged between 14,000 and 5,700 BP. First published in 1994, ASPRO stands for the "Atlas des sites du Proche-Orient" (Atlas of Near East archaeological sites), ... Read »


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    • Assyrian eclipse

    • The Assyrian eclipse, also known as Bur-Sagale (Bur-Saggile, Pur-Sagale or Par-Sagale) eclipse, was a solar eclipse that occurred on 15 June 763 BCE (proleptic Julian calendar). It was recorded in Assyrian eponym lists, most likely in the ninth year of the reign of king Ashur-dan III. The entry is short and reads: The ... Read »


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    • Astronomical chronology

    • Astronomical chronology, or astronomical dating, is a technical method of dating events or artifacts that are associated with astronomical phenomena. Written records of historical events that include descriptions of astronomical phenomena have done much to clarify the chronology of the Ancient Near East; works of art w ... Read »


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    • Astronomical year numbering

    • Astronomical year numbering is based on AD/CE year numbering, but follows normal decimal integer numbering more strictly. Thus, it has a year 0; the years before that are designated with negative numbers and the years after that are designated with positive numbers. Astronomers use the Julian calendar for years before ... Read »


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    • Azes era

    • The "Azes era" (also known as the Aja/Ajasa era), was named after the Indo-Scythian king, "King Azes the Great" or Azes I. As a number of inscriptions are dated in this era it is of great importance in dating the reigns of several kings and events in early Indian history. Earlier, some scholars believed that the Azes ... Read »


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    • Beda Venerabilis' Easter cycle


    • Biblical literalist chronology

    • A Biblical literalist chronology is a tabulation or reckoning of dates applied to events in the Bible according to the hermeneutical method of Biblical literalism. The method depends upon an exhaustive knowledge of the numbers of years explicitly stated in the Scriptures, comparison to known dates of specific events, a ... Read »


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    • Blytt–Sernander system


    • Bya

    • In astronomy, geology, and paleontology, "bya" or "b.y.a." is an initialism for "billion years ago". This abbreviation is commonly used as a unit of time to denote length of time before the present in billions of years. The "billion" in bya is, by convention, the 109 "billion" of the short scale of the U.S., not the l ... Read »


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    • Calendar era

    • A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar. For example, the Gregorian calendar numbers its years in the Western Christian era (the Coptic and Ethiopic churches have their own Christian eras, see below). The instant, date, or year from which time is marked is called the epoch of the era. There are m ... Read »


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    • Chronological dating

    • Chronological dating, or simply dating, is the process of attributing to an object or event a date in the past, allowing such object or event to be located in a previously established chronology. This usually requires what is commonly known as a "dating method". Several dating methods exist, depending on different crit ... Read »


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    • Chronological synchronism

    • Chronological synchronism is an event that links two chronologies. For example, it is used in Egyptology to ground Egyptian chronology. The main types of chronological synchronism are synchronisms with other historical chronologies and synchronisms with precisely datable astronomical events. Synchronisms with other ch ... Read »


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    • The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended

    • The Chronology Of Ancient Kingdoms Amended

      The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended is an approximately 87,000-word composition written by Sir Isaac Newton, first published posthumously in 1728 in limited supply. Since then it had been republished in mass paperback format. The work represents one of Newton's forays into the topic of chronology, detailing the ... Read »


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    • Chronology of Jesus

    • A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the historical events of the life of Jesus. Scholars have correlated Jewish and Greco-Roman documents and astronomical calendars with the New Testament accounts to estimate dates for the major events in Jesus' life. Two methods have been used to estimate the year ... Read »


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    • Chronology of the Bible

    • The chronology of the Bible is the elaborate system of life-spans, "generations," and other means by which the passage of events is measured over the 4,000 years between the Creation of the world and the re-dedication of the Temple in 164 BCE. It was theological in intent, not historical in the modern sense, and functi ... Read »


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    • Common Era

    • Common Era or Current Era, abbreviated CE, is a calendar era that is often used as an alternative naming of the Anno Domini era ("in the year of the Lord"), abbreviated AD. The system uses BCE as an abbreviation for "before the Common (or Current) Era" and CE as an abbreviation for "Common Era". The CE/BCE designation ... Read »


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    • Date of birth of Jesus

    • The date of birth of Jesus is not stated in the gospels or in any secular text, but most scholars assume a date of birth between 6 BC and 4 BC. The historical evidence is too incomplete to allow a definitive dating, but the date is estimated through two different approaches—one by analyzing references to known his ... Read »


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    • Dionysius Exiguus' Easter table


    • Egyptian chronology

    • The majority of Egyptologists agree on the outline and many details of the chronology of Ancient Egypt. This scholarly consensus is the so-called Conventional Egyptian chronology, which places the beginning of the Old Kingdom in the 27th century BC, the beginning of the Middle Kingdom in the 21st century BC and the beg ... Read »


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    • Epoch (reference date)

    • In the fields of chronology and periodization, an epoch is an instant in time chosen as the origin of a particular era. The "epoch" then serves as a reference point from which time is measured. Time measurement units are counted from the epoch so that the date and time of events can be specified unambiguously. Events ... Read »


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    • Era

    • An era is a span of time marked by character, events, changes on earth, etc. When used in science, for example geology, an era denotes a clearly defined period of time of arbitrary but well-defined length, such as for example the Mesozoic Era frozen m 252 Ma–66 Ma, delimited by a start event and an end event. When ... Read »


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    • Era of Martyrs

    • The Era of the Martyrs (Latin: anno martyrum, abbreviated AM), also known as the Diocletian era (Latin: anno Diocletiani), is a method of numbering years used by the Church of Alexandria beginning in the 4th century AD and by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria from the 5th century to the present. Western Chris ... Read »


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    • Glasgow Chronology

    • The Glasgow Chronology is a proposed revision of the Egyptian chronology of ancient Egypt. It was first formulated between the years 1978 and 1982 by a working group following the Glasgow Conference of Society for Interdisciplinary Studies (SIS, a non-profit organization advocating serious academic analysis of the writ ... Read »


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    • Gospel harmony

    • A gospel harmony is an attempt to compile the Christian canonical gospels into a single account. This may take the form either of a single, merged narrative, or a tabular format with one column for each gospel, technically known as a "synopsis", although the word 'harmony' is often used for both. Harmonies are construc ... Read »


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    • Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences

    • The Institute for the Study of Interdisciplinary Sciences, ISIS (1985–2005) was a British educational charity established in 1985 and founded by researchers formerly connected with the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies (SIS) whose original purpose was to examine and debate the revisionist theories of Immanuel ... Read »


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    • Julian day

    • Julian day is the continuous count of days since the beginning of the Julian Period and is used primarily by astronomers. The Julian Day Number (JDN) is the integer assigned to a whole solar day in the Julian day count starting from noon Universal time, with Julian day number 0 assigned to the day starting at noon on ... Read »


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    • Limmu

    • Limmu was an Assyrian eponym. At the beginning of the reign of an Assyrian king, the limmu, an appointed royal official, would preside over the New Year festival at the capital. Each year a new limmu would be chosen. Although picked by lot, there was most likely a limited group, such as the men of the most prominent fa ... Read »


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    • Mari Eponym Chronicle

    • The Assyrian Eponym Chronicles represent an important source for the chronology of the Ancient Near East. They are chronicles or annals, which list at least one notable event per year under the name of a ruling official. The oldest eponym chronicle is the one compiled at Mari in the 18th century BC, covering the years ... Read »


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    • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar

    • The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is a non-repeating, vigesimal (base-20) and base-18 calendar used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya. For this reason, it is often known as the Maya (or Mayan) Long Count calendar. Using a modified vigesimal tally, the Long Count calendar identifie ... Read »


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    • Middle Chronology

    • Mesopotamia • Akkadian Empire • Assyria • Babylonia • Neo-Assyrian Empire • Neo-Babylonian Empire • SumerEgypt • Ancient EgyptPersia • Achaemenid Empire • Elam • MedesAnatolia • Hittites • Hurrians • Neo ... Read »


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    • Millennium

    • A millennium (plural millennia or millenniums) is a period equal to 1000 years, also called kiloyears. It derives from the Latin mille, thousand, and annus, year. It is often, but not always, related to a particular dating system. Sometimes, it is used specifically for periods of a thousand years that begin at the sta ... Read »


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    • Missing years (Jewish calendar)

    • The missing years in the Hebrew calendar refer to a chronological discrepancy between Talmudic chronologists for the destruction of the First Temple in 423 BCE (3338 AM) and the modern secular dating for it in 587 BCE. Both the Babylonian Chronicles and the biblical Chronicles indicate that Nebuchadnezzar captured ... Read »


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    • Mursili's eclipse


    • The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings

    • Edwin R. Thiele's The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings (1951) is a reconstruction of the chronology of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The book was originally his doctoral dissertation and is widely regarded as the definitive work on the chronology of Hebrew kings. The book is considered the classic and compreh ... Read »


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    • New Chronology (Fomenko)

    • The New Chronology is a pseudohistorical theory which argues that the conventional chronology of Middle Eastern and European history is fundamentally flawed, and that events attributed to the civilizations of the Roman Empire, Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt actually occurred during the Middle Ages, more than a thousa ... Read »


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    • New Chronology (Rohl)

    • New Chronology is an alternative chronology of the ancient Near East developed by English Egyptologist David Rohl and other researchers beginning with A Test of Time: The Bible - from Myth to History in 1995. It contradicts mainstream Egyptology by proposing a major revision of the established Egyptian chronology, in p ... Read »


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    • Older Dryas

    • The Older Dryas was a stadial (cold) period between the Bølling and Allerød interstadials (warmer phases) approximately 14,000 years ago (BP), towards the end of the epoch. Its age is not well defined, with estimates varying by 400 years, but its duration is agreed to have been around two centuries. The gradual ... Read »


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    • Oldest Dryas

    • The Oldest Dryas was a climatic period, which occurred during the coldest stadial after the Weichselian glaciation in north Europe. In the Alps, the Oldest Dryas corresponds to the Gschnitz stadial of the Würm glaciation. The three “Dryas” periods (younger, older, oldest) are named for a marker species, Dr ... Read »


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    • Phantom time hypothesis

    • The phantom time hypothesis is a historical conspiracy theory asserted by Heribert Illig. First published in 1991, the hypothesis proposes a conspiracy by the Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, Pope Sylvester II, and possibly the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII, to fabricate the Anno Domini dating system retrospectively, s ... Read »


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    • Pollen zone

    • Pollen zones are a system of subdividing the last glacial period and Holocene paleoclimate using the data from pollen cores. The sequence provides a global chronological structure to a wide variety of r, such as geologists, climatologisists, geographers and archaeologists, who study the physical and cultural environmen ... Read »


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    • Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures

    • The table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures gives a rough picture of the relationships between the various principal cultures of prehistory outside the Americas, Antarctica, Australia and Oceania. It also serves as an index of the broad features of that prehistory to be followed through links to articles ... Read »


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    • Short chronology timeline

    • The short chronology is one of the chronologies of the Near Eastern Bronze and Early Iron Age, which fixes the reign of Hammurabi to 1728–1686 BC and the sack of Babylon to 1531 BC. The absolute 2nd millennium BC dates resulting from this decision have very little support in academia, particularly after more rece ... Read »


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    • Sothic cycle

    • The Sothic cycle or Canicular period is a period of 1,461 Egyptian civil years of 365 days each or 1,460 Julian years averaging 365¼ days each. During a Sothic cycle, the 365-day year loses enough time that the start of its year once again coincides with the heliacal rising of the star Sirius (Egyptian: or Sopdet, ... Read »


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    • Spanish era

    • The Spanish era, Hispanic era or Caesar era refers to the dating system used in Hispania until the 14th century, when the Anno Domini system was adopted. It began with year one in what is 38 BC, probably the date of a new tax imposed by the Roman Republic on the subdued population of Iberia. Whatever the case, the date ... Read »


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    • Term (time)

    • A term is a period of , time or , in relation to an event. To differentiate an interval or duration, common phrases are used to distinguish the observance of length are near-term or short-term, medium-term or mid-term and long-term. It is also used as part of a calendar year, especially one of the three parts of an ac ... Read »


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    • Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa

    • Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa

      The Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa (Enuma Anu Enlil Tablet 63) refers to the record of astronomical observations of Venus, as preserved in numerous cuneiform tablets dating from the first millennium B.C. It is believed that this astronomical record was first compiled during the reign of King Ammisaduqa (or Ammizaduga), the ... Read »


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    • Waddell's chronology


    • 0 (year)

    • Year zero does not exist in the Anno Domini (or Common Era) system usually used to number years in the Gregorian calendar and in its predecessor, the Julian calendar. In this system, the year 1 BC is followed by AD 1. However, there is a year zero in astronomical year numbering (where it coincides with the Julian year ... Read »


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