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  • Children's rights

    Children's rights

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Children's rights

    • Children's rights by continent


    • Children's rights by country


    • Children's rights activists


    • Breastfeeding

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Breastfeeding


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    • Child marriage

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Child marriage


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    • Children's rights instruments


    • Circumcision debate

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Circumcision debate


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    • Children's rights concepts


    • Female genital mutilation

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Female genital mutilation


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    • Legitimacy law

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Legitimacy law


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    • Children's rights organizations


    • Children's rights


    • Children's rights movement


    • Circumcision and law

    • Laws restricting, regulating, or banning circumcision, some dating back to ancient times, have been enacted in many countries and communities. In a number of modern states, circumcision is presumed to be legal, but laws pertaining to assault or child custody have been applied in cases involving circumcision. In the cas ... Read »


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    • Gillick competence

    • Gillick competence is a term originating in England and is used in medical law to decide whether a child (under 16 years of age) is able to consent to his or her own medical treatment, without the need for parental permission or knowledge. The standard is based on the decision of the House of Lords in Gillick v West N ... Read »


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    • Kinderstern

    • Kinderstern/Star for Children, is an artwork the German artist Imi Knoebel has created since 1988. The artwork is entirely donated to projects for children in need. The Star for Children has so far collected donations of four million Euros and is the only artwork worldwide which proceeds go a 100% to children in need. ... Read »


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    • Marion's Case


    • Prince v. Massachusetts

    • Prince v. Massachusetts

      Prince v. Massachusetts, 321 U.S. 158 (1944), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the government has broad authority to regulate the actions and treatment of children. Parental authority is not absolute and can be permissibly restricted if doing so is in the interests of a child's welfa ... Read »


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    • Adultcentrism

    • Adultcentrism is the exaggerated egocentrism of adults, including the belief that an adult perspective is inherently better (when compared to children). It is used to describe the conditions facing children and youth in schools, homes, and community settings; however, adultcentrism is not always based on a notion of be ... Read »


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    • Adultism

    • Adultism is "the power adults have over children". More narrowly, adultism is defined as "prejudice and accompanying systematic discrimination against young people". On a more philosophical basis, the term has also been defined as "bias towards adults... and the social addiction to adults, including their ideas, activi ... Read »


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    • Svetlana Agapitova

    • Svetlana Yurevna Agapitova (Russian: Светлана Юрьевна Агапитова; born February 8, 1964) is a Russian human rights activist, social and political activist. Born on February 8, 1964 in Leningrad. She graduated from the journalism faculty of Leningra ... Read »


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    • Reza Alinejad

    • Reza Alinejad (Persian: رضا علی نژاد‎‎) (born September 21, 1985) has been one of countless alleged Iranian juvenile offenders who was sentenced to death by hanging at the age of 17. He was accused of killing a man in self-defense. In December 2002, while eating at a local m ... Read »


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    • Aschiana

    • non-profit Industry Children's rights Founded 1995 Founder Engineer Yousef Headquarters Kabul, Afghanistan
      Number of locations
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    • ASCHIANA
      Afghanistan's Children -
      A New Approach

      Afghanistan's Children - A New Approach (ASCHIANA) (Persian: اشیانه‎‎ AÅ¡iyānā, meaning "the nest") is an Afghan nongovernmental organisation that has provided services, support and programs to working street children and their families since 1995. ASCHIANA currently serves 4,500 stu ... Read »


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    • Pavel Astakhov

    • Pavel Astakhov

      Pavel Alekseyevich Astakhov (Russian: Па́вел Алексе́евич Аста́хов) (born 8 September 1966 in Moscow) is a Russian politician, celebrity lawyer and television personality. On 30 December 2009 Dmitry Medvedev named Astakhov as the Children's Righ ... Read »


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    • Attitude change

    • Attitudes are associated beliefs and behaviors towards some object. They are not stable, and because of the communication and behavior of other people, are subject to change by social influences, as well as by the individual's motivation to maintain cognitive consistency when cognitive dissonance occurs—when two a ... Read »


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    • Best interests

    • Best interests or best interests of the child is a child rights principle, which derives from Article 3 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which says that “in all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authoritie ... Read »


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    • Breast ironing

    • Breast ironing, also known as breast flattening, is the pounding and massaging of a pubescent girl's breasts, using hard or heated objects, to try to make them stop developing or disappear. It is typically carried out by the girl's mother who will say she is trying to protect the girl from sexual harassment and rape, t ... Read »


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    • Breastfeeding

    • Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as often and as much as the baby wants. During the first few weeks of life babies may nurse rough ... Read »


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    • Breastfeeding and HIV

    • Breastfeeding by HIV-infected mothers raises concerns of transmission of HIV to the child. Varying factors, such as the viral load in the mother’s milk, contribute to the difficulty in creating breastfeeding recommendations for HIV-positive mothers. It is also possible for the infant to be infected with HIV throug ... Read »


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    • Child Act 2001

    • Child Act 2001

      The Child Act 2001 (Malay: Akta Kanak-Kanak 2001) is a Malaysian law which served to consolidate the Juvenile Courts Act 1947 [Act 90], the Women and Girls Protection Act 1973 [Act 106], and the Child Protection Act 1991 [Act 468]. It was enacted partially in order to fulfill Malaysia's obligations under the United Nat ... Read »


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    • Child harvesting

    • Child harvesting is the active drafting of parents and children for the adoption market and is particularly associated with and prevalent in some international adoption countries and markets. Typically, a relinquishing family or parent is misled or lied to so they permanently give away the child for adoption without a ... Read »


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    • Child labour

    • Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organisations. Legi ... Read »


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    • Child migration

    • Child migration or "children in migration or mobility" (sometimes more generally "children on the move") is the movement of people ages 3-18 within or across political borders, with or without their parents or a legal guardian, to another country or region. They may travel with or without legal travel documents. They m ... Read »


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    • Convention on the Rights of the Child

    • Convention on the Rights of the Child

      The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC, CROC, or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The Convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless the age o ... Read »


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    • Children Parliament Pakistan

    • The first ever children parliament of its kind was launched on Friday 14 November 2008 by Society for the Protection of the Rights of Child (SPARC) to raise awareness and promote child rights in the country. The members are elected from different schools of Islamabad, Peshawar, Faisalabad, Mithi, Kohlu, Balakot, Karac ... Read »


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    • Children's Act for Responsible Employment


    • Children’s rights education


    • Circumcision controversies

    • Male circumcision has often been, and remains, the subject of controversy on a number of grounds—including religious, ethical, sexual, and health. The Ancient Greeks and Romans valued the foreskin and were opposed to circumcision—an opposition inherited by the canon and secular legal systems of the Christian ... Read »


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    • Committee on the Rights of the Child

    • The Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is a body of independent experts that monitors and reports on implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child by governments that ratify the Convention. The Committee also monitors implementation of the () and the (). The CRC is one of the ... Read »


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    • Common scold

    • In the common law of crime in England and Wales, a common was a type of public nuisance—a troublesome and angry woman who broke the public peace by habitually arguing and quarrelling with her neighbours. The Latin name for the offender, communis rixatrix, appears in the feminine gender and makes it clear that onl ... Read »


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    • Corporal punishment in the home

    • Corporal punishment in the home (also called physical punishment) refers to an act by a parent or other legal guardian causing deliberate physical pain or discomfort to a minor child in response to some undesired behavior by the child. Corporal punishment of children typically takes the form of spanking or slapping the ... Read »


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    • Delara Darabi

    • Delara Darabi

      Delara Darabi (Persian: دلارا دارابى‎‎) (S29 September 1986 – 1 May 2009) was an Iranian Gilaki woman who was sentenced to death after having been convicted of murdering her father's female cousin in 2003. Although Delara initially claimed that she had committed the cr ... Read »


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    • Declaration of the Rights of the Child

    • The Declaration of the Rights of the Child, sometimes known as the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child, is an international document promoting child rights, drafted by Eglantyne Jebb and adopted by the League of Nations in 1924, and adopted in an extended form by the United Nations in 1959. The text of t ... Read »


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    • Dominies log

    • A.S. Neill's A Dominie's Log is a diary of his first year as headteacher at Gretna Green Village School, during 1914-15. It is an autobiographical novel. He changed a hard working, academic school controlled by corporal punishment and the fear of the authority of the teacher into one of happiness, play and children con ... Read »


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    • E (Mrs) v Eve

    • E (Mrs) v Eve

      E (Mrs) v Eve, [1986] 2 S.C.R. 388 is a judgment by the Supreme Court of Canada regarding a mother's request for the consent of the court to have her daughter sterilized. This was a landmark case which is influential in Canadian legal decisions involving proxy-consented, non-therapeutic medical procedures performed on ... Read »


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    • Faces of Freedom

    • The "Faces of Freedom" photo exhibition is a collection of photographs captured by photo-journalist, filmmaker and human rights educator U. Roberto (Robin) Romano, during his travels to India, Nepal and Pakistan. Romano explores the exploitation of child labor in the production of handmade rugs in coordination with mul ... Read »


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    • Families Need Fathers

    • Families Need Fathers

      Families Need Fathers (FNF), founded in 1974, is a registered charitable organization in the United Kingdom that provides public awareness and support to parents who have become estranged from their children after a separation or divorce. Families Need Fathers was founded in May 1974 by child psychiatrist Alick El ... Read »


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    • Fathers 4 Justice

    • Fathers 4 Justice (or F4J) is a fathers’ rights organisation in the United Kingdom. Founded in 2001, the group aims to gain public and parliamentary support for changes in UK legislation on fathers' rights, mainly using stunts and protests, often conducted in costume. Former F4J members, who do not agree with Mat ... Read »


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    • Fathers' rights movement


    • Fathers' rights movement by country


    • Fear of children

    • Fear of children, fear of infants or fear of childhood is alternatively called pedophobia (American English), paedophobia or pediaphobia. Other age-focused fears are ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. Recognised outcomes of pedophobia include paternalism, adultism, and by extension, ageism. The word pedophobia comes ... Read »


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    • Grounding (punishment)

    • Grounding is a common discipline technique used with mainly teenagers, in which the child or teen, or adult is not allowed to leave their home or bedroom except for required activities such as school (unless the child is suspended or expelled from school), church, meals, chores, or doctor and dentist appointments. Oth ... Read »


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    • Carolyn Hamilton

    • Dame Carolyn Paula Hamilton DBE (born November 1951) is a barrister who specialises in children's rights. She is also director of Coram Children's Legal Centre, an independent national charity dedicated to the promotion and implementation of children's rights based at the University of Essex. Hamilton has the position ... Read »


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    • Index of children's rights articles


    • Infant oral mutilation

    • Infant oral mutilation (IOM) is the dangerous and sometimes fatal traditional or conventional dental malpractice that has been performed for decades in many areas of Africa and in underdeveloped countries. Typically, a parent may take a sick child to a traditional healer, who will look in the child's mouth and att ... Read »


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    • Institutionalization of children with disabilities in Russia

    • Institutionalization of children with disabilities is the placement of children, who have been abandoned or whose parents cannot support them, into a facility which can be similar to an orphanage. This often occurs in countries where alternative methods of care are not available. The definition of an institution can be ... Read »


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    • Integrated Child Development Services

    • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) (Hindi: समेकित बाल विकास सेवाए) is an Indian government welfare programme which provides food, preschool education, and primary healthcare to children under 6 years of age and thei ... Read »


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    • International Conference on African Children

    • The International Conference on African Children or Conference on the African Child was an international conference held in Geneva in June 1931. Organised by the International Save the Children Union, it followed on from the adoption by the League of Nations in 1924 of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, draft ... Read »


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    • International Journal of Children's Rights


    • IRights Framework

    • The iRights Framework is a set of five rights for the protection and empowerment of children on the Internet that adopts the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It was established through a coalition including the NSPCC, Nesta, Mind Candy, NASUWT, Joanna Shields and Mozilla. The organisation is workin ... Read »


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    • Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children

    • Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children

      The Irish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (ISPCC) is the national child protection charity in Ireland. It provides a range of services to children and families in Ireland, and promotes children's rights. The ISPCC is best known for its free confidential listening service, ISPCC Childline, which is av ... Read »


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    • Anna Kuznetsova

    • Anna Kuznetsova

      Anna Yurievna Kuznetsova (Russian: Анна Юрьевна Кузнецова; born January 3, 1982, Penza, RSFSR, USSR) is Children's Rights Commissioner for the President of the Russian Federation. Kuznetsova holds pro-life views. She has stated her support for fringe views s ... Read »


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    • List of international adoption scandals

    • The following is a partial list, by year, of notable incidents or reports of international adoption scandals, adoption corruption, child harvesting, baby-stealing, legal violations in international adoption, or adoption agency corruption (see child laundering; child trafficking: "In the United States international adop ... Read »


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    • List of international and European law on child protection and migration

    • The following is a list of international standards that are relevant to the protection of children in migration and mobility. These standards are legally binding conventions, treaties and directives. The international legal framework concerning children in migration and mobility provides safeguards in relation to asylu ... Read »


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    • Owen Reed Lovejoy

    • Owen Reed Lovejoy

      Owen Reed Lovejoy, Jr. (September 9, 1866 - June 29, 1961) was a minister who opposed child labor. He was known as the "children's statesman". He served as the general secretary of the National Child Labor Committee from 1907 to 1926. He was born on September 9, 1866 in Jamestown, Michigan to Hiram Reed Lovejoy, Sr. a ... Read »


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    • Jim Mayer (musician)


    • Military Use of Schools

    • Military Use of Schools is a term used to refer to the various activities that national armed forces and non-state armed groups carry out in and around schools, universities, and other education facilities, in support of their military effort. Examples of this include using a school or a university as barracks or bases ... Read »


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    • Mothers and Fathers Matter

    • Mothers and Fathers Matter (MFM) was a campaign group in Ireland which was formed in September 2014 to oppose the Children and Family Relationships Bill. MFM also opposed the Thirty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution (Marriage Equality) Bill 2015. Members and spokespeople for MFM included Keith Mills, lawyer Evana B ... Read »


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    • Non-paternity event

    • In genetic genealogy and clinical genetics, a non-paternity event is when someone who is presumed to be an individual's father is not in fact the biological father. This presumption may be on the part of the individual, the parents, or the physician. Non-paternity may result from sperm donation, undisclosed adoption, i ... Read »


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    • Ombudsman for Children in Sweden

    • The Ombudsman for Children in Sweden (Swedish: Barnombudsmannen, abbreviated BO) is a Swedish government agency organized under the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs tasked with public advocacy and the dissemination of information about the rights and needs of children and young people. The Ombudsman should represe ... Read »


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    • Parental Rights Amendment to the United States Constitution

    • The Parental Rights Amendment to the United States Constitution is a proposed change to the United States Constitution. The amendment's advocates say that it will allow parents' rights to direct the upbringing of their children, protected from federal interference and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the ... Read »


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    • DNA paternity testing

    • DNA paternity testing is the use of DNA profiling (known as genetic fingerprinting) to determine whether two individuals are biologically parent and child. A paternity test establishes genetic proof whether a man is the biological father of an individual, and a maternity test establishes whether a woman is the biologic ... Read »


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    • Parents' rights movement


    • Paternity law

    • Paternity law refers to the legal relationship between a father and his biological or adopted children and deals with the rights and obligations of both the father and the child to each other as well as to others. A child's paternity may be relevant in relation to issues of legitimacy, inheritance and rights to a putat ... Read »


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    • Paternity fraud

    • Paternity fraud, also known as child identity fraud,misattributed paternity or paternal discrepancy, is a type of fraud that occurs when, in a non-paternity event, a mother names a man to be the biological father of a child, when she knows or suspects that he is not the biological father. The modern concept of paternit ... Read »


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    • Adnan Patrawala murder case

    • Adnan Patrawala was the teenage son of a businessperson from Mumbai, India. On 18 August 2007, Adnan was kidnapped for ₹2 crore (US$300,000) ransom. He was murdered the next day when news of the kidnapping broke on national TV and print media. Following are the accused and their age at the time of the inciden ... Read »


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    • Pregnant patients' rights


    • Child prostitution

    • Prostitution of children

      Child prostitution is prostitution involving a child, and it is a form of commercial sexual exploitation of children. The term normally refers to prostitution of a minor, or person under the legal age of consent. In most jurisdictions, child prostitution is illegal as part of a general prohibition on prostitution. Chi ... Read »


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    • Putaani Party

    • Putaani Party

      Putaani Party (Kannada: ಪುಟಾಣಿ ಪಾರ್ಟಿ, English: The Kid Gang) is a 2009 Kannada language feature film. Produced by Children's Film Society, India, the film was shot in a village called Honnapura situated near the town of Dharwad in South India. The film uses l ... Read »


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    • Recognition (family law)

    • Recognition is the process in some jurisdictions whereby a man is recognised as the father of a child in situations where there is no presumption of paternity, generally due to the mother being unwed. Historically due to the Roman law principle of Mater semper certa est (the mother is always certain) this action was no ... Read »


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    • Right to be heard

    • The right to be heard (also children's participation) is a child rights principle as defined by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. According to Article 12 of the Convention, children have the right to express their views in all matters affecting them and their views have to be given due weight in accordance ... Read »


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    • Safeguarding

    • Safeguarding is a term used in the United Kingdom and Ireland to denote measures to protect the health, well-being and human rights of individuals, which allow people — especially children, young people and vulnerable adults — to live free from abuse, harm and neglect. Any child can be hurt, put at risk of h ... Read »


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    • School corporal punishment

    • School corporal punishment refers to causing deliberate pain or discomfort in response to undesired behaviour by students in schools. It often involves striking the student either across the buttocks or on the hands, with an implement such as a rattan cane, wooden paddle, slipper, leather strap or wooden yardstick. Les ... Read »


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    • Slovenian Family Code referendum, 2012

    • A referendum was held in Slovenia on 25 March 2012 on the new family code passed by the then-governing coalition led by Borut Pahor. The code was rejected with 54.55% of voters against the law. The family code bill passed by the government of Borut Pahor which expanded existing same-sex registered partnerships to ... Read »


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    • Lucy Smith

    • Lucy Caroline Smith (née Dahl, 12 October 1934 – 27 August 2013) was a Norwegian legal scholar and professor of law at the University of Oslo. She served as rector of the university from 1993 to 1998. She was a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. In 1987 she became Norway's first female (fu ... Read »


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    • Spanking

    • Spanking is a type of corporal punishment involving the act of striking the of another person to cause physical pain, generally with an open hand (more commonly referred to in some countries as slapping or smacking). More severe forms of spanking, such as switching, paddling, belting, caning, whipping, and birching, i ... Read »


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    • Spoiled child

    • A spoiled child, spoiled brat, or simply a brat is a derogatory term aimed at children who exhibit behavioral problems from being overindulged by their parents. Children and teens who are perceived as spoiled may be described as "overindulged", "grandiose", "narcissistic" or "egocentric-regressed". Perception is an imp ... Read »


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    • Stranger danger

    • Stranger danger is the danger presented to children and adults by . The phrase stranger danger is intended to sum up the danger associated with adults whom adults or children do not know. The phrase has found widespread usage and many children will hear it during their childhood lives. Many books, films and public serv ... Read »


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    • Trafficking of children

    • Trafficking of children is a form of human trafficking and is defined as the "recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, and/or receipt" of a child for the purpose of exploitation. This definition is substantially wider than the same document's definition of "trafficking in persons". Though statistics regarding ... Read »


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    • Transnational child protection

    • Transnational child protection refers to the protection of children from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect in an international setting. When a non-national child comes into contact with public authorities and service providers, a series of checks, assessments and immediate measures sets in to identify the child ... Read »


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    • Unaccompanied minor

    • An unaccompanied minor (sometimes "unaccompanied child" or "separated child") is a child without the presence of a legal guardian. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child defines unaccompanied minors and unaccompanied children as those "who have been separated from both parents and other relatives and are not bein ... Read »


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    • Washing out mouth with soap

    • Washing out mouth with soap is a form of physical punishment that consists in placing soap, or a similar cleansing agent, inside a person's mouth so that the person will taste it, inducing what most people consider an unpleasant experience. One method uses a bar of soap which is placed in a person's mouth; the person c ... Read »


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    • Witchcraft accusations against children in Africa

    • Witchcraft allegations against children in Africa have received increasing international attention in the first decade of the 21st century. The phenomenon of witch-hunts in Sub-Saharan Africa is ancient, but the problem is reportedly "on the rise", due to "urbanization, poverty, conflict and fragmenting communities". ... Read »


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    • Mosleh Zamani

    • Mosleh Zamani (also referred to as Moslah Zamani) was a 23-year-old Iranian Kurd who was executed on December 17, 2009 for having an "illicit relationship with his girlfriend" when he was 17 years old. According to Amnesty International, Zamani was convicted of abducting a woman several years older than he was, with w ... Read »


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