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    Architectural styles

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    • All of the categories form a hierarchy, although sub-categories may be a member of more than one category. An example of a small part of this hierarchical structure looks somewhat like this: The actual relationship is more complex since a category may appear as a subcategory of several other categories. The actual rel ... category


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    • Architectural style

    • An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. A style may include such elements as , method of construction, building materials, and regional character. Most architecture can be classified within a chronology of styles which changes ... Read »


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    • Timeline of architectural styles

    • This timeline shows the periods of various styles of architecture in a graphical fashion. ... Read »


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    • category

    • All of the categories form a hierarchy, although sub-categories may be a member of more than one category. An example of a small part of this hierarchical structure looks somewhat like this: The actual relationship is more complex since a category may appear as a subcategory of several other categories. The actual rel ... category


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    • Architectural style

    • An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. A style may include such elements as , method of construction, building materials, and regional character. Most architecture can be classified within a chronology of styles which changes ... Read »


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    • Timeline of architectural styles

    • This timeline shows the periods of various styles of architecture in a graphical fashion. ... Read »


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    • Architecture styles by country

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    • Architectural styles by style by country

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    • Architects by style

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    • Buildings and structures by country and style

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    • 19th-century architectural styles

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    • 20th-century architectural styles

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    • 21st-century architectural styles

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    • House styles

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    • Religious architecture

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    • Art Deco architecture

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    • Art Nouveau architecture

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    • Baroque architectural styles

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    • Baroque architecture

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    • Baroque Revival architecture

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    • Beaux-Arts architecture

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    • Biedermeier architecture

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    • British colonial architecture

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    • Brutalist architecture

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    • Byzantine architecture

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    • Byzantine Revival architecture

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    • Canadian architectural styles

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    • Carolingian architecture

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    • Cast-iron architecture

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    • Central hall plan architecture

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    • Christian architecture by style

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    • Classical architecture

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    • Colonial architecture

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    • Colonial Revival architecture

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    • Commercial Style architecture

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    • Constructivist architecture

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    • Cotswold architecture

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    • Cottage orné


    • Creole architecture

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    • Deconstructivism

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    • Dutch Colonial architecture

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    • Dzongs

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    • Early Republic architecture

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    • Eclectic architecture

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    • Egyptian Revival architecture

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    • Elizabethan architecture

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    • Exotic Revival architecture

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    • Expressionist architecture

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    • Fascist architecture

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    • Foursquare architecture

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    • Georgian architecture

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    • Georgian Revival architecture

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    • Gothic architecture

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    • Hall-parlor plan architecture

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    • Herrerian architecture

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    • High-tech architecture

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    • Historicist architecture

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    • Indigenous architecture

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    • Industrial Style architecture

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    • International style architecture

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    • Isabelline architecture

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    • Islamic architecture

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    • Jacobean architecture

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    • Jeffersonian Revival architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Jeffersonian Revival architecture


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    • Luten bridges

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    • Mannerist architecture


    • Manueline architecture

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    • Medieval architecture

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    • Mediterranean Revival architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Mediterranean Revival architecture


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    • Mid 19th Century Revival architecture

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    • Modernism

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Modernism


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    • Modernisme architecture

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    • Modernist architecture

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    • Moldovan architecture

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    • Moorish architecture

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    • Moorish Revival architecture

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    • Mudéjar architecture


    • Mughal architecture

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    • National Park Service Rustic architecture

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    • National Romantic style architecture

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    • Neo-futurism architecture

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    • Neo-Historism

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    • Neoclassical architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Neoclassical architecture


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    • Neomodern architecture

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    • Novelty architecture

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    • Organic architecture

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    • Ornaments (architecture)

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    • Ottoman architecture

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    • Ottonian architecture

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    • Postmodern architecture

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    • Prairie School architecture

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    • Queen Anne architecture

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    • Regency architecture

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    • Renaissance architecture

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    • Renaissance Revival architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Renaissance Revival architecture


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    • Revival architectural styles

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    • Romanesque architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Romanesque architecture


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    • Romanesque Revival architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Romanesque Revival architecture


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    • Russian Revival architecture

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    • Rustic architecture

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    • Saltbox architecture

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    • Shingle Style architecture

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    • Shotgun architecture

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    • Side passage plan architecture

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    • Spanish Colonial architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Spanish Colonial architecture


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    • Spanish Colonial Revival architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Spanish Colonial Revival architecture


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    • Stalinist architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Stalinist architecture


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    • Stick-Eastlake architecture


    • Streamline Moderne architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Streamline Moderne architecture


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    • Stripped Classical architecture

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    • Swiss chalet architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Swiss chalet architecture


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    • Transnistrian architecture

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    • Tudor architecture

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    • Tudor Revival architecture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Tudor Revival architecture


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    • Vernacular architecture

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    • Victorian architecture

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    • Western false front architecture

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    • Architectural style stubs

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    • List of house styles

    • The term "house style" also means the body of conventions followed by a publisher. See house style. This is a list of styles in residence construction. This list predominantly refers to American architectural styles. While there are many well preserved architectural styles across the United States, some older America ... Read »


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    • List of architectural styles

    • An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable and historically identifiable. A style may include such elements as , method of construction, building materials, and regional character. Most architecture can be classified as a chronology of styles which changes ov ... Read »


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    • Timeline of architectural styles

    • This timeline shows the periods of various styles of architecture in a graphical fashion. ... Read »


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    • Ablaq

    • Ablaq (Arabic: أبلق‎‎; particolored; literally 'piebald') is an architectural style involving alternating or fluctuating rows of light and dark stone. Records trace the beginnings of this type of masonry technique to the south parts of Syria. It is associated as an Arabic term, especially as relat ... Read »


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    • Adam style

    • The Adam style (or Adamesque and "Style of the Brothers Adam") is an 18th-century neoclassical style of interior design and architecture, as practised by three Scottish brothers, of whom Robert Adam (1728–1792) and James Adam (1732–1794) were the most widely known. The Adam brothers were the first to advocat ... Read »


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    • Aerospace architecture

    • Aerospace architecture is broadly defined to encompass architectural design of non-habitable and habitable structures and living and working environments in aerospace-related facilities, habitats, and vehicles. These environments include, but are not limited to: science platform aircraft and aircraft-deployable systems ... Read »


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    • Alampur, Mahbubnagar

    • Alampur, Mahbubnagar

      Alampur is a temple-town situated in Jogulamba Gadwal district, in the state of Telangana, India. Alampur is the meeting point of the sacred rivers Tungabhadra and Krishna and is referred to as Dakshina Kashi (also known as Navabrahmeshwara Theertha) and the Western Gateway of Srisailam, the famous Shaivite (Shaivism) ... Read »


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    • American Empire style

    • American Empire is a French-inspired Neoclassical style of American furniture and decoration that takes its name and originates from the Empire style introduced during the First French Empire period under Napoleon's rule. It gained its greatest popularity in the U.S. after 1820 and is considered the second, more robust ... Read »


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    • Ancient Chinese wooden architecture

    • Ancient Chinese wooden architecture is among the least studied of any of the world's great architectural traditions from the western point of view. Although Chinese architectural history reaches far back in time, descriptions of Chinese architecture are often confined to the well known Forbidden City with little else e ... Read »


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    • Ancient Roman architecture

    • Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but grew so different from Greek buildings as to become a new architectural style. The two styles are often considered one body of classical architecture. Roman architecture flourished in the ... Read »


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    • Anglo-Japanese style

    • The Anglo-Japanese style developed in the period from approximately 1851 to 1900, when a new appreciation for Japanese design and culture affected the art, especially the decorative art, and architecture of England. The first use of the term "Anglo-Japanese" occurs in 1851. The wider interest in Eastern or Oriental des ... Read »


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    • Apteral

    • Apteral (from the Greek απτερος, "wingless": α-, "without" + πτερον, "wing") is an architectural term applied to amphiprostyle temples which have no columns on the sides. In the temple Athena Nike known as "Nike Apteros", the adjective is used, not as applying to the goddess of ... Read »


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    • Arabesque

    • The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of "surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils" or plain lines, often combined with other elements. Another definition is "Foliate ornament, used in the Islamic world, typically using leaves, derived from ... Read »


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    • Arch of Constantine

    • Arch of Constantine

      The Arch of Constantine (Italian: Arco di Costantino) is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312. Dedicated in 315, it is the largest Roman triumphal ar ... Read »


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    • Architectural school of Nakhchivan

    • Architectural school of Nakhchivan (Azerbaijani: Naxçıvan memarlıq məktəbi) – is one of architectural schools developed in the territory of modern Azerbaijan in medieval ages. The architectural school of Nakhchivan was founded by Ajami Nakhchivani in the 12th century. Mausoleums of Yusif ibn Kuseyir ... Read »


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    • Architectural style

    • An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. A style may include such elements as , method of construction, building materials, and regional character. Most architecture can be classified within a chronology of styles which changes ... Read »


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    • Architecture terrible

    • Architecture terrible was a style of architecture advocated by French architect Jacques-François Blondel in his nine-volume treatise Cours d'architecture ou traité de la décoration, distribution et constructions des bâtiments contenant les leçons données en 1750, et les années suivantes (1771– ... Read »


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    • Arcus Novus

    • Arcus Novus

      Coordinates: 41°53′53.43″N 12°28′53.50″E / 41.8981750°N 12.4815278°E / 41.8981750; 12.4815278 The Arcus Novus was an ancient arch in Rome, located on the Via lata (now the Via del Corso ), at the site of the church of Santa Maria in Via Lata. The arch was dedicate ... Read »


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    • Armenian architecture

    • Armenian architecture comprises architectural works with an aesthetic or historical connection to the Armenian people. It is difficult to situate this architectural style within precise geographical or chronological limits, but many of its monuments were created in the regions of historical Armenia, the Armenian Highla ... Read »


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    • Art Deco in Durban

    • Durban, South Africa has a notable amount of buildings built in the Art Deco style popularised in the USA in the 1930s. Durban-style Art Deco buildings share the characteristic bold colours, geometric shapes and glamorous ornamentals of the global style, while incorporating local narratives and motifs. The styling of ... Read »


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    • Art Nouveau

    • Art Nouveau

      Art Nouveau (French pronunciation: ​[aʁ nuvo], Anglicised to /ˈɑːrt nuːˈvoʊ/) is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by n ... Read »


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    • Arts and Crafts movement

    • The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain that was started by William Morris and William de Morgan (and his company, Morris co)and flourished in Europe and North America between 1880 and 1910, emerging in Japan in the 1920s. It stood for traditional ... Read »


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    • Asturian architecture

    • Pre-Romanesque architecture in Asturias is framed between the years 711 and 910, the period of the creation and expansion of the kingdom of Asturias. In the 5th century, the Goths, a Christianized tribe of Eastern Germanic origin, arrived in the Iberian peninsula after the fall of the Roman empire, and dominated m ... Read »


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    • Astylar

    • Astylar (from Gr. ἀ-, privative, and στῦλος, a column) is an architectural term given to a class of design in which neither columns nor pilasters are used for decorative purposes; thus the Riccardi and Strozzi palaces in Florence are astylar in their design, in contradistinction to Palladio's p ... Read »


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    • Australian architectural styles

    • Australian architectural styles, like the revivalist trends which dominated Europe for centuries, have been primarily derivative. Europeans’ early contacts with Indigenous populations led them to misinterpret Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' ways of life. Until the 20th century, a fallacy existe ... Read »


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    • Australian non-residential architectural styles

    • Australian non-residential architectural styles are a set of Australian architectural styles that apply to buildings used for purposes other than residence and have been around only since the first colonial government buildings of early European settlement of Australia in 1788. Their distribution follows closely the e ... Read »


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    • Aztec architecture

    • Aztec architecture refers to pre-Columbian architecture of the Aztec civilization. Aztec cities often competed to construct the greatest temples in the Aztec empire. While doing so, instead of demolishing an old temple and building a new one at the site, they simply built over the old structure. Often, the temples were ... Read »


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    • Badami cave temples

    • Badami cave temples

      The Badami cave temples are a complex of four Hindu, Jain and possibly Buddhist cave temples located in Badami, a town in the Bagalkot district in northern part of Karnataka, India. The caves are considered an example of Indian rock-cut architecture, especially Badami Chalukya architecture, which dates from the 6th cen ... Read »


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    • Barabar Caves

    • Barabar Caves

      The Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Makhdumpur region of Jehanabad district, Bihar, India, 24 km (15 mi) north of Gaya. These caves are situated in the twin hills of Barabar (fo ... Read »


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    • Baroque architecture

    • Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and the absolutist state. It was characterized by new ex ... Read »


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    • List of Baroque architecture

    • The following is a list of examples of various types of Baroque architecture since its origins. ... Read »


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    • Baroque Revival architecture


    • Batak architecture

    • Batak architecture refers to the related architectural traditions and designs of the various Batak peoples of North Sumatra, Indonesia. There are six groups of Batak who speak separate but related languages: the Angkola, the Mandailing to the south, the Toba, to the north the Pakpak/Dairi, the Simalungun, and the Karo. ... Read »


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    • Battle of the Styles

    • The Battle of the Styles is a term used to refer to the conflict between supporters of the Gothic style and the Classical style in architecture. In Britain this led to public debates between Decimus Burton and Augustus Pugin. Later in the century the revival of vernacular architecture led to an increasing palette of s ... Read »


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    • Bava Pyara caves

    • Bava Pyara caves (also known as Baba Pyara caves) are an example of ancient man-made caverns. The caves are a part of the Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups situated in the eastern part of Junagadh of the Indian state of Gujarat. Bava Pyara caves contains artworks of both Buddhism and Jainism. These caves are arranged in t ... Read »


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    • Beaux-Arts architecture

    • Beaux-Arts architecture (/ˌboʊˈzɑːr/; French: [bozaʁ]) expresses the academic neoclassical architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The style "Beaux Arts" is above all the cumulative product of two-and-a-half centuries of instruction under the authority, first, of the Aca ... Read »


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    • Bedse Caves

    • Bedse Caves

      Bedse Caves (also known as Bedsa Caves) are situated in Maval taluka, Pune District, Maharashtra, India. The history of the caves can be traced back up to 1st century BC. Until around 1861 the caves were regularly maintained - even painted. These works were ordered by local authorities in order to please British o ... Read »


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    • Belum Caves

    • Belum Caves

      The Belum Caves is the largest and longest cave system open to the public on the Indian subcontinent, known for its speleothems, such as stalactite and stalagmite formations. The Belum Caves have long passages, galleries, spacious caverns with fresh water and siphons. This natural underground cave system was formed ove ... Read »


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    • Bhumija

    • Bhumija is a variety of northern Indian Shikhara (tower or spire on top of a shrine) that is particularly popular in temples of western India, northern Deccan and the Malwa regions in India. It comprises a central Latina projection, tapering towards the top on all four faces. The quadrants so formed are decorated with ... Read »


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    • Biedermeier

    • The Biedermeier period refers to an era in Central Europe between 1815 and 1848 during which the middle class grew and arts appealed to common sensibilities. It began with the time of the Congress of Vienna at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, and ended with the onset of the European revolutions in 1848. Although the ter ... Read »


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    • Binnayaga Buddhist caves

    • Binnayaga Buddhist caves also known as Vinayaka or Vinayaga are located at village Binnayaga in the state of Rajasthan, India. The excavation has around 20 laterite caves facing south from east to west. This is monastic complex, the cells are smaller than Kolvi Caves cell. The stupa shaped sanctuary is the highlight of ... Read »


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    • Biodynamic architecture

    • Biodynamic architecture is a new way of architectural thinking, it is a spiral-based architecture-planing-method used in the creating processes and works of SPIRALI art & architecture (2014). Founder Catalin D'arco introduced this term to define a new way of architectural thinking, a new philosophy to connect architect ... Read »


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    • Biomimetic architecture

    • Biomimetic architecture is a contemporary philosophy of architecture that seeks solutions for sustainability in nature, not by replicating the natural forms, but by understanding the rules governing those forms. It is a multi-disciplinary approach to sustainable design that follows a set of principles rather than styli ... Read »


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    • Blobitecture

    • Blobitecture (from blob architecture), blobism and blobismus are terms for a movement in architecture in which buildings have an organic, amoeba-shaped, building form. Though the term 'blob architecture' was in vogue already in the mid-1990s, the word blobitecture first appeared in print in 2002, in William Safire's "O ... Read »


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    • Bojjannakonda

    • Bojjannakonda

      Bojjannakonda and Lingalakonda are two Buddhist rock-cut caves on adjacent hillocks, situated near a village called Sankaram, which is a few kilometres away from Anakapalle, Vishakhapatnam in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The sites are believed to date between 4th and 9th Century A.D, when the 3 phases of Buddhis ... Read »


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    • Bowellism

    • Bowellism is a modern style of architecture heavily associated with Richard Rogers. The premise is that the services for the building, such as ducts, sewage pipes and lifts, are located on the exterior to maximise space in the interior. The style originated with Michael Webb's 1957 student project for a Furniture Manu ... Read »


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    • Brabantine Gothic

    • Brabantine Gothic, occasionally called Brabantian Gothic, is a significant variant of Gothic architecture that is typical for the Low Countries. It surfaced in the first half of the 14th century at Saint Rumbold's Cathedral in the City of Mechelen. Reputed architects such as Jean d'Oisy,Jacob van Thienen,Everaert Spoo ... Read »


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    • Brahmeswara Temple

    • Brahmeswara Temple

      Brahmeswara Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, erected at the end of the 9th century CE, is richly carved inside and out. This Hindu temple can be dated with fair accuracy by the use of inscriptions that were originally on the temple. They are now lost, but records of them prese ... Read »


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    • Brick Expressionism

    • The term Brick Expressionism (German: Backsteinexpressionismus) describes a specific variant of expressionist architecture that uses bricks, tiles or clinker bricks as the main visible building material. Buildings in the style were erected mostly in the 1920s, primarily in Germany and The Netherlands, where the style w ... Read »


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    • Bristol Byzantine

    • Bristol Byzantine is a variety of Byzantine Revival architecture that was popular in the city of Bristol from about 1850 to 1880. Many buildings in the style have been destroyed or demolished, but notable surviving examples include the Colston Hall, the Granary on Welsh Back, the Carriage Works, on Stokes Croft and se ... Read »


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    • Brutalist architecture

    • Brutalist architecture is a movement in architecture that flourished from the 1950s to the mid-1970s, descending from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century. The term originates from the French word for "raw" in the term used by Le Corbusier to describe his choice of material béton brut (raw ... Read »


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    • Byzantine architecture

    • Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, also known as the Later Roman or Eastern Roman Empire. This terminology is used by modern historians to designate the medieval Roman Empire as it evolved as a distinct artistic and cultural entity centered on the new capital of Constantinople rather th ... Read »


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    • Byzantine Revival architecture

    • The Byzantine Revival (also referred to as Neo-Byzantine) was an architectural revival movement, most frequently seen in religious, institutional and public buildings. It emerged in the 1840s in Western Europe and peaked in the last quarter of the 19th century in the Russian Empire; an isolated Neo-Byzantine school was ... Read »


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    • Cape Dutch architecture

    • Cape Dutch architecture is a traditional Afrikaner architectural style found mostly in the Western Cape of South Africa. The style was prominent in the early days (17th century) of the Cape Colony, and the name derives from the fact that the initial settlers of the Cape were primarily Dutch. The style has roots in medi ... Read »


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    • Carolingian architecture

    • Carolingian architecture is the style of north European Pre-Romanesque architecture belonging to the period of the Carolingian Renaissance of the late 8th and 9th centuries, when the Carolingian dynasty dominated west European politics. It was a conscious attempt to emulate Roman architecture and to that end it borrowe ... Read »


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    • Cas di torto

    • Cas di torto (also called cas di lodo or cas di bara) is a traditional building technique from Aruba. It refers to a type of houses made of adobe with rounded corners. These houses were usually found around the plantations. The technique probably came over from the Venezuelan Paraguaná Peninsula in the 18th century ... Read »


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    • Chandavaram Buddhist site

    • Chandavaram Buddhist site

      Chandavaram Buddhist site is an ancient Buddhist site in Chandavaram village in Prakasam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Situated on the bank of Gundlakamma River, the site is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest of Donakonda railway station. The Chandavaram Buddhist site was built between the 2nd centur ... Read »


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    • Charchika Temple

    • Charchika Temple

      Charchika Temple is one of the oldest Shakta places in Orissa. It is located in a small town of Banki of Cuttack district in Odisha. The presiding deity is an eight-armed goddess Chamunda, locally known as Maa Charchika Devi. She is seated on a prostrate human body and wearing a garland of human skulls. She displays kh ... Read »


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    • Châteauesque


    • Chilotan architecture

    • Chilotan architecture is a unique architectural style that is mainly restricted to the Chiloé Archipelago and neighboring areas of southern Chile. These buildings have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Chiloé, in part because of its physical isolation from the rest of Chile and access to different ma ... Read »


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    • Chinese architecture

    • Chinese architecture is a style of architecture that has taken shape in East Asia over many centuries. The structural principles of Chinese architecture have remained largely unchanged, the main changes being only the decorative details. Since the Tang Dynasty, Chinese architecture has had a major influence on the arch ... Read »


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    • Church architecture

    • Church architecture refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches. It has evolved over the two thousand years of the Christian religion, partly by innovation and partly by imitating other architectural styles as well as responding to changing beliefs, practices and local traditions. From the birth of Ch ... Read »


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    • Church architecture of England

    • Church architecture of England refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches in England. It has evolved over the two thousand years of the Christian religion, partly by innovation and partly by imitating other architectural styles as well as responding to changing beliefs, practices and local traditions ... Read »


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    • Cistercian architecture

    • Cistercian architecture is a style of architecture associated with the churches, monasteries and abbeys of the Roman Catholic Cistercian Order. It was headed by Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux (d. 1153), who believed that churches should avoid superfluous ornamentation so as not to distract from the religious life. Cisterci ... Read »


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    • City Beautiful movement

    • The City Beautiful Movement was a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities. The movement, which was originally associated mainly with Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, and Was ... Read »


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    • Classical architecture

    • Classical architecture usually denotes architecture which is more or less consciously derived from the principles of Greek and Roman architecture of classical antiquity, or sometimes even more specifically, from the works of Vitruvius. Different styles of classical architecture have arguably existed since the Carolingi ... Read »


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    • Colonial architecture

    • Colonial architecture is an architectural style from a mother country that has been incorporated into the buildings of settlements or colonies in distant locations. Colonists frequently built settlements that synthesized the architecture of their countries of origin with the design characteristics of their new lands, c ... Read »


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    • Conceptual architecture

    • Conceptual architecture is a form of architecture that utilizes conceptualism, characterized by an introduction of ideas or concepts from outside of architecture often as a means of expanding the discipline of architecture. This produces an essentially different kind of building than one produced by the widely held 'ar ... Read »


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    • Conch house

    • A conch house is a style of architecture that developed in Key West, Florida in the 19th century and used into the early 20th century. The style was also used in the other keys and in the Miami area. The introduction of the conch house style is attributed to immigrants from the Bahamas. The conch house, like other Flo ... Read »


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    • Connected farm

    • A connected farm is an architectural design common in the New England region of the United States, and England and Wales in the United Kingdom. North American connected farms date back to the 17th century, while their British counterparts have also existed for several centuries. New England connected farms are characte ... Read »


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    • Constructivism (art)

    • Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin. This was a rejection of the idea of autonomous art. He wanted 'to construct' art. The movement was in favour of art as a practice for social purposes. Constructivism had a great effect on modern a ... Read »


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    • Constructivist architecture

    • Constructivist architecture was a form of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s. It combined advanced technology and engineering with an avowedly Communist social purpose. Although it was divided into several competing factions, the movement produced many pioneering projec ... Read »


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    • Contemporary architecture

    • Contemporary Architecture

      Contemporary architecture is the architecture of the 21st century. No single style is dominant; contemporary architects are working in a dozen different styles, from postmodernism and high-tech architecture to highly conceptual and expressive styles, resembling sculpture on an enormous scale. The different styles and a ... Read »


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    • Coptic architecture

    • Coptic architecture

      Coptology · Cross ·FastingFlag · History · Identity Literature · Music · Monasticism United States (Churches)Canada (Churches)Australia (Churches)Africa · AsiaEurope · South AmericaCoptic Diaspora ... Read »


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    • Cosmatesque

    • Cosmatesque, or Cosmati, is a style of geometric decorative inlay stonework typical of the architecture of Medieval Italy, and especially of Rome and its surroundings, and derived from that of the Byzantine Empire. It was used most extensively for the decoration of church floors, but was also used to decorate church wa ... Read »


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    • Cotswold architecture

    • The Cotswold style of architecture is a unique style based on houses from the Cotswold region of England, and is sometimes called the storybook style, with buildings made in this form also sometimes referred to as Tudor cottages. Roofs made with pseudo-thatch, steep arch gables, and arched doorways are all common featu ... Read »


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    • Cottage window

    • A cottage window is a double-hung window — i.e., a window with two sashes sliding up and down, hung with one atop the other in the same frame — in which the upper sash is smaller (shorter) than the lower one. The upper sash often contains smaller lights divided by muntins (often known as a "divided light patt ... Read »


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    • Critical regionalism

    • Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of identity of the International Style, but also rejects the whimsical individualism and ornamentation of Postmodern architecture. The stylings of critical regionalism seek to provide an architecture rooted in the mod ... Read »


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    • Dancheong

    • Dancheong

      Dancheong (Korean: 단청) refers to Korean traditional decorative coloring on wooden buildings and artifacts for the purpose of style. It literally means "cinnabar and blue-green" in Korean. It is based on five basic colors; blue (east), white (west), red (south), black (north), and yellow (center).Dancheong has ... Read »


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    • Danish design

    • Danish Design is a style of functionalistic design and architecture that was developed in mid-20th century. Influenced by the German Bauhaus school, many Danish designers used the new industrial technologies, combined with ideas of simplicity and functionalism to design buildings, furniture and household objects, many ... Read »


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    • Deconstructivism

    • Deconstructivism is a movement of postmodern architecture which appeared in the 1980s, which gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building. It is characterized by an absence of harmony, continuity, or symmetry. Its name comes from the idea of "Deconstruction", a form of semiotic analysis develo ... Read »


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    • Dhamnar Caves

    • The Dhamnar Caves are caves located in the village of Dhamnar, located in Mandsaur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. This rock cut site consists of 51 caves, stupas, Chaityas, passages, and compact dwellings, carved in the 7th century CE. The site includes large statues of Gautama Buddha in sitting and Ni ... Read »


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    • Dhank Caves

    • The Dhank Caves are located near Dhank village near Upleta, Rajkot district, Gujarat, India. They were chiseled out of a calcareous sandstone outcropping during Kshatrapa's regime. The caves are influenced by Buddhist and Jain cultures. The Buddhist cave include figures of Bodhisattva and the Jain cave includes figures ... Read »


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    • Diner

    • A diner is a small fast food restaurant that is found in the American Northeastern United States and Midwest, as well as in other states, Canada, and parts of Western Europe. Diners offer a wide range of foods, mostly American, a distinct exterior structure, a casual atmosphere, a long counter with bar stools where pat ... Read »


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    • Dingbat (building)

    • A dingbat is a type of formulaic apartment building that flourished in the Sun Belt region of the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, a vernacular variation of shoebox style "stucco boxes". Dingbats are boxy, two- or three-story apartment houses with overhangs sheltering street-front parking. Mainly found in Souther ... Read »


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    • Diocletian window

    • Diocletian windows, also called thermal windows, are large semicircular windows characteristic of the enormous public baths (thermae) of Ancient Rome. They have been revived on a limited basis by some classical revivalist architects in more modern times. Diocletian windows are large segmental arched windows (or ot ... Read »


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    • Directoire style

    • Directoire style, French pronunciation: ​[di.ʁɛk.twaʁ], describes a period in the decorative arts, fashion, and especially furniture design, concurrent with the post-Revolution French Directory (November 2, 1795 through November 10, 1799). The style uses Neoclassical architectural forms, minimal carvin ... Read »


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    • Dissenting Gothic

    • Dissenting Gothic is an architectural style associated with English Dissenters, that is, Protestants not affiliated with the Church of England. It is a distinctive style in its own right within Gothic Revival architecture that emerged primarily in Britain, its colonies and North America, during the nineteenth century. ... Read »


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    • Dravidian architecture

    • Dravidian architecture was an architectural idiom that emerged in the Southern part of the Indian subcontinent or South India. It consists primarily of temples with pyramid shaped towers and are constructed of sandstone, soapstone or granite. Mentioned as one of three styles of temple building in the ancient book Vastu ... Read »


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    • Dresden school

    • The Dresden school was a baroque Neo-Renaissance architectural style developed in Dresden, Germany, primarily by Gottfried Semper and Hermann Nicolai. The style is associated with European architects mainly from Germany and Italy who built buildings and later city villas in large numbers, but also synagogues and pub ... Read »


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    • Dutch Indies country house

    • Dutch Indies country houses (known as landhuizen, landhuis or thuyen) are Dutch colonial country houses in the Dutch Indies, now Indonesia. Many country houses were built by the Dutch in its colonial settlements during the 18th century, such as Galle, Cape Town, and Curaçao, but none as solidly built and as grandeur ... Read »


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    • Dzong architecture

    • Dzong architecture is a distinctive type of fortress (Wylie: rdzong, IPA: [tzɦoŋ˩˨]) architecture found mainly in Bhutan and the former Tibet. The architecture is massive in style with towering exterior walls surrounding a complex of courtyards, temples, administrative offices, and monks' accommodation. ... Read »


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    • Eclecticism in architecture

    • Eclecticism is a nineteenth and twentieth-century architectural style in which a single piece of work incorporates a mixture of elements from previous historical styles to create something that is new and original. In architecture and interior design, these elements may include structural features, furniture, decorativ ... Read »


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    • Egyptian Revival architecture

    • Egyptian revival is an architectural style that uses the motifs and imagery of ancient Egypt. It is attributed generally to the public awareness of ancient Egyptian monuments generated by Napoleon's conquest of Egypt and Admiral Nelson's defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of the Nile in 1798. Napoleon took a scientific e ... Read »


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    • Elizabethan architecture

    • Elizabethan architecture is the term given to early Renaissance architecture in England, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Historically, the period corresponds to the Cinquecento in Italy, the Early Renaissance in France, and the Plateresque style in Spain. Stylistically, it followed Tudor architecture and was suc ... Read »


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    • Empire style

    • The Empire style, French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃.piːʁ], the second phase of Romanticism, is an early-nineteenth-century design movement in architecture, furniture, other decorative arts, and the visual arts that flourished between 1800 and 1815 during the Consulate and the First French Empire periods, a ... Read »


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    • English Gothic architecture

    • English Gothic is an architectural style that flourished in England from about 1180 until about 1520. As with the Gothic architecture of other parts of Europe, English Gothic is defined by its pointed arches, vaulted roofs, buttresses, large windows, and spires. The Gothic style was introduced from France, where the v ... Read »


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    • Erravaram Caves


    • Expressionist architecture

    • Expressionist architecture was an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the 20th century in parallel with the expressionist visual and performing arts that especially developed and dominated in Germany. Brick Expressionism is a special variant, that dominates in western and northe ... Read »


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    • Fachwerk

    • Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are methods of building with heavy timbers rather than dimensional lumber such as 2x4s. Traditional timber framing is the method of creating structures using heavy squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs (larger version ... Read »


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    • Fantastic architecture

    • Fantastic architecture is an architectural style featuring attention grabbing buildings. Such buildings can be considered as works of art, and are normally built purely for the amusement of its owner. Fantastic architecture should not be confused with Novelty architecture. While both styles have unusual, attention-gra ... Read »


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    • Ferrovitreous

    • Ferro (iron) and vitreous (glass) construction combined the use of glass and iron in the eighteenth century and can be seen developing as early as the seventeenth century. Popularized during the industrial revolution as iron and steel production became more common throughout Europe and frequently utilized in world exhi ... Read »


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    • First Romanesque

    • One of the first streams of Romanesque architecture in Europe from the 10th century and the beginning of 11th century is called First Romanesque or Lombard Romanesque. It took place in the region of Lombardy and spread into Catalonia and into the south of France. Its principal decoration for the exterior, bands of orna ... Read »


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    • Flamboyant

    • Flamboyant (from French flamboyant, "flaming") is the name given to a florid style of late Gothic architecture in vogue in France from about 1350 until it was superseded by Renaissance architecture during the early 16th century, and mainly used in describing French buildings. The term is sometimes used of the early per ... Read »


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    • Frederician Rococo

    • Frederician Rococo is a form of rococo, which developed in Prussia during the reign of Frederick the Great and combined influences from France, Germany (especially Saxony) and the Netherlands. Its most famous adherent was the architect Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff. Furthermore, the painter Antoine Pesne and even K ... Read »


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    • French Colonial

    • French Colonial is a style of architecture used by the French during colonization. Many former French colonies, especially those in Southeast Asia, have previously been reluctant to promote their colonial architecture as an asset for tourism; however, in recent times, the new generation of local authorities has somewha ... Read »


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    • Functionalism (architecture)

    • In architecture, functionalism is the principle that architects should design a building based on the purpose of that building. This statement is less self-evident than it first appears, and is a matter of confusion and controversy within the profession, particularly in regard to modern architecture. Functionalism had ... Read »


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    • Futurist architecture

    • Futurist architecture is an early-20th century form of architecture born in Italy, characterized by strong chromaticism, long dynamic lines, suggesting speed, motion, urgency and lyricism: it was a part of Futurism, an artistic movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who produced its first manifesto, th ... Read »


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    • Gandharpale Caves

    • Gandharpale Caves is group of 30 Buddhist caves, 105 km south of Mumbai on Mumbai Goa Highway near Mahad. The caves are located near the NH-17 and well connected by Road. Important cave include: The inscription describes donations by bankers. A farm was given to Sangha. ... Read »


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    • Georgian architecture

    • Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I, George II, George III, and George IV—who reigned in continuous succession from Augu ... Read »


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    • Ghorawadi Caves


    • Gingerbread house (architecture)

    • Gingerbread houses are an architectural style that originated in Haiti in the late 19th century. Gingerbread was coined by American tourists in the 1950s, who appreciated the style which bore similarity to that of the Victorian-era buildings in the United States. The movement of the style began in 1881 with the Ha ... Read »


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    • GiyōfÅ« architecture


    • Gothic architecture

    • Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was known during the period ... Read »


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    • Gothic Revival architecture

    • Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, Neo-Gothic or Jigsaw Gothic, and when used for school, college, and university buildings as Collegiate Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England. Its popularity grew rapidly in the early 19th century, when increasingly serious and ... Read »


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    • Goût grec


    • Goût Rothschild


    • Greek Revival architecture

    • The Greek Revival was an architectural movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, predominantly in Northern Europe and the United States. A product of Hellenism, it may be looked upon as the last phase in the development of Neoclassical architecture. The term was first used by Charles Robert Cockerell in a lec ... Read »


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    • Gründerzeit


    • Guerrilla architecture

    • Guerrilla architecture is the hacking of existing buildings, often old, disused or distressed, adapted to a new function. Guerrilla architecture is both a social and political movement. It challenges the established architectural hierarchy by creating interventions in a very non-conformist way. Students tired of waitin ... Read »


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    • Guntupalli Group of Buddhist Monuments

    • Guntupalli Group of Buddhist Monuments is located near Kamavarapukota in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It is around 40 km away from Eluru. The site has two Buddhist caves, two vihara made up of brick, chaitya and a group of stupas. During excavation, three relic caskets were found. The caskets had many prec ... Read »


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    • Hathiagor Buddhist Caves

    • Hathiagor Buddhist Caves are located at village Pagaria in the state of Rajasthan, India. The caves are located on hiil called Hathiagor-ki-Pahadi. The group has five caves measuring 5 m x 5 m x 7 m. A stupa is located closer to the caves. PROTECTED MONUMENTS BY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA IN RAJASTHAN Some Buddhi ... Read »


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    • Heliopolis style

    • Heliopolis style is an early 20th-century architectural style developed in the new suburb of Heliopolis in eastern Cairo, Egypt. The Belgian Cairo Electric Railways and Heliopolis Oases Company, responsible for planning and developing the new suburb, created the new style to implement an exclusive distinctiveness to th ... Read »


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    • Henry II style

    • The Henry II style was the chief artistic movement of the sixteenth century in France, part of Northern Mannerism. It came immediately after High Renaissance and was largely the product of Italian influences. Francis I and his daughter-in-law, Catherine de' Medici, had imported to France a number Italian artists of Rap ... Read »


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    • Henry IV style

    • The Henry IV style was the predominant architectural idiom in France under the patronage of Henry IV (1589–1610). The modernisation of Paris was a major concern of Henry's, and the Place des Vosges is the greatest monument to his architectural style and urban planning. Among Henry's other works are the Pont Neuf, ... Read »


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    • Herodian architecture

    • Herodian architecture is a style of classical architecture characteristic of the numerous building projects undertaken during the reign (37–4 BC) of Herod the Great, the Roman client king of Judea. Herod undertook many colossal building projects, most famously his reconstruction of the Temple in Jerusalem (c. 19 B ... Read »


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    • Herrerian

    • The Herrerian (Spanish: Herreriano, Arquitectura herreriana) was developed in Spain during the last third of the 16th century under the reign of Philip II (1556-1598), and continued in force in the 17th century, but transformed by the Baroque current of the time. It corresponds to the third and final stage of the Spani ... Read »


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    • High Victorian Gothic

    • High Victorian Gothic was an eclectic architectural style and movement during the mid-late 19th century. It is seen by architectural historians as either a sub-style of the broader Gothic Revival style, or a separate style in its own right. Promoted and derived from the works of the architect and theorist John Ruskin, ... Read »


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    • High-tech architecture

    • High-tech architecture, also known as Late Modernism or Structural Expressionism, is an architectural style that emerged in the 1970s, incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design. High-tech architecture appeared as revamped modernism, an extension of those previous ideas helped by e ... Read »


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    • Inca architecture

    • Incan architecture is the most significant pre-Columbian architecture in South America. The Incas inherited an architectural legacy from Tiwanaku, founded in the 2nd century BCE in present-day Bolivia. The capital of the Inca empire, Cusco, still contains many fine examples of Inca architecture, although many walls of ... Read »


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    • Indian rock-cut architecture

    • Indian rock-cut architecture is more various and found in greater abundance than any other form of rock-cut architecture around the world.Rock-cut architecture is the practice of creating a structure by carving it out of solid natural rock. Rock that is not part of the structure is removed until the only rock left is t ... Read »


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    • Indies Empire style

    • Indies Empire style (Dutch Indische Empire stijl) is an architectural style that flourished in the colonial Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) between the middle of the 18th century and the end of the 19th century. The style is an imitation of neoclassical Empire Style which was popular in mid-19th-century France. Confo ... Read »


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    • Indo-Islamic architecture

    • Indo-Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of styles from various backgrounds that helped shape the architecture of the Indian subcontinent from the advent of Islam in the Indian subcontinent around the 7th century. It has left influences on modern Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi architecture. Both secular an ... Read »


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    • Italian Baroque architecture

    • Italian Baroque architecture refers to baroque architecture in Italy. The sacred architecture of the Baroque period had its beginnings in the Italian paradigm of the basilica with crossed dome and nave. One of the first Roman structures to break with the Mannerist conventions exemplified in the Gesù, was the ch ... Read »


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    • Italian Neoclassical architecture

    • Italian Neoclassical architecture refers to architecture in Italy during the Neoclassical period (1750s - 1850s). In the 1750s and 1760s, the rich and frivolous Rococo was going out of fashion, and there was a growing desire to return to the simple, yet elegant classicism of architecture in Ancient Greece, Ancient ... Read »


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    • Italianate architecture

    • The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture. In the Italianate style, the models and architectural vocabulary of 16th-century Italian Renaissance architecture, which had served as inspiration for both Palladianism and Neoclassicism, were synthesised w ... Read »


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    • Jacobean architecture

    • The Jacobean style is the second phase of Renaissance architecture in England, following the Elizabethan style. It is named after King James I of England, with whose reign (1603-1625 in England) it is associated. At the start of James' reign there was little stylistic break in architecture, as Elizabethan trends contin ... Read »


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    • Jacobethan

    • Jacobethan is the style designation coined in 1933 by John Betjeman to describe the mixed national Renaissance revival style that was made popular in England from the late 1820s, which derived most of its inspiration and its repertory from the English Renaissance (1550–1625), with elements of Elizabethan and Jacob ... Read »


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    • Jacques Guibourd Historic House

    • Jacques Guibourd Historic House

      The Guibourd House, also known as La Maison de Guibourd, is an example of poteaux-sur-solle (vertical post on sill or foundation) sealed with bouzillage (usually a mixture of clay and grass) construction. The structure was built around 1806 and was the home of Jacques Jean Rene Guibourd and his family. The basic archi ... Read »


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    • Jalasangvi

    • Jalasangvi

      Jalasangvi (or Jalasangavi) is a village in Homnabad Taluk, Bidar district, Karnataka, India. It is located close to Dubalgundi, on the Gulbarga - Bidar state highway, at the northern end of Karnataka State. Jalasangvi is famous for its temple ruins. Jalasangvi is a historical place, built by king Vikramaditya VI ... Read »


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    • Jeffersonian architecture

    • Jeffersonian architecture is an American form of Neo-Classicism and/or Neo-Palladianism embodied in the architectural designs of U.S. President and polymath Thomas Jefferson, after whom it is named. These include his home (Monticello), his retreat (Poplar Forest), a college he founded (University of Virginia), and his ... Read »


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    • Jengki style

    • Jengki - also Yankee style - was a post-war modernist architectural style developed in Indonesia following its independence. The style was popular between late 1950s - early 1960s. Jengki style reflected the new influence of the United States on Indonesian architecture after hundreds years of the Dutch colonial rule. ... Read »


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    • Jogeshwari Caves

    • Jogeshwari Caves

      The Jogeshwari Caves are some of the earliest Hindus and Buddhist cave temples sculptures located in the Mumbai suburb of Jogeshwari, India. The caves date back to 520 to 550 CE. These caves belongs to the last stage of the Mahayana Buddhist architecture. According to historian and scholar Walter Spink, Jogeshwari is t ... Read »


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    • Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups

    • Junagadh Buddhist Cave Groups are located in Junagadh district of the Indian state of Gujarat. The so-called “Buddhist Caves” are not actually caves, but three separate sites of rooms carved out of stone to be used as monks’ quarters. These caves were carved from Emperor Ashoka's period up to 1st-4th cen ... Read »


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    • Kadamba architecture

    • Kadamba architecture was a style of temple architecture founded by Mayurasharma in the 4th century AD in Karnataka, IndiaKadambas created new style of architecture which was the basis of the Hoysalas style of architecture, developed original school of sculpture, was the forerunner of series of South Indian sculptors. M ... Read »


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    • Kadia Dungar caves

    • Kadia Dungar Caves are located at Kadia Dungar near Zazpor village of Zagadiya Taluka of in Bharuch district of the Indian state of Gujarat. The group has seven caves carved out in 1st and 2nd century AD on the mountain. The group includes sculpture of monolithic lion pillars. An architecture of cave shows vihara style ... Read »


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    • Karad Caves

    • Agashiv Caves is group of 66 Buddhist caves located south west of the Karad town, near village Jakhinwadi overlooking the Koyna River. The caves are located on Agashiv hill and some caves are scattered around Jakhinwadi The caves facing south are important caves. There are caves in the valley as well.One of the caves ... Read »


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    • Khambhalida Caves

    • Khambhalida Caves are three Buddhist caves located near Gondal in Rajkot district, Gujarat, India. P. P. Pandya, a prominent archeologist, discovered these Buddhist caves in 1958. These caves are maintained by the Archaeology Department of Gujarat state. The caves are situated at the foot of small hillocks on the ... Read »


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    • KiBiSi

    • KiBiSi is a design firm in Copenhagen, Denmark, founded in 2009 by Lars Holme Larsen, Bjarke Ingels and Jens Martin Skibsted. It brings together the expertise of their three design companies: Kilo Design (Ki), BIG architects (Bi) and Skibsted Ideation (Si). The three are able to draw on ideas from different fields, cre ... Read »


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    • Kirkbride Plan

    • The Kirkbride Plan refers to a system of mental asylum design advocated by Philadelphia psychiatrist Thomas Story Kirkbride (1809-1883) in the mid-19th century. The establishment of state mental hospitals in the U.S. is partly due to reformer Dorothea Dix, who testified to the New Jersey legislature in 1844, vivid ... Read »


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    • Kolvi Caves

    • Kolvi Caves or Kholve caves are located at Kolvi village in the state of Rajasthan, India. They are carved out in laterite rock hill. This Buddhist site has stupas, chaityas containing figures of Buddha. An architectural style shows dominance of Hinayana sect in this region. The caves has statues of Buddha in the medit ... Read »


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    • Kondana Caves

    • Kondana Caves

      Kondana Caves are located in small village, Kondana, 33 km north of Lonavala and 16 km northwest of Karla Caves. This cave group has 16 Buddhist caves. The caves were excavated in first century B.C. The construction on wooden pattern is notabale. One can reach the cave by descending from Rajmachi village. The ca ... Read »


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    • Kuda Caves

    • Kuda Caves are located in the small village of Kuda, on the eastern side of the north shore of Murud-Janjira in south Konkan, India. These fifteen Buddhist caves are small, simple, and were excavated in first century B.C. The verandah of Chaitya has several reliefs of the Buddha, carved with symbols of lotus, wheel an ... Read »


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    • Laimes

    • Laimes also known as "Lehms", "Lehmhus", "Leimes" is a clay daub faced granaries particular to Upper Silesia. Origin of name is thought to be from Lehm (clay), but with the local dialect corrupted to Laimes. Once they were common left of the River Odra (Oder) but are thought to be no longer found there. In the district ... Read »


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    • Lakkundi

    • Lakkundi

      Lakkundi (Kannada: ಲಕ್ಕುಂಡಿ )in Gadag District of Karnataka is a tiny village on the way to Hampi (Hosapete) from Hubballi. Lakkundi 11 km from Gadag in the east. It is 14 km from Dambal and 25 km from Mahadeva Temple (Itagi). Lakkundi, full of ruined temples like M ... Read »


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    • Landshövdingehus


    • Latina (architecture)

    • Latina is the most common type northern Indian Shikhara (tower or spire on top of a shrine), comprising a single curvilinear projection formed by superimposing horizontal slabs of stone. The two variant and more elaborate northern Indian towers; the Sekhari and the Bhumija towers are based on the Latina plan. ... Read »


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    • The Leeds Look

    • In Leeds, the growth of the financial and business services sector from the mid-1980s onwards resulted in a boom in office developments in the city centre. Many of the buildings constructed at this time are in the style known as the "Leeds Look", which is typified by the use of dark red brickwork and steeply pitched gr ... Read »


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    • List of brutalist structures

    • Brutalism is an architectural style that spawned from the modernist architectural movement and which flourished from the 1950s to the 1970s. The following list provides numerous examples of this architectural style worldwide. ... Read »


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    • List of oldest church buildings

    • This article lists some but by no means all of the oldest known church buildings in the world. In most instances, buildings listed here were reconstructed numerous times and only fragments of the original buildings have survived. These surviving, freestanding buildings were purposely constructed for use by congregation ... Read »


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    • Liturgical architecture

    • Liturgical architecture refers to religious structures, forms, spaces and orders. Liturgical architecture can enhance one's religious experience through ritual procession, circumambulation, and the narration of religious stories through the form and ornamentation of a building. ... Read »


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    • Lombard architecture

    • The term Lombard architecture refers to the architecture of the Kingdom of the Lombards in Italy, which lasted from 568 to 774 (with residual permanence in southern Italy until the 10th-11th centuries) and which was commissioned by Lombard kings and dukes. The architectural works of the Lombards in northern Italy (Lan ... Read »


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    • Louis period styles

    • "Louis period styles" is the collective name for five distinct styles of French architecture and interior design. The styles span the period from 1610 to 1793. Each of the five styles is named for the ruler of the particular period. The terms are applied as style terms for the French forms of: Columbia Encyclopedia: ... Read »


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    • Louis Quinze

    • The Louis XV style or Louis Quinze was a French Rococo style in the decorative arts, and, to a lesser degree, architecture. Datable to the personal reign of Louis XV (1723–1774), the style was characterised by supreme craftsmanship and the integration of the arts of cabinetmaking, painting, and sculpture. French ... Read »


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    • Louis XIII style

    • The Louis XIII style or Louis Treize was a fashion in French art and architecture, especially effecting the visual and decorative arts. Its distinctness as a period in the history of French art has much to do with the regency under which Louis XIII began his reign (1610–1643). His mother and regent, Marie de' Medi ... Read »


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    • Mahakali Caves

    • Mahakali Caves

      The Mahakali Caves (also known as the Kondivite Caves) are a group of 19 rock-cut monuments built between 1st century BCE and 6th century CE. This Buddhist monastery is located in the eastern suburb of Andheri in the city of Mumbai (Bombay) in western India. Monument consists of two groups of rock-cut caves - 4 caves ... Read »


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    • Mahakuta group of temples


    • Mandapeshwar Caves

    • Mandapeshwar Caves

      The Mandapeshwar Caves (Marathi: मंडपेश्वर गुंफा) is an 8th Century rock-cut shrine dedicated to Shiva located near Mount Poinsur in Borivali, a suburb of Mumbai in Maharashtra, India. The caves are situated in Mount Poinsur, Borivali, a suburb ... Read »


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    • Mannerism

    • Mannerism is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520, lasting until about 1580 in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it. Northern Mannerism continued into the early 17th century. Stylistically, Mannerism encompasses a variety of approaches influen ... Read »


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    • Mannerist architecture

    • Mannerism is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520, lasting until about 1580 in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it. Northern Mannerism continued into the early 17th century. Stylistically, Mannerism encompasses a variety of approaches influen ... Read »


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    • Manueline

    • The Manueline (Portuguese: estilo manuelino, IPA: [ɨʃˈtilu mɐnweˈɫinu]), or Portuguese late Gothic, is the sumptuous, composite Portuguese style of architectural ornamentation of the first decades of the 16th century, incorporating maritime elements and representations of the discoveries brought fr ... Read »


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    • Maya architecture

    • A unique and intricate style, the tradition of Maya architecture spans several thousands of years. Often, the buildings most dramatic and easily recognizable as Mayans are the stepped pyramids the Terminal Pre-classic period and beyond. Being based on the general Mesoamerican architectural traditions, these pyramids re ... Read »


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    • Mayan Revival architecture

    • The Mayan Revival is a modern architectural movement, primarily of the 1920s and 1930s, that drew inspiration from the architecture and iconography of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures. Though the term refers specifically to the Maya civilization of southern Mexico and Central America, in practice this revivalis ... Read »


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    • Merovingian art

    • Merovingian art is the art of the Merovingian dynasty of the Franks, which lasted from the 5th century to the 8th century in present-day France, Benelux and a part of Germany. The advent of the Merovingian dynasty in Gaul in the 5th century led to important changes in the field of arts. Sculpture regressed to be little ... Read »


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    • Mesoamerican architecture

    • Mesoamerican architecture is the set of architectural traditions produced by pre-Columbian cultures and civilizations of Mesoamerica, traditions which are best known in the form of public, ceremonial and urban monumental buildings and structures. The distinctive features of Mesoamerican architecture encompass a number ... Read »


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    • Mesoamerican pyramids

    • Mesoamerican pyramids or pyramid-shaped structures form a prominent part of ancient Mesoamerican architecture. Although similar in shape or form, these structures bear only a very weak architectural resemblance to Egyptian pyramids. The Mesoamerican examples are usually step pyramids with temples on top – more aki ... Read »


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    • Metabolism (architecture)

    • Metabolism (新陳代謝, shinchintaisha?) was a post-war Japanese architectural movement that fused ideas about architectural megastructures with those of organic biological growth. It had its first international exposure during CIAM's 1959 meeting and its ideas were tentatively tested by students from Ken ... Read »


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    • Metaphoric architecture

    • Metaphoric architecture is an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the mid-20th century. It is considered by some to be merely an aspect of postmodernism whilst others consider it to be a school in its own right and a later development of expressionist architecture. The style is characterised by the ... Read »


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    • Mid-century modern

    • Mid-century modern is an architectural, interior, product and graphic design that describes mid-20th century developments in modern design, architecture and urban development from roughly 1933 to 1965. The term, employed as a style descriptor as early as the mid-1950s, was reaffirmed in 1983 by Cara Greenberg in the ti ... Read »


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    • Modernism

    • Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of ... Read »


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    • Modernisme

    • Modernisme (Catalan pronunciation: [muðərˈnizmə], Catalan for "modernism"), also known as Catalan modernism, is the historiographic denomination given to an art and literature movement. Its main form of expression was in architecture, but many other arts were involved (painting, sculpture, etc.), and esp ... Read »


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    • Moorish architecture

    • Moorish architecture is the architectural tradition that appeared in the Maghreb region and the Iberian peninsula after the Arab Islamic conquest. Characteristic elements of Moorish architecture include muqarnas, horseshoe arches, voussoirs, domes, crenellated arches, lancet arches, ogee arches, courtyards, and de ... Read »


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    • Moorish Revival architecture

    • Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental. It reached the height of its popularity after the mid-19th century, part of a widening vocabulary of articulate ... Read »


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    • Moroccan style

    • Moroccan style is a new trend in decoration which takes its roots from Moorish architecture and Moroccan architecture, it has been made popular by the vogue of Riads renovation in Marrakech. Its becoming popular in some circles in UK and the USA. Riad Laksiba notably formed part of a reality TV program following a fami ... Read »


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    • Mudéjar


    • Mycenaean Revival architecture

    • Mycenaean Revival is a rare revival architectural style developed as part of the 20th century neoclassicist architectural revival in Greece. The National Bank of Greece in Nafplio, built near the heart of the Mycenaean civilization in the 1930s by the architect Zouboulidis, is built in Mycenaean Revival, or neo-Mycena ... Read »


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    • Nadsur Caves

    • The Nadsur Caves are located to the northeast of Mahad, India. This group has 19 Buddhist caves belonging to the 1st–2nd century AD. One of the caves is Chaitya and other caves are Vihara. The caves were occupied by Mahayana Buddhists in the 5th century AD. The caves have two notable inscriptions, showing the nam ... Read »


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    • Napoleon III style

    • The Napoleon III style is the name commonly given to a 19th-century style of Renaissance Revival architecture in France, especially in Paris. It is a sub-style of Second Empire architecture, which is a term also used elsewhere in the world for this style. It is characterized by its eclecticism, because of the mix of de ... Read »


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    • Naryshkin Baroque

    • Naryshkin Baroque, also called Moscow Baroque, or Muscovite Baroque, is the name given to a particular style of Baroque architecture and decoration which was fashionable in Moscow from the turn of the 17th into the early 18th centuries. Naryshkin baroque is essentially a fusion of traditional Russian architecture ... Read »


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    • National Capital Authority

    • The National Capital Authority (NCA) is a body of the Australian Government that was established to manage the Commonwealth's interest in the planning and development of Canberra as the capital city of Australia. Timeline of the NCA and preceding bodies: The FCAC oversaw the construction of Canberra from 1921 to ... Read »


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    • National Romantic style

    • The National Romantic style was a Nordic architectural style that was part of the National Romantic movement during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is often considered to be a form of Art Nouveau. The National Romantic style spread across Finland; the Scandinavian countries of Denmark, Norway, and Swede ... Read »


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    • Nazi architecture

    • Nazi architecture refers to the architecture promoted by the Third Reich from 1933 until its fall in 1945. It is characterized by three forms: a stripped-down neoclassicism (typified by the designs of Albert Speer); a vernacular style that drew inspiration from traditional rural architecture, especially alpine; and a u ... Read »


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    • Nenavali Caves

    • Nenavali Caves are located at Sudhagad at Raigad, India. This is group of 37 Buddhist caves about 35 km from Pali, carved in first century B.C. ... Read »


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    • Neo-Historism

    • Neo-Historism, also known as Neo-Historicism, comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historicist styles or artisans. This is especially prevalent in styles used in revival architecture. Through combination of different styles or implementation of new elements, Neo-Historism can create com ... Read »


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    • Neo-Manueline

    • Neo-Manueline was a revival architecture and decorative arts style developed in Portugal between the middle of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. The style adopted the characteristics of the Manueline (or Portuguese Late Gothic) of the 16th century. The term manuelino was introduced in 1842 by ... Read »


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    • Neo-Mudéjar


    • Neo-Tiwanakan architecture

    • Neo-Tiwanakan architecture

      The Neo-Tiwanakan or Pseudo-Tiwanakan architecture is a style developed by the architect Emilio Villanueva Peñaranda between the years 1930 and 1948 inspired in the designs of the Pre-Columbian archeological site of Tiwanaku in Bolivia. The architect Emilio Villanueva popularized the Neo-Tiwanakan architecture in t ... Read »


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    • Neoclásico Isabelino


    • Neoclassical architecture

    • Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century. In its purest form, it is a style principally derived from the architecture of classical antiquity, the Vitruvian principles, and the work of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio. In form, Neo ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Architectural styles

Extras