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  • Australian Aboriginal bushcraft

    Australian Aboriginal bushcraft

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Australian Aboriginal bushcraft

    • Bush medicine

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Bush medicine


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    • Aboriginal Dugout Canoes

    • Aboriginal Canoes were a significant advancement in canoe technology. Dugouts were stronger, faster, and more efficient than previous types of bark canoes. The Aboriginal peoples' use of these canoes brought about many changes to both their hunting practices and society. The Australian Aboriginal people began using the ... Read »


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    • Acacia estrophiolata

    • Acacia estrophiolata

      Acacia estrophiolata, commonly known as ironwood or southern ironwood, is a tree native to Central Australia. It is a graceful, pendulous shade tree, which grows from about 4-16 m tall and has a trunk with a diameter of up to about 0.45 m. Young plants are spiky leaved. It has pale yellow flowers after winter rains. ... Read »


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    • Acacia kempeana

    • Acacia kempeana

      Acacia kempeana (Acacia or ακακία (akakia) from the Greek word Akis for thorn and kempeana after Pastor Kempe, co-founder of Lutheran Mission at Hermannburg-Ntaria in 1877), commonly known as wanderrie wattle, witchetty bush or granite wattle, is a shrub in subfamily Mimosoideae of family Fabaceae. En ... Read »


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    • Acacia tetragonophylla

    • Acacia tetragonophylla

      Acacia tetragonophylla, commonly known as curara, kurara or dead finish, is a tree in the family Fabaceae. Endemic to Australia, it occurs on floodplains and along watercourses in arid and semi-arid areas throughout Western Australia, South Australia, southern Northern Territory, and east to near Charleville, Queenslan ... Read »


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    • Araucaria bidwillii

    • Araucaria bidwillii

      Jurassic - Holocene Araucaria bidwillii, the bunya pine, is a large evergreen coniferous tree in the plant family Araucariaceae. It is found naturally in south-east Queensland Australia and two small disjunct populations in north eastern Queensland's World Heritage listed Wet Tropics. There are many old planted specim ... Read »


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    • Araucaria cunninghamii

    • Araucaria cunninghamii

      Araucaria cunninghamii is a species of Araucaria known as hoop pine. Other less commonly used names include colonial pine and Queensland pine. The scientific name honours the botanist and explorer Allan Cunningham, who collected the first specimens in the 1820s. The species is found in the dry rainforests of New South ... Read »


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    • Australian Aboriginal artifacts

    • Australian Aboriginal artifacts consist the boomerangs, spears, shields, dillybags and other things the semi-nomadic Aborigines had to carry around. Many artifacts were devised to address the harsh living conditions in the Australian environment. The boomerangs could be used: Sometimes the challenge overwhelmed both ... Read »


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    • Australian Aboriginal fibrecraft

    • Australian Aboriginal fibrecraft refers to the various ways Australian Aborigines create fibres traditionally. Materials used depend on where the people live in Australia. Bark is used by many people across the continent. This technology is still used today to produce baskets, which are particularly popular in the ... Read »


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    • Australian Aboriginal sweet foods

    • Australian Aborigines had many ways to source sweet foods. The four main types of sweet foods gathered – apart from ripe fruit – were: In some parts of Australia, these customs are still used today, particularly in Central Australia. Foods collected can be eaten directly as a sweet or made into a sweet drink ... Read »


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    • Banksia attenuata

    • Banksia attenuata

      Banksia cylindrostachya Lindl. Banksia attenuata, commonly known as the candlestick banksia, slender banksia or biara as known by the Noongar aboriginal people, is a species of plant in the family Proteaceae. Commonly a tree, it reaches 10 m (33 ft) high, but is often a shrub in drier areas 0.4 to 2 m (1.3 to ... Read »


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    • Bindibu expedition

    • The Bindibu expedition was a series of three field trips mounted by anthropologist Donald Thomson to meet with and learn from Pintupi Indigenous Australians between 1957 and 1965. Thomson travelled to the Great Sandy Desert and Gibson Desert – the Western Desert – one of the most inhospitable parts of the co ... Read »


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    • Boomerang

    • BOOMERanG experiment

      In astronomy and observational cosmology, The BOOMERanG experiment (Balloon Observations Of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation ANd Geophysics) was an experiment which measured the cosmic microwave background radiation of a part of the sky during three sub-orbital (high-altitude) balloon flights. It was the first exper ... Read »


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    • Bullroarer

    • The bullroarer,rhombus, or turndun, is an ancient ritual musical instrument and a device historically used for communicating over greatly extended distances. It dates to the Paleolithic period, being found in Ukraine dating from 17,000 BC. Anthropologist Michael Boyd, a Bullroarer expert, documents a number found in Eu ... Read »


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    • Bush bread

    • Bush bread

      Bush bread, or seedcakes, refers to the bread made by Australian Aboriginals for many thousands of years, by crushing seeds into a dough, after which it is baked. The bread was high in protein and carbohydrate, and helped form part of a balanced traditional diet. With the arrival of Europeans and pre-milled white flou ... Read »


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    • Bush coconut

    • The Bush coconut, or bloodwood apple, is an Australian bush tucker food, often eaten by Aborigines of Central Australia. The bush coconut is, in fact, a combination of plant and animal: an adultpores female scale insect, Cystococcus pomiformis, lives in a gall induced on a bloodwood eucalypt (Corymbia terminalis). Th ... Read »


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    • Bush Mechanics

    • Bush Mechanics is a 2001 television documentary series directed by David Batty and produced by the Warlpiri Media Association, featuring an Indigenous Australian take on motor mechanics. A bush mechanic, in Australian parlance, is someone who uses unorthodox techniques and readily available materials to build or fix m ... Read »


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    • Bush tomato

    • The term bush tomato refers to the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. ... Read »


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    • Bush tucker

    • Bush tucker, also called bushfood, is any food native to Australia and used as sustenance by the original inhabitants, the Aboriginal Australians, but it can also describe any native fauna or flora used for culinary and/or medicinal purposes, regardless of the continent or culture. Examples of Australian native animal ... Read »


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    • Caper

    • Capers, prepared, canned

      Capparis spinosa, the caper bush, also called Flinders rose, is a perennial plant that bears rounded, fleshy leaves and large white to pinkish-white flowers. The plant is best known for the edible flower buds (capers), often used as a seasoning, and the fruit (caper berries), both of which are usually consumed pickled ... Read »


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    • Capparis lasiantha

    • Capparis lasiantha

      Capparis lasiantha is an endemic Australian plant with a range that extends from The Kimberley through The Northern Territory and Queensland to Northern New South Wales, primarily in drier inland areas although the species extends to the coast in Central Queensland. Common names are numerous and include Wyjeelah, Nepin ... Read »


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    • Capparis mitchellii

    • Capparis mitchellii

      The wild orange is an Australian native plant throughout Australia. Its scientific name is Capparis mitchellii. It was named by botanist John Lindley. It is also known as the native orange. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is merne atwakeye. It is not related to oranges and neither to the Osage-or ... Read »


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    • Capparis spinosa subsp. nummularia

    • Wild passionfruit, or (locally) caperbush, is an Australian native plant. It is a subspecies of the caper adapted to deserts. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Merne arrutnenge. Wild passionfruit is a tasty bush tucker food. When it ripens, the skin turns orange and splits open and the little ... Read »


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    • Carissa spinarum

    • Carissa spinarum

      Numerous, see text Carissa spinarum, the conkerberry or bush plum, is a large shrub of the dogbane family (Apocynaceae), widely distributed in tropical regions of Africa, Southern Asia, Australia, and various islands of the Indian Ocean. It is most well known in Australia, where it is also called currant bush or, more ... Read »


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    • Citrus australasica

    • Citrus australasica

      The Australian finger lime plant (Citrus australasica) is a thorny understorey shrub or small tree of lowland subtropical rainforest and dry rainforest in the coastal border region of Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. It has edible fruits which are under development as a potential new commercial crop. Accordi ... Read »


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    • Coelospermum reticulatum

    • Coelospermum reticulatum

      Coelospermum reticulatum is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is native to New Guinea, the Northern Territory, and Queensland. Its natural habitat is dry rainforest and moister Eucalyptus woodland. The plant is an important source of dye for Aboriginal people. The former genus Pogonolobus with it ... Read »


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    • Coolamon (vessel)

    • A coolamon is an Indigenous Australian carrying vessel. It is a multi-purpose shallow vessel, or dish with curved sides, ranging in length from 30–70 cm, and similar in shape to a canoe. Coolamons were traditionally used by Aboriginal women to carry water, fruits, nuts, as well as to cradle babies. Today when ... Read »


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    • Corymbia opaca

    • Corymbia opaca

      Corymbia opaca, also known as the Desert Bloodwood, is a tree native to Australia. The tree is most well known for the distinctive red kino that it exudes. Australian Aboriginal people collect bush coconuts (a type of bush tucker) from the tree, which are produced by an insect in gall. C. opaca was previously cons ... Read »


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    • Corymbia terminalis

    • Corymbia terminalis

      Corymbia terminalis, also known as tjuta, joolta, bloodwood, desert bloodwood, plains bloodwood, northern bloodwood, western bloodwood or the inland bloodwood, is a tree native to Australia. The tree typically grows to a height of 18 metres (59 ft) and will form lignotubers. It has tessellated light brown to li ... Read »


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    • Cynanchum viminale

    • Cynanchum viminale

      Cynanchum viminale is a leafless succulent plant in the milkweed family. The species is native to West Africa, the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific region. The species' natural range extends from South Africa throughout much of Africa and the Middle East to India, Indochina, Southern China, Indomalaya and into Meganesi ... Read »


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    • Cyperus bulbosus

    • Cyperus bulbosus

      Cyperus bulbosus is a species of sedge found across Africa, the Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Australia. In Australia, it is commonly called (Australian) bush onion or "wild onion", but is not related to the onion or other Alliaceae. It is a component of Australian bushfood, but is considered an ... Read »


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    • Dillybag

    • A dillybag or dilly bag is a traditional Australian Aboriginal bag, generally woven from the fibres of plant species of the Pandanus genus.. It is used for a variety of food transportation and preparation purposes. Dilly comes from the Jagera word dili, which refers to both the bag and the plants from which it is made ... Read »


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    • Diploglottis campbellii

    • Diploglottis campbellii

      Diploglottis campbellii is a rainforest tree northern New South Wales and southeastern Queensland. Growing to 30 metres tall, it is commonly known as the small-leaved tamarind. It is rare and threatened and is restricted to a small number of sites, each with a maximum of 3 trees per site. However, it is readily availab ... Read »


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    • Duboisia

    • Duboisia

      Duboisia (commonly called corkwood tree) is a genus of small perennial shrubs and trees up to 14 metres (46 feet) tall, with extremely light wood and a thick corky bark. There are four species; all occur in Australia, and one also occurs in New Caledonia. The alternate, glabrous leaves are narrow and elliptical. The i ... Read »


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    • Ehretia saligna

    • Ehretia saligna

      Ehretia saligna, commonly known as peach bush, native willow and peachwood is a species of shrubs or small trees, endemic to Northern Australia. The natural range extends from the Gascoyne, across the Northern Territory throughout northern Queensland and coastal; regions of Southern Queensland and New South Wales. Ehr ... Read »


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    • Elaeocarpus angustifolius

    • Elaeocarpus angustifolius

      Elaeocarpus grandis Elaeocarpus angustifolius is a rainforest tree in the Elaeocarpaceae family, bearing bitter edible fruit. It is commonly known as blue marble tree, and also as blue fig or blue quandong, although it is not closely related to figs. The junior synonym Elaeocarpus grandis, from a later description of ... Read »


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    • Erythrina vespertilio

    • Erythrina vespertilio

      Erythrina vespertilio is a tree native to north and north-east Australia. Its common names are grey corkwood, bat's wing coral tree, and the more ambiguous "". In the Western Desert language it is also known as ininti. It was widely traditionally used by Aboriginal Australians in Central Australia for making woomeras a ... Read »


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    • Exocarpos latifolius

    • Exocarpos latifolius

      Exocarpos latifolius is a species of parasitic trees, of the plant family Santalaceae. They have the common names Broad Leaved Ballart, Scrub Sandal-wood, Scrub Cherry, Oringorin, Broad Leaved Cherry or Native Cherry. The species is found in monsoon forest, littoral rainforest and occasionally in more open forest types ... Read »


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    • Fire-stick farming

    • Fire-stick farming was the practice of Indigenous Australians who regularly used fire to burn vegetation to facilitate hunting and to change the composition of plant and animal species in an area. Fire-stick farming had the long-term effect of turning dry forest into savanna, increasing the population of nonspecific gr ... Read »


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    • Goanna

    • Goanna

      See text. A goanna is any of several Australian monitor lizards of the genus Varanus, as well as certain species from Southeast Asia. Around 30 species of goanna are known, 25 of which are found in Australia. This varied group of carnivorous reptiles ranges greatly in size and fills several ecological niches. The go ... Read »


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    • Honeypot ant

    • Honeypot ants, also called honey ants, are ants which have specialized workers (repletes,plerergates, or rotunds) that are gorged with food by workers to the point that their abdomens swell enormously. Other ants then extract nourishment from them. They function as living larders. Honeypot ants belong to any of several ... Read »


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    • Humpy

    • A humpy or gunyah was a small, temporary shelter made from bark and tree branches, traditionally used by Australian Aboriginals, with a standing tree usually used as the main support. The word humpy comes from the Jagera language (a Murri people from Coorparoo in Brisbane); other language groups would have different na ... Read »


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    • Indigenous Australian food groups

    • Indigenous Australian peoples traditionally classified food sources in a methodical way. Below are a few examples. In Central Australia, people used innovative means to obtain a balanced diet. The food categories, and their Arrernte names are: Tyape atnyematye (Witchetty grub) Some other category words from Arrernt ... Read »


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    • Indigenous Australian seasons

    • Indigenous Australians have distinct ways of dividing the year up. Naming and understanding of seasons differed between groups, and depending on where in Australia the group lives. Below are a few examples of different groups and their seasons. The Yolngu, Indigenous Australians of North-East Arnhem Land, identify ... Read »


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    • Ipomoea costata

    • Ipomoea costata, commonly known as Rock Morning Glory, is an Australian native plant. It is found in northern Australia, from Western Australia, through the Northern Territory, to Queensland. It is the source of bush potato, a bush tucker food for Aborigines. Bush potatoes are cooked in the hot earth beside the fire, ... Read »


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    • Kangaroo meat

    • Kangaroo is a meat from any of the species of kangaroo. It is mostly produced in Australia from wild animals and in 2010 was exported to over 55 countries worldwide. Currently most kangaroo meat is sourced from wild animals as a byproduct of population control programmes. Both the meat and the hides are sold. Alth ... Read »


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    • The Last Trackers of the Outback

    • The Last Trackers of the Outback is a 2007 documentary film about Aboriginal trackers in Australia. The documentary, co-directed by Eric Ellena and Vanessa Escalante, won the Public’s Choice Award 2008 FIFO - Pacific International Documentary Film Festival of Tahiti. The films tells the story of the last of the ... Read »


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    • Marsdenia australis

    • Marsdenia australis

      Leichardtia australis R.Br. Marsdenia australis, commonly known as the bush banana, silky pear or green vine is an Australian native plant. It is found in Central Australia and throughout Western Australia. It is a bush tucker food used by Indigenous Australians. M. australis has many different names in Aboriginal la ... Read »


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    • Bush medicine

    • Bush medicine, also called traditional medicine, is the sum of the total knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of phys ... Read »


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    • Micromelum minutum

    • Micromelum minutum

      Micromelum minutum is a species of small trees or shrubs, of the citrus plant family Rutaceae. They grow naturally from northern and eastern Australia, through Malesia and the South Pacific to Indochina and India. They grow as an understorey plants in humid forests including rainforest, montane forest and gallery fores ... Read »


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    • Mulga apple

    • The mulga apple is an Australian bush tucker food, often eaten by Aborigines of Central Australia. The mulga apple is in fact a combination of plant and animal; the insect gall grows inside the wood of the mulga tree (Acacia aneura). Without the wasp the gall would not be induced. Mulga apple is known as Merne atalty ... Read »


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    • Santalum acuminatum

    • Santalum acuminatum

      Santalum acuminatum, the desert quandong, is a hemiparasitic plant in the Sandalwood family Santalaceae, widely dispersed throughout the central deserts and southern areas of Australia. The species, especially its fruit, is also referred to as quandong or native peach. The use of the fruit as an exotic flavouring, one ... Read »


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    • Santalum lanceolatum

    • Santalum lanceolatum

      Santalum lanceolatum is an Australian tree of the family Santalaceae. It is commonly known as Desert Quandong, Northern Sandalwood, Sandalwood or True Sandalwood and in some restricted areas as Burdardu. The height of this plant is variable, from 1 to 7 metres. The flowers are green, white, and cream; appearing between ... Read »


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    • Santalum murrayanum

    • Santalum murrayanum, commonly known as the bitter quandong, is an Australian plant in the sandalwood family, Santalaceae. The Noongar name for the plant is coolyar. It bears a bitter fruit, from which a common name derives, in contrast to congener Santalum acuminatum - sweet quandong. The plant is also known as Ming. ... Read »


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    • Scarred tree

    • Scarred trees are trees which have had bark removed by indigenous Australians for the creation of bark canoes, shelters, shields and containers, such as coolamons. They are among the easiest-to-find archaeological sites in Australia. Bark was removed by making deep cuts in a tree with a stone pickaxe or other similar ... Read »


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    • Soakage (source of water)

    • A soakage, or soak, is a source of water in Australian deserts. It is called thus because the water generally seeps into the sand, and is stored below, sometimes as part of an ephemeral river or creek. Soakages were traditionally important sources of water for Australian Aborigines in the desert, being the most d ... Read »


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    • Solanum centrale

    • Solanum centrale

      Solanum centrale, the kutjera, or Australian desert raisin, is a plant native to the more arid parts of Australia. Like other "bush tomatoes", it has been used as a food source by Central Australia and Aboriginal groups for millennia. Solanum centrale was first described by J.M. Black in 1934. Like many plants of the ... Read »


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    • Spinifex resin

    • Spinifex resin is a gum coating of some species of Spinifex grasses. The resin was traditionally used in tool making by Australian Aborigines. Many species of spinifex are extremely resinous, to the extent that resin may drip down the stems and leaves on hot days, and large residual lumps of resin often may be seen at ... Read »


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    • Sterculia quadrifida

    • Sterculia quadrifida

      Sterculia quadrifida, also known as the peanut tree, or red-fruited kurrajong is a small tree that grows in the rainforests, vine thickets and gallery forests of coastal Queensland, the Northern Territory and north-eastern New South Wales. The tree grows to a height of 5 –10 metres and has a spreading deciduous c ... Read »


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    • Toas

    • Toas are small composite and painted artifacts made by members of the Diyari and collected by Lutheran Missionary Johann Reuther at the Killalpaninna Mission in South Australia beginning in 1904. Reuther claimed they were use as 'signposts' on vacating a camp to tell those following where they had gone. Each toas thus ... Read »


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    • Triodia (grass)

    • Triodia (grass)

      Plectrachne Henrard Triodia is a large genus of hummock-forming grass endemic to Australia; they are commonly known as spinifex, although they are not a part of the coastal genus Spinifex. Many of the soft-leaved members of this species were formerly included in the genus Plectrachne. Triodia is a perennial Australia ... Read »


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    • Ventilago viminalis

    • Ventilago viminalis

      Ventilago viminalis, commonly known as Supplejack, Vine Tree or whip vine, is a tree native to Northern and Central Australia from coastal regions of Queensland to the central deserts of the Northern Territory. The plant begins life as a scrambler, using other trees, shrubs and even grasses for support. As it ages the ... Read »


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    • Vigna lanceolata

    • Vigna lanceolata, known as the pencil yam,native bean,Maloga bean,parsnip bean,Ngarlajiyi,small yam,yam,bush carrot,Wapurtali,Wapirti, and Wajaraki is an Australian native plant. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Merne arlatyeye. Bush carrot is an important bush tucker food for Aborigines, and ... Read »


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    • Waddy

    • Waddy

      A waddy, nulla nulla or hunting stick is an Australian Aboriginal war club. The first of these names comes from the Dharuk Aborigines of Port Jackson, Sydney. A waddy is a heavy club constructed of carved timber. Waddies have been used in hand-to-hand combat, and were capable of splitting a shield, and killing or stun ... Read »


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    • Witchetty grub

    • The witchetty grub (also spelled witchety grub or witjuti grub) is a term used in Australia for the large, white, wood-eating larvae of several moths. Particularly it applies to the larvae of the cossid moth Endoxyla leucomochla, which feeds on the roots of the witchetty bush (named after the grubs) that is found in ce ... Read »


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    • Woomera (spear-thrower)

    • A woomera is a wooden Australian Aboriginal spear-throwing device. Similar to an atlatl, it is an extension of the human arm that enables a spear to travel at a greater speed and force than possible with the unaided arm. The town of Woomera in South Australia, founded in 1947 as the home of the Anglo-Australian Long Ra ... Read »


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    • Xanthorrhoea

    • Xanthorrhoea

      28 species Acoroides Sol. ex Kite, not validly published Xanthorrhoea (/zænθoʊˈriːə/) is a genus of about 30 species of flowering plants endemic to Australia and a member of family Asphodelaceae, being the only member of subfamily Xanthorrhoeoideae. The Xanthorrhoeoideae are monocots, part of order ... Read »


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